Editors : J. Kartasubrata and N. Wulijarni-Soetjipto
Inside this issue
Signing of Agreement on the implementation of the project 'Lesser-known timbers of South East-Asia'
The Agreement on the implementation of the project PD 2/95 Rev. 1 (F,1): 'Book and databank on the lesser-known timbers of South- East Asia : Volume 5(3) within the PROSEA programme', was signed by Mr. Soemarsono (Director General, Forest Protection and Nature Conservation of the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry), Dr. B.C.Y. Freezailah (Executive Director, International Tropical Timber Organization, ITTO) and Prof. Dr. Aprilani Soegiarto (Chairman, PROSEA Board of Trustees) in a ceremony at the Ministry of Forestry, Jakarta, Indonesia, on 11 March 1996. The project will be carried out over two years starting from April 1996 to March 1997. The budget for the project is provided by the governments of the Netherlands, Japan, the Republic of Indonesia and the European Union, through the ITTO Special Account or as Counter Budget.
After the signing the authorities concerned presented their respective addresses. Mr. Soemarsono explained that this project was a continuation of a previous project entitled : 'Books and a database on the major and minor commercial timbers of South-East Asia: Volume 5(1) and Volume 5(2) within the PROSEA programme'.
The output of the present project will be a Handbook volume 5(3) consisting of about 600 pages, treating 320 genera of lesser-known timbers of South-East Asia. Beside the Handbook volume, also 7000 new references of mainly'grey'literature in South-East Asia will be recorded in the databank which will be published as a bibliography.
All information compiled in both projects will contribute to a better knowledge of the existing forest resources and will facilitate better forest planning, geared to sustainable forest management and better conservation of forest genetic resources and biodiversity.
Dr. B.C.Y. Freezailah explained that ITTO is an organization of timber producers in tropical countries and timber users in timber importing countries. The organization was established in accordance with the related provisions in the International Tropical Timber Agreement (ITTA) of 1983, conceptualized in a conference of UNCTAD.
The governing body of ITTO is the International Tropical Timber Council (ITTC) which has its meetings twice a year, once in Yokohama (ITTO Headquarters) and once in a member country. The ITTO has at present 54 members, evenly distributed among producers' and consumers' countries.
An important short term objective of the ITTO is to achieve sustainable forest manage-ment in producing countries in the year 2000. The PROSEA project on lesser-known timbers will contribute substantially to the achievement of this objective as the information from this volume will provide a more solid basis for an efficient use of timbers and for reforestation programmes.
In his speech Prof. Aprilani Soegiarto introduced PROSEA programme and products. The main products in the first implementation phase 1991-1995 were among others the two timber books on major and minor commercial timbers funded by ITTO. He explained that after the signing of the second Agreement implementation of the project on lesser-known timbers is secured. Prof. Aprilani, on behalf of the PROSEA Foundation, expressed his appreciation and gratitude to the Ministry of Forestry and ITTO for their continuous support to the PROSEA programme.
Progress on PROSEA books
PROSEA 5(3): Timber trees: Lesser-known timbers
Editors: M.S.M. Sosef, L.T. Hong
Due to the deeply regretted death of Professor I. Soerianegara (see page 4 of this Newsletter) a successor for him as editor is being sought. Because ITTO commitments for the financial support for this volume have been materialized (Japanese, Netherlands and Indonesian Governments, see Signing of Agreement in this Newsletter), work could really start at full swing early this year. For 240 of the total of about 320 genera, authors have been invited and about 150 authors have sent back signed contracts. About 30 genera were prepared by the PROSEA staff in Wageningen and entered the first editorial round already. About 20 drawings are ready and drafts for another 20 have already been made. The first ITTO Steering Committee Meeting for this project took place on 4 April 1996 at the Ministry of Forestry in Jakarta. A workshop to prepare wood-anatomical contributions for this volume, under the guidance of the associate editor, Professor PieterBaas, is planned for 11-25 November 1996 at FRIM, Malaysia.
PROSEA 9: Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates
Editors: M. Flach & F. Rumawas
The book (note the change in the title) was published in February 1996 and will officially be launched on 2 May at the Agricultural University in Wageningen during the PROSEA Executive Board Meeting.The book contains 237 pages and describes 54 major crops in 33 papers and about 50 minor species. The hardbound edition (ISBN 90-73348-51-X), price Fl. 125.00 (Dutch Guilders, approx. US $ 80.00), is available at Backhuys Publishers, P.O. Box 321, 2300 AH Leiden, the Netherlands. The low-price paperback edition (ISBN 979-8316-30-4) will be available for developing countries at the PROSEA Network Office in September 1996.
