Derris Lour
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NO. 50286

Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(1). Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.


de Padua, LS (ed); Bunyapraphatsara, N (ed); Lemmens, RHMJ (ed)
University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna; the Philippines

Low-price, paperback edition; Bogor; PROSEA Foundation; 1999; 711 p

Abstract:
This first of the three volumes on the medicinal and poisonous plants of South-East Asia deals with the better-known species and genera. Many people in this region depend on plants for their primary health care and as pesticides. Interest in medicinal and poisonous plants is increasing because it is recognized that plants are still a vast source of novel chemical compounds, that traditional systems of medicine are good starting points for drug development, that synthetic drugs often produce serious side-effects, and that pesticides of plant origin are usually environmentally benign. This volume gives up-to-date information on all aspects of the plants, and, where possible, couples traditional uses with recent scientific findings. The volume covers about 330 species, including aloe, coca, derris, garlic, hemp, Java tea, Madagascar periwinkle, poppy, quinine, snakewood, turmeric, wormseed, and wormwood. The introductory chapter deals with general aspects of medicinal and poisonous plants. A glossary is included to explain the terms used. Four indexes, of compounds, pharmaceutical terms, scientific and vernacular plant names, are provided.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 50404

Derris Lour.


Hamid, A
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No 4 (Dulu Jl. Cimanggu No. 1-B), Bogor 16114, Indonesia

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1; de Padua, L.S., Bunyaprapatsara, N & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 234-242

Abstract:
A brief information on Derris , reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50405

Derris elegans Graham ex Benth.


Hamid, A
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No 4 (Dulu Jl. Cimanggu No. 1-B), Bogor 16114, Indonesia

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1; de Padua, L.S., Bunyaprapatsara, N & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 240

Abstract:
A comprehensive knowledge on Derris elegans , reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50406

Derris elliptica (Wallich) Benth.


Hamid, A
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No 4 (Dulu Jl. Cimanggu No. 1-B), Bogor 16114, Indonesia

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1; de Padua, L.S., Bunyaprapatsara, N & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 240-241

Abstract:
A comprehensive knowledge on Derris elliptica , reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50407

Derris malaccensis (Benth.) Prain


Hamid, A
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No 4 (Dulu Jl. Cimanggu No. 1-B), Bogor 16114, Indonesia

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1; de Padua, L.S., Bunyaprapatsara, N & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 241

Abstract:
A comprehensive knowledge on Derris malaccensis (Synonyms: Deguelia malaccensis), reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50408

Derris robusta (Roxb. ex DC.) Benth.


Hamid, A
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No 4 (Dulu Jl. Cimanggu No. 1-B), Bogor 16114, Indonesia

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1; de Padua, L.S., Bunyaprapatsara, N & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 241

Abstract:
A comprehensive knowledge on Derris robusta (Synonyms: Derris polyphylla, Brachypterum robustum), reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50409

Derris scandens (Roxb.) Benth.


Hamid, A
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No 4 (Dulu Jl. Cimanggu No. 1-B), Bogor 16114, Indonesia

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1; de Padua, L.S., Bunyaprapatsara, N & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 241

Abstract:
A comprehensive knowledge on Derris scandens (Synonyms: Brachypterum scandens), reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50410

Derris trifoliata Lour.


Hamid, A
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No 4 (Dulu Jl. Cimanggu No. 1-B), Bogor 16114, Indonesia

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1; de Padua, L.S., Bunyaprapatsara, N & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 241-242

Abstract:
A comprehensive knowledge on Derris trifoliata (Synonyms: Derris uliginosa, Derris heterophylla), reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 14321

Some medicinal plants preventing Hellula undalis in broccoli
Kan pong kan kam chat non cho yot kalam tham lai broccoli doi samun phrai bang chanit

Sothikun, A
Lampang Agricultural Research & Training Institute, Lampang, Thailand

Warasan Kita Lae Sattawawithaya [Journal of Entomology and Zoology] 15 (2): 86-92 (1993)

Abstract:
A mixture of constituents of (Azadirachta indica + Alpinia galanga + Cymbopogon nardus) showed the most effective against Helluta undalis. The next in rank of effectiveness contitutents were neemix, Derris elliptica, Ocimum tenuiflorum and (Azadirachta indica + Senna siamea).

Availability :
Thailand National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 71978

Some preliminary results of study on the toxins of plants to control insects
Mot so ket qua buoc dau nghien cuu nhung cay co doc tinh tru sau

Duy Trang
Thong tin Bao ve Thuc vat [Plant Protection Bulletin] (5): 5-6 (1990)

Abstract:
A study on the toxins of plants for controlling insects has been carried out in the Plant Protection Institute. Some preliminary results showed that: toxins have been found 36 species, which can be used to contol insects. The toxin of Derris sp. and Pachyrhizus erosus can kill 90% Plutella maculipennis and Tawania circumdata. Futher studies on the production of the toxins are needed.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 66881

Traditional knowledge on poisonous plants in Indonesia
Pengetahuan tradisional tumbuhan racun di Indonesia

Hamid, A; Nuryani, Y
Balittro; Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 Februari 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 72-77

