Rubus L.
Sp. Pl. 1: 492 (1753); Gen. Pl.: 864 (1754).


x = 7

Vernacular names General: blackberry, raspberry (En). Muron, framboise (Fr).|- Rubus chrysophyllus: Indonesia: kupi-kupi, pingat (Sumatra), grunggung kepok (Java).|- Rubus fraxinifolius: Indonesia: beberetean (Sundanese), kecalingan (Java), jalanggara (Moluccas). Malaysia: ragimot (Sabah). Papua New Guinea: pising (Bougainville). Philippines: pinit (Ifugao), balinana (Mangalay). Vietnam: cy tu lui.|- Rubus megacarpus: Papua New Guinea: bilkanamail.|- Rubus niveus: Indonesia: kala kucet (Java), conco poco (Flores), sakanati nono (Timor). Philippines: pilai (Tagalog). Laos: mak thou. Vietnam: ngy tuyt.|- Rubus pectinellus: Philippines: apukid (Bontok), bagalbalan (Bagobo), bana (Igorot).|- Rubus rosifolius: Indonesia: bereretean (Java), gunggung (Bali), sabit (Kalimantan). Philippines: init (Iloko), lagiauat (Lanao), ragini (Bikol). Vietnam: ngy hong.

Origin and geographic distribution This large, almost cosmopolitan genus has about 50 native species in South-East Asia and Australia.|- Rubus chrysophyllus occurs in Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Lombok).|- Rubus fraxinifolius occurs in Indonesia (not in Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah), the Philippines, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.|- Rubus megacarpus is only known from Mount Wilhelm in Papua New Guinea.|- Rubus niveus is widely distributed in the Himalayan region, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi) and the Philippines (Luzon). It is introduced and naturalized in Peninsular Malaysia and in southern and East Africa. It is cultivated in the United States (Florida: Mysore raspberry).|- Rubus pectinellus occurs in southern China, Taiwan, Japan and the Philippines.|- Rubus rosifolius occurs in India, Cambodia, Vietnam, Taiwan, Malesia (not in Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra) and in Australia. It is introduced and naturalized in Africa and in parts of America.

Uses Some species provide table fruits and fruits for jams and conserves in many temperate countries. In South-East Asia they are only locally grown for that purpose. The fruits are also locally collected from the wild as a luxury food. The pulp of some species (e.g. Rubus niveus) is considered a good local source of sugars. Rubus chrysophyllus is considered the choicest species of Indonesia, Rubus pectinellus of the Philippines. The fruits of Rubus fraxinifolius, Rubus megacarpus and Rubus rosifolius are sweet but without much taste. For several common species, local medicinal of roots and leaves are reported against dysentery, cough and thrush, fever, urinary troubles and abdominal pains.

Ecology Most species from tropical South-East Asia grow at higher altitudes, generally above 1000 m. They are typically plants of open sunny places, sometimes in light shade. Consequently, they are common in man-made habitats: roadsides, burnt grassland and shrubberies. Altitudinal ranges for the different species are: Rubus chrysophyllus 1000-3000 m, Rubus fraxinifolius 0-2500 m, Rubus megacarpus 3500-3750 m, Rubus niveus 1000-3000 m, Rubus pectinellus 750-2750 m, Rubus rosifolius 0-2000 m.

Propagation and planting Vegetative propagation is by root suckers (stolons).

Prospects Rubus rosifolius is sometimes grown as an ornamental and is obviously suitable for cultivation. It might perhaps be improved. It has yet to be established whether hybridization between Rubus rosifolius and Rubus idaeus is possible in order to improve the juiciness and taste of the rather insipid fruits. Some other species (e.g. Rubus chrysophyllus) are also interesting, but it may not be easy to control the rampant growth.

  • Kalkman, C., 1984. The genus Rubus (Rosaceae) in Malesia. 2. The subgenus Malachobatus. Blumea 29: 319-386.
  • Kalkman, C., 1987. The genus Rubus (Rosaceae) in Malesia. 3. The subgenus Micranthobatus. Blumea 32: 323-341.
  • Zandee, M. & Kalkman, C., 1981. The genus Rubus (Rosaceae) in Malesia. 1. Subgenera Chamaebatus and Idaeobatus. Blumea 27: 75-113.

Author: C. Kalkman

Source of This Article:
Kalkman, C., 1991. Rubus L.In: Verheij, E.W.M. and Coronel, R.E. (Editors). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 2: Edible fruits and nuts. Pudoc, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 277-278

Recommended Citation:
Kalkman, C., 1991. Rubus L.[Internet] Record from Proseabase. Verheij, E.W.M. and Coronel, R.E. (Editors).
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Accessed from Internet: 16-Jan-2021