PROSEA 10: Cereals
Editors: G.J.H. Grubben & S. Partohardjono
All 16 major species are in the last phase of the editing round. The introductory chapter is near completion and a first draft of the minor species has been made. Most drawings are ready. Publication can be expected at the end of July 1996.
PROSEA 11: Auxiliary plants in agriculture and forestry
Editors: /. Faridah Hanum & L.J.G. van der Maesen
About 50 papers (out of about 95) are more or less ready (drawings included). Work on the introductory chapter is progressing well but slowly. The 150 minor species still need a final editorial round. An editors' meeting in Wageningen is planned for the last week of May 1996. It is hoped that the manuscript can be delivered to the printer before the end of 1996.
PROSEA 12: plants Medicinal and poisonous
Editors (proposed): L.S. de Padua Nuntavan Bunyapraphatsara & R.H.M.J. Lemmens
The Preparatory Committee met from 6-8 November 1995 and made proposals for the Task Force. The Task Force meeting (9 members) was held in Bogor from 12-13 March 1996 and made recommendations for the set-up of this volume. It has been proposed to subdivide volume 12 into 3 subvolumes and to give genera treatments for PROSEA 12(1) about 100 genera, PROSEA 12(2) about 180 and PROSEA 12(3) about 375. For more details on the recommendations of the Task Force and for the names of treated genera, see elsewhere in this Newsletter.
PROSEA 13: Spices
Coordinator: J.S. Siemonsma
A first draft of species to be treated has been made and a survey of candidate editors is taking place.
PROSEA 14: Vegetable oils and fats
Coordinator : E. Westphal
A survey of candidate editors is taking place.
PROSEA 15: Cryptogams
Editors: W.F. Prud'homme van Reine & Mien A. Rifai Coordinator: J.S. Siemonsma
About 100 manuscripts (out of 190) have been received and work is in full swing. Much work has still to be done. At this moment it is impossible to predict the approximate publication date.
PROSEA Bibliography 6 : Rattans
Editors: N. Wulijami-Soetjipto & Sarkat Danimihardja
The book was published in November 1995. ISBN 979-8316-25-8. It contains 87 pages with 514 references.
PROSEA Bibliography 7: Bamboos
Editors: N. Wulijami-Soetjipto & Sarkat Danimihardja .
The book is in press. It contains 89 pages with 506 references, and will be available for distribution in May 1996.
P.C.M. Jan sen & Sarkat Danimihardja
From some reviews
PROSEA 5(1): Timber trees: Major commercial timbers
'It constitutes the most comprehensive and informative source currently available, summarising our up-to-date knowledge in all aspects on commercially important timber trees of South-East Asia. A compendium like the PROSEA handbook is most welcome in a time where it becomes increasingly important for everyone in wood research to consider information of adjoining disciplines if new research activities are designed. Especially if this research contributes to the efforts to achieve a sustainable use of tropical forests'
'La recherche forestiere devrait etre accompagnee d'une recherche taxonomique mais la combinasion semble rarement realisee; c'est peut-etre pour cette raison que les deux tiers de I'ouvrage sont consacres au traitement des genres et de selection d'especes .... fournissant de precieuses informations'
'This admirable book provides extensive information on useful and potentially useful tropical forest trees of South-East Asia, including physical attributes and tree behavior, longevity, climatic factors, soils, chemical properties and different woods, and processes of drying'
'Anyone interested in diverse aspects of tropical trees and timbers from South-East Asia cannot find better and more comprehensive information at present. The editors and the many collaborating contributors are to be congratulated for having accomplished what is not only first-rate information but also should serve as a model for much needed similar work on trees and timbers from other regions and continents. All efforts to conserve and sustainably manage tropical forests depend on up-to-date knowledge of trees and forests' as quoted in the foreword. This is it'
'The forty-seven detailed generic treatments in this book have been compiled by an impressive list of authorities and appear to be accurate and up-to-date.... The PROSEA books have already proved to be a valuable and much consulted part of our library... we are convinced that they will be an invaluable tool in efforts to devise systems for sustainable management of plant resources'