Abstract:
There are about 50 families of poisonous plants recorded in Indonesia, while approximatelly 150 other families have not yet been reported. The poison of each plant species has special use, such as for insecticide, fish poison, arrowhead and blowpipe poisons, poison for pests and even dangerous for humans. Some species belong to the groups of medicinal, oil, food and fruit plants, green manures and fungi. The poison may be concentrated in certain part of the plant and their uses are provided by single species or combination of some species. The poison effects are also discussed in this paper.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 67668

Tests of root extract of Derris heterophylla (Willd.) Backer ex Heyne to increase wood durability
Pengujian ekstrak akar Derris heterophylla (Miq.) Valeton untuk meningkatkan ketahanan kayu

Subowo, YB; Kasim, E
Research and Development Centre for Biology, Bogor, Indonesia

Buletin Kebun Raya [Botanical Gardens of Indonesia Bulletin] 7 (3): 79-83 (1992)

Abstract:
Increased durability of wood has been tested using the root extract of Derris trifoliata (synonym: Derris heterophylla). Blocks of Pinus merkusii, Maesopsis eminii and Albizia falcataria measuring 2 cm x 0.5 cm x 0.5 cm have been soaked in 10% Derris extract for one month. The test fungi are Schizophyllum commune, Coriolus versicolor and Chaetomium sp. The result shows that the 10% Derris extract has increased the durability of woods.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 20023

Identification of rotenone in fish poisoned by Derris root resin


Sinnappa, S; Chang, ET
Department of Chemistry, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia

The Malaysian Agricultural Journal 48 (1): 20-24 (1971)

Abstract:
A method of extracting and identifying rotenone in fish poisoned by derris root resin is described. Acetone was used for extraction and thin-layer chromatography was used for detection of rotenone, the active constituent of derris root resin. The identification of rotenone was supplemented with comparison studies of the alkaline hydrolysis products of the extract from fish and that of rotenone by thin-layer chromotography in order to make it conclusive.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Email: philip@frim.gov.my




NO. 15605

Pharmacognostic study of Derris scandens Benth.


Maunwongyathi, P; Supatwanich, P
Thai Abstracts Science and Technology 11: 22 (1986)

Abstract:
A pharmacognostic study of Derris scandens (thaowan priang), obtained from four different Thai-drugstores in Bangkok, was performed in comparison with an authentic specimen. The macroscopic and microscopic descriptions of the drug were reported together with the chemical composition. Comparison of the aged drug and the young drug showed that the types of the tissue were nearly the same but the sizes and numbers were different.

Availability :
Thailand National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 106571

Tuba root
Akar tuba

Ajijah, N; Martono, B
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Issue of Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 11 (1): 46-53 (1995)

Abstract:
There are about 70-80 species in the genus Derris. Four of them are reported to have insecticide activities, those are Derris elliptica, Derris ferruginea, Derris malaccensis and Derris trifoliata. Derris elliptica is the most widely cultivated and commonly used as fish poison. Indonesia is one of the centres of distribution area of Derris. However, investigation and utilization was very limited. It is important to collect, conserve, evaluate and utilize Derris germplasm in Indonesia mainly to get a good cultivar of Derris.

Availability :
Institute for Information Resources, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 110729

Search for natural pesticides: potential of higher plant extracts as bactericide
Pencarian pestisida alami: potensi ekstrak tumbuhan tingkat tinggi sebagai bakterisida

Sudarma, IM
Faculty of Agriculture, Mataram University; Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

Agroteksos 7 (4): 273-278 (1998)

Abstract:
A research was conducted to find natural pesticides, particularly a bactericide from extracts of higher plants. Plants involved in this screening were chosen and treated empirically and ethnobotanically. These plants were extracted with dichloromethane, methanol and water, respectively. The extracts were tested against the growth of Bacillus sp. Thirty plants were screened and only 6 of them were potentially inhibiting the growth of Bacillus sp., i.e. delima (Punica granatum), tuba (Derris elliptica), kesambi (Schleichera oleosa ), srikaya (Annona squamosa), juwet (Syzygium cumini, synonym: Eugenia cumini), and kelor (Moringa oleifera).

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 101994

Knowledge and utilization of medicinal plants in Apauping village and its surroundings, Pujungan subdistrict, East Kalimantan
Pengetahuan dan pemanfaatan tumbuhan obat di desa Apauping dan sekitarnya, Kecamatan Pujungan, Kalimantan Timur

Susiarti, S
Research and Development Institute for Botany, LIPI, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 1; p 103-112

Abstract:
Knowledge and usage of medicinal plants by Dayak Kenyah in Apauping village have never been reported previously. Therefore, a research was conducted in Apauping village and surrounding, Pujungan subdistrict, East Kalimantan Province by interview and observation methods of 30 out of 53 families in the village. Results indicated that there were 92 species of plants belonging to 86 genera and 45 families used for this purpose. They were used for about 45 kinds of diseases such as skin diseases, fever, toothache and stomach-ache.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 102728

Identification of important weed species in the industrial plantation forest at Benakat, South Sumatra
Pengenalan jenis gulma penting pada hutan tanaman industri (HTI) di Benakat, Sumatera Selatan

Pratiwi; Nazif, M
Buletin Penelitian Hutan [Forest Research Buletin] (574): 55-67 (1995)

