Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston
Handb. Fl. Ceylon 4, Suppl.: 41 (1931).|
Synonyms Ailanthus malabarica DC. (1825), Ailanthus imberbiflora F. v. Mueller (1862), Ailanthus philippinensis Merr. (1906).
Vernacular names Indonesia: kayu langit (general), ki pahit, selangke (Java), kirontasi (Sulawesi). Philippines: malakamias (general), kalauag (Bikol). Burma (Myanmar): o-dein. Thailand: makkom (Chiang Mai), mayom-pa (central), mayom-hom (south-eastern). Vietnam: b[us]t, c[af]ng hom th[ow]m.
Distribution India, Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo (Sabah, East Kalimantan), Sulawesi, the Philippines, and northern Australia (Queensland and northern New South Wales). It is planted in the arid zones of Africa.
Uses The wood is used as white siris. The resin is used medicinally in India and as incense in India and Indo-China. The bark and leaves are renowned as a tonic, especially in debility after childbirth, possess febrifuge properties and are useful in dyspeptic complaints. In Vietnam, the leaves are used to dye silk black.
Observation A large tree up to 45 m tall, bole up to 75(-150) cm in diameter, bark surface greenish-brown with grey patches, dippled; leaves with 6-17(-30) entire leaflets of (5-)9-15(-26) cm long, covered with velvety hairs below and with many glands scattered over the lower surface; petals glabrous, carpels (2-)3(-4); fruit 4.5-8 cm long. Ailanthus triphysa is comparatively rare and occurs in evergreen and seasonal forests up to 600 m altitude. The density of the wood is about 435 kg/m³ at 12% moisture content. See also the table on wood properties.
Author: M.S.M. Sosef
Source of This Article:
Sosef, M.S.M., 1995. Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) AlstonIn: Lemmens, R.H.M.J., Soerianegara, I. and Wong, W.C. (Editors). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(2):Timber trees; Minor commercial timbers. Backhuys Publisher, Leiden, The Netherlands, pp. 58-59
Sosef, M.S.M., 1995. Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston[Internet] Record from Proseabase. Lemmens, R.H.M.J., Soerianegara, I. and Wong, W.C. (Editors).
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. http://www.proseanet.org.
Accessed from Internet: 12-May-2021