Caesalpinia sappan L
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NO. 66946

Medicinal plants in relation to sustainable rainforest ecology in Indonesia


Hamid, A; Sitepu, D
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Industrial Crops Research Journal 5 (2): 28-36 (1993)

Abstract:
A rainforest as a unit of natural ecology is a tremendous asset for Indonesia and the world as well, since it provides a great number of useful plant species. A group of medicinal plants is one of the plant groups in the system having very important role for the rural society as well as for the industrial sector. The "still uncontrolled" collection of many species from the system has resulted in serious problems of genetic and soil erosions. Many of the utilized species are difficult to cultivate using conventional methods, partly because they are only limited to their natural habitats. Almost all medicinal tree plants in the rainforests provide not only beneficial drug, essential oil and condiment components, but also high quality of timbers. Several shrubs or herbs in the system can also be used for medicinal home industries, etc. Well planned and integrated approach should be implemented to improve the future ecology of the rainforests. The approach would involve coordination among members of the rural society and the government to obtain high quality of products as well as to prevent the indiscriminate cuttings or harvestings of medicinal plants.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 105282

Spatial distribution of trees as long-tailed macaque food resource in the teak plantation forest of Pasarsore Forest Subdistrict, Cepu Forest District
Distribusi spasial pohon pakan kera ekor panjang di Hutan Tanaman Jati BKPH Pasarsore KPH Cepu

Trihadiyanto, B
Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta, Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; 1994; 60p

Abstract:
Spatial distribution of trees as long-tailed macaque food resource in teak plantation forest of Pasarsore Forest Subdistrict, Cepu Forest District, Central Java, was analysed using Poisson method. The teak forest was grouped into four subsystems namely young, middle-aged, old teak plantations and gallery forest. It was revealed that at least 15 tree species were found in the teak plantation, including Butea monosperma, Caesalpinia sappan, Senna siamea, Eugenia monoliifolia, Ficus benjamina, Ficus racemosa, Grewia eriocarpa, Lepisanthes rubiginosa, Leucaena leucocephala, Macaranga gigantea, Samanea saman, Schleichera oleosa. Syzygium cumini, Syzygium polyanthum and Syzygium pycnanthum. In young teak plantation, Caesalpinia sappan was found in clumps, while species with a random distribution consisted of Butea monosperma, Senna siamea, Eugenia monoliifolia, Lepisanthes rubiginosa, Schleichera oleosa, Syzygium cumini, Syzygium polyanthum, and Syzygium pycnanthum. In the middle-aged teak stand Butea monosperma, Eugenia monoliifolia, Macaranga gigantea, Syzygium polyanthum and Syzygium pycnanthum were found in clumps; while Senna siamea, Ficus benjamina, Ficus racemosa, Lepisanthes rubiginosa, Schleichera oleosa, and Syzygium cumini were randomly distributed. In old steak stand a clumped distribution was showed by Butea monosperma, Caesalpinia sappan, Leucaena leucocephala, Syzygium cumini, Syzygium polyanthum, and Syzygium pycnanthum. Random distribution was exhibited by Senna siamea, Eugenia monoliifolia, Ficus benjamina, Ficus racemosa, Lepisanthes rubiginosa, Macaranga gigantea, Samanea saman, Schleichera oleosa. In gallery forest Leucaena leococephala, Syzygium polyanthum and Syzygium pycnanthum were found in clumps, while Butea monosperma, Senna siamea, Eugenia monoliifolia, Ficus benjamina, Ficus racemosa, Grewia eriocarpa, Lepisanthes rubiginosa, Schleichera oleosa and Syzygium cumini were randomly distributed.

Availability :
Faculty of Forestry Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 70714

Some precious and unique medicinal plants which should be protected in Vietnam
Mot so loai thuc vat lam thuoc qui hiem can bao ve o Vietnam

Nguyen Tap
Institute of Materia Medica, Hanoi, Vietnam

Tap chi Sinh vat [Journal of Biology] 6 (3): 16-19 (1984)

Abstract:
A preliminary collection of 34 medicinal plant species in nature was presented. The species belong to 17 families. Among them 15 species had been exploited in great numbers so that their distribution had been restricted; 19 other species were worth for developing.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 92843

Regional assessment and collection of available dye-yielding plants in the Philippines


Ella, AB
Philippine Technology Journal 20 (2): 39-58 (1995)

Abstract:
Dye-yielding in seven geographical regions of the Philippines (5 in Luzon, 1 in the Visayas, and 1 in Mindanao) were: Identified, collected and documented. People engaged in dye extraction, proprietors of small scale industries, handicrafts, handloom weavers in the Ilocos Region and the Cordillera Autonomous Region fans and mats weavers in Region IV, abaca weavers in Region V, and fashion accessories and costume jewellery makers in Region VII Cebu were interviewed. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Library,
Email: pcarrd@pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 70479

