Dichanthium annulatum (Forssk.) Stapf
Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 178 (1917).

GRAMINEAE

2n = 20 (diploid), 40 (tetraploid), 60 (hexaploid)

synonyms Andropogon annulatus Forssk. (1775).

Vernacular names Hindi grass, sheda grass (En). Philippines: alabang-grass. Thailand: ya hindi, ya waen. Vietnam: song tha'o to.

Origin and geographic distribution Dichanthium annulatum is a grass occurring in tropical and North Africa, through the Middle East to Malesia, southern China, and the Pacific Islands. It has been introduced to southern Africa, tropical America and Australia. In the Northern Hemisphere it is mainly found between latitudes 8° and 28°.

Uses An excellent and widely used fodder grass which is sought out by stock from a mixture of grasses and is preferred to all others. In India it is promising for grazing or hay-making after reseeding into degraded grassland.

Properties Nitrogen concentrations of Dichanthium annulatum range from 0.4—1.7%, depending on the stage of growth. It can support 7 sheep per ha in India. It gives a good 'standing hay'.

Ecology Dichanthium annulatum is adapted to the drier areas of the tropical and subtropical zones. It does not thrive in waterlogged places nor in shady environments, but is tolerant of grazing, burning and saline soils.

Prospects Dichanthium annulatum will have a place in grazing lands in drier areas. It is a promising species as it is drought-tolerant, persistent and resistant to heavy grazing. The prospects of selecting leafy strains could be investigated.

Literature:
  • Gilliland, H.B., Holttum, R.E. & Bor, N.L., 1971. Grasses of Malaya. In: Burkill, H.M. (Editor): Flora of Malaya. Vol 3. Government Printing Office, Singapore. pp. 282-286.
  • Häfliger, E. & Scholz, H., 1980. Grass weeds 1. Ciba-Geigy Ltd., Basel, Switzerland. p. 39.
  • Holm, J., 1971. Feeding tables. Nutrition Laboratory of Thai-German Dairy Project, Livestock Breeding Station, Chiangmai, Thailand. p. 25.
  • Skerman, P.J. & Riveros, F., 1990. Tropical grasses. FAO, Rome. pp. 328-332.


Author: C. Manidool

Source of This Article:
Manidool, C., 1992. Dichanthium annulatum (Forssk.) StapfIn: Mannetje, L.'t and Jones, R.M. (Editors). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 4: Forages. Pudoc, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 118-119

Recommended Citation:
Manidool, C., 1992. Dichanthium annulatum (Forssk.) Stapf[Internet] Record from Proseabase. Mannetje, L.'t and Jones, R.M. (Editors).
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. http://www.proseanet.org.
Accessed from Internet: 18-Aug-2019

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