' This very detailed book will be the first place to look for information on the important timber trees of the area. Although the volume reviewed is a beautifully produced and expensive hardback, there is a low-priced paperback edition available from Bogor for all developing countries'
PROSEA 5(2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers
'This subvolume, as was true of the first, is a major accomplishment, and should be a source of considerable pride to the PROSEA editors, sponsors, and contributors....it seems somehow only proper to congratulate and thank the editors, and wish them well with producing Vol. 5(3), Lesser-used timbers'
PROSEA 6: Rattans
'This is a useful addition to the growing literature on this important resource. The availability of a cheaper 'developing country' edition is most welcome.... The editors and editorial staff have done a marvellous job creating a uniform product from the contributions of so many
'The book does an excellent job of synthesizing what information is available on many rattans... The PROSEA books have already proved to be a valuable and much consulted part of our library .... we are convinced that they will be an invaluable tool in efforts to devise systems for sustainable management of plant resources'
'It is confusing that the literature is cited in three different ways... illustrations are kept to a minimum.... which is a pity.... The book is a must for professionals working with rattans and is highly recommended for anyone with even just a peripheral interest in this fascinating natural product. The editors and the authors are to be complimented'
PROSEA 7: Bamboos
'This is not a taxonomic work for identifying the bamboos... rather it is a complete compendium of all aspects of use, propagation, common names, and botany of....'useful' bamboos.... I recommend this reference book to anyone working on South-East Asian ethnobotany or agriculture and to many bamboo workers.... For the bamboo fancier or specialist, I think this volume should sit beside McClure's 1966 classic, The Bamboos: A Fresh Perspective, as the first place to check on a bamboo question'
PROSEA 8: Vegetables
'....you might think this is a work on plants exclusive to south-eastern Asia; you are wrong if you think that. Here is a book that covers your favorite species in both temperate and tropical climates. If the plant is not in this book, it is probably in one of the others in the series...The collection of PROSEA books will become the standard reference for years, supplementing and updating Purseglove's classical Tropical Crops.... the book is a pleasure to use and behold. I recommend the book heartily
Trees for Life
At the end of 1995 PROSEA Indonesia signed an agreement with the Manggala Wanabakti Forestry Centre of the Ministry of Forestry to publish a book in Indonesian entitled 'Pohon Kehidupan' (Trees for Life). Thirty eight scientists from seven institutions were invited to prepare manuscripts on species selected from the PROSEA Handbook volumes with some addition from other sources. The taxa were treated in the same manner, but briefly, as in the PROSEA Handbook, covering botanical description, uses, potential and yield, propagation, planting and harvesting, production and trade, ecology and conservation, pests and diseases, and prospects.
The book deals with tree species currently used but also promising species recommended to be cultivated by farmers, transmigrant communities and in general by communities living around forests.
Among the 30 species treated are : Agathis dammara (Lambert) Rich., Aleurites mollucana (L.) Willd., Anacardium occidentale L. Artocarpus altilis (Park.) Fosberg, Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk, Borassus flabellifer L., Cananga odorata (Lamk) Hook.f. & Thorns., Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn., Dryobalanops sumatrensis (J.F. Gmelin) Kosterm., Durio zibethinus Murr., Dyera costulata (Miq.) Hook f., Eucalyptus alba Reinw. ex Blume, Gnetum gnemon L., Lansium domesticum Correa, Macadam/a hildebrandii V.St., Melaleuca leucadendra (L.) L., Metroxylon sagu Rottboell, A/ypa fruticans Wurmb, Palaquium leiocarpum Boerl., Park/a speciosa Hassk., Pinus merkusii Jungh. & de Vriese, Pithecellobium jiringa Prain, Pometia pinnata J.R. & G. Foster, Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken, Shorea javanica Koord. & Valeton, Shorea spp., Styrax benzoin Dryander, Tamarindus indica L., Uncaria gambir (Hunter) Roxb.
This book is available at the PROSEA Indonesia Country Office, Bogor. ISBN 979-8316-66-5. Price : US$ 9.00.
Professor Doctor Haji Ishemat DIgulian Soerianegara Master of Science
On 26 December 1995 Prof. Ishemat Digulian Soerianegara passed away peacefully at his home at Jalan Rimba Mulya H/25 Bogor, Indonesia.