Abstract:
This report deals with the description of ten weed species commonly growing in industrial forest plantations. Weeds were collected from the reforestation trial area at Benakat, South Sumatra, in October 1988. Weed identification is important for the selection of proper weed control techniques. In this report are presented the latin as well as the local names and the botanical characteristics of each of the ten weed species, namely Clibadium surinamense, Derris elliptica, Austroeupatorium inulifolium (synonym Eupatorium palescens), Imperata cylindrica, Lantana camara, Lygodium microphyllum (synonym Lygodium scandens), Merremia peltata, Mikania cordata, Melastoma malabathricum, Mikania scandens.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre, Library




NO. 110387

The effectiveness of the extracts of Annona muricata, Derris elliptica, Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium and Dioscorea hispida in controlling scarlet mite (Brevipalpus phoenicis) on tea
Keefektifan ekstrak sirsak (Annona muricata), tuba (Derris elliptica), piretrum (Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium) and gadung (Dioscorea hispida) dalam mengendalikan tungau jingga (Brevipalpus phoenicis) pada tanaman teh

Sianipar, MS; Sunarto, T
Faculty of Agriculture, Padjadjaran University; Bandung, Indonesia

Jurnal Agrikultura [Agricultural Journal] 9 (1): 37-41 (1998)

Abstract:
An experiment to study the insecticide effects of Annona muricata, Derris elliptica, Tanacetum cinerariifolium (synonym: Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium) and Dioscorea hispida on scarlet mite in tea was conducted in the Entomology Laboratory of Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Padjadjaran University from November to December 1997. The result showed that all the materials tested caused mortality of scarlet mite. The higher the concentration of the insecticide material, the higher the mortality of scarlet mite.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library
Email: dir-riv@indo.net.id




NO. 91675

Why botanical pesticides are gaining wide acceptance


Tacio, ED
Greenfields 22 (8): 19-20 (1994)

Abstract:
Atis is best against ants, aphids and other crawling insects. Manzanilla drives away a wide range of insects. Tubli kills aphids, beetles, borers, diamondback moth, fruit flies, thrips, cabbage worms, fleas, lice, loopers, mites and slugs.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development, Library; Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5360 014 - 20; fax: (63) (49) 5360 016




NO. 71002

Effect of some plant extracts on white back planthopper in greenhouse conditions
Anh huong cua vai loai thao moc doi voi ray lung trang trong dieu kien nha luoi

Truong Thi Ngoc Chi
Tap chi Bao ve Thuc vat [Journal of Plant Protection] 121 (1): 40-42 (1992)

Abstract:
Four plant species were identified that could suppress the WBPH (white back planthopper) population, viz seed of Annona glabra (seeds) and Nicotiana tabacum (leaves) at 10 % Deris elliptica (root) and Eucalyptus robusta (leaves) at 15 %.

Availability :
National Information and Documentation Center for Science and Technology, Library




NO. 71960

Using the roots of Derris spp.
Them mot tac dung nua cua re cay day mat.

Thong tin Bao ve Thuc vat [Plant Protection Bulletin] (3): 32 (1990)

Abstract:
The root of Derris contains poison, that can be used to kill fish in shrimp husbandry lakes. The rotenon in it can also be used for plant protection.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71246

Insecticides from plants
Thuoc tru sau bang cay co

Le Truong
Hanoi, Scientific Publishing House, 1967; 59 p

Abstract:
The author introduces 12 plants which can be used to produce insecticides. Methods of producing insecticides from these plants are discussed.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71391

The Papilionaceae: Derris
Ho dau: Derris

Le Kha Ke ao
Cay co thuong thay o Vietnam [The common plants in Vietnam]; Hanoi, Publishing House, 1973; p 99-101

Abstract:
Morphological properties of two species of the genus Derris, i.e. Derris elliptica and Derris trifoliata in Vietnam are discussed.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 93911

Survey on botanical pest control practices for agricultural crops in two provinces in the Cordillera


Colting, LM; Mangali, TM
BSU (Benguet State University) Graduate School Research Journal 3: 50-59 (1991-1992)

Abstract:
Randomly selected farmers from each of the eleven municipalities in Benguet and two municipalities in Mountain Province were interviewed regarding their pest control practices for agricultural crops. Of them 49% tried to use botanical pesticides, the rest depended on chemical pesticides. Among the botanical pesticide users, 59.25% tried once, 37% used regularly, and 3.7% were beginners. Majority or 81.48% used botanical pesticides in combination with chemical pesticides, 14.81% used alternately, while 3.7% used pure botanical pesticides. Ten (10) plants were identified as pesticidal: "aglayen", Capsicum frustescens (sili), Coriaria intermedia (bekket), Derris spp. (makabuhai), Gaultheria leucocarpa, Helianthus annuus (sunflower), Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco), "pangutoten", Pinus kesiya (pine tree) and Tagetes spp. (marigold). Some of these plants are used as medicine, food or food spices. These plants are either poisonous, resistant to pest, available and cheap. The use of botanical pesticides is an alternative to chemical control. The commonly used botanical pesticides are Capsicum frustescens and Nicotiana tabacum and the common method of preparation is crude extract. All these were claimed to be effective either as contact, stomach, attractant, or repellent. Their use have not been pursued because some are poisonous to man, not readily available in the market, it takes time to prepare, and not as effective as chemical pesticides.