Investigation on womb pulsate and endocrinal action of 'Huyet du - To moc - Co xuoc'
Nghien cuu tac dung co bop tu cung va noi tiet cua Huyet du - To moc - Co xuoc

Doan Thi Nhu; Vu Thi Tam
Institute of Materia Medica, Hanoi, Vietnam

Thong bao Duoc lieu [Bulletin of Materia Medica] (23): 18-19 (1974)

Abstract:
Glues from Cordyline fruticosa, Caesalpinia sappan and Achyranthes aspera have womb pulsate activity and affect oestrus. Glue from Cordyline terminalis has anti-oestrogen action, glue from Caesalpinia sappan has antigonadotrophin action.

Availability :
Institute of Materia Medica, Library




NO. 68974

Study on the application of components for controlling wild pigs
Uji terapan komponen pengendalian babi hutan

Rachman; Suwalan, S; Djuhani; Soejitno, J
Bogor Research Institute for Food Crops (BORIF), Bogor, Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian [Research Bulletin] (6): 69-76 (1993)

Abstract:
The major problem of pests in the transmigration areas was particularly wild pigs and rats. These animals may caused severe damage to various crops. Study on the component of controlling wild pigs was carried out at the transmigration area, Karang Agung Ulu tidal swamps during the period of October 1989 to February 1990. The control techniques tested were poisoned bait, local-made trap lapon and 'jerat kawat', trap hole and fencing. Poisoned bait had a good result in killing the pigs. Since poisoned bait might give a negative impact which caused a secondary hazard to human and to non target animals, so far pigs control using the poison were prohibited. Hunting pigs using lapon spiral trap, local-made pig trap, was the most succesful to capture pigs. Construction of a pig fencing with 'gelam' tree trunk could protect the crops from the pig violence, however this construction need expensive budget that the transmigrant farmers could not afford. A spiny bamboo (Bambosa bambos) or 'secang' (Caesalpinia sapan) trees could be used as life fence. From all of the methods, lapon spiral trap and local made trap can be recommended as tools for controlling wild pigs. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication
Email: pustaka@calrec-aard.wasantara.net.id




NO. 51511

Isolation and identification of compounds from Caesalpinia sappan L. and their activities as scavengers of superoxide radicals and inhibitors of xanthin oxidase


Safitri, R; Rumampuk, RJ; Freisleben, HJ; Tarigan, P
FMIPA, Universitas Padjadjaran; Bandung, Indonesia

Proceedings International Seminar on Natural Products Chemistry and Utilization of Natural Resources, June 5 – 7, 2001, Universitas Indonesia, Depok Indonesia; Kosela, S et al. (eds); Depok, Universitas Indonesia, 2001; p 433-439.

Abstract:
The in vitro scavenging activity of compounds isolated from the bark of Caesalpinia sappan (secang) on chemically generated superoxide radicals and the inhibitory effect on the enzyme xanthine oxidase were studied. The isolates were identified as brazilin, brazilin isomer, a biflavonoid, as 1', 4'-dihydro-spiro[benzofuran-3(2H), 3'-[3H-2]benzopyran]-1' 6', 6', 7'-tetrol, and as 3-[[4, 5dihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl] methyl]-2, 3-dihydro-3, 6-benzofurandiol by their 13C and 1H NMR data. All the compounds examined showed a remarkably high activity on chemically generated superoxide radicals exceeding the activity of the well known antioxidants such as ALFA-tocopherol, BETA-carotene and butylhydroxylated toluene (BHT) except for ascorbic acid. Furthermore, the compounds showed inhibitory effects on xanthine oxidase. Brazilin, 3-[[4, 5dihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]methyl]-2, 3-dihydro-3, 6-benzofurandiol and 1', 4'-dihydrospiro[benzofuran-3(2H), 3'-[3H-2]benzopyran]-1', 6', 6', 7'-tetrol exhibited highest activities among the isolates and also higher activities than the above mentioned standard antioxidants. Radical scavenging and antioxidant activity can be explained by the presence of phenolic hydroxyl groups as hydrogen (proton plus electron) donors in all investigated isolates.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 70508

The action of 'To moc' wood on the separation of cell (experimental object is Allium)
Tac dung cua go To moc tren su phan bao (Trac nghiem allium)

Nguyen Thi Lau
College of Medicine and Pharmacy of Hochiminh city; Vietnam

Tap chi Duoc hoc [Journal of Pharmacy] (1): 18-21 (1979)

Abstract:
The decoction of 'To moc' (Caesalpinia sappan) in low concentration reduces the meiotic division and more or less prevents the dividing period of cell wall. In high concentration this 'To moc' decoction affects clearly the activity of achromatic shuttle. There are often metaphases which form many doubled-nuclei cells.