Ishemat was borne in Digul, Irian Jaya, on 4 April 1933. He was married to Koestarijati and had three children: Sri Ismawati, Tarunajaya and Indra Setia Dewi. He graduated in forestry from the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Indonesia, Bogor in 1961. He earned his MSc and PhD degrees in plant ecology from the University of Illinois, United States. From 1967-1976 he served as silviculturist and forest tree improvement specialist at the Forest Research Institute, Bogor. From 1976-1985 he was appointed Director of the SEAMEO Regional Centre for Tropical Biology in Bogor.
First as Lecturer and later as Professor he taught dendrology, forest ecology, tropical silviculture and forest tree improvement at the Bogor Agricultural University. He has presented papers to various national and international scientific meetings, and has served UNESCO and FAO as a consultant. He was one of the three creators of the Indonesian Selective Felling System (1973), and has laid the foundation for the environmental impact assessment of the forestry development programme.
In January 1990 Ishemat started his service for PROSEA as a member of the Task Force on the commodity group 'Timber Trees', together with Dr. Francis Ng from FRIM (Malaysia) and Mr. K.M. Kochummen, freelancer (Malaysia). Ishemat was appointed editor of PROSEA 5(1): 'Major commercial timbers' together with Dr. R.H.M.J. Lemmens (the Netherlands). He was editor of PROSEA 5(2): 'Minor commercial timbers', together with R.H.M.J. Lemmens (the Netherlands) and Mr. Wong Wing Chong (Malaysia). He was also appointed as editor of PROSEA 5(3): 'Lesser-known timbers'. Because of funding problems the work on the volume could not be started until April 1996. In December 1995 he passed away and could not see the start and the completion of the book. May PROSEA 5(3) be finished as he had envisioned.
The PROSEA family is deeply sorrowful with his sudden death. His students and colleagues will miss him as an astute member of the faculty.
May his bereaved family find strength facing this great grief.
May the younger generation of silviculturists and ecologists follow the exemplary achieve-ments of this great, but always low profiled scientist. May Professor Ishemat Soen'anegara rest in peace.
Workshop on Planting and Managing Urban Forest in Kuala Lumpur
The Workshop was organized by the PROSEA Malaysia Country Office together with the host institution, the Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), from 11-13 September 1995 in the Vistana Hotel, Kuala Lumpur. The objectives of the Workshop were :
Ten papers were presented and discussed during the Workshop, as follows :
The Workshop was opened by Dato' Dr. Salleh Mohd. Nor (Director General of FRIM) and
National Workshop on Dissemination of PROSEA Information in Hanoi
The Workshop was organized by the PROSEA Vietnam Country Office in cooperation with the IEBR (Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, National Centre for Natural Sciences and Technology) on 20 March 1996 in Hanoi.
The objective of the Workshop was to discuss problems in :
Eight papers were presented and discussed during the Workshop, as follows :
The most important recommen-dations of the Workshop are :
The Workshop was opened by Prof. Dang Huy Huynh and closed by Prof. Cao Van Sung (Director of IEBR).
Dzuong Due Huyen
Launching of Mga Nakakaing Prutas at Nuwes and Abstract Bibliography of Crop Science
In 1995, PROSEA Philippines Country Office published two books in cooperation with two organizations, government and private, namely the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) and the Crop Science Society of the Philippines (CSSP). The first book, a Tagalog version of PROSEA 2 'Edible fruits and nuts', entitled Mga Nakakaing Prutas at Nuwes was launched during the National Fruit Congress Exhibition '95 in Cagayan de Oro City. The theme of the Fruit Congress was 'Philippine fruits: Fresh approaches to production and global marketing'. The event was witnessed by no less than the President of the Philippines, Fidet V. Ramos and Secretary William G. Padolina of the Department of Science and Technology.
The second book entitled Abstract Bibliography of Crop Science Research for the last 25 years was launched during the 23rd PCARRD Anniversary, 9 November 1995. A copy was given to Secretary Roberto Sebastian of the Department of Agriculture.
The publication of the two books was conceptualized by the Crop Science Society of the Philippines to commemorate their 25 years of existence as a member of the scientific community.
