Musa L. (edible cultivars)
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NO. 101941

Roles of plants and livestocks in the "Djoka Dju" traditional ceremony of Lio (ethnic group), in Ende, Flores, East Nusa Tenggara
Peran tumbuhan dan ternak dalam upacara adat "Djoka Dju" pada suku Lio, Ende, Flores, Nusa Tenggara Timur

Temu, ST
Center for Environmental Studies; Nusa Cendana University; Kupang; East Nusa Tenggara; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 2; p 265-268

Abstract:
"Djoka Dju" is a ritual ceremony of Lio ethnic group at Ende district, Flores Island, East Nusa Tenggara. This ritual is held routinely every year at mid-period between the postharvest of agricultural crops and field preparations for the next planting period. In this ritual, the trees used are in local language called "pare", "jita", "nio", "peri", and "laka", and the livestocks are "manu" and "rongo". However, before the ritual was performed other trees were used in the framework to prepare later ritual, i.e. "kembo" and "taru" as raw materials for textile (cloth and wrapper) which were still used by the ritual leader and the society members at the villages which hold the ritual. The roles of trees and livestocks in the "Djoka Dju" ritual were discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 101935

Ethnobotany of "Subak" in Bali
Etnobotani Subak di Bali

Sumantera, IW
Eka Karya Botanical Gardens - LIPI; Candi Kuning; Bali; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 2; p 227-234

Abstract:
"Subak" is an irrigation system found in Bali island. There were about 1331 subaks in which each consisted of 40 ha. Inventory indicated that a number of plants have been utilized in the "subak", such as for irrigation equipment and Hindu ceremonies. Example of artefacts were displayed at Museum "Subak", Tabanan. Biodiversity and function of plants of the "subaks" were discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 39874

Distribution and identification of Meloidogyne spp. in the Philippines and five other Asian countries


Madamba, CP
The Philippine Agriculturist 64 (1): 21-39 (1981)

Abstract:
Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica and Meloidogyne arenaria were identified from cultivated plants collected from 66 different localities in 28 provinces in the Philippines. The most common species were Meloidogyne incognita (64%), Meloidogyne javanica (29%) and Meloidogyne arenaria (7%). Of the Meloidogyne-infected plants were collected in the Philippines 33 species, mainly vegetables (43%), were hosts to Meloidogyne incognita, 17 to Meloidogyne javanica and 4 to Meloidogyne arenaria. Plants infected by Meloidogyne arenaria were sugarcane, dwarf beans (bush sitao), banana and black pepper. Sugarcane was also susceptible to all three nematode species. Some infections occuring in various localities, particularly of Meloidogyne incognita (6 hosts), Meloidogyne arenaria (3 hosts) and Meloidogyne javanica (2 hosts) are reported for the first time. Meloidogyne incognita and Meloidogyne javanica were identified from root-knot nematode- infected plants from Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. On the other hand, Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica and Meloidogyne arenaria were encountered from infected plants from Taiwan, while Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica and Meloidogyne hapla were obtained in Japan. Meloidogyne incognita was the predominant species in Thailand (67%) and Taiwan (76%). Meloidogyne javanica was as prevalent as Meloidogyne incognita in Malaysia and Indonesia. In Thailand, Meloidogyne javanica occured only in the southern upland region. For the region covered in this study, 39 plants species were infected by Meloidogyne incognita, 21 by Meloidogyne javanica, 6 by Meloidogyne arenaria and 2 by Meloidogyne hapla. A host index is included.

Availability :
Main Library; University of the Philippines Los Baños; College; Laguna; Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5362 326, 5362 235; fax: (63) (49) 3673
Email: vga@library.upb.edu.ph




NO. 23425

Response to water stress in banana, peanut and rice: A comparative study


Faridah, A; Syed S, B
University of the Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

Transactions of the Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology 1: 99-104 (1990)

Abstract:
Three tropical food plants, Musa (AA group, var. Mas), Arachis hypogaea var. Matjam and Oryza sativa var. MR. 84 were subjected to water stress. Determinations of water relations, photosynthesis, growth and yield were made in both stressed and well-watered control treatments. As the duration of stress progressed, relative water content of peanut and rice was reduced. The osmotic potential decreased from -9.2 to -13.4 bar, and -11.7 to -16.9 bar, respectively. In banana AWC remained above 80% and showed no sign of osmotic adjustment. Stomata of banana seemed to be more sensitive to water stress than those of the other two species. Photosynthesis of all the three species was significantly reduced by water stress but peanut and banana maintained positive carbon balance throughout the stress duration. Drought reduced both total biomass and yield in all three species. And in general yield reduction was to be greater than the total biomass reduction.

Availability :
University of Malaya; Jalan Lembah Pantai, 50603 Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia; phone: (60) (3) 795 67 800; fax: (60) (3) 795 60 027
Email: pro@um.edu.my




NO. 20107

Investigations into the cultivation of cacao in Malaya


Allen, EF
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 36 (3): 147-163 (1953)

Abstract:
1. Agronomic investigations into the establishment of cacao in Malaya were described in broad outline. Four methods of establishing the crop were described. 2. Where cacao was grown on old land, shade was considered essential and different types of shade plants were discussed and compared. 3. Two methods of establishing cacao from virgin jungle were described: the use of thinned-out jungle to provide shade had shown great promise and it was at present the preferred method. 4. Mention was made of introduction into Malaya of improved planting materials from the world chief's cacao-growing countries. Of these, only West African Amelonado could be used at once for commercial planting: seed gardens of this variety had been established in ten States and Settlements. 5. Intercropping experiments with rubber, coconut, oil palms and Manila hemp were discussed. Some trials with young rubber and with old coconuts showed promise under certain conditions. 6. Results from two manurial trials were discussed.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM); Jalan FRIM; Kepong; Karung Berkunci 201; 52109 Kuala Lumpur; Selangor; Malaysia; phone: (60) (3) 627 42633; fax: (60) (3) 627 65531
Email: philip@frim.gov.my




NO. 24555

Postharvest pathogens on fruits and their plant quarantine significance


Ganapathi, AN; Chinnathambi, C
Asean Plant Quarantine Center and Training Institute; Post Bag 209, UPM Post Office; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia

Proceedings of the 3rd. National Fruit Symposium, 24-26 September 1991, Genting Highlands, Pahang

Abstract:
A study was conducted on the postharvest fungal and bacterial diseases of local and imported fruits. This study reported on the pathogens intercepted from fruits, that appeared, not fit for consumption. This project was conducted from 1985 untill 1990. Fruits were selected on the basis of the appearance of lesions on the surface. Fruit samples were collected from the wholesale market, supermarkets, fruit stalls, night markets, growers, fruit packers, exporters, importers and even individuals who harvest from their home garden contributed fruit samples for this study. Pathogens intercepted include Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Colletotrichum dematium, Penicillium digitatum, Penicillium sp., Fusarium solani, Fusarium moniliforme, Chalara sp., Verticillium sp., Rhizopus sp., Thielaviopsis sp., Oidium sp., Absidia sp., Botryodiplodia sp., Alternaria spp., and some bacterial isolates of plant quarantine importance. The plant quarantine significance of these pathogens in the fruit trade was also discussed. Selected postharvest treatment for fruits, included hot water treatment, vapour heat treatments irradiation, cold treatment, hot air treatment and pesticide solution dipping. Research findings by fruit technologist suggested that the postharvest treatment together with proper handling of fruits could prove beneficial in controlling of pathogens growing on fruit surface. Constraints of the Malaysian Fruit Industry was discussed with constructive development strategies for better trade. This project paper concluded with the need for organizations like MARDI, FAMA, DOA, Universities, ASEAN PLANTI, etc. to regularly organise forums on the current developments in fruit technology, and utilisation for growers, exporters and traders engaged in fruit based industries.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Jalan FRIM, Kepong Karung Berkunci 201, 52109 Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaysia; phone: (60) (3) 627 42633; fax: (60) (3) 627 65531
Email: philip@frim.gov.my




NO. 20688

Strategies and achievements in fruit breeding and selection at MARDI


Chan, YK
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia

Prosiding Simposium Buah-buahan Kebangsaan [Proceedings of the National Symposium on Fruits], April 8-9, 1986; Serdang, Selangor; MARDI, 1986, p 185-199

Abstract:
The fruit collection and germplasm centres for fruits were established at MARDI to provide breeders with the basic resource, i.e. genetic variation for crop improvement. The accessions in the fruit collection consisted of varieties, cultivars, clones or advanced breeding lines and was started in 1972 at Serdang. The germplasms were collected at random and restricted only to indigenous fruit species, started in 1982 at Kemaman. This was a joint effort with the IBPGR. Characterization and evaluation, important in providing an inventory of the genetic variation, were completed for papaya and banana and partial1y completed for perennial fruits, like durian, mango and cashew nut. In breeding and selection of clonally propagated fruit species, the basic step was to identify and select the 'winners' and subsequently testing them over time and space to establish the repeatabitily (stability) of their good performances. These, winners' were, however, time related, because of the changing consumer preference and industry demands. They will form the base for further improvement of the varieties in terms of increasing yield, developing pest and disease resistance and other requirements demanded by the industry from time to time. For clonally propagated fruits, selection of rootstocks and increasing productivity of durian clonal populations using mixtures of compatible genotypes were also given consideration. For seed propagated fruit species, the breeding and selection methodology for improving open-pollinated species (watermelon) and self-pollinated species (papaya) were included. The achievements of the breeding, programme on the whole were discussed in the light of the development of 'Nanas Johor' pineapple, the 'MARDI Backcross Solo' papaya, new accessions of 'Mas' and 'Rastali' bananas, the 'C11' cashew nut clone, and recommendation of mixtures of durian clones based on compatibility and xenic effects of the pollination.

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang, Selangor, 50774 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; P.O. Box 12301; phone: (60) (3) 894 37 111; fax: (60) (3) 894 83 664




NO. 36952

Flow of major commodities produced in the Eastern Visayas Region


Pascual, NP; Pascua, FS; Agarcio, AS
Visayas State Collage of Agriculture; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines

Research Storage and Retrieval System (RETRES) Research Abstracts; Los Baños; Laguna; Management Information Systems Division (MISD), 1977; Philippines Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD); Project No. 267; 188 p

Abstract:
The distribution channels and pricing system of major commodities produced in Eastern Visayas region were described. Data from 1,704 producer- respondents of abaca, coconut, rice, corn, swine, and chicken were analyzed. Abaca and coconut middlemen made their purchases directly from other middlemen and their major outlets were the shippers. Abaca supply came entirely from Eastern Visayas, and 80% on the average were resold in places outside the region. There was 95% outflow of copra from the region and no inflow from the outside. The middlemen's main sources of palay or rice were the farmers whose major outlets were the wholesalers. Twenty-five percent of the region's needs was from the outside. Likewise, corn middlemen also purchased most of their supply outside the region and sold to buyers in Region VIII. Marketing of hogs was limited to the region. Only 1% originated outside the region while 3% was sold in places outside the area studied. Seventy percent of the region's egg supply came from the outside. Leyte was the most dependent on out-of-the- region supplies followed by Samar, Southern Leyte, and Northern Samar. The processor-retailers obtained the highest net margin per unit among the different chicken dealers.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD); Los Baños; Laguna; Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5360 014 - 20; fax: (63) (49) 5360 016
Email: pcarrd@pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 36954

Supply and demand analysis for selected crops and livestock in the Philippines


Nasol, RL; Recto, A; Elazequi, DD
Centre for Policy and Development Studies (CPDS); University of the Philippines at Los Baños; College; Laguna; Philippines

Research Storage and Retrieval System (RETRES) Research Abstracts; College; Laguna; Centre for Policy and Development Studies (CPDS); University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1982; 2 vols

Abstract:
Supply analysis at national and regional levels and demand analysis at the national level were undertaken for rice, corn, sugar, coconut, abaca, pork, beef and chicken. Supply and demand elasticities were estimated by applying the multiple regression technique using the ordinary least squares procedure. With the exception of abaca, all studies on supply and demand covered the period from 1958 to 1978 and 1957 to 1978, respectively. The data used for abaca covered 1968-1978. The analysis included trends in prices, production and consumption;estimates of the demand elasticities with respect to the price of commodity, the prices of related commodities, the income of consumers, and other related variables; and some policy implications based on the results.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD); Los Baños; Laguna; Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5360 014 - 20; fax: (63) (49) 5360 016
Email: pcarrd@pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 37141

Multiple cropping in Silang, Cavite


Grecia, DH
Greenfields 10 (12): 13-16 (1980)

Abstract:
The article presented in detail the multiple cropping system adopted by Mr. Juan Baon, a farmer in Silang, Cavite. Baon intercropped pineapple with papaya, coffee, banana, and gabi. Baon's farming system, as discussed in the article, was common to Silang farmers. Other crops planted were coconut and black pepper. Also presented was an estimated breakdown of input and output of multiple cropping per hectare for the first two years in Cavite (for 1980), and an estimated average input and output on multiple cropping in Cavite based on Cropping Pattern II in 1979-1980. Total gross income and net income estimated from the first two years of multiple cropping were 48,260 and 25,547 pesos, respectively.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD); Los Baños; Laguna; Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5360 014 - 20; fax: (63) (49) 5360 016
Email: pcarrd@pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 39201

Strains of Pseudomonas solanacearum in the Philippines as determined by cross-inoculation of hosts at different temperatures


Zehr, EI
Philippine Phytopathology 6 (1-2): 44-54 (1970)

Abstract:
In comparative studies, isolates of Pseudomonas solanacearum which were obtained from eight different host plants in the Philippines differed in virulence to inoculated tobacco, ginger, pepper, and peanut plants. All isolates, however, were highly virulent to potato and eggplant. Isolates obtained from diseased ginger plants were more virulent to ginger but less virulent to tomato than were isolates obtained from other hosts. All Philippine isolates were of low virulence to diploid banana; and they were race 1 despite the relatively low virulence of many isolates to tobacco. Philippine isolates were of greater virulence to eggplant than was North Carolina isolate K-60 (race 1) or Colombia isolate (race 3). Some isolates induced with symptoms at 27-32 °C but not at 23-24 °C. Potato plants that were inoculated at cooler temperatures (18-24 °C) did not wilt when moved to warmer temperatures (27-32 °C). Apparently plant resistance to the pathogen was not affected by this practice. Temperature was an important factor for wilt development in inoculated tobacco plants. Symptoms in Bottom Special tobacco plants were more affected by temperature changes than those in Reax tobacco plants. A change of the inoculum concentration from 1 x 106 to 6 x 108 cells/ml had little effect on disease severity at 27-32 °C.

Availability :
Main Library; University of the Philippines Los Baños; College; Laguna; Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5362 326, 5362 235; fax: (63) (49) 3673
Email: vga@library.upb.edu.ph




NO. 50282

Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 8. Vegetables


Siemonsma, JS (ed); Kasem Piluek (ed)
PROSEA Publication Office; Wageningen; the Netherlands

Low-price, paperback edition; Bogor; PROSEA Foundation; 1994; 412 p

Abstract:
This volume deals with the vegetables of South-East Asia. A vegetable is a product or commodity that may be defined as a usually succulent plant or portion of a plant which is consumed as a side-dish with the starchy staple. All vegetable crops share certain characteristics but very few completely fit any definition. More than 1000 species have been used in South-East Asia as supplementary food. In this volume about 100 important vegetables, cultivated as well as wild species, are treated in 86 papers, where as 125 species of minor importance are described briefly. Another 800 species yield vegetables as a by-product and they are listed only. In the process of modernization and intensification of the horticultural sector, attention and means are increasingly focused on a limited number of commercially interesting crops, among them the much improved 'western' vegetables, grown in the highland areas of South-East Asia. This volume intends to contribute to preventing that the knowledge on lesser-known indigenous species is lost. The introductory chapter deals with general aspects of vegetables. A glossary is included to explain the terms used. Two indexes, of scientific and vernacular plant names, are provided.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 50283

Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 9. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates


Flach, M (ed); Rumawas, F (ed)
Department of Agronomy; Wageningen Agricultural University; Wageningen; the Netherlands

PROSEA Foundation; Bogor; Indonesia; 1996; 237 p

Abstract:
This volume deals with plants in South-East Asia that produce and store starch and/or sugar as a reserve food in organs other than seeds, e.g. in tubers, corms, cormels, stolons, thickened roots, stems, trunks and fruits. Starches and sugars are the main source of food energy for humans and animals. Most of the crops dealt with in this volume are grown at subsistence level in the tropics. Although many of them may potentially produce twice the amount of useful energy per unit of land and time than cereals, they have never received comparable scientific, industrial and commercial attention. This neglected group of crops deserves more attention to realize its full potential. In this volume 54 important crops (cultivated and wild) including sago palm, sugar palm, fishtail palm, sugar cane, yams, cassava, sweet potato, Irish potato, taro, arrowroot, yam bean, plantain and cooking banana, zedoary, Chinese artichoke, are treated in 33 papers. Some 50 species of minor importance are described briefly and a further 100 species yielding non-seed carbohydrates as a by-product are listed. The introductory chapter deals with general aspects of the plants. A glossary is included to explain the terms used. Two indexes, of scientific and vernacular plant names, are provided.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 71504

Introduction to some exported plants
Gioi thieu mot so cay trong xuat khau

Nguyen Ky Tam
Department of Industrial plants, Ministry of Agriculture, Hanoi, Vietnam

Agricultural Publishing House, Hanoi 1975; 123 p

Abstract:
Introduction in brief to economic value, productivity, development situation in Vietnam and in the other parts of the world, export standards, some cultivation methods and processing of some industrial plants is presented.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 69640

Effect of organic mulches on growth and yield of maize in upland Jratun - seluna watershed
Pengaruh mulsa organik terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil jagung di lahan kering daerah aliran sungai (DAS) Jrantunseluna

Soelaeman, Y
Bogor Research Institute for Food Crops (BORIF), Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Balittan Bogor, Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Pangan, Bogor, 29 February and 2 March 1992; Hardjosumadi, S et al (eds); Bogor; Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan Bogor; Vol 2; 1992; p 423-430

Abstract:
There are many problems dealing with mulch utilization in the upland watershed, among others is type of mulch in crop plantings. To solve this problem, an experiment was carried out using eight mulches, i.e. rice straw, maize straw, banana leaf, calliandra, sonosiso, gliricidia, flemingia and casia in a maize cropping. The experiment was designed according to a Randomized Block Design with three replications. The research was carried out at the field of Laboratory of 'P3HTA', Ungaran, in the dry season of 1989. The results indicated that the use of calliandra, rice straw and sonosiso affected grain yield with ranges from 4.16-4.30 t/ha. The high grain yields were due to the better soil water contents, growth components and less weed infestations. The available dry matter was sufficient only for one cow and 16 goats or sheeps.

Availability :
Research Institute for Food Crop Biotechnology, Library
Email: borif@indo.net.id




NO. 102005

Medicinal plant utilization to treat headache in South Sulawesi and East Kalimantan areas
Penggunaan tanaman obat sebagai pengobatan sakit kepala di daerah Sulawesi Selatan dan Kalimantan Timur

Pudjiastuti; Sa'roni; Nuratni, B
Research and Development Centre for Pharmacy, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 1; p 183-190

Abstract:
A survey had been conducted to find out species of plants for curing headache in South Sulawesi and East Kalimantan. This survey was a result of an exploration by means of interview with local citizen and the assistance of local university students. It was based upon the last two weeks headache cured with medicinal plant preparation. Conclusion of the survey showed that there were 17 kinds of plant used to alleviate headache, i.e. "turi", "srikaya", "sirsak", "bawang merah", "belimbing wuluh", "sembung", "kesumba", "sampi", "saldo", "cocor bebek", "beluntas", "sirih", "pisang", "bang bangkara", "raja bangun", "raja membangun" and "bangle". The medicinal plants, the recipes, and the way to use them were different in both provinces.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 69153

A study on the utilization of banana (Musa sp.) as shade for coffee and cocoa II. Supply of planting material by in vitro propagation, multiplication of micro shoots in Musa paradisiaca
Kajian penggunaan pisang (Musa sp.) sebagai penaung pada kopi dan kakao II. Penyediaan bibit secara in vitro, penggandaan tunas mikro pada Musa paradisiaca

Priyono; Mawardi, S
Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute, Jember, East Java, Indonesia

Pelita Perkebunan [Estate Torch] 9 (2): 67-73 (1993)

Abstract:
Multiplication of banana micro shoots had been conducted in the Laboratory of Tissue Culture of the Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute (ICCRI). The objective of this study was to find out the effect of Napthalene Acetic Acid (NAA), Benzylaminopurine (BAP), adenine and coconut water on the multiplication of micro shoots. The experiment consisted of two stages. The first stage was aimed to find out the effect of adenine and BAP on micro shoot multiplication on the media enriched with NAA. The second stage was carried out after determining the optimal concentration of BAP which was aimed to find out the effect of BAP, NAA and coconut water. The results showed that BAP and coconut water had good effect. The most appropriate concentration of BAP was 1.0 mg/l. The role of BAP in this process could be replaced by 1.0 % coconut water.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 80005

Perennials in reforestation: the economic aspects of some alternative agroforestry systems


van Dijk, MP
Working Paper No. 15, Kali Konto Project, 1987; 34p

Abstract:
A large number of species is treated individually describing yield, prices, processing, problems and prospects, and recommendations. Data are mainly from literature with occasional information from the Konto river area.

Availability :
Library; International Agricultural Centre (IAC); Lawickse Allee 11, P. O. Box 88, 6700 AB Wageningen, the Netherlands; phone: (31) (0) 317 495 495; fax: (31) (0) 317 495 395
Email: iac@iac.agro.nl




NO. 101598

Growing banana and pineapple as intercrops of rambutan
Penanaman sela pisang dan nenas di antara rambutan

Suharto; Wahyudi, T
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture, Solok, West Sumatera, Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 6 (3): 28-35 (1994)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted in a farmer's field of rambutan in Kampar district, Riau from April 1993 to March 1994. The aim of the experiment was to evaluate the influence of banana and pineapple in intercropping with rambutan on land productivity and farmer's income. Land Equivalent Ratio (LER) was used to evaluate land productivity, and Kindangen's formula was used to analyse farmer's income. The results showed that banana and pineapple intercropped with rambutan was more efficient than pineapple intercropped with rambutan or banana intercropped with rambutan. LER values of the three intercropping systems were 2.27, 1.85, and 1.84 with marginal rate of return (MRR) 464%, 406% and 391%, respectively.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library
Email: dir-riv@indo.net.id




NO. 94762

Taxonomic description of the plant species used as resting materials of common birds: Implications to aviary establishment and management


Buot, IE; Tulabing, CC
University of Southern Mindanao (USM) R&D Journal: 6 (1&2) 1998

Abstract:
Twenty plant species making up the nesting materials of some common birds were identified and described. Twelve species were herbaceous, four species were trees, two species were shrubby, one fern, and one tall grass (bamboo). The result is relevant to aviary establishment and management. Curators should see to it that such species are present in the proposed aviary sites.

Availability :
One-Stop-Information-Shop, Central Luzon Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium (CLARRDEC), Central Luzon State University, Muñoz, Nueva Ecija; Philippines




NO. 95343

Antiseptic and healing properties of indigenous plants


Bernardo, GQ; Oliver, N
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights '99; Los Baños, Laguna Philippines; 2000; PCARRD, Belen, EH (ed); p 62

Abstract:
With the growing interest in herbal medicines, the authors compared the antiseptic and healing properties of providone-iodine solution versus leaf juice, sap and ointment preparation of 12 indigenous plants, namely malunggay (Moringa oleifera), talikod (Phyllanthus niruri), penga-penga (Heliotropium indicum), kuribetbet (Tabernaemontana pandacaqui), makahiya (Mimosa pudica), labtang (Anamirta cocculus), camantigi (Impatiens balsamina), banana (Musa sapientum), sunflower (Helianthus annuus), guava (Psidium guajava), payokpok (Vernonia cinerea) and sabila (Aloe barbadensis). Findings: All plants reduced inflammations or swelling, and degree of redness on wounds. Leaf juices of talikod, kuribetbet, malunggay, sunflower and penga-penga enhanced healing of wounds in rabbits by 4-6 days compared to providone-iodine solution. Leaf juices of talikod, penga-penga, kuribetbet, malunggay, camantigi, makahiya and labtan sap prevented formation of pus.

Availability :
Library; Crops Research Division; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development, Los Baños, Laguna




NO. 20606

Laboratory studies on the effects of selected tropical fruits on the larvae of Dacus dorsalis Hendel


Ibrahim, AG; Rahman, MDA
Agricultural University of Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Pertanika 5(1): 90-94 (1982)

Abstract:
A laboratory study (27 ºC - 30 ºC) on the suitability of tropical fruits for the larval development shows that it is in the order of: Papaya > carambola > banana > mango = watermelon > jackfruit > citrus > pineapple. In a suitable host i.e. papaya, the weight of the pupa was 11.6 g and life-cycle was 20.4 days. In the least suitable host i.e. pineapple, the weight of pupa was 4.9 g and life-cycle was 17.4 days. With papaya as food, the life-cycle of Dacus dorsalis depended on the density of the larvae within the food. A density of 10 larvae in 20 g of food had a life-cycle of 21.7 days, whereas a density of 50 larvae in the same quantity of food had a life-cycle of 15.1 days. The percentage of adult emergence decreased with increase in the larval density.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kepong; Selangor




NO. 38502

Root activity of banana under monoculture and as intercrop with papaya and pineapple


Angeles, DE; Samonte, HP
The Philippine Agriculturist 73(1): 47-53 (1990)

Abstract:
The active rootzone of 11-month-old banana grown as monocrop and as intercrop with papaya and pineapple was determined using radioactive phosphorus (32P). The tracer was applied at 20, 40, 60 and 80 cm from the trunk, 15 and 30 cm deep and the activity of the third leaf was determined on the 8th, 16th and 24th day after application. Under both cropping systems, about uniform activity was observed at 15 cm deep within 20 to 80 cm radius. Higher root activity of banana was observed at 30 cm deep within a 20 to 40 cm radius.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 101953

Concept of fruit trees conservation with 'lembo' system in the Kutai society of Kota Bangun and Kenohan subdistricts, Kutai regency, East Kalimantan
Konsep pelestarian pohon buah-buahan dengan sistem lembo pada masyarakat Kutai, dikecamatan Kota Bangun dan Kenohan, Kabupaten Kutai, Kalimantan Timur

Siregar, M; Fanani, Z; Riswan, S
Research and Development Institute for Botany, Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 2; p 351-362

Abstract:
One of the effects of forest destruction is the loss of biological genetic resources. The traditional shifting cultivators who practice slash and burn agriculture are accused as forest destroyers. However, they have a concept of plant conservation which is useful for them. For example, the local species of edible fruits which are pushed aside by imported fruits, can be found in "lembo" system. Lembo is a product of the indigenous people (especially shifting cultivators) in East Kalimantan which has been developed from generation to generation. This system can also be considered as a mini-scale forest in rural agroecosystem which has an integrated multiple function of the areas and social life. Results of the case study in Kota Bangun and Kenohan subdistricts, East Kalimantan, indicated that "lembo" system contains many local edible fruit species. From four lembos, 43 species of edible fruits were found. The species diversity of the edible fruits were 25.5-75.0% of the total species or 58-91.1% of the total individual trees in each lembo. The structure of lembo and spatial arrangement were described and discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 101938

Utilization of different plant species in the life-cycle ceremony of Kaili tribe in Central Sulawesi
Pemanfaatan berbagai jenis tanaman dalam upacara daur hidup suku Kaili di Sulawesi Tengah

Kasim, A
Faculty of Biology, Faculty of Teachers' Training and Education Sciences, Tadulako University; Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 2; p 250-255

Abstract:
The Kailinese, who live in Palu (capital city of Central Sulawesi), have their own traditional ceremonies. One of the traditions which is still performed by the Kailinese is the life-cycle ceremony, i.e. wedding, having a baby and funeral ceremonies. For these ceremonies they use many kinds of plants. These plants are discussed in this paper.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 110506

The consumer preference to local and imported fruits in Jakarta Special Province
Preferensi konsumen buah lokal dan impor di DKI Jakarta

Deliana, Y
Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia

Journal of Padjadjaran University, Bandung 16 (1): 27-33 (1998)

Abstract:
The increase of income and social welfare of the communities would certainly cause the increase of preference for fruits, for instance to get better quality. A research was conducted with the objectives: (1) to provide information on consumer preferences to local and imported fruits based on income level, (2) to know the potential market of local and imported fruits, (3) to find out local or imported fruits used as a substitute or complement. The methodology of this research was a survey method. The survey was conducted in Pasar Minggu village, Pasar Minggu subdistrict, Jakarta Special Province with 30 responded. The results of this research: (1) local fruits such as mangosteen, mango, snake fruit, and duku were chosen by high-income consumers, while non-nominated local fruits such as banana, papaya, pineapple, watermelon, rambutan and avocado were chosen by middle and low-income consumers. Imported fruits were chosen by middle and high-income consumers. The higher the income the more variety of fruits bought by the consumers, (2) marketing of local fruits in Jakarta Special Province is very potential, (3) local fruits will substitute imported fruits when the price of the imported fruits is high.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Padjadjaran University




NO. 92008

Moist storage of agriculture products


Gutierrez, HM
Greenfields 22 (1): 40-45 (1994)

Abstract:
Fruits and vegetables can be stored up to eight months when storage temperature was kept between 1 °C to 15 °C. Storage life can be prolonged by controlling the concentrations of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the storage air. Under these conditions, the activities of microorganisms and enzymes, the rate of respiration, and product wilting and shivering can be reduced or eliminated.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development, Library; Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5360 014 - 20; fax: (63) (49) 5360 016
Email: pcarrd@pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 90119

Additions to Philippine fungi


Soytong, K; de Guzman, RO
Philippine Phytopathology 23 (1&2): 37 (1987)

Abstract:
Ampelomyces sp. found to be associated with powdery mildew on squash and Darluca sp. in the uredinia of a legume rust, are reported in the Philippines for the first time. Both fungi are reported in other countries as mycoparasites. Other crops infected with powdery mildew and rust were examined but neither of the fungi were found on any of them. Spegazzinia sp. from rice seed, Phyllachora sp. from banana, teliospores from pole sitao rust, and a possible Guignardia sp. from folia are also reported.

Availability :
Main Library, University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Email: vga@library.upb.edu.ph




NO. 106798

Effects of mulch and rotation of tomato with other vegetables on soils in mixed cropping of mango, bananas and soursop intercropped
Pengaruh mulsa dan rotasi tomat dengan sayuran lain pada lahan di antara kombinasi tanaman mangga, pisang dan sirsak

Hutagalung, L; Thamrin, M
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH), Pasarminggu, Jakarta, Indonesia

Jurnal Hortikultura [Horticultural Journal] 5 (3): 57-69 (1995)

Abstract:
A study was conducted with the objective to find out the most advantage vegetable planting profile on land in mixed cropping of mango, banana and soursop. The experiment was conducted in the Experimental Garden of Jeneponto Research Station for Horticulture from October 1993 to September 1994. Tomato and other vegetables were planted in between the fruit trees. The results indicated that the empty space in between the fruit trees was suitable for vegetable for two seasons. Planting of tomato by using mulches showed the best return. The rotation profile of vegetables in mixed cropping of mango and soursop was tomato-tomato with the use of mulch that showed B/C ratio of 2.05, in mixed cropping of soursop and banana was tomato-tomato with mulch which has B/C ratio of 2.69, in mixed cropping of mango and banana soursop was tomato-tomato with mulch that exhibited B/C ratio of 2.58, and in cropping soursop plantation was tomato-tomato with mulch which showed B/C ratio of 3.01. Application of the technology will generate advantage with the income from vegetables planted in between the fruits trees.

Availability :
Library of Research Institute for Vegetables; Lembang; Bandung; Indonesia




NO. 94817

Breadfruit, the miracle fruit-vegetable


Schoenig, E
The Philippine Scientist 14: 52-55 (1977)

Abstract:
The article describes the relevant uses and description of breadfruit, including some of the uses of the fruit in the Philippine history. A tabular comparison of the values of four common food items - breadfruit, banana, eggplant and cucumber are also available.

Availability :
Rizal Library; Ateneo de Manila University; Katipunan road, Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 92336

Extraction of essential (volatile) oils from some Philippine fruits


Anzaldo, FE; Coronel, VQ; dela Cruz, C; Recana, MP; Alcoba, EM
NRCP Research Bulletin 41(3 & 4): 479-504 (1989); HERDIN Database; PC912111; MFN 007464

Abstract:
Volatile oils are present and can easily be obtained from local fruits like banana, jackfruit, kaimito, soursop, kabuyao and limoncito. Some of the compounds identified are those that are used as flavorants and medicinals. Alpha-pinene is a starting material in the synthesis of some medicinals; limonene and citral are flavorants. The extracted volatile oils can be used as ingredients in the formulation of new flavors for desserts, cookies and pastries. They can also be used in masking undesirable odor or taste of certain medicinal preparations. Certain cosmetics like lipsticks, bath soaps and shampoos also make use of fruity aroma. The utilization of these materials, which otherwise would be kitchen or factory wastes, for the production of scents, odorants or flavors may minimize imports and eventually help in the conservation of the dollar reserves of the country.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development; DOST Complex; Bicutan; Taguig; Metro Manila




NO. 92664

Species alpha diversity of Pagbilao Grande Island vegetations, Quezon Province, Philippines


Gruezo, WSM
Asia Life Sciences 7 (1): 39-92 (1998)

Abstract:
Five vegetation types were recorded from Pagbilao Grande Island (PGI), Quezon Province, Philippines, namely: (1) remnants of limestone or molave forest; (2) grassland-parang type; (3) coconut plantation cum brushlands/ secondary forest; (4) mangrove-swamp forests, and (5) small strips of beach forest. A total of 251 vascular plant species belonging to 220 genera and 72 families were recorded from actual floristic surveys and vegetation analyses of PGI. This total number of species increased to 301 in 230 genera and 81 families with the inclusion of two study localities in mainland Pagbilao. About 41% of the island's total plant species belong to the weedy or ruderal types which are mostly annuals or biennials, hence their peak population densities were markedly seasonal in nature. These species are indicators of high level of disturbance of the landscape or ecosystem. Comparison among 26 study plots, 5 transect lines, 3 sites, and between 2 localities using the Shannon diversity index (H') revealed the following: (1) H' value ranged from 0.64 to 3.54 at plot level, the highest recorded in the ecotone of coconut plantation-secondary forest and grassland-parang type of vegetations; (2) at transect line level, H'value ranged from 2.51 to 3.90, the highest value recorded from same area with mixed vegetation types as in plot level; (3) at site level, H'value ranged from 2.51 to 4.26, the highest value was obtained from the island as a whole and (4) at locality level, H' value ranged from 3.15 to 4.26. The entire study area had highest H' value (=4.41) indicating a remarkably high level of plant diversity. Ten additional diversity indices- S, C, E, d, Dmg. Dmn, HB, HBe, N1 and N2, were used to evaluate the raw data obtained in this study. Majority of these measures supported the overall diversity trend shown by Shannon index. Additionally, the potential or actual uses and/or ecological roles of all taxa recorded in this study are also presented in this paper, including notes on some rare or endangered endemic taxa. A rare biological phenomenon involving formation of pistillate cones (megasporophylls) in Cycas revolutaan introduced cycad of temperate origin, is recorded for the first time. In the Philippines and probably elsewhere in the tropics, this cycad species is commonly asexually propagated by using plantlets or suckers from stem base of mature plants.

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines Los Baños; College; Laguna




NO. 103755

Possibility of the development of horticultural agribusiness in the dry-climate lowlands along the Brantas watershed, Tulungagung and Trenggalek districts
Peluang pengembangan agribisnis hortikultura di wilayah dataran rendah iklim kering DAS Brantas Kabupaten Tulungagung dan Trenggalek

Santoso, P; Kasijadi, F
Malang Research Station for Horticulture, Malang, Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional [Proceedings of the National Symposium on Horticulture], Malang, 8-9 November 1994; Wardiyati, T et al. (eds); Malang, Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia & Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Negeri Brawijaya, 1995; Buku 2; p 715-719

Abstract:
Research was carried out in dry-climate lowland region along the Brantas watershed, Tulungagung and Trenggalek districts in 1993, using survey method. The aim of this research was to know the possibility of the development of horticultural agribusiness, especially the production and marketing subsystem. The result showed, that among citrus, mango, banana and pepper in dry-climate lowland region along the Brantas watershed in Tulungagung and Trenggalek districts, mango agribusiness had the best possibility. In the subsystem of production, agribusiness of mango showed the most feasible commodity to be developed, similar to the marketing subsystem that was found to be the most efficient compared to citrus, banana and chili.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 90977

Root activity of banana under monoculture and as intercrop with papaya and pineapple


Angeles, DE; Samonte, HP
The Philippine Agriculturist 73 (1): 47-53 (1990)

Abstract:
The active rootzone of 11-month-old banana grown as monocrop and as intercrop with papaya and pineapple was determined using radioactive phosphorus (32P). The tracer was applied at 20, 40, 60 and 80 cm from the trunk, 15 and 30 cm deep and the activity of the third leaf was determined on the 8th, 16th and 24th day after application. Under both cropping systems, about uniform activity was observed at 15 cm deep within 20 to 80 cm radius. Higher root activity of banana was observed at 30 cm deep within a 20 to 40 cm radius.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; University of the Philippines; Los Baños; College; Laguna




NO. 95000

Fruit crops manuring


Ibbay, SI
Philippine Mango Forum 1 (3): 99-112 (1995)

Abstract:
This article provides information on fertilization using green manure to different fruit crops and its effect on tree plants.

Availability :
Mango Information Network (MIN); Crops Research Division; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD)




NO. 110385

Improvement of packaging technique for fresh fruits to reduce level of mechanical damage; a case study in Central Java Province
Perbaikan teknik pengemasan buah-buahan segar untuk mengurangi tingkat kerusakan mekanis studi kasus di Propinsi Jawa Tengah

Widodo, KH; Suyitno; Guritno, AD
Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Agritech 17 (1): 14-17 (1997)

Abstract:
Mechanical damages of fresh fruits may happen in traditional packaging methods. A research was conducted with the aim to find some alternative methods to reduce mechanical damage during transportation. The variables used in the study were vibration and drop test, and the study was implemented for avocado, mango, banana and papaya. Using equivalent bruise index percentage, it is known that the packaging models suggested are capable to reduce the mechanical damages (% EBI) from 15.01% to 22.33% through 1.57% to 9.17%. The results obtained give alternatives for each commodity. The best packaging model for mango is the corrugate carton, followed by the wooden box V type, the plastic basket and traditional packaging (bamboo basket). Whereas for avocado, the best packaging model is the plastic basket, followed by the corrugated carton. On the other hand, the corrugated carton is the best for papaya, followed by the wooden box V type, the plastic basket and traditional packaging (partition). The final result of the research suggests that the wooden box V type is the best for all commodities. This packaging method uses a linked hinge which is easier for distribution, and surely it needs only little space at transportation.

Availability :
Lembang Research Institute for Vegetables; Lembang; Bandung; Indonesia




NO. 20590

Changes of starch and sugar in the ripening process of fruits
Perubahan kanji dan gula dalam proses kematangan buah-buahan

Marziah, M
Agricultural University of Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor

Pertanika 7 (3): 127-130 (1984)

Abstract:
The content of starch and total sugars in bananas, papayas and oranges at different ages and stages of maturity have been determined. In all the fruits studied, the starch content was found to be high in younger fruits and then began to decrease as the fruits matured and ripened. Comparing all the three types of fruits studied, bananas seemed to have the highest starch content followed by papayas and oranges. The levels of sugars, on the other hand, were initially low, then continue to increase until the ripening stage. Papayas (particularly the yellow flesh) appeared to have the highest concentration of sugars, followed by pisang berangan, oranges and pisang nangka. The rates of starch and sugar changes varied with fruit types and varieties.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 36966

Postharvest ripening and degreening of banana and citrus fruits with 2-chloroethylphosphonic acid (Ethrel)


Bondad, ND
Philippine Agriculturist 55 (7 & 8): 310-321 (1972)

Abstract:
The effectiveness of ethrel as a ripening stimulant was studied in Lakatan banana. The onset and magnitude of the climacteric were earlier and higher in treated than controlled fruits. Ethrel at 2500 and 5000 ppm had identical effects on colour development regardless of ripening temperature. Compared to calcium carbide, ethrel was a better degreening agent for citrus, variety `Szinkom'. Calcium carbide and ethrel had no statistical significant effects on the total soluble solids, titratable acidity, percent citric acid, and solid to acid ratio.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Baños; Laguna




NO. 38332

Regulation of fruit ripening: I. Refrigerated controlled atmosphere storage


Pantastico, ERB; Mendoza Jr, DB; Espino, VC; Bondad, ND; Calara, ER
The Philippine Agriculturist 54 (3-4): 120 (1970)

Abstract:
`Bungulan' bananas, `Piko' and `Carabao' mangoes, lanzones, calamansi, `2029' tomatoes, `California Wonder' sweet pepper, and `Table Green' cucumber fruits were stored in low O2 and high CO2 atmospheres. Controlled atmosphere storage prolonged the storage life and ripening period when the proper concentrations of O2 and CO2 were used. A very low level of O2 (1%) or very high CO2 concentrations (10 and 15%) produced irreparable peel injury and impaired the ripening process. Ripening of bananas in 10 and 15% CO2 was induced earlier than in 5% CO2 level probably because of CO2 injury.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 71971

Survey on herbicide Basta in orchard
Khao sat thuoc tru co Basta tren tap doan co dai vuon cay an qua

Hoang Lam; Nguyen Thi Hanh
Thong tin Bao ve Thuc vat [Plant Protection Bulletin] (2): 43-44 (1989)

Abstract:
Wild grass poses a difficult problem to solve in fruit plants, especially in citrus and pineapple. It can reduce 20-30% of citrus yield, and 40-50% of pineapple yield. This paper presents results of Basta herbicide testing in citrus, mandarin, and banana orchards. This herbicide may be used to control wild grass.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 70992

Report on the survey of virus diseases, insect vector and natural enemies in Vietnam
Mot so ket qua dieu tra benh Virus hai cay an qua va dau bo

Ha Minh Trung; Pham van Lam; Ngo Vinh Vien
Tap chi Bao ve Thuc vat [Journal of Plant Protection] 128 (2): 27-29 (1993)

Abstract:
Ten viral diseases were found. They were banana bunchy top virus and cucumber mosaic virus in banana, Papaya ring spot virus and leaf curly virus in papaya, Citrus greening and tristeza in sweet orange and mandarin, cowpea stunt virus in asparagus beans.

Availability :
Library of Sciences and Technology; Hanoi; Vietnam




NO. 101602

Land management planning model for fruit farming development at medium elevation of upper Brantas watershed
Model perencanaan pengelolaan lahan untuk pengembangan usahatani buah-buahan di dataran medium DAS Brantas Hulu

Kasijadi, F
Balai Penelitian Horticultura Solok [Solok Research Institute for Horticulture]; Solok, West Sumatera, Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 6 (3): 63-82 (1994)

Abstract:
A research was conducted by dividing the Brantas watershed region into 2 agroclimate zones. In each zone two villages of fruit production centre were purposively determined as samples. In each village 30 sample farmers were selected using stratified random sampling method. Data were analyzed using linear goal programming. The results showed that so far farmers at medium land were not fully alocating their land in line with land resources development. To reach the objective of land resources development, the farmers shoud optimally grow fruit commodities, such as apple and sweet orange for dry climate, apple and mandarin for moderate climate. The limiting factor to optimize the land resources development using farm as the main crop was the availability of farmers' capital. Reducing fruit price till 20% did not change dominant fruit crops grown by farmers.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library
Email: dir-riv@indo.net.id




NO. 92906

Comparative antidiabetic activities of some medicinal plants


Villasenor, IM; Cabrera, MA; Meneses, RB; Rivera, VRR; Villasenor, RM
The Philippine Journal of Science 127 (4): 261-266 (1998)

Abstract:
The methanolic and aqueous extracts from popular, abundant and relatively cheap sources such as banana flowers, pipino fruits, and leaves of ampalaya, kangkong, kamote, makopa, and tanglad were tested for their comparative antidiabetic activities using albino mice as test animals. The blood glucose levels were determined using haemogluco test strips. The results of the bioassay of the aqueous extracts showed that the most potent antidiabetic plant is banana flowers while the comparative antidiabetic potencies of the other plants are: tanglad leaves > pipino fruits > kangkong leaves > makopa leaves > ampalaya leaves > kamote leaves. An infusion from mango leaves did not exhibit antidiabetic activity. The organic extract of makopa leaves is the most antidiabetic followed by kangkong and mango leaves. The organic extracts of banana flowers and kamote, ampalaya, and tanglad leaves exhibited low antidiabetic potentials.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development, Library; Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5360 014 - 20; fax: (63) (49) 5360 016




NO. 95423

Comparative antidiabetic activities of some medicinal plants


Villasenor, IM; Cabrera, MA; Meneses, KB; Rivera, VRR; Villasenor, RM
The Philippine Journal of Science 127 (4): 261-266 (1998)

Abstract:
The methanolic and aqueous extracts from popular, abundant and relatively cheap sources such as banana flowers, pipino fruits, and leaves of ampalaya, kangkong, kamote, makopa and tanglad were tested for their comparative antidiabetic activities using albino mice as test animals. The blood glucose levels were determined using haemoglucotest strips. The results of the bioassay of the aqueous extracts showed that the most potent antidiabetic plant was banana flowers while the comparative antidiabetic potencies of the other plants are: tanglad leaves> pipino fruits> kangkong leaves> makopa leaves> ampalaya leaves> kamote leaves. An infusion from mango leaves did not exhibit antidiabetic activity. The organic extract of makopa leaves was the most antidiabetic followed by kangkong and mango leaves. The organic extracts of banana flowers and kamote, ampalaya, and tanglad leaves exhibited low antidiabetic potential.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 14236

Medicinal properties of fruits
Sapphakhun khong phonlamai nai ngae samunphrai

Anonymous
Warasan Songsoem Kan Kaset [Agricultural Extension Journal] 22 (59): 29-32 (1992)

Abstract:
Medicinal properties of sugar apple, mangosteen, banana and papaya are described.

Availability :
Central Library; Kasetsart University; Bangkok




NO. 68984

Inventory of honey bee feed plants in Wiladatika, Cibubur, area
Inventarisasi tanaman pakan lebah di wilayah Wiladatika Cibubur

Sittadewi, H; Kustantiny, A
Board of Study and Application of Technology, Jakarta, Indonesia

Majalah BPPT (Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi) [Journal of the Board of Study and Application of Technology] No. LII: 1-9 (1993)

Abstract:
One of the activities held at Widya Mandala Krida Bakti Pramuka (Wiladatika) Cibubur is honey bee keeping which is done by the Pusat Apiari Pramuka (Scout Apiary Center). In the area of about 253.6 ha there are many plants that can be used as bee forage. To measure the potential of bee forage, an inventory was carried out to list the plants. Leaf samples were collected in herbarium form and followed by plant identification. The inventory resulted in potential figure of bee forage in this area, in which about 133 plant species were found. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Centre for Training and Education, Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology 3169 090, 3169 091-93




NO. 69005

Population, habitat and conservation status of Macaca maurus, Macaca tonkeana and their putative hybrids


Supriatna, J; Froehlich, JW; Erwin, JM; Southwick, CH
Department of Biology, University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

Tropical Biodiversity 1 (1): 31-48 (1992)

Abstract:
The habitat of Macaca maurus is fragmented and degraded, and only very small nature reserves have been established; Macaca tonkeana is distributed more widely and protected in the larger National Parks of Lore Lindu and Marowali. Population studies confirmed that the densities of Macaca maurus in disturbed forest had declined and the ratio of immature to adult monkeys had also been affected. Populations in disturbed forest were small, scattered, isolated, and less than 20 animals/km2, except in proximity to human habitation. High infant mortality or less succesfull reproduction was indicated by the relative shortage of infants and juveniles in these disturbed forests. For these reasons, more nature reserves for Macaca maurus were needed. There were two possible areas to be converted to nature reserves, i.e. Batumilla forest and Mount Lompobatang forest. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 39326

Evidence of cadang-cadang disease as coming from weed Elephantopus mollis


Protacio, DB
Philippine Phytopathological Society, c/o Dept. of Plant Pathology, Institute of Biological Sciences, U.P. Los Baños, College, Laguna, Philippines

Philippine Phytopathology 13 (1 & 2): 1-2 (1977)

Abstract:
Elephantopus mollis mosaic virus (EMMV) incites two distinct diseases on Elephantopus mollis. One strain produces very mild chlorosis and the other induces prominent veins. Mixture, however, constitutes prominent mottling resembling TMV. The mild chlorosis strain (EMMV1) induces severe types of symptoms on abaca, like bronzing accompanied by water-soaked spots, characteristic of cadang-cadang symptoms on coconut. The prominent veins strain (EMMV2) produces typical mosaic symptoms but distinct from the Davao form of abaca mosaic. When introduced into young coconut seedlings it also induces mottling symptoms at its early stage and changes into chlorotic streaks with age. Mixture of Bokingan and Elephantopus mollis strains produce the typical water-soaked spots typical of cadang-cadang, suggesting that a "helper" component may be needed to induce the disease. With aphid as vectors, the virus has an incubation period of 5-14 days on abaca, 10-50 days on Elephantopus mollis and 27-60 days on coconut.

Availability :
Main Library, University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Email: vga@library.upb.edu.ph




NO. 14966

Anthithiamin factor in fruits, mushrooms and spices
San thamlai thiamin nai phonlamai het lae khruangthet

Rattanapanone, V
Faculty of Medical Science, Chiang Mai University; Chiang Mai, Thailand

Chiang Mai Wetchasan [Chiang Mai Medical Bulletin] 18 (1): 9-16 (1979)

Abstract:
The activities on antithiamin factors in 19 fruits, 7 mushrooms and 16 spices were determined. It was found that only 3 mushrooms have antithiamin activity i.e. Auricularia polytricha, Pseudohydnum and Polyporus. Thermostable factor was found in 2 mushrooms i.e. Auricularia polytricha and Pleurotus; in 7 fruits i.e. Musa, roseapple, pineapple, durian, mangosteen, mango, apple and all spices. Other species listed are Zizyphus, Pachyrrhizus, Bouea, Achras, Ananas, Vitis, Citrullus, Nephelium, Garcinia, Durio, Mangifera, Salacca, Citrus, Pyrus, Allium, Cinnamomum, Illicium, Zingiber, Alpinia, Piper, Amomum, Myristica, Coriandrum, Curcuma, and Cuminum.

Availability :
Thailand National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 25299

Erosion losses from banana-pineapple intercropping and soil loss prediction using RUSLE


Jamal, T; Almas, MA; Wan Sulaiman, WH
Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

UPM Research Report 1998; Vol. 2; Serdang, Selangor, Universitas Putra Malaysia, nd

Abstract:
A study was conducted to evaluate erosion losses from banana-pineapple intercropping and to predict soil loss using the Revised Universal Soil loss Equation (RUSLE). Banana-pineapple intercrop is a better alternative practice for controlling long-term soil loss and water run off from slope agricultural lands. The pineapple when planted in hedgerows acts as thick barrier against surface run off.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 22891

The development of pureed baby food using local fruits and vegetable


Osman, H; Soleha, I; Suriah, AR; Norimah, AK
National University of Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Proceeding of the National IRPA Seminar (Agriculture), 6-11 January 1992, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Kuala Lumpur; Vol. 2 (Livestock, Fisheries, Food and harvest, Forestry, General); p 594-595

Abstract:
A study was carried out with the objective to identify the agricultural commodity for further processing into pureed baby food and to obtain a range of baby formulation. Findings on the demands, the development of formulation and processing parameters are highlighted.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 37300

Utilization of different fruits in the preparation of nata


Sangalang, LP
Central Luzon State University; Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines

BSc thesis; Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, Central Luzon State University; 1976; 23 p

Abstract:
A study was conducted to determine the suitability of five fruits namely, coconut (as control), guyabano, guava, mango and banana in the preparation of nata. Results of the study showed that nata cultures from guayabano, guava and mango were comparable to the control in growth rate. Nata culture from banana exhibited very poor growth. Sweetened nata from the three fuits were likewise comparable to the control in eye appeal, texture and palatability characteristics. Sweetened nata from banana had very low quality characteristics.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; RET; Central Luzon State University; Muñoz, Nueva Ecija; Philippines




NO. 25298

The role of root biomass on soil structure and its effect on soil-erosion in upland intercropping system


Adrinal, TJ; Ramlan, MF
Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

UPM Research Report 1998; Vol. 2; Serdang, Selangor, Universitas Putra Malaysia, nd

Abstract:
A study with the objectives to measure the effect of root biomass on aggregate stability, bulk density, water retention capacity of upland intercropping system of banana, pineapple and immature rubber was conducted. Preliminary results showed that aggregate stability, bulk density and organic matter content were influenced significantly by crop treatment whereby soil loss were significantly reduced by cropping system. The highest stability index was obtained from banana plot and lowest in the pineapple plots.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25017

Effects of surface treatments of selected local fruits


Mohamed, S
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

UPM Research Report, 1993; Serdang, Selangor, Universitas Putra Malaysia, nd

Abstract:
A variety of Malaysian fruits were surface-treated with different concentrations of hydrophobic substances such as palm oil, fatty acid sucrose ester, liquid paraffin, starch and LDPE wrappings. LDPE shrin-kwrap/clingwrap, paraffin or palm oil was found to be effective in reducing weight loss and maintaining the firmness of most fruits and extending their storage life. The skin colour of guava was found to be most effectively preserved for about 8 weeks by 20% palm oil, while those of pineapples, starfruit, papaya, honey dew and bananas were best maintained by paraffin. Paraffin treatment caused lesions to the skin of some fruits e.g. guava and pineapples. Significant colour changes were observed between treatments after 2 weeks' storage. For guava, palm oil (20%) caused significantly less colour change during the storage period and was the best treatment for maintaining its colour at 10 °C storage, until about 8 weeks. This was followed by shrinkwrap, clingwrap packaging and 1% semperfresh. The treatments were able to maintain the fruit colour by behaving as a moisture and gaseous barrier. Paraffin was found to extend the storage life of pineapples (10 weeks), starfruits (7 weeks), papaya (5 weeks), honey dew (5 weeks) and bananas (5 weeks), but was incompatible to the guava epidermal layer and caused lesioning and browning of the skin during storage, appearing worse than untreated guava. Colour change was found to be correlated to weight indicating that moisture loss hastened the ripening or chlorophyll loss in the fruits. Colour was also correlated to firmness (ripeness) for most treatments.

Availability :
Universiti Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 36970

Pesticide residue analysis of major fruits


Custudio, H; Magallona, ED
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, College, Laguna

Research Storage and Retrieval System (RETRES) Research Abstracts; UPLB-PCARR, 1980; Philippines Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD); Management Information Systems Division (MISD); Project No. 253; 43 p

Abstract:
Studies on crop protection and pesticide use, insecticide efficacy trials and insecticide analysis are presented. Major Philippine fruits such as bananas, citrus, grapes, mango and papaya were involved in these studies.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Library,




NO. 36971

Crop protection and pesticide use survey


Custudio, H; Magallona, ED
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, College, Laguna

Research Storage and Retrieval System (RETRES) Research Abstracts; [Pesticide Residue Analysis of Major Fruits]; 1980; UPLB-PCARR Proj ect No 253; Study 1; MISD; PCARRD

Abstract:
Selected fruit crop growers from various cropland areas in the country were interviewed to describe their pesticide usage and crop protection practices. The areas chosen and their corresponding crops were: Davao and Kalinga Apayao for banana; Cagayan and Davao for citrus; Cebu for grapes and mango; Guimaras Island for mango and Davao for papaya. Most fruit farmers were aware of the need to protect their crops against pests and diseases. Grape, citrus and mango growers considered the use of pesticides as the primary means of control. They also considered smudging, pruning and burning as an important mechanical control. In using chemicals, most farmers were guided by label recommendations on dosage frequency of spray, pre-harvest spray interval and insecticide-fungicide spray combinations. Most farmers received technical assistance such as shouldering of inputs and miscellaneous expenses from government extension officers. Others derived help from the representatives of chemical distributors.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Library,




NO. 22890

Storage of selected fruits


Abdullah, H; Lam, PC; Rohani, MY; MohdSalleh, P
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Proceeding of the National IRPA Seminar (Agriculture), 6-11 January 1992, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Kuala Lumpur; Vol.II (Livestock, Fisheries, Food and harvest, Forestry, General); p592-593

Abstract:
Recent development on storage of selected Malaysian fruits are discussed in this paper. Among the methods highlighted are refrigeration, modified atmosphere and others.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 102693

Effort to improve the cultivation techniques of mango, melinjo, and bananas in the rural upland areas of Southern part of Magetan
Upaya meningkatkan teknik budidaya mangga, melinjo, dan pisang di wilayah perdesaan lahan kering Kabupaten Magetan bagian selatan

Djatiwalujo, S
Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University, Malang, East Java, Indonesia

Jurnal Universitas Brawijaya [Brawijaya University Journal] 6 (2): 27-34 (1994)

Abstract:
Asurvey was conducted in the southern part of Magetan in East Java. It was found that trees were grown in a mixture with food crops such as cassava and maize. A monoculture technique of mango was found in Tamanarum village of Parang district, and in Kadiren village of Lembeyan district. Bananas were mostly grown in Plangkrongan village of Poncol district, while a mixture of these trees were grown in the gardens of Kawedanaan district. The average number of trees owned by one grower in Plangkrongan village of Poncol district was 3 melinjo trees and 85 banana trees, that in Tawangarum village of Parang district was 48 mango trees, that in Kadiran village of Lembeyan district was 19 young melinjo trees, 68 mango trees and 57 banana trees, and that in Kawedanan district was 19 melinjo trees, 41 mango trees and 36 banana trees. The average yield per tree was 5-13 kg for the banana, 1-6 kg for mango and 14-50 kg, for melinjo. The cultivation of these trees was not intensive, because the growers attention was given more to the growing of food crops leaving the three trees neglected, and because the planting materials of the trees were of local origin, which had not undergone scientific selection.

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 109587

Institutional potential of prime commodities in the dryland area of South Tulungagung
Potensi kelembagaan komoditas andalan di daerah lahan kering Tulungagung Selatan

Sukesi, K
Habitat 9 (103): 36-42 (1998)

Abstract:
A research was conducted to identify the social institutions and the economy on village level which may support the application of agribusiness concept system on prime commodities in the location where the Dryland Development Project (P2LK) in East Java occurred. Observation took place in Demak village, Pucanglaban subdistrict, Tulungagung. Rapid Rural Appraisal and Intensive Study methods were used in the observation. Village leaders (formal and informal), 'PPL' (Agricultural Extention Fieldworkers), Farmers Unit Group and its members were acting as sources of information. The result of the observation showed that prime commodities such as mango (cvs. Arumanis and Manalagi), citrus, melinjo, 'garut' (arrowroot), cassava, corn and bananas were beneficial as intercrops. There were some institutions in the location such as market, 'KUD' (Village Unit Cooperation), shops, Farmers Unit Group, Women Farmers Group and Agricultural Extention Fieldworkers. In order to stabilize the potential of the dryland area with prime commodities, some other institutions such as nurseries, processing factories and marketing were needed. The farmers still need technical guidance and counseling in agriculture.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 22876

Influence of exogenous ethylene in the ripening behaviour of selected fruits


Latifah, MN; AbdShukor, AR; Abdullah, H; Lam, PF; Shokri, A
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Proceeding of the National IRPA Seminar (Agriculture), 6-11 January 1992, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Kuala Lumpur; Vol. 2 (Livestock, Fisheries, Food and harvest, Forestry, General); p 374-375

Abstract:
This paper discusses the quality of ciku fruits, Mas bananas and Harumanis mangoes ripened with exogenous ethylene at different concentrations. No respiratory climacteric peak or an upsurged in the ethylene production was observed in 5 ppm and 20 ppm for ciku fruits. Similar results were observed in all treatments for Mas bananas and 5 ppm Harumanis mangoes. Results obtained indicated that the application of 5 ppm exogenous ethylene provide favourable response and is sufficient to be used for commercial ripening process.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 94137

Isolation and characterization of yeast possibly present in chico (Manilkara zapota van Royen)


Burabod, BN
Bicol University Research and Development Journal 8: 87-98 (1991)

Abstract:
Isolation and characterization of yeast possibly present in chico (Manilkara zapota) and banana (Musa x paradisiaca) was made. Laboratory analyses were carried out at the Laboratory of the Bicol University College of Arts and Sciences from November 1990 to February 1991. Yeast Morphology Agar and Sabouraud Dextrose Agar were used as culture media. To differentiate the isolates, colony formation, cell morphology and method of reproduction were observed. To differentiate colony characteristics, colony outline, edge or margin, colour, surface and consistency were observed. Using the Lodder's Classification and Identification of Protoascomycetes, the researcher found out that the suspected yeast isolated from chico are of the genera Kloeckera and Saccharomyces and the genus Cryptococcus from banana.

Availability :
One-Stop-Information-Shop (OSIS); Bicol Consortium for Agriculture and Resources Research and Development (BCARRD); Pili, Camarines Sur; Philippines




NO. 51381

The landscape ecology of traditional shifting cultivation in an upland Bornean rain forest


Mackie, C
Bureau for Asia and New East, US Agency for International Development; Washington DC., USA

Proceedings Regional Workshop on Impact of Man's Activities on Tropical Upland Forest Ecosystems, 3-6 February 1986, Universiti Pertanian Malaysia; Yusuf Hadi et al (eds); Serdang, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, 1987; p 425 - 464

Abstract:
This study is concerned with the spatial and temporal patterns of forest disturbance from traditional agricultural activities. Field research was conducted in association with the Indonesia-US Man and the Biosphere project, 'Shifting Cultivation and Patch Dynamics in an Upland Forest in East Kalimantan, Indonesia'. Results show that low population densities of shifting cultivators using hand implements can considerably alter vegetation in a tropical forest landscape. However, the preference for clearing secondary as opposed to primary forest concentrates agricultural disturbances to distinct corridors along waterways, leaving large tracts of primary forest conservation goals because a diversity of habitats are created within a matrix of primary forest. The process of site selection, which generates this pattern, is guided by a mixture of environmental, social and economic factors that are quite situation-specific. Fluctuations in population density and economic opportunities, as well as in aspirations, are mirrored in changing preferences for clearing early successional vegetation, secondary forest and primary forest, shifting deforestation. The only evidence of long-term forest loss is from small abandoned gardens cultivated many years in a row and from naturally-occurring landslides. Plot sampling shows that vegetation rapidly re-grows after shifting cultivation and a diversity of tree samplings and stumps occur in fallow fields. In a 13-year-old secondary forest, trees from re-sprouting stumps account for 25% of total basal area. The periodic reuse of secondary forest over the centuries may have favoured trees which can coppice after cutting and burning. These species may be particularly suitable for agroforestry programme elsewhere in Southeast Asia. (Author's abstract).

Availability :
SEAMEO BIOTROP Library




NO. 106597

Inventory of rare fruits in Jimbaran village
Inventarisasi buah-buahan langka di Desa Jimbaran

Muflihah, I
Laboratory of Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Majalah Ilmiah Unud [Udayana University Science Journal] 20 (36): 47-51 (1993)

Abstract:
A research on rare fruits the has been carried out in Jimbaran village, Bali. Interviews showed that there are two categories of rare fruits. The first category includes various cvs. of bananas, mango, lemon, jackfruit and juwet. The second rare category includes tamarind, sawo kecik, bekul, kem, manu, mango, and Mas banana. Due to the pressure of urbanisation these plants are now decreasing in population. Proportional random sampling method (with a 5% sample size) was used to determinate the remaining population.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 94004

Comparative hypoglycemic activities of some Philippine medicinal plants


Villaseqor, IM; Cabrera, M; Meneses, K; Rivera, VR
Inventory of Health Researches: 88 (1997-1998)

Abstract:
The methanolic and aqueous extracts from popular, abundant and relatively cheap sources such as banana flowers, pipino fruits, and leaves of ampalaya, kangkong, kamote, makopa and tanglad were tested for their comparative hypoglycemic activities using albino mice as test animals. The blood glucose levels were determined using haemoglucotest strips. The results of the bioassay of the aqueous extracts showed that the most potent hypoglycemic plant is banana flowers while the comparative hypoglycemic potencies of the other plants are: tanglad leaves, pipino fruits, kangkong leaves, makopa leaves, ampalaya leaves, kamote leaves. An infusion from mango leaves did not exhibit hypoglycemic activity. The organic extract of makopa leaves is the most hypoglycemic followed by kangkong and mango leaves. The organic extracts of banana flowers and kamote, ampalaya, and tanglad leaves exhibited low hypoglycemic potentials.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development(PCHRD); Department of Science and Technology(DOST); Bicutan, Tagig, Metro Manila




NO. 95863

Antiseptic and healing properties of selected leaves for wounds


Bernardo, G
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights '99; Los Baños, PCARRD, 2000; Belen, EH (ed); p 79-80

Abstract:
Bernardo (DMMMSU) determined the chemical composition of some medicinal plants to ascertain their effectiveness as alternative medicines for ointments and other wound remedies. The antiseptic effect and healing properties of selected leaf juice, sap, and ointment were compared with 10% povidone-iodine solution. The project was done in support of Republic Act 8433-Alternative Medicinal Law to promote the indigenous knowledge on the use of medicinal plants. The medicinal plants used in the study were: 1. Moringa oleifera; 2. Phyllanthus niruri -Sampa-sampalukan, Talikod; 3. Heliotropium indicum -Hikaw-hikawan, pengapenga; 4. Tabernaemontana pandacaqui, Kampupot, Kuribebet; 5. Mimosa pudica -Makahiya, bain-bain; 6. Anamirta cocculus -Baoasin, Labtang; 7. Impatiens balsamina-Camantigi, Camantigui; 8. Musa sapientum -Banana; 9. Helianthus annuus-Sunflower; 10. Vernonia cinerea -Tagulinau, Payokpok; 11. Psidium guajava -Guava; 12. Aloe barbadensis -Aloe vera, Sabila. Results of the chemical analysis showed that plant extracts contain medicinal ingredients (alkaloids, flavonoids, glucosides, saponins, sterols, tannins, and triterpenes) with better antiseptic and healing properties that significantly lessened the duration of wound healing by 4 to 6 days as compared with povidone-iodine solution. Application of any of the plant extracts decreased the degree of wound redness from blood red to pinkish and prevented swelling and/or inflammation. Nine plant extracts, namely: Talikod, Penga-penga, Malunggay, Labtang, Camantigue, Makahiya, Kuribetbet, Banana and Sunflower, minimized pus formation.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 69747

Current status and control of plant diseases caused by Fusarium in Malaysia


Salleh, B
School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia; 11800 Penang, Malaysia

BIOTROP Special Publication 54: 23-36 (1994)

Abstract:
Plant diseases caused by Fusarium spp. in Malaysia are becoming more significant since the introduction of intensive and high yielding production systems and genetically uniform cultivars. Severe losses have been incurred in some economically important crops such as tobacco (slanting death caused by Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani), rice (bakanae caused by Fusarium proliferatum and Fusarium moniliforme), asparagus (reddish-brown rot caused by Fusarium nygamai), pepper (slow decline caused by Fusarium solani), watermelon (vascular wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. niveum), and banana (vascular wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense). Current status of the diseases and the control measures being practiced throughout Malaysia are discussed. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library
Email: perpubb@indo.net.id




NO. 69915

Studies on the use of banana (Musa sp.) for coffea and cocoa shading. I. Supply of planting material in vitro formation and rooting of bud-like body of Musa paradisiaca
Kajian penggunaan pisang (Musa sp.) sebagai penaung kopi dan kakao I.Penyediaan bibit secara in vitro, pembentukan dan perakaran bud-like body pada Musa paradisiaca

Priyono; Mawardi, S
Jember Research Institute for Coffee and Cocoa, Jember, East Java, Indonesia

Pelita Perkebunan [Estate Light] 9 (1): 29-35 (1993)

Abstract:
An experiment on in-vitro culture of banana had been carried out at the Laboratory of Tissue Culture of the Indonesian Coffee and cocoa Research Institute. The experiment was aimed at anticipating the need of banana seedlings for temporary shade of young coffee and cocoa, especially for smallholder. It consisted of two experiments. The first experiment was to study the effect of organic N on the formation of bud-like body (BLB), while the second one was to study the effect of auxin on root formation of BLB. The first experiment showed that organic N played important role on the BLB formation. The best result was achieved by combination of three sources of organic N, i.e. 4 mg/l-glutamine, 1 mg/l asparagine and 1 mg/l casein hydrolisate. Each combination of organic N source used in this experiment showed either sinergism or antagonism effect when used simultaneously. The second experiment showed that auxin was effective for the root formation of BLB. The best result was achieved on medium supplemented with 0.3 mg/l NAA.

Availability :
Jember Research Institute for Coffee and Cacao, Library
Email: Iccri@jember.wasantara.net.id




NO. 67548

Utilization of forest resources for Talang Mamak tribe in Seberida, Riau
Pendayagunaan sumber daya hutan bagi suku Talang Mamak di daerah Seberida, Riau

Saim, A; Maryanto, I; Danielson, F
Research and Development Centre for Biology, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani [Proceedings of National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 February 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 381-389

Abstract:
Talang Mamak tribe is native to Seberida district, Riau Province who wholly depends upon gathering, hunting, and cultivation by shifting cultivation. An interview followed by sampling of 36 plant species indicated that the plants are used for treating human as well as animal diseases, for hunting material and so on.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 67631

Inventory of rare plants of Indonesia
Pencacahan dan pendataan tumbuhan langka Indonesia

Nasution, RE; Mogea, JP; Wiriadinata, H; Darnaedi, D; Widjaja, EA; Mahyar, UW; Uji, T; Sulistyarini, D; Sunarti, S
Balibang Botani, Puslitbang Biologi-LIPI, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Hayati, Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI 1991/1992 [Proceedings of a Seminar on Research Finding and Development of Biological Resources, Centre for Research and Development in Biology - LIPI]; Bogor, 6 Mei 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Proyek Litbang SDH, Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI, 1992; p 27-31

Abstract:
An inventory of rare plants of Indonesia, particularly those of Sumatra and Java have been undertaken. During the fiscal year of 1991-1992, 50 species of plant have been succesfully recorded. They consist of orchids, palms, bamboos, wild bananas, ferns, and medicinal plants as well. Data recorded and assembled for each species comprised those items suggested by the IUCN Plant Red Data Book. Results indicated that 14 of the species studied are considered to be endangered, 19 are vulnerable, 10 are rare and 7 others are indeterminate. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 67539

Various food plant species in Wamena, Jayawijaya
Jenis-jenis tumbuhan pangan di Wamena Jayawijaya

Wiriadinata, H
Research and Development Centre for Biology, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani [Proceedings of National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 February 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 323-327

Abstract:
New information on some plant species used as food in Wamena and the surroundings, Jayawijaya, are presented. local names, ways of utilization, ecology and distribution of these plants are discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 67378

Effect of planting distance of rambutan and banana as intercrop on the growth of rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum Linn.)
Pengaruh jarak tanam rambutan dan pisang sebagai tanaman sela terhadap pertumbuhan rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum Linn.)

Suharto; Prasetya, BW; Darwin, H; Padjar, F
Balithorti Solok; Solok, Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 6 (1): 37-44 (1994)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to study the influence of rambutan planting distance and intercrop banana on the growth of non-bearing rambutan and land efficiency. The experiment, arranged in a factorial trial with as Ramdomized Completely Block Design, was conducted at the experimental farm of Solok Research Institute for Horticulture from April 1992 to March 1993. The first factor was planting design consisting of rambutan monoculture and rambutan intercropped with banana, while the second factor was planting distance consisting of 4 m x 9 m, 4 m x 6 m, 4 m x 4.5 m, and 4 x 3 m. The result indicated that until second year of planting, rambutan planting distance did not significantly influence the growth of non-bearing rambutan, so that it was possible to increase land-use efficiency. Bananas as intercropped plant had a good effect, and gave the highest yield on planting distance of 4 m x 4.5 m. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University
Email: admin@lib.ugm.ac.id




NO. 67637

Traditional agricultural system, environment understanding and utilization of plant resources by Dani tribe in Baliem valley
Sistem pertanian tradisional, pemahaman lingkungan dan pemanfaatan sumber daya tumbuhan oleh masyarakat Dani di lembah Baliem

Purwanto, Y; Waluyo, EB
Research and Development Institute for Botany, Research and Development Centre for Biology, LIPI; Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Hayati, Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI 1991/1992 [Proceedings of a Seminar on Research Finding and Development of Biological Resources, Centre for Research and Development in Biology - LIPI]; Bogor, 6 Mei 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Proyek Litbang SDH, Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI, 1992; p 112-123

Abstract:
The Dani tribe residing in Baliem valley is wholly dependant upon natural resources, and is kept in essential balance with nature through religious and cultural control on exploitation. It was found that, more than 214 species of plant were identified as sources of food (54 species), medicines (28 species), clothing material (8 species), dye stuffs (6 species), plants for social and ritual activities (16 species), timbers (56 species), rope material (7 species), material for tools (15 species) and others (7 species). Utilization of these plants in conjunction with their traditional agricultural systems and the management of environments was discusssed. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 101734

Studies on the use of banana (Musa sp.) for coffee and cocoa shading III. Water and nutrient uptakes of some cultivars derived from tissue culture compared to those of the other coffee and cocoa shade trees
Kajian penggunaan pisang (Musa sp.) sebagai penaung pada kopi dan kakao III. Serapan air dan hara beberapa kultivar asal kultur jaringan dibandingkan dengan penaung kopi dan kakao lainnya

Abdullah, S; Prawoto, AA; Priyono
Jember Research Institute for Coffee and Cocoa; Jember, East Java, Indonesia

Pelita Perkebunan [Estate Light] 10 (3): 117-124 (1994)

Abstract:
The experiment on water and nutrient uptakes of some banana cultivars and some species of shade for coffee and cocoa had been conducted at the Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute from January to September 1994. The banana cultivars studied were Ambon Kuning, Dwarf Cavendish, Giant Cavendish, Kayu, and Mas derived from tissue culture, whereas the other shade trees were Gliricidia sp. and Leucaena sp. The results showed that cv. Giant Cavendish absorbed more water than the other cultivars, whereas nutrient uptake by cvs. Kayu, Dwarf Cavendish, Ambon Kuning, and Giant Cavendish was higher than cv. Mas. Among the shade tree species, banana was the highest absorber of water and nutrient. Leucaena sp. absorbed less water and nutrient than banana, and Gliricidia sp. was the lowest. This experiment suggested that in the area with significant dry season, banana cv. Giant Cavendish should not be used as a shade for coffee and cocoa. It is also suggested that the use of banana, especially cvs. Kayu, Dwarf Cavendish, Ambon Kuning and Giant Cavendish should be accompanied by sufficient fertilization, especially which contains phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulphur, iron, zinc, mangan and copper. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Library; Lembang Research Institute for Horticulture; Jl. Tangkuban Perahu No. 517; P.O. Box 8413 Lembang; Bandung 40391; Indonesia; phone: (62) (22) 2786 245; fax: (62) (22) 2786 416, 2786 025
Email: dir-riv@indo.net.id




NO. 102942

Studies on the use of banana (Musa sp.) for coffee and cocoa shading II. Supply of in vitro seedlings, multiplication of micro shoots of Musa paradisiaca
Kajian penggunaan pisang (Musa sp.) sebagai penaung pada kopi dan kakao. II. Penyediaan bibit secara in vitro, penggandaan tunas mikro pada Musa paradisiaca

Priyono; Mawardi, S
Jember Research Institute for Coffee and Cocoa; Jember, East Java, Indonesia

Pelita Perkebunan [Estate Light] 9 (2): 67-73 (1993)

Abstract:
Multiplication of banana micro shoots had been studied in the Laboratory of Tissue Culture of Indonesian Research Institute for Coffee and Cacao. An experiment was conducted to study the effect of Napthaleneacetic acid (NAA), Benzylaminopurine (BAP), adenine and coconut water on micro-shoot multiplication. The experiment consisted of two stages. The first stage was aimed to study the effect of adenine and BAP on micro-shoot multiplication on media enriched with NAA. The second stage was done after determining the optimal concentration of BAP, to study the effect of BAP, NAA and coconut water. The result showed that BAP and coconut water had good effect. The most appropriate concentration of BAP was 1.0 mg/l. The role of BAP in this process could be replaced by 1.0 % coconut water. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library
Email: perpubb@indo.net.id




NO. 101932

"Hot porridge" as a characteristic of Malay food, an ethnobotanical observation
"Bubur pedas" sebagai makanan khas suku Melayu, suatu tinjauan etnobotani

Harsono, T; Riwayati
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Medan Institute of Teachers' Training and Educational Science; Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al. (eds); Buku 2; Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; p 209-212

Abstract:
"Hot porridge" is a specific Malay food that has religious value because of its relationship with the fasting devotion. This food is served only in the month of Ramadhan and consists of parts of 40 plant species. The plants used are discussed. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 106752

Alkaloid and tannin contents, and nutritional values of some forage species given to livestock on Timor island
Kandungan senyawa alkaloida, tannin serta nilai nutrisi beberapa jenis hijauan yang diberikan pada ternak di P. Timor

Jamal, Y; Semiadi, G
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor, Indonesia

Laporan Teknik; Proyek Penelitian, Pengembangan dan Pendayagunaan Biota Darat Tahun 1995/1996 [Technical Report 1995/1996; Research, Development and Utilization of Terrestrial Biota]; Bogor, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Biologi-LIPI, 1996; Bogor, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Biologi-LIPI, p 197-206

Abstract:
A study was conducted to find out the alkaloid, and tannin contents, and nutritional values of several forage species for fattening cattle on Timor island. Samples were collected during the wet and dry seasons. There were 7 major forages often used in the diet, i.e. gmelina (Gmelina arborea), pates/lamtoro (Leucaena leucocephala), daun kupu-kupu (Bauhinia malabarica), galagala/turi (Sesbania glandiflora), gamal (Gliricidia sepium), kabesak (Leucaena leucocephala) and pisang rote (Musa sp.). The results showed that total number of alkaloid compounds varied from 14 to 30. Although there was an increase of alkaloid and tannin concentrations, from the wet to dry season however, the concentrations of the compounds were low (<1%). The increase of concentrations of both compounds between seasons were ranged from 10% to 322%. Nutritional values of the forages during the wet season were considered high. However, there is a need to evaluate nutritional values during the dry season. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 68685

Variation of ewe rearing by model 8-ewe farmers and development prospects in Wanaraja-Garut: A managerial aspect
Keragaman usaha ternak domba oleh peternak model dan prospek pengembangan di daerah Wanaraja-Garut; Aspek manajemen

Suparyanto, A; Djajanegara, A; Sudaryanto
Research Institute for Livestock; Ciawi, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Pengolahan dan Komunikasi Hasil-hasl Penelitian, Adopsi Teknologi Peternakan, 19-20 September 1991, Cisarua, Bogor; Sabrani, M; Kusnadi, U (eds); Bogor, Balai Penelitian Ternak, 1992; p 57-64

Abstract:
Observation on 8-ewe model introduced to farmers in Wanaraja, Garut district was carried out for 11 months. The model was aimed to produce baby lambs every month. Five farmers were given 8 ewes and 1 ram in January 1990. Feeding system, population and reproduction management practised by each farmer were monitored. Results showed that feeding system was carried out quite normally. However, suggested reproductive management of the model was not conducted properly. Therefore, regular lamb production was not achieved by the time of observation. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Institute for Livestock




NO. 158

Banana utilization: an ethnobotanical review
Pendayagunaan tanaman pisang: sebuah tinjauan etnobotani

Rifai, MA
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Kebun Raya [Bulletin of the Botanical Gardens] 2(6): 193-198(1976)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6

Evaluation of fruit ripening behaviour of Indonesian banana cultivars


Panggabean, G
National Biological Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings of the International Symposium on South East Asian Plant Genetic Resources, Jakarta, 20-24 August 1985; Mehra, KL(ed); Sastrapradja, S(ed); Bogor; National Biological Institute; 1985; p175

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 164

The effect of KMnO4 on physical and chemical characteristics of Ambon banana during ripening
Pengaruh KMnO4 terhadap sifat fisik dan kandungan kimia selama pemasakan buah pisang ambon

Panggabean, G; Rochaeni, H; Vivaningdiah, L; Citroreksoko, P
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Berita Biologi [Biological News] 3(supplement): 11-16(1987)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 212

Potential insect pests of banana
Serangga-serangga yang berpotensi sebagai hama pada pisang

Adisoemarto, S
National Biological Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Kebun Raya [Bulletin of the Botanical Gardens] 6(1): 1-7 (1983)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 214

Sigatoka disease of banana
Penyakit sigatoka pada tanaman pisang

Sumiasri, N
Botanical Research Centre; National Biological Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Kebun Raya [Bulletin of the Botanical Gardens] 6(1): 19-21 (1983)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 326

A guide to the cultivation of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)
Pedoman bercocok tanam cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)

Muhammad, MT
Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Circular Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Circular of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] (13): 1-24(1972)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 336

Calculation of the unit cost of production and the profitability of five banana varieties at Cimangkok, West Java
Perhitungan harga pokok dan rentabilita 5 varietas pisang di Cimangkok

Soemarto; Daryono
Research Institute for Horticulture; Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research Bulletin] 5(3): 31-39(1977)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 348

Virus diseases of banana in West Java
Virus penyebab penyakit pada tanaman pisang di Jawa Barat

Muharam, A
Research Institute for Horticulture; Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research Bulletin] 8(7): 17-31(1980)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 360

Use of some banana cultivars as transfer media for Dendrobium schulleri seedlings
Penggunaan beberapa kultivar pisang sebagai medium pindahan semai Dendrobium schulleri

Soerohaldoko, S
National Biological Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Berita Biologi [Biological News] 2(5): 85-86(1979)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 424

Peroxide sugar content in fruits of some banana cultivars
Kadar gula pereduksi pada beberapa kultivar buah pisang

Maryayah; Harahap, R; Citroreksoko, PS
National Biological Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Berita Biologi [Biological News] 3(4): 192-193(1986)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 425

Propagation of 'Tanduk' banana plantain by tissue culture
Perbanyakan pisang tanduk dengan teknik biak jaringan

Hoesen, DSH; Imelda, M
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Hortikultura, Cipanas, 13 Februari 1988 [Proceedings of the Horticultural Seminar, Cipanas, 13 February 1988]; Muharam, A(ed); Djatnika, I(ed); Bogor; Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Bogor; 1988; p148-152

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor




NO. 426

Nomenclature of banana cultivated varieties
Tatanama kultivar pisang-pisang budidaya

Nasution, RE
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Hortikultura, Cipanas, 13 Februari 1988 [Proceedings of the Horticultural Seminar, Cipanas, 13 February 1988]; Muharam, A(ed); Djatnika, I(ed); Bogor; Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Bogor; 1988; p139-142

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor




NO. 428

Effect of storage temperature on the ripening of Raja, Nangka and Tanduk bananas
Pengaruh suhu simpan terhadap pematangan pisang Raja, Nangka dan Tanduk

Harahap, R
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Hortikultura, Cipanas, 13 Februari 1988 [Proceedings of the Horticultural Seminar, Cipanas, 13 February 1988]; Muharam, A(ed); Djatnika, I(ed); Bogor; Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia Komisariat Bogor; 1988; p143-147

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor




NO. 729

Effect of date of harvesting and stage of ripening on the alteration of physical and chemical characteristics of Tanduk plantain
Pengaruh umur panen dan tingkat kemasakan terhadap perubahan sifat fisika dan kimia pisang tanduk

Maryayah; Citroreksoko, PS; Harahap, R
National Biological Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Agronomi [Agronomy Bulletin] 17(1): 55-65(1986)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 827

Banana diseases in Indonesia
Penyakit pisang di Indonesia

Hutagalung, L
Agency for Agricultural Research and Development; Jakarta; Indonesia

Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News] 6(2): 7-8(1984)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 906

What the Borobudur teaches the nature researcher
Wat de Boroboedoer den natuuronderzoeker leert

Cammerloher, H
Netherlands Indies Natural History Association; Buitenzorg

De Tropische Natuur [The Tropical Nature] 20(8): 141-152(1931)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 930

Postharvest technology of fruits
Pascapanen buah-buahan

Wigati; Nurbanah
Seri Hortikultura No.Kode 02/B/1988; Surabaya; Dinas Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Prop.Dati.I Jawa Timur; Balai Informasi Pertanian Jawa Timur; 1987; 28p

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 947

The influence of propagation-material and variety of banana on the severity of the bacterial disease caused by Pseudomonas spp.


Sulistyowati, L
Faculty of Agriculture; Brawijaya University; Malang; Indonesia

Agrivita 7/8(2/1): 20-21(1985)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1023

Observations on Musa textilis Nee; Part I.Notes on floral biology
Observasi pada Musa textilis Nee; Bagian I.Tjatatan-tjatatan mengenai biologi bunga

Nur, N
Research Institute for Agricultural Techniques; Bogor; Indonesia

Tehnik Pertanian [Agricultural Techniques] 6(11/12): 391-505(1957)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1068

Farming systems research in the rainfed lowlands of Bone Regency, South Sulawesi
Penelitian pola usaha tani pada lahan sawah tadah hujan di Kabupaten Bone, Sulawesi Selatan

Pandang, MS; Bahar, FA; Bachtiar
Maros Research Institute for Food Crops; Indonesia

Agrikam 2(2): 58-64(1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1069

Research and development of food crop products
Penelitian dan pengembangan hasil tanaman pangan

Somaatmadja, D
Central Research and Development Institute for Agricultural Products Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Komunikasi Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil-hasil Industri Pertanian [Communication of the Central Research and Development Institute for Agricultural Products Industry] (212): 1-16(1985)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1141

Various uses of banana plants
Aneka kegunaan tanaman pisang

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Ciawi-Bogor [Ciawi Agricultural Information Bulletin, Bogor] (1): 6-7(1981/82)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1537

Effect of banana varieties, amount of concentrate and duration of storage on the quality of banana soft drink
Pengaruh jenis pisang, jumlah konsentrat dan lama penyimpanan terhadap mutu minuman ringan dari buah pisang

Ridwan, IN; Susanto, E; Winarno, FG
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Industri Hasil Pertanian [Agricultural Products Industry News] 4(2): 33-36(1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1986

Hard fibres


Bally, W; Tobler, F
Economic Botany 7: 376-399(1953)

Availability :
UPSEA; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1995

Banana and plantain


Nagy, S; Shaw, PE
Tropical and Subtropical Fruits; Nagy, S(ed); Shaw, PE(ed); Westport; Connecticut; USA; Avi Publishing Inc.; 1980; p24-33

Availability :
UPSEA; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1996

Banana and plantain


Forsyth, WGE
Tropical and Subtropical Fruits; Nagy, S(ed); Shaw, PE(ed); Westport; Connecticut; USA; Avi Publishing Inc.; 1980; p258-278

Availability :
UPSEA; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2009

Banana and plantain


Samson, JA
Tropical Fruits; 2nd ed; London; Longman; 1986; p139-189

Availability :
UPSEA; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2010

The edible bananas in Tonga


Hotta, M
Department of Botanay; Faculty of Science; Kyoto University; Japan

Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 21(1-2): 1-8(1964)

Availability :
UPSEA; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2011

Major crops: Banana (Musa spp.)


William, WC; Chew, WY; Rajaratnam, JA
Trees and Field Crops of the Wetter Tropics; William, WC et al(eds); London; Longman; 1980; p89-99

Availability :
UPSEA; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2013

The epicuticular waxes on the organs of different varieties of banana (Musa spp.) differ in form, chemistry and concentration


Freeman, B; Turner, DW
Department of Agriculture; Horticultural Research Station; Gosford; New South Wales; Australia

Australian Journal of Botany 33: 393-408(1985)

Availability :
UPSEA; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2071

Application of some concentrations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for alcohol production using banana stems as raw materials
Penggunaan beberapa dosis Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen dalam menghasilkan alkohol dengan bahan baku batang pisang

Jusfah, J; Asdi, A
Paper presented at the 9th Scientific Seminar and National Congress of Biology, Padang, July 10-12, 1989; Indonesian Biological Association; E-23; 8p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor




NO. 2080

Results of fruit research 1970-1985
Hasil-hasil penelitian buah-buahan 1970-1985

Sushandoko; Rais, M; Winarno, M
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; Indonesia

Hasil-hasil Penelitian Buah-buahan 1970-1985; Sushandoko et al.(eds); Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; 1989; 26p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor




NO. 5428

Banana and post-harvest banana handling
Pisang dan penanganan pisang lepas panen

Ningsih, D
Faculty of Animal Husbandry; General Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Indonesia

Bulletin Ilmiah Unsoed [Unsoed Research Bulletin] 4(2): 13-16(1978)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6286

Pectin extraction from banana peels
Ekstraksi pektin dari kulit pisang

Chandra, EAF
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Food Technology and Nutrition; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1983; 68p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 6318

Various treatments of banana in banana flour processing
Berbagai perlakuan pada pisang dalam pembuatan tepung pisang

Prihastanto, S
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Statistics and Computation; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1982; 50p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6361

Observations on leaflice (Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerell; Homoptera, Aphidae) on banana (Musa spp.) in smallholders' plantations, Cisarua subdistrict, Bandung district, West Java province
Pengamatan kutu daun (Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerell; Homoptera; Aphidae) pada tanaman pisang (Musa spp.) milik perkebunan rakyat, Kecamatan Cisarua, Kabupaten Bandung, Propinsi Jawa Barat

Trianto
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1985; 20p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6362

Observations on leafroller, E.thrax Linn. on banana (Musa spp.) in the working area of Pamoyanan Agricultural Extension Service, Bogor district, West Java province
Pengamatan hama penggulung daun E.thrax Linn. pada tanaman pisang (Musa spp.) di wilayah kerja Balai Penyuluhan Pertanian Pamoyanan, Kabupaten Bogor, Propinsi Jawa Barat

Sumanto
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1985; 23p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6425

Effect of pectase enzyme purifier in wine of banana cv. Ambon
Pengaruh pendjernih 'enzima pektase' di dalam anggur pisang ambon

Gumay, UM
BSc thesis; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1970; 54p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 22873

Processing of banana powder from Mas banana and its utilisation


Zainun, CA
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Proceeding of the National IRPA Seminar (Agriculture), 6-11 January 1992, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Kuala Lumpur; Vol.II (Livestock, Fisheries, Food and harvest, Forestry, General); p389-390

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 22882

Effect of rapid carbon depletion on ripening of bananas


Nair, H; Tung, HF
University Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

Proceeding of the National IRPA Seminar (Agriculture), 6-11 January 1992, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Kuala Lumpur; Vol.II (Livestock, Fisheries, Food and harvest, Forestry, General); p350-351

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 22883

Modified atmosphere storage of banana


Abdullah, H; Rohaya, MMA
Food Technology Research Centre; Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Proceeding of the National IRPA Seminar (Agriculture), 6-11 January 1992, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Kuala Lumpur; Vol.II (Livestock, Fisheries, Food and harvest, Forestry, General); p352-353

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 32356

Banana leaves can be used to dress wounds and burns


Urbanes, PO, Jr(ed)
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 19(10): 36(1985)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32367

Banana exports surviving stiff competition


Urbanes, PO, Jr(ed)
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 23(6): 26, 35(1989)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32370

Performance of papaya grown as monocrop and as an intercrop of pineapple and banana


Angeles, DE; Mendoza, DB
Philippine Agriculturist 71(2): 173-177(1988)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32387

Ripening of banana can be delayed


Deocadiz, LA(ed)
Philippine Farmers Journal 22(7): 30(1980)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32401

Bananas


Radan, RR
Greenfields 8(9): 18-30(1978)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32414

Fruits for all seasons


Arcega, MB
Greenfields 3(2): 3-7(1973)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32427

Postharvest physiology of fruits. I.Chilling injury


Pantastico, EB
Philippine Agriculturist 51(9): 697-730(1968)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 2259

Delaying banana ripening
Memperlambat pematangan pisang

Djubaedah, E; Sardjono; Meiyanti, M
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta IHP (Industri Hasil Pertanian) [Journal of Agro-based Industry] 2(1): iv-6(1985)

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2278

Development of a non-destructive technique to assess banana quality
Pengembangan teknik pengujian mutu secara 'non destructive' untuk buah pisang

Susanto, E
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta IHP (Industri Hasil Pertanian) [Journal of Agro-based Industry] 5(2): 41-45(1988)

Availability :
Bogor Botanical Gardens; Indonesia




NO. 2287

Effect of dipping in 2% calcium chloride on the ripening of Ambon banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) fruits
Pengaruh perendaman pada larutan kalsium klorida dua persen terhadap pemasakan pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Harahap, R; Citroreksoko, PS
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Teknologi Indonesia [Indonesian Technology] 9(1): 9-15(1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2289

Effect of harvesting time on the ripening and physico-chemical properties of Ambon banana (Musa paradisiaca L.)
Pengaruh umur panen terhadap pematangan, sifat fisik dan kimia pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Harahap, R; Citroreksoko; PS; Maryayah
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Teknologi Indonesia [Indonesian Technology] 10(2): 15-23(1987)

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor




NO. 2291

Effect of ethrel treatment on the ripening of banana fruits
Pengaruh perlakuan ethrel terhadap kematangan buah pisang

Setyowati-Indarto, N; Maryayah; Panggabean, G
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Teknologi Indonesia [Indonesian Technology] 10(2): 49-55(1987)

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor




NO. 2298

Annual Report 1987/1988 of the Solok Research Institute for Horticulture
Laporan Tahunan 1987/1988 Balai Penelitian Hortikultura Solok

Rais, M(ed); Sushandoko(ed)
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; Indonesia

Jakarta; Agency for Agricultural Research and Development; 1988; 50p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor




NO. 2418

Effects of antioxydant and wax on banana chips production
Pengaruh antioksidan dan lilin dalam pembuatan keripik pisang

Sutanodjojo, ADU
Pasarminggu Research Station for Horticulture; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (18): 621-625(1989)

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor




NO. 2566

Intercropping cocoyams with plantain: effects on the yield and disease of cocoyams


Igbokwe, MC; Arene, OB; Ndubuizu, TC; Umana, EE
National Root Crops Research Institute; Umudike; Umuahia; Nigeria

Proceedings of the Second Triennial Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops Africa Branch; Terry, ER et al. (eds); Douala; Cameroon; 1983; p182-184

Availability :
UPSEA; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2841

Study on the effects of storage periods of fruits at ambient temperature before canning, different concentrations of syrup-sugar and sodium bisulphide on the quality of canned plantain (Musa AAB Group)
Mempelajari pengaruh lama penyimpanan buah sebelum dikalengkan pada suhu kamar, konsentrasi gula sirup dan natrium bisulfit pada pengalengan pisang tanduk atau Musa (AAB Group)

Darmawan, HR; Winarno, FG; Laksmi, BS
Faculty of Mechanization and Agricultural Products Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Teknologi Hasil Pertanian [Agricultural products Technology Research Bulletin] (15): 1-14(1975)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2856

Effects of potassium permanganate and benlate fungicide on the ripening of White Ambon banana
Pengaruh kalium permanganat dan fungisida benlate pada proses pematangan buah pisang ambon putih

Roestamsyah; Wurjani; Harianto, J
National Institute for Chemistry; Indonesian Institute of Siences; Bandung; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan [Food Science and Technology Research Bulletin] 3(4): 136-158(1984)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3135

Effect of Cobalt 60 gamma irradiation on the growth of Ambon Kuning banana
Pengaruh iradiasi sinar gamma cobalt 60 terhadap pertumbuhan pisang ambon kuning

Anwarudin, MJ; Sutarto, I; Sunarjono, H
Lembang Research Institute for Horticulture; Indonesia

Risalah Penelitian Ilmiah Aplikasi Teknik Nuklir di Bidang Pertanian dan Peternakan [Scientific Research Treatise on the Application of Nuclear Techniques in Agriculture and Animal Husbandry]; Abdullah, N et al(eds); Jakarta; Pusat Aplikasi Isotop dan Radiasi-BATAN; 1985; p165-169

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3239

Role of guava (Psidium guajava) in daily life
Peranan jambu batu (Psidium guajava) dalam kehidupan sehari-hari

Panggabean, G
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (4): 100-102(1977)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3249

Post-harvest diseases of fruits and vegetables
Penyakit buah-buahan dan sayuran sesudah panen

Sosrodiharjo, S
Hortikultura [Horticulture] (8): 202-206(1979)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3250

Important fruits and vegetables in the Philippines
Buah-buahan dan sayur-sayuran penting di Filipina

Sosrodiharjo, S
Hortikultura [Horticulture] (8): 207-209(1979)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3254

Withering before flowering
Layu sebelum berbunga

Boesro, A
Hortikultura [Horticulture] (8): 231-234(1979)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3264

Prevention of post-harvest diseases of banana with Benomyl fungicide
Pencegahan penyakit pasca panen pada pisang dengan fungisida benomyl

Sabari; Poernomo
Research Institute for Horticulture; Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (12): 359-360(1981)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3277

Demonstration of forest intercropping for reforestation and the production of food crops (Case analysis of intercropping in Cepu Forest District)
Peragaan tumpangsari hutan dalam peremajaan hutan dan penghasil pangan (Analisis kasus tumpangsari di KPH Cepu)

Pakpahan, A; Irawan, B; Hendiarto
Centre for Research in Agro-Economy; Jakarta; Indonesia

Forum Penelitian Agro-Ekonomi [Agro-Economy Research Forum] 1(2): 19-36(1983)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3327

Sweet potato vine versus banana stem for pig raising


Nitis, IM
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Husbandry; Udayana University; Denpasar; Indonesia

Research Journal 2(2): 8-15(1968)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3331

Feeding graded levels of banana stem supplement to a growing pig


Nitis, IM
Department of Animal Nutrition; Udayana University; Denpasar; Indonesia

Research Journal 3(5): 10-19(1970)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3365

Physical and chemical characteristics of some banana varieties
Karakteristik fisika dan kimia beberapa varietas buah pisang

Sutarnodjojo, ADU; Sabari, SD; Daryono, M
Central Research Institute for Horticulture; Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (23): 1-4(1987)

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3379

Production of ethylene, carbon dioxide and l-aminopropane l-carboxylic acid during ripening of avocado, passion fruit, plantain and sapota


Sjaifullah; Lizada, MCC
Pasarminggu Research Station for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Indonesian Journal of Crop Science 1(2): 105-112(1985)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3449

Propagation methods for fruit trees
Cara memperbanyak pohon buah-buahan

Rosjidi, M
Public Forest Corporation Unit II; East Java; Indonesia

Gema Rimba [Jungle Echo] 5(31-32): 22-27(1979)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3503

Banana and its potential as an export commodity
Pisang dan kemungkinannya sebagai komoditi ekspor

Padang Agricultural Information Service; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Padang [Padang Agricultural Information Bulletin] (1): 4-6(1981-1982)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3685

Method of banana propagation by using pieces of corms
Metode perbanyakan pisang dengan belahan bonggol

Centre for Agricultural Research and Development; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Lampung [Lampung Agricultural Information Bulletin] (06): 4-5(1983-1984)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3806

Blood disease (P.celebensis) of banana in Jeneponto, South Sulawesi
Penyakit darah (P.celebensis) pada tanaman pisang di Jeneponto, Sulawesi Selatan

Roesmiyanto; Hutagalung, L
Tlekung Research Station for Horticulture; Malang; Indonesia

Hortikultura, Malang [Horticulture, Malang] (27): 39-41(1989)

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3925

Effect of ripening stage on the quality of banana fruits cv. Ambon Jepang
Pengaruh tingkat ketuaan terhadap mutu pisang ambon Jepang

Waspodo, M; Pekerti, H
Pasarminggu Research Station for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Hortikultura, Solok [Horticulture, Solok] (26): 40-43(1989)

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3932

Study on the quality of Raja Sere banana (Musa paradisiaca) fruits at various stages of maturity
Pengkajian mutu buah pisang (Musa paradisiaca) Raja Sere pada beberapa tingkat ketuaan

Waspodo, M; Pekerti, H
Pasarminggu Research Station for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Hortikultura, Solok [Horticulture, Solok] (26): 71-74(1989)

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3937

Banana - diversification of its utilization for food
Pisang - diversifikasi pemanfaatan untuk pangan

Siswoputranto, LLD
Tumbuh [Growing] 1(1): 36-43(1988)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 4643

Farming system approach to control erosion in upper river watersheds


Arifin, S; Ismail, IG; Basa, I
Bogor Research Institute for Food Crops; Indonesia

Proceedings of the Workshop on the Impact of Man's Activities on Tropical Upland Forest Ecosystem; Hadi, Y et al.(eds); Serdang; Faculty of Forestry; Agricultural University of Malaysia; 1986; p665-684

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 4674

Effect of ripening on the nutrient content of banana fruits
Pengaruh kematangan (ripening) terhadap kandungan zat dari buah pisang

Harjani, L
BSc thesis; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1971; 56p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 4695

Level of ripening and chemical contents of three banana cultivars
Derajat kemasakan dan kandungan kimiawi dari tiga varietas pisang

Wijayanti, II
BSc thesis; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1977; 88p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 4742

Respiration patterns of some fruits
Mempelajari pola respirasi dari beberapa jenis buah

Kurniandari, UN
BSc thesis; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1981; 58p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 4799

Effect of KMnO4 on the carotenoid content and physical properties of banana fruit cv. Ambon during the ripening process
Pengaruh KMnO4 terhadap kandungan karotenoid dan sifat fisik selama pematangan buah pisang ambon

Djanis, RL
BSc thesis; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1986; 64p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 5553

Ornamental plantains with colourful leaves
Pisang hias berdaun aneka warna

Wiwik, BS
Suara Karya, 13 September 1989

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5616

Study on biogas production from banana stems
Penelitian pembuatan biogas dari batang pisang

Susanto, JP; Tjahjono, H
Majalah BPPT [Journal of the Agency for Technological Assessment and Application] (29): 64-84(1988)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 11763

Banana
Kluai

Khaosan Samunphrai [Medicinal Herbs Newsletter] 25: 8-31(1986)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 13421

Banana
Kluai

Phonprasit, P
Kasikon [Farmers Journal] 63(6): 537-543(1990)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 5841

Effect of carbide on the ripening of Ambon banana fruits
Pengaruh karbit terhadap pemeraman pisang ambon

Munadjim
Surabaya Research Institute for Industry; Indonesia

Berita Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri [Industrial Research and Development News] (1): 23-28(1986)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5891

Effect of ripening temperature on the physico-chemical and physiological changes in Ambon banana
Pengaruh suhu pemeraman terhadap perubahan fisik dan kimia fisiologis buah pisang ambon

Dasuki, IM
Pasarminggu Research Station for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 3(4): 28-35(1989)

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5899

Effects of ethrel concentration and storage temperature on the ripening of Raja Sere banana
Pengaruh konsentrasi ethrel dan suhu penyimpanan terhadap kematangan pisang raja sere

Suyanti; Rani, H
Pasarminggu Research Station for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 3(4): 106-115(1989)

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5974

Effects of ripening period and fruit species on the alcohol content produced during fruit juice fermentation
Pengaruh waktu peram dan jenis buah terhadap kandungan alkohol yang dihasilkan pada fermentasi sari buah

Jalip, IS
Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; National University; 1984; 63p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor




NO. 6169

Production and distribution areas of banana (Musa paradisiaca)
Daerah hasil dan penyebaran tanaman pisang (Musa paradisiaca)

Widjono, K
Hortikultura, Pasarminggu [Horticulture, Pasarminggu] (2): 42-44(1976)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6173

Botany and systematics of banana (Musa sp.)
Botani dan sistematika tanaman pisang Musa sp.

Widjono, K
Hortikultura [Horticulture] (4): 103-105(1977)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6230

Effects of blanching, citric acid, bisulphate, sulphur and fruit storage on the quality of banana chips cv. Kepok
Pengaruh blansir, sitrat, bisulfit, belerang dan penyimpanan buah terhadap mutu gaplek pisang kepok

Suyanti; Dasuki, IM
Central Research Institute for Horticulture; Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 3(2): 69-76(1989)

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6264

Effect of IBA application and soaking period on the growth of pieces of corms of Raja Sereh banana
Pengaruh pemberian IBA (Indole Butyric Acid) dan lama perendaman terhadap pertumbuhan bibit pisang raja sereh yang berasal dari belahan bonggol

Hadayati, S
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1985; 55p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6461

Effect of KMnO4 on content of reducing sugar and physical properties of Ambon banana fruits during ripening
Pengaruh KMnO4 terhadap kandungan gula pereduksi dan sifat fisik selama pematangan buah pisang ambon

Vivaningdiah, I
BSc Thesis; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1986; 63p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 6465

Effect of KMnO4 treatment on vitamine C content and changes of pH in Ambon banana during ripening
Pengaruh perlakuan dengan KMnO4 terhadap kandungan vitamin C dan perubahan pH selama pematangan pisang ambon

Rochaeni, H
BSc thesis; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1986; 51p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 6487

Survey on diseases of fruits in the market
Survey penjakit buah-buahan di pasar

Roharsih
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; University of Indonesia; 1963; 27p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6535

Study on the cause of dwarfing disease of banana (Musa spp.) in West Java
Penelitian penyebab penyakit kerdil pada tanaman pisang (Musa spp.) di Jawa Barat

Muharam, A
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Post Graduate Studies; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 38p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6653

Banana plant collection in Tlekung Experimental Garden, Batu
Tanaman koleksi pisang di Kebun Percobaan Tlekung, Batu

Kusumo, S
Malang Research Station for Horticulture; Indonesia

Buletin Hortikultura 'Tjahort' [Horticultural Bulletin 'Tjahort'] (11): 8-15 (1973)

Availability :
Bogor Botanical Gardens; Indonesia




NO. 6709

Developing banana (Musa paradisiaca) plant collection in the IPB Experimental Garden at Pasir Sarongge
Pembinaan koleksi tanaman pisang (Musa paradisiaca) di Kebun Percobaan IPB Pasir Sarongge

Suryawati, A
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 75p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6870

'Moko' bunchy-top and sigatoka diseases of bananas (Musa spp.)
Penyakit bunchy-top 'moko' dan sigatoka pada pisang (Musa spp.)

Riyaldi
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1980; 24p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6874

Survey on the damage of banana fruits caused by Nacoleia octasema Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in the villages of Bogor
Survai kerusakan buah pisang oleh Nacoleia octasema Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) di desa-desa Kota Bogor

Atmosutidjo, P
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1981; 47p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6878

Wilt disease of banana plants
Penyakit layu pada tanaman pisang

Zulfa
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1981; 16p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6904

Observations on the damage of banana fruits caused by Nacoleia octasema Meyrick (Lepidoptera; Pyralidae) in the villages of Bogor district
Pengamatan kerusakan buah pisang oleh Nacoleia octasema Meyrick (Lepidoptera; Pyralidae) di desa-desa Kabupaten Bogor

Suryanto
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 20p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6911

Observations on bunchy-top disease of banana (Musa spp.) in Cisarua subdistrict, Bandung district, West Java
Pengamatan penyakit bunchy top pada tanaman pisang (Musa spp.) di Kecamatan Cisarua, Kabupaten Bandung, Jawa Barat

Dadiyono, S
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1985; 24p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6952

Survey on bunchy-top disease and the pest Pentalonia nigronervosa Coq. (Homoptera) of banana (Musa spp.) in Cisarua subdistrict, Bandung district
Survei penyakit bunchy top dan hama Pentalonia nigronervosa Coq. (Homoptera) pada tanaman pisang (Musa spp.) di Kecamatan Cisarua, Kabupaten Bandung

Kasna, W
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1987; 43p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6961

Effect of Benomil, sodium hypochlorite and potassium permanganate treatment on fruit rot of Ambon banana
Pengaruh perlakuan Benomil, natrium hipoklorit dan kalium permanganat pada buah pisang ambon terhadap busuk buah

Manif, A
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1988; 40p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 6962

Infestation of the pests Erionata thrax L. (Lepidoptera; Hisperidae) and Anisodera sp. (Coleoptera; Hispidae) on Angleng and Apu banana (Musa spp.) in Sukalaksana and Sukarame villages, Sukanagara subdistrict, Cianjur district, West Java
Serangan Erionata thrax L.(Lepidoptera; Hisperidae) dan Anisoptera sp. (Coleoptera; Hispidae)pada tanaman pisang (Musa spp.) jenis Angleng dan Apu di Desa Sukalaksana dan Sukarame, Kecamatan Sukanagara, Kabupaten Cianjur, Jawa Barat

Munif, A
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1988; 41p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7232

Effect of nitrogen fertilization through the peduncle on fruit size of Raja Siam banana
Pengaruh pemupukan nitrogen melalui tangkai tandan buah terhadap besar buah pisang raja siam

Martodireso, S
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1973; 24p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 7404

Reidentification of the agent of Javanese vascular bundle disease of banana (Musa spp.)
Indentifikasi kembali penyebab penyakit berkas pembuluh Jawa pada pisang (Musa spp.)

Arwiyanto, T
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1984; 56p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 7408

Inventory of post-harvest fungal diseases in banana (Musa spp.) fruits
Inventarisasi penyakit lepas panen karena jamur pada buah pisang (Musa spp.)

Handayani, WP
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1984; 64p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 7515

Study on the effect of type of starter, temperature and ripening period on the quality of banana (Musa paradisiaca) fruit wine
Mempelajari pengaruh jenis starter, suhu dan lama pemeraman terhadap mutu anggur buah pisang (Musa paradisiaca)

Rinawati, HS
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Food Technology and Nutrition; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 94p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 7519

Study on the supplementary effect of jackfruit, pineapple and banana fruits on the physico-chemical and organoleptic properties of crispy fruit chips
Mempelajari pengaruh suplementasi buah nangka, nenas dan pisang terhadap sifat fisika kimia dan organoleptik keripik buah

Salisana, T
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Food Technology and Nutrition; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1989; 108p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 7522

Study on the production of sundried ripe banana flour
Mempelajari pembuatan tepung pisang sale

Widjaja, W
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Food Technology and Nutrition; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1987; 98p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 7555

Effect of irradiation with gamma rays on the storability and quality of Ambon banana (Musa paradisiaca Linn.) cv. Gross Michel
Pengaruh radiasi sinar gamma terhadap daya tahan simpan dan mutu pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca Linn.) varietas Gros Michel

Endropranoto, H
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agricultural Family Prosperity; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1972; 85p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7564

Utilization of Kepok banana (Musa paradisiaca forma typica) flour as food supplement for children under 5 years of age and effect of storage on quality factors
Pemanfaatan tepung pisang kepok (Musa paradisiaca forma typica) untuk makanan tambahan anak di bawah lima tahun dan pengaruh penyimpanannya terhadap faktor mutu

Purnama, H
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Community Nutrition and Family Resources; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 42p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7565

Utilization of banana inflorescence buds as 'dendeng' (spicy dried meat)
Pemanfaatan jantung pisang sebagai dendeng

Noviawati, EK
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Community Nutrition and Family Resources; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1988; 69p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7576

Prospects of banana (Musa sp.) fruit ripening and influencing factors
Prospek pematangan pada buah pisang (Musa sp.) dan faktor yang mempengaruhinya

Nasoetion, NJA
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1968; 51p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7601

Effect of time of nitrogen and potassium fertilizer application on the growth and time to flowering of banana (Musa AA-group)
Pengaruh saat pemberian pupuk nitrogen dan kalium terhadap pertumbuhan dan umur sampai berjantung dari tanaman pisang (Musa AA-group)

Ilyas, I
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1974; 85p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7660

Experiment on banana (Musa sp.) propagation using tissue culture techniques on Murashige & Skoog medium (1962)
Percobaan pembiakan pisang (Musa sp.) dengan teknik kultur jaringan pada medium Murashige & Skoog (1962)

Hartatik, S
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1982; 37p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7672

Effect of N and K fertilization on the growth of five cultivars of plantain (Musa sp.)
Pengaruh pemupukan N dan K terhadap pertumbuhan lima jenis pisang 'plantain' (Musa sp.)

Marsaban, IB
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1982; 69p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7674

Effect of IBA (Indolebutyric acid) application and soaking period on the growth of Raja Uli banana planting materials derived from corm slices
Pengaruh pemberian IBA (Indolebutyric acid) dan lama perendaman terhadap pertumbuhan bibit pisang raja uli yang berasal dari belahan bonggol

Mardaningsih, R
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1982; 51p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7713

Effect of IAA and Adenine sulphate on the shoots number of Tanduk banana (Musa AAB Group) through tissue culture method
Pengaruh IAA dan Adenine sulfat terhadap jumlah tunas Musa (AAB Group) 'pisang tanduk' melalui metode kultur jaringan

Djajakirana, H
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 80p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7715

Effect of N and K fertilization on the growth and yield of Nangka banana (Musa sp.)
Pengaruh pemupukan N dan K terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi pisang nangka (Musa sp.)

Heryanto, YB
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 56p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7771

Physico-chemical changes in Raja Bulu banana fruits during ripening
Perubahan fisiko-kimia buah pisang raja bulu selama pematangan

Phan, JL
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Food Technology and Nutrition; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1989; 118p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 7786

Study on physico-chemical changes in Uli banana (Musa sp.) fruits during storage at ambient temperature
Mempelajari perubahan sifat fisiko-kimia buah pisang uli (Musa sp.) selama penyimpanan pada suhu ruang

Maulida, D
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mechanization and Agricultural Products Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1976; 51p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7788

Study on the effect of cultivar, sulphurization and duration of storage on the quality of sundried ripe banana fruits
Mempelajari pengaruh penggunaan varietas pisang, sulfurisasi dan waktu simpan terhadap mutu pisang sale

Randwijani, W
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mechanization and Agricultural Products Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1978; 94p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 7796

Study on the effect of blanching, sulphurization and duration of storage on the quality of sundried ripe banana fruits
Mempelajari pengaruh 'blanching', sulfurisasi dan lama penyimpanan terhadap mutu pisang sale

Sasmah, M
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agricultural Socio-economics; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1983; 92p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 7872

Banana development needs to be supported by well-defined pre- and post-harvest technologies
Pengembangan pisang perlu didukung teknologi pra dan pasca panen yang cermat

Siswoputranto, LLD
Indonesian Horticultural Society; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Kongres Nasional II PERHORTI dan Simposium Hortikultura [Proceedings of the Second National Congress of PERHORTI and Horticultural Symposium]; Jakarta; 1985; p29-36

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 7879

Effect of the position of bud on the corm on the growth and yield of Tanduk plantain
Pengaruh letak mata tunas pada bagian bongkol terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi pisang Tanduk

Rahayu, SH; Atmowidjojo, S
National Biological Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Kongres Nasional II PERHORTI dan Simposium Hortikultura [Proceedings of the Second National Congress of PERHORTI and Horticultural Symposium]; Jakarta; 1985; p60-66

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 7881

Effect of IAA, NAA and IBA application and N and P fertilization on vegetative and generative growth of plantain
Pengaruh pemberian IAA, NAA dan IBA serta pupuk N dan K terhadap pertumbuhan vegetatif dan generatif pisang 'plantain'

Harjadi, SS; Surkati, A; Marsaban, IB; Mardiningsih; Irawati, A
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia

Prosiding Kongres Nasional II PERHORTI dan Simposium Hortikultura [Proceedings of the Second National Congress of PERHORTI and Horticultural Symposium]; Jakarta; 1985; p54-59

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 7950

Cultivation of papaya and banana
Budidaya papaya dan pisang

Sunarjono, H; Daryono, M; Poernomo
Pasarminggu Research Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Informasi [Information] (14): 1-29(1980)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 7952

Effect of stage of maturity, sodium metabisulphite concentration and temperature on fruit juice quality of Ambon banana (Musa paradisiaca L. var. sapientum)
Pengaruh tingkat kemasakan, konsentrasi natrium metabisulfit dan suhu terhadap mutu sari buah pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca L. var. sapientum)

Darusman, D
Thesis; Bandung; Department of Technical and Industrial Management; Faculty of Engineering; Pasundan University; 1989; xivp; 108p

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 7987

Cultivation of paddy straw mushroom using dry banana leaves
Bertanam jamur merang dengan kelaras pisang

Ciawi Agricultural Information Service; Bogor; Indonesia

Balai Informasi Pertanian Ciawi-Bogor [Ciawi Agricultural Information Service] [nd]

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 7990

Propagation of banana by using corm slices
Perbanyakan pohon pisang dengan menggunakan belahan bonggol

Ciawi Agricultural Information Service; Bogor; Indonesia

Balai Informasi Pertanian Ciawi [Ciawi Agricultural Information Service] No.3; 1982; 6p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 8004

Banana cv. Kepok
Pisang kepok

West Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Service; Indonesia

Balai Informasi Pertanian NTB [West Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Service] No.1; 1981/1982

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 8015

Processing of banana fruits
Pengolahan buah pisang

East Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Service; Indonesia

Balai Informasi Pertanian NTT [East Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Service] No.1; 1989/1990

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 8027

Banana flour
Tepung pisang

Padang Agricultural Information Service; Indonesia

Balai Informasi Pertanian Padang [Padang Agricultural Information Service] No.2; 1985/1986

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 8046

Propagation of banana using corm slices
Perbanyakan pisang dengan bit (belahan bonggol pisang)

Aceh Agricultural Information Service; Banda Aceh; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Aceh [Aceh Agricultural Information Bulletin] 4(3): 5-6(1984/1985)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 8048

Why should we eat vegetables and fruits ?
Mengapa kita harus makan sayuran dan buah-buahan

Aceh Agricultural Information Service; Banda Aceh; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Aceh [Aceh Agricultural Information Bulletin] 4(3): 8-9(1984/1985)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 8051

Preservation of fruits and vegetables by wax coating
Pengawetan buah-buahan dan sayuran dengan pelapisan lilin

Aceh Agricultural Information Service; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Aceh [Aceh Agricultural Information Bulletin] 4(4): 8-9(1984/1985)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 8103

Study on the effects of type of planting material and nitrogen fertilization dosages on the growth of banana
Studi pengaruh jenis bibit serta taraf pemupukan nitrogen terhadap pertumbuhan pisang

Sugiyanta; Poerwanto, R
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium dan Seminar Nasional Hortikultura Indonesia [Proceedings of the National Symposium and Seminar on Horticulture in Indonesia]; Bintoro, MH et al.(eds); Perhorti; Bogor; 1990; p. 201-204

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 8449

Optimal utilization of pumpkin fruit slices as bio-ethylene sources for ripening banana fruits
Optimasi penggunaan irisan buah labu sebagai sumber bio-etilen untuk pemasakan buah pisang

Gardjito, M
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; 1988; 16p

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 9113

Production of pectinase through solid medium fermentation method by molds isolated from some fruit species
Produksi pektinase dengan cara fermentasi media padat oleh kapang yang diisolasi dari beberapa jenis buah-buahan

Setiawiharja, B; Suliantari; Nurwitri, CC; Hariantono, J
Faculty of Food Technology and Nutrition; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia

Media Teknologi Pangan [Food Technology Media] 1(1): 29-39(1985)

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 9144

Application of sodium bisulphite in the production of sun-dried ripe fruits of Ambon banana (Musa paradisiaca L.)
Penggunaan natrium bisulfit dalam pembuatan sale pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Wiryanti, AB
Thesis; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1990; 96p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Indonesia




NO. 9280

Effect of banana drying and soybean addition on the nutritive value of banana protein
Pengeringan pisang dan penambahan kedelai, hubungannya dengan nilai gizi protein pisang (pisang galu)

Purnomo, J
Thesis; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1987; 87p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Indonesia




NO. 9306

Effect of the addition of bread yeast and fermentation period on the alcohol concentration obtained during the processing of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) corms
Pengaruh penambahan ragi roti (khamir) dan lama permentasi terhadap kadar alkohol yang diperoleh pada pengolahan bonggol pisang (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Mufti, A
Thesis; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1986; 63p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Indonesia




NO. 9374

Effect of the application of calcium carbide on the sugar and vitamine C contents of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) fruits
Pengaruh pemberian kalsium karbida terhadap kadar gula dan vitamin C buah pisang (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Ginting, L
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1986; 52 p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9398

Effect of the application of starter solution on the shoot formation and bud growth in the hump of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) cv. Ambon
Pengaruh pemberian "starter solution" terhadap penunasan dan pertumbuhan mata tunas pada bonggol tanaman pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Dharma, YA
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1989; 32 p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9617

Efforts to utilize drylands by cultivating of banana in Waru Village, Uranggen subdistrict, Demak district
Upaya pemanfaatan lahan kering dengan penanaman pohon pisang di Desa Waru, Kecamatan Uranggen, Kabupaten Demak

Mulyaningsih, RS
Thesis; Semarang; College of Farming; 1988; 24p

Availability :
College of Farming; Semarang; Indonesia




NO. 9629

Enlarging banana fruit size by fertilization through stem and fruit stalk
Memperbesar buah pisang dengan pemupukan lewat batang dan tangkai buah

Buletin Informasi Pertanian NTT [East Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Bulletin] (4): 14(1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9650

Post-harvest handling of horticultural crops
Pasca panen hortikultura

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Ujung Pandang [Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Bulletin] 8(6): 2, 6(1985)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9653

Producing banana flour
Membuat tepung pisang

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Ujung Pandang [Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Bulletin] 7(04): 17-18(1984)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9668

A good planting method of banana
Cara penanaman pisang yang baik

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Ambon [Ambon Agricultural Information Bulletin] (1): 16(1989/1990)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9673

Stimulants for fruit ripening
Zat perangsang pemasakan buah

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Ambon [Ambon Agricultural Information Bulletin] (1): 2(1989/1990)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9677

Fruits processing
Pengolahan buah-buahan

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Ujung Pandang [Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Bulletin] 2(2): 22(1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9686

Stunting disease of banana in Indonesia
Penyakit kerdil pada tanaman pisang di Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Lembang [Lembang Agricultural Information Bulletin] (01): 1-2(1984/1985)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9695

A method for preparing sun-dried banana
Cara membuat salai pisang

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Aceh [Aceh Agricultural Information Bulletin] (1): 11-12(1983/1984)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9703

Propagation of banana through corm splitting
Perbanyakan pohon pisang dengan belahan bonggol

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Ujung Pandang [Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Bulletin] 8(03): 6-7(1985)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9714

Preparing sweets from banana flowers
Membuat manisan bunga pisang

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Yogyakarta [Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Bulletin] (1): 36(1988/1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9730

Some biological aspects of banana (Musa paradisiaca)
Beberapa aspek biologi tanaman pisang (Musa paradisiaca)

Murtiani, S
Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; National University; 1980; 36p

Availability :
Faculty of Biology; National University; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9757

Cultivation methods of banana
Cara bercocok tanam pisang

Balai Informasi Pertanian Yogyakarta [Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service]; 1987; 28p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9771

Planting of banana
Bertanam pisang

Balai Informasi Pertanian NTB [West Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Service; 1981/1982; 34p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9779

Our fruits
Buah-buahan kita

Hardjohutomo, H
Bandung; W.van Hoeve; 1960; 52p

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 9838

Study on the effects of duration of pre-canning storage of fruits at ambient temperature, sugar concentration of syrup and addition of sodium bisulphite on canning of Tanduk plantain or Musa (AAB Group)
Mempelajari pengaruh lama penyimpanan buah sebelum dikalengkan pada suhu kamar, konsentrasi gula sirop dan penambahan Natrium bisulfit pada pengalengan pisang tanduk atau Musa (AAB Group)

Rahardja, HD
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mechanization and Agricultural Products Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1976; 80p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 9906

Method of delaying banana ripening by using polythene bags
Cara menghambat pemasakan pisang dengan memakai kantong plastik

Sembel, DT
Faculty of Agriculture; Sam Ratulangi University; Manado; Indonesia

Komunikasi Balai Penelitian Kimia Manado [Communication of the Manado Chemical Research Institute] (5): 1-14(1975)

Availability :
Research and Development Institute for Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 9924

Co-60 irradiation of Ambon banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) cv. Gros Michel
Penyinaran Co-60 pada pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.) var. Gros Michel

Endropranoto, H; Hardjo, H
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia

Media Gizi dan Keluarga [Nutrition and Family Media] 4(2): 15-28 (1980)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 9952

Selected Chapters on Horticulture; Banana and banana production
Capita Selekta Hortikultura; Pisang dan produksi tanaman pisang

Lahiya, AA
Seri Himpunan Peninggalan Penulisan yang Berserakan; Bandung; 1984; 66p

Availability :
College of Farming; Semarang; Indonesia




NO. 9961

Preparation and evaluation of banana flour from different cultivars
Pembuatan dan penilaian tepung pisang dari berbagai jenis pisang

Hardiman
Laporan Penelitian Proyek Peningkatan Mutu PT UGM Bidang Penelitian [Research Report of the Project of High Learning Quality Improvement; UGM; Research Section]; Proyek No.26(1973/74)

Availability :
College of Farming; Semarang; Indonesia




NO. 9974

Effects of fruit maturity stage and temperature increase on physical, chemical, physiological and microbiological changes in Ambon Jepang banana (Musa paradisiaca ) cv. Indramayu
Pengaruh derajat ketuaan dan kenaikan suhu terhadap perubahan fisik, kimia, fisiologi dan mikrobiologi pisang ambon Jepang (Musa paradisiaca) cv.Indramayu

Dasuki, IM
Pasarminggu Research Station for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 5(1): 47-58(1990)

Availability :
Pasarminggu Research Station for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9979

Effect of drying method on the flour quality of some banana cultivars
Pengaruh cara pengeringan terhadap mutu tepung beberapa varietas pisang

Waspodo, M; Muhadjir, I
Pasarminggu Research Station for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 5(1): 92-98(1990)

Availability :
Pasarminggu Research Station for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 10003

Botanical study on some bananas of Thailand


Udompongsanon, P
Applied Scientific Research Corporation of Thailand; Bangkok

Thai Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2(2): 53-66(1969)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10273

Wild and cultivated banana species in Thailand
Kluaipa lae kluaiplug nai Muangthai

Suwatthi, C
Kasetsart University; Bangkok; Thailand

[Kasetsart Journal] 3(2): 41-43(1963)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10429

Kluai Khai banana
Karnpluk kluai khai

Nilkanha, K
Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Kasikon [Farmers Journal] 29(4): 299-305(1956)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10701

Banana
Kluay phonlamai thong khong chaosuan

Kheha Kan Kaset [House Agricultural Magazine] 7(89): 5-13(1983)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 10996

Banana growing
Karnpluk kluay

Itsarangkura Na Ayutthaya, R
Department of Agricultural Extension; Bangkok; Thailand

Phuankaset [Thai Farmers Journal] 1(4): 31-39(1974)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 11251

Serotonin content in Thai banana
Pariman serotinin nai kluai Thai

Poonpatana, S; Visondilok, P; Lelapityamit, F
Warasan Phesatchasat Mahawitthayalai Mahidol [Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences] 4(1): 14-19(1977)|TISTR Bibliographical Series No.9; 1986; p91; Abstract No.212

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 11562

Banana
Kluai

Kowitthayakorn, T
Khon Kaen University; Thailand

Kaen Kaset [Khon Kaen Agricultural Journal] 4(3): 1-7(1976)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 11641

Musa
Kanpluk kluaikhai

Babpraserth, C
Department of Horticulture; Kasetsart University; Bangkok; Thailand

Kaset Kaona [Modern Agricultural Journal] 4(5): 1-20 (1989)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 11779

Study on chromosomes of banana
Kan suksa chromosome khong kluai

Silayoi, B; Sompen, P
Department of Horticulture; Kasetsart University; Bangkok

Khaosan Kasetsart [Kasetsart Extension Journal] 29(1): 44-50(1984)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 11791

Banana
Kluai

Silayoi, B
Department of Horticulture; Kasetsart University; Bangkok; Thailand

Khaosan Kasetsart [Kasetsart Extension Journal] 28(5): 1-7(1983)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 13383

Banana
Kluai phuan sanit khong khonthai

Kaset Wanni [Agriculture at Present] 10(119): 26-30(1991)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13408

Banana
Kluai

Bung Bua [Lotus Pond Magazine] 10(28): 58(1987)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 12189

Study on fruit rot control in banana
Kan wikhro priapthiap withi kan khuap khum rok nao khong kluai hom thong khana kep raksa

Choipradit, R
[Thesis Abstracts 1985; Kasetsart University]; Bangkok; 1987; p174-175

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 12573

Banana planting
Kan pluk kluai khai

Babpraserth, C
Horticulture Department; Faculty of Agriculture; Kasetsart University; Bangkok; Thailand

Kaset Kaona [Progressive Agricultural Journal] 4(5): 1-20(1989)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 12600

Cultivated and wild banana in Thailand
Kluai pa lae kluai pluk nai muang thai

Suvatthi, C
Kasetsart University; Bang Khen; Bangkok; Thailand

Bang Khen; Bangkok; Kasetsart University; 1962; 48p

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 12601

Banana
Kluai

Charoenrat, S; Polprasid, P; Sattayanurak, A
Kasikon [Farmers Journal] 42(7): 1-88(1986)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 13387

Banana
Kluai phuan sanit khong khon thai

Kaset Wanni [Agriculture at Present] 11(121): 24-29(1991)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 12636

Diseases of fruit trees
Rok mai phon

Maninat, N
Khrong Kan Nang Sua Kaset Chumchon [Commercial Agriculture Book Project]; 72p

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 12638

Diseases of fruit trees
Rok phut mai phon

Silayoi, I
Kasetsart University; Bangkok; Thailand

Bangkok; Kasetsart University; 1987; 79p

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 12997

Banana
Kluai daoden haeng pa muang ron

Lipda
Ban lae Suan [Home and Garden Magazine] 15(171): 186-187(19..)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13036

Banana
Kluai phut saraphat prayot

Suriyan, S
Farming Systems Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Kasikorn [Farmers Journal] 64(3): 235-236(1991)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13311

Delay ripening and diseases control in banana
Kan chalo khwam suk lae pong kan rok phai lang kan kepkieo khong kluai-khai lae kluai-homthong

Khao kaset [Agricultural News] 9(188): 1(1987)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13384

Banana
Kluai phuan sanit khong khon thai

Kaset Wanni [Agriculture at Present] 10(120): 19-22(1991)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13442

Commercial cultivation of banana cv. Khai
Kan pluk kluai khai phua kan kha

Kaset Wanni [Agriculture at Present] 11(123): 24-27(1991)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13456

Musa cv. Khai
Kluai-khai Kamphaengphet

Kheha Karn Kaset [House Agricultural Magazine] 15(10): 123-126(1991)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13498

Commercial cultivation of Khai banana
Kan pluk kluai khai pen kan kha

Kaset Wanni [Agriculture at Present] 11(124): 31-35(1991)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13655

Banana of Yala Province
Kuai-hin khong di muang yala

Wichachu, P
Warasan Songsoem Kan Kaset [Journal of Agricultural Extension] 17(5): 23-25(1987)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13726

Banana at Takhianluan, Nakhon Sawan Province
Ruchak kluai-khai Takhianluan laeo ru yang

Minsitry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; Bangkok; Thailand

Khao Kaset [Agricultural News] 13(294): 12-15(1991)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13796

Agroforestry in Thailand
Rabop wanakaset nai prathetthai

Phothai, M
Workshops on Forest Land Management in Agroforestry System, 18-20 October 1985, Royal Forest Department, Bangkok, Thailand; p56-78

Availability :
Library; Royal Forest Department; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 13941

Transmission and host range of banana bunchy top virus in Thailand
Kan thai thot lae phut a-sai khong chua virus Bunchy Top khong kluai nai prathetthai

Phattarakoson, P; Lilasetthakun, K; Tonbun-ek, P
Division of Plant Pathology and Microbiology; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Abstract of The 31st Kasetsart University Annual Conference; Bangkok; Kasetsart University; 1993; p91

Abstract:
Field samples of banana (Musa spp.) displaying symptoms of banana bunchy top disease from Kanchanaburi, Chanthaburi, Prachuab Kiri Khan, Phetchaburi and Bangkok but not unaffected controls gave reactions when tested by the double antibody sandwich from banana bunchy top virus (BBTV), kindly provided by Prof. H.J.Su, National Taiwan University, Republic of China. BBTV could also be detected by ELISA in the body of a group of more than 20 banana aphids (Pentalonia nigronervosa) from infected banana plants but not from the plants shown to be free from BBTV by ELISA. The study shows that the pathogen could be transmitted by banana aphids. Four species of host other than Musa spp. in the order Scitamineae were found to be affected by BBTV. (Author abstract).

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 14169

Banana wastes
Watsadu lua thing chak kluai

Anonymous
Muang Kaset(Agricultural Town Magazine) 5(52): 61-63(1992)

Abstract:
Development of banana wastes from food industry for feed, biogas production, acetic acid, wine, sauce, banana peel blened (?) for food are described.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 14193

Development of banana production for export
Kan phatthana kan phalit kluai phua kan song ok

Wanitchakun, K
Faculty of Agriculture; Kasetsart University; Bangkok

Kasikon (Farmers Journal) 65(4): 421-428(1992)

Abstract:
Thailand exported only 0.28% of annual production of 571, 419 tons of banana, because the production and transportation have not been developed for export market.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 14435

Chromosome numbers and karyotypes of some Thai banana
Chamnuan lae ruprang khong chromosome khong kluai bang chanit nai prathetthai

Sirayoi, B; Sompen, P
Department of Horticulture; Faculty of Agriculture; Kasetsart University

Witthayasan Kasetsart Sakha Witthayasat(The Kasetsart Journal: Natural Science) 25(4): 400-407(1991)

Abstract:
The chromosome number of thirty accessions of bananas, both wild and cultivated ones were investigated by squashing root tip technique. There were 11 diploids (2n=22) for 11 accessions, triploids(2n=33) for 19 accessions, and tetraploids (2n=44) for 1 accession. The kayotype of those chromosomes were studied by measuring the length of long and short arms and grouped them into metacentric, subtelocentric, subtelecentric and telocentric. The lengths varied from 1.22 to 3.93 microns.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 14449

An economic evaluation of postharvest tropical fruit research: Some preliminary results


Lubulwa Godfrey, A.S.; Davis, J.S.
Aciar, Gpo Box 1571; Canberra, ACT 2601; Australia

Proceedings of an International Conference on Postharvest Handling of Tropical Fruits; 19-23 July 1993; Chiang Mai; Thailand; p32-49

Abstract:
This paper reviews the methods for the economic evaluation of post harvest research; illustrates the use of these postharvest evaluation methods using six postharvest tropical research projects and provides preliminary results on the potential gains from postharvest tropical fruit research. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 14512

Banana and uses of banana residues
Kluai lae prayot chak watsadu lua thing

Chaisayan, S
Khaosan kaset phak tawanok chiangnua (NEROA Newsletter) 23(1-2): 54-56(1994)

Abstract:
Uses of banana peels as animal feed, as raw materials in bio-gas production were suggested. Detailed information in the production of vinegar, vine and sauce from banana peels were given.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 14543

Banana diseases
Rok kluai

Wichittranon, S
Department of Agriculture; Bangkok

Khao san rok phut lae chunlachiwawitthaya (Plant disease and microbiology journal) 4(4): 6-10 (1994)

Abstract:
Major diseases of banana in Thailand are Fusarium wilt, Sigatoka leaf spot, Leaf speckle, Banana bunchy top virus, mosaic, yellow leaf, stunt, fruit spot, fruit rot after harvest. Disease symptoms and control methods are discussed.

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok




NO. 14674

Study on characteristics and clonal selection of banana cv. Lepmunang
Kan suksa laksana pracham phan lae kan khatluak phan kluai- lepmunang

Issarakraisila, M & Srikul, S
Surat Thani Horticulture Research Centre; Kanchanadit District; Surat Thani 84160

Kan prachum thang wichakan khong maha witthayalai Kasetsart khrangthi 32: botkhatyo (The 32nd Kasetsart University Annual Conference; abstract) 3-5 February 1994; Kasetsart University; Bangkok; p40

Abstract:
Preliminary study on characteristics of banana cv. Lepmunang (AA group) growing in the area of Chumphon, Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phangnga, and Phuket provinces revealed the differences in the sheath colour (green to violet-red) and fruit with and without pubescence. Three plant types were classified as follows: 1. plant with green sheath and fruit without pubescence; 2. plant with violet-red sheath and fruit without pubescence; and 3. plant with green sheath and fruit with pubescence. The superior clones represented each plant type were selected from each growing area. Number of hands per bunch (10-12), and number of hand with good fruit orientation per bunch (7-11) were employed as selection criteria. The total of 7 superior clones were later selected in 1993 for the selection trial in 1994. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 14599

Study on yield quality of banana tumok cv. AAA group at different harvesting period
Kan suksa khunnaphap phonphalit kluai-hom phan tumok AAA group thi raya kepkieo tang kan

Atthachat, K.; Babpraserth, C.
Pakchong Research Station; Pakchong Nakhonratchasima.

The 33rd Kasetsart University Annual Conference; 30 January-1 February 1995; Kasetsart University; Bangkok; 1995; p53

Abstract:
Yield and quality of banana "Tumok" at 70, 80, 90 and 100 days after the floral bud emergence from the pseudostem were investigated. The results showed that yield and some characters increased after harvested except weight, thickness of skin and % RH of fruit and skin. Highest soluble solid and titratable acid of 22.9 % and 0, 32 % were found at 80 days, respectively. Ripening period at 70 and 80 days was 7-12 days compared to 4-8 days in the 90-100 days treatment. The yield of green fruit at 70 days was lowest. Fruit yield increased by 19.15%, 29.79 % and 55.31 % in 80, 90 and 100 days treatments, respectively, as compared to the 70 days treatment. Weight of yellow fruit increased by 2-4% over green fruits at different harvesting period. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 14707

Chromosome number and karyotypes of some Thai bananas
Chamnuan lae ruprang khong chromosome khong kluai bang chanit nai prathetthai

Silayoi, B & Sompen, P
Department of Horticulture; Kasetsart University; Bangkok

Witthayasan kasetsart sakha witthayasat (The Kasetsart Journal: Natural Sciences) 25(4): 400-406 (1991)

Abstract:
The chromosome number of thirty accessions of bananas, both wild and cultivated ones were investigated by squashing root tip techniques. There were 11 diploid (2n=22) namely: kluai pa No.1, kluai pa No.3, Kluai Ang Kang, kluai Khae, kluai khai, kluai tani, kluai thong, kluai khimaeo, kluai pa No.22, kluai lai and kluai mak. The triploids (2n=33) were kluai khrao, kluai lepmunang, kluai namkapdum, kluai kungkhieo, kluai nam, kluai htip, kluai lepchangkut, kluai thipkhum, kluai khombao, kluai khomnak, kluai namwaluang, kluai kung, kluai khlongchang, kluai phamahaekkhuk, kluai nangklai, kluai homtia, kluai namwakhom, kluai khaibong. Only kluai thippharot was tetraploid (2n= 44). The karyotype of those chromosome were studied by measuring the length of long and short arms and grouped them into metacentric, subtelocentric and telocentric. The lengths varied from 1.22 to 3.93 microns. The chromosome of `acuminata' relatives were metacentric and submeta- centric such as kluai pa No.1, kluai pa No.3, kluai khae, kluai khai, kluai khaiboran, kluai thongkhimaeo, kluai lai, kluai mak, kluai khrao, kluai kungkhieo, kluai khung, kluai khlongchang and kluai khaibong. The results were hybrids of Musa acuminata Colla, and Musa balbisiana Colla. The karyotypes were metacentric and subtelocentric. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 20050

Current notes - July to December 1960


The Malayan Agricultural Journal 43(2): 119-126(1960)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20068

Notes on current investigations (Research) - October to December 1955


The Malayan Agricultural Journal 39(1): 63-68(1955)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20089

Notes on extension work: July to September 1955


Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 38(4): 276-287(1955)

Abstract:
Common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20091

Notes on current investigations (Research), January to March 1954


Anonymous
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 37(2): 91-99(1954)

Abstract:
Common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20106

Notes on current investigations, January to March 1953


Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 36(2): 114-124(1953)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20122

Notes on current investigations, October to December 1951


Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 35(1): 36-52(1952)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20128

Notes on current investigations, April to June 1952


Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 35(3): 167-176(1952)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20137

Current affairs and research investigations for the period January to June 1964


Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

The Malaysian Agricultural Journal 45(1): 89-102(1965)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20618

A preliminary study on fruit characters in Malaysian bananas


Sands, VE; Saerah, S
University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

Malaysian Applied Biology 10(1): 1-13(1981)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 20761

Soil fertility, nutrient requirement and fertilization


Othman Yaacob
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Fruit Production in Malaysia; Othman Yaacob(ed); Serdang; Selangor; Agricultural University of Malaysia; 1980; page?

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 20768

Breeding of local fruits


Yap, TC
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Fruit production in Malaysia; Othman Yaakob (ed); Serdang; Selangor; Agricultural University of Malaysia; 1980; p300-313

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 20775

Bacterial wilt


Navaratnam, SJ
Division of Agriculture; Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operation; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

The Malayan Agriculturist 7: 59-63(1966-67)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 20828

Banana
Tanaman Pisang

Zainal Abidin, WC
Extension Branch; Department of Agriculture; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

Risalah Perkembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Development Pamphlet] 10; 1976; 43p

Availability :
Department of Agriculture; Lundang; Kota Bahru; Kelantan; Malaysia




NO. 20832

Mas banana - planting and management
Pisang mas - penanaman and penjagaan

Department of Agriculture; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

Risalah Pertanian [Agricultural Pamphlet] No.10; 1987; 30p

Availability :
Department of Agriculture; Lundang; Kota Bahru; Kelantan; Malaysia




NO. 20876

Fungi association with banana (pisang mas) and the potential role of some novel Triorganotin (IV) compounds in the control of diseases of banana


Kuthubutheen, AJ; Nawawi, A
Department of Botany; University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

Asean Food Journal 3(3-4): 95-100(1987)

Availability :
Ministry of Agriculture; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia




NO. 20877

Research and development in postharvest handling technology of banana in Malaysia


Hassan, A; Abdul Shukor, AR; Mohd.Salleh, P; Lam, PF
Food Technology Division; Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Asean Food Journal 3(3-4): 92-94(1987)

Availability :
Ministry of Agriculture; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia




NO. 20900

A guide to carambola, sapodilla, guava, Mas banana and soursop cultivation
Panduan tanaman belimbing, ciku, jambu batu, pisang emas dan durian belanda

Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Serdang; Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; 1978; 6p

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 20901

Fruits
Buah-buahan

Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Lapuran Tahunan MARDI [MARDI Annual Report] 1987: 8-9

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21148

Pest and diseases of intercropped bananas in West Malaysia


Graham, KM
University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

The Proceedings of the Conference on Crop Diversification in Malaysia, 10-12 November 1969; Blencowe, EK(ed); Blencowe, JW(ed); Kuala Lumpur; 1970; p237-244

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21284

Crop production handbook Vol 1. Agronomy and crop protection


Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Kuching; Department of Agriculture; 1985; 114p

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21619

Aseptic culture techniques for banana and plantain improvement


Krikorian, AD; Gonauer, SS
Division of Biological Science; State University of New York; USA

Economic Botany 38(3): 322-331(1984)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21738

Determination of mechanical properties of bananas


Mohd.Salleh, P
MSc thesis; University of New South Wales; 1984; 90p

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21991

Harvesting and storage of banana fruits
Penuaian dan penyimpanan buah pisang

Abdullah, H
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Teknologi Makanan [Food Technology] 2(2): 39-43(1982)

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 22328

The economics of establishing a 500-acre fruit orchard in Peninsular Malaysia


Kwok-Kong
The Malaysian Agricultural Journal 49(4): 421-432(1974)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 22802

The quality of wrapped bananas
Cantiknya buah pisang yang dibungkus

Pauziah, M; Ahmad Tarmizi, S; Mohd.Shamsudin, O
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Berita Penyelidikan MARDI 8(3); 1986; 1p

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 23120

Nematode parasites
Nematod parasit

Zainal Abidin, AA
School of Biological Sciences; Science University of Malaysia; Penang

Buletin Penyelidikan Pusat Pengajian Sains Kajihayat (1990); Science University of Malaysia; Penang

Availability :
Science University of Malaysia; Penang




NO. 23257


Magnesium deficiency in banana cv. Mas

Zabidah, M
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of the National IRPA Seminar (Agricultural Sector), Ho, YW; Vidyadaran, MK; Norhani, A; Jainudeen, MR; Abd.Rani, B (eds); 1992; p7-8

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 23459

Chilling injury in `Mas' bananas


Tung, HF; Madihah, AR; Nair, H
University of Malaya; Lembah Pantai; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

5th National Conference on Plant Physiology; Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur; 23-24 August 1994

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 23635

Magnesium deficiency in banana `Mas'
Kekurangan mangnesium pada pisang Mas

Zabedah, M; Roslee, P
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Teknologi Buah-buahan 5: 49-53 (1989)

Abstract:
Magnesium deficient plants are characterized by clear purple blotches on both the inner and outer surfaces of the petiole. As the deficiency becomes more serious, the blotches become more intensified. Older leaves turned bright yellow, at times leaving a green margin. Magnesium fertilization is very critical in soils with low inherent magnesium content. In such soils, if magnesium is not applied the plants will die and no suckers will be produced. More than 120 g magnesium oxide/ clump per year was required by the plants to correct magnesium deficiency symptoms. An interim recommendation to correct magnesium deficiency and to maintain sufficient supply of magnesium is described.

Availability :
Malaya University; Lembah Pantai; Kuala Lumpur




NO. 23964

Planting density and pruning system studies on bananas cvs. Mas(AA) and berangan (AAA) I. Effects on growth, time to harvest and production trend
Kajian kepadatan tanaman dan sistem pemangkasan pisang Mas(AA) dan pisang Berangan(AAA) I. Kesan terhadap penanaman, masa untuk menuai dan corak penuaian

Zabedah, M; Lee, CS
Fruit Research Division; MARDI; Kuala Lumpur

MARDI Research Journal 20(2): 113-123(1992)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 23965

Planting density and pruning system studies on bananas cv.Mas(AA) and Berangan (AAA) II. Effects on yield and fruit quality
Kajian kepadatan tanaman dan sistem pemangkasan pisang Mas(AA) dan pisang Berangan (AAA) II. Kesan terhadap hasil dan kualiti buah

Zabedah, M; Lee, CS; Mohd Ali, M
Fruit Research Division; Kuala Lumpur

MARDI Research Journal 20(2): 125-134(1992)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 23995

Effects of precooling, ethylene absorbent and partial evacuation of air on storage of banana (Musa sp cv.Berangan) under modified atmosphere
Kesan prepenyejukkan, penyerap etilena dan pengeluaran separa udara terhadap penyimpanan pisang (Musa sp. kv.Berangan) dengan atmosphera terubahsuai

Abdullah, H; Rohaya, MA; Mohd Yunus, J
Food Technology Research Centre; MARDI; Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Research Journal 21(2): 171-177(1993)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 24001

Improvement on storage of banana (Musa sp. cv. Mas) under modifed atmosphere


Abdulah, H; Rohaya, MA; Mohd Yunus, J
Food Technology Research Centre; MARDI; Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Research Journal 21: 163-169 (1993)

Abstract:
Improvement studies on a storage method for the banana cv. Mas under modified atmosphere were carried out. Fruit at maturity stage of 7-8 weeks from flower emergence were dehanded, washed, dipped in 500 ppm benomyl and dried before packing into low density polyethylene (LDPE) bags in corrugated fibreboard boxes. The weight of banana in the bags were either 5 kg or 10 kg. Treatments included precooling at 8oC, the use of ethylene absorbent in storage bags and partial evacuation of air before tight sealing of bags. Storage temperature was 14oC. After 4 weeks, the fruit packed in 10kg/box developed CO2 injury, whereas no such injury was detected with fruit packed in 5kg/box even after 6 weeks of storage. The occurrence of CO2 injury was influenced by the content of CO2, O2 and C2 H4 inside the LDPE bags. Packing of banana either in the form of hands or clusters did not influence the final quality of the fruit.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24019

Mutation induction by gamma irradiation in a triploid banana pisang berangan


Mak, C; Ho, YW; Tan, YP; Ibrahim, R; Liew, KW
Department of Genetics and Cellular Biology; University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur

Malaysian Journal of Science 16A: 77-81(1995)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24135

Effects of low pH and aluminium toxicity on growth of banana cultivars - an in vitro study


Marziah, M; Tahir, A; Mohd Razi, I; Mohd Kamil, Y; Zulkifli, HS
Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology; Universiti Pertanian Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Second Asia Pacific Conference on Plant Physiology; Shah Alam; Selangor; 20-22 August 1996

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24146

Effect of gradual water stress on growth, physiological and biochemical changes in banana seedlings


Mohd Kamil, Y; Mohd Razi, I; Marziah, M
Department of Agronomy and Horticulture; Universiti Pertanian Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Second Asia Pacific Conference on Plant Physiology; Shah Alam; Selangor; 20-22 August 1996

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24159

Changes in protein profiles and starch breakdown during ripening and storage of vacuum packed bananas


Chandran, S; Harikrishna, JA; Ong; EK; Nair, H
Department of Botany; University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur

Second Asia Pacific Conference on Plant Physiology; Shah Alam; Selangor; 20-22 August 1996

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24172

A simple objective method to determine harvest maturity of mas banana by colour indexing


Chandran, S; Nair, H
Department of Botany; University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur

Second Asia Pacific Conference on Plant Physiology; Shah Alam; Selangor; 20-22 August 1996

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 30173

The effects of varying carbon dioxide levels on the storage of Bungulan banana


Calara, ES
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1969; 16p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 30265

Factors affecting firmness of some fruits


Cortes, TL
Thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1972; 26p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 30378

Tissue culture of fifty banana cultivars


Damasco, OP; Patena, LF; Umali, MCT; Barba, RC
Philippine Journal of Crop Science 9(3): 201-205(1984)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 30447

Field performance of tissue culture derived banana plants


Damasco, OP; Zamora, AB
Philippine Journal of Crop Science 13(Supp.1): S41(1988)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 30473

The Philippines recommends for banana


Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna

Bulletin Series No.66; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Agriculture and Resources Research Foundation, Inc; 1988; 136p

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 30596

The Philippines recommends for fruit processing and utilization


Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna

Bulletin Series No.68; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Agriculture and Resources Research Foundation, Inc; 1988; 100p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 30686

Design and evaluation of a prototype modified atmosphere storage facility for banana fruits


Tanala, RE
Thesis; Baybay; Leyte; Visayas State College of Agriculture; 1985; 44p

Availability :
Library; Visayas State College of Agriculture; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines




NO. 30688

Somatic chromosome number and mitotic behavior in abaca (Musa textilis Nee), 'agotay' (Musa sp.) and their F1 hybrid


Castanares, MAG
Thesis; Baybay; Leyte; Visayas State College of Agriculture; 1986; 42p

Availability :
Library; Visayas State College of Agriculture; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines




NO. 30714

Selected statistics on agriculture


Bureau of Agricultural Statistics; Department of Agriculture; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines

Quezon City; Bureau of Agricultural Statistics; Department of Agriculture; 1988; viip; 23p

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 30737

An apparent interference of the Guinobatan arrowroot mosaic virus with the viruses of mosaic of abaca, Canna indica, and arrowroot from Davao


Celino, MS; Martinez
Philippine Journal of Science 92(2): 159-167(1963)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 30810

Learning the how to's of banana production and utilization


Visayas State College of Agriculture; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines

Development Forum 2(1): 2-5, 7, 16(1986)

Availability :
Library; Visayas State College of Agriculture; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines




NO. 32589

Feed bananas to your pigs, replace corn


Deocadiz, LA
Philippine Farmers Journal 20(3): 32(1978)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 30930

Host parasite relationship and control of plant parasitic nematodes associated with banana


Davide, RG; Zarate, FA
NSDB Technology Journal 2(2): 9-13(1977)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 30932

Thermal processes for canned low-acid food. I.Banana blossoms, innermost pith of coconut trunk, and common bean
Thermal processes for canned low-acid food. I.Puso ng saguing, ubod, and abitsuelas

Evangelista, ME; Parian, FG; Gonzales, ON
NSDB Technology Journal 2(3): 28-40(1977)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 30941

Studies on the population dynamics of nematodes in relation to the yield loss of banana and evaluation of banana varieties for nematode resistance


Davide, RC
National Research Council of the Philippines Research Bulletin 40(1): 1-26(1985)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31001

Major fruit crops in the country


Garzon, ED; Palpalloc, LT
University of Mindanao Agricultural Research Center; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines

SMARC Monitor 5(3): 4-5(1984)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31019

Evaluation of biological control efficiency of three fungi grown in different substrates for the control of Radopholus similis nematodes on banana


Generalao, LC; Davide, RC
Fruit Bowl 4(1): 36-38(1987)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31066

Characterization of the postharvest quality of Cavendish banana (Musa sp. cv. Umalag) from selected areas in Davao


Gelido, MER
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1986; 128p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31141

Dried banana peelings for growing ducks


Montero, GB; Anglo, PG
NSTA [National Science and Technology Authority] Technology Journal 11(4): 65-71(1986)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31146

Nematode and banana yield loss


Davide, RG
NSTA [National Science and Technology Authority] Technology Journal 11(1): 4-21(1986)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31164

Utilization of food waste materials for energy, food and/or animal feeds production. I.Biogas from dried banana peelings


Silverio, CM; Tan, BV; Pacheco, MVG; Anglo, PG; Abad, EJ; Alamis, MLA
NSTA [National Science and Technology Authority] Technology Journal 8(1): 71-80(1983)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31212

Comparative study of the cellulose content of the trunks of different varieties of banana


Laserna, G; Buenaventura, JS; Cu, GL
Philippine Journal of Science 87(2): 143-148(1958)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31261

Extraction and characterization of pectin from the peels of two ripened banana varieties


Fontanoza, EV
Thesis; Baybay; Leyte; Visayas State College of Agriculture; 1989; 37p

Availability :
Library; Visayas State College of Agriculture; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines




NO. 32735

Textile from bananas


Gibe, BP
PCARRD Farmnews 13(8): 6(1987)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31325

Studies on respiration of banana fruits


Mendoza, DB, Jr
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1967; 36p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31348

Cytogenetics of Musa textilis Nee. x Musa balbisiana Colla hybrids in the Philippines


Zamora-Oracion, MB
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1985; 161p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31359

A technique for rapid multiplication of banana planting materials


Valmayor, RV; Hilomen, BC
Agriculture at Los Banos 8(3): 1-4(1969)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31361

Flour from your bananas


Hapitan, JC, Jr
Agriculture at Los Banos 8(3): 11-12(1969)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31365

Some problems and recommendations for harvesting and marketing bananas


Pantastico, EB; Mendoza, DB, Jr; Hapitan, JC, Jr
Agriculture at Los Banos 9(1): 10-11, 14(1969)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31369

Banana fruit pulp: a good medium for growing orchids


Valmayor, HL; Price, GR
Agriculture at Los Banos 9(4): 1-2(1970)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31391

Pointers on growing bananas


Hapitan, JC, Jr
Agriculture at Los Banos 3(2): 1-7(1963)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31401

Influence of planting material on growth and crop yield of Lakatan banana


Valmayor, RV; Clemente, IM; Hapitan, JC, Jr
Agriculture at Los Banos 10(3): 8-10(1971)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31425

Some diseases of bananas


Pordesimo, AN
Agriculture at Los Banos 9(3): 10-11(1970)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31431

Long fiber from banana trunk


Monsalud, MR; Tamolang, FN
Araneta Research Journal 15(3): 121-125(1968)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31556

The etiology and control of 'bugtok' disease on Cardaba banana


Garcia, AS
Plant Protection News 15(1-2): 9-18(1986)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31562

Climate, soil and cultural requirements of selected Philippine fruits


Matienzo, LH, Jr
Greenfields 3(2): 2-8(1973)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31564

Bananas for the world


Matienzo, LH, Jr
Greenfields 3: 32-34(1973)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31566

How much pesticide is left in fruits


Lastimosa, PJ
PCARRD Monitor 10(9): 12(1982)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31691

Experimental transmission of aspermy virus to Philippine Canna indica


Ocfemia, GO
Philippine Agriculturist 40(1): 624-626(1956)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31696

Mechanical transmission of the abaca mosaic virus


Celino, MS; Martinez, AL
Philippine Agriculturist 40(3): 120-128(1956)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31698

Reaction of varieties of abaca and its relatives to vascular disease


Umali, DL; Ick, FR; Orillo, FT
Philippine Agriculturist 40(3): 115-119(1956)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31700

Abaca and its improvement


Umali, DL; Brewbaker, JL
Philippine Agriculturist 40(5-6): 213-230(1956)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31710

Plant characters, fiber and cytology of Musa balbisiana x Musa textilis F1 hybrids


Bernardo, FA
Philippine Agriculturist 41(3): 117-156(1957)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31745

Methods of storing bananas


Smock, RM
Philippine Agriculturist 51(6): 501-517(1967)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31748

Respiration of banana fruits


Mendoza, DB
Philippine Agriculturist 51(9): 747-756(1968)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31749

Some factors affecting chilling injury on banana fruits


Abilay, RM
Philippine Agriculturist 51(9): 757-765(1968)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31751

The cytology and morphology of eleven varieties of Philippine bananas


De Leon, BB; Ramirez, DA; Valmayor, RV
Philippine Agriculturist 52(3): 119-132(1968)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31756

The cytology and morphology of six varieties of Philippine bananas


Dolores, RC; Ramirez, DA; Valmayor, RV
Philippine Agriculturist 53(2): 79-94(1969)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31761

Black leaf streak disease of bananas in the Philippines


Hapitan, JC, Jr; Reyes, TT
Philippine Agriculturist 54(1-2): 46-54(1970)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31769

Postharvest ripening and degreening of banana and citrus fruits with 2-chloroethylphosphonic acid (ethrel)


Bondad, ND
Philippine Agriculturist 55(7-8): 310-321(1972)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31771

Evaluation of three nematocides for the control of Meloidogyne incognita affecting banana


Davide, RG
Philippine Agriculturist 57(5-6): 187-197(1973)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32376

Bacteria cause tapurok disease of banana


Philippine Abstracts 10(1-2): 17(1969)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32734

Keeping banana fresher


Gibe, BP
PCARRD Farmnews 13(8): 5(1987)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31796

A cytological study of Philippine bananas: I.Bungulan, Latundan and Lacatan


Hapitan, JC, Jr; Valmayor, RV; Ramirez, DA
Philippine Agriculturist 46(2-3): 108-116(1962)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31812

Reaction of Musa balbisiana - Musa textilis BC, and BC2 to abaca mosaic virus


Bernardo, FA; Villareal, RL; Garcia, MU
Philippine Agriculturist 49(1): 47-51(1965)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31814

Influence of fertilizers on the yield of bananas


Valmayor, RV; Hapitan, JC, Jr; Felizardo, BC
Philippine Agriculturist 49(5): 412-419(1965)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31815

Notes on mutant forms among Philippine plants IV: a case of a 'recurrently' mutating banana


Valmayor, RV; Hapitan, JC, Jr
Philippine Agriculturist 49(5): 420-421(1965)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31893

The culture of bananas (Latundan) in Magpapalayok, Tambo, San Leonardo, Nueva Ecija


Cayanga, IT
Plant Industry Digest 11(3): 15-18(1948)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31894

Some pointers of banana growing


Rodrigo, PA
Plant Industry Digest 11(5): 14-16(1948)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31910

Effects of wax-ethylene and wax-acethylene combination on some postharvest characteristics of bananas


Umali, BE
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1975; 27p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31919

Proximate analysis and mineral composition of some Philippine bananas and plantains


Herrera, MF
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1980; 122p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31924

A cytological study of three cultivars of Philippine bananas: Alaswe, Bangan, and Pa-adalaga


Lopez, JSL
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1984; 40p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31960

A cytological study of Pacol, Butuhan, and Saba


Mendoza, EM
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1955; 18p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31964

Root distribution based on P12 uptake of papaya and banana under monoculture and as intercrops of pineapple


Angeles, DE
Dissertation; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1988; 126p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32005

The production of wrapping paper from banana (Saba) leaf sheaths by the sulphate process


Pablo, AA
Philippine Abstracts 11(1-2): 34(1970)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32016

Effect of maturity and dehydration on the quality of chips prepared from saba banana


Mariano, LA; Gonzalez, ON; Pablo, IS
Science Bulletin of the Science Foundation of the Philippines 13(4): 27-35 (1963)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32050

Growth and yield of micropropagated and sucker-derived banana plants (Musa spp. cvs. Lakatan, Bungulan and Saba)


Zamora, AB; Damasco, OP; Estao, ES; Barba, RC; Patea, LF
Philippine Agriculturist 72(4): 458-465(1989)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32052

Development of a minimal growth medium for in vitro storage of banana and plantain (Musa spp.) germplasm


Zamora, AB; Damasco, OP; Landicho, L
Philippine Agriculturist 72(4): 466-472(1989)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32069

All about bananas


Tacio, HD
Greenfields 17(5): 14-17(1987)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32080

Assessment of bacterization in increasing the transplanting survival of in vitro cultured Saba banana (Musa sp. cv. Saba (BBB))


Ona, JAM
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1985; 46p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32106

A cytological study of Philippine bananas: Saba Sa Hapon and Talid


Lit, BL
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1983; 27p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32111

Effect of ultraviolet light on storage of bananas


Garcia, JL
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1976; 24p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32116

A cytological study of Philippine bananas


Hapitan Jr, JC
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1961; 15p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32159

Let's not overlook bananas


Galon, SM
Greenfields 12(4): 31-34(1982)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32171

Philippine fibers and fibrous substances: their suitability for paper making


Richmond, GF
Philippine Journal of Science 1(5): 433-464(1906)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32209

Long fiber from banana trunk


Monsalud, MB; Tandang, FN
Philippine Abstracts 9(3-4): 67(1968)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32217

Maturity of bananas (cv. Giant Cavendish) at harvesting: a new measuring method


Holin, J
Food Science and Technology Abstracts 19(8): 63(1987)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32351

Fruit production dominated by bananas, pineapples and mangoes


Urbanes, PO, Jr(ed)
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 21(1): 42-44(1987)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32454

Bananas


Tacio, HD
Weekly Agribusiness 1(21): 16-18(1987)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32487

Making wine from Philippine fruits


Agualada, HS
Greenfields 7(11): 10-12(1977)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32502

The relationship between certain chemical constituents of Saba bananas and their processing into banana chips


Lustre, AO
Philippine Abstracts 19(4): 22(1978)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32503

Irradiation of fresh Cavendish bananas and mangoes: the microbiological aspect


Alasbastro, EF; Pineda, AS; Pangan, AC; Del Valle, M
Philippine Abstracts 19(4): 22(1978)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32533

Making it to the world; bananas: green gold from the Philippines


Urbanes, PO
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 15(4): 6-9(1980)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32536

Post-harvest handling of fruits


Urbanes, PO
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 15(7): 33(1980)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32538

Banana processing and marketing


Javellana, C
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 15(11): 18, 20, 38(1980)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32546

More Saba bananas certain


Urbanes, PO
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 18(5): 25, 28(1984)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32563

More Saba bananas with tissue culture


Flores, LB
Research at Los Banos 3(3): 17(1984)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32599

Qualities of good fruits


Bigornia, AA
Market Day (April): 25(1979)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32627

Gas diffusion factors in fruits II.Anatomical structure of banana


Nuevo, PA; Pantastico, EB; Mendoza, DB
Postharvest Research Notes 1(2): 26-27(1984)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32632

Acceleration of tomato ripening with Saba bananas


Sjaifullah; Bautista, OK
Postharvest Research Notes 1(3): 78-80(1984)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32633

Physico-chemical and physiological characteristics of Saba bananas at different color stages


Cua, AU; Uy, WT; Wijangco, JE; Dela Paz, AC; Lizada, MCC
Postharvest Research Notes 1(3): 81-83(1984)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32636

The use of bamboo baskets in the storage of Saba bananas in moist sawdust


Olea, AB
Postharvest Research Notes 1(4): 115-117(1984)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32637

Saba: making it to the world export market


Urbanes, PO
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 23(11): 37(1990)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32640

Senorita banana - for a profitable sauce production


Ferre, AF; Perlado, EB
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 24(1): 68-69(1990)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32696

A comparison of three kinds of banana planting materials


Bartolome, R; Songcuan, MR
Philippine Journal of Agriculture 23(1-3): 37-43(1958)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32697

Effects of reducing the number of hands in a bunch of Lakatan banana


Boncato, AA
Philippine Journal of Plant Industry 32(3-4): 243-251(1967)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32702

The effect of acetylene gas on the starch and sugar contents of ripening bananas (var. Lacatan, Latundan)


Garcia, EH; Chioco, VP; Cahanap, AC
Philippine Journal of Plant Industry 38(3-4): 1-10(1973)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32720

Preliminary study on the suitability of four varieties of banana in the preparation of banana bread


Negrillo, LR; Eusebio, RE
CLSU [Central Luzon State University] Scientific Journal 4(3): 170-175(1968)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32745

Keep abreast of modern banana growing


Sarian, ZB
Philippine Farms and Gardens 8(8): 18(1971)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32746

Pectin from fruits


Zamora, EL
Philippine Farms and Gardens 8(9): 2(1971)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32771

Dissolving pulp from non-wood materials 2.Botolan fibers


Bawagan, BO; Nicolas, PM
Philippine Lumberman 18(5): 30-32(1972)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32781

The proximate chemical composition of the fibers of some Philippine bananas


Semana, JA; Escolano, EU; Francia, PC
Philippine Lumberman 22(11): 26-31(1976)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32834

Nonrefrigerated home storage of Saba banana


Uy, WT; Lizada, MCC
Postharvest Research Notes 1(4): 112-115(1984)

Availability :
Library; Institute of Human Nutrition and Food; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32890

What to do with those peelings


Tupas, FL
Bato Balani 2(2): 3-4(1981)

Availability :
Library; Science and Technology Information Institute; Bicutan; Taguig; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 32892

Wine from sampalok, atis or calumpit, anyone?


Andaya, DS
Bato Balani 2(2): 35-36(1981)

Availability :
Library; Scientific and Technology Information Institute; Department of Science and Technology; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 32894

Banana processing


Technology Package (1989)

Availability :
Library; Industrial Technology Development Institute; Department of Science and Technology; Manila; Philippines




NO. 32964

Natural resources based investment project profile - banana plantation


Metro Manila; Department of Environment and Natural Resources; [year?; pages?]

Availability :
Library; Department of Environment and Natural Resources; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33031

Banana bonanza


Sonnenberg, L
Health Home 23(2): 30-31(1982)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines; Diliman; Quezon City




NO. 33147

Destructive banana disease


Montecillo, CM
Agricultural and Industrial Life 30(12): 18(1968)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33152

Banana management for the export trade


Poore, SW
Agricultural and Industrial Life 37(3): 34-35, 45(1970)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33153

Some observations on 'bugtok' disease of certain banana species in Misamis Oriental


Nunag, BSL
Agricultural and Industrial Life 27(2): 8, 50(1965)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33162

The growing of bananas in the Philippines


Parago, JF
Agricultural and Industrial Life 25(5): 7, 24(1963)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33173

The use of banana leaf in the prevention and treatment of pressure sores


Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine 24(3): 128-130(1986)

Availability :
Library; College of Public Health; University of the Philippines; Ermita; Manila




NO. 33203

The lowly banana


Rodrigo, PA
Agricultural, Commercial, Industrial Life 11(4): 22(1949)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33204

Grow more papayas and bananas in the backyard


Rodrigo, PA
Agricultural and Industrial Life 12(1): 31(1950)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33231

Nutrient management for some field and plantation crops in Philippine farming systems


Recel, MR
Soils and Water Technical Bulletin 7(3): 1-15(1990)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33346

Response of Gardava banana fruit to different ripening materials


Martin, WR
BSc thesis; Kabacan; Cotabato; University of Southern Mindanao; 1980; 14p

Availability :
Library; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 33358

Etiology and control of 'bugtok'


Garcia, AS
SMARC Monitor 4(1): 7(1983)

Availability :
Library; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 33382

The effect of varying ethrel concentrations on the ripening of Latundan banana


Nermal, S; Muasque, VS; Baluyut, N
SMARC Monitor 4(1): 13(1983)

Availability :
Library; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 33386

Effects of varying levels of ethrel and CaCO3 combination on the speed of ripening Lacatan banana


Oria, DV; Imlan, JS
Mindanao Institute of Technology Research Journal 7(1): 43-49(1977)

Availability :
Library; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 33423

Induction of the ripening of banana using passionfruit


Salva, GG
BSc thesis; Musuan; Bukidnon; Central Mindanao University; 1987; 45p

Availability :
Library; Central Mindanao University; Musuan; Bukidnon; Philippines




NO. 33426

Comparative effect of the different ripening agents on two varieties of banana


Albeza, AM
BSc thesis; Musuan; Bukidnon; Central Mindanao University; 1990; 29p

Availability :
Library; Central Mindanao University; Musuan; Bukidnon; Philippines




NO. 33494

Banana leaf meal for broiler production


Oamil, RP; Cambel, IH
SMARC Monitor 3(1): 53(1982)

Availability :
Library; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 33529

The influence of the number of leaves on the growth and yield of banana


Usman, AL
BSc thesis; Kabacan; Cotabato; University of Southern Mindanao; 1976; 25p

Availability :
Library; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 33532

Influence of chemicals in accelerating the ripening of citrus and bananas


Dumlao, JRB
BSc thesis; Kabacan; Cotabato; University of Southern Mindanao; 1976; 17p

Availability :
Library; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 33533

The influence of the number of suckers on the growth and yield of Cavendish banana


Juban, RV
BSc thesis; Kabacan; Cotabato; University of Southern Mindanao; 1976; 22p

Availability :
Library; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 33554

Banana fruit


La Union Technoguide 1-29(1990)

Availability :
Library; Rural Development Research and Training Center; Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University; Bacnotan; La Union; Philippines




NO. 33617

Effect of ripening agents on bananas


Gongora, GG
BSc thesis; Batac; Ilocos Norte; College of Agriculture; Mariano Marcos State University; 1979; 41p

Availability :
Library; Mariano Marcos State University; Batac; Ilocos Norte; Philippines




NO. 33636

Postharvest effect of gibberellic acid on banana


Rustia, LS
BSc thesis; Batac; Ilocos Norte; Mariano Marcos State University; 1980; iip; 34p

Availability :
Library; Mariano Marcos State University; Batac; Ilocos Norte; Philippines




NO. 33997

Preserving banana


Garcia, LB; De Lara, RG
Livelihood Series: Cottage and light industries from plants; [place ?; publisher ?]; 1984; p113-116

Availability :
National Library; Filipiniana and Asia Division; Ermita; Manila; Philippines




NO. 34021

Germination of seeds and growth of seedlings of Phalaenopsis amabilis using three banana varieties and peptone as additives to Knudson C


Cacho, JV
Malabon; Metro Manila; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; 1976; 55p

Availability :
National Library; Filipiniana and Asia Division; Ermita; Manila; Philippines




NO. 34031

The utilization of banana peelings in jam-making and its implication to nutrition


Quiaoit, SP
MSc thesis; Dumaguete City; Central Visayas Polytechnic College; 1984; 59p

Availability :
National Library; Filipiniana and Asia Division; Ermita; Manila; Philippines




NO. 34034

The effect of dilution and sugar concentration on the acetification of banana mash (Saba variety)


Abdulsani, KB
MSc thesis; Marbel; South Cotabato; Notre Dame of Marbel College; 1977; 38p

Availability :
National Library; Filipiniana and Asia Division; Ermita; Manila; Philippines




NO. 34035

Comparative study of the alcohol content of the peeling and flowers of five varieties of bananas


Espanto, FK
MSc thesis; University of Northern Philippines; 1985; 48p

Availability :
National Library; Filipiniana and Asia Division; Ermita; Manila; Philippines




NO. 34039

Dehydration of fruits


De Leon, SY; Bravo, OC; Martinez, LO
Fruits and Vegetables Dehydration Manual; [place ?; publisher ?]; 1988; p63-83

Availability :
National Library; Filipiniana and Asia Division; Ermita; Manila; Philippines




NO. 34044

Local fruits as media in producing vinegar and their effects on food as seasoning


Molina, PI
MSc thesis; Bayambang; Pangasinan; College of Education; Pangasinan State University; 1981; 115p

Availability :
National Library; Filipiniana and Asia Division; Ermita; Manila; Philippines




NO. 34045

The effectiveness of some local fruit and vegetable juices as meat tenderizers under household conditions


Manlulu, LM
MSc thesis; Manila; Philippine Women's University; 1966; 99p

Availability :
National Library; Filipiniana and Asia Division; Ermita; Manila; Philippines




NO. 33679

The effect of storage containers upon the stability of bananas (var. Lacatan) at ambient temperature


Asis, EA
BSc thesis; Bacnotan; La Union; Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University; 1983; xvip; 70p

Availability :
Library; Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University; Bacnotan; La Union; Philippines




NO. 33868

Effect of gamma radiation on the growth of storage rot-causing microorganisms in banana under different incubation temperatures


Flor, PQ; Pascual, FP; Valencia, I
Proceedings of the Radioisotope Society of the Philippines Inc. and the Philippine Society of Nuclear Medicine Joint Annual Convention; 1973; p50-62

Availability :
National Library; Filipiniana and Asia Division; Ermita; Manila; Philippines




NO. 33911

Storage characteristics of dried ripe banana using different storage media


Alingog, CA
BSc thesis; Echague; Isabela State University; 1984; xp; 21p

Availability :
Library; Isabela State University; Echague; Philippines




NO. 33958

Breeding and isolation of abaca mosaic resistant clones


Garrido, TG; Agati, JA; Batoon, CR
The Philippine Journal of Agriculture 25(1-4): 35-66(1960)

Availability :
National Library; Manila; Philippines




NO. 34105

Canning and preserving fruits, and their juices
Pagsasalata at preserbasyon ng prutas at mga katas nito

Unlad 11(17): 22-27(1980)

Availability :
National Library; Manila; Philippines




NO. 34191

A comparative study on the use of three different varieties of banana in catsup making


Limsa, MC
BSc thesis; Aborlan; Palawan National Agricultural College; 1986; 15p

Availability :
Library; Palawan National Agricultural College; Aborlan; Philippines




NO. 34227

A study on the effect of varying amounts of banana meal as a replacement to corn meal in the ration of broiler


Fabian, AF
BSc thesis; Aborlan; Palawan National Agricultural College; 1983; 24p

Availability :
Library; Palawan Agricultural Research Center; Palawan National Agricultural College; Aborlan; Philippines




NO. 34335

Effect of water soaking duration of banana leaves on mushroom production


Fidel, PV
BSc thesis; Indang; Cavite; Don Severino Agricultural College; 1979; ixp; 22p

Availability :
Library; Don Severino Agricultural College; Indang; Cavite; Philippines




NO. 34350

Storage of Latundan bananas with moist sawdust using different containers


Ernacio, LM
BSc thesis; Indang; Cavite; Don Severino Agricultural College; 1986; xiip; 37p

Availability :
Library; Don Severino Agricultural College; Indang; Cavite; Philippines




NO. 34366

State of the art: Abstract bibliography of banana researches


Crops Bibliography Series No.8; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1985

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34384

Banana-based farming systems


Salaver, FO
Banana and plantain research and development; Book Series No.41; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1986; p75-77

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34385

Bananas and plantains in the Philippines


Valmayor, RV
Banana and plantain research and development in Asia and Pacific; Los Banos; Laguna; INIBAP; 1990; p87-120

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34386

Microbial biomass protein from Cavendish bananas


Uyenco, FA; Cereno, CA; Ochoa, AK
Banana and plantain research and development; Book Series No.41; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1986; p147-151

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34387

Utilization of banana surplus for animal feeds


Zamora, RG
Banana and plantain research and development; Book Series No.41; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1986; p136-145

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34388

Postharvest handling in saba


Esguerra, EB; Brown, EO; Briones, JP; Lizada, MCC; Ausmolo, EE
Banana and Plantain Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna; PCAFNRRD; 1986; Book Series No.41; p124-129

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34389

Distribution, host-parasite relationship and control of banana nematodes in the Philippines


Davide, RG
Banana and plantain research and development; Book Series No.41; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1986; p113-123

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34390

Reaction of local banana and plantain cultivars to bunchy-top and other viral diseases


Magnaye, LV
Banana and plantain research and development; Book Series No.41; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1986; p89-95

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34391

Studies of Philippine bananas


Quisumbing, EA
Studies of Philippine Bananas; Los Banos; Laguna; PCAFNRRD; [year?]; p83

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34400

Insect pest management in banana


Dawl, NM
Banana and plantain research and development; Book Series No.41; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1986; p100-105

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34408

Bananas and plantains in Southeast Asia


Valmayor, RV; Jones, DR; Subijanto; Polprasid, P; Jamaluddin, SH
Los Banos; Laguna; INIBAP: Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1990; vp; 45p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34420

Banana classification and commercial cultivars in Southeast Asia


Valmayor, RV; Silayoi, B; Jamaluddin, SH; Kusumo, S; Espino, RRC; Pascua, OC
Information Bulletin No.20; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1991; 20p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34421

State of the art: Banana and plantain research and development in the Philippines


Gapasin, DP; Umali, BE
Banana and plantain research and development; Book Series No.41; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1986; p11-18

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34427

The Bureau of Agriculture banana collection


Barrett, OW
Philippine Agricultural Review [vol ?; no ?]: 433-439; [year ?]

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34430

Classification of Philippine Musae II.Canton and Minay, putative hybrid forms of Musa textilis Nee.and Musa balbisiana Colla


Brewbaker, JL; Gorrez, DD; Umali, DL
The Philippine Agriculturist [vol ?; no ?]: 242-257[year?]

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34441

Isolation of Pseudomonas solanacearum from abaca and banana in the Philippines


Jehr, EI
Plant Disease Reporter 54(6): 516-520(1970)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34451

The use of food additives in the preservation of candied banana (Saba variety) packed in plastic bags


Cabotaje, EO
BSc thesis; Munoz; Nueva Ecija; Central Luzon State University; 1966

Availability :
Central Luzon State University; Munoz; Nueva Ecija; Philippines




NO. 34453

Banana sheath for jewelry making


Felix, ZL
Tarlac College of Agriculture Research Journal 1(1): 27-35(1978)

Availability :
Tarlac College of Agriculture; Camiling; Philippines




NO. 34454

Establishment of wild bananas in plantation for pulp production


Forest Product Research and Industries Development Commission; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna

College; Laguna; Forest Product Research and Industries Development Commission; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1971; p42

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34469

Lanao's banana industry and problems


Agcaoili, LB
Agricultural and Industrial Life 21(6): 8-9, 24(1959)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34470

Stage of ripeness of Saba banana as a criterion in the production of an ideal banana chip


Agtarap, NN; Sulit, JJ
BSc thesis; Caloocan City; Araneta University Foundation; 1966

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34471

Production and marketing of banana in selected towns in Cavite


Aguilar, MT
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1985; 45p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 34472

Ripening Latundan and Lacatan banana with acetylene


Ancheta, FP
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1985

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 34473

Some plant parasitic nematodes found in the vicinities of General Santos and Davao, Mindanao


Anderson, ES; Alaban, CA
Philippine Phytophatology 4: 1-2(1968)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34474

Bananas


Philippine Agriculture Review 4(1): 16(1911)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34475

Pathogenicity and cultural requirements of the causal organisms of banana (Musa spp.) crown rot and chemical control of the disease in the Philippines


Anotharom, S
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1981; 104p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 34476

Effect of oxygen levels on storage of Bungulan banana


Apolinario, VA
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1968; 14p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 34477

Effect of maturity on some chemical characters of banana (Musa sapientum L. var. Lacatan)


Baes, AU
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1969; 14p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 34478

A review of some Philippine plant diseases


Baker, FC
Philippine Agriculture and Forestry 3: 156-164(1914)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34479

Additional notes on Philippine plant diseases


Baker, FC
Philippine Agriculture and Forestry 5: 73-78(1916)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34480

Comparative study and analysis of pectin from Butuan and Tindok


Bantug, JP; Buenconsejo, AA
BSc thesis; Manila; Philippine Women's University; 1968

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34481

Sulfiting Saba banana puree for catsup manufacture


Banzon, MN
BSc thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; College of Home Economics; University of the Philippines; 1968

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34483

Banana culture


Barrett, OW
Philippine Agriculture Review 7(2): 58-64(1914)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculturae, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34484

The Bureau of Agriculture banana collection


Barrett, OW
Philippine Agriculture Review 6(9): 433-439(1913)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34485

Population dynamics, culture, host range and chemical control of Radopholus similis (Cobb)Thorns of banana


Boncato, AA
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1979; 87p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34486

Radopholus similis on cavendish banana in Davao del Norte: III. Laboratory and field evaluation of nematicides for R.similis control


Boncato, AA; Davide, RG
Philippine Agriculturist 63: 147-155(1980)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34487

The effect of wax and amchem 68-64 on the ripening of Lacatan banana


Bondad, ND
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1969; 29p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34488

Ethrel: a new ripening stimulant for bananas


Bondad, ND; Pantastico, EB; Mendoza, DB
Agriculture at Los Banos 10(2): 7-16(1970)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34489

Postharvest ripening and degreening of banana and citrus fruits with 2-chloroethylphosphoric acid (ethrel)


Bondad, ND
Philippine Agriculturist 55(7-8): 310-321(1971)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34490

New methods of ripening banana fruits


Bondad, ND
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 7(8): 30(1972)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34494

The effect of ethrel concentrations on the ripening of polyethylene-wrapped and unwrapped banana


Bugna, RC
BSc thesis; Manila; Central Philippine University; 1971; 29p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34495

Comparative digestibility in vitro of Philippine bananas


Caguicla, EM
Philippine Agriculturist 2(5): 344-351(1932)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34497

Biochemical changes in bananas during ripening


Camurungan, RG
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1970; 152p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34498

The effect of cooking on the digestibility in vitro of Saba banana


Canlas, MG
University of the Philippines College of Agriculture Bi-weekly Bulletin 2(4): 12(1933)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34499

A case of teratological twining in banana


Capinpin, JM
Philippine Agriculturist 15: 167(1926)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34500

Factors influencing brown spotting of Bungulan bananas II.Storage treatments


Capistrano, LG
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1975

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34501

Oxygen levels in controlled atmosphere storage of bananas


Castillo, M; Frances, Z; De Leon, SY
BSc thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; University of the Philippines; 1967

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34502

Marketing banana in Cavite and Laguna


Castillo, PSB
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1972; 29p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34504

The culture of bananas (Latundan) in Magpapalayok, Tambo, San Leonardo, Nueva Ecija


Cayanga, IT; Mabalay, F
Plant Industry Digest 11(3): 15-18(1948)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34505

The banana weevil


Cendana, SM
Philippine Agriculturist 10: 367-376(1922)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34506

A report on plant diseases


Clara, FM
Plant Industry Digest 8: 25-27(1945)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34507

Pathogenecity and identity of root knot nematodes on five varieties of bananas


Claudio, MZ
Philippine Agriculturist 51: 241-251(1967)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34508

The influence of planting materials on the growth and crop yield of Lacatan banana


Clemente, IM
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1968; 9p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34510

The status and problems of processing and utilization of fruits


Crisostomo, LC
Proceedings of the 1st National Fruit Symposium, Davao City, Philippines, June 7-9, 1978; p12-132

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34511

Pesticide residue analysis of major fruits


Custodio, HA; Magallona, ED
UPLB-PCARR Project No.253; College; Laguna; 1980; 43p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34512

Fungal diseases of Morado banana fruits and leaves in Carmen, Davao del Norte


Dalisay, RF
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1979

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34514

Survey and identification of plant parasitic nematodes associated with banana


Davide, RG; Gargantiel, FT
Proceedings of the 15th National Pest Control Council Conference, May 8-10, 1974, Davao City, Philippines

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34515

Host parasite relationships and control of plant parasitic nematodes associated with banana


Davide, RG; Zarate; FA
National Science Development Board Technical Journal [vol ?]: 9-13 (1977)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34516

Management and control of the major pests in bananas


Davis, NM
Proceedings of the 2nd National Fruit Crops Symposium, December 12-14, 1979, Cebu City, Philippines

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34517

Biology, ecology and control of banana scaring weevil, Philicoptus iliganus (Heller) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)


Davis, NM
Thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1982; 123p

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34518

The possibility of producing wine from different varieties of bananas on a commercial scale


De Castro, FB; Abiva, DA; Celis, F
San Andres; Metro Manila; Bureau of Plant Industry; 1968

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34519

Plantlet regeneration from unirradiated and irradiated banana shoot tip tissues cultured in vitro


De Guzman, EV; Decena, AC; Ubalde, EM
Philippine Agriculturist 63(2): 140-146(1980)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34520

Preparation of banana flours and their proximate chemical compositions


De Guzman, FR
MSc thesis; Manila; Centro Escolar University; 1960

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34522

The cytology and morphology of six varieties of Philippine bananas


De Leon, BB; Ramirez, DA; Valmayor, RV
Philippine Agriculturist 52(2): 79-94(1969)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34523

Packaging and storage studies on dehydrated candied mangoes and bananas


De Leon, SY; Salas, BL
Proceedings of the 2nd National Fruit Crops Symposium, December 12-14, 1979, Cebu City, Philippines; p136-150

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34625

Feeding value of banana rejects for beef cattle evaluated


Salting, PS; Gorrez, D; Calub, AO; Montealto, EM
Livestock and Poultry Circular and Research News 7(1): 2-10(1978)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34626

Control of nematodes with Temik 15G Aldicarb and its residue in the fruit of Giant Cavendish banana


San Juan, MO; Lozano, LD
Proceedings of the 9th Pest Control Council of the Philippines, Manila, May 3-6, 1978

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34627

Diseases and insect pests of banana and their control


San Juan, MO; Dawi, NM
Proceedings of the First National Workshop Symposium on Fruits, Davao City, June 7-9, 1978; p59-85

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34628

The interrelationships of Radopholus similis Cobb. and Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood on banana


Santor, W
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1981

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34629

Proximate chemical composition of the fibers of some Philippine bananas


Semana, JA; Escarona, EU; Francia, PC
Forpride Digest 7(4): 10-18(1978)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34630

Banana diseases in the Philippines


Serrano, FB
Philippine Agricultural Review 18(4): 578-582(1925)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources, Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34632

Handling bananas


Smock, RM; Mendoza, DB; Abilay, RM
Philippine Farms and Gardens 4(10): 12-17(1967)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34633

The rhetological and thermal characteristics of fruit juices


Sonido, DG; Alabastro, EF
NSRC Research Project of Home Economics 9(1-2): 43(1971)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34636

Trends in area planted, production and prices of fresh banana and fresh mango in the Philippines


Tabadero, TN, Jr
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1977

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34638

Postwar trends of production hectarage and prices of bananas in the Philippines, 1949-1966


Tapay, NE
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1969; 34p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34640

Effects of wax-ethylene and wax acetylene combination on some postharvest characteristics of banana


Umali, BE; Mendoza, DE; Mayuga, DA
BSc thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; University of the Philippines; 1975

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources, Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 63208

Banana planting
Bertanam pisang

Soetomo S, M.D.
Karya Bani Press; Jakarta; 1985

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 64174

Guide for banana cultivation
Pedoman pengusahaan tanaman pisang

Sumarjono, H.; Poernomo; Widodo
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH); Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Informasi Lembaga Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research Institute Information] (14); 21-30 (1980)

Availability :
Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development Library




NO. 64211

Making more from fruit and vegetable


Making Progress in Agro-based Industry; Introducing the Work of IRDABI; p.7-9

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69855

Screening of banana varietas for resistance to bacterial wilt
Uji resistensi varietas pisang terhadap bakteri layu

Hanudin; Tjahjono, Budi; Sugiharso
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH); Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Jurnal Hortikultura [Horticultural Journal] 3(1): 37-42(1993)

Abstract:
Bacterial wilt caused by Pseudomonas solanacearum is one of important diseases on banana, which is capable of reducing banana production up to 30 percent. A study was conducted to determine the resistance of banana cultivars to bacterial wilt and distribution of these bacterial wilt especially in the province of West Java. A Completely Randomized Design with 20 varieties of banana as treatments with 5 replications were used. Papan and multivarieties showed moderate resistant, whereas other varieties tested gave moderate susceptible to the bacterial wilt. Field observations on banana plantations were conducted in some regencies in the province of West Java. The bacterial wilt incidence was found in Kuningan, Cianjur, Sukabumi, Subang, Bogor, Bandung and Pandeglang, which were less than 1%.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 34524

Processing and marketing of canned, dehydrated and frozen fruits


De Leon, SY
Thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; University of the Philippines; 1976

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34525

Extraction and ethanol fermentation of sugar from ripe banana fruits


Del Rosario, EJ
Los Banos; Laguna; UPLB (BIOTECH)-PCARRD Project; 1984

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34526

The effect of coconut water on wine production from Musa balbisiana var. botoan


Del Rosario, LB
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1968

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34527

Banana wine botoan variety


Del Rosario, L; Gonzales, O; Pablo, IS
Manila; Philippine Women's University; [year]; p ?

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34528

Development and storage characteristics of banana sauce from Cavendish banana


Dizon, JS; Gonzales, ON
Thesis; Manila; Philippine Women's University; 1973

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34529

A comparative study of freshly cooked and canned Saba pie filling: its acceptability, carotene retention and production cost


Echevarria, M
Philippine Journal of Nutrition 19(1-2): 161(1966)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34530

Classification of Philippine bananas


Espino, RRC
UPLB-PCARRD Project No.89-253-21; College; Laguna; 1983; 49p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34531

Further study on the effect of oxygen levels on the storage of Bungulan banana


Espino, VC
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1969

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34532

Production and marketing of banana in Los Banos and Calamba


Ferrer, GR
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of Philippines at Los Banos; 1969; 51p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34533

Comparative digestibility in vitro of Philippine bananas


Figueroa, WS
The Philippine Agriculturist 23: 73(1934)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34534

Effect of gamma radiation on the growth of storage rot-causing microorganism in banana under different incubation temperature I.Variety latundan


Flor, PQ; Pascual, FP; Valencia, I
Quezon City; Agricultural Science Department; Philippine Atomic Research Center; Philippine Atomic Energy Commission; 1972

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34535

Effect of gamma radiation on the growth and storage of rot-causing microorganisms in banana under different incubation temperature I.Var.lacatan


Flor, PQ; Piedad-Pascual, F; Valencia, I
Philippine Phytopathology 9: 19-26(1973)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34536

Effects of polyethylene package on the storage of bananas


Flores, TT
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1976

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34537

Study of the etiology and control of 'bugtok' disease of 'cardaba' banana


Garcia, AS
Davao City; Bureau of Plant Industry; Davao Experiment Station; 1980

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34538

The etiology and control of 'bugtok' disease on Cardaba banana


Garcia, AS
Bureau of Plant Industry-PCARRD Project No.825; Los Banos; Laguna; 1984

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34540

Suitability of banana flour in the preparation of butter cakes


Garcia, LE
BSc thesis; Munoz; Nueva Ecija; Central Luzon State University; 1968

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34541

Organoleptic and chemical properties of four new Philippine fruit wines II. (banana, buko water, pineapple and tomato)


Garcia, EH; Cahanap, AC; Cabrera, MP
Philippine Journal of Plant Industry 40-41: 29-35(1971)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34542

Preparation of wine from Philippine fruits


Gonzales, LG
University of the Philippines College of Agriculture Bi-weekly Bulletin 1(11): 1-2(1933)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34546

Cosmopolitan sordidus: A destructive insect pest of bananas and plantains


Hapitan Jr, JC; Gabriel, B
Philippine Farms and Gardens 6(4): 18-19(1969)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34547

Storage and transit diseases of banana and their control


Hernandez, BB
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1970; 56p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34551

Consistency and color stability of catsup from Saba banana


Lafuenta, E; Gatchalian, MM
University of the Philippines College of Home Economics Journal 1(1): 55-76 (1973)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34552

Comparative studies of different yeast isolates for banana wine making


Latiza, AS
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines; 1968; 10p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34553

Shipping containers for fruits and vegetables


Lauricio, FM
Forpride Digest 1(4): 31-39(1972)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34554

Comparative study of the pectin content of some varieties of banana


Lee, C; Agana, G
BSc thesis; Manila; Philippine Women's University; 1962

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34555

Banana wilt in the Philippines


Lee, HA; Serrano, FB
Philippine Agriculture Review 13(2): 128-130(1920)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34556

The relation to abaca of Manila hemp of the banana wilt fungus Fusarium cubense EFS


Leoncio, JB
The Philippine Agriculturist 19(1): 27-42(1931)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34558

Plant parasitic nematodes associated with banana in South Cotabato


Madamba, CP; Walawala, JJ
Philippine Phytopathology 6: 6(1970)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34559

Preliminary studies on the banana mosaic in the Philippines


Magnaye, LV; Eloja, AL
Philippine Phytopathology 4: 10-11(1968)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34560

Studies on the identity and relationship of the abaca and banana bunchy-top viruses in the Philippines


Magnaye, L
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1979; 112p

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34561

Banana pie


Mangmon, CS
Central Luzon State University Science Journal 14(1): 50(1978)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34563

Banana (Saba and Cardaba) marketing. Oriental Mindoro and Davao del Norte


Manuel, MV; Domingo, BH
Project No.329, SSD-MA; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1979; pp31-79

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34564

Preliminary studies of fungicidal dip for banana and mangoes in storage against fruit decay


Manzanilla, AS, Jr
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1961

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34565

The effect of two levels of acetylene on the respiration rate, color and acceptability of banana


Manzo, PL; De Leon, SY
BSc thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; University of the Philippines College of Home Eonomics; 1968

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34567

An evidence for the similarity of banana and abaca bunchy-tops


Martinez, AL; Castillo, BS
Philippine Phytopathology 1: 35-36(1965)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34568

Nutritive value and sensory quality of banana cracklets


Mejia, AM
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1976; 60p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34569

Introduction and trial cultures of Ambon bananas in the College of Agriculture


Mendiola, NB; Mercado, T
Philippine Agriculturist 29(5): 415-430(1940)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34570

Behavior of some hidden bud variations


Mendiola, NB
Philippine Agriculturist 30(6): 433-464(1941)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34571

A possible case of hidden bud variation and metaxenia in banana suggested by fruit abnormalities and results of pollination experiments


Mendiola, NB
Philippine Journal of Agriculture 13: 169-193(1947)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34573

Refrigeration of bananas


Mendoza, MG; De Leon, SY
BSc thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; University of the Philippines College of Home Economics; 1967

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34574

Asexual inheritance of twin character of banana bunches


Mercado, T; Capinpin, JM
The Philippine Agriculturist 18(8): 465-479(1930)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34576

Note on banana


Monsalud, MR
The Philippine Agriculturist 22: 372-373(1933)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34578

The species of Cercospora associated with banana


Navarro, RM
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1973

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34580

Little finger disease of Saba, its causes and methods of dissemination and control


Nora, DM
Research Highlight; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1980; p17

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34581

Baking quality of banana-wheat flour blends in four types of cakes


Noval, EY; Guzman, MP
BSc thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; University of the Philippines College of Home Economics; 1977

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34582

Two rust hitherto unreported on economic hosts from the Philippine Islands


Ocfemia, GO
The Philippine Agriculturist 23(10): 880-885(1935)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34583

Macrophoma musae(CKE) Berl.and Vogl., and the Phoma musae Carpenter


Ocfemia, GO
The Philippine Agriculturist 15(8): 467-470(1927)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34584

The relation of certain Philippine commercial varieties of bananas to the wilt disease due to Fusarium cubanse EFS


Ocfemia, GO; Palo, MA
The Philippine Agriculturist 15: 243-244(1926)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34586

Pulping of banana stalks with aqueous nitric acid


Orzales, RC
BSc thesis; Caloocan City; Araneta University Foundation; 1959; 25p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34589

In vitro test of thiabendazole against Colletotrichum musae and Cercospora spp. of banana


Palaje, MB
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1972; 12p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34590

The effect of calcium carbide on the degree of ripening of two varieties of banana


Palaruan, A
BSc thesis; Mindanao Institute of Technology; 1964; 13p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34591

Plant parasitic nematodes associated with some agricultural crops of the Philippines


Palo, AV; Calinga, RH
Philippine Phytopathology 1: 17-18(1965)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34592

Chilling injury in tropical fruits I.Banana (Musa paradisiaca var. sapientum cv. Lacatan)


Pantastico, EB; Gierson, BW; Soule, J
Proceedings American Society of Horticultural Science (Tropical Region) 11: 82-91(1967)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34593

Effects of oxygen levels on storage of Bungulan bananas


Pantastico, EB; Mendoza, DB, Jr; Apolinario, VA
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1969; 11p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34595

Marketing and handling recommendations for fruits and vegetables exports


Pantastico, EB; Torres, E
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 6(10): 31-32, 34(1971)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34597

A study on the preparation of Saba banana and squash flours and their tests


Pasia, DP
BSc thesis; Caloocan City; Araneta University Foundation; 1963

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34598

Tissue culture of banana


Patena, LF
College; Laguna; IDRC-PCARRD Banana (Philippines) & Institute of Plant Breeding UPLB; 1983

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34599

Feasibility study of banana agricultural project


Pimentel, HS
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1970; 68p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34600

Vinegar recovery from three varieties of banana


Piscador, LC; Luna, CA
Mindanao Institute of Technology Research Journal 5(1): 7(1965)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34601

The suspect host range of Gloeosporium and Fusarium and the control of banana fruit rot they cause


Pizarro, AC; Baniqued, NC; Alqueza, EN
Philippine Phytopathology 6: 9(1970)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources, Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34603

Alcohol production from banana fruits


Pontiveros, CR
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philipines at Los Banos; 1979

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34605

The effect of banana and its interactions with other growth additives in the in vitro development of Phalaenopsis hybrid protocorms


Price, GR
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1971; 107p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34606

Transmission studies on banana bunchy-top virus in the Philippines


Quebral, FC
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1963; 35p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34607

Variability in Colletotrichum musae (Beck.et Curt.)V.Aux and its significance in chemical control


Quimio, TH
Philippine Phytopathology 12(1-2): 40-50(1976)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34608

Studies of Philippine bananas


Quisumbing, E
Philippine Agriculture Review 12(3): 9-90(1991)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources, Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34609

A brief survey of conditions affecting agriculture in Bicol Region: Bananas


Quisumbing, E; Elayda, I
The Philippine Agriculturist 14: 437-471(1925)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources, Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34611

Host index of diseases of economic plants in the Philippines


Reinking, OA
The Philipine Agriculturist 8(1-2): 38-54(1919)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources, Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34612

The distribution of banana wilt


Reinking, OA
Philippine Journal of Science 53(3): 229-243(1934)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources, Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34613

Canned purees from two varieties of Philippine bananas (Lakatan Blanco Teodoro and Compressa Blanco Teodoro)


Remotique, EA
BSc thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; University of the Philippines; 1961

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34614

Banana black tip disease in the Philippines


Reyes, GM
Philippine Journal of Agriculture 5(2): 117-120(1934)

Availability :
Valmayor, RV; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources, Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34615

The effect of two levels of calcium carbide on the reducing sugar, starch and soluble pectin content of Lakatan


Reyes, ML
BSc thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; College of Home Ecology; University of the Philippines; 1960

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34616

Strains of Pseudomonas solanacearum E.F.Smith infecting abaca and banana in the Philippines


Rillo, AR
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1978; 184p

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34617

Differences of Pseudomonas solanacearum EFS isolates in abaca and banana


Rillo, AR
Philippine Agriculturist 64(4): 329-334(1981)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34618

Effects of gamma radiation on some chemical, physical and organoleptic properties of Latundan bananas


Rillo, BO
BSc thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; College of Human Ecology; University of the Philippines; 1968

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34619

Note on the occurrence of a new disease on cooking banana in the Philippines


Roperos, NI
Coffee and Cacao Journal 8: 135-136(1965)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34620

Notes on the field incidence of banana mosaic in the Philippines


Roperos, NI
Philippine Phytopathology 5: 17(1969)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34624

Ripening of Bungulan and Saba banana treated with acetylene


Salas, RP
BSc thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; University of the Philippines; 1957

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34641

Preliminary investigation on the utilization of banana wastes for single cell production


Uyenco, FO; Cayabyab, VA; Saguida, A
Kalikasan 7(1): (1978)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34650

Factors affecting physiological brown spots on Bungulan banana I. Pre-ripening treatments


Vicencio, PG; Mendoza, DB; Mayuga, DA
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1974

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34743

An investigation of the cause of the 'tapurok' disease of cooking banana in Negros Oriental


Zehr, EI; Davide, RG
Philippine Phytopathology 5: 55-59(1969)

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34817

State of the art for fruits and vegetables food processing research


De Leon, SY
Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; [year ?]; 91p

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34833

Biogas from banana peelings


PCARRD Farmnews 13(4): 9(1987)

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34837

Keeping banana fresher


PCARRD Farmnews 13(8): 5(1987)

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34910

A comparative study on pectin control and quality of fruits for jam and jelly production


Dela Cruz, FM
MSc thesis; Malabon; Metro Manila; Araneta University Foundation; 1963

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34919

The effectiveness of some local fruit and vegetable juices as meat tenderizers under household conditions


Manlulu, LM
Philippine Journal of Nutrition 19(1-2): 159(1966)

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34920

Banana and papaya sauces as substitute for tomato sauce


Manoto, HF; Guzman, MP
BSc thesis; Diliman; Quezon City; College of Home Economics; University of the Philippines; 1959

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34926

Solar drier for tropical fruits and marine products for rural development


Pablo, IS
National Science and Technology Authority Technical Journal 4(1): 26-41(1979)

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34964

A survey of the aroma composition of Philippine fruits


Philippine Agriculturist 55(1-2): 67-82(1971)

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 34984

Preliminary studies on fungicidal dip for bananas and mangoes in storage against fruit decay


Manzanilla, AS, Jr
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1961; 19p

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 35057

Regulation of fruit ripening I.Refrigerated controlled atmosphere storage


Pantastico, EB; Mendoza, DB, Jr; Espino, VC; Bondad, ND; Calava, ER
Philippine Agriculturist 54(3): 120-134(1970)

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 35080

Processing and marketing of canned, dehydrated and frozen fruits


De Leon, SY; Martinez, LD; Salas, BL
State of the art abstract bibliography of mango researches; Crop Bibliography Series No.3; Los Banos; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1984; p46

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 35085

Studies on the manufacture of jams from various Philippine fruits


Gavan, LD; Sulit, JI
BSc thesis; Malabon; Manila; Araneta University Foundation; 1970

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 35133

Production and management of plantation crops in selected farms in Quezon and Davao


Abarro, CA, Jr
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1982; 110p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35139

Some physico-chemical and physiological characteristics of Senorita banana fruits at varying harvest maturities stored and ripened at different conditions


Maghari, AG
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1991; 97p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35189

Physical, physiological and chemical characteristics of Saba banana during growth and maturation


Naing, UT
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1991; xvip; 87p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35222

Harvesting, handling, storage and ripening of Saba [banana]


Espanto, LH
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1984; 79p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35282

Postharvest behavior of banana (Musa sp. cv. Latundan) harvested at different stages of maturity


Montenegro, EH
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1988; 141p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35305

Growth and leaf nutrient contents of Latundan banana with N-fertilizer


Fabregar, ET, Jr
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1979; 34p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35342

Developmental physiology and ripening behavior of Senorita banana (Musa sp. L.) fruits


Munasque, VS
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1987; xip; 60p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35349

Ripening requirements and changes of Saba banana (Musa BBB group) treated with ethylene from Gliricidia leaves (Gliricidia sepium Steud.)


Acedo, AL, Jr
PhD thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1989; xxp; 131p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35383

Production and management of a banana-pineapple-papaya cropping system in Tagaytay City


Magadia, DB
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1984; 46p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35426

Viability testing and storage of banana (Musa sp.) pollen


Samaniego, RA, Jr
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1989; 78p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35465

Production analysis of coffee growing in Barangay Lumil, Silang, Cavite


Donato, ALF
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1985; 92p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35540

Intercropping coconut with cacao in small farm areas


Tan, RC
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1980; 56p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35546

A cytological study of canton and related Musa hybrids


Valmayor, RV
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1955; 17p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35552

Proximate analysis and mineral composition of some Philippine banana cultivars


Blancaflor, EB
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1985; 87p

Availability :
Library; Department of Agronomy; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35607

The production of ethyl alcohol from Cavendish banana rejects


Palasi, MT
MSc thesis; Espana; Manila; University of Santo Tomas; 1980; viip; 149p

Availability :
Library; University of Santo Tomas; Espana; Manila; Philippines




NO. 35874

Growth response of intercropped pineapple on varying levels of nitrogen with equal amounts of phosphorus and potassium


Madaya, YT
BSc thesis; Malabon; Metro Manila; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; 1981; viiip; 25p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 35903

Study on the growth of banana seed pieces at various stages of vegetative development


Suruiz, ME
BSc thesis; Guinobatan; Albay; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; 1983; xp; 22p

Availability :
Library; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; Guinobatan; Albay; Philippines




NO. 35905

Yield evaluation of peanut as catch crop of banana applied with different rates of complete fertilizer (14-14-14)


Nace, BM
BSc thesis; Guinobatan; Albay; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; 1983; ixp; 25p

Availability :
Library; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; Guinobatan; Albay; Philippines




NO. 35909

Evaluation of banana under different rates of urea application


Banua, FG
BSc thesis; Guinobatan; Albay; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; 1983; ixp; 23p

Availability :
Library; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; Guinobatan; Albay; Philippines




NO. 35978

Growth and yield response of ginger applied with the different mulching materials planted under bananas


Milla, SA
BSc thesis; Pili; Camarines Sur State Agricultural College; 1985; 33p

Availability :
Library; Camarines Sur State Agricultural College; Pili; Philippines




NO. 36058

Evaluation of different indigenous leaves in ripening of banana


Mar, MS
BSc thesis; Guinobatan; Albay; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; 1982; ixp; 16p

Availability :
Library; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; Guinobatan; Albay; Philippines




NO. 36061

Evaluation of banana propagated by suckers as affected by different rates of complete fertilizer application


Jesuban, ME
BSc thesis; Guinobatan; Albay; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; 1982; xp; 26p

Availability :
Library; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; Guinobatan; Albay; Philippines




NO. 36062

Response of bananas to different rates of urea fertilizer application


Pamplona, AL
BSc thesis; Guinobatan; Albay; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; 1982; xip; 41p

Availability :
Library; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; Guinobatan; Albay; Philippines




NO. 36064

Pechay and radish as catch crops of banana applied with urea


Mirasol, NP
BSc thesis; Guinobatan; Albay; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; 1983; ixp; 31p

Availability :
Library; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; Guinobatan; Albay; Philippines




NO. 36068

Growth evaluation of banana as an intercrop of coconut under different rates of complete fertilizer application


Roaring, AB
BSc thesis; Guinobatan; Albay; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; 1982; xp; 29p

Availability :
Library; College of Agriculture; Bicol University; Guinobatan; Albay; Philippines




NO. 36212

Some physio-chemical and physiological characteristics of senorita banana fruits at drying harvest maturities stored aand ripened at different conditions


Maghari, AG
BSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna; 1991; 97p

Availability :
Library; Postharvest Horticulture Training and Research Center; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 36217

The use of skin coatings during storage of saba banana (Musa balbisiana Colla)


Paderon, RM
BSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna; 1984; 57p

Availability :
Library; Postharvest Horticulture Training and Research Center; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 36227

Ripening of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) using ethylene from ripe 'cardaba' plantain (Musa balbisiana Colla) at ambient condition


Sjaifullah
PhD thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna; 1983; xixp; 163p

Availability :
Library; Postharvest Horticulture Training and Research Center; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 36275

Development and regulatlion of senescent spotting on 'Bungulan' banana (Musa sapientum L. var. suaveolens Blanco, Teodoro)


Meim, DDL
BSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna; 1980; 50p

Availability :
Library; Postharvest Horticulture Training and Research Center; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 36281

Factors affecting physiological brown-spots on 'Bungulan' banana. I. Pre-ripening treatments


Vicencio, PG
BSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Ba os; College; Laguna; 1974; 24p

Availability :
Library; Postharvest Horticulture Training and Research Center; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 36292

The use of skin coatings during storage of 'Saba' banana (Musa balbisiana Cilla)


Paperon, RM
BSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna; 1984; 57p

Availability :
Library; Postharvest Horticulture Training and Research Center; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 36314

The effect of unrefrigerated storage on the keeping quality of banana variety Latundan


Mata, JJ
BSc thesis; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; 1986; viiip; 34p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 36319

The effects of four non-refrigerated methods of storage on the weight and ripening of Lacatan bananas


Haz, AC
BSc thesis; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; 1986; viiip; 27p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 36323

The effect of different liners on the transport of banana variety in wooden crates


Defuntorum, JO
BSc thesis; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; 1987; viiip; 19p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 36331

The use of rice hull, sand and sawdust on the storage of banana variety 'Lacatan'


Domingo, IV
BSc thesis; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; 1986; ixp; 37p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 36365

The effects of four non-refrigerated methods of storage on the weight and ripening of Latundan bananas


Oriane, ID
BSc thesis; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; 1986; viip; 23p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 36368

The use of ricehull, sand and sawdust on the storage of banana variety 'Latundan'


Tajan, EL
BSc thesis; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; 1986; xp; 37p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 36394

The effect of unrefrigerated storage on the keeping quality of Lacatan


Nalangan, AY
BSc thesis; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; 1986; viiip; 29p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 36397

The use of rice hull, sand and sawdust on the storage of banana variety 'Lakatan'


Dela Torre, R
BSc thesis; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; 1986; ixp; 37p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 36422

Banana homogenate, tomato juice and coconut water as nutrient supplements in the germination and growth of Vanda ovules


Arceo, AP
BSc thesis; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; 1979; viip; 20p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 36434

Bacteriocin production by Pseudomonas solanacearum EF Smith and biocontrol of tobacco bacterial wilt by its avirulent bacteriocin producing strain


Ayo, AL
MSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna; 1989; xixp; 108p

Availability :
Library; Department of Plant Pathology; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 36438

Population dynamics, culture, host range and chemical control of Radopholus similis (Cobb)Thorne on banana


Boncato, AA
MSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna; 1979; xiip; 87p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 36447

Pathogenecity and cultural requirements of the causal organisms of banana (Musa sp.) crown rot and chemical control of the disease in the Philippines


Anotharom, S
MSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna; 1981; xvp; 104p

Availability :
Library; Department of Plant Pathology; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 36457

Cultural and physiological requirements for toxin production of Mycosphaerella musicola Leach causing yellow Sigatoka on bananas


Cueto, CA
MSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna; 1989; xiiip; 73p

Availability :
Library; Department of Plant Pathology; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 36504

A study on moisture loss of mango, papaya and banana preservation using solar dryer


Mann, JC
BSc thesis; School of Agriculture; Silliman University; Dumaguete City; Philippines; 1981; ivp; 14p

Availability :
Library; School of Agriculture; Silliman University; Dumaguete City; Philippines




NO. 36870

Determination of alcohol content produced by different yeast strains using local fruits as media


Pitoy, EL; Mateo, EG
Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI); Malate; Manila; Philippines

Bureau of Plant Industry Annual Research & Development Review; Barcenaga; Naujan; Oriental; Mindoro; Farmer's Training Center; 1992

Availability :
Bureau of Plant Industry; Malate; Manila; Philippines




NO. 37001

The etiology and control of "Bugtok" disease on `Cardaba' banana


Garcia, AS
BPI, Davao City

RETRES Research Abstracts (1984; 22p.) PCARRD Proj. No. 825

Abstract:
The study investigated the incidence of `Bugtok' disease on `Cardaba' banana to develop effective control measures. Positive infections were obtained from flowers and tip of ovary inoculated at female phase. The bacterium that caused the disease was isolated and identified as Pseudomonas solanacearum E.F. Smith. The plant was found to be most susceptible to infection once the flower has opened until three days later. The pathogens entered the fruit through the open wounds at the tip of the ovary. They passed through cavities leading to the ovule where intense discoloration occurred. The pathogens multiplied inside the fruit. The disease spread to the vascular system at the center of the pedicel and extended to the aerial stem.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 37099

Pesticide residue analysis of major fruits


Custudio, H; Magallona, ED
RETRES Research Abstracts; UPLB; 1980; 43p; UPLB-PCARRD Proj. No.253; MISD

Abstract:
This presents studies on crop protection and pesticide use, insecticide efficacy trials and insecticide analysis. Major Philippine fruits such as bananas, citrus, grapes, mango and papaya were involved in these studies.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 37049

Performance evaluation of promising banana cultivars [varietal screening for resistance to bunchy top, Fusarium wilt and leafspot diseases (Sigatoka and Blackcross)].


Pua, AR; Juanillo, CD
RETRES Research Abstracts [Integrated Banana Studies for the Small Farmers; UPLB; IPB; 1987; pp.10-81; IDRC-PCARRD Banana (Philippines) Proj.; Sub-proj.1B); MISD

Abstract:
Corms of 58 banana cultivars were inoculated with viruliferous aphids for bunchy top infection test. For fusarium wilt evaluation, plantlets of 52 cultivars were inoculated with conidial suspension (90, 000 spores/ml) of one-week old Fusarium culture (F1 `Pitogo' isolate). Four other Fusarium isolates were used in subsequent trials. Field screening for resistance to Sigatoka and Blackcross diseases were done in 54 banana cultivars in Jamboree and 25 cultivars in Tranca from April 1985 to September 1986. In general, the reaction of the different cultivars to bunchy top infection under greenhouse and field screening showed that Acuminata cultivars (either AA and AAA genomes) were susceptible. Those belonging to other genomic groupings had varied reactions ranging from highly susceptible to resistant. From the present germplasm, those resistant to bunchy top were `Bungaoisan', `Pundol', `Katali', `Tiparot', `Abuhon' and `Turangkong'. Moderately resistant were `Radja', `Pelipia', `Katsila', `Paa dalaga' and `Cardaba'. No pattern of susceptability/resistance to Fusarium wilt was exhibited by various cultivars depending on their genomic conditions. Only 17 of the various local banana cultivars showed resistant to moderately resistant reactions. Positive infections of all five Fusarium isolates were observed in banana, abaca, and cucumber but none in mungbean, cowpea, tomato and peanut. No pathogenic variation was observed among the five isolates when inoculated to different hosts but differences in aggressiveness within isolates were observed. In screening for Sigatoka and Blackcross diseases, Acuminata cultivars and some cultivars belonging to Acuminata x Balbisiana group (AAB and ABB) were susceptible while Balbisiana cultivars were considerably resistant to Sigatoka. Sigatoka infection was more serious in June onwards, but also occurred as early as February. Blackcross which occurred in February to July was not serious and was rarely found in Acuminata cultivars. It was observed among Balbisiana cultivars.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 37098

Banana and papaya sauces as substitutes for tomato sauce


Manoto, HZ
BSc Thesis; University of the Philippines (UP); 1959; 34p

Abstract:
Sauce made from Musa paradisiaca L. var. Compressa (`Saba') and Carica papaya L. (papaya) pulps was studied to develop a suitable substitute for imported tomato sauce. Mixed with artificial colorings (Neco strawberry - red and egg-yellow colors) and flavorings (citric acid and salt) to approach the imported tomato sauce in color, flavor and consistency, the sauce was then evaluated by a panel of three judges. Preference for the tomato red color of the banana sauce over the bright red papaya sauce was noted. Bottled samples of papaya sauce were also noted for their finer texture and nicer appearance than bottled samples of banana sauce. Flavor evaluation showed that the sweet-sour flavor with slightly salty taste of both the banana and papaya sauce was preferred although they were regarded as poor or lacking in tomato- taste-appeal. Small `Saba' fruits gave better color, flavor and consistency than large ones.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 37100

Crop protection and pesticide use survey


Custudio, H; Magallona, ED
Pesticide Residue Analysis of Major Fruits; UPLB; 1980; ?p; UPLB-PCARRD Proj. No. 253

Abstract:
Selected fruit crop growers from various cropland areas in the country were interviewed to describe their pesticide usage and crop protection practices. The areas chosen and their corresponding crops were: Davao and Kalinga Apayao for banana; Cagayan and Davao for citrus; Cebu for grapes and mango; Guimaras Island for mango; and Davao for papaya. Most fruit farmers were aware of the need to protect their crops against pests and diseases. Grape, citrus and mango growers considered the use of pesticides as the primary means of control. They also considered smudging, pruning and burning as an important mechanical control. In using chemicals, most farmers were guided by label recommendations on dosage frequency of spray, pre-harvest spray interval and insecticide-fungicide spray combinations. Most farmers received technical assistance such as shouldering of inputs and miscellaneous expenses from government extension officers. Others derived help from the representatives of chemical distributors.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 37104

Studies on the enzymatic extraction of fruit juices


Mabesa, L; Arca, RAR; Tan, WT; Velecina, MLM
RETRES Research Abstracts; UPLB; 1985; 3p; NRCP Funded; MISD; PCARRD

Abstract:
Efficiency of pectic enzymes to extract juices from banana and papaya was evaluated. Banana pulp treated with 0.5 to 0.75% (v/w) enzyme at 18 to 24 hours room temperature obtained 60 to 80% juice yield. Addition of 0.1% potassium metabisulfite to the pulp before enzyme treatment retarded browning of juice. Similarly, maximum juice yields were extracted from papaya and unclarified calamansi juice with 0.5 to 0.75% and 1.5 to 2% (v/w) pectic enzyme, respectively. Best blend for papaya and calamansi juice was 95% to 5% with 15.5 deg Brix to 0.6% acidity (sugar: acid) at 1: 1.5 juice to water ratio.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Banos; Laguna




NO. 37327

Banana pie


Mangonen, CS
Central Luzon State University; Munos; Nueva Ecija; Philippines

BSc thesis; Central Luzon State University; 1973; 15p

Abstract:
This study was conducted to find out suitability of Saba, Latundan and Bungulan in the preparation of pie and to compare the color, texture and flavor characteristics of the prepared banana pie with Lacatan. Based on statistical analysis, result showed no significant differences among the treatment mean scores in all the sensory characteristics conducted.

Availability :
Scientific literature services; RET; Central Luzon State University; Munos; Nueva Ecija; Philippines




NO. 37344

Comparative study of the use of four varieties of banana in the preparation of banana cake


Sarmiento, MP
Central Luzon State University; Munos; Nueva Ecija; Philippines

BSc thesis; Central Luzon State University; 1975; 26p

Abstract:
This study was conducted to compare the external, internal and flavor of four varieties of banana such as Lacatan, Gloria, Tarnate and Butuan, and to find out which of the varieties is best suited for the preparation of banana cake. The results of this study showed that the four varieties of bananas have no significant differences as to their internal and flavor characteristics, but have significant difference in their external characteristics.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services, RET, Central Luzon State University; Munos; Nueva Ecija; Philippines




NO. 37445

Minimal growth system for maintenance of bananas and plantains


Damasco, VP; Zamora, AB
Highland Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines

The Philippine Journal of Crop Science 12(1): 44; 1987

Abstract:
A system for maintaining germplasm accessions of bananas and platains involving minimal handling is being developed. A culture medium containing Murashige and Skoogs salts and vitamins (MS), 0.025 g/L, Fe-sequestrene 20 g/L sucrose, 1 g/L benzyl adenine (BA) and 0.1 M mannitol was found to reduce growth of bananas. Seventy-two Philippine cultivars belonging to 4 genomic groups were assessed for their response to slow growth media. The survival rate of sixteen cultivars was generally reduced with time during ten months of continuous culture. Survival ranged from 8.8 to 100 % with the lowest survival observed with the BBB group. Cultures which had survived cultivation on slow growth medium recovered from the mannitol associated stress. These shoots proliferated and formed roots upon transfer to suitable media.

Availability :
Highland Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium Library; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines




NO. 37586

Medicines for the common tao


Balweg, BM
Benguet State University; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines

Mountain State Agricultural College Farm News Bulletin 3(6): ?; 1982

Abstract:
Quisumbing of Los Banos, the Community Health and other entities have researches on other herbal medicine that is free and scientifically proven efficient for the use of the public. Enumerated are some ailments, medicinal plants and dosages: (1) loose bowel movement - avocado or guava leaves, 7-10 leaves for every 2-3 glasses of water, to be drunk 3 times a day; (2) fever - lagundi; (3) cough - lemon, honey (sugar syrup can be a substitute) and 1 tablespoon of gin (preservative) for every cup of the mixture; (4) scabbies - coconut oil with garlic; (5) kidney trouble - corn tassel, "makahiya" and banana leaves. Boil until golden. Drink 3 times a day; (6) rheumatism - pound ginger and place on affected part; (7) hypertension - garlic and ginger. These medicinal herbs thrive in Benguet and other provinces in Northern Luzon.

Availability :
Highland Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium Library; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines




NO. 37591

Response of banana cultivars in in vitro storage under minimal growth condition


Damasco, OP; Landicho, SL; Zamora, AB
Benguet State University; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines

The Philippine Journal of Science 14(1): 27; 1989

Abstract:
Twelve cultivars belonging to Acuminata and Acuminata X Balbisisana group were assessed for their response to minimal growth media containing Murashige and Skoog's mineral nutrients + 0.1 M mannitol + 4.4 uM BAP. Percentage survival after twelve months of continuous cultures ranged from 50-98.3%. AAB group exhibited the highest percentage survival (88.6%) and AAA group the least (69.9%). The use of proliferated shoot as explant allowed a lower sub-culture interval than single shoots. The number of shoots that proliferated during in vitro storage did not vary significantly for the twelve cultivars. However, rooting was more profuse in some cultivars than others.

Availability :
Highland Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium Library; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines




NO. 37684

Extraction of banana juice using commercial pectinase preparation


Mabesa, LB; Lanze, RAA de; Tan, WT
The Philippine Journal of Crop Science; 14(1): 41-44, 1989

Availability :
Highland Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium Library; Benguet State University; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines




NO. 38328

Commercial-scale application of Gliricidia leaves for enhancing ripening in 'saba' bananas (Musa, BBB group).


Acedo, AL Jr; Bautista, OK
The Philippine Agriculturist 74(3): 345-350(1991)

Abstract:
Ripening of 'Saba' bananas was markedly advanced in a large-scale treatment in 210-L drums with gliricidia or 'kakawate' (Gliricidia sepium Steud) leaves at 7% of fruit weight for one day. The fruits ripened uniformly 2 days after treatment while untreated fruits, 3-14 days after treatment. This was l day later than fruits treated for l day with calcium carbide at 250 g per 1, 000 fruits. Untreated fruits lost more weight and appeared pale and shriveled at the ripe stage compared to gliricidia-treated and carbide- treated fruits. Periodic aeration and use of lime (calcium oxide) as CO2 scrubber did not improve the effectiveness of gliricidia in enhancing ripening.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; U.P. Los Banos; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38329

Enhancing ripening of 'saba' banana (Musa, BBB group) fruits with Gliricidia leaves as ethylene source.


Acedo, AL Jr; Bautista, OK
The Philippine Agriculturist 74(3): 351-365(1991)

Abstract:
Saba bananas normally ripen in 5-16 days from harvest. Treatment with Gliricidia leaves at 5% of fruit weight for one day in a polyethylene bag uniformly ripened the fruits 2 days later. This treatment, however, was less effective by one day than CaC2 at 25 g/100 fruits and ethephon at 1, 000 ppm as 5 min dip due to lower C2H4 levels during the first 12 hours of treatment (1 ppm). CaC2 treatment resulted in 10, 000 ppm acethylene after 6 hr of treatment while ethephon increased C2H4 in fruits to about 4 ppm immediately. Ripening of gliricidia-treated fruits was initiated within 24 hr as shown by the marked changes in C2H4CO4 and O2 of the fruits. Ethylene rise was due the activity of the ethylene-forming enzyme (EFE) in the pulp accompanied by increased synthesis of-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) in both peel and pulp. Peel EFE increased when the fruit started to yellow. The pulp was more responsive to exogenous ethylene. Gliricidia-treated fruits had normal physico-chemical and sensory characteristics and had better visual quality than untreated fruits.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; U.P. Los Banos; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38330

Postharvest handling of Saba. In: Banana and Plantain Research and Development


Lizada, MCC; Ausmolo, EE; Brown, EO; Briones, JP; UY, W
Proceedings of the International Seminar Workshop on Banana and Plantain Research and Development; p.124-129

Abstract:
Two studies were presented. The first study was conducted to determine the feasibility of transporting Saba grown in Tupi, South Cotabato to banana chips and sauce processors in Metro Manila. It consisted of shipping of 5 t in an unmodified 10 footer van and 5 t in a similar van lined with a 0.13 mm thick polyethylene (PE) sheet. Fruits were not harvested all at the same time such that 1.52 days transpired between harvest and loading. The second study was carried out to characterize the storage behavior at nonrefrigerated conditions of freshly harvested Saba banana enclosed in a 0.04 mm thick polyethylene bag (PEB) or covered with moist sawdust (1: 1.5 w/w, sawdust: water) in a 30 L plastic basin. It was also to determine whether these techniques can be recommended for home storage at small volumes of this commodity. It was possible to ship Saba in well ventilated vans. An average of 6.5 days transpired from harvest to arrival at the processing plant. Ripe fruits can be sold to sauce manufacturers who do not require hard green fruits. Fiftyfour percent of the total shipment for banana chip plant had ripened in transit while 45% were green but soft. Only 59.6% from the control van was acceptable for chip manufacture. In the second study, fruits stored in PEB attained a maximum color index of 4.4 upon termination. These had deteriorated beyond the limit of marketability with a visual quality rating (VQR) of 1.91. In contrast, fully ripe fruits among the control and those stored in moist sawdust were still highly marketable with VQR rating of 6.5.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Library




NO. 38331

Effects of varying levels of ethrel and calcium carbonate combination on the speed of ripening Lakatan Banana


Oria, DV
MIT Research Journal 7(1): 4350 (1977)

Abstract:
The study investigated the influence of ethrel and calcium carbonate treatments on the onset of ripening in 2/3 full maturegreen Lakatan clone of banana. Calcium carbonate application at 1, 2, and 3% prior to ethrel treatment, modified the pH of peel tissues. Samples sprayed with highest dosage of ethrel (2000 ppm) and calcium carbonate (3%) combination obtained a maximum average increase in pH (4.62). Preclimacteric spray of ethrel influenced significantly the early onset of climacteric and ripening. Fruits treated with varying concentrations of ethrel (1000 to 2000) ripened after three days. Taste quality effect was noted in fruits sprayed with 2000 ppm ethrel plus 1% calcium carbonate treatment.[retrieved abstract]

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Library




NO. 38333

Transport, storage and quality standards in banana and plantain. In: Banana and Plantain Research and Development


Planas, TA
Proceedings of the International Seminar Workshop on Banana and Plantain Research and Development; 1986; pp. 155-159

Abstract:
Modified atmosphere (MA) which uses sealed polyethylene bags, and packing bananas with ethylene absorbent like potassium permanganate are the major breakthroughs in transport and storage researches. Practices in packing and transporting of bananas locally and abroad, caution in handling the fruits to avoid or minimize spoilage, bruises or damages, the quality specifications, research needs and prospects of the industry were discussed.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Library




NO. 38337

Determination of the shelflife extension of bananas (Saba and Latundan variety) by the use of an ethylene absorbent (potassium permanganate in asbestos fibers)


Engracia, RL
BSc. Thesis; Philippine Womens University; 1973; 21 p.

Abstract:
Optimum conditions in packing harvested bananas using polyethylene bags and appropriate chemical treatments were determined to extend the shelflife of Saba and Latundan bananas. Bananas packed in 0.0508 mm polyethylene bags and treated with 2% fungicidal dip (Dowicide A) and packed in polyethylene bags with an ethylene absorbent (potassium permanganate in 50 g of asbestos fibers) were the most effective treatments. A shelflife extension of 14 days for Saba and 6 days for Latundan was obtained.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Womens University; Taft Ave.; Malate; Manila; Philippines




NO. 38338

Effects of ultra violet light on storage of bananas


Garcia, JL
BSc. Thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1976; 23p

Abstract:
Bungulan and Dwarf Cavendish bananas of different maturity were subjected to varying periods of Ultra Violet (UV) light treatments to determine its effect on respiration, soluble solids, firmness and color development. Ripening of Dwarf Cavendish bananas exposed to daily four hour UV light was delayed. Likewise, fruits were significantly firmer than the control. However, UV light treatment at varying levels showed significant differences in total soluble solids. Fully mature Bungulan bananas did not respond well to UV light treatment. However, light full three quarter fruits lasted for 23 days on a daily four hour exposure period compared to 15 days of the control. Respiration rate was higher on all UV light treated fruits right after exposure.

Availability :
Library; U.P. Los Banos; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38339

Semicommercial transport of banana rejects from Davao to Luzon


Mendoza, DB Jr.
Postharvest Physiology, Handling and Storage of Fruits. II. SemiCommercial Trials; UPLB; 1979; pp. 917.

Abstract:
The study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of Perlite potassium permanganate inserts in delaying ripening of bananas, compare the handling performance of various types of crates, determine which type of banana rejects are best suited for transport, and to study the economics of transporting banana rejects. Cement and perlite were mixed at 1: 4 ratio. The block, impregnated with 150 ml potassium permanganate solution, was then wrapped in polyethylene bag perforated on top to avoid direct contact to the fruits. The crates were transported by truck, boat and jeepney. After transport, almost 75% of the ordinary wooden crates were rendered unusable due to breakages. In contrast, the wirebound collapsible wooden crates withstood rough handling. Potassium permanganate treatment retarded ripening and delayed crown rot and antracnose incidence. After removal from the sealed bags, the fruits ripened at four days exposure at ambient and five days at 25 oC. Better quality ripe fruits was attained when the fruits were allowed to ripen at 25 oC. Giant Cavendish bananas, either oversized, undersized or diseased (scab), had no significant difference as to ripening change, extent of decay and mechanical injuries. Cost and return analysis showed negative results. The price of all marketable bananas amounting to P608.62 was less than the overall cost of P1, 075.95.

Availability :
Library; PHTRC; U.P. Los Banos; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38340

Storage of bungulan banana in modified polyethylene tent


Mendoza, DB Jr
Postharvest Physiology, Handling and Storage of Fruits. II. SemiCommercial Trials; College; Laguna; UPLB; 1979; pp.43-45

Abstract:
Newly harvested Bungulan bananas were dehanded, washed, and the crowns were dipped in 500 ppm Allisan. The fruits were placed in Pelican cartons and stored inside polyethylene tent at ambient condition. The fruits were observed until the 12th day of shelf life. Potassium permanganate inserts were used in some treatments. Ethylene concentration was higher in cartons with potassium permanganate inserts (0.011.19) than in those without inserts (0.0040.093). Carbon dioxide accumulation had a similar trend as ethylene. However, the rate of increase of carbon dioxide accumulation was lower in fruits with potassium permanganate inserts than those without. Oxygen levels decreased from the start to the conclusion of the storage. Fruits with potassium permanganate inserts had the lowest average percentage decay at 15.5 compared to the 43.8 and 58.3 values obtained in those without inserts and the control, respectively.

Availability :
Library; PHTRC; U.P. Los Banos; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38371

Influence of temperature and gas composition on the development of senescent spotting in banana (Musa sapientum L. cv. Bungulan)


Valdez, ERT; Mendoza, DB Jr
The Philippine Agriculturist 71(1): 5-12 (1988)

Abstract:
The incidence of spotting in banana cv. Bungulan became severe with increasing stage of ripeness. Senescent spotting also increased in number and intensity with time and temperature, with least spotting at 15 degee Centigrade. The degree of spotting in the controlled atmosphere tests were maintained in the following order: 6% O2 + 3% CO2 < 5% O2 < 21% O2. Holding fruits at 25 degree C for a day prior to modified atmosphere treatment also minimized spotting of bananas induced to ripen with ethephon. Any angular side at the stylar portion of bananas appeared to be the origin of spotting in the peel.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38503

In vitro culture of saba banana [Musa sp. cv. saba (BBB)]


Damasco, OP; Barba, RC
The Philippine Agriculturist 67(3): 351-358 (1984)

Abstract:
Corm sections and tissue-cultured-derived shoots of Saba banana [Musa sp. cv. Saba (BBB)] formed multiple shoots on Murashige and Skoog's medium supplemented with 10 mg/1 benzyl adenine. Sub-culture of shoot tips to fresh medium of the same composition increased the number of shoots produced with each culture cycle. Such proliferated shoots initiated roots in one month when cultured on basal medium. Rooted plantlets were readily transplanted in the soil. The technique has the potential of readily producing 200, 000 plants in 10 months from one sucker for rapid propagation or germplasm exchange.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38504

Plantlet regeneration from unirradiated and irradiated banana shoot tip tissues cultured in vitro


De Guzman, EV; Decena, AC; Ubalde, EM
The Philippine Agriculturist 63(2): 140-146 (1980)

Abstract:
Regeneration of buds was induced from banana shoot tip explants cultured in a highly modified Murashige and Skoog's medium supplemented with coconut water (15%) and 5 ppm benzyladenine. Regeneration was initially sparse but became profuse after further subculturing. Gamma irradiation at low dosage (1.10 Kr) could be stimulatory to bud formation. A highly and continuously proliferating tissue strain was isolated from a subculture originating from an irradiated explant. In vitro plants resemble those propagated normally in vegetative and reproductive growth under field conditions.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38611

Potential of Monascus pigment as coloring agent for banana sauce and tocino


Dizon, EI; Sanchez, PC
The Philippine Agriculturist 67(2): 157-166 (1984)

Abstract:
Pigment was extracted from steamed rice inoculated with Monascus purpureus Went (angkak). The dried pigment was used for coloring banana sauce and tocino (cured meat). Preliminary sensory evaluation revealed that the panelists preferred pigment concentrations of 1.5% and 1.0% for coloring banana sauce and tocino, respectively. Storage stability of the products at ambient (28 to 30 oC) and refrigerated (5 oC) temperatures was evaluated. Microbiological and chemical analyses of samples during storage were monitored; sensory evaluation was done simultaneously with the above analyses. Sensory evaluation showed that banana sauce was still acceptable after 8 weeks storage at ambient temperature and at 5 oC. Tocino, on the other hand, was acceptable after 6 days storage at ambient temperature while samples stored at 5 oC were acceptable even after 28 days.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38635

Extraction of banana juice using commercial pectinase preparation


Mabesa, LB; De Lange, RAA; Tan, WA
The Philippine Journal of Crop Science 14(1): 41-44 (1989)

Abstract:
The conditions for the extraction of juice from banana (cv. Bungulan) using a commercial pectins preparation were evaluated. Maximum juice yield was obtained by treated the banana pulp with 0.5% pectinase for at least 12 hr at room temperature. Potassium metabisulfite added to the pulp prior to enzyme treatment was found to retard browning of the resulting juice. Sensory evaluation of the juice showed that the natural flavor of the fruit was still at acceptable levels.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38672

Note: Growth and yield of micropropagated and sucker-derived banana plants (Musa spp. cvs. Lakatan, Bungulan and Saba).


Zamora, AB; Damasco, OP; Estano, ES; Barba, RC; Patena, LF
The Philippine Agriculturist 72(4): 458-465 (1989)

Abstract:
The growth and yield of micropropagated and sucker-derived banana plants cvs. Lakatan, Bungulan and Saba in the field were assessed. Micropropagated plants derived from shoot cultures grew faster, yielded more sucker earlier and flowered earlier than plants originating from suckers. At maturity, micropropagated plants were similar to the control plants in horticultural characters and yield. Proliferating shoot cultures and rooting shoots in vitro proved satisfactory as a micropropagation technique.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38673

Development of a minimal growth medium for in vitro storage of banana and plantain (Musa spp.) germplasm


Zamora, AB; Damasco, OP; Landicho, S
The Philippine Agriculturist 72(4): 466-472 (1989)

Abstract:
A culture medium containing Murashige and Skoog's base medium, 0.1 M mannitol and 1.0 ppm benzyl adenine for shoot cultures of Musa cv. Morado supported at least growth for shoot and roots, some limited proliferation and good survival. Shoots of cv. Morado recovered from the osmoticum-supplemented medium with reculture to a normal growth medium. Twenty-one cultivars of Musa belonging to five genome groupings survived three continuous 4-month subculture cycles on the minimal growth medium. Survival on the minimal growth medium ranged from 8.8% for cv. Gubao to 100% for cv. Lakatan after 12 months culture. Genome groupings of cultivars affected survival. The AA, AAA and AAB genome groups survived better than the ABB and BBB genome groupings after 12 months culture on the minimal growth medium.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 38896

Identification of foliar fungal diseases of banana (Cavendish var) in Subasta, Davao City


Ramos, SP; Silvestre, JC
Abstract Bibliography of Research in the Dept. of Plant Pathology 1977-78 to 1987-81; vol 1; USM; Kabacan; North Cotabato; 1980; p79

Abstract:
A survey to identify foliar fungal diseases of Cavendish banana was conducted and result showed that four diseases, namely: Sigatoka leaf spot (caused by Cercospora musae Timm.), leaf rust (caused by Uromyces musae P. Hemn.), black leaf streak (caused by Mycosphaerella fijiensis Leach), and leaf blotch (caused by Cordana musae Timm Van Hohn) were identified. Sigatoka leaf spot disease was the most serious and prevalent in the eight-hectare plantation.

Availability :
Department of Plant Pathology; College of Agriculture; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; North Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 39325

Pathogenicity and cultural characteristics of Botryodiplodia spp. causing fruit rots


Lantican, MT; Quimio, TH
Philippine Phytopathological Society; c/o Dept. of Plant Pathology; Institute of Biological Sciences; U.P. Los Banos; College; Laguna

Philippine Phytopathology 12: 66-74(1976)

Abstract:
Pathogenicity studies showed that wounding is necessary for Botryodiplodia infection to occur. Botryodiplodia isolated from banana, grape and papaya caused infection on the three fruits showing that they can cross-infect one another. Several fruits and vegetables were also easily infected by the three isolates. The three Botryodiplodia isolates exhibited slight variability in 10 culture media tested. They grew and sporulated best at 30 oC and pH 6 to 8. Light did not influence the growth of the three isolates although it was necessary for pycnidial formation. The three isolates exhibited the same conidial morphology. Based on the above studies, the Botryodiplodia isolate from grapes is found to be identical with those of banana and papaya isolates and therefore the causal species of Botryodiplodia rot of grapes is identified as B. theobromae.

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 39327

Characteristics of Pseudomonas solanacearum E. F. Smith infecting banana in the Philippines


Rillo, AR; Quimio, AJ
Philippine Phytopathological Society; c/o Dept. of Plant Pathology; Institute of Biological Sciences; U.P. Los Banos; College; Laguna

Philippine Phytopathology 14(1 & 2): 7-8(1978)

Abstract:
Banana isolates of P. solanaceanum from Davao del Norte and Davao City were studied to determine their 1) host range and pathogenecity by artificial and natural inoculations, 2) colony morphology, 3) tyrosinase activity, 4) biovar, 5) hypersensitive reaction on tobacco leaves and 6) susceptibility to bacteriophages. In artificial inoculations, the isolates were virulent to commercial banana cv. Giant Cavendish (AAA), Lakatan (AA), and Latundan (AAB), abaca cv. Tangongon, and Heliconia latispatha Benth.; moderately virulent to virulent to white potato; weakly virulent to virulent to diploid banana cv. Butuhan (BB), eggplant, tomato, tobacco, and castor bean; and avirulent to ginger, peanut, cowpea, and pepper. In natural inoculations, the isolates were virulent to Giant Cavendish and Heliconia but avirulent to Latundan, Butuhan, ginger, white potato, castor bean, peanut, eggplant, tobacco and pepper; some isolates were weakly to moderately virulent to Lacatan, abaca and tomato. Healthy Giant Cavendish seedlings wilted when inoculated with the isolates through the leaf by leaf pruning ; the bacteria also invaded the fruit peduncle when the bract scars or cushions of the banana inflorescence were spray inoculated flowers to the rhizome causing infection and severe wilting of the suckers. None of the isolates caused hypersensitive reaction on tobacco leaves. The isolates exhibited 3 morphotypes on Kelman's medium, the characteristics of biovar 1, and slight tyrosinase activity on a tyrosine containing medium. Four distinct phase isolates from P. solanacearum infecting ginger and tomato failed to lyse the isolates. It was concluded that the Philippine P. solanacearum banana isolates, now designated as Phil strain, belong to race 2. Its pathogenic behavior and colony morphology resemble closely those of the insect-transmitted Peruvian A strain. There are indications based on symptoms of naturally infected plants and results of banana leaf pruning transmission and inflorescence spray inoculation studies that it may be spread mechanically by contaminated pruning tools and possibly by insects. It was further concluded that Moko disease now existing in the commercial banana plantations of Davao del Norte and Davao City is a serious threat to the flourishing banana industry of the Philippines.

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 39328

Comparative effect of different nematicides for the control of nematodes attacking bananas


Roperos, NI; Lozano, ID
Philippine Phytopathological Society; c/o Dept. of Plant Pathology; Institute of Biological Sciences; U.P. Los Banos; College; Laguna

Philippine Phytopathology 15(1): 101 (1979)

Abstract:
The effectiveness of four nematicides namely: Mocap 10G, Furadan 3G, Nemacur 5G and Nemagon 75 E.C. using the concentration recommended by the manufacturers were tested for the control of nematodes attacking Giant Cavendish bananas. Among the nematicides used, Nemagon 75 E.C. (1, 2-dibromo-3 chloropropane) at 40 ml/mat followed by Mocap 10G (O-ehyl S, S-dipropyl phosphorodithicate) at 60 g/mat were found markedly effective against banana nematodes. No phytotoxic effect was noted on the treated plants during the three years of observations. Plants treated with Mocap 10G and Nemagon 75 E.C. had reduced nematode population level particularly the burrowing nematode, Radophulus similis. Their reduction in number gave an apparent increase in bunch weight during the last phase of nematicide application. Furadan 3G and Nemacur 5G applied at 75 g and 80 g/mat, respectively, did not increase bunch weight at the time the experiment was terminated.

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 39329

Black diamond pit of the banana fruit


Teru, DT; Pordesimo, AN
Philippine Phytopathological Society; c/o Dept. of Plant Pathology; Institute of Biological Sciences; U.P. Los Banos; College; Laguna

Philippine Phytopathology 7(1&2): 13 (1971)

Abstract:
Spotting of banana fruits has become a serious problem in Giant Cavendish plantations in Davao Province. Isolations from infected Giant Cavendish fruits were made on V-8 juice agar with 200-300 ppm Streptomycin to determine its primary cause. A species of Cercospora was isolated in all instances. This fungus has a dark slightly raised growth and sporulates on V-8 juice agar. Its conidiophores are cylindrical, septate, brownish with subtruncate tips. The conidia are acicular, hyaline, with subtruncate bases, subacute tips, 4-20 septate, straight to slightly curved, 3-55 x 60-300 . Fruits in a 20-day old bunch or younger of 6 banana cultivars, viz., Dwarf and Giant Cavendish, Lacatan, Bungulan, Latundan, and Saba were introduced by spraying with a conidial suspension of the Cercospora isolate. The first noticeable symptoms appeared within 30-40 days after inoculation. On Giant Cavendish, the lesions first appeared as faint yellowish spots and turned bright yellow and slightly raised as they progressed. Their central portions turned brown and became depressed. Old lesions were subcircular to oval, 3-5 mm diameter, rough textured, dark brown to almost black, often with a splitting center, and seldom surrounded by a hydrotic halo. Large lesions generally assumed a diamond- or spindle-shaped symptom pattern which was common on Dwarf and Giant Cavendish, Lacatan, Bungulan, and Latundan. Saba proved to be resistant.

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 39330

Evaluation of three nematicides as pre-planting treatment for the control of root-knot nematodes on banana


Davide, RG
Philippine Phytopathological Society; c/o Dept. of Plant Pathology; Institute of Biological Sciences; U.P. Los Banos; College; Laguna

Philippine Phytopathology 8(1&2): 2 (1972)

Abstract:
Three nematicides (Temik 10G, Mocap 10G, and Nemagon 20G) were evaluated as pre-planting treatment of banana, var. Lacatan, for the control of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood. In the first trial the nematicides were used as water-dip and soil incorporation at the rate of 1 g/gal and 1 g/8-inch clay pot, respectively. Five small banana suckers were dipped for 15 min in the nematocide suspension and later planted in 8-inch clay pots filled with soil infested with M. incognita by placing 3 g of galled tomato roots per pot. Another 5 suckers were planted directly to the 8-inch clay pots with soil infested similarly with the nematodes. All the treated and control plants were kept in the greenhouse. The results showed that the water-dip treatment gave better nematode control than soil incorporation based on the mean gall index taken 6 months later. In all the nematocide treatments the mean gall index was within the slight to moderate galling range while those of the soil incorporation was within moderate to severe galling. Likewise, the data on the stem growth rate of the plants showed increased growth in the water-dip treatment by 66.14% in Mocap 10G, 60.5% in Nemagon 20G and 54.23% in Temik 10G. However, no growth increase was observed in the soil incorporation treatment, indicating that the rate for soil treatment may too slow. In a second trial the rate was increased from 1 g to 5 g/gal and 5 g/8-inch clay pot for the water-dip and soil incorporation treatments, respectively. Each pot of soil in all treatments was infested with 40 egg masses of M. incognita. The results revealed that the soil treatment gave better nematode control than the water-dip treatment. The data on the stem growth rate of the plants in the soil incorporation treatments had higher percentage of growth rate than those in the water-dip treatment. Another experiment was conducted to determine the effect of time of dipping banana suckers, var. Lacatan, on the control of M. incognita. The rate used for the three nematicides was 5 g/gal. The banana suckers were taken from heavily root-knot nematode infested area. These suckers were dipped in the nematicide suspension at 5, 10, and 15 min and then were planted in 8-inch clay pots filled with decontaminated soil. Five replicate pots were assigned for each time of dipping. The same number of pots were also provided for the controls. The plants were kept and observed under greenhouse conditions. Five months after treatment the data on the stem growth of the plants were taken and the roots indexed for root-knot-nematode infection. Trace to slight galling were obtained in plants dipped for 5 min in the nematocide suspension; similar results were obtained in 10 and 15 min dipping. However, based on the stem growth rate of the plants there were indications that dipping 10 or 15 min in the nematocide suspension inhibited the early growth of the plants. Thus, in some treatments the plants dipped in 10 or 15 min were relatively shorter than those dipped in 5 min but this difference was not statistically significant.

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 39792

Insect pest management in banana


Darwin, NM
In: Banana and Plantain Research and Development: Proceedings of the International Seminar-Workshop on Banana and Plantain Research and Development; pp.100-105; 1985

Abstract:
Several strategies are considered in designing a pest management system, namely: assessment of insect pests, cultural control, insecticide application, mechanical and physical control and biological control. Insect assessment involves determining the level of insect population and extent of plant damage. Assessment of insect pests provides actual economic value of damage caused by insects, provides information needed in annual budgeting of labor and materials for control measures, and identifies areas of serious infestion. It limits control measures only to the identified areas, thus lessens cost of insect control. Among the cultural practices that can directly or indirectly control insect pests are seed selection, paring and treatment, and sanitation (weed control, removal of old leaf sheaths, destroying infested plant materials, and use of polyethylene bag on fruit bunches). Evaluation of insecticides, rates, formulation and application methods which are effective, economical and ecologically safe should be undertaken. When prices of some chemicals are prohibitive, mechanical and physical control may be possible. For example, trapping method collects adult corm weevils which are eventually killed. Biological control is also important. Existing biotic agents such as the giant toad (Bufo marinus L) which predates on adult corm weevil, scarring weevil and other crawling insects, can be observed or manipulated to regulate pest population. Trap plants like Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth) S. Moore and Gliricidia sepium Walp attract adult weevils.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Library




NO. 39793

Production of monoclonal antibodies for diagnosis of banana bunchy top virus


Espino, TM; Exconde, SB; Zipagan, FB; Maroon, MCM; Espino, RR
The Philippine Agriculturist 72(4): 473-485; 1989

Abstract:
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) was isolated and purified using the procedures of Wu and Su (1986) and Iskra (personal communication). Electron microscopic examination of the purified BBTV preparation obtained from a single band (formed after sucrose density gradient centrifugation using Wu and Su's procedure) revealed the presence of virus inclusion bodies containing isometric particles. The absorbance ratio of the purified extract of BBTV inclusion bodies with isometric particles was 1.15 at 260/280 nm. With Iskra's procedure, two bands were obtained after sucrose density gradient centrifugation. Five monoclonal antibodies (MCAs) were produced from two out of six parent cell lines obtained after cell fusion experiment using spleen cells from mice immunized with BBTV inclusion bodies and myeloma cells. Three cell fusion experiments using spleen cells from mice immunized with BBTV solution from Iskra's procedure and myeloma cells were done. Three, six and one parent cell lines were obtained from the first, second and third cell fusion experiments, respectively. A total of 10 MCAs only from two out of 10 parent cell lines were produced. Cell fusion no. 1 using BBTV solution from Iskra's method and antigen source did not produce and MCA. Mass production of purified antibodies using MCAs BBTV 13-23-1, BBTV 13-23-3, BBTV 2-2-33 and BBTV2-13-23 was in vivo using BALB/c mice. Individual ascitic fluid collected from mice injected with each MCA was purified by affinity chromatography on protein A-Sepharose 6 MB and gelchromatography on Biogel A-0.5M or 5M. In all cases, fractions 1 and 2 from Biogel A-0.5M or 5 gel chromatography and 1gGa from proteinA- Sepharose 6MB affinity chromatography were found to be highly specific against BBTV and had high antibody activities as shown by high absorbance reading at 410 nm compared with fetal calf serum (FCS) coated plate despite their low protein content.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; U.P. Los Banos; College, Laguna




NO. 39794

Bionomics of three Philicoptus banana pests (Coleoptera curculionidae) and notes on other weevils in Mindanao, Philippines


Stephens, CS
The Philippine Agriculturist 67(2): 243-253; 1984

Abstract:
Conflicting data on the taxonomy, distribution and bionomics of weevils in and near banana plantations in Mindanao were reviewed. Several weevils were suspected to be banana peel-scarring pests but only three species were found to feed on banana fingers in the field. Philicoptus iliganus (Heller) is the most severe pest and is found in the south banana zone west of Davao City. Another Philicoptus which could not be identified as to species is present in the north banana zone to the north and the east of Lasang River. This weevil is only an occasional pest of bananas. P. demissus (Heller) is a pest of bananas near General Santos. Other species of Philicoptus were collected but these are not known pests. Weevil species of Metapocyrtus were collected from coffee, cacao, citrus, avocado and other economic plants but none were implicated as banana pests. Field studies with soil traps showed that adults of P. iliganus emerged from bare soil in banana plantings. This suggest that larvae develop on banana roots since there were no other host plants to feed on. Notes on the bionomics of P. iliganus and Philicoptus sp. were recorded.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding; U.P. Los Banos; College, Laguna




NO. 39795

Biology and distribution of Palembus desmestoides (Fairmaire) (Tenebrionidae: Coleoptera) and its susceptiblity to insecticides


Yumol, RD
MS Thesis, UPLB, College, Laguna, 77 p; 1989

Abstract:
The biology of Palembus dermestoides (Fairemaire), locally known as "Korean Bug" was studied under laboratory conditions. The total life cycle of banana chips ranges from 53 to 94 days. The egg hatches in 3 to 4 days at 29oC room temperature. The beetle passes through ten larval instars with a total developmental period of 43 to 74 days. Pupal and preoviposition periods ranges from 4 to 11 and 5 to 9 days respectively. Oviposition periods ranges from 87 - 120 days. Sex ratio of female to male 2.2: 1.8. The development from egg to adult stages, oviposition period, fecundity and longevity of P. dermestoides were significantly affected by the different food media. Development is shortest on wheat flour and longest on cassava flour with a mean of 33.43 and 68.68 days, respectively. The survey conducted on P. dermestoides showed highest incidence in Jolo, Sulu, Basilan Island, and Zamboanga. The beetle was also noted in Los Banos, Calauan, and San Pablo in Laguna. No P. dermestoides was observed in Dumaguete City, Santa Catalina, Negros Oriental and Puerto Princesa, Palawan. Collections, however were taken from private cultures. The contact toxicities of chlorpyrifos, carbaryl and fenvalerate were determined on P. dermestoides and compared with that of malathion. Based on the LD50 (ug/g insect) after 24 hours treatment, all the test insecticides were more toxic than malathion. The LD99 was calculated and determined to serve as a basis for monitoring insect resistance to insecticides. Although, malathion is observed to be more toxic than fenvalerate after 24 hours, the reverse is true 48 hours and 72 hours after treatment.

Availability :
Library; U.P. Los Banos; College, Laguna




NO. 40061

Know your bananas


Bourke, RM
Lowlands Agricultural Research Station; Kerevat; Papua New Guinea

Harvest 3(2): 48-54(1976)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40062

Methods for commercial banana growing


Heenan, DP
Department of Primary Industry; Northern province; Lejo; Papua New Guinea

Harvest 3(2): 42-47(1976)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40099

Preliminary observations on the growth and production of bananas in the northern district of Papua New Guinea


Heenan, DP
Department of Agriculture, Stock and Fisheries; Northern district; Lejo; Papua New Guinea

Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 24(4): 145-155(1973)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40100

Bunch covers for bananas in the northern district


Heenan, DP
Department of Agriculture, Stock and Fisheries; Northern district; Lejo; Papua New Guinea

Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 24(4): 156-161(1973)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40128

Some cultural practices observed in the Simbai administrative area, Madang province


Burnett, RM
Department of Agriculture, Stock and Fisheries; Aiome; Milne Bay Province; Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea Agricultural Journal 16(2-3): 79-84(1963)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40146

Observations on the banana scab moth in the territory of Papua New Guinea


Paine, RW
Department of Agriculture; Fiji

Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 14(1): 45-47(1961)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40161

Patrol of upper Chimbu cencus division, Eastern highlands


Montgomery, DE
Department of Agriculture, Stock and Fisheries; Bainyik; East Sepik Province; Papua New Guinea

PNG Agricultural Journal 13(1): 1-9(1960)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40184

Institutional food production and consumption in Eastern highlands and the Enga provinces


Calcinai, BL; Bourke, RM
Highlands Agricultural Experiment Station; Aiyura; Papua New Guinea

Proceedings of the Second Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference, Goroka 14-18th July 1980; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1982; Part 1; p184-190

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40189

Preliminary results of a survey of taro (Colocasia esculenta) cultivation on the Gazelle peninsula of New Britain


Rangai, SS
Lowlands Agricultural Experiment Station; Kerevat; Papua New Guinea

Proceedings of the Second Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference, Goroka 14-18th July 1980; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1982; Part 1; p123-133

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40200

Food cropping systems in the Tari Basin


Wood, AW
Geography Department; University of Papua New Guinea; Port Moresby

Proceedings of the Second Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference, Goroka 14-18th July 1980; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1982; Part 2; p256-267

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40202

Yam gardens and fallows in the Torricelli foothills, Drekikir District, East Sepik


Allen, BJ
Office of Environment and Conservation; Waigani; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Proceedings of the Second Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference, Goroka 14-18th July 1980; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1982; Part 2; p236-255

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40203

The coffee farming systems and the small holders crop surveys


Hayfield, S
Department of Primary Industry; Konedobu; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Proceedings of the Second Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference, Goroka 14-18th July 1980; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1982; Part 2; p289-293

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40204

Crop introduction and their consequences in the upper Kaironk valley, Simbai area, Madang province


Bulmer, R
Department of Anthropology; University of Auckland; New Zealand

Proceedings of the Second Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference, Goroka, 14-18th July 1980; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1982; Part 2; p282-288

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40209

Research work on food crops at the University of Papua New Guinea


Kesevan, V
Department of Agriculture; University of Papua New Guinea; Port Moresby

Proceedings of the Second Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference, Goroka, 14-18th July 1980; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1982; Part 3; p551-552

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40211

Subsistence agriculture and Papua New Guinea economy


Shaw, B
National Centre for Development Studies; Australia National University; city?

Agriculture in the Papua New Guinea economy; Institute of National Affairs Inc. Discussion Paper No.20; 1985; p13-26

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40217

Food crops farming systems used on the Gazelle peninsula of East New Britain


Bourke, RM
Lowlands Agricultural Experiment Station; Kerevat; Papua New Guinea

Proceedings of the 1975 Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1976; p81-100

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40218

The role of plant breeding in the improvement of food crops in Papua New Guinea


Khan, TN
Faculty of Agriculture; University of Papua New Guinea; Port Moresby

Proceedings of the 1975 Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1976; p117-125

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40225

Some thoughts on fruit


Wilson, KC
Faculty of Agriculture; University of Papua New Guinea; Port Moresby

Proceedings of the 1975 Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1976; p237-239

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40229

Training for food crop production


French, BR
Vudal Agricultural College; East New Britain Province; Papua New Guinea

Proceedings of the 1975 Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1976; p275-286

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40232

The crops grown for food


Powell, JM; Kulunga, A; Moge, R; Pono, C; Zimike, F; Golson, J
Department of Geography; University of Papua New Guinea; Port Moresby

Agricultural traditions of the Mount Hagen area; University of Papua New Guinea Occasional Paper No.12; 1975; p15-32

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40234

Agricultural implements


Powell, JM; Kulunga, A; Moge, R; Pono, C; Ziminke, F; Golson, J
Department of Geography; University of Papua New Guinea; Port Moresby

Agricultural traditions of the Mount Hagen area; University of Papua New Guinea Occasional Paper No.12; 1975; p13-14

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40239

Boana


Shand, RT; Straatmans, W
New Guinea Research Unit; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Transition from subsistence: cash crop development in Papua New Guinea; New Guinea Research Bulletin No.54; 1974; p8-34

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40266

Changing food supply systems in the Eastern inland Manus


Rooney, WJ
Department of History; University of Papua New Guinea; Port Moresby

Proceedings of the Second Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference, Goroka, 14-18th July 1980; Part 2; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1975; p273-278

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40276

Crops; staples


Twohig, A(ed)
Appropriate Technology Development Institute; Lae; Papua New Guinea

Liklik buk: a sourcebook for development workers in Papua New Guinea; Lae; Liklik Buk Information Centre; PNG University of Technology; 1986; p50-66

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40286

Subsistence agriculture in Milne Bay subdistrict


Cheung, P
Department of Primary Industry; Milne Bay province; Papua New Guinea

Six studies in subsistence agriculture; Department of Primary Industry Extension Bulletin No.11; 1980; p9-14

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40288

Notes on traditional cultivation and subsistence crops


Godyu, DL; Godyu, ME
Department of Primary Industry; Eastern Highlands province; Papua New Guinea

Six studies in subsistence agriculture; Department of Primary Industry Extension Bulletin No.11; 1980; p25-30

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40302

Agricultural systems in Papua New Guinea: Adapting to humid tropics


Vasey, D
Department of Primary Industry; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

A history of agriculture in Papua New Guinea: a time to plant and a time to uproot; City?; Institute of Papua New Guinea Studies; year?; pp?

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40312

Community based food processing industries for Papua New Guinea; The situm banana chip enterprise


New, KR
The Appropriate Technology Development Institute; University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea

Lae; The Papua New Guinea University of Technology; 1984; xip; 36p

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40325

A survey of central province yam (Dioscorea sp) gardens


King, GA
Laloki Plant Introduction and Horticultural Research Station; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Department of Primary Industry Technical Report 86/7: 1-7(1986)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40350

Production of bananas by the Amele in Madang province and the Vanapa river and Kabadi areas of Central province, Papua New Guinea


King, GA; Banag, J; Kambuou, RN; Ovia, K; Ovia, A; Heywood, PF; Hide, RL
Department of Agriculture and Livestock; Bubia Agricultural Research Centre; Lae; Papua New Guinea

Department of Agriculture and Livestock Research Bulletin No.44; 1989; 92p

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40361

Social setting: The Eastern highlands


Moulik, TK
New Guinea Research Unit; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

New Guinea Research Bulletin No.53; 1973; p50-65

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40363

Social setting: Milne Bay


Moulik, TK
New Guinea Research Unit; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

New Guinea Research Bulletin No.53; 1973; p20-34

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40365

Siwai: The environment stage


Connell, J
Development Studies Centre; Australian National University; Canberra

Taim bilong mani: The evolution of agriculture in a Solomon Islands society; Canberra; Australian National University; Development Studies Centre; 1978; Monograph No.12; p1-22

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40377

Nutritional status of a sago-eating community in the Purari delta, Gulf province


Ulijaszek, SJ
Nutritionist; Gulf Provincial Government; Gulf province; Papua New Guinea

IASER Discussion Paper No.44; 1982; p77-97

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40390

Papua New Guinea food problems: time for action


Bourke, RM; Carrad, B; Heywood, P
Department of Primary Industry; Kainantu; Eastern Highlands province; Papua New Guinea

Department of Primary Industry Research Bulletin No.29; 1981; 42p

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40437

Plant genetic resources of Papua New Guinea


Charles, AE; Kesavan, V
Department of Primary Industry; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Proceedings of South East Asian Workshop on Plant Genetic Resources, Los Banos, Phillipines, 1977; p37-46

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40476

Food crop cultivation


Calcinai, BL
Highlands Agricultural Experiment Station; Aiyura; Papua New Guinea

Agriculture - Grades 7 & 10 teachers resource book; Port Moresby; Department of Education; Papua New Guinea; 1982; 81p

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40482

Possible sources of resistance to black sigatoka in the Papua New Guinea Biological Foundation banana collection


Pearson, MN; Bull, PB; Shepherd, K
Biology Department; University of Papua New Guinea; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Tropical Pest Management 29(4): 303-308(1983)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40491

How farmers can reduce the effects of drought on food production in the lowlands


Bourke, RM
Lowlands Agricultural Experiment Station; Kerevat; Papua New Guinea

LAES Information Bulletin No.21: 1-4(1979)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40492

Grow food crops under your coconuts


Gallasch, H
Lowlands Agricultural Experiment Station; Kerevat; Papua New Guinea

Lowlands Agricultural Experiment Station Information Bulletin No.12: 1-5(1977)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40508

Growing food crops under coconut


Gallasch, H
Lowlands Agricultural Research Station; Kerevat; East New Britain; Papua New Guinea

Harvest 6(2): 72-75(1980)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40517

Implications of further cash cropping on the settlement blocks of the Hoskins oil palm scheme


Benjamin, C
Department of Primary Industry; Rabaul; East New Britain Province; Papua New Guinea

Agriculture in the tropics; Tenth Waigani Seminar, Lae, PNG University of Technology, May 2-8, 1976; Port Moresby; University of Papua New Guinea; 1977; p46-53

Availability :
Library; Matheson; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40534

Intensification of subsistence agriculture on the Nembi plateau, Papua New Guinea 1. General introduction and inorganic fertilizer trials


D'Sonza, E; Bourke, RM
Highlands Agricultural Experiment Station; Department of Primary Industry; Aiyura; Kainantu; Eastern Highlands Province; Papua New Guinea

PNG Agricultural Journal 34(1-4): 19-28(1986)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40543

Post harvest handling 2. Getting your produce safely to market


Atkinson, G; Brum Sr., M
Department of Primary Industry; Konedobu; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Harvest 11(3): 99-104(1985)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40579

Review of research on bananas, cassava and yam in Papua New Guinea


King, GA
Laloki Plant Introduction and Horticultural Research Station; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Technical Report 86/6; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1986; 17p

Availability :
Library; Papua New Guinea University of Technology; Lae




NO. 40587

The sweet potato in subsistance agriculture


Kimber, JA
Highlands Agricultural Experiment SStation; Aiyura; Eastern Highlands Province; Papua New Guinea

PNG Agricultural Journal 23(3-4): 80-101(1972)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40641

Big tree, little future - constraints in logging in upper conifer belt in Papua New Guinea University


Forestry Department; Papua New Guinea University of Technology; Lae; Morobe

Oral History 4(1): 41-45 (1976)

Availability :
Library; Papua New Guinea University of Technology; Lae; Morobe




NO. 40653

A Simple how to make local chips manual


Paskua, M
Appropriate Technology Development Institute (ATDI); Papua New Guinea University of Technology; Lae; Morobe

ATDI Series; Appropriate Technology Development Institute; University of Technology; 1989; 31p

Availability :
Library; Papua New Guinea University of Technology; Lae; Morobe




NO. 40708

Sago for food in a changing economy


Moranta, L
Institute for Applied Social and Economic Research; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Sago Research In Papua New Guinea; IASER Discussion Paper No.44; Boroko; Institute of Applied Social and Economic Research; 1982; pp39-75

Availability :
Library; Papua New Guinea University of Technology; Lae; Morobe




NO. 40710

Sweet Potato in Papua New Guinea


Bourke, RM
Highlands Agricultural Experiment Station; Aiyura; Kainantu; Eastern Highlands Province; Papua New Guinea

Kainantu; Highlands Agricultural Experiment Station; 1982; 57p

Availability :
Library; Papua New Guinea University of Technology; Lae; Morobe




NO. 60058

Dehydration of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) pulps in the preparation of mashed banana
Dehidrasi pulp pisang (Musa paradisiaca L.) pada pembuatan ledre

Asgar, A
Lembang Research Institute for Horticulture; Bandung; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research Bulletin] 17(2): 6-13(1988)

Availability :
Library; Pasarminggu Research Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 60116

Study on the functional properties of banana flour and its mixing flour
Kajian sifat fungsional tepung pisang dan tepung campurannya

Rawung, O
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Postgraduate Education; Gadjah Mada University; 1988; 73p

Availability :
Faculty of Postgraduate Education; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 60175

Maturity delay of 'kepok' (Musa paradisiaca L.) banana by coating with a mixture of paraffin and Benlate 50 fungicide
Penghambatan pematangan pada buah pisang kepok (Musa paradisiaca L.) dengan pelapisan campuran lilin dan fungisida Benlate 50

Suharti
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; UGM; 1984; 46p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 60178

Study on the characteristics of banana 'sale' (dried fruits) during storage packed in the vacuum polypropylene bags
Studi sifat-sifat sale pisang selama penyimpanan yang dikemas dalam kantong polipropilena vakuum

Sukriyanto
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; UGM; 1990; 116p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 60202

Effect of hydrolise method in the preparation of glucose syrup of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) flour
Pengaruh cara hidrolisa pada pembuatan sirop glukosa dari tepung pisang (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Rukmini, A
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; UGM; 1988; 52p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 60218

Evaluation of maturity stage of post-harvest 'white ambon banana' (Musa paradisiaca L.) fruits during storage in ambient temperature
Menilai tingkat kemasakan buah pisang ambon putih (Musa paradisiaca L.) lepas panen selama dalam penyimpanan suhu kamar

Suhartoto
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; UGM; 1983; 55p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 60223

Study on the utilization of several containers in cooing of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) cv. Raja fruits by adding calcium carbide
Studi penggunaan beberapa macam wadah dalam pemeraman buah pisang raja (Musa paradisiaca L.) dengan penambahan kalsium karbida

Suwondo
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; UGM; 1986; 46p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 60352

The neglected banana flour
Tepung pisang yang dilalaikan

Kompas, LS
Tarik (13): 35-37(1981)

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 60562

Delaying the ripening of banana fruits by using KMnO4 and K2Cr2O7
Penghambatan pemasakan buah pisang dengan KMnO4 dan K2Cr2O7

Sarwitri, R
Thesis; Magelang; Faculty of Agriculture; Tidar University; 1991; 22p

Availability :
Tidar University; Magelang; Indonesia




NO. 60578

Alcohol fermentation by mold strains in peal wastes of banana (Musa paradisiaca L. cv. Kepok forma typica)
Fermentasi alkohol oleh strain khamir pada limbah kulit pisang kepok (Musa paradisiaca L. cv. kepok forma typica)

Sulistyanto, P
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Biology; Gadjah Mada University; 1991; 100p

Availability :
Faculty of Biology; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 60713

Banana
Pisang

Sumartono
Jakarta, Penerbit PT Bumi Restu; 1977; 39p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60769

Banana (Musaceae)
Pisang (Musaceae)

Balai Informasi Pertanian, Tegineneng, Lampung [Lampung Agricultural Information Service]; ? year; 20p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60822

Post-harvest diseases prevention of banana by Bonomyl fungicide
Pencegahan penyakit pasca panen pada pisang dengan fungisida Bonomyl

Sabari, SD; Poernomo
Pasarminggu Research Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (12): 359-360(1981)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60827

Developing fruit crops
Pengembangan buah-buahan

Lamsayun, S
Pasarminggu Research Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (13): 401-402(1981)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60844

Post-harvest diseases of banana
Penyakit pasca panen pada pisang

Sabari, SD; Poernomo
Pasarminggu Research Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (11): 303-307(1980)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60853

Economic review of banana cultivation in the high and lowlands
Tinjauan ekonomi terhadap pengusahaan pisang di dataran tinggi dan dataran rendah

Sumarto; Daryono
Pasarminggu Research Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (10): 276-278(1980)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60873

Observing banana pests and their natural enemies in several banana producing areas in West Sumatra
Observasi hama pisang dan musuh alamiah di beberapa daerah penghasil pisang di Sumatra Barat

Sumargono, A; Susiloadi, A; Mukminin, K
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; West Sumatra; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (25): 8-12(1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60877

Fruit characteristics of banana cv. 'Ambon Putih' picked at different maturity stages
Karakteristik buah pisang Ambon Putih pada beberapa umur petik

Waspodo, M; Pekerti, H
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; West Sumatra; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (25): 24-26(1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60891

Dwarf disease threatening banana plantation in West Java
Penyakit kerdil ancam tanaman pisang di Jawa Barat

Hutagalung, L
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; West Sumatra; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (16): 515-522(1985)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60894

Physical characteristic changes of banana fruits during storage
Perubahan sifat fisik buah pisang selama dalam penyimpanan

Harahap, R
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; West Sumatra; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (16): 535-541(1985)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60904

Observations on banana pests and their natural enemies in different banana producing areas in West Sumatra
Observasi hama pisang dan musuh alaminya di beberapa daerah penghasil pisang di Sumatra Barat

Sumargono, A; Sisilohadi, A; Mukminin, K
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; West Sumatra; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (28): 27-31(1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60909

The production areas and distribution of banana (Musa paradisiaca)
Daerah hasil dan penyebaran tanaman pisang (Musa paradisiaca)

Widjono, K
Pasarminggu Research Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] (2): 42-44(1976)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60937

Cultivation of banana
Budidaya tanaman pisang

Sunarjono, H
Central Research and Development Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Produksi pisang di Indonesia [Banana production in Indonesia]; 1989; p9-20

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60938

The control of pests and diseases
Pengendalian terhadap hama dan penyakit

Sunarjono, H
Central Research and Development Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Produksi pisang di Indonesia [Banana production in Indonesia]; 1989; p21-28

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60939

Post-harvest diseases and physiological disorders
Penyakit pasca panen dan kelainan fisiologis

Siswoputranto, LD
Central Research and Development Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Produksi pisang di Indonesia [Banana production in Indonesia]; 1989; p29-42

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60940

Post-haverst physiology
Fisiologi pasca panen

Sabari; Syaifullah; Dasuki, IM
Central Research and Development Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Produksi pisang di Indonesia [Banana production in Indonesia]; 1989; p43-51

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60941

Packaging and the transportation of fresh banana fruits
Pengepakan dan pengangkutan buah pisang segar

Siswoputranto, LD
Central Research and Development Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Produksi pisang di Indonesia [Banana production in Indonesia]; 1989; p52-62

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60942

Packaging for export
Pengepakan untuk ekspor

Siswoputranto, LD
Central Research and Development Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Produksi pisang di Indonesia [Banana production in Indonesia]; 1989; p63-70

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60943

Diversicifation of banana fruit processing
Diversifikasi olahan buah pisang

Dasuki, IM
Central Research and Development Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Produksi pisang di Indonesia [Banana production in Indonesia]; 1989; p71-80

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60944

The potential of banana fruit as an industrial commodity in Indonesia
Potensi buah pisang sebagai komoditi industri di Indonesia

Sjaifullah
Central Research and Development Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Produksi pisang di Indonesia [Banana production in Indonesia]; 1989; p81-84

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 60945

Description of banana cultivars
Deskripsi beberapa kultivar pisang

Kusumo, S; Widjajanto, DD
Central Research and Development Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Produksi pisang di Indonesia [Banana production in Indonesia]; 1989; p85-106

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 61101

Partitioning of L-glutamic acid of the peels of 4 banana cultivars
Penjekatan L-asam glutamat dari 4 jenis kulit pisang

Sumpena, K
Thesis S1; Bandung; Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; 1968; 21 p

Availability :
Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 61226

Planting of banana
Bertanam pisang

Buletin Informamsi Pertanian Timor Timur [East Timor Agricultural Information Bulletin] (9): (1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61237

Propagation of banana through section of corms
Memperbanyak tanaman pisang dengan belahan bonggol

Buletin Informamsi Pertanian Timor Timur [East Timor Agricultural Information Bulletin] (24): (1990)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61267

Guide to the control of bacterial disease, Pseudomonas solanacearum on banana
Petunjuk pengendalian penyakit bakteri Pseudomonas solanacearum pada tanaman pisang

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Sumatera Utara [North Sumatra Agricultural Information Bulletin] (7): (1990-1991)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61314

Post-harvest handling of banana fruits
Pasca panen buah pisang

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Jambi [Jambi Agricultural Information Bulletin] (77): (1990)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61790

Banana flour: its characteristics and how to make a recipe
Tepung pisang: ciri dan cara jenis pembuatan resep

Hardiman
Gadjah Mada University Press; 1982; 38p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61791

Banana processing technology
Teknologi pengolahan pisang

Munadjun
Gramedia Co. Press; 1981; 72p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61792

Banana and the steps toward human welfare
Pisang dan langkah menuju kemakmuran

Dadjawak, D.; Radjagoekgoek, F.M.T.; Hage, E.; Widjaja, S.; Supriady, D.
Hobie Karya Press; Jakarta; I; 1981; 243p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61795

Planting of banana
Bertanam pisang

Rismunandar
Sinar Baru Co. Press; Bandung; 1981; 72p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62015

Anatomical structures of the fruit peels of various banana cultivars which their fleshes are eaten
Struktur anatomi kulit buah beberapa kultivar pisang yang dimakan daging buahnya

Wiyono
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Biology; Gadjah Mada University; Indonesia; 1983; 57p

Availability :
Faculty of Biology; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62071

Effect of 'kluthuk ' banana (Musa brachycarpa Back.) fruit extract on stomach ulcus of rats, due to its salicilate
Pengaruh ekstrak pisang kluthuk (Musa brachycarpa Back.) terhadap ulkus lambung tikus karena salisilat

Tjandrasari, S.
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Indonesia; 1991; 106p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62177

Study on preparing of banana 'getuk ' traditionally
Studi tentang pembuatan getuk pisang secara tradisionil

Utomo, P.
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; 1988; 28p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62294

Prevention of post harvest diseases on banana through benomyl fungicide
Pencegahan penyakit pasca panen pada pisang dengan fungisida benomyl

Sobari, S.D.; Poernomo
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH); Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] Pasarminggu (12): 359-360(1981)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62398

Cultivation of banana (Musa paradisiaca) plants
Pemeliharaan tanaman pisang (Musa paradisiaca)

Agricultural Information Leaflet/Agricultural Information Institute (LIPTAN.BIP) Sumatra Utara (7); 1988-1989

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62400

Suggestion for fertilization on citrus and banana plants
Anjuran pemupukan tanaman jeruk dan pisang

Agricultural Information Leaflet/Agricultural Information Institute (LIPTAN.BIP) Jawa Timur (13); 1988

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62437

Planting of banana
Bercocok tanam pisang

Agricultural Information Leaflet/Riau Agricultural Information Service (LIPTAN.BIP) Riau (6/L); 1987

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62493

In vitro studies on anti bacterial capacity of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) pectine on Salmonella typhi and Salmonella enteritidis
Daya anti bakteri pektin buah pisang (Musa paradisiaca L.) terhadap Salmonella typhi dan Salmonella enteritidis secara in vitro

Mulyani, S.
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Laporan Penelitian Fakultas Farmasi UGM [Research Report of the Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University] Yogyakarta; 1984; 19 p

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 62512

Utilization of banana cv. Kepok as an effort to support diversification programme of non rice food stuff
Pemanfaatan pisang kepok sebagai salah satu usaha untuk mendukung program diversifikasi bahan pangan non beras

Ariani, K.
Bulettin Informasi Pertanian Kalimantan Barat [West Kalimantan Agricultural Information Bulletin] (02): 26-28 (1987/1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62707

Bananas current market situation
Kita perhatikan situasi pisang international

Boedihidayat, S.
Indonesia Commodity Review 3(2): 29-33(1973)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 62719

Research on fruits drying by solar energie dryer
Penelitian pengeringan buah-buahan dengan alat pengering energi surya

Malengkas, H.J.; Tandeliling, M.; Moningka, F.P.R.; Tompunu, S.R.J.; Sondalih, D.
Manado Research and Development Institute for Industry; North Sulawesi; Indonesia

Komunikasi Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri Manado [Communication of Manado Research and Development Institute for Industry] (76): 1-40(1985)

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 62721

Physical and chemical characteristic of banana fruit cv. ambon putih at several stage maturity
Karakteristik buah pisang ambon putih pada beberapa umur petik

Waspodo, M.; Pakerti, H.
Pasar Minggu Research Station for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Hortikultura [Horticulture] 25: 24-26(1989)

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63089

Effect of sugar concentration in fruit juice fermentation of banana cv. Batu on the quality of wine produced
Pengaruh konsentrasi gula dalam fermentasi sari buah pisang batu terhadap mutu anggur yang dihasilkan

Herlina, M.
S1 Thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1988; p.1-57

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63106

Effect of preliminary treatment on sun dried banana quality
Pengaruh perlakuan pendahuluan terhadap mutu pisang sale yang dihasilkan

Kalsum, N.
S1 Thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1987; p.1-49

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63113

Research on yield and pectin quality of banana cv. Batu (Musa paradisiaca L.) peels
Penelitian rendemen dan mutu pectin dari kulit pisang batu (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Aisman
S1 Thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1989; p.1-52

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63329

Effect of senescence levels on physical properties and maturity rate of banana fruit
Pengaruh tingkat ketuaan terhadap sifat fisik dan kecepatan masaknya buah pisang

Panggabean, G.
Science and Culture 9 (11): 876-880 (1987)

Availability :
National University; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63334

Cultivation of banana fruit as food stuff
Budidaya buah pisang sebagai bahan pangan

Munajim
Surabaya Industrial Institute News (1): 4-9 (1985)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63382

Effect of wasting 'maling' branch and tendrill by the application of GA3 and K fertilizer on the yield of grape (Vitis labrusca L.) cv. Delaware
Pengaruh pembuangan cabang maling dan sulur dengan pemberian GA3 dan pupuk K terhadap produksi anggur varietas Delaware (Vitis labrusca L.)

Tjahjono, B.
Thesis; Surabaya; Faculty of Agriculture; National 'Veteran' University; East Java Branch; 1987; 46p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; National 'Veteran' University; East Java Branch; Surabaya; Indonesia




NO. 63425

Comparison of furfural yield from parts of pisang biji (Musa brachycarpa) plant
Perbandingan hasil furfural yang berasal dari bagian-bagian pohon pisang biji (Musa brachycarpa)

Suwito, H.
Thesis; Surabaya; Faculty of Chemistry; Airlangga University; 1986; 53p

Availability :
Airlangga University; Surabaya; East Java; Indonesia




NO. 63451

Research of biogas production from banana culms
Penelitian pembuatan biogas dari batang pisang

Susanto, J.P.; Tjahjono, H.
BPPT Magazine [Journal of the Agency for Technological Study and Application] (26): 64-84(1988)

Availability :
Airlangga University; Surabaya; East Java; Indonesia




NO. 63483

Some alternatives of utilization of fruits waste
Beberapa alternatif pemanfaatan limbah buah-buahan

Genisa, J.
Lontara; Hasanuddin University Magazine 27(35): 27-35(1989)

Availability :
Airlangga University; Surabaya; East Java; Indonesia




NO. 63488

Research on quality of sun-dried banana in Central Java and Yogyakarta Special Province marketing
Penelitian mutu sale pisang yang beredar di pasaran Jawa Tengah dan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Sayekti, B.; Muryati
Semarang Industrial Research and Development Institute; Semarang; Indonesia; 1980/1981; 14p

Availability :
Central Research and Development Institute for Agricultural Products Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63499

Development of sun-dried banana industry Research on improvement of sun-dried banana making process
Pengembangan industri sale pisang Penelitian perbaikan proses pembuatan sale pisang

Nursamsi; Pramudianto, B.
Semarang Industrial Research and Development Institute; Semarang; Indonesia; 1980/1981; 57p.

Availability :
Central Research and Development Institute for Agricultural Products Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63512

Chemical gradation of snake fruits during storage
Gradasi kimiawi buah salak dalam penyimpanan

Utami, N.W.; Sutarno, H.
Proceedings of the 1st National Seminar of the Basic Biology; Bogor; 1990; p.216-220

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 64026

'Ambon' banana starch as a binding agent in paracetamol tablets
Pati pisang ambon sebagai bahan pengikat tablet parasetamol

Nursantin, T.
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1984; 75 p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 64067

'Ambon' banana starch as a dissolving agent of paracetamole tablets
Amylum pisang ambon sebagai bahan penghancur tablet parasetamol

Suad
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1987; 82 p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 64749

Sweet potato production, cultivar selection and its development in Vietnam
Produksi ubi jalar, seleksi varietas dan pengembangannya di Vietnam

Mai Thach Hoanh
CGPRT Centre; Jalan Merdeka 99, Bogor; Indonesia

Palawija News [Secondary Crops News] 5 (2): 4-7 (1988)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 64827

Wilt before flowering
Layu sebelum berbunga

Boesro, A.
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH); Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Horticulture (8): 231-234 (1979)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 64830

Post-harvest diseases on fruits and vegetables
Penyakit buah-buahan dan sayuran sesudah panen

Sosrodiharjo, S.
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH); Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Horticulture (8): 202-206 (1979)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 64838

Botany and taxonomy of banana (Musa spp.)
Botani dan sistematika tanaman pisang Musa spp.

Widjono, K.
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH); Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Horticulture (4): 103-105 (1977)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 64860

Important fruits and vegetables in the Philippines
Buah-buahan dan sayur-sayuran penting di Philippina

Sosrodiharjo, S.
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH); Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Horticulture (8): 207-209 (1979)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 64877

"Blood disease" on banana plant in Jeneponto, South Sulawesi
Penyakit darah pada tanaman pisang di Jeneponto, Sulawesi Selatan

Roesmiyanto; Hutagalung, L.
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; Solok; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Horticulture (27): 39-41 (1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 64885

Effect of senescence level on banana cv. Ambon Jepang
Pengaruh tingkat ketuaan terhadap Ambon Jepang

Waspodo, M.; Pekerti, H.
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; Solok; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Horticulture (26): 40-43 (1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 64892

Screening of banana (Musa paradisiaca) cv. Raja Sereh quality in several maturity levels
Pengkajian mutu buah pisang (Musa paradisiaca) Raja Sereh pada beberapa tingkat ketuaan

Waspodo, Murtiningsih; Pekerti, Hansani
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; Solok; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Horticulture (26): 71-74 (1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 64921

In vitro effectivity of streptomycine sulphate and oxytetracyclin 15/1.5 WP on Pseudomonas solanocearum E.F.Smith
Efektifitas sreptomisin sulfat dan oksitetrasiklin 15/1.5 WP terhadap Pseudomonas solanocearum E.F.Smith secara in vitro

Hanudin
Lembang Research Institute for Horticulture (LERIH); Bandung; Indonesia

Horticultural Research Bulletin 19 (4): 18-22 (1990)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 64999

Banana (Musa paradisiaca) from its corm to leaves are useful
Pisang (Musa paradisiaca) dari pangkal sampai daunnya bisa dimanfaatkan

YET
Buletin Informasi Pertanian Sulawesi Tenggara [South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Bulletin] 2 (05): 19-21 (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 65234

Utilization of banana-stalk ceespool as raw material and the effect of calsium ferrocyanide addition on citric acid production
Pemanfaatan limbah batang pisang sebagai bahan baku dan pengaruh penambahan kalsium ferosianida pada pembuatan asam sitrat

Sopannata, L.
S1 Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; Nasional University; 1985; 43 p

Availability :
Nasional University; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 65238

Effects of wax lining and storage condition on physiological and physico- chemical characteristics of banana (Musa sp.) cvs. raja and ambon
Pengaruh pelapisan lilin dan kondisi penyimpanan terhadap karakteristik fisiologis dan fisiko kimia pisang (Musa sp.) varietas raja dan ambon

Manik, R.M.
S1 Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1988; 91 p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65247

Study on the effect of utilization of Benlate-50, polyetilin plastic bag and mixture between lime and KMnO4 on postharvest physiological characteristic of banana fruit (Musa paradisiaca L.) cv. Raja during storage
Mempelajari sifat fisiologis pasca panen buah pisang raja (Musa paradisiaca L.) selama penyimpanan, pengaruh penggunaan Benlate-50 kantung plastik polietilin serta campuran kapur dan KMnO4

Djoebaedah, H.S.
S1 Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1990; 103 p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65348

Cost aspect of banana processing manufactures and its role in banana trade system
Aspek pembiayaan perusahaan-perusahaan pengolahan pisang dan peranannya dalam sitim tataniaga pisang

Yusuf, A.T.
Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Praktek Lapang; Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian; Fakultas Pertanian; Institut Pertanian Bogor [Field Practical Report; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University]: 1983; 70 p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65367

Utilization of 2, 4 D in ripening of banana fruits
Penggunaan 2, 4 D dalam pemeraman buah pisang

Moebarokah, A.
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Praktikum Hortikultura; Fakultas Pertanian Bogor; Universitas Indonesia [Practical Report of the Horticulture; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University]; 1962; 23 p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65406

Banana
Pisang

Sumartono
Seri Pertanian Populer; Pt.Bumi Restu [Popular Agricultural Series; Bumi Restu Publishing CO.]; 1977; 39 p

Availability :
As-Syafi'iyah Islamic University; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 65471

Banana powder: cultivar characteristics, method of preparation and their utilization
Tepung pisang: ciri jenis, cara pembuatan resep, penggunaan

Hardiman
Penerbit Gadjah Mada Uniersitas Pers; Yogyakarta; 1982; 38p

Availability :
College of Farming; Semarang; Indonesia




NO. 65472

Planting of banana
Bertanam pisang

Rismunandar
Penerbit Masa Baru Bandung; Indonesia Membangun (9): 1-64(1973)

Availability :
College of Farming; Semarang; Indonesia




NO. 66322

Study on banana marketing in relation to processing industry of "sale"
Kajian pemasaran pisang dalam kaitannya dengan industri olahan pisang sale

Wahjudi, T.
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture (Balai Penelitian Hortikultura Solok); Indonesia

Horticulture Research-Solok Research Institute for Horticulture (Penelitian Hortikultura-Balai Penelitian Hortikultura Solok) 5(2): 93-102 (1993)

Abstract:
The study of banana marketing in relation to processing industry of "sale". The research was conducted in Sukabumi, West Java from November 1991 to January 1992. The objectives of the research were to observe the supply system of raw material in relation to the "sale" industry, characteristic of the middleman and marketing margin. The research was arranged as survey method. The result indicated that the existence of "sale" processing industry could increase farmers profit about 40% and the marketing channel was efficient, since B/C ratio was 1, 43.

Availability :
Scientific Documentation and Information Centre - The Indonesian Institute of Science (Pusat Dokumentasi dan Informasi Ilmiah - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia); Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 66321

The effect of NPK fertilization and liming on the population of leaf rolling moth (Erionota thrax) and thrips (Chaetanaphothrips signipennis) in banana
Pengaruh pemupukan NPK dan pengapuran terhadap populasi ulat penggulung daun (Erionota thrax) dan thrips (Chaetanaphothrips signipennis) pada tanaman pisang

Soemargono, A.
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture (Balai Penelitian Hortikultura Solok); Indonesia

Horticulture Research-Solok Research Institute for Horticulture (Penelitian Hortikultura-Balai Penelitian Hortikultura Solok) 5(2): 86-92 (1993)

Abstract:
The effect of NPK fertilization and liming of population of leaf rolling mouth (Erionota thrax) and thrips (Chaetanaphothrips signipennis) in banana. The research was conducted at Aripan Experimental Farm, Solok from June 1990 to September 1991, arranged in a factorial Randomized Block Design. The purpose of the research was to evaluate the effects of N, P, K fertilization and liming of E. thrax and C. signipennis. The results revealed that NPK fertilization at the dosage rates of 200, 200 and 300 g/plant could negatively affect on the population of leaf roller (Erionota thrax) and thrips (Chaetanaphothrips signipennis). In contrast, incomplete macrro-fertilization, particularly NK caused plant more favorable to population growth of those pests. Based on Path analysis P and Ca played important role in suppressing E.thrax population. Liming did not affect pests population anymore.

Availability :
Scientific Documentation and Information Centre - The Indonesian Institute of Science (Pusat Dokumentasi dan Informasi Ilmiah - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia); Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 66680

Studies on the effects of Tagetes erecta and Tagetes patula in controlling parasitic nematodes on banana
Kajian penggunaan Tagetes erecta dan Tagetes patula untuk mengendalikan nematoda parasitik pada tanaman pisang

Supratoyo
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Ilmu Pertanian (Agricultural Science) 5(3): 681-694 (1993)

Abstract:
An experiment to study the effect of T. erecta and T. patula in controlling parasitic nematodes on banana was conducted at the Banana Collection Garden, Agricultural Extension Service for Food Crops, Yogyakarta. Banana variety used in this experiment was "Pisang Raja" and the plant was intercropped with both Tagetes plants. Plots in the experiment were arranged in Randomized Completely Block Design with three factors and six blocks. Those factors were banana intercropped with six rows of T. erecta, banana intercropped with six rows of T. patula, and banana with no intercropping. Observations were done on the number of plant parasitic nematodes in the soil on each plot before planting, population number in the soil and banana roots on each plot at 30, 60, 90 and 120 days after planting; and the growth periods of both T. erecta and T. patula. The result of the study was that T. erecta and T. patula were able to suppress the populations of plant parasitic nematodes (Meloidogyne, Radopholus and Pratylenchus) and were able to reduce banana root damage. There is no difference between T. erecta and T. patula ability in suppressing plant parasitic nematodes in banana. The vegetative stage of T. erecta, however, was longer than T. patula, therefore its effective age for controlling plant parasitic nematode on banana was also longer than T. patula.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66822

Supply of 'pisang tanduk' (Musa paradisiaca (L.) AAB group) planting material through tissue culture
Penyediaan bibit pisang tanduk (Musa paradisiaca (L.) AAB grup) secara kultur jaringan

Ernawati, A.; Imron R, R.M.; Gunawan, L.W.
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor of Agricultural Institute; Indonesia

Buletin Agronomi 21(1): 27-35 (1993)

Abstract:
The micropropagation of plantain cv. Pisang tanduk to supply seedlings was done. There were 3 in vitro experiments: (i) The effects of Adenin sulfat (0; 100; 200 ppm) - IAA (0; 3; 6; 9 ppm) on the plantlet production, (ii) The effects of BAP (0; 3; 6; 9 ppm) - IAA (0; 2; 4; 6; 8 ppm) on the shoot multiplication and (iii) The effect of IBA (2; 4; 6; 8 ppm) on the root formation of microshoot. The extra vitrum experiment was done by potted plantlets on the compost medium and then transfered to soil medium. The combination of Adenin sulfat - IAA (experiment i) induced the production of plantlets, but the maximum amount was only 4 plantlets per culture. In experiment (ii), plantlets were produced in media without plant growth regulator and in media containing IAA only (5 plantlets per culture). The addition of BAP induced multiple shoot (19 shoots/ culture) in 2 months, but there was no root formation. The addition of IBA induced root formation. Plantlets were successfully acclimatisized and grew well become seedlings.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66891

Relationship between plants and human beings in traditional ceremonies in Indonesia
Hubungan antara tumbuhan dan manusia dalam upacara adat di Indonesia

Kartiwa, S.; Martowikrido, W.
Musium Nasional RI; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 Februari 1992; Editors: Nasution, R.E. et al p. 149-155 (1992)

Abstract:
Plants play the important roles in traditional ceremonies of the Indonesian people, especially those related to life-cycle ceremonies. A relationship between people and plants developed that was mutually beneficial. Relationship between people and plants were part of the culture, which started long time ago, perhaps since the era of fossil man. Apart from being consumed, plants had other meaning for people. Some plants were believed of having energies for avoiding evil spirits. Samples of these relationship from various places of Indonesia were shown in this article. It was also mentioned the possible reason for people to choose certain plants for ritual purposes

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66898

Role of plants in the life cycle ceremonies in the Banjar tribe
Peranan tumbuhan dalam upacara daur hidup suku bangsa Banjar

Asnawi, H.A.
Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan; Banjarmasin; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 Februari 1992; Editors: Nasution, R.E. et al p. 202-215 (1992)

Abstract:
Close relationship between plants and life cycle ceremonies among the Banjars in South Kalimantan, from pregnancy to death, were described in this article, as well as symbolism and meanings of the plants which showed people's effort to fulfill human needs, mentally and physically. Since many kinds of plants were needed during the ceremonies, so the plants were very well maintained and this was their contribution to the lasting of their environments.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66933

Effect of calcium chloride on the physical characteristic of 'pisang raja bulu' (Musa paradisiaca L.) fruits
Pengaruh kalsium klorida terhadap sifat fisik buah pisang raja bulu (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Harahap, R.; Citroreksoko, P.S.; Juliarti, S.
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Universitas Djuanda 1(2): 7-11 (1992)

Abstract:
The factorial experiment was designed according to Randomized Block Design with 13 treatment combinations and their replications. The treatment consisted of calcium chloride concentrations and periods of dipping in calcium chloride solutions. The concentrations of calcium chloride were 1%, 1.5% and 2% and the periods of dipping were 30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. The treated fruits were stored at room temperature until overripe. Results showed that calcium ion delayed the ripening of pisang raja bulu fruits. The dipping of fruits in calcium chloride delayed the changing of colour of skin from green to yellow. The carotenoid content on the skin of the fruits dipped in the calcium chloride solution was increased. The average of carotenoid content was 7, 17 ppm in fully ripe stage and 9, 16 ppm in overripe stage. The fruits dipped for 30 minutes in 2% calcium chloride gave a better effect on the firmness of the fully ripe stage than untreated fruits.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 67172

Potential and land suitability for banana estate development


Djohar, H.H.
Central Research Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal 14(3&4): 49-54(1992)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 67098

Effect of fruit maturity stage of banana cv. Ambon Buai on ripe fruit quality
Pengaruh derajat ketuaan buah pisang ambon Buai terhadap mutu buah matang

Dasuki, I.M.
Pasarminggu Research Station for Horticulture (Sub Balai Penelitian Hortikultura Pasarminggu); Indonesia

Jurnal Hortikultura [Journal of Horticulture] 2(4): 52-58 (1992)

Abstract:
Ambon Buai banana cultivar was harvested at two weeks after commercial stage of maturity showed a good quality of ripe banana, specially it was true for the younger one. The symptom of physiological disorder appeared on the third day during ripening processes for the young stage of commercial stage of maturity, while the older one appeared on the fifth day. The symptoms of physiological disorder was retarding of ripening process and incompletely ripening of the fruits.

Availability :
National Library (Perpustakaan Nasional); Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 67173

Major banana diseases and their control


Sulyo, Y.
Central Research Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal 14(3&4): 55-58(1992)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 67168

Ripening process of banana
Proses "ripening" pisang

Sabari; Syaifullah; Dasuki, I.M.
Central Research Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal 14(3&4): 59-62(1992)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 67170

Interviews on banana marketing in Indonesia
Wawancara pemasaran pisang di Indonesia

Sudaryanto, T.
Center for Agro-Socio Economic Research; Bogor; Indonesia

Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal 14(3&4): 66-72(1992)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 67163

Utilization of 'klutuk' banana (Musa brachycarpa) for the production of beverage drink
Pemanfaatan pisang klutuk (Musa brachycarpa) sebagai minuman anggur (wine)

Pulungan, M.H.; Sukardi; Wijana, S.
Faculty of Agriculture; Brawijaya University; Malang; Indonesia

Jurnal Universitas Brawijaya (Brawijaya University Journal) 5(1): 50-63(1993)

Abstract:
The objective of this study is the utilization of several pulp banana substrat as raw material for beverage drink is considered benefical as well as improving the farmer income. Three phases of experiments were conducted. The first phase aimed to find out the best initial pH (3.5; 4; 4; 5) and sugar content (20%; 25%; 30%; 35%) for the production of alcohol and the second was aimed to get the best yeast (S. wein; Beaker yeast) and substrat (whole pulp with seed and skin, pulp with seed, pulp without seed) for the production of alcohol. Third stage was designed to find out the best coagulation subtance (0.001%, 0.05%, 0, 010%, 0, 015%) and temperature (50 oC, 60 oC, 70 oC) of the quality of beverage drink. The result of this experiment showed that pH level of 4.5, sugar content of 25% and yeast of S. wein producing the best condition if applied on pulp of whole banana (included the seed and skin).

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 67169

Banana processed products in Indonesia
Hasil proses pisang di Indonesia

Dasuki, I.M.
Central Research Institute for Horticulture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal 14(3&4): 63-65(1992)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 67236

Chances of the intercrops planting between productive 'pinang' (Areca catechu) stands
Peluang mengusahakan tanaman sela diantara tanaman pinang produktif

Maliangkay, R.B.
Peneliti Agronomi, BALITKA; Manado; Indonesia

Buletin BALITKA (17): 61-68(1992)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 67257

Effect of alcohol extract of 'pisang gabu' (MUsa paradisiaca L.) on the stomach usci of mice caused by salicilic acid
Pengaruh ekstrak alkohol pisang gabu (Musa paradisiaca L.) terhadap uskus lambung tikus karena salisilat

Efendi, R.
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis: Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1993; 95p.

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 67386

Effect of kind of legume intercrops on the growth and production of banana cv. Barangan
Pengaruh macam tanaman sela leguminosa terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi pisang barangan

Supriyanto, B.; Kasirin; Winarno, M.
Balithorti Solok; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 5(3): 18-25(1993)

Abstract:
The experiment was conducted at the Aripan Experimental Farm of Solok Research Institute for Horticulture, with 415 m altitude, latosol soil type and pH 4.5 from Januari 1990 to March 1991. The purpose was to know the influence of different legumes as intercrops on the growth and production of banana cv. Barangan. The intercrops planted among banana plants were peanut, soybean, and mungbean with each population density of 88.890 plants/ha. The result indicated that intercrops affected on the production, maturity, and land use intensity but not on the growth of banana. LER values of peanut, soybean, and mungbean were 2.13, 1.78 and 1.89, respectively.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 67387

Areas of banana farming development in Sumatra
Wilayah pengembangan usahatani pisang di Sumatera

Suharto; Trisulo, W.; Soemargono, A.; Kasirin
Balithorti Solok; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 5(3): 26-41(1993)

Abstract:
An investigation on inventory and determination of development area for banana had been done in several provinces of North Sumatera, Riau, South Sumatera, and Lampung, from July 1991 to March 1992. Information obtained from this investigation was that bananas grown were various in terms of variety from one province to other provinces and mostly were backyard plantation. By matching data it could be drawn an ecogeographical map for determining areas where banana plantation should be developed.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 67393

Control of Colletotrichum sp. and Botryodiplodia sp., the postharvest diseases of banana fruit
Pengendalian cendawan Colletotrichum sp. dan Botryodiplodia sp. penyakit pasca panen buah pisang

Murtiningsih, W.; Yulianingsih; Mahadjir, I.; Trisnawati
Sub Balithorti Pasarminggu

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 5(3): 58-64(1993)

Abstract:
The experiment was conducted from November 1989 to February 1990. Five fungicides: Benomyl, Maneb, zineb, captafol and mancozeb were tested to evaluate inhibition effect on the growth of Colletotrichum sp. and Botryodiplodia sp., the causal fungi rot disease of banana, by petridish zonal inhibition. The result indicated that benomyl solution of 500 ppm was the most effective to control Colletotrichum sp., while mankozeb was effective to inhibit the growth of Botryodiplodia sp.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 67541

Banana (Musa spp.): ethnobotanical study of several tribes in Indonesia
Pisang (Musa spp.): suatu telaah ethnobotani pada beberapa suku di Indonesia

Nasution, R.E.
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 Februari 1992. Editors: Nasution, R.E. et al. p.335-338

Abstract:
Banana is native to Indonesia, and it has been considered to be source of nutritious fruits in Indonesia. However, for certain ethnic groups, vegetative parts of the plants are important as those of the fruits. They have been taking part in traditional medicines, used as fodder for cattles, wrapers, weaving materials, and even engaged in various traditional ceremonies. These are discussed in the paper. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 67680

Control of bacterial wilt disease of banana
Pengendalian penyakit layu bakteri pada pisang

Wiyono, S.; Widodo, MS.; Triwidodo, H.; Harahap, I.S.
Agrotek 1(2): 66-67(1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68634

Small ruminant research and development in Yogyakarta special region


Astuti, Maria
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Proceedings of a Workshop; Sheep and Goats Research for Development, 18-19 October 1989; Bogor; Subandrijo(ed); Djajanegara, A(ed); Mathius, I.W. (ed); Bogor; Balai Penelitian Ternak Bogor; 1992; p19-26

Availability :
Research Institute for Livestock




NO. 68641

Study on the farming system in the dry climate area: The results and its future prospeccts
Penelitian sistem usahatani di wilayah beriklim kering: Hasil-hasil yang dicapai dan prospek pengembangannya

Momuat, E.O.; Subandi; Djamaludin
'Proyek Pembangunan Penelitian Pertanian' Nusa Tenggara

Risalah Penelitian Pengembangan Sistem Produksi Pertanian [Proceedings of a Seminar on Research and Development of Agricultural product System]; Bogor; 1993; Musaddad, A(ed); Kasim, H(ed); Adyana, M.O(ed); 1993; p37-53

Availability :
Central Research Institute for Food Crops; Bogor; Indonesian




NO. 68741

The efforts on breeding pesquet's parrot (Psittrichas fulgidus) in captivity


Prijono, Siti Nuramaliati; Mananseng, Jansen
Zoology Division of the Research and Development Centre for Biology-LIPI; Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference of South-East Asian Zoological Parks Association; Bogor 11-15 August 1993; Jakarta, Indonesian Zoological Parks Association; 1993; p88-99

Abstract:
Pesquet's parrot (Psittrichas fulgidus) is very rare and unusual parrot from the forested mountains of Irian Jaya (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea. This bird is protected in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to know the normal behaviour of this bird, to find the right bond of the bird, and to determine the feed preferences in captivity. To develop succesful methods of animal captive breeding often required a detailed knowledge of basic biology of a species, including its behaviour and nutrition. Furthermore the captive breeding of threatened species was becoming a necessary part of conservation efforts world wide. Four birds in two aviaries in Indonesian Safari Park were used in this study. Each aviary content of two birds. The size for each aviary was 400 cm x 250 cm x 270 cm. The birds were fed three kind of fruits, sweet potatoes and high protein diets. Time sampling method was used for observing their maintenance behaviour and feeding activities. The results showed that the maintenance behaviour was more active during the day (12: 00-12: 30) than in the afternoon and in the morning. While the feeding activities in the tree of different time was not significant different. The average time of courtship feeding of a pair birds has been formed a right bond was 4 min. 10 sec. per hour. The birds in captivity tend to get feed lack of protein. It suppose that the birds need enough protein in their diets for their growth, maintenance and reproduction. Therefore, to meet the requirement of protein in the diets of Pesquet's Parrot, the birds fed high protein diets (mixed: Dog food, egg yolk, apple juice and honey), besides fed guava, bananas, papaya, and cooked sweet potatoes. The result showed that the feed preferences of Pesquet's parrot was as follows: papaya (39.9%), bananas (22.6%), guava (11.1%), while sweet potatoes (9.9%), diets high protein (8.7%) and red sweet potatoes (7.8%). (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Indonesian Safari Park; Cisarua; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68746

Pests and diseases of plants in the farming system of tidal zones and efforts for their control
Hama dan penyakit tanaman dalam sistem usaha tani lahan pasang surut serta usaha-usaha pengendaliannya

Sastraatmadja, Suwalan; Zakiah; Mukelar, Amir; Rochman; Sujitno, J.
Bogor Research Institute for Food Crops; Indonesia

Risalah Pertemuan Nasional Pengembangan Pertanian Lahan Rawa Pasang Surut dan Lebak [Proceedings of a National Seminar on the Agricultural Development in Tidal Swamp Lands and in Valleys]; Bogor; 3-4 March 1992; 1992; p157-167

Availability :
Central Research Institute for Food Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68839

Effect of various picking ages on the fruit quality of banana cv. Barangan
Pengaruh umur petik terhadap mutu buah pisang cv. Barangan

Warda; Dewayani, W.; Hutagalung, L.
Jeneponto Horticultural Research Station; Jeneponto; South Sulawesi; Indonesia

Jurnal Hortikultura [Horticultural Journal] 3(2): 27-32(1993)

Abstract:
The experiment was carried out using a Completely Randomized Design with five replications. The result showed that banana cv. Barangan can be harvested 90 days after blooming, based on the carbohydrate content of unripe fruits (24.68%), total sugar of ripe fruits (18.30%), sensory test and weight losses (1.91%) with the rate of weight losses was about 0.51% per day.

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68840

Application of calcium carbide, gliricidia leaves and albizia leaves as ripening induction agents of banana fruits
Penggunaan kalsium karbida, daun gliricidia dan daun albizia sebagai bahan pemacu pematangan buah pisang

Waspodo, M.; Prabawati, S.; Yulianingsih; Muhadjir, I.
Pasar Minggu Horticultural Research Station; Pasar Minggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Jurnal Hortikultura [Horticultural Journal] 3(2): 33-43(1993)

Abstract:
The experiment was conducted from October 1991 to February 1992. The rate of ripening process was stimulated by exposing the fruits to albizia leaves (10% w/w) for 36 hours. The result indicated that the ripening time to reach full ripe 3.50 days was shorter compared to untreated control 9.16 days. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69053

Banana business which promising cash
Bisnis pisang menjanjikan uang

Priyono
Jember Research Institute for Estate Crops; East Java; Indonesia

Warta Pusat Penelitian Perkebunan Jember [Jember Research Institute for Estate Crops News] (13): 15-16(1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69093

Prospect of production and marketing of banana in Aceh Special Province
Prospek produksi dan pemasaran pisang di Propinsi D.I.Aceh

Sajuti, R.; Andriati
Puslit SEP Bogor [Central Research for Agricultural Socio-economics (?)]

Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi [Forum on the Agro-economic Research] 12(1): 38-48(1994)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69207

Effects of NaCl concentration and soaking duration on the end product of 'keripik pisang' (banana crackers)
Pengaruh kadar natrium chlorida (NaCl) dan lama waktu perendaman terhadap produk akhir keripik pisang

Darmawan, I.
Faculty of Agriculture; University of Agricuture; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; University of Agriculture; 1992; 66p

Availability :
University of Agriculture Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69790

Effect of picking time on the quality of banana fruit cv. Barangan
Pengaruh umur petik terhadap mutu buah pisang Barangan

Warda; Dewayani, Wanti; Hutagalung, Lukman
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH); Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Raker Puslitbang Hortikultura [Proceedings of the Workshop of the Central Research Institute for Horticulture]; 1993; 127-131

Abstract:
The research was conducted at Laboratory Jeneponto Horticultural Research Station from November 1992 until March 1993 by using a Completely Randomized Design and five replications. The aim of this experiment was to find out picking time exactly for the best quality of banana fruits cv. Barangan. The results showed that the best quality of banana fruits was harvested at 90 days after blooming.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 70296

Some experiences in cultivating high yield aromatic Banana
May kinh nghiem trong Chuoi tieu dat nang suat cao

Pham Dinh Tri
Secondary School of Forestry of Viet Bac; Vietnam

Tap chi Khoa hoc va Ky thuat Nong nghiep [Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture] (7): 414-415(1970)

Abstract:
Aromatic banana should be cultivated shallowly, in wide holes with alot of ashes, urine and humus applied and wastes covered on the ground in order to keep humidity. It's planting time is after new year festival. Aromatic banana must blossom out in June, July or August by means of means of regulation. A short aromatic banana variety was selected.

Availability :
Library; Agricultural Science; Hanoi; Vietnam




NO. 69749

Present status of bacterial diseases of major crops in Indonesia


Machmud, Muhammad
Bogor Research Institute for Food Crops (BORIF); Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings of the Symposium on Biology and Control of Crop Pathogens; Mien A.Rifai(ed); E.S.Scott(ed); F.C.Quebral(ed); Baharuddin Saleh(ed); Okky Setyawati Dharmaputra(ed); Bogor, Indonesia, 2-4 February 1993; Biotrop Special Publication (54): 51-62(1994)

Abstract:
Prior to the World War II, research on bacterial diseases of crop plants was done by the Dutch scientists. Bacterial disease was first observed in Indonesia in 1869 on tobacco plants grown at Deli (North Sumatra) which showed wilting symptom. Bacterial ooze was observed on the wilted plants. The disease was therefore called the slime disease (slijm ziekte, Dutch). The pathogen was not confirmed, until Erwin F. Smith described the disease on tomato in the USA as brown rot and named the pathogen Bacterium solanacearum. In 1905 bacterial wilt of peanut was discovered by van Breda de Haan in Cirebon area (Machmud, 1986). Since then the disease was proved widely spread in peanut growing areas in Indonesia. In 1912 Gaumann reported a disease that devastated banana plantations in South Sulawesi. He named the disease "blood disease" and the pathogen Pseudomonas celebensis. In 1912 he also observed a similar disease of banana grown in Java which he called "Java vascular disease" and named the pathogen Pseudomonas musae (Machmud, 1986). Since then bacterial wilt was reported on other crops and widely spread in Indonesia. Various researches on bacterial wilt have been done, including developments of resistant cultivars and other control measures. The first discovery of bacterial diseases after the war was on rice. A disease that causes wilting on young rice plants was observed at Bogor in 1948 and named kresek and the pathogen Xanthomonas kresek. Later on the bacterium was convince to be X. oryzae, the bacterial blight pathogen. Since then, research on bacterial wilt was stagnant until early 1970's.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 90031

Development of crown rot of banana (Musa sapientum L.) as influenced by alum application


Manalo, JO; Ilag, LL
Philippine Phytopathological Society; c/o Department of Plant Pathology; University of the Philippines; Los Banos; College; Laguna

Philippine Phytopathology 29(1 & 2): 113; 1993

Abstract:
Different concentrations of alum were tested to control crown rot infection in banana. Development of the crown rot disease was delayed for three days by the application of alum on the fruit either before or after inoculation. Differences in the rate of infection were observed with at least 5% alum treatment until the time of maximum marketable ripeness of fruit. However, the optimum alum concentration were 10 and 15%. Various methods of application tested were effective but dipping the fruits in alum solution fo 60 seconds was less laborious and more practical to use. This method was effective even if applied 24 hr after inoculation with the pathogen.

Availability :
Department of Plant Pathology; University of the Philippines; Institute of Biological Sciences; Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 90084

Fungal disease of Morado banana fruits and leaves in Carmen, Davao del Norte


Dalisay, RF; Pordesimo, AN
Philippine Phytopathology 18(1&2): 16-17; 1982

Abstract:
Morado banana (M. paradisiaca var. glaberrima) , a potential export commodity, has been found affected by a number of pre-and post-harvest diseases in Carmen, Davao del Norte. Foliar and fruit diseases were observed to reduce fruit yield directly or indirectly and affect the quality and price of the fruit. The foliar diseases associated with Morado were Sigatoka caused by Mycosphaerella musicola Leach (Cescospora musae Ziimm.), and Cordona leaf spot caused by Cordona musae Zimm. Diamond black pit, a preharvest fruit disease with which a species of Cercospora has always been associated, has also been a serious problem in the locality. This disease renders the spotted fruit unattractive. In storage and transit, fruit rots such as anthracnose and neck rot caused by Collectotrichum musae Berk. et Curt., Botryodiplodia finger rot caused by Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat, and crown rot caused by a fungal complex (C. musae Berk. et Curt., B. theobromae Pat., and Fusarium moniliforme Sheld.) were consistently isolated and proven to be the causal fungi by pathogenicity tests. These foliar and fruit diseases have noted to occur at varying intensities in this particular locality. The two diseases, Sigatoka and diamond black pit, have been suspected to originate from Hijo plantation, Tagum, Davao del Norte where previous findings reported their presence in epiphytotic proportions. Application of fungicides, sanitation, proper harvesting, handling, packaging, and refrigeration have been practiced to control this diseases at a level of minimum fruit loss.

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines; Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 90657

Consumption of secondary food crops by low- and high-income households


Alkuino, JMJr
Annals of Tropical Research 9(1); 1987

Abstract:
The study attempted to identify the kinds of secondary food crops consumed by households when the normally consumed staple food is scarce or when such households experience an income squeeze. One thousand two hundred households in the Visayas region were included in the survey. The respondents were divided into high- and low-income groups based on the median income of the groups. Four secondary food crops, namely: sweet potato, plantain banana, cassava and taro were usually bought by respondents to supplement their staple food consumption. In general, more respondents in the low-income group bought plantain bananas than those who bought sweet potato and vice versa in the high-income group. Low-income households showed higher preference for cassava than high income households most notably because of its low price. Most respondents preferred sweet potato due to its easy preparation.

Availability :
Western Visayas Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium; Department of Agriculture; Hamungaya; Jaro; Iloilo City; Philippines




NO. 100143

Utilization of coconut water on tissue culture media of banana (Musa paradisiaca)
Penggunaan air kelapa dalam media kultur jaringan pisang (Musa paradisiaca)

Wardiyati, T.; Basuki, Nur; Radian; Soetarso
Faculty of Agriculture; Brawijaya University; Malang; Indonesia

Agrivita 16(2): 83-85(1993)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted at Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University. The objective of this experiment was to study the effect of coconut water concentration on the growth of three banana cultivars in tissue culture. The experiment was designed due to Completely Randomized Design with 12 treatments of 4 levels of coconut water concentration (0; 7, 5; 15 and 22, 5%) and three banana cultivars (Ambon, Kepok, Candi). Each treatment consisted of 10 botles, filled with 4 explants of 1/4 shoot. The media composition was solid MS suplemented with BAP 5 mg/l. The result showed that there were interactions between treatments on time of shoots growth and shoots number. The optimum coconut water concentration for cv. Kepok was 16, 2%, cv.Candi 12, 6% and cv. Ambon 17, 3%.

Availability :
Research and Development Center for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100285

Effects of fertilizer application and liming on the growth and yield of banana grown on latosol
Pengaruh pemupukan dan pengapuran terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi pisang ditanah latosol

Muas, Irwan; Supriyanto, Budi; Winarno, M.
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; Solok; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 5(1): 48-57(1992)

Abstract:
This experiment was conducted at the Solok Research Institute for Horticulture from January 1990 to March 1991. The experiment was arranged due to a RCBD factorial with three replications. The first factor was compositions of 5 levels fertilizer i.e. no NPK, NPK, NP, NK and PK. The second factor was 3 levels of liming i.e. no lime, calsit and dolomit. The results showed that fertilization and liming could shorten the bud emergence period 25-28 days and 9-15 days respectively. Fertilization that contain potash element (NPK, NK, PK) significantly increased fruit weight per bunch compared with no potash (NP and without fertilization) and no liming.

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100288

Identification and population distribution of root parasite nematodes on banana in West Sumatera
Identifikasi dan distribusi populasi nematode parasit akar pada tanaman pisang di Sumatera Barat

Jumjunidang; Harlion
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; Solok; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 5(1): 72-82(1992)

Abstract:
The aim of the experiment was to find out the population distribution and to identify the species of root parasitic nematodes. The experiment was conducted at banana producing centres in West Sumatera from April 1991 - January 1992. There were Radopholus similis, Meloidogyne spp., Pratylenchus spp., Helicotylenchus spp., Tylenchus spp., Rotylenchulus spp. and Criconemoides spp. found on banana; among which genera in root were Pratylenchus spp. (1800/25 gram), R.similis (1040/25 gram), Helicotylenchus spp. (100/25 gram).

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100282

Effects of IAA and BAP on the initiation and bud multiplication of several banana varieties in vitro
Pengaruh IAA dan BAP terhadap inisiasi dan multiplikasi tunas pada beberapa varietas pisang secara in vitro

Meldia, Yeni; Winarno, M.; Sunyoto
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; Solok; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 5(1): 23-31(1992)

Abstract:
The experiment was conducted from June 1991 to March 1992 at the Tissue Culture Laboratory of SORIH. The aim of this experiment was to determine an appropriate combination of IAA and BAP concentrations for initiation and bud multiplication. The results indicated that MS + 0, 1 - 0, 2 ppm IAA + 3, 0 - 3, 5 ppm BAP gave better growth on Ambon kuning, Ambon hijau, Barangan and Mas, compared with the other medium. Batu variety showed better growth on MS + 0, 1-0, 2 ppm IAA + 4, 5 - 5 ppm BAP. The suitable medium for buds multiplication for all banana varieties was MS + 4, 5 ppm - 5 ppm BAP.

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100294

Effects of napthalene acetic acid (NAA), pyridoxine and banana extract on the growth of protocorn like bodies of Dendrobium sp. in vitro
Pengaruh NAA, pyridoxin dan ekstrak pisang terhadap pertumbuhan protocorm like bodies anggrek Dendrobium secara in vitro

Simatupang, Sartha; Sianturi, H.S.D.
Berastagi Research Institute for Horticulture; Berastagi; North Sumatera; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research Bulletin] 26(1): 15-18(1993)

Abstract:
The experiment was conducted in Tissue Culture Laboratory of Berastagi Sub Research Institute for Horticulture from December 1989 until April 1990. Experiments was used a Completely Randomized Design. The basal medium was liquid of Vacint and Went. The treatment consisted of Napthalene Acetic Acid (0, 1, and 2 ppm), pyridoxine (0, 0.5, and 1 ppm) and extract of green banana (0, 100, 200 g/l). The results showed that there was no interaction among NAA, pyridoxin and extract of green banana on numbers of leaves and fresh matter. The growth component increased linearly with increased NAA concentration, therefore 2 ppm NAA was the best treatment. Adding 0, 5 ppm pyridoxine increased numbers of plantlets, height and numbers of leaves. Extract of green banana decreased growth components.

Availability :
Research Centre for Estate Biotechnology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100555

Bud propagation and rooting of banana (Musa paradisiaca L. AAB group) cv. Tanduk in aseptic media
Perbanyakan tunas dan pengakaran tanaman pisang tanduk (Musa paradisiaca L. AAB Grup) pada medium aseptik

Rosjidi, R.M.I.
S1 Thesis; Bogor; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 56p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 100556

Effects of several cytokinins on the growth and development of shoots of banana cv. Mas in in vitro culture
Pengaruh beberapa macam sitokinin terhadap pertumbuhan, perkembangan pucuk pisang mas dalam kultur in vitro

Rubbyanto
S1 Thesis; Bogor; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 79p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 100712

Effect of coconut water from two stages of maturity and quantity of addition of Ambon banana on the nata quality
Pengaruh air kelapa dari dua tingkat kematangan dan jumlah penambahan pisang Ambon terhadap mutu nata

Novelina; Nurhaida, H.; Zuki, Zuraida
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; Indonesia

Prosiding Pertemuan Ilmiah Tahunan: Peranan Mikrobiologi Dalam Industri Pangan [Proceedings of Annual Scientific Meeting; Roles of Microbiology in Food Industry], 10 Desember 1994; p.153-158

Abstract:
A study on the effect of coconut water at different stage of maturity and addition of banana upon the nata quality had been done in laboratory of faculty of Agriculture. The purpose of this study was to determine the combination between coconut water and the addition number of banana. The experiment was designed according to a Completely Randomized Design with factorial. The first factors was water coconut from to stage of maturity which had three levels. a1= fully mature coconut water, a2= mid mature water, a3= mixture (a1 + a2). The second factor was the addition of banana, which had two levels, b1= 125 gram, b2= 150 gram per litre of coconut water. The result of this experiment indicated that using 150 gram banana per litre of fully mature coconut water had gave the best of result. The result showed that the nata thickness of 157 cm, rendement 46, 50%, ash content of 0.46% and cellulose of 5.33%.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 100873

Planting of banana cv. Barangan
Menanam pisang barangan

Anonim
South Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service; Ujung Pandang; Indonesia

LIPTAN; Balai Informasi Pertanian Sulawesi; Departemen Pertanian; [Agricultural Information Sheet; South Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service; Ministry of Agriculture]; Agdex: 231/20 No.18/1992-1993 (1992)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100961

Evaluation of soil resources for development planning of banana in Indonesia
Evaluasi sumber daya lahan untuk perencanaan pengembangan tanaman pisang di Indonesia

Djohar, Herry H.; Wahyunto
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Pertemuan Teknis Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat Bidang Potensi Sumber Daya Lahan; Bogor; 18-21 February 1993; Karama, A.S.(ed); Suhardjo, H (ed); Djamuddin, D(ed); Suwarto(ed); Mulyani (ed); Bogor; Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat; 1993; p131-151

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101064

Study on the feed supply pattern for goat bred in Jeneponto district
Studi pola penyediaan pakan untuk ternak kambing di kabupaten Jeneponto

Ella, A.; Paat, P.C.; Salam, R.
Gowa Research Station for Livestock; Ujung Pandang; South Sulawesi; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi Peternakan, Pengolahan dan Komunikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Science and Technology of Animal Husbandry, Processing and Communication of Research Results], Ciawi Bogor 25-26 Januari 1994; Bakrie, B(ed); Haryanto, B (ed); Wina, E (ed); Kompiang, I.P.(ed); Dwiyanto, K(ed); Bogor; Balai Penelitian Ternak; 1994; Vol.1; p. 475-483

Availability :
Research Centre for Livestock; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101155

Study of hevea-based intercropping system functioning


Wibawa, Gede; Rosyid, M.Jahidin; Tambunan, Donald; Wijaya, Thomas; Gunawan, Anang
Indonesian Rubber Research Institute; Sembawa; South Sumatra; Indonesia

Progress Report; Sembawa Research Station; December 1994; 42p

Availability :
Research Centre for Estate Biotechnology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101178

'Gapi' banana (Musa paradisiaca sapientum L.) as intercrop under mature coconut plantation (A case study in Pandu village, North Sulawesi)
Pisang gapi (Musa paradisiaca sapientum L.) sebagai tanaman sela diantara kelapa dewasa (kasus desa Pandu, Sulawesi Utara)

Polnaja, C.M.; Kindangen, J.G.; Torar, DJ
Research Institute for Coconut (RIC); Manado; North Sulawesi; Indonesia

Buletin Balitka [Research Institute for Coconut Bulletin] 22: 27-33(1994)

Availability :
Research Centre for Estate Biotechnology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101468

Virulence of several isolates of Colletotrichum musae on banana fruit and resistance of several banana cultivars on C. musae
Virulensi beberapa isolat colletotrichum musae terhadap buah pisang dan resistensi beberapa buah kultivar pisang terhadap C.Musae

Martoredjo, Toekidjo
Indonesian Phytopathological Society; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society] Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p.755-759

Abstract:
Anthracnose in banana is caused by Colletotrichum musae (Berk.& Curt.)Arx. (Shillingford, 1976). It is not known whether C. musae which attack many banana cultivars consist of many isolates with different virulency and many banana cultivars have different resistency to anthracnose. Virulency test using a Completely Randomized Design with 5 treatments and 5 replications of some isolates of C. musae on cv.Ambon Hijau showed that isolate C. musae from cv.Raja Sepet was the most virulent, while resistency test using a Completely Randomized Design with 9 treatments and 3 replications on some banana cultivars by isolate C. musae from cv.Raja Sepet showed that the most resistant banana cultivar was Ambon Hijau. Disease intensity indicator in these experiments used the average of diameter of symptom and not the percentage of symptom area to all surface area, because we only inoculated on one site and the size of banana fruits were not the same.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101469

Distribution of banana wilt disease in Lampung Province
Penyebaran penyakit layu pisang di Propinsi Lampung

Zubir, Zulfiar
Indonesian Phytopathological Society; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society] Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p.760-764

Abstract:
Banana (M. paradisiaca) is the most widely grown fruit in Lampung province and is an important product to provide the domestic market as well as export market. Wilt disease is a significant threat to banana production. The isolated pathogens were Pseudomonas solanacearum and Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101691

Summary of banana research results of the 1989-1992 period
Rangkuman hasil penelitian pisang tahun 1989-1992

Supriyanto, Budi; Marsono
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH); Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Rapat Teknis Puslitbang Hortikultura [Proceedings of the Technical Meeting on Central Research Institute for Horticulture], Cipanas 23-24 Juni 1993; 1994; p.48-55

Abstract:
A series of research activities were performed during the period of 1981 to 1992, to study the effect of different treatments on banana. The studies revealed that the medium for micropropagation of banana is MS + 0.1 to 0.2 ppm NAA + 2 to 4 ppm BAP for initiation phase, and MS + 4.5 ppm BAP for multiplication phase. Banana cultivars suitable both for lowland as well as highland are Randah, Ambon Buai, and Toba. In addition to that the cultivars only suitable for lowland is Kapas, and for highland are Ambon Kuning, Ambon Hijau. The incidence of Fusarium oxysporum Cubense on banana in Sumatera island varies from 4.5 to 23.4% of the area. The application of lime in latosol acid soil can increased the fruit weight up to 15% and maturity varies from 9 to 15 days earlier.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101599

Inventory of banana diseases in the production centers of West Sumatra, West Java and Lampung
Inventarisasi penyakit pisang di sentra produksi Sumatera Barat, Jawa Barat dan Lampung

Sahlan; Nurhadi
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; Solok; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 6(3): 36-44(1994)

Abstract:
The experiment, aimed to inventory a major banana disease, was conducted at three banana producing centers i.e. West Sumatera, Lampung, and West Java during April 1993 and March 1994. At each province, disease examination was done on banana orchards at different cultivars and localities, a total of sixty orchards from each locality were observed visually for their morphological symptoms. The results showed that Fusarium wilt and Yellow Sigatoka were prevalence in all three banana growing provinces, whilst Bacterial wilt and Banana Bunchy-top Virus were distributed in Lampung and West Java. Twenty commercial cultivars were all attacked by Fusarium wilt, and 18 out of those were attacked by Yellow Sigatoka. Bacterial wilt and BTV were found to attack six and three cultivars respectively. Refferences of the epidemiological and economical aspects of the disease are briefly discussed.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101719

Effect of picking time and bunch cover on the quality of banana fruits cv. kepok
Pengaruh umur petik dan pembungkusan tandan terhadap mutu buah pisang kepok

Rusdianto, Ucu
Solok Research Institute for Horticulture; Solok; West Sumatra; Indonesia

Penelitian Hortikultura [Horticultural Research] 7(1): 54-64(1995)

Abstract:
This experiment was done at post harvest laboratory SORIH, from October 1991 to July 1992. The trial used was a Factorial in Randomized Block Design with two factors and 3 replications. The first factor was (1) control without cover and (2) bunch covered with polyethylene; while the second factor was harvesting time (1) 95 days, (2) 105 days, (3) 115 days and (4) 125 days after blooming. The results indicated that banana fruits cv. Kepok that were covered and harvested at 105 days after blooming gave good flesh quality. At such stage of maturity, the content of carbohydrate in the unripe banana fruit was 28.69%. Harvesting time at 125 days after blooming and bunch covering gave good performance and taste on banana fruits.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101868

Land potential for developing banana in several areas of Sumatra
Potensi lahan untuk pengembangan tanaman pisang di beberapa daerah pulau Sumatera

Wahyunto; Djohar, Herry H.; Djaenuddin, D.
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia

Risalah Seminar Hasil Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat [Proceedings of the Seminar on Research Result of Soils and Agroclimate]; Djohar, H.H.(ed); Abujamin, S(ed); Prawirasumantri, J(ed); Suwarto(ed); Mulyadi(ed); Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat; Bogor; 1993; p.39-50

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101924

Prospect of dryland development for fruit crops in Sulawesi
Prospek pengembangan lahan kering untuk tanaman buah-buahan di Sulawesi

Isa, A.Fauzi; Djohar, Herry H.; Djamaludin, D.
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Temu Konsultasi Sumberdaya Lahan untuk Pembangunan Kawasan Timur Indonesia [Proceedings of the Consultative Meeting of Land Resources for the Development of Indonesian East Area]; Suhardjo, H(ed); Adiningsih, J.S(ed); Mulyani, A(ed); Irawan(ed); Syamsulbahri, R(ed); Aprillani, S.E.(ed); Palu, 17-20 Januari 1994; Makalah Penunjang; Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat dan Pemerintah Propinsi Daerah Tingkat I Sulawesi Tengah; Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat; Bogor; 1994; p.41-47

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101979

Food plant resources diversity of Dani society, Irian Jaya and its conservation perspective
Keanekaragaman sumberdaya tumbuhan bahan pangan masyarakat Dani, Irian Jaya dan perspektif pelestariannya

Purwanto, Y.; Walujo, Eko B.
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); LIPI; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia; Jakarta; Buku 2; 1995; p500-510

Abstract:
The traditional life of Dani people who residing in Balim valley was wholly depend on their surrounding natural resources. A review of the diversity of plants used for food resources is discussed based on the ethnobotanical data. Utilization, conservation and management knowledge was also presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102049

Effects of coconut water, zeolite and series subculture on the multiplication ability of shoots of banana cv. Tanduk in vitro
Pengaruh air kelapa, zeolit, dan subkultur beruntun terhadap daya multiplikasi tunas pisang tanduk secara in vitro

Wiendi, N.M.A.
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

S2 Thesis; Bogor; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 66 p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102073

Estimation of fresh storage time of banana cv. Lampung in a modified atmospheric storage system
Pendugaan masa simpan segar pisang lampung dalam sistem penyimpanan atmosfir termodifikasi

Efendi, R.
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

S2 Thesis; Bogor; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 104 p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102086

Propagation of cavendish banana seedlings in vitro
Perbanyakan bibit pisang cavendish secara in vitro culture

Widyastuti, Netty
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biologi XI Ujung Pandang, 20-21 Juli 1993; Penyunting, Hassan, M.; A.Mattimu; J.G.Nelwan; M.Litray; 1: 116-128(1995)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102207

Effects of KMnO4 in inhibiting fruit ripening of 'talas' banana (Musa paradisiaca)
Pengaruh KMnO4 dalam memperlambat kematangan buah pisang talas (Musa paradisiaca)

Noordihayati; Hardiansyah; Yusrah
Kalimantan Scientiae 12(33): 19-25(1994)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102223

Effects of harvesting age, storage and rifening methodes on the physical and chemical characteristics of banana cv. Raja Sereh
Pengaruh umur panen dan cara penyimpanan serta cara pemeraman terhadap sifat fisiko kimia pisang raja sereh

Eliyasmi, Rifma
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

S2 thesis; Bogor; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 108p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102770

Quality improvement of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) fruits by physical and chemical treatments
Perbaiakan mutu buah pisang (Musa paradisiaca L.) dengan perlakuan fisik dan kimia

Hidayat, R.; Latifah
Pembangunan Nasional University; Surabaya; East Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the Symposium on Malang National Horticulture], 8-9 November 1994; Eds.(Wardiyati, T., dkk) PHI-FP Unibraw; Book I; 1995; p148-153

Abstract:
Banana has economic value and high potential as fruit export and fulfilling local demand. Thus, banana products have bright prospects to develop in PJPT II. But, usually farmer's have constraints in quality fruits. The quality of banana fruits were very low, because bananas don't have good stalks, too many fruits and lose compact in one stalk. Therefore shape, size, colour and individual maturity level of fruits are not compact. The estimation of bananas in marketing process showed more than 40% fruits damaged or decrease in quality. So, the fruits of bananas needed handling fresh fruits to deffence and shower decrease of fruit quality. For that reason, the purpose of this research was to increase quality of banana fruits with physical and chemical treatment. The results of this research indicated that banana fruits could be increased its quality, with plant growth substance cytokinin (BA), fruits thinning and fruits covering.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102846

Effect of irradiation on enzymes of banana (Musa paradisiaca)
Pengaruh iradiasi terhadap enzim buah pisang (Musa paradisiaca)

Aryanti; Winarno, Ermin; Nurhidayati; Sinaga, R.
Centre for the Application of Isotope and Radiation; Jakarta; Indonesia

Agritech 14(2): 32-36(1994)

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of irradiation on the activity of pectinesterase, peroxidase, poluphenoloxidase enzymes and their isoenzymes respectively. Bananas were irradiated at the dosages of 0; 0.15; 0.3 and 0.45 kGy and stored at 22oC and RH 70-80%. The results showed that irradiation at the dosages of 0.15; 0.3 and 0.45 kGy could reduce pectinesterase activity by 4.52; 16.96 and 18.57% respectively. The activity of peroxidase were reduce by irradiation at the dosages of 0.3 and 0.45 kGy by 16.37 and 21.81% and polyphenoloxidase were 19.67 and 24.52% lower than the control. The intensity of irradiated samples were lower than those of control. Irradiation dosages of 0.3 kGy could be used to prolong the shelf-life of bananas up to three weeks; the firmness, L., a and b values of this irradiation level were higher than those of the control, and those of the irradiated at the dosages of 0.15 and 0.45 kGy up to two weeks.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102981

Fertilization of banana cv. Barangan raised from tissue culture in South Sulawesi
Pemupukan pisang barangan asal kultur jaringan di Sulawesi Selatan

Agussalim; Hutagalung, Lukman
Jeneponto Research Station for Horticulture; Jeneponto; South Sulawesi; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the Symposium on Malang National Horticulture], 8-9 November 1994; Eds.(Wardiyati, T., dkk.) PHI-FP.Unibraw; Buku II: 646-651(1995)

Abstract:
The acreage of banana plantation in Indonesia during 1993 was 135, 065 ha with the yield of 18.30 t/ha. Product potency reached 10 t/ha. Productivity reached at present was increased because cultivars cultivated were still variable and the technology used was still traditionally. Using modern technologies, e.g. using tissue culture, fertilization and intensive treatments could increasing yield, farmers' income and could expanded field of labours.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102963

Advantage of fruit bagging of banana cv. Ambon kuning from the fruitset until harvesting on the fresh quality
Manfaat pembrongsongan pisang ambon kuning mulai dari pembentukan buah sampai siap panen terhadap mutu segarnya

Muhadjir, Imam
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH); Pasar Minggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the Symposium on Malang National Horticulture], 8-9 November 1994; Eds.(Wardiyati, T., dkk.) PHI-FP Unibraw; Buku II: 948-959(1995)

Abstract:
The advantage of bagging on banana cv. Ambon Kuning during fruit setting and harvesting, concentrations of insecticide and fungicide had been used to predict the quality interms of the homogenity among the fingers and hands in the bunch of fruit physically also physiological, chemical and organoleptic quality as well as latent infection activity on banana cv. Ambon Kuning from Agrowisata Banana Plantation in Banyuwangi East Java. This paper presents that based on the type of bags used, showed that the blue color plastic bag was the best interms of latent infection activity protection, especially for vector and the development of stem rot. The use of blue color plastic bag in combination with insecticide Nogos 1250 ppm and fungicide Benomyl 150 ppm was the best interms of physical, postharvest disease and organoleptic quality and it is also true when compared to the other color of plastic bag and its combination. Specially in the protection of latent infection activity due to the vector, the use of silver color plastic in combination with insecticide Nogos 1250 ppm was the best.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102994

Handling of 'epe' banana in South Sulawesi and its economic analysis
Penanganan pisang epe di Sulawesi Selatan dan analisis ekonominya

Nurjanani; Dewayani, Wanti; Sunanto; Hutagalung, Lukman
Jeneponto Research Station for Horticulture; South Sulawesi; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the Symposium on Malang National Horticulture], 8-9 November 1994; Eds.(Wardiyati, T., dkk.) PHI-FP.Unibraw; Buku II: 869-874(1995)

Abstract:
For South Sulawesi community, especially the people domiciled at Ujung Pandang and the surroundings, Pisang 'epe' had known and become as favorite food by interested person. This product of banana was not only consumed by South Sulawesi community but also by the community out of South Sulawesi who come to Ujung Pandang. The experiment with survay method was conducted at Ujung Pandang on August 1993. As sample unit was Pisang 'epe' which was selected randomly, consisted of 10 respondents. The result showed that inputs of banana cv. Kepok, brown sugar, coconuts, durian fruits, jointly have significant effect of income. But as individual, the input which had significant effect on income was brown sugar and durian fruits. Business in pisang 'epe' have gave benefit of Rp.36.628, 00, -/person/day with R/C ratio 2.48.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103004

In vitro culture of banana floral apices
Kultur ujung malai bunga pisang secara in vitro

Meldia, Yeni; Mansyah, Ellina; Ismiyati
Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the Symposium on Malang National Horticulture], 8-9 November 1994; Eds.(Wardiyati, T., dkk.) PHI-FP.Unibraw; Buku I: 256-261(1995)

Abstract:
This experiment was conducted at Solok Research Institute for Horticulture, Laboratory of In Vitro culture from May 1992 till March 1993. The experiment was aimed to find out the development of floral apices of banana explant and to study the possibility of occuring spontaneous mutation on in vitro culture of banana. The treatments was composed of the combination of plant growth regulators in the medium (2, 4-D and BAP) and the physical form of medium (liquid and solid). In the early stage of the culture the sterilized explants were cultured on MS medium with and without plant growth regulators namely: (1) MS + no growth regulator; (2) MS + 1.0 ppm 2, 4-D; (3) MS + 2.0 ppm 2, 4-D; (4) MS + 1.0 ppm BAP; (5) MS + 2.0 ppm BAP; (6) MS + 1.0 ppm 2, 4-D + 1.0 ppm BAP; (7) MS + 1.0 ppm 2, 4-D + 2.0 ppm BAP; (8) MS + 2, 0 ppm 2, 4-D + 1, 0 ppm BAP and (9) MS + 2.0 ppm 2, 4-D + 2, 0 ppm BAP. Parameters observed in this experiment were the development of explant, the time of bud or callus formation the number of buds or calli, colour and morphology of callus. The results showed that until the fourth week, the explants on both physical form of media became larger. However, explants on liquid medium were larger than those on solid medium. The colour of callus on liquid medium was light yellow, while the explants on solid medium was brownish yellow. Only explants on solid medium of MS + 1.0 ppm 2, 4-D + 2.0 ppm BAP was able to produce white calli (20%) 4 months after culturing. On the contrary, in further subculturing the growth of calli was better on solid of MS + 2, 0 ppm BAP. The colour of callus was white.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103007

Fertility and compatibility of banana flowers
Fertilitas dan kompatibilitas bunga pisang

Wardiyati, Tatik; Kuswanto
Faculty of Agriculture; Brawijaya University; Malang; East Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the Symposium on Malang National Horticulture], 8-9 November 1994; Eds.(Wardiyati, T., dkk.) PHI-FP.Unibraw; Buku I: 292-296(1995)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to study the pollen fertility and pollination compatibility in banana cvs. Ambon (AAA), Raja (AAB), Emas (ABB) and Batu (BB). The mother plants were grown in Experimental Field, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University (300 m above sea level), having C2 (Oldeman) climate and latosol soil type. Pollens collected from male flower during dry season (June-August 1994) were tested using iki for their fertility. It was found that all cultivar produced fertile pollen in different level of fertility (10-90%). Pollen which inoculated in agar germinated after 24 hours i.e. Batu 90% and Kepok 3%. To study their pollen compatibility, hand pollination was conducted in complete combination among 5 cultivars, and covered by plastic bag after pollination. As control the remaining hands were not covered and free pollinated. The result showed that only Batu x Batu produced seed both the control and hand pollination, but the unpollinated flower and covered would not produce full fruit and seedless. It concluded that in balbisiana, the pollens are compatible and parthenocarphy, while in acuminata is parthenocarpy (seedless). The seed number produced by Batu x Batu was 200-364 by hand pollination and less than 200 per finger by free pollination.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103015

Germplasm collection of banana in Yogyakarta, one of the development means of horticultural biotechnology, natural and cultural resources conservation
Kebun plasma nutfah pisang di Yogyakarta salah satu sarana pengembangan bioteknologi hortikultura, pelestarian sumberdaya alam dan budaya

Riyati, Rati; Soetarya
Faculty of Agriculture; Pembangunan Nasional "Veteran" University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the Symposium on Malang National Horticulture], 8-9 November 1994; Eds.(Wardiyati, T., dkk.) PHI-FP.Unibraw; Buku I: 341-345(1995)

Abstract:
Banana is a unique plant. It is very adaptable to different agro- climates and has many kind of usage, i.e. science technology, economic and cultural living. In the science and technology sector, especially biotechnology the most important is the availability of germplasm in sustainable. It is needed to improve the quality of banana, and then can be expected to increase sosial properity. Besides, in the cultural living, especially in Java, each part of plant contributes traditional activities with high value. The traditional activities is nation culture of Indonesia. Nowadays it is irony, that those activities are unknown by young generation. The garden of germplasm of banana in Yogyakarta intends to preserve our natural and cultural resources.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103042

Preliminary report on the occurence of banana streack virus (BSV) infecting banana plants in Indonesia
Laporan pertama mengenai kehadiran banana streak virus (BSV) pada tanaman pisang di Indonesia

Sulyo, Yoyo; Muharam, A.; Rahardjo, I.B.; B.E.Lockhart
Segunung Research Station for Horticulture; Cianjur; West java; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the Symposium on Malang National Horticulture], 8-9 November 1994; Eds.(Wardiyati, T., dkk.) PHI-FP Unibraw; Book I: 550-553(1995)

Abstract:
Viral diseases has become one of the major constraints on banana production in Indonesia. A study on the characterization of a suspected viral disease showing leaf streak symptoms on leaves of the diseased Cavendish plant was conducted in Segunung Research Station for Horticulture and the Laboratory of Plant Pathology of Minnesota University, USA. Based on the particle morphology, serological relationship with banana streak virus (BSV), the spcifity of its vector, and non mechanically transmitted, the diseased banana plant exhibiting streak symptoms was caused by BSV. This is the first report on the occurence of BSV on banana in Indonesia.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103096

Pattern of land use between mango, banana and soursop intercropped with vegetable
Pola pemanfaatan lahan diantara tanaman mangga pisang dan sirsak dengan sayuran

Hutagalung, Lukman
Jeneponto Research Station for Horticulture; South Sulawesi; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the Symposium on Malang National Horticulture], 8-9 November 1994; Eds. (Wardiyati, T., dkk.) PHI-FP Unibraw; Book II; 1995; p603-607

Abstract:
A field experiment in South Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, Maluku and Irian Jaya was conducted to find out the vegetables cultivars which suitable and profitable to cultivated in land between young mango, banana and planting with spacing 8m x 12m; 4m x 6m and 4m x 6m, respectively. Some vegetables which planting is hot pepper, tomato, cabbage, long bean and eggplant. The vegetables was planted with spacing 50 cm x 60 cm (tomato, hot pepper, cabbage, eggplant) and 25cm x 75cm (long bean) about 100 cm from fruit trees. The result experiment showed that land utilization between young trees mango, banana and soursop with vegetables are suitable and profitable to developed. If fruit orchard is monoculture, the vegetables cultivars wich profitable cultivated among mango, trees is tomato and hot pepper (South Sulaesi, B/C ratio 2.66-2.77); hot pepper, tomato, cabbage and long bean (Central Sulawesi, B/C ratio 1.46-4.47); hot pepper and tomato (Maluku, B/C ratio 1.92-2.55) and hot pepper, tomato, cabbage and long bean (B/C ratio 2.54-8.83). Tomato and hot pepper (B/C ratio 1.20-2.50) is profitable cultivated among soursop trees and long bean and eggplant (B/C ratio 1.87-1.88) is profitable cultivated between banana trees. If fruits trees is combination, the vegetable cultivars which profitable cultivation among mango + Banana + soursop is tomato and hot tomato and hot pepper. But cabbage is profitable cultivated between mango + banana and mango + soursop trees.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103209

Development of chilling injury on banana cv. Lady Finger stored at low temperature
Perkembangan chilling injury pada pisang lady finger yang disimpan pada suhu rendah

Mahendra, MS; Wills, RBH; Scott, KJ
Department Agriculture; Science Technology; Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Udayana; Denpasar

Majalah Ilmiah Unud [Udayana University Research Bulletin] 19(34): 151-156 (1992)

Abstract:
Fruits of banana cv. Lady Finger stored at 0 and 5 oC exhibited chilling injury after 2 days, and there was a significant increase in the time to symptom appearance when the temperature of fruits increased from 7, 5 to 10 oC. The apparent symptoms of chilling injury were surface pitting, external discolouration, necrotic areas, and a smoky to dark or black peel colour. Fruit stored at 12.5 oC ripened normally with very slight injury. No fruits of this cultivar exhibited chilling injury symptoms at 15 oC.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103218

Storage of fresh banana fruits in polyethylene bags of various sizes
Penyimpanan buah pisang segar dalam berbagai ukuran kantong polietilen

Made Sudiana Mahendra
Department of Agriculture Science and Technology; Faculty of Agriculture; Udayana University; Denpasar

Majalah Ilmiah Unud [Udayana University Research Bulletin] 19(31): 130-134 (1992)

Abstract:
Studies with modified atmospheres showed that storage in low density polyethylene bags increased the storage life of banana cv. Lady Finger by one to two weeks. Significant correlation between time to ripen at 20 oC (y) and concentration of CO2 or O2 measured after 3 days (x) were: u=17.1 + 2.7 x, with r=0.93 (P<0.01), and y= 38.4 - 0.68 x, with r= -0.85 (P<0.01), respectively.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103458

Variation of anatomical structure of banana peels found at Purwokerto
Variasi struktur anatomi kulit buah pisang yang terdapat di Kotatif Purwokerto

Sumarsono; Suwandi, Harsini; Sanyoto
Faculty of Biology; Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia

Research Report; Purwokerto; Faculty of Biology; Jenderal Soedirman University; 1994; 53p

Abstract:
Banana (Musa sp.) as one of economical commodity product has an important role in Indonesia. Many people like banana as it has delicious taste and contain protein, carbohydrate, vitamin, mineral and fat. Ambon, Raja, Emas and Susu banana are the cultivars known as the dessert fruits and they have high commercial values. There are many cultivars of banana that should be previously boiled or fried. Hundred cultivars of bananas discovered in Indonesia with various shape and type. Purwokerto district has a suitable condition for banana cultivation as it has location on the slope of Mt.Slamet. Banana like other fruits as commodity products has a susceptible properties, it could be easily affected by some disadvantage factors that deteriorate it. Deterioration of banana fruit could be distinguished by looking at it's texture and colour. The research was aimed to find out the variation of anatomical structure of banana peels and it's thickness. A survey method was used in this research; material consisted of banana fruit were collected from Kotatip Purwokerto. Peels of banana fruit was observed for its anatomical and thickness, permanent slides were made. The research collected 18 kinds of banana i.e. Lempeneng, Susu, Longok, Raja Badung, Kepok, Raja, Nagasari, Ambon Kuning, Ambon Rayun, Ambon Lumut, Emas, Gebrot ijo, Ampyang, Rayap, Cangkel, Renda, Utri and Jambe. The research also obtained that banana peels consisted of epidermal, hypodermal and sclerenchym layer, where the Renda, Utri, Jambe, hypodermal area made up of parenchymal cells sclerenchymous fibers and oily cells. The average of the biggest peels, has the thickness of 3.56 mm (namely Ambon rayun and Longok cultivar) and the thinnest was cv. Utri (2.53 mm). The average of sclerenchymous fibers diameters were 19 u (cv. Utri), where as others were 7.6 u (Ambon kuning, Ambon rayun and Ambon lumut cultivars). The biggest density of sclerenchymous fibers were Emas, Rayap, Utri and Cangkel cultivars (4 fruits/0.578 mm2). The smallest density of sclerenhymous fibers were Ambon kuning, Ambon raun and Ambon lumut (2 fruits/0.578 mm2). The high diameter of sclerenchymatous fibers and it's density, will resistant to mechanical and rottening factors. The research was concluded that there were three layers of banana peels i.e. epidermal, hypodermal and aerenchymal areas. Banana peels layer had a range thickness of 2.53-3.72 mm and sclerenchymal fibers density were 2 fruits/0.578 mm2 - 4 fruits/0.578 mm2.

Availability :
Library; Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 103548

Effect of manggo (Mangifera indica) seed meal and banana (Musa sp) peel meal in formulating ration of male indigeneous goat
Pengaruh penggunaan tepung biji mangga (Mangifera indica) dan tepung kulit pisang (Musa sp) dalam penyusunan ransum kambing lokal jantan

Suparwi; Amsar; Sudibyo
Faculty of Animal Husbandry; Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia

Research Report; Purwokerto; Faculty of Animal Husbandry; Jenderal Soedirman University; 1993; 74p

Abstract:
The effect of mango (Mangifera indica L.) seed meal and banana (Musa sp.) peel meal in formulating ration of male indigeneous goat. The feed cost would be the most part of total production cost. Different efforts were need for seeking feedstuff that high in nutrient content, easy to supply and useful for the livestock diets. The waste of mango seeds and banana peel were found in Banyumas district in bulky. The usage of them as the great feed, however, had never been studied. The aim of this experiment was to study the usage of mango seed meal and banana peel meal in the male indigenous goat diet on the nutrient digestibilities, gain and feed efficiency. There were 12 heads of male indigenous goat involved in the experiment. They were about four to six months old and they were divided into three diseases of initial body weight. The class of body weight were: light clase (77.9 q 5.1 onces), medium class (91 q 1.3 onces) and heavy class (106.3 q 4.8 onces). There were four heads of male indigenous goat each class. There were four for formula of concentrates that constituted from 15 and 30 percents of manggo seed meal, and 15 and 30 percents of banana peel meal. A Completely Block Design with replicates was applied in that experiment. The experiment had been conducted in the sub Experimental Station of the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University at Purwokerto since August till December 1992. The experimental result indicated that the ration of 30 percents of manggo seed meal had more role (P<0.01) than the other one (15 percents of mango seed meal) on the average daily gain of that male seed meal on the male indigenous goat.

Availability :
Library; Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 103624

Effect of application time of Gibberellin (GA3) and cytozime on the biological result in the initial growth of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.)
Pengaruh saat pemberian gibberelin (GA3) dan cytozime terhadap hasil biologi pada petumbuhan awal tanaman pisang (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Santoso, Juli; Wijono, Teguh
Majalah Ilmiah Pembangunan [Foundation Science Journal] 4(5): 101-106(1994)

Abstract:
In order to know and learn the time of Gibberellin (GA3) and Cytozyme should be treated on the biological result of the initial growth of banana can be obtained about the description of the quality and the quantity of banana plant. However the quality of banana seeds should also be considered in order that the beginning of banana growth hopefully will produce banana which is good quality. The result of this research showed that there was an interaction on the treatment of Gibberellin (GA3) and Cytozime to the biological result on the banana plant on the beginning growth, and the highest production from the biological result was G1C2 when Gibberellin was treated on the seedings and Cytozime was treated while it was on the seeding and transplanting.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103608

Fruit cultivation in the farmyards in the rural areas of South Sumatra: The diversity of inter-farmyards and the similarity of intra-farmyards
Budidaya buah-buahan pada lahan pekarangan di pedesaan Sumatra Selatan; Keragaman intra-pekarangan dan kesamaan antar-pekarangan

Lakitan, Benyamin
Faculty of Agriculture; Sriwijaya University; Palembang; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the Symposium on Malang National Horticulture], 8-9 November 1994; Eds.(Wardiyati, T., dkk.) PHI-FP Unibraw; Buku I: 420-425(1995)

Abstract:
Research on diversity and similarity of fruit crops grown at farmyard in rural area South Sumatra was conducted at 40 villages in Muara Enim and Musi Banyuasin districts from July, 1992 to February, 1993. Results of the research suggested that farmyard in rural area South Sumatra were cultivated with many species of fruit crops. Diversity indices were high but dominance indices were low, indicating large number of fruit crop species grown at farmyard but with few individu for each species. Based on values of similarity indices, it can be concluded that fruit crops grown were similar among villages studied, except for 2 villages at highland and 1 coastal village with permanently submerged farmyard.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103623

Effect of liftonic liquid fertilizer injection into banana pseudo-stem on the appearance of fruits
Pengaruh injeksi pupuk cair liftonik pada batang semu terhadap munculnya buah pisang

Wijono, Teguh
Majalah Ilmiah Pembangunan [Foundation Science Journal] 4(5): 79-84(1994)

Abstract:
The aim of this research was to know about the response of the plant from the Liftonic liquid fertilizer which was treated through injection on the pseudo stem to increase the banana production. The research was carried out in Perkebunan PT.Horti Nusantara, Gondang, Mojokerto with the altitude about 200 m above sea level. From this research we can explain that the injection of fertilizer liftonic which which is treated through the pseudo banana stem with the concentration 10 cc per liter water and it is treated once in 10 days when the stem is about 4-6 months. This can be shortened into 2 months to the rise of the banana tobe, and the amount of banana bunch can be multiplied.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103610

Effectiveness of APRESI banana drying machine ENERGY ON 'sale' banana agroindustry at Pameungpeuk
Peningkatan efisiensi penggunaan energi mesin pengering APESSI pada agroindustri pisang sale di Pemeungpeuk

Wahjudin, M.; Sutrisno; Ananto, Eko
Sukamandi Research Institute for Food Crops (SURIF); Cikampek; West Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the National Horticulture Symposium], Malang 8-9 November 1994; Eds.(Wardiyati, T., et al.) PHI-FP Unibraw; Book I: 980-984(1995)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted in Pameungpeuk, Garut from June to August 1994 in order to increase energy efficiency of APESSI roasted banana drier in Pameungpeuk agroindustry. The result of experimentation indicated that APESSI drier efficiency could be increased by adding its load capacity about twice until 200 kg banana, although drying time increased about 2 hours, but energy could be saved about kerosene 3.82 l, premium 5.69 l, husk fuel 3.38 saca and firewood 2.83 bundles. The cost that was saved by this method about Rp.9.162. In the other hand energy efficiency could be conducted also by stooped APESSI drier operation as long as 1 hour, that was between third and fourth hours, at banana pressing operation time. The second method, energy could be saved about: kerosene 0.49 l, premium 0.7 l, husk 0.4 sacs and firewood about 0.47 bundle. The cost that was saved by this about Rp.1.152. Thus, by combination those two methods, energy that was saved about kerosene 4.31 l, premium 6.39 l, husk 3.78 sack and firewood about 3.3 bundles. Cost that was saved by combination this two method about Rp 10.314. It means the same profit for agroindustry.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103859

Potency and prospect of tuber crops in diversification programme
Ubi-ubian potensi dan prospeknya untuk dimanfaatkan dalam program diversifikasi

Widodo, Y.
Media Komunikasi dan Informasi Pangan [Media of Communication and Information of Food] 6(22): 46-55(1995)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103862

Quality of fruit juice made from some cultivars of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.)
Mutu anggur sari buah yang dibuat dari beberapa jenis pisang (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Indriyani
Majalah Universitas Jambi [Jambi University Journal] (42): 28-35(1994)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103928

Ripening technology of three banana cultivars using carbide and the effect on quality
Teknologi pematangan tiga kultivar pisang budidaya dengan karbit dan pengaruhnya terhadap kualitas

Setyowati-Indarto, N.; Harahap, R.
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia

Seminar Tahunan Perkembangan Penelitian Teknik Pertanian [Annual Seminar of Research Development on Agricultural Technics]; Bogor, 18 Juni 1996; p.B12-2 - B12-10

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103949

Effects of semperfresh layering and storage condition on storability of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) cv. Ambon fruit
Pengaruh pelapisan semperfresh dan kondisi penyimpanan terhadap daya simpan buah pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Rahasiwi, G.
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 59p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103980

Improvement of ripening quality of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) using acetylene gas
Perbaikan kualitas pemasakan pisang (Musa paradisiaca L.) dengan gas asetilen

Kurniati, Metty; Yudiono, Kukuk
Prosiding Simposium Hortikultura Nasional Malang [Proceedings of the Symposium on Malang National Horticulture], 8-9 November 1994 Eds.(Wardiyati, T., dkk.) PHI-FP Unibraw Buku II: 934-941(1995)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 104086

Formulation and evaluation of infant food quality from cassava and banana flours as raw material
Formulasi dan evaluasi mutu makanan anak balita dari bahan dasar tepung singkong dan pisang

Sumartha, I Gde
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

S2 Thesis; Bogor; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 165p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104087

Development of formula on infant food product from mixture raw material of cassava and banana flours
Pengembangan formula produk makanan balita dari bahan dasar campuran tepung singkong dan tepung pisang

Sulaeman, Ahmad
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

S2 Thesis; Bogor; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 113p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104101

Effect of soaking of banana flesh fruit in ascorbic acid solution on quality of banana flour during storage in ambient temperature
Pengaruh perendaman daging buah pisang dalam larutan asam askorbat terhadap mutu tepung pisang selama penyimpanan pada suhu kamar

Kandau, Jenny E.A.
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

S2 Thesis; Bogor; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 133p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104213

Study on characteristics of 'chip' drying of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) cv. Ambon
Mempelajari karakteristik pengeringan 'chip' pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.)

Wijaya, V.S.D.
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 110p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104279

Effects of storage duration in modified air and potassium- permanganate on quality of banana (Musa paradisiaca L. Group AAA) cv. Ambon
Pengaruh lama penyimpanan dalam udara termodifikasi dan kalium permanganat terhadap kualitas buah pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L. Group AAA)

Yuliawan
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 58p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 106261

Utilization of banana peels as feed of Ongole cows
Penggunaan kulit pisang sebagai pakan pada sapi peranakan Ongole

Karto, A.A.
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains & Teknologi Peternakan, Pengolahan & Komunikasi Hasil Penelitian [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Science and Technology of Animal Husbandry, Processing and Communication of Research Result], Ciawi-Bogor 25-26 Januari 1995; 1: 126-131 (1995)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 105712

Curing characteristic on processing of "pisang sale" using infra-red lamp drier
Karakteristik curing terhadap pembuatan sale pisang dengan pemanas lampu infra merah

Haikal, M.
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1995; 79p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 106343

Study on fruit maturity level of banana cv. Barangan
Mengetahui tingkat kematangan pisang barangan

Untung, O.
Trubus 26(303): 70-71(1995)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106377

Twelve commercial bananas
Duabelas pisang komersial

Ria A.
Trubus 27(318): 10-12(1996)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106378

Advantage of banana seedlings raised by tissue culture
Keuntungan bibit pisang kultur jaringan

Utami K.P.
Trubus 27(318): 14-15(1996)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106384

Intensive gardening of bananas
Berkebun pisang intensif

Sarwono, B.
Trubus 27(318): 1-16(1996)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106392

Variegated Musa paradisiaca is a unique ornamental banana
Musa paradisiaca variegata pisang hias yang unik

Ria A.; Langelo, H.H.
Trubus 27(319): 30-31(1996)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106449

Fruit storability of banana (Musa sp.) cv. Ambon using repeated polyethelene packages and various cold sulins
Daya simpan buah pisang (Musa sp.) varietas Ambon dengan pengemas kantong plastik berulang dan berbagai sulin dingin

Sumiati
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 106p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 106467

Study on the flour processing of banana cvs. Ambon and Badak
Studi proses pembuatan tepung pisang Ambon dan pisang Badak

Purnomo, M.
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 63p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 106503

Effect of the application of pectinase enzyme on the fruit quality of banana cv. Ambon kuning
Pengaruh penggunaan enzim pektinase terhadap mutu buah pisang Ambon kuning

Siswanto, P.
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 70p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 106688

Effect of wrapping materials on the postharvest quality of banana cv. Ambon Kuning
Pengaruh bahan pemberongsong terhadap mutu pasca panen pisang Ambon Kuning

Nurtama, Budi; Muhajir, Imam; Wismaya Putra, Dewa Ketut
Department of Nutrition and Food Technology; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Teknologi dan Industri Pangan [Technology and Food Industry Bulletin] 6(3): 22-27(1995)

Abstract:
The objective of this research was to determine the best wrapping materials on the postharvest quality of banana cv. Ambon kuning. Two kind of wrapping materials, i.e. blue and silver polythylene were studied. Parameters observed were respiration rate, physiological changes, chemical factors, and organoleptic atributes. Results showed that peak of climateric occured at the day of 8, 9 and 10 for blue polyethylene, silver polyethylene and without wrapping material treatments, respectively. Silver polyethylene gave the least physiological changes when compared to other treatments. However, blue polyethylene gave the best quality of banana based on the vitamin C, moisture content, firmness, and color of fruit skin. Organoleptic scores on appearance, texture, and taste also showed that blue polyethylene treatment gave the highest scores for all of those attributes.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 106799

Fungi causing crown rot disease on banana cv. Rajabulu and their control
Kapang penyebab busuk crown pada pisang Rajabulu dan cara pengendaliannya

Waspodo, Murtiningsih; Prabawati, Sulusi; Muhajir, Imam
Central Research Institute for Horticulture (CRIH); Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Jurnal Hortikultura [Horticultural Journal] 5(3): 70-75(1995)

Abstract:
The experiment aimed was to find out the control crown rot diseases on banana fruit. Rajabulu cultivar were obtained from farmer plantation and bought from wholesaler, retailers, and supermarket, respectively. The crown rot diseases were invetoried, isolated and multiplied on PDA medium, identified and followed by pathogenicity testing. The diseases were controlled by treating in hot water at 55oC and heat vapour combination coating in wax, wax + Benomyl and lime paste. The study was designed due to Completely Randomized Design with 5 replications. The results showed that the cause of crown rot diseases were Colletotrichum sp., Botryodiplodia sp., Fusarium sp., Penicillium sp., and Rhizopus sp. The most effective to control crown rot was coating the harvested mature banana with was + 500 ppm Benomyl. The treated fruit started ripening and indicating first symptoms of finger and crown rot diseases, respectively at 10.45; 11.46 and 13 days at ambient conditions. But coating the crown with lime paste was sufficient for controlling crown rot. Its could delay infected crown and finger up to 11.62 and 11.57 days. The treated fruit started ripening at 10.50 days at ambient conditions. The user will have benefit through prolong storage life of the banana.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 107167

Aclimatitation and seeding of banana from tissue culture
Aklimatisasi dan pembibitan pisang asal kultur jaringan

Saleh, M.; Suhartono; Priyono
Warta Pusat Penelitian Kopi dan Kakao [Research Institute for Coffee and Cocoa News] 12(2): 101-106(1996)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107174

Trial test on processing technology of cassava, banana and sweet potato in transmigration area
Uji coba teknologi proses pengolahan singkong, pisang dan ubi jalar di daerah transmigrasi

Kasmawarni; Erdiyati; Zafrullah; Minarsih; Nawawi; Nurdin L., M.
Uji coba Teknologi Proses Pengolahan Singkong, Pisang dan Ubi Jalar di daerah Transmigrasi [Try Test on Processing Technology of Cassava, Banana and Sweet Potato in Transmigration Area]; Balitbang Industri; Banda Aceh; 1995; 23p

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107342

Effects of yeast concentration and fermentation duration on chemical characteristic changes and taste of banana (Musa sp.) fermented
Pengaruh kadar ragi dan lama fermentasi terhadap perubahan kimiawi (sifat kimia) dan citarasa tape pisang (Musa sp.) yang dihasilkan

Putri, T.B.
Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1993; 100p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 107347

Effects of soaking duration and sodium metabisulphites concentration on banana flour produced
Lama perendaman dan konsentrasi natrium metabisulfit pengaruhnya terhadap tepung pisang yang dihasilkan

Sugiarto, W.
Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1993; 94p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 107349

Effect of addition of bean sprout extract and acid on fermentation of some species of banana (Musa paradisiaca) peel on alcohol production
Pengaruh penambahan ekstrak kecambah dan asam pada fermentasi beberapa jenis kulit pisang (Musa paradisiaca) terhadap produksi alkohol

Aripin
Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1993; 66p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 107633

Water availability in farming pattern of coconut, cocoa and banana in 'PTP' Arya Dwipantara, North Lampung
Ketersediaan air pada pola usahatani kelapa, kakao, dan pisang di Perkebunan PT Arya Dwipantara Lampung Utara

Supriadi, H.; Sudjarmoko, B.
Forum Komunikasi Penelitian Kelapa dan Palma [Communication Forum on Coconut and Palm Research] (425/X/94): 75-83(1994)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107701

Performance and contains of banana marketing in Lampung


Sudaryanto, T.; Purwoto, A.
Research Centre for Agricultural Socio-Economics; Ministry of Agriculture; Bogor; Indonesia

Proceeding: Joint Symposium on Small Scale Vegetable Production and Horticultural Economics in Developing Countries, Bogor, Indonesia 23-26 June 1992; p.270-277

Abstract:
This paper describes banana marketing in Lampung as one of the banana producing centers in Indonesia. Data were collected by field survey which interviewed farmers and traders in 1991. Market structures in the region are characterized by oligopsonistic competition which was to some extent, leads to undesirable marketing practices. A high marketing margin is primarily due to high transportation costs and product losses. To promote more efficient marketing system, development of an efficient transportation network and better packaging and product handling technologies are really called for.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 107730

Exention the storage life of banana by modified atmosphere storage inside polyethylene bags
Memperpanjang masa simpan pisang secara penyimpanan atmosfir termodifikasi dalam kantong plastik polyethylene

Basuki, E.; Zaini, M.A.
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Hasil Penelitian Perguruan Tinggi [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the University Research Result], 5-9 Februari 1992, Cisarua-Bogor; 1993; p.340-355

Abstract:
Bananas determinate rapidly during storage. This experiment was carried out to study the influence of chemicals to improve atmospheric conditions on delay spoilage. Bananas were stored in plastic bags with bricks impregnated with KMnO4= 400 g/l, Ca(OH) and KOH solution. All parameters were affected by the chemicals, except colour and flafour. KMnO4 treatment gave the best result at a storage life of 3 weeks.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 107798

Utilization of bananas peel to pectin
Pemanfaatan kulit pisang menjadi pektin

Yanita, R.; Rusdi, E.
Jakarta Research and Development Institute for Industry; Jakarta; Indonesia

Majalah Ilmiah Balai Industri Tanjungkarang [Tanjungkarang Industrial Institute Scientific Journal] 3(2): 1-4(1996)

Abstract:
The aim of this research was to get a new source of pectin with useful peel of banana as main product before it become waste banana peels. This case remain that banana is the important fruits in world trading (number two) after the citrus. The experiment was used compartment design for Completely Randomized Design with three replications. The first factor was temperature which consisted of 60 (A1) 80 (A2) and 100oC (A3). The second factor was time of period which consisted of 30 (B1), 45 (B2) and 60 minutes (B3). To obtain data are examined by close kind to obtain estimated kind, then we analyse by BNJ at the exact level 5% and 1%. According to the result showed that treatment of temperature has effect the concentrate of pectin that produced by banana peels. The highest of concentrate of pectin is temperature 100oC with time of period 60 minutes, that is not significantly different from 60 and 80oC at the same time of period. The lower of concentrate of pectin is temperature 60oC with time of period 30 minutes.

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 90127

Integrated control strategies on bacterial wilt disease of tomato


Garcia, AS
SMARRDEC Abstracts of Researches p. 66; 1989-1993

Abstract:
Bacterial wilt caused by Pseudomonas solanacearum is one of the most important and widespread diseases of our economic crops such as tomato, eggplant, pepper, white potato, ginger and bananas especially in the lower elevations. Although results of some studies disclosed that a single control tactic reduces bacterial wilt incidence, it is not well known whether integrating the developed control technologies would effectively and further reduce the disease at farmer s field infested with the pathogen. Therefore a study was conducted at the Regional Crop Protection Center, Davao City from 1992 to 1993 to establish a workable scheme that would significantly reduce bacterial wilt incidence on tomatoes grown in Region XI. There were five integrated control strategies used in the study using a moderately resistant variety (Maigaya) as the main treatment and the sub-treatments; lime, chicken dung, lime and chicken dung, chicken dung and furadan. Results using a moderately resistant tomato variety (Maigaya) with lime and chicken dung showed significant reduction in the incidence of bacterial wilt to 2.5% compared with using alone a moderately resistant variety which showed a wilt incidence of 35.66%. The net benefit incurred for the former was P29, 920.00 per hectare while in the later was only P2, 592.00/ha.

Availability :
Southern Mindanao Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium; Department of Agriculture; Davao City; Philippines




NO. 12408

Starch hydrolyzing isozymes in banana fruit
Isozymes thi yoi paeng nai kluai-homkhieo

Sarnsrivichai, P
Department of Biology; Faculty of Science; Chiang Mai University; Thailand

Abstracts of the Scientific Research Conference, 12-13 December 1975, Mahidol University, Bangkok; p247-248

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 20078

Notes on extension work - January to March 1955


Agricultural Department; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 38 (2): 113-119 (1955)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20083

Notes on extension work - April to June 1955


Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 38 (3): 189-198 (1955)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20087

Notes on current investigations (Agronomy): July to September 1955


Anonymous
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 38 (4): 268-272 (1955)

Abstract:
Common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20088

Notes on current investigations, October to December 1953


Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 37 (1): 22-32 (1953)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20092

Notes on current investigations (Agronomy), January to March 1954


Anonymous
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 37 (2): 100-103 (1954)

Abstract:
Mostly common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20094

Notes on current investigations (Agronomy), April to June 1954


Anonymous
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 37 (3); 182-185 (1954)

Abstract:
Mostly common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20099

Notes on current investigations (Research), July to September 1954


Anonymous
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 37 (4): 225-232 (1954)

Abstract:
Mostly common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20100

Notes on current investigations (Agronomy), July to September 1954


Anonymous
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 37 (4): 233-237 (1954)

Abstract:
Mostly common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20103

Notes on current investigations, October to December 1952


Anonymous
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 36 (2): 36-43 (1953)

Abstract:
Mostly common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 36099

Post-harvest problems of the Bicol Region


Arboleda, JR
Bicol University R & D Journal 3 (2): ..-.. (1986)

Availability :
Research and Statistics Center; Bicol University; Legaspi; Albay; Philippines




NO. 31906

Some generally unknown facts on abaca,rice and corn diseases


Reyes, GM
Plant Industry Digest 12 (7): 35-41 (1949)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31861

The influence of corn planting and frequent indexing and roguing of infected abaca to incidence of abaca mosaic disease in the field


Gavarra, MR
Plant Industry Digest 40 (4-9): 7 (1977)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 40243

Fruits


Sillitoe,P
Social Anthropology;La Trobe University;USA

Roots of the earth: crops in the highlands of Papua New Guinea; Section 1;Washington;1983;p89-121

Availability :
Library;PNG University of Technology;Lae;Papua New Guinea




NO. 72286

Identification of Fusarium species in the Red River Delta in Vietnam
Nghien cuu xac dinh thanh phan nam Fusarium hai c$y trong

Nguyen Duc Tri
Agricultural University of Hanoi, No. I

Ket qua nghien cuu khoa hoc trong trot (1992-1993) [The results of Scientific research of planting faculty 1992-1993] Hanoi, Agricultural Pub. House:-5-189 (1994)

Abstract:
Stalk rot of corn, tangerine grey spot, mungbean dry rot, longan died and banana bulb rot are caused by Fusarial pathogens and first identified in the red river delta. Fusarium species identified consist of F. solani var. coe, F. tricinctum, F. oxysporum, F. semitectum, F. moniliforme, F. longipes. Among them, F. solani, F. moniforme, F. oxysporum and F. semitectum are very common causing various diseases on different plants in Vietnam.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 66260

Development of coconut through tissue culture in Indonesia
Pengembangan kelapa secara kultur jaringan di Indonesia

Darwis, S.N; Mariska, I
Research Institute for Coconut (RIC); Bogor; Indonesia

Industrial Crops Research Journal 1 (2): 23-26 (1989)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68638

Application of tissue culture on seed production of several industrial crops
Aplikasi kultur jaringan dalam produksi bibit pada beberapa tanaman industri

Hobir; Sukmadjaja, D; Mariska, I
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Penelitian Aplikasi Bioteknologi Kultur Jaringan pada Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Biotechnology Applied Research of Tissue Culture in Industrial Crops]; Bogor, 29 Februari 1992; Mariska, I (ed.); Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; Bogor; Seri Pengembangan (18): 51-61 (1992)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 68637

Development of biotechnological research on tissue culture of industrial crops
Perkembangan penelitian bioteknologi kultur jaringan pada tanaman industri

Mariska, I
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Penelitian Aplikasi Bioteknologi Kultur Jaringan pada Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Biotechnology Applied Research of Tissue Culture in Industrial Crops]; Bogor, 29 Februari 1992; Mariska, I (ed.); Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; Bogor; Seri Pengembangan (18): 33-39 (1992)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 37235

Survey of local medicinal plants used against livestock and poultry diseases and parasites in Ilocos Norte


Salazar, Mergelina S; Labis, Bernardo S; Longboy, Nestor D; Salazar, Jaime T
PROJECT Database; Philippine Council for Health and Resources Development

Abstract:
A survey of indigenous medicinal plants used by farmers to treat their livestock and poultry against internal and external pests/parasites was conducted on a weekly basis in the livestock auction markets of the towns of Bacarra, Badoc, and Batac, Ilocos Norte from January to May 1986.There were 222 (30.8%) out of 720 respondents who claimed to have used and are still inclined to use medicinal plants in treating the diseases of their livestock and poultry. The group who did not use medicinal plants often requested the assistance of veterinarians to treat the diseases of their animals.The respondents who fell in the range of 41-50 years old have the highest number of users of plant medicine or called on veterinarians to treat sick animals. There were 72 plant species that were revealed by the respondents that have medicinal values when given to animals. Of these, balayang (Musa errans) was the most commonly used, makabuhay (Tinospora crispa), madre de cacao (Gliricidia sepium), and dangla (Vitex negundo) with 16.7%, 13.2%, 9.6% and 6.6% frequency of usage, respectively. Other medicinal plants used, although of lesser frequency, were: tawwa-tawwa (Jatropha multifida), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), betel nut (Areca catechu), baraniw (Ocimum basilicum), coconut (Cocos nucifera), and mungbean (Phaseolus aureus). The parts commonly used for medicinal purposes were the roots, stem, bark, blossoms, leaves, suckers and shoots. The methods of preparation were decoction, pulverization, drying, extracion, eating/roasting, or as fresh plant part. These preparations are usually used singly or in combination with either water, urine, vinegar, oil, corn, grass and kerosene. The solutions or combinations were administered by oral, topical/local routes, and some were applied directly on the nests of chicken. The respondents further claimed that their frequency of administering medicinal plants ranged from 1 to 3 times a day to as many days as needed, until such time that the desired healing occur. The corresponding animal diseases which were cured by medicinal plants were fever, bloat, difficulty in urination, diarrhea, injury, foot and mouth disease and many others. Some other medicinal plants were claimed to be effective against internal and external parasites.

Availability :
CONTRIBUTING INSTITUTION: Philippine Council for Health and Resources Development; MMSU; Philippines




NO. 92023

Soil conservation and agroforestry in sloping ares of Bukidnon


Pava, H.M
Greenfields __ (2): 32-33 (1995)

Abstract:
The article recommends a pattern of planting various crops and forest trees to prevent soil erosion on maximize use of sloping farm lands.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Library; Los Ba¤os; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 66110

Postharvest handling of fruit crops
Pasca panen buah-buahan

Ambon Agricultural Information Service 49: ?p (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 93152

Comparative anti-diabetic activities of some medicinal plants


Villasenor, IM; Cabrera, MA; Merneses, KB; Rivera, VRR; Villasenora, RC
Philippine Journal of Science 127 (4): 261-266 (1998)

Abstract:
The methanolic and aqueous extracts from popular, abundant and relative shape sources such as banana flower, pipino fruits, and leaves of ampalaya, kangkong, kamote, makopa, and tanglad were tested for their comparative anti-diabetic activities using albino mice as test animals. The blood glucose levels were determined using haemogluco-test strips. The result of the bioassay of the aqueous showed that the most potent anti-diabetic plant is flower while the comparative anti-diabetic potencies of the other plants are: tangland leaves> pipino fruits> kangkong leaves> makopa leaves> ampalaya leaves> kamote leaves. An infusion from mango leaves did not exhibit anti-diabetic activity. The organic extract of makopa leaves is the most anti-diabetic followed by kangkong and mango leaves. The organic extract of banana flowers and kamote, ampalaya and tangland leaves exhibited low antidiabetic potentials.

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines; Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 38617

Preliminary studies on the wheat flour substitution with some starchy materials in breadmaking


Banzon, TF; del Rosario, RR
Crop Science Society of th Philippines, c/o Institute of Plant Breeding, University of the Philippines at Los Baños, College, Laguna, Philippines

Proceedings of the 4th Crop Science Society of the Philippines (CSSP) Scientific Meeting; May 21-23; 1973; ? p

Abstract:
The feasibility of using indigenous starch materials as wheat-flour substitutes in breadmaking was studied. The influence of emulsifiers in the improvement of the quality of the starch-based bread was determined. Preliminary studies with the use of cassava and banana flour as supplements in breadmaking at the 20% level showed bread volume and texture to be acceptable. With higher levels of substitution, detrimental effects were observed on the volume, texture and flavour. Addition of emulsifiers, aside from improving the quality, also reduced the effects of the flavour imparted to the bread. Further studies are being conducted using other starchy materials in the Department of Food Science and Technology, U.P. Los Baños.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Email: vmvc@ipb.uplb.edu.ph




NO. 20441

Variation in chemical composition of ripe bananas (Musa sapientum cv. Berangan) harvested at different stages of maturity


Abdullah, H; Zaipun, MZ; Rohaya, MA; Salbiah, H
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) Research Bulletin 15(1): 9-14(1987)

Abstract:
A study on the variation in chemical compositions of the pulp of ripen 'Berangan' banana harvested at maturity stages of eight to 13 weeks from emergence was carried out. The starch content decreased significantly between the eight to llth week and remained constant from the onwards. On the other hand, there was a significant increase in total sugar content in ripen fruit harvested between eighth to 11th; the levels were constant after the 1lth week. The increase in the percentage of total soluble solids was observed in ripen fruits of 8-11 weeks. However, the values flustuated in the following weeks. The pH and the percentage of total titratable acidity of ripen fruits of different maturity stages change according to specific trends. Besides the maturity stages at harvest, variations in some chemical composition of the fruit pulp were also observed among the portion of hand from the same bunch.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 93620

Physiological indices of perishability


Tranggono; Suhardi
Proceedings of the International Seminar on Conservation of Agricultural Produce Through Postharvest Science and Technology Manila, Philippines; November 10-16, 1995; pp.17-30

Abstract:
The study was conducted on some Indonesian horticultural crops in order to determine an appropriate index that will correlate well with perishability. Results of laboratory studies showed that respiration rate might be one of the best physiological indices of respiration rate might be one of the best physiological indives of perishability for some horticultural produce such s snake fruit (Salacca edulis REINW cutivar Pondoh), apple (Malus sylvestris Mill cultivars Manalagi), sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas L.), potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L. cultivars Granola), guava (Psidium guajava L.) , rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.), longan (Dim °Carpus longan Lour), plantain (Musa sp.),shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.), cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.), aster (Cellistephase chinensis), dahlia (Dahlia variabilis), tuberose (Poliantus tuberosa) and gladiolus (Gladiolus L.) However, in some cases, other indices such as ethylene production and chemical changes including starch-sugar transformations, total solids, total acidity, pectic substance as well as tannin concentration should also be considered.

Availability :
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library
Email: vga@library.upb.edu.ph




NO. 23709

Short communication: Multiplication and initial field establishment of Abaca plants obtained through shoot-tip culture on peat


Girlie, W
Plant Science Branch; MARDI; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia

MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) Research Bulletin 12(2): 272-274 (1984)

Abstract:
More than 75% of abaca shoots regenerated from tissue culture rooted within five weeks from subculture onto rooting medium, with 91% of the plantlets surviving after transferring to soil medium. In the field, the plantlets produced an average of two and six suckers within three and half and five and half months from date of transplanting.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 38556

Effects of method and duration of storing seedpieces on shoot emergence and growth of abaca


Ramos, AD; Gloria, NM
Ann. Trop. Res. 10(3&4): ?p (1988)

Abstract:
Percentage weight loss of abaca seedpieces placed in jute sacks and stored in a well-aerated nipa hut was higher than those covered with fresh banana leaves and stored in shaded field. These methods did not significantly affect percentage emergence, number of shoots produced per seedpiece, plant height, stem diameter and number of functional leaves per plant of 4-month old abaca. Duration of storage prior to planting significantly affected all the aforementioned parameters. Storing seedpieces for not more than 3 weeks by either method still favored vigorous growth of abaca plants. No significant interaction effects existed between methods and duration of storing abaca seedpieces on shoot emergence and growth.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 38593

Proximate chemical composition of fibers of two abaca cultivars fertilized with N, P, and K


Bondad, AA; Bader, RF; Tabora, PC
The Philippine Agriculturist 67(3): 183-188 (1980)

Abstract:
The effect of N, P, and K fertilizers on proximate chemical composition of abaca was investigated at the University of the Philippines at Los Banos Central Experiment Station from July 1973 to July 1978. N application significantly increased ash content of `Pacol x CES No.3' more than "Tinawagang Puti". Nitrogen at all levels did not increased the soluble sugar of both cultivars. Crude fat content increased significantly to 200 kg N/ha. "Tinawagang Puti" had significantly higher alpha-cellulose and hemicellulose than Pacol x CES No.3". Phosphorus significantly increased ash and protein content of `Pacol x CES No.3'. Crude fat content of both cultivars significantly increased at 100 kg P2O5/ha. Holocellulose and alpha-cellulose were significantly higher at 50 kg P2O5/ha for both cultivars than at other levels. Hemicellulose content of ~Tinawagang Puti' was significantly increased at 25 kg P2O5/ha than at other levels. Potassium significantly increased ash content in `Pacol x CES No.3' than in `Tinawagang Puti'. Alpha- cellulose and holocellulose were significantly highers in `Tinawagang Puti' than in `Pacol x CES No.3'. Hemicellulose content of `Tinawagang Puti' was significantly higher at 100 kg K2O/ha than at other levels. Lignin content significantly increased in `Tinawagang Puti' at 50 kg K2O/ha. `Tinawagang Puti' was very responsive to N and K2O in terms of increase in alphacellulose and hemicellulose content. Therefore, it is highly suitable cultivar especially for pulp and paper utilization. `Pacol x CES No.3' was more responsive to P2O5 than `Tinawagang Puti' as regards increase in holocellulose, alpha-celluloze, hemicellulose, ash and protein content.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 24277

Effects of carbofuran and fenamiphos on three nematodes infesting banana
Kesan karbofuran dan fenamifos pada tiga nematod yang menyerang tanaman pisang

S. Abdul Karim
Basic Research Division, MARDI, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MARDI Research Journal 23 (1) (1995): 71-74

Abstract:
Two nematicides, carbofuran and fenamiphos, were tested for the control of three plant-parasitic nematodes infesting banana cv. Mas Raub. With an endemic populations of Rotylenchulus reniformis, Meloidogyne incognita and Helicotylenchus spp., the yield of banana was not significantly reduced although the treatments of fenamiphos and carbofuran lowered the population of M. incognita and Helicotylenchus spp. in the roots. The population of R. reniformis in soil and plant roots was not significantly reduced by the nematicides.

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 24547

Major virus diseases of fruit in Malaysia


Yaakob, D
Fruits Research Division;MARDI Serdang;Serdang;Selangor

Proceedings of the 3rd. National Fruit Symposium 1991[Prosid ing Simposium Buah-buahan Kebangsaan Ke-3, 1991];24-26 September 1991;Genting Highlands;Pahang

Abstract:
Important virus diseases affecting four major perennial tropical fruits namely citrus, passion fruit papaya and banana are discussed with respect to occurrence, disease severity. symptoms and control measures. Citrus tristeza virus is the most important of all viruses affecting citrus worldwide. This virus is endemic to Malaysia. The symptoms induced vary with citrus species. Effective control measures include selecting budwood lines that carry mild virus strains and use of resistant root stocks. Passion fruit mosaic virus disease is endemic in Peninsu lar Malaysia and it is the only major disease affecting the golden passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa). The symptoms induced in passion fruit: include mosaic, mottling and curling of leaves and reduction in vigor of affected plants. A possible control measure would be to use tolerant varieties developed through breeding. Papaya ringspot virus disease (PRVD) is a very serious disease affecting papaya worldwide. This disease, presumably recently introduced, was first detected in June 1991 in Johor Bahru. The symptoms observed in cultivar Eksotika were: yellowing and stunting of infected plants; water soaked streaks on petioles and stems; and ringspots on the fruit. Growing tolerant varieties and use of cross-protection by mild virus strains were practiced to control the virus. Banana bunchy top virus disease is one of the most important diseases of banana worldwide. The disease has not been detected in Malaysia. The disease caused stunting of affected plants followed by severe yield reduction. Control measures include control of the aphid vector and roguing of infected plants.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24551

Fertilizer requirement of selected fruit species


Zabedah, M; Raveendranathan, P; Abd. Jamil, Z
Fruit Research Division, MARDI Serdang;Selangor

Proceedings of the 3rd. National Fruit Symposium 1991[Prosid ing Simposium Buah-buahan Kebangsaan Ke-3, 1991];24-26 September 1991;Genting Highlands;Pahang

Abstract:
Fertilizer requirement of three selected fruit types namely papaya, banana and durian was discussed. A general recommenda tion on fertilizer requirement and method of application was described. The importance of three major elements such as nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus was also discussed. The requirement of certain elements such as copper for papaya, mag nesium, manganese and copper for durian and magnesium for banana and the method to overcome their deficiencies were also de scribed.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24701

Estimation of nuclear DNA content in a diploid banana Musa acuminata cv. Mas


Azhar M; Lysak M
Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research(MNT);Bangi;Selangor

Proceedings of the Third National Congress on Genetic;18-19 November 1998;p 134-137;UKM Bangi;Selangor

Abstract:
The DNA nuclear content of various pisang varieties has not yet been explored or determined until the use of Flowcytometry method for plant was introduced in early 80s. The information on DNA content will elucidate the taxonomy and evolutionary pathway and is an important factor in deciding the approach to be taken for the genetic improvement of the plant. Modified FCM technique for the nuclear genome analysis on bananas and plantains was first reported by Dolezel et.al(1994). In this paper, the use of Flow Cytometer(FCM) to determine nuclear DNA content of a di ploid pisang Mas banana in obsolute units is described. Glye max with known nuclear genome size was used as internal standard, and the DNA content was measured based on the relative fluores cence intensity of Propidium iodide stained nuclear DNA. The nuclear genome size of pisang Mas was determined to be 1.25( 0.03 pg. Determination of nuclear DNA content using FCM requires small amount of sample and is very rapid.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24975

The production of compressed smoked banana


Abdul Karim, MNB
Universiti Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

UPM Research Report; 1993

Abstract:
Studies were carried out on the production of compressed smoked banana in the bar form. Alginate was found to be the most suitable binder amongst the nine tested, based on the product shedding time. Further studies showed that increased compression and alginate concentration did not affect the product's size and compression ratio. The higher the compression applied, more time was required before shedding took place and the greater the texture strength attained. The best compression and alginate combination for the production of compressed smoked banana was found to be 1500 psi at 55 alginate concentration. Alginate at 6% at 2000 psi produced no acceptable product. Sensory evaluation showed that increased compression affected the sensory attribute of the product. Increase alginate concentration, on the other hand, did not exhibit any change in the taste of the compressed smoke banana produced.

Availability :
Universiti Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 25004

Plant parasitic nematode species associated with banana plants


Abdul Rahman, R
Universiti Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

UPM Research Report; 1993

Abstract:
Plant parasitic nematode is one of the major constraints in sustaining an economic yield in banana plantations. A survey was made of the plant parasitic nematodes of banana in UPM campus and in various parts of the country. The plant parasitic nematodes recovered from the soil and roots were processed by Seinhorst's glycerol-ethanol method for species identification under light microscopy. A duplicate sample was also processed for scanning electron microscopy for details of morphological features. Cultures of individual species are maintained either on sugar-cane or on banana plants in the plant house in Universiti Pertanian. Fifteen species of plant parasitic nematodes were hitherto identified in the root rhizosphere of the banana. They are: Xiphinema basiri (Siddiqi), X. insigne L., X. elongatum (Schuurmans Stekhoven & Tennissen), X. radicola Goodey. Paratrophurus crassicaudatus Williams. Helcotylenchus multicinctus (Cobb) Golden, and H. dihystera (Cobb) Sher. Pratylenchus coffeae (Zimmermann) Filipjev & Schuurmans Stekhoven. Mesocriconema onoensis (Luc) de Grisse & Loof. Hemicriconemoides cocophiles (Loos) Chifwood & Brickfield. Rotylenchulus reniformis Limford & Oliveira. Radopholus similis (Cobb) Thorne. Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Chitwood. Hoplolaimus seinhorsti Luc. Paralongidorus sacchari Siddiqi, Hooper & Khan. R. reniformis, Xiphinema spp., H. seinhorsti, H. multicinctusand H. dihystera aretheprevalentspecies in most of the samples. Ten of the species have been listed in a nationwide survey of agriculture crops. X. basin has not been reported before and is a new record for Malaysia, while X. elongatum, P. crassicaudatus and P. sacchari were found in the soil of plants other than banana. This study has yet to find Xiphinema orthotenumand Mesocri conemadenuodenias reported in an earlier countrywide sampling plant parasitic nematodes. The pathogenic role of these nematodes, either individually or concomitantly in the poor growth of the banana plant is yet to be established.

Availability :
Universiti Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 25070

Field trial results of 3 varieties of bananas propagated via tissue culture


Wong, CY; Zakaaria, S
TopPlant Laboratories Sdn Bhd;5079;Jalan Ulu Branang Lenggeng;Negeri Sembilan

Transactions of Malaysian Soc. Plant Physiol. 3;First Asia-Pacific Conference On Plant Physiology;10- 12 November 1992;Kuala Lumpur;p192-194

Abstract:
Normally bananas are propagated through suckers, but this gives rise to various problems such as variable yield, diseased plants and uneven plantings. In an effort to improve the yield and quality of local banana varieties, healthy and high-yielding plants are selected and propagated through tissue culture. The 3 varieties collected are Rastali, Berangan and Mas. These tissue cultured plantlets were then field planted and compared with plants from suckers. The trial is a randomised block design with 5 replicates and the soil is Batu Lapan series (class 111). Results showed that plants from tissue culture grow much bigger and faster than sucker material. They yield up to 30% better than normal suckers. The flowering spread and consequently, the harvesting spread is much narrower. With these advantages tissue cultured banana plants is now widely planted in Malaysia.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24752

Banana streak virus detection in Malaysian banana


Yasmin, O; Asif, J; Eswari, T; Uthayubanu, G; Lim, AL
Institute of Biological Sciences (Genetics and Molecular Biology);University of Malaya;Kuala Lumpur

5th. International Conference on Plant Protection in the Tropics;Tropical plant protection in the information age;15-18 March 1999;Kuala Lumpur;p425-428

Abstract:
Banana streak virus (BSV), the causal agent of banana streak disease (BSD), is a member of the genus badnavirus which consists of smal non-enveloped bacilliform viruses. BSV sequences were detected in 54 out of the 330 banana samples screened by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). These samples were from more than 80 different cultivars including wild species collected from various regions in Malaysia including Kuala Lumpur, Perak, Johor and Pahang. BSV was detected only in triploid banana cultivars (AAA and AAB). PCR amplification was found to be a rapid and sensitive method of screening for BSV sequences.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25325

Physical and chemical changes during the ripening of banana


WAN RAHIMAH, WI
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Food Tech. Res. Dev. Cen., Rep.(Mimeo);1974

Abstract:
Bananas undergo colour changes from dark green to brownish- yellow on ripening. Changes in penetrometer readings, pulp to peel ratio and sugar to starch ratio were observed in the ripen ing stages of pisang embun, pisang emas and pisang rastali.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25226

Quality evaluation of banana fruits - (Musa sapientum cv. Emas dan Embun) ripened under natural and artificial conditions.


Abd. Shukor, AR; Aziz, I; Lam, PF
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstracts of MARDI Publications 1980-1983

Abstract:
Banana (Musa sapientum cv. Emas and Embun) fruits were subjected to natural ripening artificial: ripening with calcium carbide, natural-ripening after heating at 45'C for 6 h, and artificial ripening with calcium carbide after heating at 45'C for 6 h. , The use of calcium carbide during storage accelerated the ripening and senescene of fruits. Carbide treated 'Emas' fruits commenced ripening after 2 days in storage and attained the optimum eating quality stage after 3 days of storage. Naturally ripened fruits reached the optimum eating quality stage after 4 days in storage. Additionally, the fruits ripened more slowly which helped to prolong their shelf-life. Exposure to high temperature' (45 C) prior to storage resulted in the pulp ripening ahead of the peel. The fruits were of poor flavour, taste and dull green in colour. The incorporation of calcium carbide after high temperature exposure further accelerated the ripening rate of the fruits. Similar results were observed in 'Embun' fruits. However, ripening commenced earlier than 'Emas' fruits. The application of high temperature (45'C) prior to storage and calcium carbide during storage had a marked effect on the ripening rate of the fruit. Treated fruits except those naturally ripened attained the optimum eating quality stage after three-days in storage., The naturally ripened fruits had a slower ripening rate and reached the optimum eating-quality stage after approximately 5-6 days in storage.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25240

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT POSTHARVEST HEAT TREATMENTS PRIOR TO LOW TEMPERATURE STORAGE ON THE PHYSICO- CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PISANG RASTALI (MUSA SAPIENTUM CV. RASTALI)


Azizah, O; Russly, AR; Moh, CC; Dwi Febrimeli
Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, University Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MALAYSIAN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY CONGRESS'99 Symposium A: Agriculture, Biology, Marine, Medicine, Social Science, Basic Sciences;25-27 October, 1999;Kuala Lumpur;149-155

Abstract:
In this study, Pisang Rastali of commercial maturity obtained from a commercial farm near Tangkak, Johore were subjected to four different postharvest heat treatments (exposure to hot air at 30', 40' and 50'C for @ hours and dipping in hot water at 50'C for 2 minutes) prior to the low temperature storage (1411'C, 65-85%RH). Untreated fruits were used as control and fruits were stored immediately at the above low temperature. At weekly intervals, manifestation of chilling injury were determined subjectively by visual observations with a score ranging from 0 to 3. The changes in the physico-chemical characteristics were examined by monitoring the fruit peel colour score, firmness, pulp to peel ratio, pulp and peel colour, pH, treatable acidity, total soluble solids and vitamin C contents. Results obtained in this study indicate that there was no significant difference in the manifestation of chilling injury found between treated fruits and control. Nevertheless, exposing fruits to hot air at 40'C for 3 hours could reduced the manifestation of chilling injury much more as compared to other treated fruits and control. The 'b' value of peel colour, total soluble solids and titratable acidity values were found to be significantly (P<0.05) lower in fruits treated with hot air at 50'C for 3 hours as compared to control. The 'a' value of peel of fruits dipped in hot water at 50'C for 2 minutes were significantly (P<0.05) higher compared to control. Results obtained in this study indicated that subjecting fruit to significantly different postharvest heat treatments prior to low temperature storage could not significantly extend the shelf life of treated fruits as compared to control. Shelf life of all treated fruits and control could only be extended until 6 weeks. However, dipping fruits in hot water at 50'C for 2 minutes prior to low temperature storage could significantly (P<0.05) delay changes in peel colour.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24764

Changes in tannin and pectic substances at different positions within a bunch of cavendish banana (Musa cavendishii L. var. Montel) during development and maturation


Razali, M; Azizah, O; Suhaila, M; Salmah, Y
Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, University Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Pertanika Vol. 20(2/3): 157-162(1997)

Abstract:
Studies were carried out on changes in the tannin content, alcohol insoluble solids (AIS) and pectin fractions (water, ammonium oxalate and sodium hydroxide solubles) of Cavendish banana variety Montel at different positions within a bunch during maturation and ripening. There was a significant decrease (P<0.01) in the tannin content between ð7?3 Š the different Portions of hands within a bunch and between different fingers within a hand during maturity. AIS increased at the early stages, but it decreased significantly (P<0.05) in the ripe fruits (week 12). There was a significant difference (P<0.05) in the pectin substance at different positions within a bunch during maturity. The pectin increased at the, early stages, reaching a maximum at week 12 and then slowly decreased. At the end of maturation, the pectin substances started to increase slowly until ripening. There acre also significant differences (P<0.05) in the tannin content, AIS and pectin substances during maturity different portions of hands and fingers. However, significant differences (P< 0. 05) were observed between Portions of hands within a bunch and between fingers within a hand during maturity stage; the lap hands and upper fingers were higher in tannin, AIS and pectin substances contents than the middle and bottom hands within a bunch and lower fingers within a hand respectively.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 92821

Interaction of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and the soil pathogen Fusarium oxysporum F. SP. Curense of the first stages of micro-propagated Grande Naine banana


Jaizme-Vega, MC; Hernandez, BS; Hernandez, JMH
Acta Horticulturae; Proceedings of the First International Symposium of Banana in the Subtropics; 10-14 November 1997; No. 490 ISAS 1998; p285

Abstract:
The effects of the interaction between the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Glomus intraradices and Glomus spp. and the vascular fungus Fusarium f.sp. cubense, causal agent of Panama disease, on the growth and nutrition of micro-propagated 'Grande Naine' banana plants (Musa acuminata Colla AAA) were studied under greenhouse conditions. Inoculation with two Glomus spp. isolates significantly increased plant growth compared to non mycorrhizal plants. Response to mycorrhizae was effective even when a commercial fertilizer programme was employed. Plant development was increased for most parameters regardless of pathogen presence. Both species of Glomus were found to reduce both internal (rhizome necrosis) and external disease symptoms.

Availability :
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90059

Survey on severity of Sigatoka disease in banana, Ladeco Banana Plantation, Lapanday, Davao City


Bertulfo, FA; Silvestre, JC
Dept. of Plant Pathology;University of Southern Mindanao;Kabacan; North Cotabato

Abstract Bibliography of Research (1977 to 1988) Vol. 1: 77;Dept. of Plant Pathology;University of Southern Mindanao;1985

Abstract:
Results showed that the area of the banana plantation most heavily infected with sigatoka leaf spot was Riverside 3. The severity of infection was 59.4%. The lowest severity infection of 30.0% was observed in Riverside 10.

Availability :
Department of Plant Pathology; College of Agriculture; University of Southern Mindanao




NO. 90060

Production of monoclonal antibodies for diagnosis of banana bunchy top virus


Espino, TM; Exconde, SB; Zipagan, FB; Maroon, MCM; Espino, RR
The Philippine Agriculturist 72(4): 473-485;1989

Abstract:
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) was isolated and purified using the procedures of Wu and Su (1986) and Iskra (personal communication). Electron microscopic examination of the purified BBTV preparation obtained from a single band (formed after sucrose density gradient centrifugation using Wu and Su's procedure) revealed the presence of virus inclusion bodies containing isometric particles. The absorbance ratio of the purified extract of BBTV inclusion bodies with isometric particles was 1.15 at 260/280 nm. With Iskra's procedure, two bands were obtained after sucrose density gradient centrifugation. Five monoclonal antibodies (MCAs) were produced from two out of six parent cell lines obtained after cell fusion experiment using spleen cells from mice immunized with BBTV inclusion bodies and myeloma cells. Three cell fusion experiments using spleen cells from mized immunized with BBTV solution from Iskra's procedure and myeloma cells were done. Three, six and one parent cell lines were obtained from the first, second and third cell fusion experiments, respectively. A total of 10 MCAs only from two out of 10 parent cell lines were produced. Cell fusion no. 1 using BBTV solution from Iskra's method and antigen source did not produce and MCA. Mass production of purified antibodies using MCAs BBTV 13-23-1, BBTV 13-23-3,BBTV 2-2-33 and BBTV2-13-23 was in vivo using BALB/c mice. Individual ascitic fluid collected from mice injected with each MCA was purified by affinity chromatography on protein A-Sepharose 6 MB and gel chromatography on Biogel A-0.5M or 5M. In all cases, fractions 1 and 2 from Biogel A-0.5M or 5 gel chromatography and 1gGa from proteinA- Sepharose 6MB affinity chromatography were found to be highly specific against BBTV and had high antibody activities as shown by high absorbance reading at 410 nm compared with fetal calf serum (FCS) coated plate despite their low protein content.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 90062

Screening for resistance against banana leaf disease


Herradura, LE; Carreon, CR
SMARRDEC Abstracts of Researches p. 28.;1989-1990

Abstract:
Inoculation methods were developed for four banana diseases clipping method for cross; swabbing spore suspension for cordana and sigatoka leaf spots; and the combination of the two methods for freckle. Removal of the waxy bloom prior to inoculation period favored the development of leaf diseases. The inoculation techniques developed are used in the standard assessment of different banana cultivars in the geneback under greenhouse condition for resistance or susceptibility to any of the leaf diseases.

Availability :
Southern Mindanao Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium




NO. 90061

Etiology and control of "bugtok" disease on Cardaba banana


Garcia, AS
Philippine Phytopathology 21(1-2): 5-6;1985

Abstract:
Survey of "Bugtok" disease in Mindanao revealed that the disease is widespread and destructive, reducing yield from 26.61 to 38.53 percent and a threat to cooking banana production in the country. Examination of twenty five diseased plants indicated that symptoms were restricted in the shrivelled ovule, pulp of the fruit and in the vascular system at the locules, pedicel and serial stem. Pure culture of the bacterium consistently isolated from infected tissues when artificially inoculated to healthy plants produced typically bugtok symptoms. The causal organism was identified as Pseudomonas solanacearum E.F. Smith. The pathogen gains entry at the tip of the ovary, through the cavities from the micropyl leading to the ovule and becoming systematic in invading the vascular system of the pedicel and serial stem. Plants were susceptible to infection at flowering period during the female phase. The pathogen was not seedpiece borne but infected fruits were found to be infective. A seasonal fluctuation on the incidence of the disease was recorded with no incidence in some months. This could possibly be brought about by the absence or reduced number of insects carrying the pathogen and sources of inoculum. Bagging and periodic removal of dried leaves showed significant reduction of diseased bunches.

Availability :
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90063

Identification and control of pathogens causing crown rot of banana at Hijo Plantation, Madaum, Tagum, Davao del Norte


Hilomen, LR; Tangonan, NG; Silvestre, JC
Philippine Phytopathology 23(1&2): 36;1987

Abstract:
Three genera of fungal pathogens causing crown rot of banana at Hijo Plantation were identified as Colletotrichum musae (Berk and Curt) Arx, Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat. and Fusarium roseum. Among the fungicides tested, prochloraz at the rate of 0.33 ml/liter of water effectively suppressed the growth of C. musa B. theobromae and F. roseum. Benomyl at recommended rate of 1.0 g/liter of water was as effective as prochloraz in suppressing the growth of B. theobromae. Bitertanol, tridemorph, naurimol, and triforine were less effective against the test pathogen.

Availability :
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90064

Reaction of local banana and plantain cultivars to bunchy-top and other viral diseases


Magnaye, LV
Banana and Plantain research and Development: Proceedings of the International Seminar-Workshop on Banana Plantain Research and Development, PCARRD;p. 89-95;1985

Abstract:
Bunchy-top and mosaic diseases are prevalent in the provinces of Davao, South Cotabato, Bukidnon, Laguna, Batangas and Cavite where banana cultivation is extensive. Bunchy-top is one of the most serious diseases of the Musa family. Abaca and banana bunchy-top diseases were thought to be identical due to similarity of symptoms and transmissibility of the pathogen from banana to abaca. Recent studies suggested that the two viruses are closely related strains of the virus. In artificial transmission studies, abaca bunchy-top virus (ABTV) infected only abaca varieties while abaca, bananas and plantains were found susceptible to banana bunchy-top virus (BBTV). Banana mosaic resembles bunchy-top disease. The virus is sap- inoculated and is also transmitted by Aphis gossypii Glover and Rhopalosphum maidis Fitch. The disease infects a wide range of susceptible varieties and is transmitted to all varieties of bananas so far inoculated. The variability in symptoms of bunchy-top and mosaic diseases were discussed. A list on the reactions of 48 varieties in the Southeast Asian regional banana collection in Davao to bunchy-top and mosaic infection under field condition and/or transmitted experimentally was presented. The control scheme for bunchy-top was not followed in the Philippines because small growers fail to recognize the disease and to comply with such control scheme. Despite a rigid eradication campaign by commercial banana plantations, the disease continued to spread because farmers around the plantations were not part of their eradication campaign and their plantings served as continuous source of infection for corporate plantations. The spread of the mosaic virus and its insect vectors was due to favorable climate, cultivation of susceptible banana varieties, presence of abaca plantations, extensive succession planting of corn and numerous backyard plantings of bananas and vegetables. The research needs on banana viral disease were identified.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 90065

Screening of 16 banana varieties against Pseudomonas solanacearum E. F. Smith causing Moko disease


Miral, FR; Silvestre, JC
Dept. of Plant Pathology, University of Southern Mindanao, Kabacan, North Cotabato

Abstract Bibliography of Research in the (1977-1988) Vol. 1: 79;1988

Abstract:
The number of days that banana plants wilted showed that Inabaniko had the highest mean of 32.0 days and the lowest was in Kinamay Dalaga with a mean of 9.2 days. The 16 banana varieties screened were found susceptible to Moko disease (Wilt). Length of infection (cm) of Moko disease on the banana plants which ranged from 35.6 (Manang) to 97.2 (Abuhon) indicated varying degrees of response against P. solanacearum E. F. Smith causing Moko disease.

Availability :
Department of Plant Pathology; College of Agriculture; University of Southern Mindanao




NO. 90066

Pathologic responses of banana varieties at the UPLB genebank to Sigatoka


Pantua, M; Pordesimo, AN
Philippine Phytophatology 18(1&2): 14;1982

Abstract:
The pathologic responses to Sigatoka of 80 varieties of existing banana plants at the UPLB Banana Genebank were evaluated under conditions of natural infection prevailing in the locality. Variety reactions were based on percentage yellow streak formation, degree of leaf spotting, number of green leaves, number of standing leaves and rate of leaf emergence. On the basis on the observed incidence and severity of spotting, the varieties were rated as highly susceptible, susceptible, partly resistant, resistant and highly resistant. Majority of varieties belonging to AA dipliod and AAA triploid groups were high susceptible. The degree of susceptibility in the AAB group ranges from susceptible to highly resistant, all the ABB type clones were resistant and the BB diploid type clone is highly resistant. Results of the present study suggest that there are 2 major factors concerned in the pathologic response of the varieties to Sigatoka: the first is genetic and the second is the effect of the prevailing environmental condition in the locality.

Availability :
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90067

Performance evaluation of promising banana cultivars [varietal screening for resistance to bunchy top, Fusarium wilt and leaf spot diseases (Sigatoka and Blackcross)]


Pua, AR
Integrated Banana Studies for the Small Farmers;College, Laguna: UPLB, IPB p. 10-81;1987

Abstract:
Corms of 58 banana cultivars were inoculated with viruliferous aphids for bunchy top infection test. For Fusarium wilt evaluation, plantlets of 52 cultivars were inoculated with conidial suspension (90,000 spores/ml) of one- week old Fusarium culture (F1 Pitogo isolate). Four other Fusarium isolates were used in subsequent trials. Field screening for resistance to Sigatoka and Blackcross diseases were done in 54 banana cultivars in Jamboree and 25 cultivars in Tranca from April 1985 to September 1986. In general, the reaction of the different cultivars to bunchy top infection under greenhouse and field screening showed that Acuminata cultivars (either AA and AAA genomes) were susceptible. Those belonging to other genomic groupings had varied reactions ranging from highly susceptible to resistant. From the present germplasm, those resistant to bunchy top were Bungaoisan, Pundol, Katali, Tiparot, Abuhon and Turangkong. Moderately resistant were Radja, Pelipia, Katsila, Paa dalaga and Cardaba. No pattern of susceptability/ resistance to Fusarium wilt was exhibited by various local banana cultivars showed resistant to moderately resistant reactions. Positive infections of all five Fusarium isolates were observed in banana, abaca, and cucumber but none in mungbean, cowpea, tomato and peanut. No pathogenic variation was observed among the five isolates when inoculated to different hosts but differences in aggressiveness within isolates were observed. In field screening for Sigatoka and Blackcross diseases, Acuminata cultivars and some cultivars belonging to Acuminata x Balbisiana group (AAB and ABB) were susceptible while Balbisiana cultivars were considerably resistant to Sigatoka. Sigatoka infection was more serious in June onwards, but also occurred as early as February. Blackcross which occurred in February to July was not serious and was rarely found in Acuminata cultivars. It was observed among Balbisiana cultivars.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 90068

Postharvest diseases of bananas and their control in the Philippines


Quimio, AJ
Banana and Plantain Research and Development: Proceedings of the International Seminar-Workshop on Banana and Plantain Research and Development, PCARRD;p. 130-135;1985

Abstract:
The common destructive postharvest diseases of banana in the Philippines are crown rot, anthracnose, Fusarium fruit rot, black-end disease, finger- stalk rot and main stalk rot. These diseases were observed during transit, storage and while in market. The causal agent and the control of these diseases particularly in commercial plantations are also presented in this report.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 90069

Status of Moko and Panama diseases of banana in the Philippines


Roperos, NI
Banana and Plantain Research and Development: Proceedings of the International Seminar-Workshop on Banana and Plantain Research and Development, PCARRD;p. 106-112;1985

Abstract:
Bacterial wilt or Moko disease and Fusarium wilt or Panama disease are two highly destructive disease affecting banana’s vascular system. The incidence of the two disease was discussed based on the experience of DAHITRI, a 4,000 ha conglomerate composed of Davao Fruit Corporation (DFC), Hijo Plantation, Inc. (HPI), and Twin Rivers Plantation, Inc. (TRRI). Moko disease on banana is caused by Pseudomonas solanacearum E.F. Smith. The incidence of Moko disease was observed on Morado, Señorita, Giant Cavendish and Saba cultivars. Isolate of P. solanacearum from the DAHITRI plantations produced colonies which were mostly of the large fluidal type. The remainder was butyric (afluidal) and some were of the small, fluidal, round type. Only Lingkit and Saba were resistant to fluidal isolates. Señorita was moderately susceptible while the susceptible varieties were Giant, Dwarf and, HPS 101 Cavendish, Latundan, Lakatan, Morado, Tindok and Abaca. Panama disease is caused by Fusarium oxyporum f. sp. cubense (E.F. Smith) Snyd. and Hans. It is a major limiting factor in the commercial plantation of susceptible cultivars such as Latundan, Pitogo and Lakatan. There are four races of F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense causing wilt of the Musaceae. Races 1 and 2 differ in their pathogenecity to the Gros Michel (AAA) and the Bluggoe (ABB) cultivars, respectively. Cavendish cultivars are resistant to Races 1 and 2 but are reportedly attacked by Race 4 in Taiwan. Race 3 is pathogenic to Heliconia sp but is non-pathogenic or only mildly pathogenic to Gros Michel and non-pathogenic to Bluggoe. Incidence of Moko and Panama diseases had declined due to the control measures adopted at DAHITRI plantations.

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Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 90070

Banana spray oils for the control of Sigatoka and black leaf streak diseases


San Juan, MO
Philippine Phytopathology 18(1&2): 6-7;1982

Abstract:
Sigatoka, also known as yellow sigatoka, caused by Cercospora musae and black leaf streak caused by Mycosphaerella fijiensis, are the two most common foliage diseases of bananas. They are serious in most plantations during the rainy months. In Davao Province, the heaviest rains in June and December preceed disease flare-ups 4 to 6 weeks later. Chemical control of these diseases is usually a combination of fungicide, oil, triton and water. Experimental results show that spray oils inhibit the growth of the fungus. It provides an additive effect to the spray mixture. The spray oils that have been tested so far are Orchex, Australian Neutral Fruit Spray Oil, Caltex Fruit Spray Oil CT, Shell Banana Spray Oil, Shell Banana Liquid Fungicide (BLF 84) Filoil Banana Spray Oil 70 and Gulf Orchard Spray Oil 70. All these oils have their respective specifications at to costly, specific gravity, unsulforated residence etc. The Shell Banana Spray Oil with unsolfonated residue of 93.8% and Caltex Fruit Spray Oil CT with 94.6% are the ones used in most banana plantations in Mindanao.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90071

Foliar diseases of banana and their control in commercial plantation


San Juan, MO
Banana and Plantain Research and Development: Proceedings of the International Seminar-Workshop on Banana and Plantain Research and Development, PCARRD;p. 96-99;1985

Abstract:
The most serious foliar diseases of banana are Sigatoka and black leaf streak (BLS) disease caused by pathogenic fungi. Sigatoka is caused by Mycosphaerella musicola. Black leaf streak is caused by M. fijiensis, a more virulent species of Mycosphaerella. In the field, Sigatoka can be distinguished from BLS by the frequency of lesions on the upper surface of the leaves. BLS produces more necrotic lesions predominant on the under surface of the leaves. These diseases are widely spread in commercial plantations planted to triploid AAA types of dessert varieties such as Cavendish, Lakatan, Morado, Gros Michel and Grand Nain. The plantains of AAB types such as Latundan, Tindok, Laknau and Ternate, and ABB types like Cardaba and Saba can also be infected by both diseases. Control measures include use of fungicides, plantation practices (maintaining optimum plant population, upkeep of drainage canals, removal of sources of inoculum, and elimination of obstacles for ground and aerial spraying and fertilization) and formulation of a disease forecasting system. Other foliar diseases of banana are cordana leaf spot, banana freckle, sooty mold, rust and leaf speckle. The causes of and control measures for these diseases were discussed.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 90072

Interrelationship of Radopholus similis and Meloidogyne incognita in banana


Santor, W; Davide, RG
Philippine Phytopathology 18(1&2): 22-33;1982

Abstract:
The interelationships of R. similis and M. incognita inoculated to three cultivars of banana (Saba, Bungulan and Giant Cavendish) were studied using three inoculum levels of 1,000, 5,000 and 10,000 nematode individuals per plant. Results revealed that the three cultivars were susceptible to infection by both species. Plants inoculated with R. similis alone showed typical root lesion symptoms, while those inoculated with M. incognita developed root galls. Both lesions and galls developed in plants jointly inoculated by both species. Lesions were also observed in the galled portions of the roots indicating R. similis infection. Number of lesions observed was higher in roots of plants inoculated singly with R. similis and likewise more galls were found in roots of plants inoculated with M. incognita alone than those jointly inoculated by both species. Generally, the higher the inoculum level the greater the number of lesions and galls developed when each species was inoculated singly into the banana plants. However, when both species were jointly inoculated, there was a reduction in the nematode population and the formation of lesions and galls indicating that the two species were affecting each other. Histopathological study of the galled roots with lesions showed that the presence of R. similis in the galled tissues had affected the development and reproduction of M. incognita as majority of them did not develop beyond the second larval stage and very few reached the adult female stage. The R. similis infection on the galls caused deterioration and disintegration of the giant cells, a condition which adversely affected the feeding sites and development of M. incognita.

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NO. 90073

Biological control of Tylenchulus semipenetrans on citrus Radopholus similis on banana with Paecilomyces lilacinus and Penicillium anatolicum


Tandingan, IC; Davide, RG
Philippine Phytopathology 22(1&2): 42-48;1986

Abstract:
Application of Paecilomyces lilacinus and Penicillium anatolicum either as soil drench or soil substrate (rice hulls rice bran) mix significantly controlled the citrus nematodes Tylenchulus semipenetrans under greenhouse conditions. They were also effective against Radopholus similis on banana. Their effects were in most cases comparable with those of the nematicide phenamiphos (Nemacur 10G) at 100 ppm. The effects of these fungi against the nematodes varied with the methods of application. On T. semipenetrans, the soil substrate mix P. lilacinus and P. anatolicum proved more effective than the soil drench for R. similis control. The population densities of both nematodes in the soil were more affected by the fungal treatments than those in the roots, whereas more nematodes were controlled in the roots than in the soil in the nematicide treartment. Generally, P. lilacinus was more effective than P. anatolicum. The combination of both fungi did not increase their effectiveness. They showed antagonistic effects. On citrus plants, there was significant improvement of plant growth as a result of the nematode control but on the banana plants no significant difference was observed among the treatments. Microscopic examinations of nematodes parasitized by P. lilacinus clearly showed mycelial growth around the inside body. However, P. anatolicum did not parasitize the nematode indicating that its action is through secretions of toxic substances that killed the nematodes.

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NO. 90080

Biological control of Radopholus similis on banana with three nematophagous fungi


Generalao, LC; Davide, RG
Philippine Phytopathology 22 (1&2): 36-41;1986

Abstract:
The potentials of Paecylomyces lilacinus, Penicillium anatolicum and Arthobotrys cladodes as biological control agents against Radopholus similis nematodes on Cavendish banana were demonstrated under laboratory and greenhouse experiments. Based on mortality and infectivity tests, P. lilacinus was more effective and proved comparable with those of nemacide Nemacur 10G at 200 ppm. Generally, the three fungi significantly reduced the nematode population in the soil and roots of Cavendish banana as compared with the control. The fungi cultured in ipil-ipil leaves, rice hulls and banana leaves and leaf sheaths were more effective against the nematode than when used directly as spores and mycelial suspensions applied as soil drench; the subtracts supported abundant growth of the fungi except P. anatolicum which did not grow well in rice hulls.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90074

Disease certification of tissue culture-derived plants


Zamora, AB; Ramos, CS
Integrated Banana Studies for the Small Farmers College, Laguna: UPLB, IPB p. 110-113;1987

Abstract:
The growth and survival of meristems from three sources (suckers, tissue culture proliferated and rooted shoots) were studied. Meristems were inoculated in a medium composed of Murashige and Skoog's nutrients without growth regulators. Establishment of cultures on Sa2 medium was done using suckers infected with bunchy top virus (BTV) and banana mosaic virus (BMV). To control BTV and BMV, heat pre-treatment at 40 deg C and 30 deg C for one, two, three, four, six and eight weeks were applied. Representative plants of 87 cultivars from in vitro germplasm collection was also assessed for the presence of BMV and BTV. All meristems inoculated with Sa2 medium survived and grew. Subsequent growth of the meristem-derived shoots in terms of number and length of shoots were similar for the three meristem-sources. Shoot cultures infected with BTV and BMV exhibited stress reactions (browning) to heat pre-treatment. Death of cultures was observed with prolonged heat due to desiccation. Percentage survival of meristems was reduced when heat pre-treatment was increased to six and eight weeks. Of the 87 cultivars observed for BMV and BTV symptoms, 30 plants representing 22 cultivars did not exhibit any symptoms of the two viruses. Six plants representing six cultivars had BMV, 38 plants for 30 cultivars had BTV, while 13 plants for 81 cultivars had mixed BTV and BMV infection.

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Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 90076

Comparative efficacy of Dicamba nd Tordon 101 impregnated bamboo sticks in eradicating bunchy-top infected Cavendish banana


Atabug, RG; San Juan, MO; Obello, MC
Philippine Phytopathology 22 (1&2): 11;1986

Abstract:
A portion of a young bamboo pole was cut into 7 x 7 x 110 mm sticks with one end sharpened and sundried for two days before they were immersed in the herbicide solution for 8 hours and air dried for 16 hours. The pseudostems of banana plants infected with bunchy-top disease were inserted with a) 4 sticks impregnated with 1 ml Dicamba per stick, b) 2 sticks impregnated with 0.1 ml Tordon 101 per stick, c) 2 sticks impregnated with 0.2 ml Tordon 101 per stick. Five mother plants were allocated for each treatment and followers not less than 0.75 m tall were inserted with half the dosage of the mother plant. All the pseudostems inserted with impregnated sticks produced a crack at the base and toppled down in 4-10 days. Suckers within the mat twisted, turned black and ultimately decayed. After one month however, production of live suckers was observed on 100%, 60% and 20% of the corms in treatments b, c, and d; respectively. Only those inserted with 4 sticks impregnated by 1 ml Dicamba per stick were absolutely killed as no regrowth was noted even after 5 months. No herbicide toxicity symptoms were manifested by tissue-culture-propagated Dwarf Cavendish seedlings planted beside treated mother plants.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90077

The potential use of propiconazole for the control of major Philippine crop diseases


Barrenechea, AV; Palis, FV; Calderon, JI
Philippine Phytopathology 23(1&2): 36;1987

Abstract:
Propiconazole, a highly effective foliar fungicide has been successfully developed for the control of disease complex in cereals. The active ingredient (propiconazole) 1-(2-2(2,4-dichloropheny) 4-propyl-1, 3-dioxoland- 2-yl-methyl)-1H-1,2,4-trazole, inhibits fungi by interfering with ergosterol biosynthesis. The active ingredient is absorbed by the assimilating parts of the plant and transported acropetally. The systemic movement assures protection of actively growing parts of the plant. Propiconazole is protected from wash-off by rain or irrigation and provides control for 2-4 weeks depending on the pathogens, disease pressure, and the carrier used. Under local conditions, propiconzaole at 0.33% a.i. concentration applied by fixed wing aircraft every 21 days gave satisfactory control of Black Sigatoka. At present propiconazole is registered at Tilt 250 EC for use in controlling Black Sigatoka in Cavendish banana.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90079

Fungicidal depositions on Cavendish banana leaves by three types of spray planes


Dolar, SG
Philippine Technology Journal 12(3): 9-16;1987

Abstract:
Effective aerial fungicidal spraying is essential for the successful monoculture of Cavendish bananas. Thus, “droplet” monitoring stations are strategically installed in plantations to monitor the efficiency of fungicidal depositions by spray planes. Evaluation of three types of spray planes that serviced the five farms of Lapanday Agricultural Development Corporation (Davao City), shows that the Pawnee (RP-R521) spray plane made the best fungicidal droplet leaf deposition in terms of distribution and number in all the farms. Consequently, a better chemical redistribution pattern on the leaves upon wetting, and more effective Sigatoka and/or Black Leaf Streak control would be favored by the use of such system.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippines Country Office




NO. 90081

Fungicidal sprays for banana fruit spot control


San Juan, MO
Philippine Phytopathology 18(1&2): 1;1982

Abstract:
The black pitting disease or Johnson fruit spot caused by Pyricularia grisea and the diamond spot caused by Fusarium roseum are the most common blemishes on the exportable Cavendish banana. Both diseases become sporadic during the rainy months of the year. A combination of phytosanitary measures and bunch protection can control the diseases. Several fungicides which were tried in two seperate plantations in Davao have shown that Dithane M-45, Benlate 50, WP and Topsin Methyl 70 WP were effective. The dosages used were 30 and 45 g for Benlate 50 WP, 50 and 70 g for Topsin Methyl 70 WP and 2.4 kg of Dithane M-45 in 100 liters each of solution. For each of the above solutions 160 ml Busadin 60 EC and 30 ml Triton B 1956 were added. Control bunches were unsprayed. Results obtained from the different treatments analyzed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test showed the following order of effectivity: Dithane m-45 (2.4 kgs/100 1), Benlate 50 WP (45 g/100), Topsin M 70 wp (70g/100 1), Topsin M 70 WP (50 g/100 1). Benlate 50 WP (30 g/100 1). Highly significant differences were obtained between fungicides treated and unsprayed bunches.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90078

Distribution, host-parasite relationships and control of banana nematodes in the Philippines


Davide, RG
Banana and Plantain Research and Development: Proceedings of the International Seminar-Workshop on Banana and Plantain Research and Development;pp.113-123;1985

Abstract:
The nematodes associated with the Giant Cavendish in Davao belong to eight genera of plant parasitic nematodes, namely; Meloidogyne, Radopholus, Rotylenchulus, Rotylenchus, Helicotylenchus, Hoplolaimus, Tylenchorhynchus, and Pratylenchulus. The genera Meloidogyne and Radopholus with M. incognita, M. arenaria and R. similis as main species were widely distributed and more dominant and destructive to Cavendish banana. Studies showed that cultivars, age of plantation, soil texture and pH apparently influenced the distribution and reproduction of R. similis and M. incognita. Pathogenic studies showed that M. incognita causes root-knot disease on Saba and Cavendish bananas, while R. similis can cause blackhead, root rot or tip-over disease in Cavendish banana. Screening of foreign and local cultivar collection in UPLB and BPI-Davao gene banks yielded 25 cultivars resistant to R. similis. Majority of the cultivars screened were either susceptible or have intermediate reaction to R. similis and M. incognita. Nematicides were found effective and practical in controlling banana nematodes. But with the increasing cost of chemicals, biological and botanical nematicides were sought. Root extracts of 11 plant species were found nematicidal against M. incognita, and four leaf extracts were also effective against R. similis and M. incognita. Soil fungi can trap or parasitize nematodes. The latest discovery was Paecilomyces lilacinus which effectively control root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne spp and the potato cyst nematode. Other promising fungi against M. incognita and R. similis are Pencillium anatolicum and Arthrobotyrs cladodes. Areas needed for future studies were enumerated.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 90082

Evaluation of drenching triadimenol for efficacy against the black streak and Sigatoka diseases in Giant Cavendish banana


San Juan, MO; Catabug, G
Philippine Phytopathology 24: 20-28;1988

Abstract:
Three rates of triadimenol (Bayfidan 250 EC) were drenched unto the base of the mother plant pseudostem at three application frequencies and evaluated for efficacy in controling the black leaf streak and sigatoka disease in Giant Cavendish banana. All the triadimenol treatments provided significantly longer disease incubation and transition periods and more functional leaves per plant than the untreated control. Application at triadimenol at 1.0 and 0.75 g active ingredient per ma once every 2 and 3 months were most effective against the disease with residual efficacy extending several months after the last application of the fungicide. The most effective triadimenol treaments were two to three times costlier than the standard aerial spray scheme used in the plantation due to the high cost of the fungicide at the time of the experiment.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90083

Bugtok or tibagnol disease of cooking banana


Soguilon, CE; Magnaye, LV; Del Valle, RA; Natural, MP
SMARRDEC Abstracts of Researches p. 30-32;1989-1993

Abstract:
A disease survey was conducted in provinces representing 5 regions of the country with extensive plantings of cooking bananas. The results showed that bugtok affects 85.6 percent of the 357.3 hectares surveyed, regardless of the age of plantings. Two distinct symptom types, the red and the black were observed to occur under natural field condition. Both the red and the black symptoms were observed in Davao City, the 3 Davao provinces and in Bukidnon. Only the red symptom type was observed in the other provinces surveyed. Assuming the 85.6 percent of the country' total Saba area of 128 thousand hectares producing 1.5 million tons valued at P1.7 billion is infected with Bugtok, total yield loss amounts to P142B for a volume of 1.25 tons. Bugtok was conclusively diagnosed to be caused by a bacterium, Pseudomonas solanacearum (E.F. Smith). Cultural, morphological and physiological tests indicated that is very similar to the P. solanacearum causing Moko or wilt disease of banana. It seems that the bugtok isolate became highly especialized to enter through the female inflorescence, thus typical wilting of plants does not occur. The movement of the bacterium from the inflorescence to the fruit stem is limited. Suckers of infected mother plants were free of bugtok when planted in an isolated area. Chemical analysis of soil collected from areas with bugtok infection did not differ significantly from soil sample collected in areas where the disease was not observed. Likewise, infected leaf tissue did not significantly in the amount of N, P, K, Mg, An, Fe and B compared with healthy tissues. Insects collected frequenting the inflorenscences at the sample sites belong to the Orders Homoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Thysanoptera. It seems likely that these insects are involved in disease transmission because bagging the inflorescences protects the fruits from getting infected. The exact identity of the vectors is still inder investigation. The results of the experiments conducted to control the disease demonstrated that bagging the unopened female inflorescences at bending stage resulted in the production of healthy bunches. In this regard, bagging is a cheap and practical method to control bugtok. Chemical control does not offer better control than simply bagging the inflorescence. Other cultivars found to be infected with bugtok disease were Paa dalaga, Buguihan, Abuhon, Pelipia, Gubao, Mundo, Turangkong, Madurangga, Java, Inabaniko, Katsila, PNG 170 and PNG 122.

Availability :
Southern Mindanao Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium




NO. 90213

Simultaneous and sequential transmission of abaca-mosaic and banana-mosaic viruses to abaca (Musa textilis Nee) by Aphis gossypii Glover


Retuerma, ML
Philippine Phytopathology 18(1&2): 48-55;1982

Abstract:
Abaca-mosaic and banana-mosaic viruses were simultaneously or sequentially transmitted to abaca (Musa textilis Nee) by a common vector, Aphis gossypii Glover. Both viruses transmitted to abaca have no interference or antagonistic effect to each other but produced more severe symptoms and stunted growth than single infection of either viruses. Each virus acts independently by producing its own typical symptoms in the same host. Flexuous rod-like, isometric virus particles measuring 650-750 nm in length and 28-30 nm in diameter, respectively, were both observed under the electron microscope in crude sap extracted from abaca used in simulateneous and sequential transmission tests. Positive serological reaction was observed only against cucumber mosaic virus Y (CMV-Y) antiserum.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90214

Differences of Pseudomonas solanacearum EFS isolates in abaca and banana


Rillo, AR
The Philippine Agriculturist 64(4): 329-334;1981

Abstract:
Bacterial wilt organisms from abaca and commercial banana cv. Giant Cavendish were differentiated in terms of host range, colony characteristics, melanin pigment formation, carbon utilization, hypersensitive reaction on tobacco leaves and phage typing. In natural inoculations, banana isolates were virulent to commercial bananas, abaca and heliconia while abaca isolates were not. Both isolates exhibited 3 morphotypes each but differently on Kelman's medium. The banana isolates belong to biovar 1 and produced slight tyrosinase activity while the abaca isolates were found to belong to biovars 2 and 3 and had both slight tyrosinase and very high tyrosinase-producing strains, respectively. Both isolates did not cause hypersensitive reaction on tobacco. Four distinct phage isolates from Pseudomonas solanacearum infecting ginger and tomato failed to lyse both banana and abaca isolates.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 90215

Economic hosts of Pseudomonas solanacearum isolates from abaca


Rillo, A
Philippine Phytopathology 18(1&2): 56-60;1982

Abstract:
Eleven economic plants belonging to 5 families were artificially and naturally inoculated with P. solanacearum isolates from abaca. Results showed that potato, castor bean, eggplant, tobacco, tomato, dipliod banana, abaca, and Heliconia were infected upon artificial inoculation with the organism. Under natural conditions, however, only castor bean, tomato, and eggplant were infected. The isolates failed to infect abaca under natural conditions suggesting the possible role of biotic or biotic agents in disease occurrence. The results of the study showed that the organism exists as a variable species with various pathogenic potential in plants.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 90681

Pre-investment study on saba flour production


Monalo, BT; Martin, AMJr; Cabagbag, MC; Guerrero, AC
Philippine Technology Journal 16(3): 3-20;1991

Abstract:
A study on the economic viability of producing saba flour at cottage/small- scale industry level was conducted. Possible plant sites were identified based on annual volume of production and price of saba. Two production cases and two sub-cases were considered. For case I, only the costs of necessary equipment and utensils were determined while for case II, the cost of land, building, equipment and utensils were all considered. For both cases, sub-case A refers to processing uncooked saba while sub-case B refers to processing of cooked saba into flour. A plant which can produce 16,920 kg. of flour per year needs a fixed capital of P195,000.00 as in Case I wherein building and land costs are excluded or P778,200.00 if building and land costs are included as in Case II. A return on investment (ROI) of 7.8% and a payback period of 13.4 years were obtained for case IA at unit selling price of P30/kg. At this selling price, the ROI's and payback periods for cases IB, IIA and IIB are not favorable and losses are incurred. At selling price of P45.65/kg, ROI's and payback periods for all cases except case IIB are favorable. The saba flour can be used as an ingredient for baby food, catsup and bakery products.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippines Country Office




NO. 90978

Polyphenols in cooking banana -- Changes during ripening and cooking and relation to astringency


Mendoza, EMT; Laurena, AC; Rodriguez, FM; Samonte, JL; Mabesa, LB; Uritani, I
The Philippine Journal of Crop Science 17(3): 155-161;1992

Abstract:
Table banana cultivars of Lakatan, Latundan and Bungulan had low levels of flavan-type or vanillin-positive polyphenols (0.10 to 1.96 mg catechin equivalents (CE)/g) and also low levels of protein-precipitable polyphenols (0.05 to 0.59 mg tannic acid equivalents (TAE)/g). Cooking banana cultivars, Saba and Gubao, had 10-fold and 4- to 10-fold higher levels of vanillin-positive and protein-precipitable polyphenols. The levels of phenolic compunds decreased by 6- to 7-fold in the pulp during ripening of banana cv Pundol which was accompanied by loss of astringency and significant lowering of degree of polymerization from 7.27 to 6.21. Gel permeation chromatography of methanol extracts of unripe and ripe pulp of cv Pundol gave elution curves of similar molecular weight range. When green mature (unripe) Pundol pulp was cooked, flavan-type phenolics increased from 2.79 to 4.56 CE/g while protein-precipitable polyphenols decreased from 2.14 to 0.65 mg TAE/g. There was loss of astringency and a significant decrease in the degree of polymerization from 7.27 to 3.87 upon cooking of unripe Pundol pulp. However, cooking the yellow mature ripe pulp of Pundol resulted in the significant increase of total phenols and protein-precipitable polyphenols as well as the degree of polymerization from 6.21 to 9.70 and the appearance of astringency. Gel permeation chromatography revealed the formation of large molecular weight component in the cooked sample.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 90979

In vitro culture of saba banana [Musa sp. cv. saba (BBB)]


Damasco, OP; Barba, RC
The Philippine Agriculturist 67(3): 351-358;1984

Abstract:
Corm sections and tissue-cultured-derived shoots of Saba banana [Musa sp. cv. Saba (BBB)] formed multiple shoots on Murashige and Skoog's medium supplemented with 10 mg/1 benzyl adenine. Sub-culture of shoot tips to fresh medium of the same composition increased the number of shoots produced with each culture cycle. Such proliferated shoots initiated roots in one month when cultured on basal medium. Rooted plantlets were readily transplanted in the soil. The technique has the potential of readily producing 200,000 plants in 10 months from one sucker for rapid propagation or germplasm exchange.

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Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 91041

Effects of method and duration of storing seedpieces on shoot emergence and growth of abaca


Ramos, AD; Gloria, NM
Ann. Trop. Res. 10 (3 & 4);1988

Abstract:
Percentage weight loss of abaca seedpieces placed in jute sacks and stored in a well-aerated nipa hut was higher than those covered with fresh banana leaves and stored in shaded field. These methods did not significantly affect percentage emergence, number of shoots produced per seedpiece, plant height, stem diameter and number of functional leaves per plant of 4-month old abaca. Duration of storage prior to planting significantly affected all the aforementioned parameters. Storing seedpieces for not more than 3 weeks by either method still favored vigorous growth of abaca plants. No significant interaction effects existed between methods and duration of storing abaca seedpieces on shoot emergence and growth.

Availability :
Visayas Coordinated Agricultural Research Program-Leyte State University




NO. 91287

Note: Growth and yield of micropropagated and sucker-derived banana plants (Musa spp. cvs. lakatan, bungulan and saba)


Zamora, AB; Damasco, OP; Estano, ES; Barba, RC; Patena, LF
The Philippine Agriculturist 72(4): 458-465;1989

Abstract:
The growth and yield of micropropagated and sucker-derived banana plants cvs. Lakatan, Bungulan and Saba in the field were assessed. Micropropagated plants derived from shoot cultures grew faster, yielded more sucker earlier and flowered earlier than plants originating from suckers. At maturity, micropropagated plants were similar to the control plants in horticultural characters and yield. Proliferating shoot cultures and rooting shoots in vitro proved satisfactory as a micropropagation technique.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 91288

Development of a minimal growth medium for in vitro storage of banana and plantain (Musa spp.) germplasm


Zamora, AB; Damasco, OP; Landicho, S
The Philippine Agriculturist 72(4): 466-472;1989

Abstract:
A culture medium containing Murtashige and Skoog's base medium, 0.1 M mannitol and 1.0 ppm benzyl adenine for shoot cultures of Musa cv. Morado supported at least growth for shoot and roots, some limited proliferation and good survival. Shoots of cv. Morado recovered from the osmoticum- supplemented medium with reculture to a normal growth medium. Twenty-one cultivars of Musa belonging to five genome groupings survived three continuous 4-month subculture cycles on the minimal growth medium. Survival on the minimal growth medium ranged from 8.8% for cv. Gubao to 100%for cv. Lakatan after 12 months culture. Genome groupings of cultivars affected survival. The AA, AAA and AAB genome groups survived better than the ABB and BBB genome groupings after 12 months culture on the minimal growth medium.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 90027

Effect of latex on postharvest pathogens of fruits


Ilag, LL; Villa, J; Banasihan, N; Opena, J
Philippine Phytopathology 28: 62 (1992)

Abstract:
The latex that oozes out when newly harvested banana, mango, and papaya fruits are injured, was found to variously affect fruit-rotting pathogens. Latex from ripe, "tuning", and green papaya fruits stimulated conidial germination of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Rhizopus sp., both pathogens of papaya. On the other hand, latex inhibited the germination of spores of Fusarium sp. which causes papaya fruit rot. Mango latex strongly enhance germination of conidia of C. gloeporioides, the cause of mango anthracnose. Latex from banana crown reduced percentage germination and germ tube length of F. roseum and F. semitectum but it stimulated germination of spore. Thielaviopsis paradoxa. These fungi cause banana crown rot. The condition of papaya fruit extract to the latex negated the inhibitory effect of latex on the germination of Fusarium sp.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 91362

Morphological characters and yield of abaca and related Musa clones in Baybay, Leyte, Philippines


Alcober, ER
Annals of Tropical Research 8(4);1986

Abstract:
Thirty-six clones of abaca and related Musa species were studied to determine their morphological characters, fiber yield and recovery, and tensile strength of their fibers; and to evaluate the relative merit of each parameter to fiber yield. The different clones showed wide variation in all the characters evaluated. Generally, clones with many suckers per hill produced more floating suckers. basal and middle stalk circumstance, length and weight of stalks, number of leaf sheaths per stalk, number of suckers and harvestable stalks per hill, and fiber recovery significantly influenced fiber yield.

Availability :
Visayas Coordinated Agricultural Research Program-Leyte State University




NO. 91363

Fiber quality and recovery of three abaca varieties as affected by tuxy group and setting position in spindle stripping


Alemania, AL; Santiago, RM; Gloria, NM
Annals of Tropical Research 4(2);1982

Abstract:
Three abaca varieties (Linawaan, Inosa and Laylay) were evaluated for fiber quality and recovery. Except for stretch percentage, Linawaan variety showed the highest recovery and tensile strength, and the heaviest tuxies and dry fiber recovered per stalk. However, Laylay variety produced more fiber of higher grade than the others. The outer group of leafsheats produced stronger fibers than the middle and inner groups, in that order. Middle, inner and outer groups ranked first, second and third, respectively, in weight of dry fiber per 15 stalks and average weight of tuxies stripped in 5 min. The downward position with the tips of tuxies stripped first produced the highest weight of dry fiber per 15 stalks, while the downward position with butt stripped first appeared to have better quality fiber compared to the rest of the treatments. No significant interaction between group of leafsheats and different positions of setting tuxies into the spindle was observed.

Availability :
Visayas Coordinated Agricultural Research Program-Leyte State University




NO. 91364

Fiber recovery and quality of ten abaca varieties


Bales, RP; Santiago, RM; Gloria, NM
Annals of Tropical Research 3(4);1981

Abstract:
The 10 abaca varieties significantly differed in almost all the parameters considered. Lawaan x Tangonon had the heaviest weight of fresh stalk and tuxies in the outer and middle groups of leafsheats, produced the highest weight of dry fiber recovered, and ranked second in terms of tensile strength per group of leafsheats. Pacol x CES 2 ranked second in terms of weight of fresh stalks, produced the heaviest weight of tuxies from the inner group, ranked second heaviest in the outer and middle groups, but produced the lowest fiber recovery and percentage fiber stretch in the 3 groups of leafsheaths. Furthermore, Pacol x CES 2 produced the lowest tensile strength from the outer and inner groups and ranked second to the lowest in the middle group. Linawaan produced the highest fiber recovery while Ginabaki and Bulao Luno produced the highest tensile strength and percentage fiber stretch in all groups of leafsheats, respectively. With respect to fiber quality, Bulao Luno, Lawaan x Tangonon, Linawaan, Casilihon and Amokid had had better quality of fiber than the rest of the varieties tested.

Availability :
Visayas Coordinated Agricultural Research Program-Leyte State University




NO. 91441

Transport, storage and quality standards in banana and plantain


Planas, TA
In: Banana and Plantain Research and Development: Proceedings of the International Seminar Workshop on Banana and Plantain Research and Development pp. 155-159;1986

Abstract:
Modified atmosphere (MA) which uses sealed polyethylene bags, and packing bananas with ethylene absorbent like potassium permanganate are the major breakthroughs in transport and storage researches. Practices in packing and transporting of bananas locally and abroad, caution in handling the fruits to avoid or minimize spoilage, bruises or damages, the quality specifications, research needs and prospects of the industry were discussed.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 91440

The physiological age of harvesting cooking banana


Cantila, MS; Pascua, OC
SMARRDEC Abstracts of Researches p. 27-28;1989-90

Abstract:
The study was conducted at DNCRDC to establish the optimum hanging days of harvesting banana, cv. Cardaba as determined from the appearance of the false hand. Results revealed that Cardaba bunches could be harvested as early as 18 to 132 hanging days. At these stages, there are 4.0 to 5.0 functional leaves retained; bunch weight of 18.38 to 20.32 kg; second hand weight of 2.55 to 2.75 kg; finger weight of 115.32 to 125.89 g and edible portion of 56.49 to 58.99 percent per finger which is comparable to those harvested at 146 hanging days. Furthermore, finger diameter is 3.49 to 3.72 cm. moderately filled; mature green peel while at the bunch; occassional styles at the stylar end of fingers and greenfile days of 6.0 to 7.72 days. The sensory evaluation of texture, sweetness and general acceptability both for the cooked unripe and ripe is comparable to 146 hanging days. Results of the economic benefit indicated that there is an added value of 115.12 to 18.90 per bunch.

Availability :
Southern Mindanao Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium




NO. 91442

Influence of temperature and gas composition on the development of senescent spotting in banana (Musa sapientum L. cv. Bungulan)


ValdezERT; Mendoza, DB, Jr.
The Philippine Agriculturist 71(1): 5-12;1988

Abstract:
The incidence of spotting in banana cv. Bungulan became severe with increasing stage of ripeness. Senescent spotting also increased in number and intensity with time and temperature, with least spotting at 15OC. The degree of spotting in the controlled atmosphere tests were maintained in the following order: 6% O2 + 3% CO2 < 5% O2 < 21% O2. Holding fruits at 25OC for a day prior to modified atmosphere treatment also minimized spotting of bananas induced to ripen with ethephon. Any angular side at the stylar portion of bananas appeared to be the origin of spotting in the peel.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 91443

Commercial-scale application of Gliricidia leaves for enhancing ripening in 'saba' bananas (Musa, BBB group)


Acedo, AL, Jr.; Bautista, OK
The Philippine Agriculturist 74(3): 345-350;1991

Abstract:
Ripening of 'Saba' bananas was markedly advanced in a large-scale treatment in 210-L drums with gliricidia or 'kakawate leaves (Gliricidia sepium Steud) at 7% of fruit weight for one day. The fruits ripened uniformly 2 days after treatment while untreated fruits, 3-14 days after treatment. This was l day later than fruits treated for l day with calcium carbide at 250 g per 1,000 fruits. Untreated fruits lost more weight and appeared pale and shriveled at the ripe stage compared to gliricidia-treated and carbide-treated fruits. Periodic aeration and use of lime (calcium oxide) as Co2 scrubber did not improve the effectiveness of gliricidia in enhancing ripening.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 91444

Enhancing ripening of 'saba' banana (Musa, BBB group) fruits with Gliricidia leaves as ethylene source


Acedo, AL, Jr.; Bautista, OK
The Philippine Agriculturist 74(3): 351-365;1991

Abstract:
Saba bananas normally ripen in 5-16 days from harvest. Treatment with Gliricidia leaves at 5% of fruit weight for one day in a polyethylene bag uniformly ripened the fruits 2 days later. This treatment, however, was less effective by one day than CaC2 at 25 g/100 fruits and ethephon at 1,000 ppm as 5 min dip due to lower C2H4 levels during the first 12 hours of treatment (1 ppm). CaC2 treatment resulted in 10,000 ppm acethylene after 6 hr of treatment while ethephon increased C2H4 in fruits to about 4 ppm immediately. Ripening of gliricidia-treated fruits was initiated within 24 hr as shown by the marked changes in C2H4CO4 and O2 of the fruits. Ethylene rise was de the activity of the ethylene-forming enzyme (EFE) in the pulp accompanied by increased synthesis of-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) in both peel and pulp. Peel EFE increased when the fruit started to yellow. The pulp was more responsive to exogenous ethylene. Gliricidia-treated fruits had normal physico-chemical and sensory characteristics and had better visual quality than untreated fruits.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 91472

Potential of Monascus pigment as coloring agent for banana sauce and tocino


Dizon, EI; Sanchez, PC
The Philippine Agriculturist 67(2): 157-166;1984

Abstract:
Pigment was extracted from steamed rice inoculated with Monascus purpureus Went ("angkak"). The dried pigment was used for coloring banana sauce and tocino (cured meat). Preliminary sensory evaluation revealed that the panelists preferred pigment concentrations of 1.5% and 1.0% for coloring banana sauce and tocino, respectively. Storage stability of the products at ambient (28 to 30o C) and refrigerated (5oC) temperatures was evaluated. Microbiological and chemical analyses of samples during storage were monitored; sensory evaluation was done simultaneously with the above analyses. Sensory evaluation showed that banana sauce was still acceptable after 8 weeks storage at ambient temperature and at 5 C. Tocino, on the other hand, was acceptable after 6 days storage at ambient temperature while samples stored at 5oC were acceptable even after 28 days.

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 91564

Extraction of banana juice using commercial pectinase preparation


Mabesa, LB; De. Lange, RAA; Tan, WT
The Philippine Journal of Crop Science 14(1): 41-44;1989

Abstract:
The conditions for the extraction of juice from banana (cv. Bungulan) using a commercial pectins preparation were evaluated. Maximum juice yield was obtained by treated the banana pulp with 0.5% pectinase for at least 12 hr at room temperature. Potassium metabisulfite added to the pulp prior to enzyme treatment was found to retard browning of the resulting juice. Sensory evaluation of the juice showed that the natural flavor of the fruit was still at acceptable levels.

Availability :
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 91565

Chemical evaluation of the feed and fertilizing value of the peelings of banana (Musa sapientum variety compressa)


Moscoso, AD
Abstract of Researches;UP Visayas;UP System;Iloilo City;1991

Abstract:
The potential of the peelings of unripe banana (Musa sapientum variety compressa) as animal feed was determined by proximate analysis. The analysis showed that banana contain 19.9% moisture, 8.64% ash, 9.76% ether extract, 10.00% crude protein, 52.53% nitrogen-free extract. Banana peelings, therefore can be used as a feed supplement when it is properly processed and combined with other feed ingredients. The potential of the peelings of unripe banana as an organic soil ameliorant was also determined through analysis of total nitrogen. toal phosphorus as P2O5, and total potassium as K2O. The sample was composted for four weeks using Trichoderma as activator, prior to chemical analysis. The result showed that the decomposed banana peelings contain 1.42 total nitrogen, 10.8% total phosphorus and 1.30% total potassium. The result indicated that composted banana peelings contain the essential plant nutrients with phosphorus as the highest value. As an organic matter, the compost will improve the physical properties of the soil.

Availability :
Visayas Coordinated Agricultural Research Program-Leyte State University




NO. 91566

Dried banana peelings for growing ducks


Montero, GB; Anglo, PG
NSTA Technology Journal 11(4): 65-71

Abstract:
Studies on the utilization of biogas sludge from dried banana peelings as partial substitute for rice bran in duck's feed formula was conducted. Results show comparable gain in weight of ducks fed with sludge-supplemented feeds and the standard diet. Maximum gain in weight was obtained when 33% of the rice bran in the feed was substituted with dried banana peelings sludge meal. Carcass evaluation showed an average dressing percentage of 57.98% for the control; 58.01% and 62.65% for those fed with sludge-supplemented feeds in different proportion, respectively.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippines Country Office




NO. 91567

A comparative study on four varieties of banana flour mixed with all purpose flour in muffin preparation


Pascua, CE
IATC Research Journal 2(1): 31;1982

Abstract:
This study was conducted at the Home Technology Department of the Ifugao Agricultural and Technical College from January from four local varieties of banana (saba, latundan, bungulan, and lacatan), with those prepared from all- purpose flour and to find out which among the banana flours when used as a partial replacement for all-purpose flour would produce highly desirable products as regards color, appearance, moisture content, texture (grain), lightness, tenderness and flavor. The treatments used were as follows: A, muffins, prepared fro 100% all purpose flour (control): B, muffins prepared from 50% saba flour mixed with 50% all-purpose flour; C, muffins prepared from 50% latundan flour mixed with 50% all-purpose flour; D, muffins prepared from 50% bungulan flour mixed with 50% all-purpose flour; E, muffins prepared from 50% lacatan flour mixed with 50% all-purpose flour. The results of the sensory evaluation and the ink blot test revealed that the muffins in treatment B ranked the highest with an overall score of 134.58. This was followed by those in treatments A, E, C, and D with overall scores of 126.45, 114.06, 108.85 and 107.78, respectively.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippines Country Office




NO. 91624

Techniques improve storage of fruits and vegetables


Sarian, ZB
Manila Bulletin, March ?: ? (1998)

Abstract:
Evaporative cooling could minimize high perishability of fruits and vegetables. It increased the shelf life by about twice as long as that at room temperature.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library
Email: pcarrd@pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 91760

Five abaca hybrids resistant to disease


Gabot, AG (ed)
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Press Releases

Manila Bulletin p34 (Oct. 30, 1997)

Abstract:
Five abaca hybrids have been found resistant to abaca bunchy top (ABT); the most infective virus of abaca, banana, and other species. The development of new abaca hybrids will help arrest the abaca infestation of ABT virus.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 91763

Virus-free abaca plants


Fernandez, RA
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development

Philippine Star p22 (Nov 30, 1997) (PCARRD Press Releases Oct-Dec 1997)

Abstract:
An effective method of eradicating virus infected abaca plants has been found by researchers of the Fiber Development Authority (FIDA). The techniques entails the use of semi-direct injection of 2, 4-D amine herbicide in virus infected (mosaic/bunchy top) abaca plants. Results of the study presented by Porfirio Tafalla Jr., showed that the technique is easy to perform, very economical, and effective in eradicating mosaic-infested abaca plants.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 91788

Innovative techniques on abaca mosaic eradication in Leyte


Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development - Department of Science and Technology

PCARRD Annual Report p22 (1997)

Abstract:
A new technique to eradicate abaca mosaic disease consists of semi-direct injection of undiluted 2-=4D amine through a plastic drinking straw inserted into the center of diseased abaca stump.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 91857

Musa velutina


Sarian, ZB (ed)
Manila Bulletin; April 1, 1997; p.24

Abstract:
This is an ornamental banana that grows very well under local conditions. This is a relatively short species that produces pinkish flowers and fairly sizeable pink fruits. The fruits and flowers could be used for floral arrangements. The fruit has seeds that can be used for propagation.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 92013

Fresh banana exports down 9% to $121 M


Urbanes, PO Jr.
Animal Husbandry and Agriculture Journal; October 1997; p.11

Abstract:
Fresh banana demand maintained a downtrend in the first 7 months of the year as demand for the commodity in the global market remained low.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 92067

Farming seen to become more of a part-time occupation


Sarian, ZB
Manila Bulletin; Agriculture; December 1997

Abstract:
Because of the modernization, including in the rural areas, rice farmers are resorting to planting other crops such as orange and banana.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 92076

Bananas grow in backyards as well as in plantation


Sarian, ZB
Manila Bulletin; Agriculture; March 1998

Abstract:
The Philippines is the fifth largest exporter in the international banana trade. Banana being the number 1 tropical fruit in the world is being grown in plantations as well as in backyards.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 92107

Some lessons on banana growing


Sarian, ZB
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Press Releases (Oct-Dec 1997)

Philippine Panorama; April 20, 1997; p25

Abstract:
Banana are sometimes use as annual crop. This means that the bananas are planted for fruiting only. Dr. Dominador Ignacio who recently retired from the Mariano Marcos State University in Ilocos Norte, was able to evade damage to the banana plants by planting tissues cultured banana in May and harvesting their fruits the following summer, growing banana as an annual crop is also one way of avoiding pest and disease problems by relating it with other crops.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 92109

Corn cobs as mushroom substrate


Fernandez, RA
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Press Releases (Oct-Dec 1997)

Philippine Star; p.22; Oct 26, 1997

Abstract:
Traditionally, mushrooms are grown in banana leaves and rice straw. PCARRD monitored study found that mushroom growers could derive higher income with the use of corn cobs. The substrate can be used for two cropping seasons and mushrooms buttons can be harvested in 15-21 days with minimal inputs and simple technology.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library
Email: pcarrd@pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 92348

Catecholamines and related compounds in Philippine bananas


Pascasio, FM; de Leon, CS; Manipol, V; Hizon, L
Veterans Memorial Hospital Journal 3(2): 49-52 (1972); HERDIN Database; PC920466; MFN 007476

Abstract:
The three varieties of Philippine bananas,latundan, lacatan, and saba contain norepinephrine, epinephrine and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxymandelic acid in the pulp. No dopamine or serotonin were detected. Ingestion of these varieties may affect tests for the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma.

Availability :
Asia-Pacific International Network of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - South East Asia Research Center for Agriculture




NO. 92874

Population density study on cooking banana cv. carbada (Musa balbisiana)


Pascua, OC; Loquias, VL
The Philippine Journal of Plant Industry 60 (1): 46-66 (1995)

Abstract:
There were four plant spacing tested for the cooking cv. Cardaba. It was conducted from 1990 to 1993 at Panabo, Davao Norte. The results showed that the vegetative and reproductive plant characters were influenced by plant spacing. Plants at 3x3 and 4x4 m2 were observed to be taller, have smaller pseudo-stem diameter compared to these planted at either 5x5 or 6x6 m2. Bunch weigh yield likewise showed similar response where the lighter bunches came from the closer spacing and heavier bunches from the wider spacing. In the manner, heavier mean weigh of hands are obtained from the 5x5 or 6x6 m2 distancing. Other observation revealed that no pest was noted to infest the plants during the course of the study. However, incidences of bunch-top, bog-top, blank cross and braes mosaic was noted. Infection of buttock occurred at the 3x3 and 4x4 m2 distancing with the bunch-top infecting plants from all treatments. Bract mosaic confined to the 3x3 m2 distancing. The profitability of the treatment were evaluated using the marginal rate of return (MRR) expressed in percentage, indicated that the 4x4 m2 spacing was the profitable. The MRR obtained was 113.20 per cent.

Availability :
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 92878

Inoculation techniques for screening resistance against leaf diseases of banana under greenhouse condition


Herradura, LE; Carreon, CR
Philippine Phytopathology 31 (1): 54-57 (1995)

Abstract:
Inoculation methods namely, clipping for block cross, swabbing of spore suspension for cordana leaf spot and yellow sigatoka and the combination of the two for freckle were developed for four banana diseases. Removal of the waxy blow prior to inoculation period favoured the development of leaf diseases. The inoculation techniques developed were used in the standard greenhouse assessment of resistance of different banana cultivars in the gene-bank to the above banana leaf diseases.

Availability :
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 92887

Dynamic of banana bunchy top within commercial population of banana (Musa sp.) OJ. lakatan


Opina, OS; Milloren, HJL
Philippine Phytopathology 32 (2): 75-82 (1996)

Abstract:
The ability of banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) to move from infected mother plants to daughter plants (suckers) was examined in a 9-month old banana mats. Results showed that suckers taken from mother plants showing different severity of symptoms were infected with BBT. This indicated that when the infected mother plant shows discernible symptoms, the BBTV has already translocated and attained sufficiently high tire to effect infection in the suckers. The spread of banana bunchy top (BBT) in 2-year old banana orchard was also examined. The data suggest that the incidence of BBT decreased with increasing distance from the inoculum source. BBT is dispersed at a very short distance from the primary source of inoculum. The spatial spread is defined by the equation. Y = -0.68-0.143X, where: Y represents disease proportion in logarithmic scale and X as linear distance in meters from the inoculum source. Using this model of BBT spread, the likelihood of getting infected suckers at a particular distance at which BBT incidence approaches to zero is estimated to be or distance at which BBT incidence approaches to zero is estimated to be at least 50 m away from the inoculum source. From a newly established and relatively isolated banana orchard with strict sanitation practices, the onset of BBT epidemic started at eight weeks after planting. The epidemic development can be described by logistic model. The apparent rate of infection is estimated at 140 per week. New infections usually occur in adjacent plants or of close proximity to primary inoculum source. A typical focal pattern of BBT spread is not sharply defined six months after disease onset.

Availability :
Personal copy (Ms. Vienna C. Fandialan)




NO. 92888

Integrated management of tibaglon, a bacterial fruit rot disease of cooking bananas under farmer's field


Molina, GC
Philippine Phytopathology 32 (2): 83-916 (1996)

Abstract:
Survey of occurrence of a bacterial disease attacking fruits of cooking bananas in Negros Oriental showed from 60%-92% incidence. The disease, locally called 'tibaglo', manifested external symptoms on male flowers as dark, wrinkled and loose inflorescence. Affected fruits shed internal dry rotting, black discoloration of the pulp, rendering it unfit for consumption. An integrated disease management program of sanitation, early de-budding, de-infestation of tools, and fruit bagging were implemented to farmers co-operator's fields in 14 barangays. All these activities reduced incidence significantly, from 54-100% after 12 months. While de-budding, sanitation plus bagging showed 100% control of the disease, farmers fund bagging impractical since the plants are too tall. Sanitation and early de-budding reduced infection from an initial incidence of 88 t 6% after 12 months. These combined practices are considered practical and well accepted by farmers.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 92890

Control of banana fruit rots by alum


Mortuza, GM; Ilag, LL
Philippine Phytopathology 32 (2): 102-1135 (1996)

Abstract:
The effect of alum (potassium aluminium sulphate) in controlling post- harvest rots in banana fruits by Lasiodiplodia theobromae and Colletotrichum musae was determined. Germination, germ tube elongation and growth of both pathogens were severely inhibited by alum. Minimum germination (8.30%) of L. theobromae was recorded at 15% alum. All germ tubes were disintegrated at 10 t 15% alum. C. musae spores were able to produce few germ tubes at 15% alum after 24 hr. The mycelial growth f L. theobromae was enhanced in PDA-amended medium with 0.1% alum and completely suppressed with 0.6% alum whereas C. musae was suppressed completely at 1.25% alum. Alum was more effective in controlling rots in banana fruits at an inoculum level of 1,000 conidia/ml. L. theobromae rot was completely controlled by 15% alum at 1,000 conidia/ml while symptom expression was delayed 84 hr at 5,000 conidia/ml with the same alum concentration. C. musae rot was completely controlled by 8% alum at both inoculum levels. Treatment of banana fruits up to 4 hr after inoculation provided better protection against L. theobromae rot that treatment at 4 hr before inoculation or simultaneous with pathogen introduction.

Availability :
Personal copy (Ms. Vienna C. Fandialan)




NO. 92909

Reforestation and pulp production I. Response of Musa to growth regulators


Batugal, PA; Torres, DO; Tabora, Jr, PC; Bondad, AA; Namuco, LO; Sajise, JU
NSDB/NSTA Technology Journal 3 (4): 29-34 (1998)

Abstract:
Gibberellic acid (GA3) dramatically increased the height and decreased the girth and number of suckers of "Tinawagang Puti" plants while benzyl-adenine (BA), did not significantly affect height and girth. A combination of 100 ppm GA3 and 25 ppm BA proved to be better than single application and any other combination tried. It increased the height of the plants without reducing the girth. Furthermore, this combination also increased percentage fibber recovery and reduced percentage ash and cell wall thickness. Yield in terms of fresh weight of mother stalk and first two suckers and dry weight of fibbers was not affected by growth regulators. Increasing the frequency of spraying from 4 months to 1 week interval did not significantly affect plant height, girth, number of leaves, and number of suckers.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 92964

Somatic mutations of banana their stability and potential


Daniells, JW; Smith, MK
Proceeding; International Symposium on Recent Developments in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chinting, Pinting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p162-171

Abstract:
Banana growers in Queensland have been utilizing tissue-cultured banana plants as planting material since 1986. Initially very high levels of off- types occurred (sometimes in excess of 90%). Much lower level off-types are now generally being obtained due to fewer plants being derived from original growing points (<10,000) and culling of off-types in the nursery before field planting. The range of off-types have been collected, propagated and assessed for stability. No off-types collected yet have shown resistance to race 4 of Panama disease. Two off-types with superior finger length and pseudostem sturdiness respectively are currently being evaluated on grower's properties. Dwarf off-type and some other off-types can be identified whilst in the nursery prior to field planting. At least halt of the dwarfs can be eliminated in this way.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92954

Bugtok disease of cooking bananas: I. Etiology and diagnostic symptoms


Soguilon, CE; Magnaye, LV; Natural, MP
Philippine Phytopathology 30 (1): 26-34 (1994)

Abstract:
Bugtok disease of cooking bananas was conclusively found to be caused by Pseudomonas solanacearum E.F. Smith. Results of cultural, morphological, biochemical and pathogenicity tests revealed striking similarities between the bugtok bacterial isolates and P. solanacearum from other hosts. Bacterial cells were Gram negative, rod-shaped and measured about 0.5 to 1 um by 1.5 to 4 um. Colonies on TZCA were irregular, convex and fluidal with or without pink centres. Artificially inoculated tomato seedlings and banana plant lets wilted. Bugtok symptoms on fruits were reproduced in artificially inoculated inflorescence. Two distinct symptom types were observed from field infected fruits; namely, the reddish brown and the black discoloration of the fruit pulp. In either case, the fruit pulp was hard especially in areas that were discoloured. Discoloration was intense in the core of the fruit. Vascular tissues in the pedicels, fruits and stems, and leaf sheaths were also discoloured becoming less intense in parts that are far from the fruits. If the male inflorescence (heart) was detached from the bunch, a bugtok infected plants can not be differentiated from a healthy plant. With the male bud still attached, bugtok infected plants can be recognized because the bracts fail to dehisce, giving it a loose and dry appearance. Healthy male inflorescence appear compact and succulent as the older bracts dehisce successively at maturity.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 92961

Fusarial wilt of banana in the Canary Island with some data regarding the Madeira Archipelago


Hernandez, JM; Freitas, G; Ploetz, RC; Kendrick, C
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chiujin, Pingtung Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p247-254

Abstract:
The production of banana in the Canary Island and Madeira Archipelago is seriously affected by Fusarium wilt. It is assumed that race 4 was causing the damage on the commercial cultivars Dwarf Cavendish and Grand Nain. Recent studies conducted showed that VCG 0120 is widely distributed in both the Canary and Madeira archipilagoes and may be the only Fusarium race precent. These findings is in agreement with the presumed common origin of banana material in both areas and the probable clonal origin and dispersal of the pathogen.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92962

Fusarium wilt of banana in Uganda


Tusshemereirwe, WK
Proceeding; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chinting, Pingting; 14-18 December 1982; p240-246

Abstract:
The distribution of Fusarium in Uganda Is described. The East African highland banana cultivars, which were considered resistant to the disease, are reported to be affected. Also reported are the presence of race 1 and 2 of the pathogen in Uganda and plans to start a breeding program to develop resistant hybrids suitable for traditional uses in Uganda.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92963

Evaluation of Philippine banana cultivars for resistance to bunchy-top and Fusarium wilt


Espino, RC; Juanillo, C; Johns, AP; Magnaye, LV
Proceeding; International Symposium on Resent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chinting, Pinting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p89-102

Abstract:
Screening for resistance to bunch top virus and Fusarium wilt (race 2) among Philippine banana cultivars was undertaken. Results showed that majority of cultivars belonging to AA and AAA genomes were susceptible to these diseases. Bungaoisan (AAB), Pondal (ABB), Katali (ABB), Tiparot (ABBB), Abuhon (BB) and Turangkaog (BBB) were found resistant to bunch-top, while Bungaoisan (AAB), Tiparot (ABBB) and Gubao (BBB) were resistant to Fusarium wilt.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92965

The role of tissue culture in banana disease research in Australia


Smith, MK; Hamil, SD; Thomas, JE; Pegg, KG; Peterson, RA
Proceeding; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chinju, Pinting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p148-161

Abstract:
The Australian banana industry is under threat from three important diseases: (1) Banana Bunchy Top Virus, (2) Black Sigatoka (Mycosphaerella fijensis) and (3) race 4 Fusarium Wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense). Tissue culture has an important role top play in the rapid propagation of clean planting material. However viruses, such as Banana Bunch Top Virus and Banana Streak Virus, can be transmitted in tissue cultures and care must be exercised when disseminating micro-propagated plants. Tissue culture also has an important role in both providing and developing disease-resistant varieties. The initiatives of the Queensland Department of Primary Industries In applying tissue culture techniques in their Sigatoka and Fusarium research programs are presented.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92966

The effect of water reduction on banana in Israel


Lahav, E; Lowengardt, A; Israel, Y
Proceeding; International Symposium on Recent Development Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chinju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p133-140

Abstract:
Previous irrigation experiment that banana production is achieved by an irrigation factor of 1.2 (about 12,000 m3/ha/yr in addition to 600 mm of rain) Irrigation at 0.8 factor reduced production by 3-9%, nevertheless 63 t/ha were harvested. Extreme water shorted in Israel enforce us to check further reduction in water allocation for bananas. New experiment with 10,000; 8,500; 7,000 and 5,500 m3/ha/yr was initiated in 1990. Preliminary result showed a significant effect on growth and flowering already in the first year. Rate of leaf emergence was not affected. Parent crop was much reduced with water reduction. Water shortage reduced photosynthesis by 22% stomata conductivity by 48%.

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Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92967

Banana varietal susceptibility to black sigatoka in the climatic conditions of new Caledonia


Lavigne, VK
Proceeding; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chinju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p103-111

Abstract:
Feasibility of curative chemical sprays is effective only in somewhat intensive cultivation, uncommon in New Caledonia. An assessment of the banana varietal susceptibility is in progress, in order to offer the farmers some cultivars showing resistant reaction to this disease. This work takes in account sweet bananas as well as cooking bananas, both types being locally consumed. The first results show that Yangambi km5 (AAA) and Mysore (ABB) are promising in the dessert banana type, and some cultivars of the Popo'ulu sub-group (ABB) in the cooking bananas. Some other cultivars show at-pic susceptibility, like Pisang Mas (AA), which is very sensitive in these condition. The Popo'ulu sub-group seems to present great interest as female parents in the breeding programs of CIRAD in the Frenh West Indies.

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Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92968

Freckle disease of banana in Taiwan


Tsai, YP; Chen, HP; Liu, SH
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chinju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p298-307

Abstract:
Freckle disease, caused by Phyllostictina musarum, is very wide spread in the banana-growing region in Taiwan. The incidence of banana leaf spot (black Sigatoka) appears to be decreasing in the major production areas of central and southern Taiwan. Freckle disease has replaced leaf spot as the major foliar disease in the past 10 years. A survey on susceptibility to natural infection by P. musarum indicated that most bananas with an AAA genotype are highly susceptible, whereas AA,AB,BB and AAAA cultivars are highly resistant. Freckle disease occurred on healthy tissue-culture plantlets three months after planting in three different and isolated banana orchards. Fungicides such as bitertanil, pyrifenox, propiconazole, triadimefon and tebuconozole effective control the disease.

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Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92978

Storage of tissue cultures of banana


Ko, WH; Hwang, SC; Ku, FM
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chinju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p193-200

Abstract:
Meristem-tip tissues of Cavendish banana were incubated at 17oC under light on cheesecloth over cotton saturated with 3% solution of various kinds of sugar all the sugars tested were found to be capable of extending the survival time of banana tissues and ribose was the best followed by sucrose, glucose, fructose and lactose. After 21 months, 33% of banana tissues incubated with ribose solution remained viable and resumed growth within two weeks after being transferred to fresh SM medium. About 99% of plantlets developed from these tissues were normal. In a separate experiment, 67% of banana tissues incubated with 3% ribose solution remained viable after 24 months. Ribose solution at 0.3 and 0.03% were not as effective and over saturation of cotton with 3% ribose solution was not beneficial. When fresh meristem-tip culture was used 50% of tissues incubated with 3% ribose solution remained viable after 3 years. The new technique may be useful for storage of tissues cultures of other species and cultivars.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92979

Improvement of methods used in the regeneration of micro-propagated banana plantlets


Lee, SW
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Developments in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chinju, Pingting Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p179-192

Abstract:
The banana micro-propagation system in Taiwan has established for commercial planting since 1983. The demand for disease-free plantlets is over two million per year in the past 5 year. The capacity of the system has to be maximized to meet the demand. One of the key steps in determining the efficiency of the system is in the regeneration of plantlets from adventitious buds. Plantlets can be regenerated by 2 methods: (1) adding liquid medium to the established culture of adventitious buds or (2) divide clusters of adventitious buds into smaller pieces and transfer to solid regeneration medium. In the first method, formulations, containing MS salts and Hyponex were compared. In the second method, formulation containing various concentrations of BA and IAA and activated charcoal were compared. The advantage and disadvantage of both methods in the micro-propagation procedure were discussed.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92980

Rating bananas for reaction to fusarium wilt in Brazil


Cordero, ZJN; Shepherd, K; Dantas, JLL
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chinju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p84-88

Abstract:
Brazil is one of the leading producers of banana in the world. Its two most important cultivars, Prata and Maca are susceptible to Fusarium wilt. After repeated failures in various efforts to control the disease, banana breeding for resistance to Fusarium was initiated. An important tool in banana breeding is resistance evaluation methodology. A comparison on conventional and non-conventional methods was undertaken. The conventional approach based on field trails using infested areas for planting test cultivars and hybrids gave good results. A score card used to assess various levels of resistance is given. An alternatives means of assessing resistance using in vitro techniques is also describes. This was done by exposing the apical meristems of banana to varietal differentiation could not be observe at filtrate concentration below 3% or above 6% in the culture medium.

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Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92986

Breeding for resistance to Fusarium wilt in South Africa


de Beer, ZC
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chiuju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p75-83

Abstract:
Somaclonal tissue culture variants and induced tissues culture mutants of local banana cultivars 4 GCTCV clones from Taiwan were tested for resistance to Fusarium wilt. Tissue culture plants were planted in soil heavily infested with Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (FOC) race 4 and disease progress was monitored. Only 23.2 and 29.3% respectively of the Taiwanese variants GCTCV-53 and GCTCV-44 succumbed 12 to 16 months after planting in comparison to 52.8 to 92% of the local Cavendish types. Internal and external symptoms of the different clones were compered in another field trial 6 months after planting. On the basis of internal symptoms Dwarf Cavendish were less affected externally than the other two. Of the second group SH 3362 showed markedly fewer external symptoms than the GCTCV clones. This implies that SH 3362 is more tolerant to Fusarium wilt than the GCTCV clones, which in turn are better than the standard cultivars. These findings suggested that both internal and external symptoms should be considered when screening banana varieties for tolerance to Fusarium wilt. Horticultural Characteristic of the GCTCV clones are not as yet acceptable but selection is continuing.

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Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 92989

Screening for Fusarium wilt resistance using banana meriplants


Pedrosa, Jr, AM
Philippine Phytopathology 31 (2): 59-75 (1995)

Abstract:
Banana meriplants produced through tissue culture were tested for suitability as material for screening for Fusarium wilt resistance. The reaction of the meriplants after inoculation with known isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense was first compared with Musa balbisiana seedlings. The disease reaction of the test meriplants was evaluated after 60 days by scoring the above ground symptoms using a rhizome discoloration index. The number of discoloured rhizomes from which F. oxysporium f. sp. cubense could be re-isolated was used as the basis for percentage infection. The results of the inoculation experiments established the standard for evaluating the resistance of candidate clones when inoculated with known isolates of F. oxysporium f. sp. cubense. The suitability of banana meriplants for screening for Panama disease resistance had been verified with all the inherent advantages of handling smaller plants. The standard procedure used meriplants at the 6 to 8 leaf stage which were transplanted into highly infested soil in cement beds and evaluated after 60 days. The clones showing no rhizome discoloration were advanced to the secondary test in cement beds infested separately with identified virulent isolates. The plants were evaluated after another 60 days. Plant that were not infected in the secondary test were multiplied and tested simultaneously in the concrete culverts with sealed bottom and under field conditions. The plants were subjected to a broad collection of isolates in the culverts while their agronomic and commercial potential were being observed in the field. A4-fold increase (35%) in the number of uninfected plants were obtained from the populations that were advanced to the secondary screening. Four clone were identified as highly resistant in the secondary screening which were advanced to field testing.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 92990

Screening of banana varieties for resistance to Fusarium wilt (Panama disease) in the Philippines


Pedrosa, Jr, AM
Philippine Phytopathology 31 (2): (1995)

Abstract:
A collection of banana varieties was established adjacent to two commercial banana plantations in Davao del Norte and Bago-Oshiro, Bureau of Plant Industry Experiment Stations, Mintal, Davao City. These collections were tested for Panama disease resistance. Priority was given to varieties with commercial potentials. Preliminary observations of the varietal reaction to virulent isolates of Fusarium oxysporium f. sp. cubense were conducted using meriplants planted in 12-inch clay pots in the greenhouse. Evaluation were based on the disease severity index and the rhizome discoloration index taken 60 days after inoculation. Varieties exhibiting resistance were planted around newly eradicated infected mats in the field. The varieties were considered susceptible when they become infected. Those that remained uninfected were multiplied and planted in additional sites. The experiments identified 41 highly susceptible varieties. Among the AAAs, Ipod and a Roy Kerr accession have shown resistance to Panama disease. The ABBs were observed resistant under field conditions. Of the ABBs, only Latundan Tsina had shown resistance in the greenhouse tests. Of the AAs, Senorita, Inarnibal, Pisang Lilin and Pisang Kelat have shown moderately resistant to immune reaction when suckers were inoculated in the greenhouse.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 92992

Current research on Fusarium wilt of banana in Australia


Moore, NY; Peggi, KG; Langdon, PW; Smith, MK; Whiley, AW
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chiuju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p270-276

Abstract:
Two-hundred and forty-five Australian isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (FOC) have been characterised using vegetative comparability group (VCG) analysis and volatile (odour) production on starch substrates. Six VCGs exist among Australian isolates of FOC, and VCG correlates well with race and volatile production. All race 4 isolates (VCGs 0120, 0129, 01211) belong to the "odoratum" group. Race 1 (VCGs 0124, 0124/5, 0125) and race 2 (VCG 0128) isolates do not produce odour and have been placed in the "inodoratum" group. Race 1 is widespread, having been detected in northern and southern Queensland as well as northern New South Wales, where it limits the production of Lady Finger. Race 2, which effects Bluggoe, has a more limited distribution having only been found at two localities in northern Queensland. Race 4, which attacks the cultivars above as well as Cavendish, is present in northern New South Wales and southern Queensland. Musa germplasm had been assessed for resistance to races 1 and 4 to FOC at two field screening sites in south-east Queensland. Williams (AAA), SH3142 (AA), SH3362 (AA), SH3481 (Prata ana x SH3142, AAAB), Pisand Susu (AAA), Pisang Ramo (AAB), Pisang Nangka (AAA), Kluai Khai Bong (AAA), Kluai Pa (AA), Mysore (AAB), TU8 (AAAA) and Kuma Kuma (AA) were highly resistant to race 1. Most cultivars tested were susceptible to race 4 except Mysore (AAB), Dwarf Parfitt (AAA) and its putative mutant. Giant Parfitt (AAA), SH3362 (AA) and SH3142 (AA). In a preliminary test, SH3481 also appears resistant to race 4. Dwarf Parfitt is the only member of the Cavendish subgroup with resistance to race 4. Relatively high chlorophyll concentrations and the effective photosynthetic activity the cultivar maintains during periods of cold stress may be key factors in its resistance to race 4 in Australia.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 93012

Effect of ultraviolet irradiation on banana fruit rot caused by Lasiodiplodia theobromae (Pat.) Griff. and Maubl.


Mortuza, MG; Ilag, LL
Philippine Phytopathology 33 (1): 1-8 (1997)

Abstract:
One-celled spores of Lasiodiplodia theobromae lost their viability after 11-min exposure to ultraviolet light (UV) (wavelength 254 nm) whereas two-celled spores were stimulated to germinate and germ tube elongation proceeded even after 30 min exposure. Mycelia of L. theobromae exposed to UV light were able to survive up to 20 min. Disease reduction was not correlated with the duration of exposure of banana fruits to UV light. Banana fruits exposed 10 min resulted in least rotting. Banana fruits exposed to UV light 12 hr after inoculation with L. theobromae at the rate of 500 or 1,000 conidia/ml were completely protected from rotting. Irradiated banana fruits developed bronzing on the exposed surface.

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University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 93022

Performance of semi-dwarf banana cultivars in Taiwan


Tang, CY; Chu, CK
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chiuju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-48 December 1982; p43-52

Abstract:
Reduction of plant height in banana is urgent needed in Taiwan for 2 reason: to reduce yield loss typhoon and to reduce labour because of the increase in labour cost. Since 1986 a series of experiments were conducted to evaluated the potential of 5 exotic semi-dwarf cultivars. Among them, Cavendish B.F. from Barbados and Umalag from the Philippines were the best cultivars which gave similar yield potential as the local cultivars, Pei Chiao. In 1988 and 1991, further studies were carried out in farmers field in the southern and central regions to verify their performance in different environments. Results indicated that the yield of Cavendish B.F. was higher than that of Umalag and was similar to the check cultivars. But the plant of Umalag was the shortest and the bunch shape was uniform. Semi-dwarf cultivars had demonstrated better wind tolerance than the local check. The percentage of lodging caused by strong wind in the 2 years was 1.6 to 28.4% in semi-dwarf cultivars while it was 10.4 to 4801% in the check cultivar. Farmers response to these semi-dwarf cultivars was positive.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 93023

System approach to optimizing banana cropping sequence and acreage in Taiwan


Lin, ML
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Developments in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chiuju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p53-60

Abstract:
Unpredictable market usually affected banana production for the past 40 years in Taiwan. The reason were attributed, in part, to un-favourable weather as well as inappropriate planting time and acreage. An empirical model was first developed to predict yields for different producing months. Based on harvest record of the previous year and the projected quantity of exports, a linear programming was formulated to optimize the ideal cropping sequence and acreage for banana production in Taiwan. Using 1984 production data, commuted solution indicated that planting 1,507,416 and 1,286 ha in February, March, and April is recommended for Kaohsiung; whereas 1,553 ha of banana farms are suitable for May planting in Pingtung. Sensitivity analysis was also used to estimate potential exportable yields for banana trade in Taiwan with land resources 4,851 ha producing 7.8 million boxes of bananas for export. Linear programming is, therefore considered a new problem solving technique appropriate for better decision making, sustaining banana production in Taiwan.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 93033

A promising cavendish clone resistant to race 4 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense


Hwang, SC; Chao, CP; Ko, WH
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chiunju, Pingtung, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p62-74

Abstract:
A large number of meristem plantlets of Giant Cavendish were used to screen for resistance to Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Race 4). Among 10 resistant clones obtained thus far, GCTCV-215-1 appears to be the most promising for commercial planting because its ogronomic characters, productivity ad fruit quality were comparable to the parental Giant Cavendish. The resistant clone was planted in 700 ha of wilt-infested banana orchards in Taiwan in March-May 1990 as an emergency measures for controlling the disease. Harvest was completed in July 1991. Results of field survey showed that the percentage of Fusarium wilt of GCTCV-215-1 was 4.8%, compared to 39.1% in Giant Cavendish. The clone took about 13 months from planting to harvest, about 30-40 days longer that Giant Cavendish. It is about 18 cm taller and slightly slender than Giant Cavendish. The number of hands and fingers per bunch was about the same between GCTCV-215-1 and Giant Cavendish. The fruit ripened normally upon ethylene treatment. The incomes of 3 or 4 Giant Cavendish farmers surveyed were under the cost of production because of heavy losses to Fusarium wilt, After converting to GCTCV-215-1, they enjoyed a net profit ranging from $ 15,000 to 330,000 N.T. dollars per hectare. Planting of GCTCV-215-1 was expanded to over 1,500 ha in 1991; filed survey showed that Fusarium wilt indices in GCTCV-215-1 and Giant Cavendish were 6.1 and 33.6%, respectively.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 93040

A field comparison of conventional suckers with tissue culture banana planting materials over three crop cycles


Robinson, JC; Fraser, C; Eckstein, K
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Developments in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chiunju, Pingtung, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p31-42

Abstract:
A randomised block split-plot experiment was established at Burger-shall Research Station to compare 3 cultivars (William, Dwarf Cavendish and Grand Nain) and 3 types of planting material (conventional 2kg pared suckers, 200 and 500mm high tissue-cultured plants rooted in bags). In the first crop cycle (P), tissue-culture (TC) plant sere up to 300mm taller than conventional suckers (CON) at flowering. Over all 3 cultivars, TC plants yielded 56 t/ha/annum which was 20.4% higher that CON plants, due to larger bunches and a shorter cycle to harvest. Williams and Grand Nain yielded similarly at 54 t/ha/annum which was 9% more than Dwarf Cavendish. There were 1.76% distinct soma-clonal mutants in the plantation of 1,700 plants. In the second crop cycle (R1), there was a significant carry-over effect with TC plants, as shown by the increased vigour and sized of the first ratoon followers selected on TC mother plants. Such TC followers out yielded CON followers by 18.6% in the second cycle, almost matching the first cycle. In the third crop cycle (R2) there was no difference in plant size between TC and CON, although a yield increase of 9.6% in favour of TC was obtained, indicating a reduced carry-over effect of TC by the third cycle. After 3 cycles, the average annual yield increase with TC was 19.4% for Dwarf Cavendish, 15.0% for Williams and 13% for Grand Nain.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 93041

Response of in vitro banana plantlets to plant growth retardants


Reuveni, O; Golubowicz, S
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chiuju, Pingtung, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p141-146

Abstract:
The potential use of plant growth retardants was studied for Musa conservation in the dark. This report describes the response of in vitro banana plantlets cv Williams to the following retardants; abscisic acid (ABA), p-chlorophenoxyisobutyric (PCIB), daminozied, chlormequat and the anti-gibberellins; uniconazole, paclobutrazol and anymidol. All chemicals were found to be effective in suppressing growth as expressed by reduction in new leaf production and plant height. Two main differences in response were found between retardants. Relative high concentration (>100 mg/l)were needed when PCIB, daminozide and chlormequat were used, while relatively low concentrations (1-5 mg/l) were found to be effective in reducing plantlets. height when the anti-gibberellins were used. The other effect found by the anti-gibberellins included dramatic reduction in leaf size, plantlets compactness and the high leaf production at the lower concentrations. The use anti-gibberellins for Musa conservation is discussed from the view point of keeping a continuously growing shoot in culture whereby its upper part can be dissected and sub-cultured periodically.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 93042

Banana micro-propagation system in Taiwan


Lee, SW; Hwang, SC
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chiuju, Pingtung, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p172-178

Abstract:
Banana meristem culture was first reported in Taiwan in 1972 and applied to the mass propagation of plantlets in 1983. Adventitious buds were induced from decapitated shoot apex to sucker in a modified MS medium (containing 5 ppm BA, 2 ppm 1AA and 160 ppm adenine sulphate). Suckers used in micro-propagation were indexed for BBTV using ELISA test. Clusters of adventitious buds were dissected repeatedly to increase in plantlets which after acclimatized in the screened nursery for 2 to 3 months can be supplied for planting in the field. This micro-propagation system is a co-operative between Taiwan Banana Research Institute (TBRI) and the Taiwan Provincial Fruit and Marketing Co-operative. Planlets are transplanted in plastic pots for 2 to 3 months and supplied to growers for field establishment between February and June. Micro-propagated banana planlets have higher survival rate, more vigorous and uniform growth compared to suckers. Within the last decade, a total for 15 million plantlets have been distributed for field planting. The occurrence of off-types was observed to be 2 to 3%. The cultivars propagated are Pei Chiao (Giant Cavendish), Tai Chiao No 1 (resistant to Fusarium wilt) and Cavendish B.F. (a selected semidwarf cultivar). On going research is aimed at improving the quality of plantlets and to reduce production cost.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 93089

Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration of banana cultivars, Musa cv. mas (AA) and Musa cv. Rastali (AAB)


Jamalluddin, SH; Novak, SJ
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chiuju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p201-212

Abstract:
Plants regenerated from callus and cell suspension procedures usually achieve higher variation than would plants regenerated from meristems and shoots tips. To achieve a workable protocol that would consistently give a high percentage of plant regeneration would benefit breeders considerably by providing an alternative and much needed source of variation for the banana-plantain improvement programs. Somatic embryo-genesis and plant regeneration was achieved for the 2 cultivars under study, Pisang Mas (AA) and Pisang Rastali (AAB). Rhizome tissue and basal leaf-sheaths were used as starting materials and were inoculated onto modified Schenk and Hilderbrandt (SH) medium supplement with 30uM3, 6-dichloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid (Dicamba). Attempts were also made to enhance and increase calli production by adding 10uM of Thidiazuron at the callus initiation stage. Subsequent initiation of cell suspension (one week) and maturation of somatic embryos (four week) were kept in liquid media-containing half strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 10ml Staba vitamins and 10uM zeatin respectively. The finals stage of the conversion of somatic embryos to plantlets (1 to 4 weeks) occurred on a double layer medium. The lower solid medium consisted of half strength MS medium supplemented with 10uM zeatin and 1.5g/l charcoal while the upper liquid medium consisted of half strength MS medium supplemented with 10ml Staba vitamins. Besides achieving plant regeneration, the preliminary studies also indicated that comparable plant regeneration capacity was obtained from friable and compact calli from rhizome tissue while plant regeneration from leaf-sheaths was obtained from the friable calli only. In general, clone effects on calli production, characteristics and plant regeneration were observe. Pisang Mas gave higher frequency of compact calli the Pisang Rastali under similar treatments. While friable calli production was equally abundant for both clones, however, final plant regeneration was higher in Pisang Rastali than Pisang Mas.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 93090

Advance in studying water relations in the banana and other plants


Milburn, JA
Proceedings; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chiuju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p114-132

Abstract:
The banana is an herbaceous plant with fleshy tissue and very little lignified tissue. It also exudes latex (also called "mucilaga") very freely. Possibly this explains why, in spite of its enormous economic importance, its water relations have been studied so little because special techniques are needed to deal with the copies amounts of latex which often exude on wounding. Conventional techniques, such of latex which often exude on wounding. Conventional techniques, such as pressure chamber or psycho-meter, are rendered virtually use-led. Initial studies exploited latex exuding from the banana to enable banana water potential to be measured for the first time. Our studies showed that the banana is an exceptionally highly hydrated plant most of the time, when compared with other plant species. Even during prolonged but gradual drought, during which older tissue progressively died, the plant water potentials never fell below-0.4MPa. In subsequent work, these techniques have been extended using acoustic analysis to determine the incidence and water potential range of cavitation. Cavitation extends over the range ca.0.4 to -1.0MPa. Leaves cavitate when the normal stomatal regulatory controls have been overcome causing a sudden reduction in water balance, which can occur from high isolation. More efficient methods have now been developed to collect the critical samples for latex rapid measurements. The punctured laticifers behave like ideal osmo-meters, deeply embedded within the tissue of the banana, soon reaching hydraulic equilibrium with the intact cells of the plant. By analysing the osmotic potential of this equilibrated latex, one can really estimate the water potentials of whole banana plants. More recently the leaf movements have also been analysed further and quantified, providing a most useful technique for the non-destructive monitoring of water-balance on a daily basis. Water potential measurements of a banana plant is a far more precise way to estimate the accessibility to the plant of water, and hence one should be able to predict the benefits of irrigation's fruit yield with much greater precision than previously.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 93108

Advances in studying water relation in the banana and other plants


Milburn, JA
Proceeding; International Symposium on Recent Development in Banana Cultivation Technology; Taiwan Banana Research Institute; Chinju, Pingting, Taiwan; 14-18 December 1982; p114-132

Abstract:
The banana is an herbaceous plant with fleshy tissues and very little signified tissue. It also axudes latex (also called "mucilage") very freely. Possibly this explains why, in spite of its enormous economic importance, its water relation have been studied so little because special techniques are needed to deal with the copious amounts of latex which often exude on wounding. Conventional techniques, such as pressure chamber or psychrometer, are rendered virtually useless. Initial studies exploited latex exuding from the banana to enable banana water potentials to be measured for the first time. Our studies showed that the banana is an exceptional highly hydrated plant most of the time, when compared with other plant species. Even during prolong but gradual drought, during which older tissues progressively died, the plant water potentials never fell below 0.4MPa. In subsequent work, these techniques have been extended using acoustic analysis to determine the incidence and water potential range of cavitation. Cavitation extends over the range ca. 0.4 to 1.0MPa. Leaves cavitate when the normal stomatal regulatory controls have been overcome causing a sudden reduction in water balance, which can from high isolation. More efficient methods have now been developed to collect the critical samples for latex rapid measurements. The punctured laticifers behave like ideal osmometers, deeply embedded within the tissues of the banana, soon reaching hydraulic equilibrium with the intact cells of the plant. By analysing the osmotic potential of this equilibrated latex, one can really estimate the water potentials of whole banana plants. More recently the leaf movements have also been analysed further and quantified providing a most useful technique for the non-destructive monitoring of water-balance on a daily basis. Water potential measurements of a banana plant is a far more precise way to estimate the accessibility to the plant of water, and hence one should be able to predict the benefits of irrigation as fruit yield with much greater precision than previously.

Availability :
Post Harvest Training and Research Center, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 94834

Collection, conservation and characterization of bananas and plantains


Cantila, MS; Loquias, VL; Pascua, OC
8th National Fruit Symposium;Elvira O. Tan Hall, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD);Los Baños, Laguna;14-16 November 2000

Abstract:
The South-East Asia Banana Plantain Germplasm Resource Center in Bago Oshiro, Davao City had 185 accessions of inferior and excellent quality bananas and plantains from Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and in the Philippines. They were arranged and planted in the field according to genomic constitu- tion. They were characterized using the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) Banana Descriptors. Lakatan (AA), latundan (AAB) and cardaba or saba (BBB) are commonly consumed cultivars and considered very good to excellent quality Philippine cultivars. However, other than these cultivars, preliminary identification of 9 potential dessert and 4 cooking bananas was made. The basis of identification was on the flavor, texture and eating quality of the cultivars. Then, their morphological characters were described. For dessert bananas, they are amas, ambon, inarnibal, kinamay dalaga, morado, oma, inangel, hilao-hinog and moradong puti. For cooking type, they are abuhon, mundo, turangkog and sabang puti.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 94837

Morphological diversity of Musa balbisiana Colla in the Philippines


Sotto, RC; Rabara, RC; Banasihan, IG
8th National Fruit Symposium;Elvira O. Tan Hall, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD);Los Baños, Laguna;14-16 November 2000

Abstract:
The edible bananas of the world have originated from two wild species, one of which is Musa balbisiana Colla. It is native to the Philippines where it is widely distributed owing to its vigor and possibly high resistance to pests and diseases. It has not yet been studied intensively and no subspecies have yet been described. Therefore, to estimate the genetic variation and conserve the diversity of M. balbisiana germplasm of the country, a two-and-a-half-yrar project entitled, "Genetic Diversity and Morphotaxonomic Variation of Musa balbisiana Colla in the Philippines" funded by the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) was undertaken on July 15, 1998. To date, 105 accessions from 24 provinces comprising 10 geo-political regions of the country have been collected and were established at the Institute Of Plant Breeding's (IPB) fruit genebank. Three hills were maintained per accession totaling 306 hills. A duplicate colection is being established at the Bureau of Plant Industry-Davao National Crop Research and Development Center (BPI-DNCRDC), Bago-Oshiro, Davao City which also maintains the SouthEast Asian Banana and Plantain Germplasm Resource Center. The different accessions were characterized for the whole plant, pseudostem, leaf, infloresecence, barct, male flower and fruit characters using the 1996 Descriptors for Banana (Musa spp.). Initial observations showed a wide diversity of M. balbisiana interms of morphological characters. Bunch appearance ranged from lax to very compact; bunch weight from 3-41 kg and number of developed hands per bunch from 1-15. Color of mature green fruits ranged from green to light green. A silvery (waxy) form was also described. A wide variation of fruit shape was observed ranging from roundish to ellipsoid with a short to very prominent constriction at the apex. Fruit weight ranged from 50.5-227.9 g. Male bud characters were also highly variable with male bud diameter ranging from 9-18 cm, length from 15-3- cm and male bud shapes ranging from ellipsoid to ovoid. Compound tepal color of the male flower ranged from cream to pink while free tepal color ranged from translucent white to tinted with pink.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 94805

Regression equations for changes in quality characteristics of ripening banana (Musa sp.)


Gutierrez, HM
USM R and D Journal 7(1): 38-48(1999)

Abstract:
The study was undertaken to test three regression equations in describing quality changes in banana fingers during the ripening process. The quality characteristics or dependent variables modeled in this study were color, firmness and weight; the dependent variable as time. Overall, the three models were able to reasonable describe the color and weight changes of banana fingers during the 7-day ripening period of color change, starting from breaker where there was a 0.10% color change of the fruit. The quadratic and exponential models proved to be more accurate than the logistics model in describing the color index. The bananas used in this study fully ripened within 5-6 days after breaker as determined by the color index which reached a color index of 6 (fully yellow); firmness index attained a value of 3 (moderately soft) and cumulative weight reduction of 8.75% and 12.22% during the same period. Shortening the ripening process to three days or less can significantly reduce weight loss and enable a banana farmer to avoid monetary losses during ripening.

Availability :
University of South Eastern Philippines




NO. 94809

Prediction of yield of giant cavendish banana (Musa cavendishii Lambert)


Tan, A
The fruit bowl 1(2): 67-85(1983)

Abstract:
The study aims to formulate prediction equations for the yield of Giant cavendish banana based on measurements of preharvest plant characteristics, harvest and post-harvest characteristics and on some climatic factors. Data were collected at various stages of the growth of the Giant cavendish for the period of nine years. Units of measurements were those used by the plantation.

Availability :
University of South Eastern Philippines




NO. 94822

Vegetable planting calendar


Philippine Council for Agriculture Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD)

Vegetable Planting Calendar Information Bulletin: 200(2000)

Abstract:
This bulletin contains information on the planting season of vegetables. It Is designed to complement the information bulletin series, which give detailed guide in the production and management of a number of locally-grown vegetables.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 94897

A list of pollen plants visited by Italian honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) in Cebu, Philippines


Buot, IE; Baclayon, JL
The Philippine Scientist 30: 104-113(1993)

Abstract:
A total of 39 pollen types belonging to 22 families both cultivated and wild were identified as pollen sources of Italian honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) during the year-round pollen collection and analyses in Lahug, Cebu City, Philippines in 1992. Six species were the major sources. The number of pollen sources was highest in November and December, the lowest in January.

Availability :
University of San Carlos




NO. 93882

High yield pulping of abaca (Musa texilis Nee)


Torres, AS; Estudillo, CP; Austria, CO
Forest Products and Development Institute (FPRDI) Journal 23(1): 11-22(1997)

Abstract:
The response of abaca fibers to high yield pulping processes, viz., thermomechanical pulping (TMP), cold soda pulping (CSP) and neutral sulfite pulping (NSSC), was evaluated. The chemical charges, temperature levels, cooking duration, steaming level and soaking level were veried. The abaca mechanical pulps produced were subjected to fiber fractionation to determine the degree of refining done on the fibers. The pulps' optical and strength properties were determined and compared with imported pulps, viz., coniferous chemical pulp, thermomechanical pulp and chemithermomechanical pulp. The abaca mechanical pulp yields varied, ranging from 68 to 78% for TMP, 56 to 85% for CSP and 58 to 81% for NSSC. The TMP pulp had the most inferior properties. The fibers remained stiff and brittle which produced a lot of fines upon refining. This resulted in poor strength properties because of few interfiber bonding formed. On the other hand, NSSC and CSP pulps had much better strength properties than the imported pulps. The cold soda cooks produced a pulp with high percentage of long fibers retained in mesh 14(44.5 to 60.4%), which was comparable with the coniferous chemical pulp and even better than the chemithermomechanical pulp. Fiber length distribution in coniferous chemical pulp and in NSSC pulps produced at chemical charges of 8% Na2SO3 + 2% Na2CO3 at 160C for 90 min and 12% Na2SO3 + 3% Na2CO3 at 140C for 90 min was similar. Between CSP and NSSC pulps, the latter had higher optical and strength properties.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 93884

Biological bleaching of magabuyo (Celtis luzonica Wanb.) and abaca (Musa textilis Nee) using Trametes versicolor 52J


Giron, MY
Forest Products Research and Development Institute(FPRDI) Journal 23(1): 23-22(1997)

Abstract:
The delignication and bleaching ability of Trametes versicolor 52J was tested on magabuyo and abaca kraft pulps. Five-day-old starter cultures of the fungus were inoculated on 2% consistency pulp in a modified liquid medium. These were incubated at 26C and shaken at 200 rpm for 6 days. Brightness, opacity and other physical properties of the bleached pulps were evaluated and compared against those of a hardwood kraft pulp (HWKP 1739-07) Results showed that T. versicolor 52J caused a marked increase in brightness of the bleached pulps, i.e., 62.28% and 32% for magabuyo and abaca pulps respectively. Burst index, breaking length and fold number of the bleached pulps varied, but their kappa number decreased (52.29% in magabuyo and 44.81% in abaca). It appears that T. versicolor 52J can efficiently bleach magabuyo and abaca kraft pulps as it does HWKP. The amount of laccase and manganese peroxidase produced and the accumulation of methanol in the substrate indicated that the fungus was active in the bleaching process.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 94353

Effect of gamma radiation on the growth of storage rot-causing microorganism in banana under different incubation temperature I. var. lacatan


Flor, PQ; Pascula, FP; Valencia, I
Proceedings: Radioisotope Society of the Philippines,Inc. and the Philippine Society of Nuclear Medicine Joint Annual Convention 1973: 50-60

Abstract:
Four pathogenic fungi and some bacterial species were isolated and identified to cause rotting in lacatan. From the overall results obtained, inhibition of growth may be possible even when a dose as low as 50 krad and incubation temperature of 30=-2C were used. Further studies must be done on the lacatan itself to determine the radiation tolerance of the fruit.

Availability :
Scientific Library and Documentation Center; Philippine Nuclear Research Institute; Commonwealth Avenue




NO. 94369

Identify and pathogenicity of spiral nematodes associated with giant cavendish banana in Davao del Norte


Herradura, LE; Davide, Rg
Studies on Nematodes Affecting Bananas in the Philippines PARRFI Book Series No.1.1992.pp59-64.

Abstract:
Rotylenchus robustus was found to be assocaited with Cavendish banana in Davao del Norte. The species was identified by the presence of an incompletely areolated laterla field based on the taxonomic key of Sher(1965). Pathogenicity test using four inoculum levels(250,500,750,and100 nematode individuals per plant) showed that R.robustus is capable of infecting banana roots causing light to severe root necrosis in Cavendish and Butuan varieties.However,three months afetr nematode inoculation,no apparent above-ground symptom was detected.There were some evidences of root and top growth reduction in the infected plants but these were significantly different from those of the control plants three months after inoculation.

Availability :
Bureau of Plant Industry-Davao National Crops Research and Development Center




NO. 94370

Bugtok disease of cooking banana: I.Etiology and diagnostic symptoms


Soguilon, Ce; Natural, MP; Magnaye, LO
Philippine Phytopathology 30(1): 26-34(1994)

Abstract:
Bugtok disease of cooking bananas was conclusively fund to be caused by Pseudomonas solanacearum E.F.Smith.Results of cultural,morphological,biochemical and pahtogenicity tests revealed striking similarities between the bugtok bacterial isolates and P.solanacearum from other hosts.Bacterial cells were Grma negative,rod-shaped and measured about 0.5 to 1.5 to 4 um.Colonies of TZCA were irregular,convex and fluidal with or without pink centers.Artificially inoculated tomato seedlings and banana plantlets wilted.Bugtok symptoms on fruits were reproduced in artificially inoculated inflourescence.Two distint symptom types were observed from field infected fruits;namely the redish brown and the balck discoloration of the fruit pulp.In either case,the fruit pulp was hard especially in areas that were discolored.Discoloration was intense in the core of the fruit.Vascular tissues in the pedicels,fruits and stems,and leaf sheaths were also discolored becoming less intensse in parts taht are far from the fruits.If the male inflourescence(heart) was detached from the bunch,a bugtok infected plants cn not be differentiated from a healthy plant.With the male bud stil attachaed,bugtok infected plants cn not be recognized because the bracts fail to dehisce,giving it a loose and dry appearance.Healthy male inflourescence appear compact and succulent as theolder bracts dehisce successively at maturity.

Availability :
Bureau of Plant Industry-Davao National Crops Research and Development Center




NO. 94371

Screening techniques for banana leaf diseases under greenhouse condition


Herradura, LF; Carreon, CS
Philippine Phytopahtology 26(1-2)69(1990)

Abstract:
Inoculation methods were developed for four banana diseases:clipping method for black cross;swabbing of spore suspension for cordana and sigatoka leaf spots;and the combination of two methods for freckle.Removal of the waxy bloom prior to inoculation,addition of sticker and shorter incubation period favored the development of leaf disease.The inoculation techniques developed are used in the standard assessment of different banana cultivar in the genebank under greenhouse condition for resistance or susceptibility to any of the described leaf diseases.

Availability :
Bureau of Plant Industry-Davao National Crops Research and Development Center




NO. 94372

Survey etiology and control of the 'bugtok'disease of cooking banana


Soguilon, CE; Natural, MP; Magnaye, LV
Philippine Phytophatology 26(1-2): 69(1990)

Abstract:
Two distinct symptom types of 'bugtok' the red and the black,were observed to occur under natiral field conditions.The red symptom type ws observed in Cavite,Batangas,Quezon,Palawan,Leyte,Samar,Camiguin Island,Misamis Oriental,South Cotabato and Agusan del Sur while the black symptom type was observed in Davao City,davao del Norte,Davao del Sur,Davao Oriental and Bukidnon.It was only in Sultan Kudarat where no 'bugtok infection occurred.Chemical analysis of sol and leaf samples collected from areas with 'bugtok' did not differ significantly from those of samples collected from areas where the disease was no tobserved.Exudates were obtained after incubating the diseased peduncles and male axes for 2-4 weeks.Only under severe infections where milky exudates observed from freshly cut male inflourescences. The colonies of 'bugtok' isolates on tetrazolium chloride agar medium were white,irregularly round,convex,fluidal and with nil to faint pink formazan pigmentation in helical pattern.Pathogenicity tests showed that the 'bugtok' isolates could cause wilting of field grwon "Cavenndish'suckers tomato seedlinds and tissue culture-derived "Cardaba" palntlets.Black symptom type of infection wsa reproduced upon inoculating the shoots of tissue culture-derived 'Abuhon' plants.Results of tests conducted on the 'bugtok' isolates were all indicative that the disease was caused by a variant of the bacterium Pseudomonas solanacearum E.F.Smith.

Availability :
Bureau of Plant Industry-Davao National Crops Research and Development Center




NO. 94374

Phytopathological note:Inoculation techniques for screening resistance against disease of banana under greenhouse condition


Herradura, LE; Carreon, CR
Philippine Pytopathology 31(1): 54-57(1995)

Abstract:
Inoculation methods namely, clipping for black cross, swabbing of spore suspension or cordana leaf spot and yellow sigatoka and the combination of the two for freckle were developed for four banana diseases. Removal of the waxy bloom prior to inoculation period favored the development of leaf diseases. The inoculation techniques developed were used in the standard greenhouse assessment of resistance of different banana cultivars in the genebank to the above banana leaf diseases.

Availability :
Bureau of Plant Industry-Davao National Crops Research and Development Center




NO. 94375

IMTF black sigatoka evaluation trial


Magnaye, LV; Herradura, LE; Alforque, MA
Proceedings;2nd Global Integrated Management of Tropical Fruits (IMTF) Conference;March 3-5,1997,p.4

Abstract:
Twelve test accessions with lakatan as the local standard were planted at an experimental site of the Bureau of Plant Industry, Bago, Oshiro, Davao City, Philippines on June 20,1996. Initial results of the evaluation showed that among the test accessions, the local standard lakatan is the most susceptible among the genotype tested. It has the shortest disease development time(DDT) of 48.32 days with a youngest leaf spotted(YLS) of 7.122.During the sixth month of its growing phase, the disease severity was 46.01,the highest among the test accessions. The reference clone, Cavendish has a DDT of 48.31 and YLS of 6.66 with a disease severity of 48.63 during the sixth month and 48.64 on plants that have shooted. The plant that has the longest DDT is our negative Saba with a DDT of 8571 and YLS of 11.74.However, for the disease scoring, the lowest DS was recorded on Yangambi km 5 with only 6.15 followed by Saba with a DS of 12.60.

Availability :
Bureau of Plant Industry-Davao National Crops Research and Development Center




NO. 94376

The physiological age of harvesting cooking banana


Cantila, MS; Pascua, OC
The Philippine Journal of Plant Industry 59(3): 37-58(1994)

Abstract:
The study was conducted at Davao National Crop Research and Development Center, Bago, Oshiro, Davao City to establish the optimum hanging days of harvesting banana cv. cardaba determined from the appearance of the false hand. Results revealed that cardaba bunches could be harvested as early as 118 hanging days. At this stage, there are 4.0 functional leaves retained, bunch weight of 18.38 kg, second hand weight of 2.25 kg, finger weight of 115.32g and edible portion of 56.49 percent per finger, which is comparable to those harvested at 146 hanging days. Furthermore, finger diameter is 3.08cm, moderately filled, mature green peel while at the bunch occasional styles attached to the fingers and greenlife days of 7.75 days. The sensory evaluation of texture, sweetness and general acceptability both for cooked unripe and ripe is comparable to 146 hanging days. Results on the economic benefit indicates that there is an added value of P9.45 per bunch.

Availability :
Bureau of Plant Industry-Davao National Crops Research and Development Center




NO. 94379

Population density study on cooking banana cv. cardaba (Musa balbisiana)


Pascua, OC; Loquias, VL
The Philippine Journal of Plant Industry 60(1): 46-64(1995)

Abstract:
There were four-plant spacing tested for the cooking cultivar cardaba. It was conducted from 1990 to 1993 at Panabo, Davao del Norte. The results showed that the vegetative and reproductive plant characters were influenced by plant spacing. Plants at 3x3m and 4x4m were observed to be taller, have smaller pseudostem diameter compared to those planted at either 5x5 or 6x6m. Bunch weight yield likewise showed similar response where the lighter bunches came from the closer spacing and heavier bunches from the wider spacing. In like manner, heavier mean weight of hands are obtained from the 5x5m or 6x6m distancing. Other observations revealed that no pest was noted to infest the plants during the course of the study. However, incidences of bunchy-top, bugtok, black cross and bract mosaic was noted. Infection of bugtok occurred at the 3x3m and 4x4m distancing with the bunchy-top infecting plants for all treatments. Bract mosaic was confined to the 3x3m distancing. The profitability of the treatments were evaluated using the marginal rate of return (MRR) expressed in percentage, indicated that the 4x4m spacing was the most profitable. The MRR obtained was 113.20 per cent.

Availability :
Bureau of Plant Industry-Davao National Crops Research and Development Center




NO. 94413

Reaction of five abaca varieties to bacterial wilt caused by Pseudomonas solanacearum


Bastasa, GN
Philippine Journal of Crop Science 25(sup.1): 27(2000)

Abstract:
Five abaca varieties were screened for resistance/susceptibility to the bacterial wilt caused by Pseudomonas solanacearum by sap injection method whereby 1 ml sap from an infected host was collected and injected in to the petioles of the test plants with the use of a syringe. Variance analysis of disease severity using a rating scale of 1-9 where 1,highly resistant, and 9 highly susceptible was highly significant. Laguis having almost complete absence of disease symptoms with average disease rating of 1 - 1.2 for six evaluation periods was highly resistant. Inosa, Linawaan and Laylay with average disease rating of 1.2-6.2 were intermediate, whereas Putian with a consistent disease rating of 9 throughout the evaluation period was highly susceptible.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippines Country Office




NO. 94424

Can manipulation of root systems improve tolerance to stress environments in bananas?


Aguilar, EA; Santos, PJA; Tamisin, LL
Philippine Journal of Crop Science 25(sup.1): 46(2000)

Abstract:
Waterlogging is a prevalent problem in banana plantations of the tropics, like the Philippines, with regular occurrences of long and heavy rains. Bananas suffering from waterlogging have reduced yield and plant size, restricted root growth and shallow root systems. Strong winds, accompanying the heavy rains during typhoons further aggravates losses in production. Bananas are sensitive to strong winds, particularly during fruiting. The traditional focus on selection for heavier and bigger bunches consequently impose a lot of strain on the root system, an equally important area of research that is long ignored. The development of root systems that are better able to support the plant is a potential strategy for varietal improvement in banana (Price,1995). Wide genotypic and phenotypic variation in root characteristics of banana and plantain cvs. were reported but no data is available for the local cvs. to stress environments through the manipulation of the root systems. A field experiment set-up at the Central Experimental Station, University of the Philippines Los Baños (CES,UPLB) will characterize the root and shoot growth of banana cvs. Saba, Lakatan and 40-dias in response to depth of planting and fertilizer source at different growth stages. A controlled experiment in cemented tanks established at the Institute of Plant Breeding (IPB), UPLB will determine the waterlogging tolerance of banana cvs. Saba, Lakatan, Latundan, 40-dias and Tindok at 4, 8, 12, and 24 weeks after transplanting. The force required to uproot the plant under different treatments will also be determined and correlated with the root and shoot growth characters of the different cvs. using a spring balance. Data gathering is on-going..

Availability :
PROSEA Philippines Country Office




NO. 94439

The postharvest behaviour of 'saba' banana subjected to waterlogged conditions during development


Villodres, NA; Lizada, MCC
Philippine Journal of Crop Science 25(sup.1): 63(2000)

Abstract:
The postharvest changes of 'Saba' banana fruits from plants in well-drained and water logged areas where characterized and compared to determine the difference in behaviour and quality, and whether the difference could associated with stress response. Fruits from waterlogged plants exhibited accelerated ripening. This was accompanied by increases in levels of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) and ethylene which control the onset of various physico-chemical changes associated with ripening: color development, decrease in peel and pulp firmness, hydrolysis of starch, accumulation of sugars and decline in alcohol-soluble solids (AIS) content. Green-and shelf-life were also reduced compared to fruits from plants in the well-drained area. Stress-related changes such as earlier onset of ethylene and ACC increases, which accelerate ripening, could be attributed to stress experienced by the plant during growth and development. These changes might be useful as indicators of potential quality problems that require thorough planning even before the production period.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippines Country Office




NO. 94950

Packaging and transport of "cuarenta dias" banana


Agravante, JU; Feliciano, KM; Lizada, MCC
The Philippine Agricultural Scientist 83(3): 244-245(2000)

Abstract:
'Cuarenta dias', a small thin skinned, aromatic variety of table banana and widely grown in Cavite, is very susceptible to finger drop. Fruits packed in newspaper-lined bamboo baskets placed upright on a horizontal wooden divider inside a jeepney had the same amount of bruising and finger drop and the same rate of ripening as those packed in baskets, also newspaper lines, stacked one on top of the other and lying on their sides, whether the basket was placed on top of or beneath another basket. However, damage caused by the weight of the fruits on top of another fruit or the container of fruits on top (compression damage) was highest in bamboo baskets lying on their sides and positioned at the bottom and least in baskets standing upright on the divider. Damage in fruits packed in bamboo baskets transported atop wooden dividers was comparable to damage in fruits packed in plastic crates, even when the plastic crates had to be placed on top of the vehicle, the only place where they could be accommodated. Plastic crates may be advantageous, however, during long-distance transport. In this study the fruits were transported for 2 h along concrete roads under relatively cool conditions.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 94393

A study on plant characters, fiber quality, and cytology of some abaca (Musa textilis Nee) hybrids


Moreno, LO
Philippine Journal of Crop Science 25(sup.1): 10(2000)

Abstract:
A study on plant characters, fiber and cytology of some abaca hybrids was conducted to determine the relationship of plant and fiber characters of abaca hybrids and their parents, determine their meiotic and chromosome number, pollen fertility and spore formation, and to compare their fiber yield. Four abaca varieties and 11 hybrids/progenies were studied. The results revealed that chromosome association in the cells of these varieties and hybrids were variable. The chromosome counts ranged from n=6 to n=11,and 2n-12 to 2n=20 with n=10 and 2n=20 occurring predominantly. Generally, meiosis in abaca varieties and hybrids was normal, although, chromosal aberrations like laggards and clumping or sticking of chromosomes were also observed. High pollen fertility (85 to 98%) and normal tetrad spore formation(72.39%) were observed in all the test hybrids and varieties. More than fifty percent (55.61%) of the morphological characters(vegetative and inflorescence) studied were inherited by all the hybrids from both parents. In general, the hybrids performed better than the parents/varieties in terms of horticultural parameters and yield and yield components.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippines Country Office




NO. 94611

Mechano-chemical pinukpok processing technology for indigenous fibers


Cuchon, CM; Rico, MS; Sipin, TM
Philippine Institute if Chemical Engineers Journal 1(8): 13-16(1999)

Abstract:
The DOST through PTRI in its endeavor to revitalize the fledging abaca handicraft industry which principally sustains the abaca farmers, has succeeded in producing a high-value abaca product traditionally known as "pinukpok" to become textile product of high export potential. This was made possible through the development of motorized rotary press and chemical treatment process which find application in the handloom woven abaca cloth. This paper presents a pinukpok processing technology for indigenous fibers that would upgrade the manual method of producing the required appearance of finished products. The raw abaca fibers hand-woven to predetermined fabric construction is set in the motorized rotary press in 10 meters length and sewn into loop for continuous processing operation. Then it is impregnated in a through containing solution of 20 g/l cationic softening agent to obtain the desired softness. Afterwards, the chemically softened fabric is presses in rollers in gradually increasing and at a speed of 5m/min. Normally, the fabric is passed in six(6) cycles after which it is dried. It is finally passed dry through the pressing rollers 3 more times or until the desired flattened , supple and compact appearance is attained. The process cater to the utilization not only of abaca but also pineapple and other indigenous fibers towards production of high-value added textile products.

Availability :
Scientific Library and Documentation Center; Philippine Nuclear Research Institute; Commonwealth Avenue




NO. 94612

Development of Philippine tropical fabrics


de Guzman, ZI; Mangalindan, NB; Marin, EM; de Leon, MS
Philippine Institute of Chemical Engineers Journal 1(8): 27-38(1999)

Abstract:
The development of an array of textile materials from indigenous fibers like abaca, banana and pineapple had been conducted with two major objectives-to judiciously utilize the country's abundant natural resources and to introduce a new set of fabrics that is distinctly Filipino. The prospects and potentials of the nation's rich and easily replenishable resources for the production of high quality clothing have been sought along with the government's thrust for export, product development, employment generation and regional development. This study explored the feasibility of upgrading the over-all productivity in the use of abaca fibers namely banana and pineapple for textile on a split- to-scale level. The traditional process of textile manufacture was infused with appropriate scientific methodologies and industrial machineries to ensure a standardized quality of the resulting fabrics of globally competitive properties, and to hasten the production so as to cope up with rapidly changing technologies and increasing demand of the textile industry. The process involved four major phases. First, fiber pretreatment which converts the raw fibers into spinnable form thru a series of biological, chemical and mechanical treatments. Second, spinning which transform the fiber strands blended with polyester fibers into a single yarn at desired fineness and twist. Third, weaving which refers to the interlacing of warp and weft yarns to construct fabrics, and fourth, finishing which improves the appearance, handle and performance of the fabric by the application of appropriate textile finishes. The treatments yielded an array of fabrics composed of ployester/banana, polyester/banana/silk, polyester/abaca, and polyester/pineapple with fiber blend ratios ranging from 60:40 to 75:25 (synthetic:natural). The fabrics were designed to be fashionable, functional and easy to care yet competitively priced. The promotion of the prototype fabrics was undertaken through the sponsorship of the Garments and Textile Export Board, when said fabrics were launched in the 1st International Manila Frame Market Week and fashion tableu in January 1997. The event participated in by the country's selected designers triggered interest from various textile sectors and garment producers. At the height of these developments and to seize the world-wide clamor for products that are natural, the commercial production of Philippine tropical fabrics had been initiated. Technology transfer scheme had been advocated to possible takers of the optimized fiber pretreatment technology. The institute had been working collaboratively with the Garments and Textile Export Board and the Fiber Industry Development Authority, and its partners in tropical fabric development like Manila Bay Spinning Mills and Weaver's Textile Mills, for commercialization to take place. Backwards linkages with corporate forms had also been established to ensure sustained production of banana and pineapple fibers for the ensuring commercialization. With the technology firmly established and the unceasing support of the industry for commercialization to take its course, a new set of textile materials could be introduced to the market. More importantly, the research will open up new avenues for livelihood and income for the impoverished Filipinos.

Availability :
Scientific Library and Documentation Center; Philippine Nuclear Research Institute; Commonwealth Avenue




NO. 94626

Studies on the population dynamics of nematodes in relation to yield loss of banana and evaluation of banana varieties for nematodes resistance


Davide, RG
NCRP (National Research Council of the Philippines) Research Bulletin 40(1): 1-26(1985)

Abstract:
Results on the evaluation of different banana cultivars for resistance to Radopholus similis Cobb and Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood showed that a number of these cultivars have resistance to nematode infection. Twenty five cultivars were resistant to R. similis were Amas, Galamay, Señora, Kachila, Lakatan, Manang, Pamotion, Tanggung, Katali, Kinawayan, Tiparot, Benendito, Binaliw, Cardaba, Mundo, Pulutan, Siosok, Turangkog, Velutina, Baokas, Katali sldg, Limnok manis, Ornate, Saba puti and Penipita. The cultivars that have resistance to M. incognita were Alaswe, Dakdakan, Inambak, Pastilan, Pugpogin, Mia-mauli, Paa Dalaga, Sinker and Viente Cohol. These resistant cultivars showed only trace infection of the nematodes. Majority of the cultivars screened were either susceptible or have intermediate reactions to the nematode infection. The population dynamics study revealed that the commercial banana cultivar Giant Cavendish was seriously damaged by both nematodes R. similis and M. incognita especially at high population density level resulting in more than 50% reduction in yield of the crop. Both nematodes R. similis and M. incognita especially at high population density level resulting in more than 50% reduction in yield of the crop. Both nematode species exhibited high degree of population fluctuation in soils and roots of banana cv. Giant Cavendish throughout the year. During the dry season (January-May) the population density was usually lower than those in the rainy season (June-December). These findings may serve as guide in determining the period on when a nematicide or other control measures can be applied effectively.

Availability :
Ateneo de Manila University




NO. 94657

Banana production and marketing practices of farmers in lower Apayao: Their socioeconomic effects


Villanueva, DD; Verzola, OG
Philippine Journal of Crop Science 21(sup. 1): 43 (1996)

Abstract:
The study aimed to determine the effects of production and marketing practices of the socioeconomic condition of banana farmers in the four municipalities of Luna, Pudtol, Flora, and Santa Marcela. Results reveal that farming experience, farm size and annual income are significantly related with the adoption of recommended banana production and marketing technologies. The level of adoption of banana production and marketing practices is significantly related with increase in income and improvement in quality of yields. These significant effects on increase in income gave credibility to the farmers and improved their socioeconomic status as evidence by their ability to acquire lighting facilities and luxuries such as Television/Betamax sets.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippines Country Office




NO. 94733

Polyphenols in cooking banana-changes during ripening and cooking and relation to astringency


Mendoza, EMT; Laurena, AC; Rodriguez, FM; Samonte, JL; Mabesa, LB
Philippine Journal of Crop Science 21(sup. 1): 76 (1996)

Abstract:
Table banana cultivars of Lakatan, Latundan and Bungulan had low levels of flavan-type of vanillin-positive polyphenols (0.10 to 1.96 mg catechin equivalents (CE/g) and also low levels of protein-precipitable polyphenols (0.05 to 0.59 mg tannic acid equivalents (TAE/g). Cooking banana cultivars, Saba and Gubao, had 10-fold and 4-to 10-fold higher levels of vanillin-positive and protein precipitable polyphenols. The levels of phenolic compounds decreased by 6-to-7-fold in the pulp during ripening of banana cv Pundol which was accompanied by loss of astringency and significant lowering of degree of polymerization from 7.27 to 6.21. Gel permeation chromatography of methanol extracts of unripe and ripe pulp cv Pundol gave elution curves of similar molecular weight range. When green mature (unripe) Pundol pulp was cooked, flavan type phenolics increased from 2.79 to 4.56 CE/g while protein-precipitable polyphenols decreased from 2.14 to 0.65 mg TAE/g. There was loss of astringency and a significant decrease on the degree of polymerization from 7.27 to 3.87 upon cooking of unripe Punodl pulp. However, cooking the yellow mature ripe pulp of Pundol resulted in the significant increase of total phenols and protein-precipitable polyphenols as well as the degree of polymerization from 6.21 to 9.70 and the appearance of astringency. Gel permeation chromatography revealed the formation of large molecular weight component in the cooked samples.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippines Country Office




NO. 94737

Technoguide on abaca (Musa textilis Nee)


Fiber Industry and Development Authority;Quezon City;Philippines

Technoguide on Abaca,Fiber Industry and Development Authority: 1-5(n.d)

Abstract:
This guide give the botanical description, recommended varieties and the corresponding yield, cultural management, rate of fertilizer, pest and diseases control, maturity and harvesting, methods of fiber extraction and artificial standard grades.

Availability :
Technology Transfer and Information Division, Department of Environment and Natural Resources




NO. 94071

In-vitro determination of the antibacterial activity of tannin extract from the peelings of Musa errans against Staphylococcus aureus


Legaspi, C
Inventory of Health Researches : 140(1994-1996)

Abstract:
Peelings of the mature, unripe banana fruit, Musa errans(Saba) were subjected to extraction of its tannin was transferred to paper discs and tested for its antibacterial property against S.aureus with cloxacillin as control. No inhibitory zones around the paper disc was found even with increasing extract concentrations.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development; Department of Science and Technology




NO. 94136

Yield and nutrition of abaca (Musa textilis Nee) in relation to soil fertility


Bucad, RN
Bicol University Research and Development Journal 1(1): 16-26(1984)

Abstract:
In general, vegetative growth and fiber yield increased with NPK fertilization up to 50 kg N/ha, 40 kg P2O5/ha and 75kgK2O/ha, respectively, but decreased at higher fertilizer levels. Percent fiber recovery was not significantly affected by varying rates of NPK fertilizers. Tensile strength of the fiber, however tended to increase with K fertilization. Leaf N,P, and K generally but slightly increased with NPK fertilization respectively. These elements also increased with time from fertilization. Moreover, the amount of these nutrients in the soil likewise tended to increase slightly with NPK applications. The amount of Ca in the leaves and in the soil, including soil pH were not significantly influenced by the addition of varying rates of N P and K fertilizers. However, Ca in the leaves and in the soil tended to increase initially after NPK fertilization then decreased towards the end of the test period. Plant height did not significantly affect leaf N and P but affected leaf K. The shorter (100) plants gave significantly higher leaf K than the taller (150 cm)ones. Leaf rank significantly influenced leaf N and P but not leaf K. Younger leaves tended to have significantly higher N and P contents than the older ones. The second and third fully expanded leaves from the top gave statistically equal N values but greater than the fourth leaf, while the second leaf had significantly higher P content than both the third and fourth leaves. Samples taken from the third leaf of 100 cm plants two months after fertilization proved satisfactory for the study of the nitrogen status of abaca. For phosphorus, satisfactory result was obtained from both the second and third leaves of plants 100 cm and 150 cm high, respectively, four months after fertilization. The fourth leaf of 100 cm plants taken four months after fertilization proved satisfactory for the study of the potassium nutrition of abaca. There was no linear relationship between the concentra- tions of soil elements (N,P and K) and fiber yield, components. This may mean that soil analysis may not be as useful as leaf analysis for the diagnosis of the nutrient status of abaca except when availability is viewed against pH.

Availability :
One-Stop-Information-Shop, Highland Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium




NO. 93739

Milk production of goats when fed Gliricidia sepium and Erythrina poeppigiana forage supplemented with Musa sp. cv. pelipita


Rodriguez, Z; Benavides, JE; Chavez, C; Sanches, G
Proceedings;Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Walp.;Management and Improvement;Turrialba,Costa Rica;21-27 June, 1987;Withington,D;Glover,N;Brewbaker,JL(eds.);Nitrogen Fixing Tree Association Special Publication (87-01);Waiwanalo,USA;pp.212-216

Abstract:
The following study evaluated the effect of Gliricidia sepium and Erythrina poeppigiana forage, supplemented with Musa sp. cv. pelipita, on milk production when fed to goats. Ten lactating goats (Nubiana x Criollo cross) with an initial weight on 42.1 kg were used. Weight gain and milk production were measured every 7 days. Milk production was greatest when fed E. poeppigiana forage. The difference in treatments is explained by the abrupt low intake of G. sepium forage during the experiment. Young leaves, which may accumulate toxic substances, were not as palatable as the older leaves used at the beginning of the experiment. It is recommended that laboratory studies be done to determine possible chemical factors which influence palatability, taking into account age of leaves, season and genotypes.

Availability :
College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College




NO. 94176

Abaca fiber (Musa textilis Nee)-a potential local alternate to polypropylene mesh:a preliminary study


Ramos, AS; Solomon, JA
Inventory of Health Researches : 155(1994-1996)

Abstract:
Many synthetic material had been used to replace and reinforce the abdominal wall. The most widely used material is polypropylene mesh or marlex mesh by virtue of its chemical and physical properties as a good prosthetic material. Other synthetic products available in the market possesses this, however they are expensive and not readily available. An experimental using animal models (cats) to compare abaca fiber as test material from polypropy- lene mesh (PPM) or marlex mesh was decrease in the total colony count of bacteria in both groups. The mean decrement in the serum sodium and potassium was 5% and 2.26% respectively in the one day bowel preparation. One day bowel preparation using Castor oil and Hydrite solution is good alternative to the two-day bowel preparation.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development; Department of Science and Technology




NO. 94177

Comparative study between abaca fiber (Musa textilis) fishing line as structure material


Agudera, Rt; Erasmo, AA
Inventory of Health Researches : 172(1994-1996)

Abstract:
This study compares abaca fiber and fishing line then to standard silk based on its tissue reaction,economy,physical and chemical properties. This research also seeks the effectiveness of abaca fiber and fishing line as substitute surgical suture material. The materials used came from "Sabahon" variety of abaca, locally available fishing line marketed as "Omilon" and silk from B. Braun. The physical properties examined. The tensile strenght are measured at standard Testing Division (DOST). The tensile strength of each of the three sutures are measured three times; that is pre-autoclaved and autoclaved for abaca and silk, pre-sterilized and sterilized for fishing line and after 5 days in vivo. The three sutures were tried on Albino New Zealand rabbits abdomen. After six days the sutures were removed and tissues were sent to laboratory for tissue reaction examination. Fishing line performed with the best tensile strength. However, it needs at least four throws to secure a good knot and prevent it from slipping. It offers poor color contrast, which makes knotting difficult. Abaca gives good color contrast, good knot security and the most economical. Both of them runs through tissues smoothly and showed mild tissue reaction. In conclusion, abaca fiber and fishing line are relatively equal in terms of tissue reaction and tensile strength in vivo. Abaca has an advantage on color contrast and economy. Both are effective as an alternative and safe surgical suture material.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development; Department of Science and Technology




NO. 94192

Banana grafting


Tanggalin, RE
The Polytechnic Exchange 2(2): 32-35(1981)

Abstract:
The article discusses simple and easy to perform steps in grafting banana. Also discussed are importance of growing banana, planting requirements and plant valve. 2 grafting procedures described were:1)grafting together the corms of 2 small suckers and 2) rafting together 2 corms.

Availability :
Mariano Marcos State University




NO. 94978

The Philippine banana and mango industries


Quisumbing, EC(ed)
Proceedings; National Workshop-Consultation on Pre-and Postharvest Technologies of Banana and Mango; University of the Philippines; 19-20 November 1987

Abstract:
This report discusses the concerns of Mango and Banana growers and producers and some of the technical information on mango and banana.

Availability :
Mango Information Network (MIN); Crops Research Division (CRD)




NO. 94980

Food value of mangoes as compared to some common fruits


Crops Sector Division;HVCC-Mango Task Force

Proceedings; First Regional Mango Congress; Metro Centre, Tagbiliran City, Philippines; 20-22 July 2000; pp

Abstract:
This article present the major nutritional contribution of mango and other fruits commonly eaten.

Availability :
Mango Information Network (MIN); Crops Research Division (CRD)




NO. 94988

Banana cultivar names and synonyms in South East Asia


Valmayor, RV; Jamaluddin, SH; Silayoi, B; Kusumo, S; Danh, LD; Pascua, OC; Espino, RRC
Banana Cultivar Names and Synonyms in SouthEast Asia: INIBAP ISBN 971-91751-2-5 (2000)

Abstract:
This book present the synonyms and cultivar names of banana in SouthEast Asia.

Availability :
Mango Information Network (MIN); Crops Research Division (CRD)




NO. 94989

Banana propagation by shoot culture


Magnaye, LV; Zamora, AB; Escobido, EO
Technology ISSN 0115-7787

Abstract:
The banana propagation by shoot culture is described in this paper. This technique is being practiced by commercial growers in Mindanao with satisfactory results. Plantlets produced and grown bear quality fruits.

Availability :
Mango Information Network (MIN); Crops Research Division (CRD)




NO. 95335

Abaca-based base paper for currency note


Mabilangan, LC; Torres, AS; Mavi, EL; Estudillo, CP
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights '99; PCARRD, Los Baños, Laguna Philippines; 2000; 143p.; Belen, EH (ed); pp59-60

Abstract:
Mabilangan, Torres, Mari and Estudillo (FPRDI) developed a technology by which an inferior grade abaca fiber (Y2) blended at 50% to 80% proportion with wood pulp can be used in currency based paper prodcution. The properties of hard sheets from the pulp blends were comparable or even better than those sample Philippine currency note tested.|Based on a production rate of 1000t of currency base paper per year using FPRDI's pilot paper mchine. the manufacturing cost of base paper from a furnish of 60% abaca pulp and 40% wood pulp was estimated at US$2,870/t. On the other hand, the cost of imported currency paper is estimated at US$6,000/t. Hence, the use of this technology would be sufficient to eliminate the importation of currency base paper.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 95491

Detection of Pseudomonas solanacearum banana strains using DAN amplication techniques (best paper)


Ilagan-Aves, Y; Raymundo, AK; Denny, TP
Philippine Journal of Biotechnology 7(1): 55(1996)

Abstract:
A repetitive element from the banana (bugtok) strain of Pseudomonas solanacearum was cloned in the plasmid pBluescript. The insert present in the clone was sequenced. Based on the sequence of the opposite ends, primers were designed and used in amplification reactions. Polymerase chain reaction experiments resulted to amplification of a 1.5 kb fragment among the bugtok and moko isolates (Philippine strains). No amplification was observed with non-banana strains and non-P.solanacearum strains. This PCR-based techniques is a sensitive tool for the detection and identification of the pathogen in the field or in planting materials for quarantine purposes or for epidemiology studies.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 95683

Comparative effects of the different ripening agents on the two varieties of banana


Albeza, AM; Flauta, EF; Sison, LC
CMU (Central Mindanao University) Journal of Science 7(1): 147-148 (1994)

Abstract:
A laboratory experiment was conducted to: 1)compare the response of the different ripening agents on the two varieties of bananas, 2)assess the potentials of ehtrel as a substitute for Calcium Carbide in the ripening of bananas, and 3)evaluate the length of time required for bananas to ripened by using three different ripening agents. A complete Randomized Design (CRD) in 2x4 factorial experiment with three replications was used. The two varieties of bananas served as Factor A and the different ripening agents were assigned as Factor B. he results showed that out of the two evaluated factors only the ripening agents were found to have significant influence not only on the percenatge and rate of ripening but also on the number of fruit deterioration. Of the three ripening agents, calcium carbide, ethrel and passion fruits ranked first, second and third, respectively, as to the ripening percentage and the number of fruit deterioration. Passio fruits, however, surpassed the two other ripening agents. It was observed that lakatan fruit seemed to prefer the use of either passion fruits, ethrel, or calcium carbide while latundan favored the use of either ethrel or calcium carbide. It was further noted that ethrel could be used as a substitute of Calcium Carbide for the ripening of Lakatan and Latundan bananas. Of the three ripening agents, passion fruits hadthe earliest bananas that ripened. This was followed by those treated with ethrel and calcium carbide.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 92006

Making poultry feed from banana peel


Andres, RE
Greenfields 23 (5): 38-39 (1995)

Abstract:
Banana peel meal can be used as substitute for ground yellow corn in broiler diet.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 95792

Socio-economic characterization of farm cooperators for CARP-ISF community-based agroforestry livelihood r & d project in Region XI


Balmocena, BJ
Abstracts of Researches on Environment and Natural Resources in Region XI; Ecosystems Research and Development Service, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Region XI, Davao City; 1999,pp.18-19

Abstract:
Seventy-three (73) farmer cooperators of the CARP-ISF Community-based Agroforestry Livelihood R & D Project were interviewed. Fifty % (50%) of the farmer cooperators belongs to 40-59 years old, while 38.36% belongs to 20-39 years old. AS to the number of years of farm occupancy, 45% had occupied the area from 1-10 years. These farmers are Leyte¤o, Mandaya, Cebuano, Boholano, Ilongo, Surigaonon, Bawa, Diangan and Bagobo. The biggest group is Cebuano comprising 47%. The main source of income is farming. Other sources of income include labor,sales from tuba, carpentry, firewood gathering amd broom making. Major crops planted in the farm include coffee, coconut, banana corn cassava, cacao, gabi, camote, peanuts and vegetables. Farmers conduct plowing harrowing on soil tillage as a land preparation prior to planting of agricultural crops. Drought occurs in the project site which resulted to high mortality of seedlings. Landslide occurs in farms along gullies devoid of vegetation. The best means of communication for the sites is thru radio.

Availability :
Technology Transfer and Information Division, Department of Environment and Natural Resources




NO. 25530

Transient expression of gus activity in Pisang Mas (Musa acuminata)


Harikrishna, JA; Sabapathy, S; Othman, Y; Nair, H
Department of Botany; University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur

The Second National Congress on Genetics; 13-15 November 1996; Genetics Society of Malaysia; p293-296

Abstract:
A method for testing transient gene expression in a local variety of banana, "Pisang Mas" (Musa acuminata) Colia. AA group, Sucrier Subgroup), has been tested using the GUS (p-glucoronidase) gene expression system with gold particle bombardment. Leaf disks from very young shoots of suckers were used as explants for transient expression of GUS activity. A range of DNA concentrations, bombardment distances and rupture pressures were tested with both the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf Highest expression of GUS activity (up to 50 blue spots per cm 2) were obtained when the lower surface of the leaf was bombarded with 0.5mg DNA at a bombardment distance of 5cm and rupture pressure of 1100psi. Lower levels of expression (i.e. fewer spots) were also obtained with less DNA (0.25ug/shot), a greater bombardment distance (8cm) and lower rupture pressure (900psi). NO expression of GUS was observed in any of the control samples. This study demonstrates a simple method for studying transient gene expression in banana varieties.

Availability :
Rosli;Forest Research Institute Malaysia;Kepong;Selangor




NO. 25536

Improvement of pisang rastali (Musa AAB) through mutation induction


Siti Hawa, J; Zakri, AH; Mohd. Senawi, MT; Abdul Karim, AG; Mohamad, O
MARDI; P.O. Box 12301; 50774 Kuala Lumpur

The Second National Congress on Genetics; 13-15 November 1996; Genetics Society of Malaysia; p422-425

Abstract:
Rastali (AAB) banana or commonly known as 'Silk' is a very popular dessert banana not only in Malaysia but also in India, Philippines and Brazil. However its cultivation is limited due to its low yield and especially severe susceptibility to Fusarium wilt a major banana disease caused by the fungus, Fusarium oxysporum f sp. cubense. Conventional breeding carried out in Brazil and India have generated potentially tolerant clones but at the expanse of fruit quality. As an alternative breeding approach, mutation breeding was attempted,to obtain disease tolerant variants while retaining other important agronomic traits unchanged. Shoot tips of Pisang Rastali were subjected to gamma irradiation at 30 Gy and scaled up to a population of 2000 plants through in-vitro propagation for field screening and evaluation. Five potential variants, 08-02-128B, 08-07- 139B, 08-13-073, 08-02-128A, 08-07-139A, were identified which showed good disease tolerance. One variant 26-01-121 showed both 'earliness to flowering and dwarfness while two ' variants 08-07-017, 26-06-158 gave moderate disease tolerance and acceptable yields. Further evaluation of the progenies however will be carried out to determine the stability of their disease resistance and to further improve the agronomic traits.

Availability :
Rosli;Forest Research Institute Malaysia;Kepong;Selangor




NO. 25598

The cloning of TY 1-copia-like retrotransposons from 10 varie ties of banana (Musa sp)


Teo, CH; Yasmin, O; Harikrishna, K; Heslop-Harrison, JS; Trude Schwar zacher; Tan, SH
Genome Centre; Institute Bioscience; University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of 12th.National Biotechnology Seminar; Perak; 12-15 November 2000; p575-577

Abstract:
Ty 1-copia-like retrotransposons are suitable to be used as an RFLP marker due to the contribution of TY 1-copia- like retrotransposons to the diversity of plants species. Hence, this study details the cloning of T 1-copia like retrotransposons from banana varieties. Results obtained suggested that Ty 1-copia like retrotransposons are present in the banana species and are ubiquitious throughout the banana species and extremely heterogeneous in the same banana varieties. Data-base search proved all cloned fragments to be homologous to the RT gene of Ty 1- copia-like retrotransposons, with identities ranging from 85 to 97% for nucletide sequences search whereas for predicted amino acid serach, the identities ranges from 57 to 82%. The ubiquity and heterogeneity of the Ty 1- copia-like retrotransposons make them suitable markers for the determination of banana species biodiversity on Malaysia.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25613

Transformation Strategy Of A Banana cv. 'Pisang Mas' (Musa spp. AA Group) Through The Screening Of Competent Cells


Wirakarnain, S; Norzulaani, K; Yasmin, O
Institute of Biological Sciences; University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur.

Proceedings of the 12th National Biotechnology Seminar; Lumut; Perak; 12-15 November 2000; p505-508

Abstract:
A protocol for the production of banana cv. 'Pisang mas'(Musa spp. AA group) using competent meristem known as scalps has been developed. These cells are suitable material for mass propagation and induction of meristematic globule ' embryogenic callus and embryogenic cell suspension for use in transformation of banana cv. 'Pisang mas'(Musa spp. AA group). Scalps with average diameter of 3-5mm weighing of 500mg produced an average of 15 plantlets on Murashige and Skoog (1962) media supplemented with 1uM BAP and 1 uM IAA The scalps have shown 95% pro embryo callus formation on medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/l of picloram and distributed throughout the surface of the scalps. The efficiency of transient GUS (B-Glucuronidase ) gene expression in scalps were also evaluated after microprojectile bombardment with plasmid pBl 221 to identify the most suitable parameters to be use in transformation attempts in banana . Transient GUS gene was assayed after 24 hours which revealed the highest number of GUS positive spots (discrete blue) were obtained with the helium pressure of 1100psi with target distance of 9cm.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25790

Cryopreservation of wild banana embryos (Musa acuminata ssp.Malaccensis)


Chua, CK; Uma, RS; Lim, SP
Department of Crop Science Faculty of Agriculture; University Putra Malaysia; 43400 Serdang; Selangor

Transactions of the Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Vol. 10 (2001); Proceedings of the 12th. Plant Physiology Conference; 29 September 2001; p172- 174

Abstract:
Cryopreservation of wild banana was evaluated as an alternative technique for long-term germplasm preservation. Zygotic embryos of Musa acuminata ssp malaccensis survived freezing in liquid nitrogen after desiccation to below 14% moisture. The incorporation of a pretreatment step with basal media (control), 5% sucrose, 5% glycerol, 5% DMSO followed by desiccation increased survival after liquid nitrogen storage to approximately 70%.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25792

Field performance of Musa cv Mas (AA) generated through somatic embryogenesis


Siti Hawa, J
Horticulture Research Centre, MARDI G.P.O. 12301, 50774 Kuala Lumpur

Transactions of the Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Vol. 10 (2001); Proceedings of the 12th. Plant Physiology Conference; 29 September 2001; p179- 182

Abstract:
The popular commercially grown banana cultivars in the country are: Pisang Mas, Pisang Berangan, Pisang Rastali, Pisang Cavendish, Pisang Raja, Pisang Tanduk, Pisang Awak, Pisang Abu and Pisang Nangka. While Pisang Mas is an early bearer and produces superior fruit quality, its yield is low at about 10-14 kg/bunch. Improvement in yield is thus urgently needed for it to be commercially competitive as the Cavendish types which yield 25-30 kg/bunch. Pisang Mas improvement was attempted through the generation of variants through somatic embryogenesis and subsequent field evaluation and selection. Somatic embryos were first established from corm pieces followed by successful plant regeneration albeit low at about 1%. Subsequent field evaluation for the important agronomic characters (earliness to shooting, plant vigour, yield and fruit quality) were carried out for the variants generated in comparison with the controls generated from suckers and tissue culture (from meristematic shoot tips). Their comparative behaviour and usefulness of somatic embryogenesis for banana improvement were discussed in this paper.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25796

Peel morphology of Pisang Berangan during ripening


Phebe, D; Siti Hajar, A; Abd. Rahman, AR; Nazamid, S; Mahmud Tengku Muda Mohamed
Department of Crop Science; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang; Selangor

Transactions of the Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Vol. 10 (2001);Proceedings of the 12th. Plant Physiology Conference; 29 September 2001;p26-29

Abstract:
The peel surface of banana fruits consists of stomata and wax deposit. The stomatal density of Pisang Berangan was 4 stomata/mm at mature green stage and the density increased as ripening progressed. This could be due to shrinkage of peel. Stomatal density on the concave face of a finger was the highest among the five faces studied. The stem end of finger had the highest density of stomata, followed by mid region and floral end. Wax deposit that covered the hexagonal shapes of epicuticular cells formed papillae surface topography and those at the cuticular tips melted as ripening progressed.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25731

Changes in physical characteristics of 'Pisang berangan' (Musa sapientum L var berangan) following high temperature and Calcium carbide treatments


Ratule, MT; Osman, A; Saari, N; Ahmad, SH
Department of Food Science; Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology; Universiti Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

13th. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Conference: "Towards Sustainable Development in Agroforestry: New Paradigm for Plant Physiologists"; Kuala Lumpur; 10-12 September 2002; p23

Abstract:
The most obvious changes in ripening banana fruit are the loss of the green peel colour and firmness. Study on the effect of high temperature and calcium carbide on the changes of both peel colour and peel and pulp firmness of 'Pisang Berangan' had been carried out. High temperature treatments (37, 41, and 45'C) and different concentrations (0.0, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 g/kg fruit) of calcium carbide were applied to the individual fingers of mature green 'Pisang Berangan' (Musa sapientum L. var Berangan) at 24 hours after harvest. Exposure to temperature at 37'C could significantly (p<0.01) induce the change in fruit colour (chroma) at a much faster rate than exposure at both 41 and 45'C. However, there was no significant difference found between exposure temperatures at 37 and 41'C on the changes in the hue angle (h) during ripening. Calcium carbide at a concentration of 0.2 g/kg fruit was sufficient to change the fruit colour (Lightness), and both the chroma (C*) and hue angle (h) values during ripening. Changes in peel firmness was significantly (p<0.01) faster at 37'C as compared to 41'C. Results obtained also indicate that changes in both the peel and pulp firmness at 45'C were slow. Calcium carbide at a concentration of 0.2. g/kg fruit was also found to be sufficient in changing both peel and pulp firmness. Therefore, results of this study suggest that exposure of mature green banana fingers to calcium carbide at 0.2 g/kg fruit followed by storage at 370C was sufficient to initiate ripening (changes in peel colour; peel and pulp firmness) at ambient conditions (25±1'C; 85-95% RH).

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 96373

Abaca (Musa textilis) production profile of Davao Oriental


Sumile, EB; Barogan, ERV; Ponce, RG; Franco, AL
DOSCST Research Journal [Davao Oriental State College of Science and Technology] 4(1): 38-54 (2001)

Abstract:
There are 2,164 farmers cultivating 4,710.93 ha planted to abaca in the province. Banaybanay and San Isidro are the two of the eleven municipalities of Davao Oriental that do not produce abaca. Of the 9 abaca-producing municipalities, Mati and Gov. Generoso have less than 100 has devoted to abaca production.|The average age of an abaca farmer is 40.98. His household has an average number of 6 members wtih most still in the elementary. Mandayan people dominates abac farming in the province followed by Cebuanos. Though majority are full-time abaca farmers, his average annual income is very low at P26,097.87 as this is not derived solely from abaca growing. The average abaca land area is 2.02 ha located in an average of 2.49 km away from any access road. The average yield per abaca farmer was pegged at 440.51 kg/ha/yr.|There are 39 fiber traders stationed in varying numbers in different municipalities. The average price for abaca is P11.62/kg. The product is marketed in an "all-in" basis. Aside from fiber, there are a few womenfolk engaged in dagmay weaving which is the initial material in making bags, sandals, skirts, and the like.|Male labor dominates in the abaca farming. Bigger share of male labor is hired especially during laborious operations.|Radio is popular among abaca farmers. Meetings, seminars on abaca and the like are not well attended.|Low farm productivity, high incidence of bunchy top and mosaic diseases, instability of price, and circuitous marketing system are among the problems identified by the farmers.|Research should be undertaken in the field of crop protection and economic studies. Massive information dissemination and advocacy of the provincial government towards abaca production should be intensified.

Availability :
Consortia Operations Office, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96410

Banana production in typhoon-prone Ilocos region


Faylon, PS; Lopez, EL; Joven, JEA
R & D Milestones: Crops 3: 42-43 (2002)

Abstract:
Banana is the second most commonly grown fruit crops in the Ilocos region. However, there were no commercial-scale plantings because growers frequently experienced losses due to strong typhoons, as well as, low yield because of long dry season and poor cultural management practices.|Commercial banana production can be done in the Ilocos Region by the use of a modified banana production system and through the use of early-maturing banana varieties like 'Lakatan', 'Latundan', and 'Cavendish'. The strategy would enable the farmers to harvest their banana before strong typhoons come the following year.|The modified banana production system is applicable in the Ilocos Region. Using tissue-culture materials, planting time should be done towards the end of March or early April. Using bigger suckers, planting can be done in May, or late but 3-4 leaves should be maintained if the typhoon velocity is 50 km/hr. When typhoon velocity reaches 80 km/hr and above, all the leaves should be pruned to three-fourths their size.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 96411

Improved micropropagation protocol for farmers' varieties of banana


Faylon, PS; Lopez, EL; Joven, JEA
R & D Milestones: Crops 3: 48-49 (2002)

Abstract:
Micropropagation using the shoot proliferation technique is a technology that has great implications on the local banana industry. The technology was used in the national rehabilitation programs for banana-growing areas with a recommendation that subculture cycles be restricted to seven initial explant. The culture media used for large scale production were compared while plants from increasing subculture cycles were also evaluated with the attempt to improve the micropropagation protocol for farmer's varieties of banana.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 96456

Antiseptic and healing properties of selected leaves for wounds


Faylon, PS; America, LC; Joven, JEA
R & D Highlights: Forest and Environment 4: 73-74 (2002)

Abstract:
The effectiveness of some medicinal plants such as 'malunggay' (Moringa oleifera Lamk.) 'sampa-sampalukan'/'talikod' (Phyllantus niruri L.), hikaw-hikawana'/'penga-penga' (Heliotropium indicum L.), 'busbusilak'/'kampupot'/'kuribebet' (Tabernaemontana pandacaqui Poir), 'makahiya'/'bain-bain' (mimosa pudica L.), 'ba¤asin/'labtang' (Anamirta cocculus Linn.), 'camantigi/'camantigui (Impatiens balsamina), banana (Musa sapienturn L.), sunflower (Helianthus annuus), 'tagulinau'/'payokpok' (Veronica cinerea Linn.), guava (Psidium guajava L.), and aloe vera/sabila (Aloe bardadensis Mill.) as alternative medicines for ointments and other wound remedies was determined.|The antiseptic effect and healing properties of selected leaf juice, sap, and ointment were compared with 10% povidine-iodine solution.|Based on the results of chemical analysis, plant extracts which contained medicinal ingridients like alkaloides, flavonoids, glucosides, saponins, sterols, tannins, and triterpenes had better antiseptic and healing properties. As compared with povidine solution, it could lessen the duration of wound healing by 4-6 days.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 96506

Alternate feeding of banana stalks: its influence on growth performance and backfat thickness of pigs


Daileg,CR; Padilla,SA; Mapili,MC,Jr
TCA [Tarlac College of Agriculture] Research Journal 6 (2&3): 96-101 (1984)

Abstract:
This study was conducted to determine the effects of alternate feeding of banana stalks on the growth performance and backfat thickness of pigs.|Results of the study showed that non-significant differences existed among the different treatments, that is, terms of average backfat thickness, feed conversion efficiency and average daily gain. Further studies on the use of banana stalks up to the finishing stage should be conducted because as the hog becomes heavier more fat tissues are laid down.

Availability :
Tarlac College of Agriculture




NO. 96509

The effects of different bedding materials on the yield of mushroom (Volvaria volvacea, Bull)


Antonio, F; Manuel, B
TCA [Tarlac College of Agriculture] Research Journal 3 (3): 159-162 (1981)

Abstract:
Banana leaves proved to be the best bedding material for mushroom culture as compared to rice straw, water lilies, Talahib and paragrass. It gave the highest number of marketable mushrooms and the highest number of harvest days. However, with the use of water lilies, the biggest pileus was obtained.

Availability :
Tarlac College of Agriculture




NO. 25988

The characteristics changes of deep-fat-fried banana chips in different packaging materials during storage


Wanna Ammawath; Yaakob, CM; Russly, AR; Salmah, Y
Department of Food Technology; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor

4th. Asian Science and Technology Congress 2002; 25-27 April 2002; Kuala Lumpur

Abstract:
The four types of packaging materials, laminated-aluminium foil (LAF), oriented polypropylene (OPP), polypropylene (PP) and low-density polyethylene (LOPE) were used to study the effect on characteristics in deep-fat-fried banana chips during storage for 8 weeks at ambient temperature (27' C). The physicochemical and sensory characteristics of the stored banana chips were analysed at week 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8. The results showed that the moisture content, water activity (aw) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) values of deep-fat-fried banana chips for all samples increased while the crispness values decreased during storage. The colour changed with time of storage where longer storage time resulted in higher L value and lower a and b values. Samples packed in LAF recorded the lowest values for moisture content, aw and TBARS, and this sample is the most crispy compared to the other three samples. Sensory results indicated that after 8 weeks of storage, the most notable difference that occurred during this period was the change in crispness. Sample packed in LAF gave better score than the other three samples whilst sample packed in LOPE gave the lowest score of crispness and product colour.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 26003

Effect of Waxing with Paraffin and Modified Atmosphere Packaging on the Storage of Cavendish Banana (Musa cavendishii L var. Montel)


Razali,M; Azizah, O; Suhaila, M; Salmah, Y
Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, University Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Pertanika J. Trop. Agric. Sci. 23(1): 1-14(2000)

Abstract:
Postharvest treatment with liquid paraffin, clingurrap, low density polyethylene (WPE) with and without potassium permanganate (KmnO4) was studied to extend the shelf life of 'Montel' banana (Musa cavendishii L), under refrigeration (15(l °C) and at ambient temperature (27(l °C). The fruits packed in WPE with KMnO4 ripened within 60 days after harvesting at week 12 from flower emergence. This was followed by treatments with clingwrap (42 days), liquid paraffin (36 days), control at 15(1'C (24 days) and control at ambient temperature (18 days). The percentage weight loss, peel and pulp colours of fruits increased significantly (P
Availability :
University Malaysia Sabah




NO. 26105

The effect of different postharvest treatments on the changes in the physico-chemical characteristics and manifestation of chilling injury of Pisang Mas (Musa Sapientum var. Mas) during storage at low temperature


Dwi Febrimeli
University Putra Malaysia [UPM]; Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MSc Thesis; University Putra Malaysia; 2000; p199

Abstract:
Preliminary studies on the effect of storage temperature and heat treatments on the physical characteristics were carried out on Pisang Mas (Musa sapientum var. Mas). Temperature 14±1°C; 65-83%RH was the most suitable storage temperature for Pisang Mas with respect to peel colour score and texture as compared to temperature 12°C and 15°C. In contrast to peel colour score and pulp: peel ratio, fruit texture decreased significantly (P<0.05) during storage. Heat treatments (hot air at 30, 40 and 50°C for 3 and 6 hours or dipping in hot water at 50°C for 2 minutes) reduced the manifestation of physical symptoms of chilling injury and extended the storage life of Pisang Mas by 2 weeks as compared to the control fruits. Effect of different postharvest heat treatments prior to low temperature storage were studied to reduce the manifestation of chilling injury of Pisang Mas during storage at low temperature and when held at ambient conditions thereafter. During low temperature storage, untreated fruit were shown to have a significantly (P<0.05) higher manifestation of chilling injury. Fruits exposed to 30°C hot air for 3 hours could significantly (P<0.05) reduced chilling injury symptoms in Pisang Mas. Different postharvest heat treatments could not significantly extend the shelf life of Pisang Mas as compared to control. Peel colour, pulp colour, pulp: peel ratio, total soluble solids (TSS), titratable acidity (TA), TSS: TA ratio, total sugar, fructose, glucose and sucrose of fruit increased significantly (P<0.05) during storage, in contrast to fruit firmness, pH, ascorbic acid (AA), tannin and starch contents. Chilling injury was also evident in all treated fruit after 2 and 4 weeks at low temperature storage followed by storage at ambient conditions. However, fruits kept for 4 week at low temperature (LTS) had a lesser extent of chilling injury as compared to fruit kept for 2 weeks at LTS. Fruits kept for 2 and 4 weeks under LTS had a shelf life of 9 and 6 days respectively. The TSS, TSS: TA ratio, pH and AA of fruit increased significantly (P<0.05) for all treated fruits and control during storage. The firmness and starch content decreased significantly (P<0.05). On the other hand, TA and tannin content were found to fluctuate during storage. Different concentrations of methyl jasmonate in reducing chilling injury were studied in Pisang Mas. Concentration higher than 100 mM were found not to be significantly different in reducing symptoms of chilling injury. Although methyl jasmonate did not affect peel colour, nevertheless pulp colour was slightly affected. The TSS and pulp to peel ratio increased significantly (P<0.05) during storage. However, firmness, AA, TA, pH, tannin, starch and pectin contents of fruit from all treatments were found to be inconsistent during storage.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26162

Effects of deep fat drying on chips from different varieties and maturity of banana


Ammawath, W; Che Man, YB; Yusof, S; Rahman, RA
Department of Food Technology; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor

Proceedings of Malaysian Science and Technology Congress 2000; Symposium A Volume II; 18-20 September 2000; University Malaysia Sabah; Kota Kinabalu Sabah; p392-398

Abstract:
The banana used to study the quality of banana chips were Pisang Abu and Pisang Nangka at the stages maturity "green" and "trace of yellow". The fruits were peeled, slice to a thickness of 2 mm, and deep-fat fried in refined, bleached and deodorized (RBD) palm olein at 180 °C for 3 min. The quality parameter fresh bananas examined were total soluble solid, pH, acidity. carbohydrate. sugar content, fat, protein, moisture content, ash and fiber. There was no sucrose detected in Pisang Nangka. The quality examined after deep fat frying were moisture content, water activity, oil absorption and crispiness texture of Pisang Abu in stage "green" showed better crispness. Sensory evaluation showed that banana chips prepared from Pisang Abu at both stages of maturity produced better colour, flavour, odour, II and overall acceptability.

Availability :
Mohd Zaki Abdullah




NO. 26159

Effects of vibration quality of pisang berangan (Musa sapientum cv. Berangan) during the simulation of truck transportation


Azizah,O;Russly,AR;Keng,WW
Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, University Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Proceedings of Malaysian Science and Technology Congress 2000; Symposium A Volume II; 18-20 September 2000; University Malaysia Sabah; Kota Kinabalu Sabah; p346-353

Abstract:
Quality deterioration during transportation of fresh produce was basically due to mechanical injuries such as vibrations and impacts. The objective of this study was to determine the damage criteria and changes caused by vibration during the simulation of truck transportation of Pisang Berangan (Musa sapientum cv. Berangan). Pisang Berangan hands were packed in standard corrugated fibreboard boxes then subjected to the vibration simulation test using Lansmont Touch Test Electrohydraulic system vibrator with the demand level of 0.73 Grms (ASTM Standard), at SIRIM, Shah Alam. All the treated samples and control were then stored at 14:1:1 DC; 65-85% RH for 4 weeks in the cool room at the of Food Science and Biotechnology, UPM. The physical changes observed were percentage of area, peel colour index and mould growth score. Blemishes caused by vibration established marks on the skin and mould growth was primarily observed on these blemished areas. Results obtained also that there was a significant (P<0.05) increase in percentage of blemished area, peel colour index and mould growth score with increasing storage time.

Availability :
Mohd Zaki Abdullah




NO. 26160

Effect of impact and vibration on the quality and storage life of pisang rastali (Musa sapientum cv. Rastali) during transport simulation


Abdul Rahman, R; Osman, A; Teng, JJ
Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, University Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Proceedings of Malaysian Science and Technology Congress 2000; Symposium A Volume II; 18-20 September 2000; University Malaysia Sabah; Kota Kinabalu Sabah; p354-362

Abstract:
Mechanical damage to fresh fruits and vegetables, which can occur during harvesting, packinghouse operation, handling, and transportation, represents a hazard to the quality and has the potential to reduce the value of the fresh produce. TheJrefore, the response of Pisang Rastali (Musa sapientum cv. Rastali) to simulation of transportation was studied in relation to the incident of physiological and pathological disorder. Fungal infection, blemish, peel colour, and other damage characteristics were evaluated. The bananas inside the container were randomly vibrated using an electro-hydraulic vibration machine at the acceleration of 0.73g RMS (equivalent to vibration of truck of ASTM D 4169 Assurance Level I) for particular times: 15, 30, 45, 60 and 120 minute. The impact (shock) test for the well-packed samples was implemented through Swing-arm drop tester. The samples were dropped from I- meter height against a solid surface. Samples of bananas were evaluated at 3- days interval to examine changes in quality as determined by visual observation. From data gathered in the present study, it was found that simulation of transportation caused undesired postharvest symptoms due to mechanical injury. The causes of these losses include blemish, fungal growth, and fruit structure defects in both vibration and impact simulation tests. The blemish area, banana peel colour index, and mould growth index increased during the storage time from day 0 to day 30 in both vibration and impact simulation tests. At day 15, combination test (vibration test combined with impact test) showed higher blemish area and peel colour index compared to vibration test and impact test alone. Bananas treated with 120 minutes of vibration could be stored up to 9 days as the maximum acceptance quality of blemish area was 10%. It was found that the damage to packaged fruits from handling drops is cumulative. The severity of damage of fruits increased as the number of drops increased.

Availability :
Mohd Zaki Abdullah




NO. 96531

Modified handstripping device for fiber extraction


Fiber Industry Development Authority (FIDA); Philfinance Bldg., Benavidez St., Legaspi Village, Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines

Operator's Instruction Manual 1-15 (1996)

Abstract:
The manual of instruction describes the installation and operational requirements of the modified handstripping device for extracting abaca fibers. The method of handling and maintaining the device efficiently is also presented for easy adaptation of the farmers.

Availability :
One-Stop-Information-Shop, Western Mindanao Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium, Western Mindanao State University




NO. 96552

Growth response of tissue-cultured banana plantlets on different soil mixture


Bautista, FC; Mempin, PC; Santos, SC; Urbano, RD
Proceedings of the Agency In-House Review of Completed and Ongoing R & D Projects. Bulacan National Agricultural State College, San Ildefonso, Bulacan (2003); (no pagination)

Abstract:
The study was conducted to determine the growth response of tissue-cultured banana plantlets on different soil mixture. Randomized complete block design was used and the data were statistically analyzed using the analysis of variance. The treatments were: T1 (garden soil and sand), T2 (garden soil and burned rice hull), T3 (garden soil and decomposed rice hull), T4 garden soil and chicken dung, and T5 (garden soil and coconut coir dust). Results of the study revealed that treatment 4 has the highest average final height and the highest weekly rate of growth.

Availability :
One-Stop-Information-Shop, Central Luzon Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium, Central Luzon State University




NO. 96590

Banana industry and research and development in Malaysia


Hassan, NMMN
Advancing Banana Plantain Research and Development in Asia and the Pacific - Volume 11. Proceedings of the 1st BAPNET Steering Committee Meeting. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; October 2002; Los Baños, Laguna, 2003, pp. 99-106; Molina, AB; Eusebio, JE; Roa, VB; Van den Berg, I; Maghuyop, MAG (eds).

Abstract:
Banana is one of the most widely grown and important fruit crops for Malaysia both for the domestic and export market. The importance of banana is clearly indicated in the Third National Agricultural Policy (1998-2010) where it is listed as one of the 15 fruit types prioritized fro commercial cultivation.|In the past 10 years (1992-2001), the acreage of banana has somewhat stabilized at around 30 000 to 31 000 hectares (Table 1). This acreage amounts to about 10-12% of the total acreage fro fruits. Of the total banana acreage, almost half is cultivated with Pisang Berangan and the Cavendish cultivars for both local consumption and export. The other half is planted with other local cultivars such as P.Mas, P.Rastali, P.Nangka, P.Raja, P.Awak, P.Abu and P.Tandok, mainly for the domestic market.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96577

Propagation studies of rattan, banana and bamboo through in-vitro culture


Cabanilla, RS; Ringor, OF; Dela Cruz, QD; Orpinao, AR; Alcantara, G; Nu¤ez, HG
Abstracts of completed and on-going R&D projects '98: A Compilation; Research, Extension and Training; Central Luzon State University (CLSU); Science City of Mu¤oz, Nueva Ecija; Philippines; (no pagination)

Abstract:
Survival of tissue culture generated seedling of rattan grown in combination of garden soil, humus and organic matter had the highest survival.|Survival of bamboo explants (nodes and buds) in MS medium supplemented with BA, IBA and IAA was observed up to the 3rd week, however, those medium supplemented with BA gave the highest survival. Bud explants was observed to remain alive longer than node explants. Regeneration, however, was not observed in all treatments.|Three cultivars of banana (Lacatan, Latundan, and Bungulan) were teted for rapid propagation. Solid and liquid MS media supplemented with BA and IBA liquid medium. However, shoot multiplication was not fully achieved. Establishment of germplasm bank, for source of explant had been established in the vicinity of tissue culture laboratory.|The studies conducted in this Project are as follows: Study 1A: Propagation Studies of rattan (Calamus sp.) through in-vitro culture which involve the evaluation of the best growth regulator for the embryo culture of rattan; Sterilization and in-vitro Germination Study of Rattan Seeds; In-vitro Germination Study of Different varieties of Rattan; and test of regenerant parts of Callus formation; Study 1B: Propagation Studies of Bamboo (Bambusa sp.) through in-vitro culture which includes the following sub studies: Evaluation of the Best growth regulators for Callus induction in bamboo, Evaluation of the Optimum Quantity of Growth Regulators for callus Induction in bamboo and Determination of the Best Explant for callus Induction in Bamboo; Study IC: Rapid propagation of selected banana cultivars (Lacatan, Latundan, Saba and Bungulan) through In-vitro culture.

Availability :
One-Stop-Information-Shop, Central Luzon Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium, Central Luzon State University




NO. 96594

Update on banana R&D in Vietnam


Nhi, HH
Advancing Banana Plantain Research and Development in Asia and the Pacific - Volume 11. Proceedings of the 1st BAPNET Steering Committee Meeting. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; October 2002; Los Baños, Laguna, 2003, pp. 155-164; Molina, AB; Eusebio, JE; Roa, VB; Van den Berg, I; Maghuyop, MAG (eds).

Abstract:
Ranging between 8 degree and 23 degree 23'N Vietnam has diverse geographical features. In the south, it is tropical with two distinct seasons (wet and dry) while in the north there is a subtropical climate with four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. As banana can widely adapt to different climatic conditions, they have long been grown in all the eight agro-ecological regions in the country. In 1998, Mekong River Delta ranks first in terms of total banana growing area and fuit production, followed by Red River Delta.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96583

Corn and beyond: an exploration of sustainability, indebtedness, and future land use of the Sierra Madre forest fringe


Hobbes, M; de Groot, WT
The Sierra Madre mountain range: Global relevance, local realities; Papers presented at the 4th Regional Conference on Environment and Development. Proceedings; Isabela State University (ISU), Cabagan, Philippines; May 2002; Tuguegarao, 2003, pp. 161-173; Pleog, JVD; Bernardo, EC; Misipiquena, AB (eds).

Abstract:
Banana and yellow corn are the economic cornerstones of the upland area between the Cagayan lowlands and the Sierra Madre forest. Based on households and focus groups interviews, this paper shows how the high inputs needed to grow yellow corn, corn crop failure risks, and the ongoing soil degradation of the corn lands combine to create debt bondage of the farmers. This in turn leads to responses (including debt evasion strategies) that express themselves in land use change. For the level of the uplands as a whole, three possible scenarios for the future are distinguished, namely: (1)a Malthusian, "going down" scenario, (2) a Boserupian scenario of sustainable corn, and (3) a more eclectic scenario of land use diversification. In varying degrees, all of these imply risks for the future of the Sierra Madre forest, but insight in the economic mechanisms also leads to policy options to avert these problems.

Availability :
Consortia Operations Office, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96588

An overview of the production and banana research in Cambodia


Sarom, M
Advancing Banana Plantain Research and Development in Asia and the Pacific - Volume 11. Proceedings of the 1st BAPNET Steering Committee Meeting. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; October 2002; Los Baños, Laguna, 2003, pp. 71-76; Molina, AB; Eusebio, JE; Roa, VB; Van den Berg, I; Maghuyop, MAG (eds).

Abstract:
Banana plays a very important role in the lives of many Cambodians. Apart from the daily diet that it can provide, banana is highly valued fruit that is used very frequent in the religious ceremonies. It is a healthy fruit crop and is used in preparing many dishes.|In Cambodia, the date when banana was first grown is not known. Nevertheless, as the country is located within the region of the centre of origin of banana, genetic diversity of the crop is very high. Many landraces are found as well as many wild species. Unfortunately, no study has been conducted and collection has not been carried out.|Banana is still grown in small holdings with its number varying from a single hill to few hundreds. The crop is normally planted close to the house where care can be taken. Banana is grown in almost all types of soils, but more productive crops are found in the regions close to the rivers and in the central and northeast highland regions of the country where red soil is prevalent. Due to the scale of its production, official statistics on the area, volume and yield are not possible to collate.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96589

Production and banana research and development in Indonesia


Djatnika, I; Sutanto, A
Advancing Banana Plantain Research and Development in Asia and the Pacific - Volume 11. Proceedings of the 1st BAPNET Steering Committee Meeting. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; October 2002; Los Baños, Laguna, 2003, pp. 93-98; Molina, AB; Eusebio, JE; Roa, VB; Van den Berg, I; Maghuyop, MAG (eds).

Abstract:
Banana contributed 51% of 6 661 761 tonnes of Indonesian fruit production (Anonym. 2000). The area of productions are scattered throughout the country with various agro-ecosystem and cultivation system. The major production areas are West Java, East Java, Central Java, South Sulawesi (8%), Kalimantan (4%) and other islands (Anonym.2000). Major commercial dessert cultivars are Pisang Ambon Kuning, P.Ambon Hijau, P.Barangan, P. Raja Serai, P.Emas and P.Berlin, and cooking bananas/plantains are P.Kepok, P.Raja Bulu, P.Oli/Jantan, P.Tanduk and P.Candi.|Commonly, bananas are grown by smallholders with minimum cultivation and production inputs. In some areas, smallholders cultivate banana with monoculture system and mix-cropping system. Their productions are generally for local market, banana chips and dry banana industry (P.Sale). A few commercial growers at Lampung (Sumatera), Halmahera (Maluku) and Mojokerto (East Java) have established large plantation mainly for export and industry of banana flour and puree.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96591

The Philippine banana industry: status and prospects


Eusebio, JE; Payot, JA; Carpio, AT
Advancing Banana Plantain Research and Development in Asia and the Pacific - Volume 11. Proceedings of the 1st BAPNET Steering Committee Meeting. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; October 2002; Los Baños, Laguna, 2003, pp. 107-124; Molina, AB; Eusebio, JE; Roa, VB; Van den Berg, I; Maghuyop, MAG (eds).

Abstract:
Banana is considered one of the prime fruit commodities grown in the Philippines in terms of hectarage and commercial value. A widely cultivated fruit crop, banana contributes significantly to the country's employment generation and export receipts. At the farm level, about 5.9 million Filipinos depend on banana growing as an important source of cash income. Both the cooking and dessert varieties are important and nutritious supplement to Filipino diet. An estimated 73% of local fruit consumer prefers banana.|Banana is used in several ways. Fruits are processed into banana cue, puree, jam, jelly, chips, catsup, figs, spreads and preserve. Banana chips, also known as banana crakers or dried bananas is the top dollar earner among processed fruit products.|Industrial products can also be preapred from banana such as ethyl alcohol, flour, dye, floor wax, paste and corkboard. The pseudotem is a good source of fiber and handicraft materials. In commercial plantations, rejects or excess bananas are utilized as swine and cattle feed.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96592

Status of banana R&D, production and consumption in Papua New Guinea


Kambuon, RN
Advancing Banana Plantain Research and Development in Asia and the Pacific - Volume 11. Proceedings of the 1st BAPNET Steering Committee Meeting. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; October 2002; Los Baños, Laguna, 2003, pp. 125-138; Molina, AB; Eusebio, JE; Roa, VB; Van den Berg, I; Maghuyop, MAG (eds).

Abstract:
Banana is a major food crop in Papua New Guinea (PNG). It is the dominant staple crop in most farming systems in the lowland areas of the country and ranks second in importance after sweet potato in terms of production and consumption. PNG is an important centre of genetic diversity of wild and cultivated bananas, with the greatest number of Musa species. The great diversity in the cultivated diploids (AA) has made PNG the only country in the world where diploid bananas are of significance in agricultural food production (stover and Simmonds 1987).|Cooking bananas are often distinguished from sweet or dessert bananas, although this is somewhat an artificial distinction. In PNG, more cooking bananas are produced and consumed than desser types. The diploids cultivars are mostly cultivated in wet lowland areas of the country, including the islands. The triploids, ABB groups, are harder and are grown mostly in dry lowland areas, along the Papuan coast and the Markham/Ramu valleys. The other triploid group, the ABB, are grown mostly in the highland areas of the country. All bananas produced are consumed in the country. The subsistence production is mostly for household consumption and the surplus is sold in urban markets for cash. There are few semi-commercial growers, who grow dessert varieties for the fresh fruit market.|Even though banana is the second most important food crop of the country, it has received little R&D attention. While internationl banana emphasis is on commercial dessert bananas, most production in PNG is based on starchy cooking types grown under subsistence production systems. Very little research on cooking bananas has been conducted in PNG (King 1986).

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96593

Banana in Thailand


Anupunt, P
Advancing Banana Plantain Research and Development in Asia and the Pacific - Volume 11. Proceedings of the 1st BAPNET Steering Committee Meeting. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; October 2002; Los Baños, Laguna, 2003, pp. 149-154; Molina, AB; Eusebio, JE; Roa, VB; Van den Berg, I; Maghuyop, MAG (eds).

Abstract:
As it originated in Southeast Asia, bananas are capable of growing in a wide range of environmental conditions favourable for the humid and hot climates. As a non-seasonal crop, year round production is possible if cultural management is appropriate. Hence, crop productivity can be controlled to serve the market all throughout the year.|Banana plays a major role in food security and income generatin for millions of the region's rural poor. It is an important source of energy and in addition, it is high in a number of important vitamins and minerals, providing a nutritious staple food. Apart from fresh consumption and various processing product uses, the other parts of banana, including pseudostem and leaf, are also utilized in many Thai cultural and traditional activities. Mostly, the fruit produce is served for domestic consumption. A number of fresh fruits and processed products are also exported to various countries with the value of approximately 100 million Thai baht (US$2.3 million) each year. Meanwhile, the crop has developed into a major Thai industry.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96595

Somaclonal variation approach to breeding cavendish banana for resistance to fusarium wilt race 4


Hwang, SC
Advancing Banana Plantain Research and Development in Asia and the Pacific - Volume 11. Proceedings of the 1st BAPNET Steering Committee Meeting. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; October 2002; Los Baños, Laguna, 2003, pp. 173-186; Molina, AB; Eusebio, JE; Roa, VB; Van den Berg, I; Maghuyop, MAG (eds).

Abstract:
Fusarium wilt of banana, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) race 4, is the major constraints for cultivation of banana in Taiwan. For obtaining a resistant variety to replace the susceptible Cavendish, Taiwan Banana Research Institute (TBRI) initiated an innovative breeding program based on somaclonal variation approach. This breeding program which began in 1984, already produced a total of 13 resistant/tolerant clones; all derived from the wilt-susceptible variety variety Giant Cavendish. To solve the fusarium wilt problem, three of them were released as the new varieties, Tai-Chiao No.1 in 1992 , Tai-Chiao No. 3 in 2001 and Formosana in 2002, for commercial production. The former two varieties are mediocre in resistance to fusarium wilt and in productivity, and moderate success has been obtained. Formosana not only showed a high level of resistance to fusarium wilt but also produced a bunch of about 40% heavier than that of its progenitor Giant Cavendish, a breakthrough in banana breeding. This new variety was released for commercial planting beginning January 2002 to replace both Tai-CHiao No.1 and Tai-CHiao NO.3. With its superb agronomic and horticultural characteristics, it is believed that Formosana will soon become the major banana variety grown in Taiwan. The novel in breeding strategy based on somaclonal variation has proved to be a useful method for the improvement of banana.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96596

Musa diversity in Southeast Asia - an analysis of data


Sharrock, S; Guinard, O; Arnaud, E
Advancing Banana Plantain Research and Development in Asia and the Pacific - Volume 11. Proceedings of the 1st BAPNET Steering Committee Meeting. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; October 2002; Los Baños, Laguna, 2003, pp. 191-200; Molina, AB; Eusebio, JE; Roa, VB; Van den Berg, I; Maghuyop, MAG (eds).

Abstract:
Southeast Asia and the Pacific is the centre of diversity if the genus Musa. This diversity includes a wide range of wild species, which are divided amongst the sections Australimusa, Callimusa, Rhodochlamys, Eumusa and a large number of different types of cultivated banana varieties which fall into various genome groups (AA,AAB, AAB etc.).|This diversity provides the raw materials used by banana breeding programmes to develop new, improved high yielding varieties with enhanced capacity to withstand pest and disease attack. These improved varieties are starting to be introduced and grown in many countries in the Asia-Pacific region.|Due to the high levels of sterility in most cultivars, banana breeding is a complicated, time consuming and expensive task. For this reason, very few breeding programmes exist in the world, and most of the major programmes are located outside Asia. For this reason, there is a great interdependence between countries and regions for Musa germplasm.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96644

Prolonging the postharvest life of lakatan banana (Musa sp.) using indigenous evaporative cooling materials


Viado, PR
MinSCAT [Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology] Research Journal 1 (1): 16-23 (2002)

Abstract:
Indigenous evaporative cooling materials were used to evaluate the postharvest life of lakatan banana. Fruits stored with chopped banana leaves and chopped banana bracts were compared to those stored in ambient condition.|Fruits stored in banana bracts had significantly lower weight loss, slower peel color changes, with higher percentage of marketable fruits and better visual quality rating (VQR) upt to 25 days of storage. This treatment exhibited delayed ripening compared to control and consequently longer postharvest life.

Availability :
Office of the Director for Research and Extension; MinSCAT Main Campus, Alcate, Victoria, Oriental Mindoro; Philippines




NO. 96693

Production of compots from coco coir dust


Cervantes, LN; Sason, MS; Vizcocho, LL
Proceedings 12th STARRDEC Regional Symposium on Research and Development Highlights, Rizal State College, Tanay, Rizal. Philippines, 20 August 1999

Abstract:
Processing coco coir dust into a useful product involves proper selection and preparation of raw materil such as banana stalk or water lily. The coco coir dust is preferable because it contains zero or lesser amount of salt which is very important in agriculture. The compots or vases are organic, have growth hormones, can store moisture and release it as needed by the plants; produced out of waste and is durable and acceptable.

Availability :
Southern Tagalog Agriculture Resources Research and Development Consortium One Stop Information Shop




NO. 96694

Production and testing of diagnostic kits for indexing viral diseases of identified fruits


Espino, TM
Proceedings 12th STARRDEC Regional Symposium on Research and Development Highlights, Rizal State College, Tanay, Rizal. Philippines, 20 August 1999

Abstract:
The non-availability of effective diagnostic tools for detection of plant viral infection leads to the failure of disease prevention and control. With this technology, spread of disease will be limited since the kit can detect infection at the earliest possible time. The kit are now used in the regular screening/indexing of plant samples being submitted in laboratories. The technology has been applied continously to diagnose virus infection both in papaya and banana samples submitted.

Availability :
Southern Tagalog Agriculture Resources Research and Development Consortium One Stop Information Shop




NO. 96716

Reduction of contaminants in banana in vitro culture by hot water treatment


Roldan, MB; Icalla, NL
Proceedings 15th STARRDEC Regional Symposium on Research and Development Highlights, Cavite State University, Indang, Cavite, Philippines. 15 August 2002

Abstract:
A study on hot water treatment was conducted to device means of improving procedure in disinfecting the source of explants to minimize incidence of contamination during micropropagation in vitro of banana. Hot water treatment significantly reduced contamination in the culture, caused less blackening of the base of tissue and culture media and caused explants to turn green earlier compared to non-treated explants.

Availability :
Southern Tagalog Agriculture Resources Research and Development Consortium One Stop Information Shop




NO. 26237

Changes of physico-chemical Berangan banana (Musa sapientum L.) during development and the effect of processing parameters on characteristics of dried banana


Muji, P
University Putra Malaysia [UPM]; Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MSc Thesis; University Putra Malaysia; 1996; p148

Abstract:
Studies was performed on the physico-chemical changes of banana variety Berangan during development, collected on sample from the RISDA Commercial Farm at Bukit Kerayong, Klang. Results showed that Berangan variety attained maximum development and physiological maturity after thirteen weeks from post flowering emergence. The moisture content fluctuated but stabilized when the fruit attained physiological maturity. At the same time total soluble solids and ascorbic acid increased while protein, dopamine, activity of enzyme polyphenol oxidase (PPO) metals content (Cu, Fe and Mn) decreased. Banana of the Berangan variety is best-harvested and processed at twelve weeks after post flowering emergence. The temperature and time of drying gave positive effects on the physico-chemical characteristics of dried banana. From the earlier studies done, it was found that the highest L value and the lowest a value were temperatures between 45 -50° C, the highest b value was found between 60 -70° C (time of 1 to 5 hours); while from the final studies, it was found that the highest L and b values and the lowest a value were 65° C for 4 hours of drying. The moisture content and texture of dried banana decreased whilst total soluble solids, total sugar content, glucose and fructose increased; the water activity and sucrose decreased to the maximum at the drying temperature of 70° C. The color of dried banana was able to be maintained by soaking in boiled distilled water without air space, in which the fruit was halved. However, the L value was slightly less than the sample exposed to steam but retained a higher b value and a lower acceptable a value and it was also found to be more attractive in its appearance and texture. Sensory evaluation data showed that texture (drying at 65° C for 6 hours); aroma (drying at 60° C for 5 hours); colour, taste and the overall acceptability (drying at 70° C for 5 hours) of the dried banana were well accepted by panelists.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26246

Physico-chemical changes in Cavendish banana (Musa cavendishii L. var. Montel) during fruit development , maturation and storage


Razali, M
Universiti Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

MSc Thesis; University Putra Malaysia; 1997; p193

Abstract:
Studies on the physico-chemical changes between different hand positions (top, middle and bottom) within a bunch and different finger positions (upper and lower) within a hand at different maturity stages (between 3 to 15 weeks from the appearance of flower emergence) were carried out on 'Montel' banana (Musa cavendishii L). The size, weight, volume and peel colour of fruits increased significantly (P<0.0l) for fruits from all positions (hands and fingers within a hand) within a bunch until the end of maturity stage. On the other hand, fruit texture decreased significantly (P<0.0 l). The total soluble solids (TSS), ascorbic acid (AA) and sugar contents increased slowly during development, but the increase was rapid during ripening. The starch composition accumulated gradually (P<0.05) at the early stages and decreased thereafter. The pH and titratable acidity values showed an irregular pattern in all the fruits from all positions during the maturity stage. There was a significant decrease (P<0.01) in the tannin content between the different portions of hands within a bunch and between different fingers within a hand at maturity. There was an increase in AIS at the early stages, but after approaching maturity (week 12), it decreased significantly (P<0.05) in the ripe fruits. The pectins increased at the early stages until a maximum at week 12 and then slowly decreased. At the end of maturity stage, the pectic substances started to increase slowly until the ripening stage. The suitable harvesting stage was found to be between 12 to 15 weeks after flower emergence. Postharvest treatment with liquid paraffin, clingwrap, low density polyethylene (LDPE) with and without potassium permanganate (KMnO4) were studied to extend the shelf1ife of' Montel' banana (Musa cavendishii L.), under refrigeration (15+(-)1'C) and at ambient temperature (27+(-)1°C). The fruits packed in LDPE with KmnO(4) ripened within 60 days after harvesting at week 12 from flower emergence. This was followed by fruits packed in LDPE without KmnO(4) (54 days), clingwrap (42 days), liquid paraffin (36 days), control at 15°C (24 days) and control at ambient (18 days). The percentage weight loss, peel and pulp colours of fruits increased significantly (P<0.01) for all treatments during storage. On the other hand, the texture values and tannin content of the fruit decreased significantly (P<0.01) during storage. The rise in total soluble solids (TSS) and sugar were slow initially but gradually increase rapidly at the end of the storage period. However, pH, titratable acidity (TA), ascorbic acid (AA) and starch contents of fruits from all treatments were found to be inconsistent during storage. There is a highly significant difference (P<0.01) in the production of C(2)H(4) and CO(2) found from fruits of all treatments during storage. Fruits packed in low density polyethylene (LDPE) with KmnO(4) was found to be the best treatment to extend the storage life of' Montel banana.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26278

The effects of plant spacing and pruning system on plant performance, yield and quality of bananas 'Mas' (AA) and 'Berangan' (AAA)


Zabedah, M
University Putra Malaysia [UPM]; Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MSc Thesis; University Putra Malaysia; 1991; p202

Abstract:
The study was conducted to find out the effects of spacing and pruning system on the performance of 2 cultivars of bananas, namely, 'Mas' and 'Berangan'. The trial was conducted at 2 locations: MARDI Jerangau, Terengganu and MARDI Serdang, Selangor. For both locations the highest yield of the first crop of both cultivars was obtained at 1.5 m x 1.5 m spacing, followed by 3 m x 1.5 m and 3 m x 3 m spacings. In Jerangau, the yield of 'Mas' at 3 m x 3 m was 9 metric tons (rot)/ha; increased to 17 rot/ha at 3 m x 1.5 m and further increased to 31 rot/ha at 1.5 m x 1.5 m. For the ratoon crops, the yield trend was quite different from the plant crop. For 'Mas' in Jerangau the yield was quite high and stable at the intermediate spacing of 3 m x 1.5 m, while for 'Berangan' the most stable yield was found at the widest spacing. For the second location, Serdang, the yield drop of both cultivars was more prominent for the 1.5 m x 1.5 m and 3 m x 1.5 m spacings. As the spacing was reduced the number of days to shooting and harvesting increased and plants at the closest spacing took the longest time to come to shooting and harvesting. Pruning practice did not influence the number of days to shooting and harvesting of the plant crop. For the ratoon crops the significant interaction between spacing x pruning system showed that the effect of pruning system on the number of days to shooting and harvesting was greater at the closest spacing compared to the wider spacing. Due to this difference in time to maturity, the average yield was expressed in mt/ha/yr. The yield in mt/ha/yr in Jerangau increased by 41% and 25% at 1.5 m x 1.5 m and 3 m x 1.5 m respectively, compared to the conventional spacing of 3 m x 3 m. In Serdang, the yield increased by 50% at 1.5 m x 1.5. m and 3 m x 1.5 m. However the yield of both cultivars was lower in Serdang compared to Jerangau. For the plant crop in Jerangau the percentage of grade A hands of 'Mas' and 'Berangan' was high at the various treatment combinations but in Serdang the percentage of grade A hands was rather low at the closest spacing. For 'Mas' in Jerangau high yield and good quality fruit was maintained at.3 m x 1.5 m and 1 G pruning system for the 3 crop cycles. In Serdang yield and quality of ratoon crops was low at all the spacing treatments. The effects of plant spacing on fruit quality of the ratoon crops of 'Berangan' was more drastic than 'Mas'. Only at 3 m x 3 m the quality was maintained for the 3 harvests recorded. At the other two spacings the yield and quality of the ratoon crops were rather poor. The experimental area in Jerangau was found to be more suitable for cultivation of both cultivars compared to Serdang.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 96695

Abaca-based base paper currency vote


Mabilangan, LC; Torres, AS; Mori, El; Estudillo, CP
Proceedings 12th STARRDEC Regional Symposium on Research and Development Highlights, Rizal State College,Tanay, Rizal, Philippines, 20 August 1999

Abstract:
It focuses on the tulization of residual or inferior grade abaca fibers in the production of base paper for currency nore production of varied denomination, prints, security marks and other coating materials. The base paper should ne strong enough to withstand prolonged handling and printable enough for the images to stay long thru time.

Availability :
Southern Tagalog Agriculture Resources Research and Development Consortium One Stop Information Shop




NO. 96691

Sustainability indicators of the Hanunuo Mangyan indigenous agroforestry systems


Marcon, CN
Proceedings 12th STARRDEC Regional Symposium on Research and Development Highlights, Rizal State College, Tanay, Rizal, Philippines, 20 August 1999

Abstract:
Sustainable agroforestry is a system of land management wherein the physical, biological, economic and cultural components of the site are preserved or improved through time. It help the country in solving the problems of food production, poverty and degradation of the upland areas.

Availability :
Southern Tagalog Agriculture Resources Research and Development Consortium One Stop Information Shop




NO. 96643

Reduction of contaminants in banana in vitro culture by hot water treatment


Icalla, NL; Roldan, MB
MinSCAT [Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology] Research Journal 1 (1): 9-15 (2002)

Abstract:
A study on hot water treatment was conducted to devise means of improving procedure in disinfecting the source of explants and minimize incidence of contamination during micropropagation in vitro of banana.|Explants were subjected to hot water treatment (42-45 degree C) for 10 minutes after immersion in sodium hypochlorite solution. Extent of contamination and blackening in hot water treated and non-treated explants were compared. Hot water treatment significantly reduced contamination in the culture, caused less blackening of the base of tissues and culture media, and caused explants to produce shoots earlier compared to non-treated explants.

Availability :
Office of the Director for Research and Extension; MinSCAT Main Campus, Alcate, Victoria, Oriental Mindoro; Philippines




NO. 96645

In vitro cultured banana plantlets in varying potting mixtures


Roldan, RM; Icalla, NL
MinSCAT [Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology] Research Journal 1 (1): 24-31 (2002)

Abstract:
A study on hot water treatment was conducted to devise means of improving procedure in disinfecting the source of explants and minimize incidence of contamination during micropropagation in vitro of banana.; Explants were subjected to hot water treatment (42-45 degree C) for 10 minutes after immersion in sodium hypochlorite solution. Extent of contamination and blackening in hot water treated and non-treated explants were compared. Hot water treatment significantly reduced contamination in the culture, caused less blackening of the base of tissues and culture media, and caused explants to produce shoots earlier compared to non-treated explants.

Availability :
Office of the Director for Research and Extension; MinSCAT Main Campus, Alcate, Victoria, Oriental Mindoro; Philippines




NO. 96642

Status of banana production in Oriental Mindoro


Bacudo, AA; Leynes, JC
MinSCAT [Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology] Research Journal 1 (1): 1-8 (2002)

Abstract:
Survey was conducted to generate information on the present condition of banana industry in the province and to describe the production and postharvest practices performed by banana growers.|Descriptive survey was used. Total area planted to banana was 21,784 hectares. Naujan had the biggest production of 48,685 MT in 2001 while Pola had the highest average yield/ha. Suckers were the planting materials commonly used. Most of the farmers sold their produce to the assemblers in their locality. Problems encountered and suggested solutions were discussed.

Availability :
Office of the Director for Research and Extension; MinSCAT Main Campus, Alcate, Victoria, Oriental Mindoro; Philippines




NO. 26397

Hydroponic banana: A potential tool in banana R & D


Zakaria, W; Mahmud, TMM; Abd. Rahman, AR
Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

AGRO-Search 4-5 (No.2) 1997-1998; p12-18

Abstract:
Studies using hydroponic conditions have several advantages such as a uniform medium for root growth and development as well as vigorous plant growth. Hydroponic opens up new avenues for research towards our objective in precision agriculture.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26409

Evaluation of germination and cryopreservation potential of some banana collections


Loh, SY
Faculty of Agriculture; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

BSc Thesis; Serdang; Selangor; University Putra Malaysia; 2001; p41

Abstract:
The objectives of the present study were to determine effective treatments for dormancy of banana seeds and to study the effects of desiccation on survival in liquid nitrogen (LN) using seeds of two cultivars, namely Pisang 13 (Musa acuminata malacensis) and Pisang Rangis (wild Musa acuminata). There were four experiments in the study. In Experiment 1, effects of temperature and chipping of seed testa on seed germination were studied. Experiment 2 involved embryo excision and culture on hormone-free MS media to assess embryo dormancy. In Experiment 3, the effects of seed moisture content on survival in LN were studied using seed germination as the parameter. Experiment 4 is similar to Experiment 3 but embryo culture was used instead of seed germination as the parameter measured. Each experiment was a randomized complete block design with 3-4 replicates. Due to problem of seed supply, only Pisang 13 which was easily available were studied in all four experiments. Pisang Rangis was studied in Experiment 1 to 3, but was substituted by Pisang Serdang (Musa acuminata malacensis Serdang) in Experiment 4 due to lack of Pisang Rangis seeds. Pisang 13 seeds were highly dormant with near zero germination, but the embryos were moderately dormant, with more than 43% viability. Alternating temperatures of 35/25°C and chipping were not effective dormancy-breaking treatments for Pisang 13. It has some potential for cryopreservation because seeds dried to 10% MC has 36% survival. Pisang Rangis seeds and embryos were moderately dormant with 24.5% germination and 43.5% viability. Alternating temperatures of 35/25°C and chipping were not effective dormancy-breaking treatments for Pisang Rangis seeds. There was little potential for cryopreservation using seed germination as the index of survival because none of the seeds germinated after exposure to LN. Its potential for cryopreservation using embryo culture was unknown as it was not carried out due to lack of seeds. Embryos of Pisang Serdang have low dormancy, with more than 68% viability. After exposure to LN, seeds dried to 7.7% MC have 85% survival. Hence, Pisang Serdang has good potential for cryopreservation.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26431

Cryopreservation of wild banana embryos (Musa acuminata)


Chua, CK
Faculty of Agriculture; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

BSc Thesis; University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor; 2001; p69

Abstract:
The present study was carried out to evaluated the effects of desiccation and various croprotectants on viability and survival of banana (Musa acuminata ssp malaccensis) embryos in liquid nitrogen. In the first experiment, banana embryos were desiccated to different desiccation periods (0, 1, 2. 3 and 4 hours) before freezing in liquid nitrogen. Then the frozen embryos were rapidly thawed and culture onto Murashige and Skoog media to evaluate their viability and survival. In experiments 2. 3, 4 and 5 the embryos were pretreated in 4 types of cryoprotectants (basal media, 5% sucrose, 5% glycerol or 5% DMSO) for 45 minutes prior to desiccation and freezing before evaluation of viability and survival in liquid nitrogen was carried out. Results show that desiccation is an important factor, which can determine the survival of banana embryos cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen. Without desiccation prior to freezing, no viability was obtained, irrespective of any pretreatment used. Desiccation to around 13% moisture content allowed 38% survival in liquid nitrogen. An additional step which included pretreatment with only basal media can enhance desiccation tolerance and survival in liquid nitrogen and further improved viability and survival to approximately 70%. but the addition of 5% sucrose, 5% glycerol or 5% DMSO to the basal media did not show any added benefit.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26442

The effect of N and K ratio on root development of banana


Hasaniyatussima, H
Faculty of Agriculture; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

BSc Thesis; University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor; 2001; p60

Abstract:
A study was conducted to 1nvestigate the effect of N to K ratio on root development of' Berangan' banana at Field 2 Shed House Universiti Putra Malaysia. Th1S snldy utilized the tissue-cultured plantlets in hydropon1cs technique in a CRD with six replications. Nitrogen and potassium were given at concentrations of 300- 900 ppm. The effect of N to K ratio was determined from several morphological and physiological characteristics such as primary root length, primary root number, N and K content in leaf and root tissues, root efflux and total leaf area. The result showed that root number was not influenced by different N to K ratios. However, root length was affected. Correspondingly, root efflux was also affected by the reduction in primary root length. Nitrogen and K content in the tissues were also influenced by N to K ratios and root efflux. But high N and K ratios (3N:1K or 3K:.1N) rod show some effects of nutrient imbalance. In general, this study indicated that the ratio of IN::S2K gave encouraging responses to root and shoot growth of young 'Berangan' banana plants.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26457

Studies on fungi isolates from diseased Malaysian fruits


Yap, TY
Faculty of Agriculture; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

BSc Thesis; University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor; 2003; p41

Abstract:
A study was undertaken to determine common fungi associated with postharvest diseases on banana, papaya and mango fruits commercially sold in Serdang, Selangor. Colletotrichum musae, Fusarium spp. and Aspergillus spp. were isolated and identified from anthracnose, crown rot and black end disease on banana fruits respectively. Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Fusarium spp. were isolated from lesions on diseased papaya fruits, while C. gloeosporioides and Aspergillus spp. were respectively isolated from anthracnose lesions and hazy, greyish spots on diseased mango fruits. C. gloeosporioides isolates were confirmed to be pathogenic and caused anthracnose disease on banana, papaya and mango fruits. Koch's postulates were fulfilled by consistent reisolation of C. gloeosporioides from the infected tissues of the inoculated fruits.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26464

Effect of atmospheric on phenolic compounds in banana (Musa safrientum pisang emas)


Ooi, SL
National University of Malaysia; Bangi; Selangor

Index and Abstract Jurnal Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 1970-1990; Eds: Mohd Ghazali Abas; Rosmah, S; Zawiyah, MY; p469

Abstract:
This study showed that the metabolism of certain phenolic compounds might be affected by high concentration of CO2 and C2H4. At high concentration of CO2 ( > 10 ) and C2H4, changes in the contents of coumarin,ferulic acid and chloregnic acid was delayed for bananas kept in polythylene bags before or after the bags being opened. These compounds may playa role in prolong-in the storage time of bananas in polythylene bag. During storage in the bag, the content of p-coumaric acid increased and then decreased while the content of catechin decreased. In contrast, the control showed vice-versa. Carbon dioxide injury was shown to happen when the CO2 concentration exceeded 10 and C2H4 exceeded 2ppm in the bag (after 4 days). However, the symptom of injury could only be seen when the bags had been opened. It could be possible that certain phenolic compounds such as p-coumaric acid have contributed to the CO2 injury.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26564

Fatty acids in the peel and pulp of ripening banana (Musa AAA william Cavendish') in relation to different ripening temperatures


Isa, N;, Ahmad, SH; Basri, M; Muse, R
Faculty of Agriculture; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

15th. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Conference;14-16 September 2004;Port Dickson; Negeri Sembilan;p22

Abstract:
A study was carried out to determine fatty acid composition in the peel and pulp of Cavendish banana during ripening for five days at 18± 2 °C and 27±2 °c. Peel colour (L*, C* and ho value) was also determined. At j 18 ±2 °c, peel L * and C* increased while ho decreased significantly during ripening, indicating that the peel colour changed from green to full yellow. When ripened at 27±2 °c, peel L * and C* increased J significantly only after 4 days of ripening while C* increased significantly after 2 days of ripening. However, peel ho decreased after only one day of npemng. The changes in the values of L *, C* and hO resulted in a pale green banana peel. The six fatty acids found in the peel of Cavendish banana were myristic J (14:0), palmitic (16:0), stearic (18:0), oleic (18:1), linoleic (18:2) and linolenic (18:3) acids. The pulp contained two more fatty acids with the addition of palm it oleic (16:1) and hexadecadienoic (16:2) compared to the peel. Palmitic (16:0), linoleic (18:2) and linolenic (18:3) acids were the major fatty acids present. When the fruits were ripened at 18±2 °c, palmitic (16:0), linoleic (18:2) and linolenic (18:3) acids in the pulp increased coincidentally with the fatty acid changes in the peel. When ripened at 27±2 °c, palmitic (16:0), linoleic (18:2) and linolenic (18:3) acids in the peel and pulp showed significant increases up to day 3 of ripening, followed by significant decreases up to day 5. The decrease of palmitic (16:1), linoleic (18:2) and linolenic (18:3) acids in the peel decreased chlorophyll degradation activities as evidenced by the slow decreasing ho values throughout ripening, thus producing pale green peel of the ripe Cavendish banana.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 26578

The correlation between peel colour and browning index of 'pisang berangan' (Musa sapientum cv. Berangan) during storage at chilling temperatures


Ratule, MT; Osman, A; Ahmad, SH; Saari, N
Department of Food Science; Faculty of Science and Food Technology; Universiti Putra Malaysia 43400; Serdang; Selangor

15th. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Conference;14-16 September 2004;Port Dickson; Negeri Sembilan;p28

Abstract:
Mature green 'Pisang Berangan' from the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th hands were stored at 5, 10 and 15 °C "to determine the correlation between peel colour (L *, C*, hO) and browning during storage at chilling temperatures. There was a significant negative linear relationship between peel L * values and storage duration in bananas stored at 5 °C. A similar relationship between peel L * values and storage duration was also observed at 10 °C. However, the change in peel L* values at 15 °c was not significantly linear. Peel C* values of 'Pisang Berangan' stored at both 5 and 10°C decreased linearly during storage. The change in peel C* values of 'Pisang Berangan' stored at 15 °c was not significant linear. Hue angle (hO) also showed a significant linear decrease during storage at both 5 and 10°C. There were significant positive linear relationships between peel browning index (PBI) and storage duration in banana stored at 5 and 10°C. PBI of banana stored for 16 days at 15 °C did not show any significant change. Significant quadratic relationships between degree of browning (DOB) and storage duration were observed at storage temperatures 5 °c and 10°C. The increase in DOB could be due to the increase in phenolic compounds at 5 °C and 10 °C. The significant linear relationship between DOB and storage duration at 15 °c could be due to the senescence process. There were significant negative correlations between peel L * values and both PBI (r = -0.90) and DOB (r = -0.54). These indicated that when the PBI and DOB increased, the peel L * values decreased during storage for 16 days. Significant correlations were also exhibited between peel C* values and both PBI (r = -0.92) and DOB (r = -0.57). There were also significant negative correlations between peel ho values and both PBI (r = -0.91) and DOB (r = - 0.61). Results of the study indicated that the chilling injury development in banana stored at 5 and 10 °c, as evidenced by PBI and DOB, were negatively correlated with peel L *, C* and ho values.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 26605

Mass plantlets regeneration from scalps of banana cv. Tanduk (Musa spp. AAB Group)


Elhory, SMA; Aziz, MA; Rashid, AA; Yunus, AG
Department of Agriculture Technology; Faculty of Food Sciences; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

15th. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Conference;14-16 September 2004;Port Dickson; Negeri Sembilan;p40

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to determine the best concentration of HAP combined with 1.0 uM IAA to induce scalp formation from shoot tips of Musa spp. cv. Tanduk. The HAP concentrations assessed were 0.0, 10.0, 50.0 and 100.0 uM. HAP at 100.0 uM combined with 1.0 uM IAA induced prolific scalp formation after 4-7 sub-cultures, while HAP at 50.0 uM or less resulted only in shoot formation. Plantlet regeneration from the scalps were assessed using different HAP concentrations of 1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 uM. The highest number of shoot proliferation occurred on 2.5 uM HAP with an average of 40.6 shoots after two sub-cultures. The shoots were rooted on half and full strength MS media without growth regulator, as well as on full strength MS medium with 1.0,5.0 and 10.0 uM IHA. The highest number of roots produced per shoot was obtained on full strength MS medium containing 10.0 uM IBA.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 26588

Changes in colour and pigments of Banana peel (Musa AAA 'giant Cavendish') as affected by ripening temperature


Hashim, S; Ahmad, SH; Saari, N; Osman, A
Department of Agriculture Technology; Faculty of Food Sciences; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

15th. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Conference;14-16 September 2004;Port Dickson; Negeri Sembilan;p33

Abstract:
Changes in peel colour and pigments were examined during the degreening of Cavendish ripened at 18 ± 2 (CI8) and 27± 2 °C (C27). L* values, which represented a lightening of peel surface colour, increased as fruit ripened at both temperatures. The value ofL* for the CI8 and C27 banana peel seemed to be similar up to 2 days of ripening. After 3 days, the colour of C 18 was found to be lighter. The peel hue (ho) values of CI8 decreased significantly as ripening progressed from day 1 to 5, resulting in a change of peel colour from green to yellow. However, after 3 days of ripening, the ho values of C27 banana peel decreased gradually. There were significant differences in total chlorophyll for CI8 and C27. After 2 days at 18± 2 °C about 36% of the total chlorophyll had disappeared and the peel started to become yellow. By 5 days almost 72 % of the total chlorophyll had disappeared and the banana peel turned bright yellow. For C27, the rate at which chlorophyll disappeared in the banana peel was different between day 2 and day 3, and that by day 5 the bananas retained more than 41 % of the original chlorophyll, and appeared pale green. The reduction rate of in chlorophyll a and b responded in a similar manner since total chlorophyll content consisted of chlorophyl1 a and chlorophyll b. Chlorophyll a of CI8 and C27 peel decreased by 81 and 62 %, respectively, by the end of ripening day. The reduction of chlorophyll b in C27 was rapid after 1 day of ripening but decreased gradually after 2 days of ripening. In contrast, chlorophyll b decreased rapidly in CI8 after 3 days of ripening. At the end of ripening (day 5), almost 62% of chlorophyll b had disappeared in CI8 while C27 retained 47 % of chlorophyll b. The increase in (x-carotene in CI8 was rapid after 1 and 4 days of ripening. At the end of ripening 76 % of a-carotene appeared in peel ofCI8. There were significant differences in (x- carotene for C27 throughout ripening but the increase in (x-carotene throughout ripening was slow. The increase in B-carotene responded similarly. There were significant increases in lutein for CI8 and C27 peel. The rate of increase in lutein was slower compared to x and B-carotene.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 26620

Effects of changing levels of potassium nutrition on photosynthetic efficiency and growth of banana (Musa sp. cv. Berangan)


Khan, MN; Zakaria, W; Syed Omar, SR; NorAini, MF
Department of Crop Science; Universiti Putra Malaysia 43400 Serdang; Selangor

Transactions of the Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Vol. 12(2003); Proceedings of the 14th. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Conference 2003; Genting Highlands; Pahang; 23-25 September 2003; p88-93

Abstract:
We assessed the influence of potassium (K) nutrition on the photosynthetic efficiency and morphological characters of banana (cv. Berangan). Plant supplied with sufficient (300 kg/ha) and high (600 kg/ha) potassium maintained vigorous growth whereas deficient level of K (0 or available) tended to suppress to greater extent photosynthesis and growth (leaf area, pseudostem girth and plant height) of banana plant. Potassium deficiency depressed photosynthetic efficiency more than 50% compared to plants with sufficient and increased K levels. Higher and sufficient rates of K application produced 32% and 41% more leaf area, respectively, compared to K deficient plants. Low K reduced pseudostem height by 27% compared to sufficient and high K treatments. Pseudostem girth was also reduced by 28% and 30%, respectively, compared to plants supplied with sufficient and more K. Treatments with high levels of K application produced 13.85% more leaf area, 3% more stem girth and attained 10% more net-photosynthetic rate compared to sufficient/or control plants. The influence of K supply on growth and photosynthetic efficiency was discussed.

Availability :
Mohd Rizal Kassim




NO. 26628

Physico-chemical characteristics of pisang mas (Musa sapientum cv Mas) with peel/pulp splitting disorder


Wo, SM; Osman, A; Saari, N; Ahmad, SH
Department of Food Science; Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology; Universiti Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Transactions of the Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Vol. 12(2003); Proceedings of the 14th. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Conference 2003; Genting Highlands; Pahang; 23-25 September 2003; p145-150

Abstract:
Pisang Mas (Musa sapientum cv Mas) is susceptible to peel/pulp splitting (PPS) disorder. PPS is an abiotic disorder, caused by environmental or cultural conditions. It has been associated with high .fruit sugar content, water absorption through the cuticle and calcium content. The physico-chemical characteristics of the PPS affected (split fruits) and unaffected.fruits (non-split fruits) were evaluated, to be used as a platform in further study on the causal factors determination. Split fruits were found to ripen more rapidly as compared to non-split fruits. Significantly (p
Availability :
Mohd Rizal Kassim




NO. 26629

Somatic embryo formation and germination from male flower cluster-derived suspensions of banana cultivar rastall


Azlin, AMZ; Rashid, AA; Aziz, MA; Saleh, NM
Department of Agriculture Technology; Faculty of Food Sciences; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Transactions of the Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Vol. 12(2003); Proceedings of the 14th. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Conference 2003; Genting Highlands; Pahang; 23-25 September 2003; p157-160

Abstract:
A protocol for somatic embryo formation and germination from male flower cluster- derived cell suspensions of banana cultivar Rastali was developed. Flower clusters from position one to ten were excised from male inflorescences and cultured onto modified MJ semi-solid medium. Callus were initiated from flower cluster positions five to ten within six months of culture Callus produced from the most responsive cluster positions were transferred onto Dhed'a liquid medium to produce cell suspension cultures. The cell suspensions were sieved and subcultured thrice at an interval of four weeks. After the third subculture, fine granules (embryogenic cell clusters) produced in the cell suspensions were transferred onto hormone-free solid MS maturation medium. Within two months, the embryogenic cell clusters developed into embryogenic callus and then into whitish globular structures. The globular-stage somatic embryos were transferred onto germination medium and regenerated into plantlets.

Availability :
Mohd Rizal Kassim




NO. 26640

Quality characteristics of Musa AAA 'Berangan' and 'Cavendish' at different maturity indices


Norhelaliah, I; Siti Hajar A; Shahida H; Phebe D.
Department of Agricultural Technology; Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putera Malaysia, 43300 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Transactions of the Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Vol. 12(2003); Proceedings of the 14th. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Conference 2003; Genting Highlands; Pahang; 23-25 September 2003; p 220-225

Abstract:
Determination of quality characteristics of Berangan and Cavendish was conducted at Postharvest Laboratory, UPM There was a significant different in the ripening duration for both varieties as ripening took place. Cavendish banana took 186 h (~8 d) while Berangan took only 93 h (~4 d) to reach MI6. From sensory evaluation, it , was found that 50% of the untrained panelists prefer Berangan that had ripened to MI5, 42% prefer Berangan of MI6 while 8% prefer Berangan of M14. For Cavendish, 58% of the untrained panelists prefer fruits of MI6 and others prefer MI5 fruits. Berangan showed significant changes in all quality characteristics. Cavendish also showed significant changes in all quality characteristics except AA. L * and C* values of Berangan and Cavendish peels were greatest at MI6 and lowest at MI2. The h° value for Berangan was highest at MIl while Cavendish showed the highest value at M12. Firmness of both varieties were significant decreased while SSC increased as fruit ripened. Titratable acidity of both varieties decreased as fruit ripened. Ascorbic acid content of Berangan was found highest at MI4 and MI5. The pH values of Berangan decreased significantly as ripening occurred. However, Cavendish showed inconsistent changes in pH during ripening.

Availability :
Mohd Rizal Kassim




NO. 26641

Softening of Musa AAA 'Cavendish' banana during ripening


Phebe, D; Siti Hajar A; Abd. Rahman A. R; Nazamid S; and Mahmud T. M. M.
Department of Crop Science; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM, Serdang; Se1angor

Transactions of the Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Vol. 12(2003); Proceedings of the 14th. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Conference 2003; Genting Highlands; Pahang; 23-25 September 2003; p 226-230

Abstract:
A significant quadratic decrease in pulp firmness was observed as Cavendish banana ripened from mature green (maturity index 1) to full yellow stage (maturity : index 6) at I8±2'C. Ultrastructural changes of peel cells and pulp starch granules during softening of the banana were observed under transmission electron ..., microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. The middle lamella of contiguous cells appeared electron-dense at the initial stage of I ripening. As ripening progressed, the middle lamellae started to breakdown and its t electron-dense region randomly became translucent. As the peel turned yellow, this: translucent area had spread throughout the entire region of the middle lamella indicating that the peel cell walls were disintegrating. Micrographs of SEM indicated that at initial stage of ripening, starch granules in pulp cells were observed to have smooth surfaces and they vary in shapes and sizes. The cells were still intact with cell walls. However, when the fruit turned full yellow, the cell walls disintegrated leaving a mass of unidentified pulp tissue that contained rough-striated surface and small starch granules. These findings demonstrate that softening of banana during ripening was associated with disintegration of peel and pulp cell walls and degradation of starch.

Availability :
Mohd Rizal Kassim




NO. 26652

Inoculation of beneficial rhizobacteria as biofertilizer and bioenhancer for green soybean, oil palm and banana


Zulkifli, HS; Amir, HG; Mia, MAB
Department of Land Management; Faculty of Agriculture; Universiti Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Agriculture Congress 2004; University Putra Malaysia; 4-7 October 2004; p117-119

Abstract:
Recently the application of biofertilizer and bioenhancer (associative diazotrophic rhizobacteria namely Azospirillum and Bacillus spp) was found to be able to replace the conventional nutrient required by the host plant (especially N) and promote growth. Three studies were conducted to observe the potential of rhizobacteria as biofertilizer and 1bioenhancer for applications to important economic crops in Malaysia. The studies aim to: 1) determine the effect of co-inoculation with Bradyrhizobium japonicum and PGPR on root development, nodulation, nutrient uptake, growth and yield of green soybean; 2) observe the effects of rhizobacteria on associative N fixation, nutrient uptake. growth and yield (banana only) of oil palm seedlings and banana. Results showed that co-inoculation with PGPR and Bradyrhizobium japonicum (UPMR48, TAL102) significantly increased total nodule number and weight, root .volume and weight, nutrient uptake (N and P), chlorophyll content, seed-N concentration, and top and seed fresh weight as compared to the control. Results using 15N technique showed that applications of Azospirillum brasilense (Sp 7) and Bacillus sphaericus UPMB10 on oil palm seedlings can fix N2 (30%, glasshouse) and stimulate nutrient accumulation comparable to the control with complete fertilizer-no Oil palm seedlings in nursery over 260d, as in normal commercial production, could frx N 2 (25 -50% Ndfa; nitrogen derived from atmosphere), and produce higher root growth and nutrient uptake (P, K, Ca). In mature banana plants, there was a significant increase in total dry matter due to inoculation provided with 33% N-fertilization. Growth of inoculated (UPMB 10) banana seedlings to fruiting showed N ] fixation of 37 -39%. UPMB 10 also produced additional benefits as a bioenhancer by increasing bunch yield (35 -51%), photosynthetic rate (25%), Ca uptake, root growth (33 -44%), volume (76 -168%) an, mass (137 -141%), and higher shoot growth (123 -202%). Inoculation (Sp 7 and UPMB10) also increased the bunch yield (8-24%), finger size (65%) and the pulp/peel ratio (2.9). In conclusion, the locally isolated rhizobacteria (Bradyrhizobium japonicum UPMR48, Bacillus sphaericus UPMB10) have been shown to be effective as biofertilizei and bioenhancer for green soybean, oil palm seedlings and banana.

Availability :
Azarudin




NO. 26671

Ripening behaviour of local 'pisang berangan' after exposure to chilling temperature


Ratule, MT; Osman, A; Saari, N; Ahmad, SH
Department of Food Science; Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 Serdang; Selangor

Agriculture Congress 2004; University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor; 4-7 October 2004; p219-221

Abstract:
'Pisang Berangan 'was stored at 5. 10 and 15 °C to evaluate ripening behaviour as assessed by changing of peel colour (L *. C*. hO), pulp firmness (PuF), solouble solids concentration (SSC), and litratable acidity (TA). There was a significant linear decrease of peel L * values in bananas stored at 5 and 10 °C. The decrease in peel L * values indicated they were darker in colour. There was also a significant linear decrease of C* values in bananas stored at 5 and 10 °C. However, both peel L * and C* values of banana stored for 12 day at 15 °C did not show any significant change. Significant negatif quadratic and linear relationship between peel ho values and storage duration were & observed at 5 and 10 °C, respectively. Apparently, all the colour components in the ripened banana decrease after exposure at both 5 and 10 °C. Significant quadratic relationship between PuF and storage duration were observed at1 0 °C and 15 °C. This indicated that PuF decreased normally up to 8 days, and then increased due to either incapable of synthesizing enzymes responsible for softening or it is insensitive to ethylene s inducing effect. However, PuF of banana stored at 15 °C did not show any significant change. Banana stored at 5 °C failed to exhibit a normal change of SSC after 12 days of ripening following chilling temperature storage. Meanwhile, banana stored at both 10 and15°C showed similar values of SSC during storage for 12 days. This indicated that the change in SSC values was not affected by storing banana during 12 days at 10 °C. Banana stored at 5 °C showed lower values of TA as compared 1 with banana stored at 10 °C and 15 °C. Results obtained showed that TA changed abnormally in the ripening of banana after exposing at 5°C. Banana stored at 5 °C for 12 days did not ripen properly as indicated by a poor change of pulp firmness, TA. peel colour (L *, C*, ho values) and SSC. Meanwhile, banana stored at 10 °C exhibited normal change of pulp firmness, TA, and SSC, however, it showed significant decrease in peel L*. C* and ho values as compared with 15 °C.

Availability :
Azarudin




NO. 26676

The effect of different levels of relative humidity (rh) on peeling quality of pisang mas (Musa cv. Mas (aa) during ripening


Wo, SM; Osman, A; Ahmad, SH; Saari, N
Department of Food Science; Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology , Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor

Agriculture Congress 2004; University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor; 4-7 October 2004; p234-237

Abstract:
Pisang Mas has a fairly thin skin and is susceptible to peeling difficulty disorder where the peel cannot be removed easily and cleanly from the pulp. Adhering peel can affect the consumer s acceptance of the fruits despite good taste and aroma. As relative humidity had earlier been reported to have an effect on peeling quality, in this study, fruits were ripened at different levels of relative humidity. Results showed that only fruits stored at low humidity were found to have poor peeling problem. Rapid moisture loss and advance ripening in fruits stored at low humidity are closely related to peeling quality.

Availability :
Azarudin




NO. 26686

Changes in peel colour of Musa aaa 'Berangan' and 'William cavendish' during degreening


Phebe, D; Siti Hajar, A; Abd. Rahman, AR; Nazamid, S; Mahmud Tengku Muda Mohamed
Department of Crop Science; Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor

Agriculture Congress 2004; University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor; 4-7 October 2004; p28431-286

Abstract:
The objective of this study was to determine peel colour of Berangan and Cavendish ripened at 18 ±2 and 27±2'C.

Availability :
Azarudin




NO. 26677

Ripening behaviour of local dessert bananas (Musa cv. Berangan and pisang mas) exposed to different ripening temperatures


Azizah, O; Wo, SM; Fun, WY; Pan, AL
Department of Food Science; Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor

Agriculture Congress 2004; University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor; 4-7 October 2004; p242-245

Abstract:
The physicochemical characteristics of a fruit changes according to the temperature at which it is exposed to during the process of ripening. Thus, ripening behaviour of Pisang Berangan and Pisang Mas at different ripening temperatures (20"C, 25°C and 30"C) were studied. Results obtained showed that fruits stored at 30"C had the shortest ripening period (6 days), while those at 25°C and 20"C ripened only after 8 and 12 days, respectively. This indicated that physico-chemical changes of banana were at a slower rate when exposed to lower temperature and vice versa. Overall, both Pisang Berangan and Pisang Mas fruits ripened at 25°C showed a more consistent and uniform trend in the physico-chemical changes that occurred.

Availability :
Azarudin




NO. 26758

Utilization of STMS markers for varietal differentiation of Malaysian banana


Fatimah, K; Asif, MJ; Norzalina, M; Ho, YW; Othman, RY
Institute of Biological Sciences; Division of Genetics and Molecular Biology; University of Malaya; 50603 Kuala Lumpur

Proceedings of the fifth National Genetics Congress; 25-27 March 2003; Kuala Lumpur; p 164-165

Abstract:
Morphological and biochemical markers are affected by the environment and are less polymorphic. DNA markers have shown tremendous potential for analyzing problems in plant genetic and breeding. RFLP's have extensively been used but they are laborious and technically demanding. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and amplified fragment polymorphism (AFLP) can readily be used without prior knowledge of the genome. However, the dominant nature of these markers limits their application for the study of segregating populations. Recently, sequence tagged microsatellite site (STMS) markers provided high specificity, reproducibility and co-dominance making them marker of choice for banana breeding. Results of STMS analysis on Rastali and its somaclonal variant showed polymorphism within the two varieties. Therefore, STMS seems to be useful and sensitive marker for markers assisted selection (MAS) breeding.

Availability :
Salwana




NO. 26790

The potential and success of planting papaya and Mas banana on commercial basis: EPA's experience


Vincent, C
Eastern Plantation Agency (Johor) Sendirian Berhad; Ulu Tiram Estate (Johor); Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Proceedings of the 3rd National Fruits Symposium; 24-26 September 1991; Genting Highlands; Pahang; p70-74

Abstract:
The involvement of Eastern Plantation Agency (EP A) as a plantation based company in commercial tropical fruit cultivation is part of its diversification program into horticultural crops. This paper discusses some important aspects of EP A 's experiences in the commercial cultivation of papaya and banana. Special attention is given to tissue cultured golden banana in terms of selection and field planting results of clonal material derived from its own research effort.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26792

Estimated water requirements of some Malaysian commercial fruit crops


Wan Hassan, WD; Mohd Noor, J; Embi, Y
Agricultural Engineering Division; MARDI Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of the 3rd National Fruits Symposium; 24-26 September 1991; Genting Highlands; Pahang; p188-197

Abstract:
Application of irrigation technology especially the micro irrigation system for fruits production in this country has started only recently i.e less than a decade ago. Realizing that irrigation can enhance crop growth, increased and consistent yield and ensure better fruit quality, irrigated fruit production will continue to increase at an accelerated rate. The benefits of irrigation can be fully exploited if proper system design and practice are adopted. Not withstanding the success of several irrigated fruit farms in this country, experimental data on the crop water requirements of local fruit are not available. Knowledge of crop water requirements is essential in water resources planning, irrigation system selection and design and as well as irrigation scheduling. Whilst waiting for experimental results, which would take significantly long time, it is felt that there is an immediate need to formulate practical estimate figures for design and management purposes.|This paper presents the estimated crop water requirements for every growth stage of some 15 local commercial fruits. It is a useful guide particularly to agricultural/irrigation engineers, irrigation designers, agronomists and farm managers. These values were obtained through mathematical computations applying micro irrigation system approach. They were based on a number of estimated parameters. The most important input parameters were reference evapotranspiration (ETo), crop coefficient (Kc), crop spacing and percent area shaded by the canopy. Crop water requirements were tabulated into four different groups according to four broad agro- ecological zones. However, judicious use of these figures is recommended before a more refined data are available through field measurements.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26793

Postharvest handling and processing of tropical fruits: a review


Noraini, MK; Adinan, H; Mohd. Salleh, P
Food Technology Research Centre; Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute [MARDI]; Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Proceedings of the 3rd National Fruits Symposium; 24-26 September 1991; Genting Highlands; Pahang; p243-253

Abstract:
The demand for processed fruit, fruit intermediates and natural fruit flavours by the food industry is growing. Fresh fruits are highly perishable, expensive to transport and highly variable in terms of quality. For processing, fruit should undergo proper postharvest handling system to ensure constant supply of high quality produce. Handling starts from harvesting at the correct maturity and infield transportation to the processing plant Fruits are subjected to several packinghouse operations such as sorting, trimming, w8shing, drying, grading and packaging. During peak seasons; fruits can be stored for a certain period under suitable storage conditions. Fruits requiring maximum and uniform ripening should be ripened artificially using recommended procedures.|Exotic tropical fruits which are more readily available, provide novelty products for the consumers. The range of products generated are enormous and include canned, frozen, dried and pickled fruits, fruit leather, fruit rolls, fruit juices and nectars, fruit drinks, fruit pulps and purees, fruit conserves, jams, jellies and marmalades, fruit powders and flakes and natural fruit flavours. The technologies for their processing are discussed.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26795

Clonal fruit collection in Sabah


William, WW Wong
Department of Agriculture; Sabah, Malaysia

Proceedings of the 3rd National Fruits Symposium; 24-26 September 1991; Genting Highlands; Pahang; p298-303

Abstract:
Many of Malaysia's local fruits can be clonally propagated by the various vegetative methods. Among the more popular clonally propagated fruits which are known to many are the mango, durian, guava, rambutan, the citrus, starfruit, jackfruit and cempedak. The Department of Agriculture, Sabab has over the years, collected and assembled a vast variety of such fruit clones and some of the important families are given as examples to illustrate the diversity of the clonal fruit collection in Sabah, where there are many species of fruits that are both common and popular. The lesser known but important local fruits and some of the exotic species will also be discussed.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26833

Postharvest calcium treatment of pisang emas


Siti Hajar, A; Rashidah, AR
Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Transactions of The Malaysian Society Plant Physiology 2 (vol.2); 27-28 August 1991; University Putra Malaysia; p257-262

Abstract:
The quality of pisang emas after treatment wit calcium was determined. six to seven weeks old bananas were treated with four levels of calcium (0,5, 10 and 15 %) by the dip-in and vacuum - infiltration methods. The treated fruit were stored at ambient temperature (27 ± 2 C). There were TI significant effect of levels and methods of calcium application on firmness, soluble solids content, flavor and weight loss of fruits. The fruits were softer and sweeter with greater soluble solids content seven days after treatment. However, at eleven days after treatment, both soluble solids content and flavor were reduced. Fruit treated with 15% calcium by the vacuum-infiltration method had more bruises and black spots compared to other fruits.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26870

The effect of two different N forms on root development of Berangan banana


Dg. Masrizah, AT
Faculty of Agriculture; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

BSc Thesis; University Putra Malaysia; 2003; p56

Abstract:
A study was conducted to investigate the effect of two different N forms on root development of Berangan banana cv 'lntan' at Field 2 Shed House Universiti Putra Malaysia. This study utilized the tissue-cultured plantlets in hydroponics technique in a CRD with ten replications. The effect of two different N treatments nitrate or ammonium was determined on plants morphological and physiological characteristics such as primary root length, primary root number, N contents in leaf and root tissues, total leaf area, and root volume. The results showed that root number and root length were influenced by different N treatments. Nitrogen content in the root tissues and total leaf area were also influenced by different N treatments. In general, this study indicated that the nitrate N form gave encouraging responses to root and shoot of young Berangan banana cv 'Intan' plants.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 97011

Corn and beyond: an exploration of sustainability, indebtedness, and future land use of the Sierra Madre forest fringe


Hobbes, M; de Groot, WT
The Sierra Madre Mountain Range: Global Relevance, Local Realities, Papers presented at the 4th Regional Conference on Environment and Development: 161-173 (2003)

Abstract:
Banana and yellow corn are the economic cornerstones of the upland area between the Cagayan lowlands and the Sierra Madre forest. Based on the household and focus groups interviews, this paper shows how the high inputs needed to grow yelllow corn, corn crop failure risks, and the ongoing soil degradation of the corn lands combine to create debt bondage of the farmers. This in turn leads to responses (including debt evasion strategies) that express themselves in land use change. For the level of the uplands as a whole, three possible scenarios for the future are distinguished, namely: (1) a Malthusian, "going down" scenario, (2) a Boserupian scenario of sustainable corn, and (3) a more eclectic scenario of land use diversification. In varying degrees, all of these imply risks for the future of the Sierra Madre forest, but insight in the economic mechanisms also leads to policy to avert these problems.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 26972

Radiation effect on phenolic compounds during the stage of ripe fruits (Musa sapientum)
Kesan sinaran gama ke atas sebation fenolik semasa pemasakan buah pisang (Musa sapientum)

Ba1aguru; JG; Senafi, S; Omar, O; Tan, SC
Biochemistry Department; National University of Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor

Proceedings of the 11th Malaysian Biochemical Society Conference; 9-10 September 1985; PORIM; editor R. Perumal

Abstract:
Radiation treatment at 10,25,35 or 40 krad could lengthen the storage time of banana (pisang emas). The most appropriate dose was found to be 10 krad which could lengthen the storage time from 7 to 13 days. Accordingly, the control sampe1 achieved the maximal colour index (8) within seven days whereas the radiated sample on the eleventh day. The level of chlorophyll in the sample corresponded to the ripening of banana. However radiation treatment up to 40 krad did not affect the reducing sugars content at the maximal stage of ripe fruits. Analysis from the banana peels showed that the content of phenolic compounds ie. Cinnamic acid, ferulic acid, coumarin, quercetin and catechin were significantly affected. In contrast, within the pulp, only two types of phenolic compounds (cinnamic acid and catechin) were affected.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26980

Effects of carbon dioxide on several enzymes activities in banana


Mohamad, AA; Omar, O; Tan, SC
Faculty of Life Sciences; National University of Malaysia; 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Proceedings of the 11th Malaysian Biochemical Society Conference; 9-10 September 1985; PORIM; editor R.Perumal

Abstract:
"CO2 injury" is a physiological disorder of banana (Musa sapientum cultivar emas) that develops during storage under high levels of CO2. The biochemical link of the CO2 effect on the fruit was approached by studying the effects of elevated levels of CO2 on several enzymes in banana. Malic enzyme and phosphoenol pyruvate carboxylase were markedly inhibited by increasing levels of CO2.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 96985

Growth and yield response of latundan (Musa acuminata) to the application of caligro foliar fertilizer


Macarayan, OB
USM [University of Southern Mindanao] Research & Development Journal 11 (2): 151-159 (2003)

Abstract:
One cropping of Latundan from sword sucker (between 50-60 cm) up to harvesting was studied at the experimental area of the University of Southeastern Philippines, Apokon, Tagum City.|The concerns of the study were: to determine the effect of Caligro on the growth and yield response of Latundan as affected by the leveof fertilizer and its application frequency.|Caligro significantly affected the yield and agronomic characteristics of Latundan. But when applied with half or full recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer, its effect was not significant. It shortened the days from sword sucker to harvesting by 43 days when sprayed once every two weeks.|Frequency of Caligro application did not significantly affect the growth and yield response of Latundan.

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Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96987

The effects of AZ 41 organic foliar fertilizer on corm weevil, sigatoka, and yield of lakatan banana


Tangonan, NG; Cabahug, JC; Ruano, CP
USM [University of Southern Mindanao] Research & Development Journal 11 (2): 179-190 (2003)

Abstract:
AZ 41 was tested in two sets of experiments (Set A, 4-month-old seedlings and Set B, 7-month-old seedlings) at Bongolanon, Magpet, Cotabato. It is interesting to note that in terms of disease severity and percentage infection of sigatoka on lakatan banana, all three AZ 41 treatments showed the least ratings or values (20.3 to 23.08). Similarly, AZ 41-treated bananas had significantly lesser weevil damage compared to the other treatments. This strongly suggests the pesticidal efficacy of AZ 41 on corm weevil and sigatoka of lakatan banana were comparable with other fertilizer treatments, there being no significant differences, except in the untreated control, however, AZ 41-treated bananas were numerically taller and showed bigger pseudostem circumference. MEanwhile, the yield showed a trend towards heavier fruit branches in AZ 41-treated bananas compared to the untreated control. It appears that AZ 41 had a favorable effect on the overall performance of lakatan banana.

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Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96980

Growth response of tissue cultured abaca (Musa textilis Nee) seedling to the application of genica liquid concentrate organic fertilizer


Macarayan, OB
USM [University of Southern Mindanao] Research & Development Journal 12 (1): 80-89 (2004)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to generate information on the agronomic effectiveness of Genica liquid concentrate organic fertilizer to the hardening of tissue cultured abaca seedlings. The study was composed of six treatments arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) replicated four times. This was conducted at the Agusan Plantation Inc., Manat, Trento, Agusan del Sur from the period September to December, 2003.|Results showed that the growth/stand of tissue cultured abaca seedlings treated with 30 ml and/or 60 ml Genica liquid concentrate organic fertilizer per liter of water every 10 days (T5 and T6) significantly surpassed the growth/stand of the untreated tissue cultured abaca seedlings (T1-control) and statistically equaled the growth/stand of the untreated tissue cultured abaca seedlings applied with 5 grams 14-14-14 NPK complete fertilizer per plant per month and 30 ml and/or 60 ml Genica liquid concentrate organic fertilizer per liter of water sprayed every 10 days (T# and T4). However, it was observed that much better growth/stand of tissue cultured abaca seedlings found in treatments T3 and T4.

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Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96986

The effects of varying levels of fertilizer on the growth and yield of abaca as intercrop to mature and immature rubber trees


Tolentino, LM; Tabora, RG; Turnos, NA; Castillo, AG
USM [University of Southern Mindanao] Research & Development Journal 11 (2): 160-174 (2003)

Abstract:
The effects of varying levels of fertilizer on the growth and yield of abaca as intercrop to mature and immature rubber trees was conducted at the experimental area of the Philippine Industrial Crops Research Institute, University of Southern Mindanao in Lumayong, Kabacan, Cotabato.|The different treatments were laid in a Split Plot Design in three replications with the age of rubber trees to where the abaca was intercropped as the main-plot and varying fertilizer levels as sub-plot. The fertilizer levels ranged from no fertilization to 75% higher than the recommended rate.|Increments in height and base diameter were significantly higher in fertilized plants regardless of whether the plants were intercropped in mature or immature rubber. Stolling ability of the abaca plants in mature rubber was drastically reduced however, bigger stalks were produced.|Fiber yield of abaca was significantly affected by fertilizer. Yield was highest in plants fertilized with 75% higher than RR. Tensile strength of abaca fibers, on the other hand, was significantly affected by the combined effects of age of rubber and varying fertilizers levels. Strongest fibers were produced in plants fertilized with 50% higher than RR. Strength of fibers decreased as the fertilizer level was further increased to 75% higher than RR.

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Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 22730

Physiochemical changes during maturation and after ripening of bananas (Musa sapientum W. Embun)


Abdullah, H; Rohaya, MA; Zaipun, MZ
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute;Serdang;Selangor

MARDI Research Bulletin 13(3):341-347(1985)

Abstract:
Studies on the maturity index of Embun banana based on the physico-chemical changes at maturity stage between nine and 16 weeks from flower emergence were carried out. The optimum maturity stage for harvesting was between 12 and 15 weeks, where the changes could be seen on the peel colour from dark green to light green, the remaining stylar ends were dry and brittle and the fruits were less angular in shape. During maturation, the pulp to peel weight ratio increased gradually. The length to diameter ratio decreased only after 12 weeks but remained constant after 15 weeks. The starch contents increased up to the 14th week but decreased suddenly the following weeks. The sugar contents were almost nil at 15th week and earlier, but suddenly increased at 16th week. Fruits harvested between 11 and 16 weeks were organoleptically acceptable after allowing them to ripe. The pH value and total solids in the ripe fruits were not significantly different.

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Malaysian Agriucltural Research and Development Institute




NO. 97002

Growth performance of cobb broilers fed with cavendish banana (Musa cavendishi) fruit meal as substitute for fine rice bran with and without enzyme


Domingo, MF; Cambel, IH
The Mitochondria SKPSC [Sultan Kudarat Polytechnic State College] Research & Development Journal 7 (2): 72-92 (July-December 2001)

Abstract:
A study on the growth performance of Cobb broilers fed with Cavendish banana (Musa cavendishi) fruit meal as substitute for fine rice bran with and without enzyme was carried out in a 2 x 6 factorial experiment in a Complete Randomized Desing (CRD) using hundred eighty (180) heads of day-old Cobb broiler chicks distributed randomly in twelve (12) treatments replicated three times. Each replication consisted of five (5) heads of broilers.|The parameters gathered were: (a) initial weight (g) of the birds, (b) average weight gain (g), (c) feed consumption (g), (d) feed conversion efficiency, (e) feed cost to produced one kilogram body weight, and (f) cost and return analysis.|Results of the study revealed that enzyme supplementation did not affect the average weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion efficiency, feed cost to produce one kilogram body weight, and cost and return analysis. Likewise, all the levels of substitution of cavendish fruit meal for fine rice bran from 20 to 100% did not affect the productive performance of broilers.|Based on the foregoing results, it was concluded that enzyme supplementation could not influence the growth performance of broiler. Likewise, Cavendish banana fruit meal could totally replace the fine rice bran components of broiler ration at 20% level of the total broiler diets.

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Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 97003

Product development for quality fruit paste using cavendish banana


Cajandig, JS
The Mitochondria SKPSC [Sultan Kudarat Polytechnic State College] Research & Development Journal 7 (1): 55-62 (January-June 2001)

Abstract:
This study was conducted to develop qulaity fruit paste using Cavendish banana and compare it to the commercial fruit paste in terms of sensory qualities such as color, texture, taste of flavor, aroma, palatability, general acceptability, commercial capability, packaging capability, shelf life, and production cost.|A descriptive research was employed in this study. the following were the treatments used: Treatment 1, 100% Cavendish banana puree with banana flavor; Treatment 2, 75% Cavendish banana puree and 25% papaya puree, and Treatment 3, 50% Cavendish banana puree and 50% papaya puree, and Treatment 4 as the control or commercial papaya puree. Each of the four treatments made use of 2 and 1/4 cups refined sugar, one tablespoon flavoring (banana flavor, orange flavor, and pineapple flavor) one tablespoon butter, and 2/3 tablespoon calamansi juice, and one cup powedered milk.|Results of the study showed that 100% Cavendish banana puree (T1) was the most preferred among the other treatments in making quality fruit paste due to its acceptability in color, texture, aroma, flavor,palatability, excellent packaging, shelf-life assurance and low production cost; thus, its utilization is recommended.

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Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 97018

Control of spiral nematode attacking cavendish banana (Helicotylenchus multinctus Golden) using microbial antagonists


Generalao, LC
Southeastern Philippines Journal of Research and Development 9 (1): 93-105 (January-June 2001)

Abstract:
Two fungal species namely: Paecilomyces lilacinus and Trichoderma harzinum Rifai and three isolates of Bacillus cereus Frankland and Frnakland and red bacterium, Serratia marcescens Bizio, were found antagonistic to Helcotylenchus multicinctus Golden attacking cavendish banana.|In the laboratory tests and green house experiments the microorganisms significantly exhibited varying degrees of reducing the presence of root galls, root lesions and nematode populations in roots and in the soil. Attributes like plant height, root length and root weight were likewise significantly enhanced when cavendish banana were applied with different microbial treatments.

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Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 97014

Physiological characterization of the green soft disorder of 'saba' banana


Bantilan-Pepito, MF
Southeastern Philippines Journal of Research and Development 8 (2): 67-78 (July-December 2000)

Abstract:
'Saba' banana exhibited the green soft disorder (GSD) when subjected to modified atmosphere (MA) by sealing in 0.03-mm thick ployethylene bags (PEB) for longer than 6 days at 25 degree C. The gas levels in the bags were: 1-3% O2, 23% CO2 and 28 ppm ethylene (C2H4). Anaerobiosis was indicated by the presence of ethanol )EtOH) and acetaldehyde (AA) in the bags. Green soft fruits had fermented odor and flavor with pulp and peel discoloration.|Low O2 was subsequently found to completely inhibit ethylene-induced peel color development but not pulp softening. Similarly, 20% EtOH and 10% CO2 were shown to effect the inhibition of peel color development without without the concomitant inhibition of pulp softening. In contrast, AA could enhance pulp softening without significantly retarding peel color development. Under N2, which leads to very low )2 levels, both ethylene-induced pulp softening and peel color development were arrested.|The result of this series of studies are consistent with the hypothesis that GSD arises from the combined effects of low O2 (5%) and threshold levels of ethylene which led to anaerobiosis. Elevated CO2, EtOH and AA in teh fruits, which, in turn, arise from anaerobic metabolism, inhibit peel color development but not softening.

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Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 97019

Incidence of fusarium wilt in commercial cavnedish plantations in Davao, Philippines


Pedrosa,Jr, AM
Southeastern Philippines Journal of Research and Development 2 (1): 1-22 (June 1995)

Abstract:
The increasing incidence of Fusarium Wilt also known as Panama Disease (PD) caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Synd. & Hans. on Cavendish in Davao indicated the need for epidemiological data of this disease in teh Davao area.|Materials and methods-A fusarium wilt monitoring system was organized involving the production and research personnel in twelve (12) commercial cavendish plantation in cooperation with the Del Monte Research Laboratory. Epidemiological information was collected from every PD case and complied for analysis. Experiments were conducted to relate the size of population of F. oxysporim f. sp. cubense in PD infected sites with the PD incidence. A survey of the weeds on the plantation as possible hosts for the fungus was also conducted.|Results- The PD monitoring system had shown that Fusarium wilt in the cavendish plantations is slowly spreading in some areas but static in most places. The localized nature of infected mats and the slow spread indicated a major infuence of environmental and cultural conditions in the development of the disease on the resistant Cavendish.|F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense populations in the soil of infected sites were low and the number could not be quantitatively correlatedwith PD incidence in the site and on the plantation. The roots of some weeds in PD infected sites can be surfaced or systematically infected and can function as alternate hosts for the PD fungus.

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Scientific Literature Services; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 26973

Effect of ethrel on biochemical changes during fruits ripening


Halimah AS; Noreen, M; Adenan, S
Biochemistry Department; National University of Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor

Proceedings of the 11th Malaysian Biochemical Society Conference; 9-10 September 1985; PORIM; editor R.Perumal

Abstract:
The role of ethrel in inducing the ripening of banana was studied base on the polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase activities as compared to the normal ripening. Some ripening characteristics were also studied including ascorbic acid, reducing sugar, total sugar, titratable acidity and soluble solid contents. The concentration of ethrel used were 0 ppm (as control), 250 ppm, 500 ppm and 1000 ppm. These biochemical changes were followed everyday for ten days of ripening. The results showed that the PPO activity was increased in banana fruits treated with 500 ppm and 1000 ppm ethrel whereas in the control, the acitivity was decreased after seven days of ripening. The activity of peroxidase was increased during the ripening up to the senecense stage and the increment was proportional to the concentration of ethrel used. However the enzyme activity patterns were the same in all treatments. In all treatments, the content of ascorbic acid was high in the green mature stage and then decreasing during the ripening. The total sugar and reducing sugar were increased during the ripening and the increment were higher in the higher concentration of ethrel used. The titratable acidity content was increased up to one day before the optimum ripening stage and then decreasing towards the later stage of ripening. The soluble solid content was also increased during the ripening and the increment was higher in the ethrel treated fruits.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 96012

The response of Tangonan abaca to varying spacing of ipil-ipil (Leucaena glauca L.) shade trees


Colebrar, FR; Gavarra, MR
Abstract on Leucaena; Forest Research Institute Reference Series No. 8; Forest Research Institute; Ministry of Natural Resources; Halos, HC (ed.); College, Laguna, Philippines; (undated); pp. 13

Abstract:
The results show that dense shading with ipil-ipil at a distance of 2.5 m x 2.5 m and 5.0 m x 5.0m, adversely affected suckering, total weight per hectare, total harvestable stalks per hectare and ultimatley the yield of shaded Tangonan abaca.|Plant height, girth measurement and records on mosaic infection did not differ much among treatments compared. Shade spacing at 7.5 m x 7.5 cm did not affect yield and other growth parameters.

Availability :
Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 96023

Comparison of the financial returns between kaingin agriculture (rice, coffee, banana production) and ipil-ipil (Leucaena glauca L. Benth) forewood production


Francia, GP, Jr
Abstract on Leucaena; Forest Research Institute Reference Series No. 8; Forest Research Institute; Ministry of Natural Resources; Halos, HC (ed.); College, Laguna, Philippines; (undated); p. 18

Abstract:
The study deals with the determination of the soil rent values when "kaingin" land is used for rice, banana, coffee and ipil-ipil production. From the results, it was concluded that given the same quality of land area, ipil-ipil production gives the highest land value, followed by banana production, then coffee production and the lowest is upland rice production. The data analyzed was obtained from costs and returns of "kaingin" areas within Mt. Makiling, Laguna, Philippines, within 1958 through 1960.

Availability :
Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 96128

Mushroom production in corn cobs


Cambel
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights ' 96; Lorica, MV; Cabangbang, MVDF (eds); Los Baños, Laguna, PCARRD, 1997; p 86

Abstract:
Mushrooms are commonly grown in banana leaves and rice straw. However, Cambel et al. (SKPSC) tried using corn cobs because of their abundance in the area. They fiund that mushroom growers can derive higher income with the use of corn cobs. The substrate can be used for two cropping seasons and mushroom buttons can be harvested in 15-21 days with minimal inputs and simple technology.|Mushroom can be produced in corn cobs year-round. Dried corn cobs can be stored or piled. Hence, mushroom can be produced even during dry season.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96155

Banana trunks and leaves as feed to sheep and goats


Barcelo, PM; Libong, JE
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights '97; PCARRD, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; 1998; 167p; Malicsi, LC and Joven, JEA (eds); p. 110

Abstract:
Barcelo and Libong - Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University (DMMMSU) studied the feeding values of banana ; leaves and trunks and the performance of the animals. The feeding regime included supplementation of either ipil or concentrates and enzymes to the rations.|Banana trunks and leaves had 14.22% dry matter, 17.39% ash, 29.67% crude fat and 5.82% crude protein.|The voluntary intake of sheep fed with pure banana trunks and leaves and with concentrates and enzyme supplements were comparable. The digestibilities of dry matter, ash and crude fats were significantly higher in sheep fed with banana trunks and leaves than those fed with banana trunks and leaves with concentrates. The digestibilities of the crude protein, crude fiber and nitrogen free extract were comparable in sheep fed with banana trunk and leaves with or without concentrate and enzyme supplements. A positive nitrogen balance was observed (x=4.72) in sheep fed with banana trunks and leaves.|The gain in weight of goats fed with ipil-ipil was significantly higher than that of the sheep fed with banana trunks and leaves with and without concentrate supplements. However, mimosine toxicity was observed in sheep fed with pure ipil-ipil silage and supplements.|Sheep fed with ipil-ipil silage plus 50% banana trunks and leaves had the highest profit above feed and stock cost with a mean of P264.04, while the sheep fed with banana trunks and leaves had the lowest profit above feed and stock cost with a mean of P145.72.|Goats fed with pure banana trunks and leaves had the highest voluntary intake with a mean of 2.61 kg followed by goats fed with banana trunks and leaves supplemented with concentrates with a mean of 1.55 kg. The results could be explained by the fact that animals eat to satisfy the nutrient requirements and capacity of their stomach. The concentrates and enzymes contained additional nutrients and bulk, thus lowering the voluntary intake.|In banana trunk-and leaf-based ration, the inclusion of ipil-ipil could improve the nutrient composition of the diet.

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Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96098

Modified atmosphere storage (MA) for banana, papaya and pineapple


Serrano, EP
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights ' 96; Lorica, MV; Cabangbang, MVDF (eds); Los Baños, Laguna, PCARRD, 1997; p 50-51

Abstract:
MA packaging has been shown to delay ripening of some fruits. Serrano (UPLB-PHTRC) sought to optimize the application of MA storage in commercially cultivated varieties of banana,papaya and pineapple.|A. Banana. Polyethylene bag (PEB) -enclosed 'Lantundan' bananas exhibit delay in ripening when shipped from Davao to Manila. Control fruits attain fully yellow color or tbale rip stage (TRS) 14 days after harvest, while MA-packed fruits are still green and attain TRS 12 days after bag opening. MOre mature fruits (harvested 12 weeks after shooting) reach TRS 4 days earlier than the less mature fruits (harvested 11 weeks after shooting). The beneficial effect of ehtylene absorbent in delaying ripening is observed in MA-packed mature fruits. HArdening of some pulp portion at TRS is observed in MA-packed less more fruits;but is absent in the control and MA-packed mature fruits.|In similar shipment trial, completely enclosed 'Lakatan' bananas at different maturities (80 and 90 days after shooting) in PEB provided with ethylene adsorbent extend the green life 2 weeks longer compared with the control. Control fruits ripen 2 weeks after harvest. More mature fruits ripen ahead than the less mature fruits regardless of the number of adsorbent used. Further enclosure for more than 4 weeks further delays r