Availability :
National Information and Documentation Center for Science and Technology, Library




NO. 101996

Ethnobotany of Caesalpinia (Fabaceae) as a medicinal plant: An effort of its conservation in Bogor Botanic Gardens
Etnobotani Caesalpinia (Fabaceae) sebagai tanaman obat: Usaha konservasinya di Kebun Raya Bogor

Astuti, IP
Technical Executing Unit of Institute for the Development of Botanical Gardens, LIPI, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Buku 1; Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; p 121-127

Abstract:
A study on the ethnobotany of Caesalpinia as a medicinal plant was carried out based upon observation of its use by people, literature studies and herbarium sheets. The observation was carried out in Bogor from April to August 1993 and from March to November 1994. The result shows that Caesalpinia is relatively rarely used for medicine in Bogor. The use of Caesalpinia as a medicinal plant is discussed in this paper.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 71050

Some medicinal plants should be protected
Mot so cay thuoc can bao ve

Nguyen Tap
Tap chi Duoc hoc [Journal of Pharmacy] 169 (3): 7-9 (1986)

Abstract:
A total of 46 species of medicinal plants were found in Sapa, Sinho, Dong Van, Hanoi, Ha Son Binh, and Cao Bang (Vietnam). These medicinal plants can be destroyed by human activities.

Availability :
Library of Institute Materia Medica; Hanoi; Vietnam




NO. 73350

Caesalpinia sappan
Cay to moc

Nguyen Duc Minh
Thuoc chua benh nhiem khuan tu cay co trong nuoc [Medicinal plants for treating bacterial diseases]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1995; p 218-223

Abstract:
Sappan wood (Caesalpinia sappan) is cultivated and naturalized everywhere in Vietnam. It can be used to treat a bellyache, pimples and illness following childbirth. The results of a study on anti-biological capacity showed that it can affect many bacteria such as Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus anthracis, Clostridium tetani, etc. The results of a clinical study are presented.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 73513

Caesalpinia sappan
To moc

Vu Xuan Quang
Nhung cay thuoc nam chua mot so benh viem nhiem [Plants used to treat some infected inflamed diseases]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1993; p 143-145

Abstract:
Caesalpinia sappan affects many bacteria such as Bacterium subtilis, Bacterium anthracis, Bacterium pyocyaneum, Ballerup lille, Clostridium. It can be used to treat illness following childbirth, diarrhoea, dysentery, and wound.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 104765

Physical and chemical treatments to eliminate seed hardness of sappan wood
Perlakuan fisik dan kimia untuk menghilangkan kekerasan benih secang

Rusmin, D; Hasanah, M
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 8 (2): 100-108 (1993)

Abstract:
An experiment to eliminate seed hardness of sappan wood (Caesalpinia sappan) was conducted at Physiology Laboratory of the Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops, from September 1993 to January 1994. The experiment was carried out on 3 steps. The first step was seed cracking, consisting of 6 treatments (drying-soaking-drying, soaking-drying-soaking, drying for 3 days, scarification and scarification + KNO3 0.2%). The results indicated that soaking-drying-soaking treatment, scarification and scarification + KNO3 0.2% produced the highest germination percentage and seed vigour although they were not significantly different from the control. The second step was softening seed coat by using 2 seed lots (0 month and 2 months) in 28 °C damp substrate, soaking in 50, 60, 70 and 80 °C water with 3 replications. Interaction effect between 0 month seed and soaking in 50 and 60 °C produced the highest germination percentage. The third experiment consisted of 5 treatments (control, peeled seed, soaking intact seed in 28 °C water for 24, 48 and 72 hours). By removing seed coat, the seeds were able to reach the highest percentage of germination.

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 104766

Effects of maturity level on seed viability of sappanwood
Pengaruh tingkat kemasakan terhadap viabilitas benih secang

Hasanah, M; Rusmin, D
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 8 (2): 94-99 (1993)

Abstract:
A study on Caesalpinia sappan seed germination was conducted at the Physiology Laboratory of the Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops, in August 1993. This study was conducted in 2 stages. The first stage was a preliminary study to evaluate the effect of seed maturity on germination. In this step 2 kinds of seed coat colours, brown and yellowish green were tested. The second step was conducted to evaluate the effect of seed maturity and several treatments on potential seed viability and vigour. The experiment was arranged factorially in a Completely Randomized Design with 4 replications. The first factor was seed maturity, indicating by seed coat colour: a) dark brown, b) light brown and c) yellowish green. The second factor was treatments to enhance germination percentage. These were p) control, q) immersing seed in 80 °C water for 30 minutes, r) immersing in KNO3 solution for 30 minutes, and s) removing the micropyle plug. Result of the first step indicated that the yellowish green seed coat was the best criteria to harvest, while the second step indicated that interaction between the yellowish green seed coat and KNO3 treatment gave the highest seed viability and vigour.