Ma. Renelle F. Maligalig
Meeting of the PROSEA Task Force on Medicinal and Poisonous Plants
From 12-13 March 1996 a meeting of the Task Force on Medicinal and Poisonous Plants was organized at the Research and Development Centre for Biology-LIPI in Bogor, Indonesia. At the opening the members of the Task Force were welcomed by Dr.Junus Kartasubrata, Head of the PROSEA Network Office in the presence of Dr. Soetikno Wirjohatmodjo (Director, Research and Development Centre for Biology-LIPI), Prof. Soekiman Atmosoedaryo (member PROSEA Board of Trustees) and Prof. Dr. Sampurno Kadarsan (member PROSEA Board of Trustees). Prof. Dr. Aphlani Soegiarto (chairman PROSEA Board of Trustees) officially opened the meeting.
The Task Force consisting of Prof. L.S. de Padua (chair-woman, the Philippines), Dr. R.H.M.J. Lemmens (secretary, the Netherlands), Mrs. N. Wulijami-Soetjipto (Indonesia), Prof. Dr. Sjamsul Arifin Achmad (Indonesia), Prof. Dr. A. M. Latiff (Malaysia), Prof. Dr. P.P. Labadie (the Netherlands), Dr. Nuntavan Bunyapraphatsara (Thailand), Prof. Dr. Nguyen Tien Ban (Vietnam) and Dr. D.K. Holdsworth (United Kingdom) discussed in a pleasant atmosphere the set-up of PROSEA volume 12: 'Medicinal and poisonous plants'. A discussion paper for the meeting with practical proposals had been prepared by a small Preparatory Committee during a meeting held from 6-8 November 1995 in Wageningen, the Netherlands.
The most important recommendations which will be presented to the PROSEA Board of Trustees are:
The papers should be genus treatments instead of species treatments comparable to PROSEA 5: 'Timber trees'.
The Task Force agreed with the proposal made by the Head of the PROSEA Publication Office for the Board of Trustees on an editorial team for PROSEA 12. The team consists of:
Editors: Prof. L.S. de Padua (Medicinal plants, ;the Philippines), Dr. Nuntavan Bunyapraphatsara (Medicinal plants, Thailand), Dr. R.H.M.J. Lemmens (PROSEA Publication Office, the Netherlands)
Associate editors: Prof. Dr. Sjamsul Arifin Achmad (Chemist, Indonesia), Prof. Dr. A.M. Latiff (Medidnal plants, Malaysia), Dr. D.K. Holdsworth (Medidnal plants, Papua New Guinea & Borneo), Prof. Dr. Nguyen Tien Ban (Medicinal plants, Vietnam) and Prof. Dr. R.P. Labadie (Pharmacognosist, the Netherlands).
The work on PROSEA 12(1) will start with the invitation of authors, which is scheduled for May-June 1996. The identification of potential authors is a major task for the editors and the PROSEA country officers. Anyone interested to contribute as an author of PROSEA 12(1)
R.H.M.J. Lemmens & N. Wulijarni-Soetjipto
Who are the buyers of the PROSEA LPE books ?
The low-price edition (LPE) of the PROSEA Handbook volumes and the PROSEA Bibliography have been produced and sold for some time. A small study on the distribution of the LPE's indicated that there were 290 buyers purchasing the books from the Network Office in 1995.
One hundred twenty six buyers were from South-East Asian countries, and 159 from industrialized countries working in Indonesia in various development programmes such as JICA, Tropenbos, FAO, etc., and others from foreigners just visiting the Network Office. Of the remaining five buyers the country of origin could not be identified.
From the total of 988 copies sold in 1995, 245 copies or 24,1 were sold at meeting events, i.e. conferences, seminars, symposia and workshops. Some examples :
As a follow up of those meetings book orders were received from the respective participants and their colleagues.
A breakdown into commodities of the books sold gave the following picture (in the order from high to low) : Bamboos, Edible fruits and nuts, Major commercial timbers, a . Vegetables and Rattans. The sequence for the Bibliography was: a Forages, Major commercial timbers.
Setyati Harjadi & Irfan Afandi
Appeal for potential authors for PROSEA 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants
About 100 genera will be treated in the PROSEA volume 12(1). Anyone interested to contribute as an author is asked to notify the PROSEA Publication Office of his/her choice from the following list as soon as possible (preferably more than one genus).
Generalisted alphabetically by family name:
PROSEA Board of Trustees March 1996
Network Office South-East Asia
Dr. Junus Kartasubrata,
Indonesia Country Office
Malaysia Country Office
Papua New Guinea Country Office
Philippines Country Office
Thailand Country Office
Vietnam Country Office