Availability :
Highland Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium (HARRDEC); Benguet State University (BSU); La Trinidad, Benguet; Philippines




NO. 76644

Derris trifoliata
Coc ken

Vo Van chi
Tu dien cay thuoc Vietnam [Dictionary of medicinal plants in Vietnam]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1997; p 297

Abstract:
Derris trifoliata grows in wet places of the sea bank. The stem, leaves, seeds and roots can be used as medicine to treat malaria, edema, cough, dysentery, sore throat, and wound. The roots contain alkaloid, glycoside and rotenone.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 76645

Derris scandens
Coc ken leo

Vo Van Chi
Tu dien cay thuoc Vietnam [Dictionary of medicinal plants in Vietnam]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1997; p 298

Abstract:
Derris scandens grows in many places of the Mekong delta. Its stem and roots are used as medicine to counteract poison and to treat inflammation. The plant can be collected for medicine all year round.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 101980

Study on plant utilization by Wana tribe in the Morowali nature reserve area, Central Sulawesi
Kajian pemanfaatan tumbuhan oleh suku Wana di Kawasan cagar alam Morowali, Sulawesi Tengah

Mansur, M; Waluyo, EB; Joeni S, R
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB), LIPI, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Book 2; p 511-519

Abstract:
"Wana" is one of the communities residing in the Morowali Nature Reserve, Central Sulawesi. This forest reserve is perhaps the richest in terms of its flora and fauna in Sulawesi which is still unexplored. The ethnobotanical study was conducted at Kampung Kayu Poli in June 1994. "Wana" lives inside the park, forming small villages which are surrounded by tropical dense forest. Therefore, they have developed a close intimacy with this natural resources for their existence and livelihood. It was found that a great diversity of plants and animals have been utilized by the local people for various purposes such as food, medicine, shelter, agricultural tools etc. The information was gathered from local people and headmen of villages during field trips. A floristic inventory revealed that there were 57 wild species and 25 species of cultivated plants. Annonaceae, Sapotaceae, and Arecaceae were noted as the most plant families used by "Wan". This paper also stresses the urgent need for conservation of this valuable biological resource.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 67955

Small notes on the nodules-bearing legumes nodulation in the Bogor Botanic Gardens
Catatan kecil mengenai Leguminosa berbintil di Kebun Raya Bogor

Abdulkadir, S
Research and Development Institute for Botany, Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB), Bogor, Indonesia

Buletin Kebun Raya Indonesia [Indonesian Botanic Garden Bulletin] 7 (4): 105-112 (1993)

Abstract:
Nodulation in the root systems of 230 species of Legumes were examined in the Bogor Botanical Gardens. Fifteen species were measured for their nitrogen fixation activities by using acetylene reduction method. The results showed that 127 species of them have nodules, 56 species of them have not been reported to produce nodules. There are 18 species have been reported by Lim (1992) and Allen & Allen (1981) to have nodules but observation to same species in the garden showed that they did not produced any nodules. The ability of genus Erythrina in nitrogen fixation is higher than that of the others, while genus Calliandra is the lowest. Most of the legumes grown in Bogor Botanical Garden produced nodules, although in acid condition.

Availability :
Bogor Botanical Gardens, Library
Email: inetpc@indo.net.id




NO. 53750

Antibacterial activity of crude extracts of medicinal plants used in Thailand against pathogenic bacteria


Voravuthikunchai, S; Popaya, V; Supawita, T
The University of New South Wales, Australia School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences

Enthnoparmacologia No 33: 60-70 (2004)

Abstract:
Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of medicinal plants commonly used in Thailand to cure infections were tested for their antibacterial activity against important pathogenic bacteria. Inhibition of growth was primarily tested by the paper disc agar diffusion method. Among 19 medicinal plants tested, 100% showed antimicrobial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), with 15 (79%) against Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923). Only 7 (37%) of the medicinal plants exhibited activity against Gram-negative bacteria including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi and Shigella sonnei. Punica granatum, Quercus infectoria, Terminalia chebula, and Walsura robusta exhibited the broadest spectra of activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined by the agar microdilution method and agar dilution method in petri dishes with Millipore filter. Punica granatum and Quercus infectoria possessed the broadest spectra of activity against all the tested pathogenic bacteria. Walsura robusta also had broad activity, except ethanol extract that showed no activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Ethanolic extract of Garcinia mangostana was the most effective against MRSA and Staphylococcus aureus with the MIC and MBC values of 0.02 mg/ml. This study provides evidence to justify the use of these medicinal plants as alternative medicines for many kinds of infections. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 2343

Production of pesticide active elements from biological resources
Pembuatan bahan aktif pestisida dari sumber hayati

Ralnawety, E
Research Institute for Fertilizers and Petro-chemistry; Jakarta; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian [Research Bulletin] 34: 1-9(1985-1986)

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 11880

Herbicides from plants
Kan chai phut pen san kamchat sattru phut pen pai dai phiangrai

Assawaruchikunchai, A
Kheha Karn Kaset [House Agriculture Magazine]14(2): 126-129(1990)

Availability :
Horticulture Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 20091

Notes on current investigations (Research), January to March 1954


Anonymous
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 37(2): 91-99(1954)

Abstract:
Common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 65137

Identification of effectivity of some plants sources as insecticide on cabbage pests
Identifikasi efektivitas beberapa sumber tanaman berkhasiat insektisida terhadap hama kubis

Putranti, L.T.
S1 Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; Nasional University; 1987; 80 p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office




NO. 1405

Chromosomes number of some crops cultivated in the Netherlands Indies (Coffea,Ceiba,Oryza,Derris and Palaquium)
Du nombre de chromosomes chez quelques vegetaux en culture aux Indes Neerlandaises (Coffea,Ceiba,Oryza,Derris et Palaquium)

Heyn, ANJ
Annales du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg [Annals of the Botanic Gardens, Buitenzorg] 48 (2): 106-120 (1938)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 13343

Some medicinal plants affecting growth of fungi
Phut samunphrai bang chanit thi mi itthiphon nai kan yapyang kan charoen toepto khong chua ra

Soithong, K; Rakwitthayasat, W
Department of Plant Pathology; Kasetsart University; Bangkok; Thailand

Warasan rokphut [Journal of Plant Pathology] 5 (2): 38-47 (1985)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 100681

Application of natural plant material in controlling pests
Penggunaan bahan alami tumbuhan dalam upaya pengendalian hama

Sjam, S
Faculty of Agriculture; Hasanuddin University; Ujung Pandang; South Sulawesi; Indonesia

Kumpulan Makalah Seminar dan Pertemuan Tahunan Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia Cabang Ujung Pandang, Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia & Himpunan Perlindungan Tumbuhan Indonesia Komda Sulawesi Selatan, Ujung Pandang [Collection of Paper presented at the Proceedings and Annual Meeting on the Indonesian Entomological Society, Ujung Pandang Branch, Indonesian Phytopathological Society & Association for Conservation of Indonesian Plants]; Baco, D (ed.); Saranga, A.P (ed.); Kusnang (ed.); Rosmana, A (ed.); Firdaus (ed.); 15 Januari 1994; Ujung Pandang; PEI, PFI & HPTI; 1994; 7p

Availability :
Indonesian Entomological Society; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 34148

Preliminary study on the pesticidal effect of four plant extracts and eleven extract combinations against Palawan rice black bug


Camias, R.S
BSc thesis; Aborlan; Palawan National Agricultural College; 1985; 23p

Availability :
Library; Palawan Agricultural Research Center; Palawan National Agricultural College; Aborlan; Philippines




NO. 33175

Investigation of some Philippine plants for insecticidal activity


Alberto,SP
Journal of the Philippine Pharmaceutical Association 40(2):37-40(1953)

Availability :
Library;College of Pharmacy;University of the Philippines;Ermita;Manila




NO. 34095

Investigation of some Philippine plants for insecticidal activity


Alberto,SP
Centro Escolar University; Manila; Philippines

Graduate and Faculty Studies 3:193-207(1952)

Availability :
National Library;Manila;Philippines




NO. 92345

Use of indigenous plants as sources of fish toxicants for pond management in the Philippines


Guerrero, RD III; Guerrero, LA; Garcia, LL
Philippine Technology Journal 15 (2): 15-18 (1990); HERDIN Database; PC912336; MFN 007473

Abstract:
Efficient fishpond management requires the use of fish toxicants for eradication of predators and competitors. The commercial sources of toxicants presently applied in the Philippines are insecticides and teaseed cake which have major drawbacks. The indigenous plants, Derris elliptica and Croton tiglium, containing rotenone and saponin,respectively, were evaluated for their effectiveness as sources of fish toxicants for freshwater and brackishwater pond management. Derris root powder was effective for eradication of Poecilia reticulata at 5 ppm in freshwater and 10-30 ppm in brackish-water. Croton seed powder killed the test fish at 5 ppm in freshwater and 10 ppm in brackishwater. The level of salinity influenced the action of the toxicants. Simple processing technology is needed for the preparation of Derris root powder and Croton seed powder appropriate for countryside application.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development; Department of Science and Technology
Email: pchrd@pchrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 91636

Tubli - a natural insecticidal plant


Gibe, BP
Greenfields 237): 42 (1995)

Abstract:
Dried tubli roots may be pulverized and used as an insecticide, it can also rid dogs and cats of flee. Propagation of tubli is by planting stem cuttings.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 95972

Species trial planting in Binga-Ambuklao watershed areas


Veracion, VP; Mamateo, BP; Bersamia, JB
Abstract of Research on Environment and Natural Resources in the Cordillera Region; Department of Environment and Natural Resources,Cordillera Administrative Region; Ramos,HC(ed); (undated); La Trinidad,Benguet,Philippines; pp.19

Abstract:
The study was conducted to compare the survival, grwth rate and form of 8 selected species, namely: Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E.tereticornis, Pinus kesiya,P.carribaea, P.oocarpa, Gmelina arborea, Albizia procera and Derris cumingii.|Based on the tabulated results, E.camaldulensis, E.tereticornis and ALbizia procera have 95, 90 and 80 average percent survival, respectively which which are significantly higher than the other species with 66 and below percentage survival.|The results on height growth was significant at 2.77% on the minor treatment and 0.05% on the major treatments. The height growth (in cms.) for the species are as follows: E.camaldulensis (76.40), E. teriticornis (57.39), P.oocarpa (40.18), G.arborea, (37.05), P.caribaea (23.95), D.cumingii (22.16), P.kesiya (13.28) and A.procera (11.77).

Availability :
Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau; Forestry Campus




NO. 96413

Potential botanical pesticides against insect pest of mango


Faylon, PS; Lopez, EL; Joven, JEA
R & D Milestones: Crops 3: 64-65 (2002)

Abstract:
In Guimaras, there are plant species that are being used to control insects attacking tomato, pepper, 'pechay', and many ornamentals. The leaves stems, or roots are soaked in water overnight or prepared as crude extract and sprayed directly to the pest. While this practice has been done to determine its effect on mango insect pests.|There were 45 plant species surveyed with insecticidal properties. Field test of different crude extracts of 'kakawate', 'tubli' and ripe 'sili' plus detergent (KTRD) were effective against mango leafhopper. Furthermore, KTRD as bio-spray was also effective against mealybugs attacking mango flowers. However, tip borer and lepidopterous insects were not controlled.|Incidence of seed borer damage on mango fruits was minimized by spray application of different extracts (tubli, tobacco, 'lagundi', 'atis', and 'makabuhai'). However, these extracts were not found effective against mango fruit fly sprayed 80 days after flower induction.|Potential users should take note of the following: (a) age of the botanical extracts that NMRDC was using since the amount of active principle might differ with age; (b) method of extraction; and (c) proper identification of plant species because local names might differ from place to place.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 26143

Rotenone from Derris elliptica: an extraction and purification studies


Aidee Kamal, K; Sarmidi, MR; Mohamad, MF; Aziz, RA; Ngadiran, S
Chemical Engineering Pilot Plant; Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering; Universiti Teknologi Malaysia; 81310 UTM Skudai; Johor

Malaysian Science & Technology Congress 2000 (Symp.A)& Asia Pacific Symposium on Food Science & Nutrition 2000; 18-20 September 2000; Kota Kinabalu; Sabah

Abstract:
At present there is a growing trend in public awareness of the problem posed by synthetic pesticides to man and environment. A suitable alternative to replace these chemical are substances called bio-pesticide, which is more environmentally friendly and Jess toxic. One of the source for bio-pesticide is tuba plant, scientifically known as Derris elliptica, well known to the local for its 'Itchyotoxic' property or poisonous to aquatic life. Derris elliptica contains active substance which affects pests but not human, and easily degrade to carbon dioxide and water in the presence of sunlight. The active substance is known as Rotenone (C23H22O6)' Research carried out was divided into two main sections. The first part of the project involved polar and non-polar extraction of rotenoids active ingredient from Derris elliptica by extraction method. The extraction used ethanol + water ( 9: 1 ) and oxalic acid ( 1 mgmr-1 ). The determination of rotenone obtained from the extraction was accomplished by 'High Performance Liquid Chromatography' (HPLC), with methanol as the mobile phase. The average of rotenone content which can be extracted was 0.32 % w/w. The second part of the work was the purification study using different solvent. The ethanol was evaporated by using distillation unit. The remaining residue was dissolved in CH2Ch and partitioned 3 times against 0.25M NaCl. The CH2Cl2 phase was reduced by using the distillation unit and the final extract taken up in 1 mL ofMe2CO-H20 ( 1:1 ). As a result, 9 % w/v purity of rotenone was obtained.

Availability :
Mohd Zaki Abdullah




NO. 15038

Effect of some medicinal plant extracts on mite and louse of native chicken


Egpuknak, S; Laohavanich, S; Ratanasethakul, C; Wongnak, P
Faculty of Veterinay Medicine, Khon Kaen Uiversity; Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand

The 35th Kasetsart University Annual Conference, 3-5 Febuary 1997; Bangkok; p 127

Abstract:
Custard apple (Annona squamosa) seeds, neem (Azadirachta indica) seeds and derris (Derris elliptica) roots were extracted by methanol 40%. The effect of these extractions at 20% concentration on the mites and lice of native chicken were tested by in vitro. The average percentage of dead mites was highest in the custard apple seed extract group (90.75%) followed by neem seed extract group (45.37%) and derris root extract group (32.82%) compared to 0% in the control group (01.40%). The average percentage of dead lice in the custard apple seed extract group, neem seed extract group and derris root extract group were quite high and slightly different (87.14, 97.28 and 90.19%, respectively), compared to 0% in the control group (in ethanol 40%).

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 15793

Antifungal properties of some medicinal plants.
Phut samunphai bang chanit thi mi ait ti phon nai kan yapyang Charoen toep tho khong chua ra

Soytong, K; Rakvidhyasatra, V
Thai Abstracts: Science and Technology. 14: 35 (1989)

Abstract:
Ten medicinal plants: stemona (Stemona tuberosa) , nux-vomica tree (Strychus nux-vomica) , derris (Derris elliptica) , purging croton (Croton tiglium), star anise (Illicium verum) , clove tree (Syzygium aromaticum) , garlic (Allium Sativum), caraway (Carum carvi), lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) and thorn apple (Datura metel) were tested for their antifungal property to the following 21 different species of fungi: Absidia spinosa, choanephora cucurditarum, Phytophthora sp., Pythium aphanidermatum, Rhizopus microsporus, Cerat °Cystis paradoxa, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Sordaria fimicola, Alternaria alternata, Colletotrichum dematium, Drechslera maydis, Fusarium solani, Geotrichum candidum, Melanconium fuligineum, Myrothecium roridum, Sclerotium rolfsii, Pleurotus ostreatus, Thanatephours cucumeris, Tricholoma crassum, Ustilago maydis and Volvariella volvacea. Dried ground or fresh blended sample of each medicinal plant was incorporated at different concentrations into PDA on which growth of test fungi was determined. The results showed that star anise at the concentration of 20,000 ppm. completely inhibited growth of all fungi followed by caraway, lemon grass, clove tree, stemona, garlic, nux-vomica tree, purging croton, thorn apple and derris respectively.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 16572

Ethnobotany in upper northeastern, thailand


Chamratpan, S. and Hormchuen, S.
Faculty of Science and Technology, Rajabhat Institute Udon Thani, Udon Thani, 41000, Thailand.

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 189. (2003)

Abstract:
Some rural people residing in the villages of upper northeastern part of Thailand still use herbs for preventing and curing many diseases. From the interview of the eight medicinal folk men living in seven villages in upper northeastern part of Thailand, the medicinal plants are used in 5 ways-rubbing, fresh eaten, decoction, an alcoholictinture and massage. Rubbing is the common application such as; (1) Phak khom (Amaranthus lividis L.) leaf is applied for removing pain, reducing swelling and releasing pain of insects, (2) crushed Salet phang tua phu (Barleria lupulina Lindl.) and Salet phang phon tua mia (Clinacanthus nutans (Burm.f) Lindau) areapplied for herpes (ngu-swat), (3) immature dry black fruit of sugar apple (Annona squamosa L.) called mummy is scrubbed and externally applied on suppurated skin as an effective suppurant. Examples of the second method are-(1) crushed fresh Sap suea (Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Rob.) leaf with alum is eaten andapplied on the wound as an antidote for snake bite, (2) Phet sangkhat (Cissus quadrangularis L.) vine with ripe tamarind pulp is eaten for curing hemorrhoids, (3) root and vine of Khruea sai tan (Aganosma marginata (Roxb.) G.Don) is eaten to get rid of Schizophrenia. An example of a decoction is Khi non (Uraria crinita (L.) Desv. Ex DC.) which is an effective remedy for severe colon cancer. An example of massage is the mixture of Thao en on (Cryptolepis buchanani Roem. & Schult.), Thao wan priang (Derris scandens (Roxb.) Benth.), Phlai (Zinger montanum (Koenig) Link ex Dietr.) and Khamin chan (Curcuma longa L.) are applied to cure paralysis. An alcoholic tinture of the roots of Krachai dam (Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf.) is used as sex stimulant.

Availability :
Chiang Mai University Library




NO. 16652

Inhibition of heinz body induction of six commion thai medicinal leaves and creeping stems in In Vilro antioxidant study


Soogarun, S.; Wiwanitkit, V. and Suwansaksri, J.
Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, (supunsug@hotmail.com)

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 531. (2003)

Abstract:
Six common Thai medicinal leaves and creeping stems were studied. The six studied herbs included two creeping stems; Derris scandens Benth and Crpolepis buchanani Roe et Sch, and four leaves; Tamarindus indica Linn., Acacia concinna DC., Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. and Abdrograohis paniculata Wall EX Ness. Of these 6 herbs, only three leaves, Tamarindus indica Linn, Acacia concinna DC. and Bauhinia malabarica Roxb., can inhibit Heinz body induction in vitro. Acacia concinna DC. presented the most potent inhibition effect. Conclusively, most of the studied medicinal leaves present some degrees of antioxidant effect. Further study on the type and amount of antioxidant in each herb is recommended.

Availability :
Chiang Mai University Library




NO. 16841

Effectiveness of Derris elliptica Benth. Extract on broad mite, Polyphagotarsonemua latus Banks
Prasitthiphap khong san sakat handlai (Derris elliptia Benth) to rai khao prink (Polyphagotarsonemus latus Banks.)

Worawong, K; Pinisamarn, S
Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University

The Sixth National Plant Protection Conference on November 24-27, 2003; Khon Kaen, Thailand.: 84 (2003)

Abstract:
Broad mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus Banks (Acari : Tarsonemidae) is an important chilli because of its short life cycle. Chemicals were used regularly for broad mite control. The aim of this study is to evaluate for the effectiveness of methanolic extract of Derris elliptica Benth on broad mite using two bioassay techniques, direct spray with Potter's spray tower and leaf dip bioassay. The extract exhibited both contact and stomach poisons against broad mite, with an LCSO of 0.0037% (direct spray) and 0.035% (leaf dip bioassay) at one hour after treatment. This study demonstrated the possibility of using D. elliptica extract in management of field population of broad mite.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 16861

Effects of root extract from Derris (Derris elliptica Benth) on Mortality and Detoxification enzyme levels in the Diamondback Moth Larvae (Plutella xylostella Linn.)