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 108566

The effects of plastic cover's colour and foliar fertilizer concentrations on the growth of sappanwood seedlings in the nursery
Pengaruh warna sungkup plastik dan konsentrasi pupuk daun terhadap pertumbuhan secang di pembibitan

Emmyzar; Hermanto
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Nasional I Tumbuhan Obat dan Aromatik [Proceedings of the 1st National Symposium on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants], Bogor, 10-12 Oktober 1995; Gandawidjaja, D et al. (eds); Bogor, Simpul Nasional APINMAP Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI & Unesco, 1996; p 422-426

Abstract:
Efforts to stimulate the growth of 'secang' (Caesalpinia sappan) seedlings were made through combination treatments of different colours of plastic cover and different concentrations of foliar fertilizer. The research conducted at Cimanggu Research Instalation, Bogor, from May to September 1995. The tested seedlings were of one month old. The experiment was laid out factorially following a Randomized Block Design with three replications. The factor consisted of three colours of plastic cover, i.e. white (S1), red (S2) and blue (S3). The second factor consisted of three concentrations of foliar fertilizer GM-50, i.e. 0 ppm (P1), 2500 ppm (P2) and 5000 ppm (P3). The observed prameters were height of seedlings, length of shoots, number of leaves and number of shoots. The results indicated that blue plastic cover (S3) gave the best effect for all parameters being observed the statistically number of nodes was highly affected by the application of foliar fertilizer concentrations of 2500 ppm (P2) and 5000 ppm (P3), however, the number of leaves tended to be the highest at 2500 ppm (P2) than at any other concentrations. Interaction of both factors gave significant effects on all parameters and it was suggested to use blue plastic cover with foliar fertilizer at a concentration of 2500 ppm (S3, P2). (Modified authors abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 45

Soga and other plant species used in the batik industry
Soga dan jenis tumbuhan lain yang dipakai dalam pembatikan

Sangat, HM
National Biological Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Kebun Raya [Bulletin of the Botanical Gardens] 3(2): 53-57(1977)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3277

Demonstration of forest intercropping for reforestation and the production of food crops (Case analysis of intercropping in Cepu Forest District)
Peragaan tumpangsari hutan dalam peremajaan hutan dan penghasil pangan (Analisis kasus tumpangsari di KPH Cepu)

Pakpahan, A; Irawan, B; Hendiarto
Centre for Research in Agro-Economy; Jakarta; Indonesia

Forum Penelitian Agro-Ekonomi [Agro-Economy Research Forum] 1(2): 19-36(1983)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 34146

A study on the use of the leaves, barks and roots of some local plants in dyeing saguran


Anunciado, PP
BSc thesis; Aborlan; Palawan National Agricultural College; 1974; 28p

Availability :
Library; Palawan National Agricultural College; Aborlan; Philippines




NO. 15716

A preliminary study of antidiarrheoal plants; 1. Antibacterial activity


Gritsanapan, W; Chulasiri, M
Thai Abstracts: Science and Technology 13: 31 (1988)

Abstract:
In the study of the extracts from 38 samples of 35 reported antidiarrheoal plants which belong to 22 families against 8 tested bacteria isolated from the stools of patients with infective diarrheoa, 15 plants (16 samples) showed antidiarrheoal activity. These plants included Lawsonia inermis, Camellia sinensis, Punica granatum, Psidium guajava, Pithecellobium dulce, Jatropha multifida, Annona squamosa, Bridelia ovata, Shorea roxburghii, Cassia fistula, Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia chebula, Alangium salviifolium, Caesalpinia sappan, and other species of Terminalia. However, no extract from these plants was able to inhibit all tested bacteria.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 78378

Caesalpinia sappan L.
To moc

Le Tran Duc
Cay thuoc Viet Nam: Trong, hai, che bien va tri benh ban dau [Medicinal plants of Vietnam: planting, harvesting, processing and treating diseases] Agricultural Pub. House. Hanoi, 1999. p. 820-821

Abstract:
Caesalpinia sappan grows wildly in mountainous regions, mostly in West-North. It's also cultivated for medicinal purpose. It's propagated by seeds in spring. The wood can be used as medicine which can treat a belly-ache caused by mensis, a dysentery with blood, a diarrhoea.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam