Hibiscus mutabilis L.
Sp. pl. 2: 694 (1753).|
Vernacular names Changeable rose, confederate rose (En). Rose changeante (Fr). Indonesia: waru landak (Javanese), saya ngali-ngali (Ternate). Malaysia: botan, mati laki mati bini, bunga waktu besar. Philippines: amapola, mapula (Tagalog). Thailand: phuttaan (central), dok saamsee, saam phiu (northern). Vietnam: ph[uf] dung, m[ooj]c li[ee]n.
Distribution Hibiscus mutabilis grows wild and is also cultivated in China. It is now widely cultivated in the tropics, including South-East Asia.
Uses The leaves and flowers of Hibiscus mutabilis are considered emollient and cooling, and are used on swellings and cutaneous infections. In decoction, they are a remedy for pulmonary complaints.
Observations An erect, robust shrub to small tree, 1.5—4 m tall, densely covered with greyish, stellate hairs; leaves orbicular to broadly ovate, 10—25 cm long, base cordate, apex pointed, mostly 5-lobed, lobes triangular, coarsely serrate-dentate, pubescent; bracteoles of epicalyx 7—10, linear, shorter than the calyx tube, calyx 3—4 cm long, with 5 oblong-ovate lobes, connate below, corolla large, 10—12 cm in diameter, petals 5—7 cm long, single or double, corolla white in the morning, with or without a purple centre, colouring red in the afternoon, stigma yellow or white; seed ovoid, pubescent, hairs 2—4 mm long. The single flowered pink type of Hibiscus mutabilis is wild in China; the double-flowered type is more common in cultivation.
Author: Undang A. Dasuki
Source of This Article:
Dasuki, U.A., 2001. Hibiscus mutabilis L.In: van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H. and Bunyapraphatsara, N. (Editors). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Backhuys Publisher, Leiden, The Netherlands, p. 301
Dasuki, U.A., 2001. Hibiscus mutabilis L.[Internet] Record from Proseabase. van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H. and Bunyapraphatsara, N. (Editors).
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. http://www.proseanet.org.
Accessed from Internet: 16-Oct-2019