Visetson, S and Milne, M
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand

The Kasetsart Journal Natural Sciences 35(2): 157-163 (2001)

Abstract:
Two types of ethanol extraction methods, Soxhlet and stirring soaking, were carried out. The rotenone content determined by the HPLC was 8.6% w/w for the former method compared to 5.2% w/w for the latter one. Third instar larvae of the diamond back moth gave LD50 of 24.25 ppm and 89.07 ppm for the Soxhlet and stirring methods, respectively. Triphenyl phosphate (TPP) and Piperonylebutoxide (PB) reduced the LD50 upto ca. 4 folds and also significantly lowered the number of larvae in field. The optimal medium for the detoxification enzymes, esterase, GSH-S-transferses and monooxygenases, was found to contain 0.1 M phosphate buffer pH 7.5 with 10 mM glutaathione (reduced froms), 1 mMEDTA and 50% w/w PVPP. Protein concentrations (BSA as a standard protein) between 50-100 mg protein/g larvae/ml extracted from 2-4 instar larvae were use for all enzyme assays. Derris extracts induced ca. 10-20% of all enzyme activities. By adding TPP to the extracts, esterase activity was reduced by 20%. The coefficient of correlation, r2(mortality against esterase activity), was ca. 0.9. the addition of DEM showed a lower in r2 value (0.62-0.77)(mortality against monooxygenases activity) was observed by the addition of PB to both extract.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 72003

The influence of solutions in the extraction of rotenon and capacity for collecting lectin from Derris elliptica and its efficiency
Anh huong dung moi tach chiet rotenon den kha nang khai thac lectin va tac dung diet con trung cua cay ruoc ca

Nguyen Quoc Khang; Tran Quang Hung; Bui Hai Yen
Thong tin Bao ve Thuc vat [Plant Protection Bulletin] (1): 22-27 (1991)

Abstract:
The result of the study showes that one gram of root powder of Derris elliptica contains about 256000-102400 units of lectin. When using different solutions, the capacity for collecting lectin and its characteristic can be different rotenon and lectin can be extracted with simple methods from the root of Derris elliptica and the product is highly effective and of high quality.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 72064

Preliminary results of study on Derris sp. roots to control insect pest
Ket qua buoc dau nghien cuu su dung re cay day mat lam thuoc tru sau

Tran Quang Hung; Bui Huu Diem; Nguyen Six Chinh; Vu Dinh Lu
Thong tin Bao ve Thuc vat [Plant Protection Bulletin] (5): 189-190 (1985)

Abstract:
Derris sp. roots contains rotenon and rotenoid which can be used to control diseases and pests; Derris sp. grows naturally and is planted in Yen Bai and other West-North provinces. Its roots are used to produce rotenon and rotenoid manually in Vietnam.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 72179

Effect of some plant extracts on white back planthopper (Sogatella furcifera) in greenhouse condition
Anh huong cua vai loai thao moc doi voi ray lung trang Sogatella furcifera trong dieu kien nha luoi

Truong Thi Ngoc Chi
Thong tin Bao ve Thuc vat [Plant Protection Bulletin] 121 (1): 40-42 (1992)

Abstract:
The primary test on suppression of white back planthopper population by plant extracts was carried out in the greenhouse at the Rice Research Institute Omon. Four plants have been idntified that could suppress the WBPH population, V 12, i.e. Annona glabra (seeds) and Nicotiana tabacum (leaves) at 10 %, Derris elliptica (roots) and Eucalyptus robusta (leaves) at 15 %.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71070

Insecticide from vegetation
Thuoc tru sau bang cay co

Le Truong
Hanoi; Science Publishing House, 1967; 59p

Abstract:
The book presents experiences in using 11 species for insecticide.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 73990

Research on the growing conditions and effect of using rotenone from Derris elliptica in Mekong river delta
Nghien cuu cac dieu kien sinh truong va hieu luc su dung hoat chat rotenone cua cay thuoc la o Dong Bang Song Cuu long

Phan Phuoc Hien, et al
Tap chi Nong nghiep va Cong nghiep Thuc pham [Journal of Agriculture and Food Industry] (12): 522-524 (1996)

Abstract:
Derris elliptica grows and develops well in coastal regions on sandy soils or other light soils. It has medium height. Time of its seeding and harvest is in the late rainy season. In this paper the authors describe solutions in intensive farming and processing of Derris eliptica.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 76164

Derris elliotica
Day mat

Vo Van Chi
Tu dien cay thuoc Vietnam [A dictionary of medicinal plants of Vietnam]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1997; p 387

Abstract:
Derris elliptica grows in mountain forest of Vietnam. The medicine made from the roots of the plant can be used to treat insect bites. Its roots contain rotenone, deguelin, tephrosin dl-toxicarol.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 76249

Effect of some plant extracts on white back planthopper (WBPH) in greenhouse condition
Anh huong cua vai loai thao moc doi voi ray lung trang trong dieu kien nha luoi

Truong Thi Ngoc Chi
Tap chi Nong nghiep va Cong nghiep Thuc pham [Journal of Agriculture and Food Industry] 2: 64-65 (1993)

Abstract:
The primary test on the suppression of white back planthopper population by plant extracts was carried out in greenhouse at the Omon Rice Research Institute. Four plants have been identified that could suppress the WBPH population, i.e. Annona glabra (seeds) and Nicotiana tabacum (leaves) at 10 %, Derris elliptica (root) and Eucalyptus robusta (leaves) at 15 %.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam