Pennisetum purpureum Schumach
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NO. 23737

The effect of rations containing coffee pulp on the carcass performance of young LID x Red Dane bulls


Musaddin, K; Mohd Shukri, I; Dahlan, I
Livestock Research Division; MARDI; Kluang; Johore; Malaysia

MARDI Research Bulletin 14 (1): 93-97 (1986)

Abstract:
A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of rations containing 20%, 40% and 60% coffee pulp on the carcass performance of young LID x Red Dane bulls. As a control, a group of animals were fed with 100% napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum). The crude protein contents of the rations and napier grass were 11.2 - 12.7% and 9.3%, respectively with gross energy contents of 2.8 - 3.4 and 3.6 kcal/kg, respectively. After 322 days on these rations, a total of 12 animals were slaughtered to evaluate their body composition and carcass characteristics. The results indicated that bulls that were on the 20% coffee pulp ration yielded higher (P<0.05) dressing percentage, carcass weight, total meat and total edible tissue than the other groups. The values of these variables for the animals that were on the 20% coffee pulp ration were 57.0%, 132.2, 85.7 and 108.0 kg, respectively. Animals that were on 100% napier grass produced 54.8%, 92.3, 58.2 and 75.7 kg, respectively.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Jalan FRIM, Kepong Karung Berkunci 201, 52109 Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaysia; phone: (60) (3) 627 42633; fax: (60) (3) 627 65531
Email: philip@frim.gov.my




NO. 39079

Copra meal and liquid molasses-urea as supplements to rice straw for feedlot bulls


Natural, NC; Perez Jr, CB
The Philippine Agriculturist 61 (5-6): 176-185 (1977)

Abstract:
Twenty four 1 ½ to 2-year-old grade Zebu bulls (Bos indicus) were randomly assigned to four equal treatments in a 126-day feeding trial. The four treatments were: I - 70% Napier grass-Centrosema sillage/soilage and 30% copra meal; II - 70% rice straw and 30% copra meal; III - 50% rice straw 25% copra meal and 25% molasses-urea; and IV - 50% rice straw and 50% molasses-urea. Average daily weight gains were 0.29, 0.36, 0.52 and 0.25 kg for treatments I, II, III and IV respectively. Treatment III turned out best (P <.01). Average daily feed intakes (88% dry matter basis) were 3.83, 4.81, 5.46 and 5.17 kg for treatments I, II, III and IV, respectively. Treatment II had the highest feed intake (P<.01).Feed efficiency for treatments I, II, III and IV were 13.93, 12.81, 10.55 and 20.33 kg feed per kg liveweight gain, respectively. Treatment III was significantly better than all the other treatments (P <.01). Dry matter digestibilities of rations were 67.76, 60.84, 65.77 and 60.80 for treatments I, II, III and IV, respectively; total digestible nutrients (TDN, dry basis) were 53.54, 54.43, 66.45 and 51.98%, respectively; and digestible energy (DE, dry basis) were 1934, 2294, 2825 and 2573 kcal per kg, respectively.

Availability :
Library; Institute of Plant Breeding (IPB); University of the Philippines Los Baños, College; Laguna; Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5362 298; fax: (63) (49) 5363 438
Email: vmvc@ipb.uplb.edu.ph




NO. 71316

Forage plants
Cac loai cay va co trong lam thuc an gia suc

Mong Hung
So tay sinh ly mot so cay trong o Vietnam [Handbook on phyology of some cultivars in Vietnam]; Vol. 1; Scientific Publishing House, Hanoi, 1966; p 96-116

Abstract:
Chloris gayana, Chloris inflata, Echinochloa crus-galli, Panicum amoenum, Pennisetum purpureum and Zizania latifolia can be planted in the spring, are suitable to low land and muddy soils. They can be harvested one month after planting.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 80003

Agroforestry trials on forest land: experiences and options


Bekkering, TD
Working paper No. 20, Kali Konto Project; 1988, 23 p

Abstract:
Two agroforestry systems, the strip rotation system and the fuelwood plantation system are discussed. Transfer of authority of these trials from the project to the State Forest Authority is proposed and necessary adjustments suggested.

Availability :
Library; International Agricultural Centre (IAC); Lawickse Allee 11, P. O. Box 88, 6700 AB Wageningen, the Netherlands; phone: (31) (0) 317 495 495; fax: (31) (0) 317 495 395
Email: iac@iac.agro.nl




NO. 103567

Correlation between humidity of soil tillage layer and growth aspects of elephant grass
Korelasi antara kelembaban lapis olah tanah dengan aspek pertumbuhan rumput gajah

Suwarno; Amsar; Suwarso
Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Report; Purwokerto, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University, 1994; 25p

Abstract:
A research was conducted from August 1993 to February 1994 in Karangwangkal village, North Purwokerto subdistrict. The purpose of this research was to know the were relationships between humidity of soil tillage layer and growth aspects of elephant grass. The materials for this research (elephant grass and soil tillage layer) were obtained from the Experimental Farm of the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University. The data observed were soil humidity (X) as independent variable, and for dependent variables were the height (Y1) and number of tillers (Y2) of elephant grass. The results indicated that there was a significant (P<0.05), positive relationship between humidity of soil tillage layer and the height of elephant grass, and there was a very significant (P<0.01) positive relationship between humidity of soil tillage layer and number of tillers of the grass. It was concluded that the effect of humidity of soil tillage layer was greater on the number of tillers compared to that of the height of elephant grass.

Availability :
General Soedirman University, Central Library




NO. 100847

Nitrogenase activity and symbiotic effectiveness of Azospirillum sp. with corn
Aktivitas nitrogenase Azospirillum sp. and efektivitas simbiotiknya dengan jagung

Rusmana, I; Hadijaya, DD
Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia

Hayati [Biological] 1 (2): 51-54 (1994)

Abstract:
Fifty out of four hundred and forty five isolates of Azospirillum from plant roots and rhizospheres of Digitaria sp., Oryza sativa, Saccharum officinarum, Pennisetum purpureum, and Zea mays that were selected randomly were tested for their ability to fix nitrogen on the bases of their Acetylene Reduction Activity (ARA). All isolates showed their capability to reduce acetylene, and each isolate had different ARA depending on its origin and host. Ten selected isolates with high ARA were inoculated to Zea mays to test their simbiotic effectivity measured on the bases of host plant development and its dry weight. Biomass produced by four isolates was higher than those of control. Furthermore, ARA did not correlate with simbiotic activity.

Availability :
Microbiology Division, Library, Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 72723

Results of acclimatization of some forage grasses
Ket qua nghien cuu thich nghi tap doan cay co hoa thao

Vo Van Tri
Tap chi Khoa hoc va Ky thuat nong nghiep [Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology] 8: 441-445 (1980)

Abstract:
This paper presents a review on researches on forage grasses in the world and in Ba Vi state farm. The results of research in Ba Vi state showed that there are many species such as Pennisetum purpureum, Digitaria eriantha, Tripsacum laxum, and Cynodon dactylon that can be used as green fodder for animals.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 68982

Production of forages in marginal lands
Produksi tanaman hijauan pakan di lahan marginal

Prasetyo, T; Prawiradiputra, BR; Kusnadi, U
Ciawi Research Institute for Animal Science; P.O. Box 17, Bogor, Indonesia

Ilmu dan Peternakan [Animal Science and Husbandry] 7 (1): 29-31 (1993)

Abstract:
A series of forage trials were conducted in marginal lands in Gondanglegi village, Boyolali district and in the Field Laboratory, Ungaran, Central Java, in September 1991. The cultivars tested were napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum), king grass (Pennisetum purpuroides), Mucuna, Centrosema and Pueraria. The results showed that live ability of cuttings of grasses were relatively better compared to legumes. Napier grass cuttings produced 33,381 stems, while king grass produced 15,932 stems per 100 m². The stems could be planted to 4000 and 2500 m of terrace, respectively. Seed production of legumes were relatively lower due to slow growth during vegetative phase. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Ciawi Research Institute for Animal Science; P.O. Box 17; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69250

Growth of napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) in response to on various dosages of stable manure and different heights of pruning
Pertumbuhan rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) pada berbagai dosis pupuk kandang dengan tinggi pangkasan yang berbeda

Mu'tamar, GL
Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER]; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta, Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER], 1992; 46p

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to study the effect of different heights of cutting and dosages of stable manure application on the growth of napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum). The experiment was conducted in the greenhouse of Institute of Agriculture STIPER (INSTIPER) of Yogyakarta from June 15 to September 15, 1991. The location was at 178 m above sea level. A factorial design was used in this research experiment, consisting of two factors, i.e. dosage of manure and the height of cutting. Both factors were applied in four levels. The four levels of farm manure dosages were: P0= 0 g/pot as control, P1= 70 g/pot equal to 25 t/ha, P2= 100 g/pot equal to 35 t/ha, P3= 130 g/pot equal to 45 t/ha. The height of cutting was applied in four levels, namely: T0= 0 cm from surface of soil, T1= 5 cm from surface of soil, T2= 10 cm from surface of soil, T3= 15 cm from surface of soil. The results showed that: 1. There was no interaction between dosage of farm manure and height of cutting treatment. 2. The dosage of farm manure of 100 g/pot gave the best growth based on height of plant, number of tillers, number of leaves, weight of fresh leaves, weight of dry leaves, weight of fresh roots and weight of dry roots. 3. The height of cutting was non significant based on weight of fresh leaf, but the height of cutting 10 cm from surface of soil gave better result for height of plant, weight of dry roots and weight of fresh roots. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER] Library




NO. 103671

Effect of maturity stadia of napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) on the value of dry matter and protein digestibility for sheeps
Pengaruh stadia kematangan rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum) terhadap nilai bahan kering dan protein dicerna domba

Usri, U; Datta, M; Mardjiwo; Karnaen
Fakultas Peternakan UNPAD; Bandung, Indonesia

Majalah Ilmiah Universitas Pajajaran [Pajajaran University Scientific Journal] 13 (1): 76-80 (1995)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted on napier grass dry matter value and protein digestibility for sheeps. The experiment was laid out following a Completely Randomized Design with 2 treatments and 9 replications. The treatments were early stage of maturaty (42 days) and full bloom (63 days) of napier grass. Eighteen of 2.5 years old male sheep were used. The result of the experiment showed that dry matter value and protein digestibility of the napier grass at early stage of maturaty was significantly higher than those at the full bloom. It was suggested to defoliate napier grass at early stage of maturity. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 69674

Agronomic characteristics of Pennisetum purpuroides compared to Pennisetum purpureum as a forage
Sifat-sifat agronomi Pennisetum purpuroides dibandingkan dengan Pennisetum purpureum untuk hijauan makanan ternak

Mendra, K
Department of Nutrition and Animal Feed, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Udayana University; Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Majalah Ilmiah Unud [Udayana University Scientific Journal] 19 (33): 213-218 (1992)

Abstract:
A field experiment was carried out for 9 months to study the agronomic characteristics of Pennisetum purpuroides (King grass) compared to Pennisetum purpureum (local) at the Faculty of Animal Husbandry Research Station, about 25 km north of Denpasar. The experiment was laid out following a Randomized Completely Block Design with factorial treatment arrangement. There were 2 factors and 4 replications. The first factor was species of grasses: King Grass and Pennisetum (local), and the second factor was 3 levels of urea fertilizer: 200, 300 and 400 kg urea/ha/45 days. Plot size was 2 m x 2 m. The plants were cut every 45 days. The results of the experiment showed that King grass was superior to local Pennisetum on forage production and number of plants per clump: 211.15 tons of forage/ha/year with 32.15 plants/clump, compared to 160.65 tons of forage/ha/year with 25.45 plants/clump for local Pennisetum. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Library of Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102123

Adaptation test of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) in Tiom subdistrict, Irian Jaya
Uji adaptivitas tanaman rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum) di kecamatan Tiom, Irian Jaya

Darmawan, IWA
Majalah BPPT (Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi) [Journal of the Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology] (63): 22-33 (1995)

Abstract:
Adaptation test was conducted on elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) in 3,800 m² land (38 plots) in Tiom sub-district, Irian Jaya. Shoots appeared 23-30 days after planting. The average growth rate was 16.37 cm/month. The plants were harvested when they were 163.7 cm tall. Annual yield could reach 132 t/ha. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 80026

Artificial drying of elephant grass - pellet quality and costs, report of an experiment


Muijs, DJ
BCPP/Regional Dairy Training Centre

BCPP/Regional Dairy Training Centre, Technical Cooperation Project, Indonesia/The Netherlands. ATA-135; 1983; 17 p

Abstract:
Methods are given to store the surplus of grass produced during the rainy season for the dry season period.

Availability :
International Agrarian Centre (IAC), Lawickse Allee 11, 6701 AN Wageningen, the Netherlands




NO. 80027

Grassland experiments at the BCPP-Batu farm, some preliminary data and conclusions


Muijs, DJ
BCPP/Regional Dairy Training Centre

BCPP/Regional Dairy Training Centre, Technical Cooperation Project, Indonesia/The Netherlands. ATA-135; 1983; 11p

Abstract:
The different species are compared as to yield, nutritive value, planting, fertilizing and weed control.

Availability :
International Agrarian Centre (IAC), Lawickse Allee 11, 6701 AN Wageningen, the Netherlands




NO. 100816

Productivity of four species of grass on former sand quarry land
Produktivitas empat jenis rumput pada lahan bekas galian pasir

Mumpuni; Sudaryanti; Muryanto, I
Research and Development Institute for Zoology; Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Hayati, Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI [Proceedings of a Seminar on Research Findings and Development of Biological Resources, Centre for Research and Development in Biology - LIPI], Bogor, 4 April 1994; Farida, WR et al. (eds); Bogor, Proyek Litbang SDH, Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI, 1994; p 6-11

Abstract:
Productivity of four grass species grown on former sand quarry land has been observed in Pagelaran, Ciomas, Bogor. The experiment was laid out following a Randomized Block Design with one treatment and three replicat. Each block measuring at 100 m² consisted of 4 plots of 25 m² each. The species used were Pennisetum purpureum var. Mottdwarf, Pennisetum purpureum x Pennisetum glaucum (synonym: Pennisetum typhoides), Brachiaria humidicola and Setaria sphacelata (synonym: Setaria splendida). Brachiaria humidicola gave the highest yield in the first harvest followed by Pennisetum purpureum x Pennisetum glaucum, Setaria sphacelata and Pennisetum purpureum. Pennisetum purpureum x Pennisetum glaucum gave the highest production in the second harvest followed by Setaria sphacelata (synonym: Setaria splendida), Pennisetum purpureum and Brachiaria humidicola.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 101266

Evaluation on the productivity of five species of grasses planted with different dosages of fertilizer and planting distances in the wet climate of upland area
Evaluasi produktivitas lima jenis rumput yang ditanam dengan dosis pupuk dan jarak tanam yang berbeda di daerah dataran tinggi beriklim basah

Aryogi; Wardhani, NK; Musofie, A
Grati Research Station for Livestock; Pasuruan, East Java, Indonesia

Jurnal Ilmiah Penelitian Ternak Grati [Scientific Journal of the Grati Livestock Research] 4 (1): 25-35 (1995)

Abstract:
A study was conducted to evaluate the productivity of five species of grasses, namely: elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), king grass (Pennisetum purpureophoides), Setari grass (Setaria sphacelata), benggala grass (Panicum maximum) and star grass (Cynodon plectostachyus), which were planted with different urea levels and planting distances. This study was carried out at Tutur subdistrict, Pasuruan district, in upland area with wet climate. There were two treatments of urea fertilizer (DP) i.e. DP1 = 100 kg/ha/harvesting and DP1 = 200 kg/ha/harvesting. Besides, there were two planting distance treatments (JT), i.e. JT 1 = 40 cm x 40 cm and JT 2 = 40 cm x 60 cm. The experiment was laid out following a Split-Split Plot design. Parameters observed every 40 days during 12 months were: production of dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF). Result of this study showed that the sequence of grass productivity from the highest to the lowest was king grass, elephant grass, benggala grass, star grass and setari grass (P<0.01). Production of the grasses was not significantly affected either by level of urea fertilizer or planting distance. But the sequence of harvesting significantly affected the production (P<0.05). King grass planted with JT 1 and JT 2 had the highest production among others in the second sequence of harvesting. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 103456

Effects of planting method and level of urea fertilizer on the growth and production of king grass
Pengaruh cara penanaman dan level urea terhadap penampilan pertumbuhan dan produksi rumput raja (king grass)

Eko, H; Sudibyo
Faculty of Agriculture, Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Report; Purwokerto, Faculty of Agriculture, Jenderal Soedirman University, 1994; 86p

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to find out an appropriate planting method and level of urea fertilizer to get optimum growth and production of king grass to improve animal production. The experiment was laid out factorially following a Completely Randomized Design. The treatments were four planting (C) methods and four urea fertilizer applications (P). The planting methods were: C-1=row direction planting of stem North-South with the vertical position of stem by line, C-2=row direction planting of stem North-South with the parallel position of stem by line, C-3=row direction planting of stem East-West with the vertical position of stem by line, C-4=row direction planting of stem East-West with the parallel position of stem by line. P1-4=levels of 100-400 kg urea fertilizer/hectare/defoliation. Each treatment was replicated three times in plot of 3 m x 3 m wide. Parameters observed were aspect of growth including height of plant, diameter of stem, and number of tillers, and aspect of production including fresh forage product, percentage of dry matter, and production of dry matter of forage. Location of the research was in the Experimental Farm of the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, at 100 m altitude, on sandy loam soil. The results of the five analysis (235 days) showed that various planting methods of king grass did not give any significant difference (p>0.05) on all aspects of growth and production. The levels of urea fertilizer up to 400 kg/ha/defoliation gave no significant difference in the diameter of stem and percentage of dry matter (P>0.05), but showed significant difference (P<0.01) in the height of plant is (Y=171,675 + 0.0443 X), the number of stems (Y=37.63 + 0.02 X), the fresh product (Y=41.75 + 0.053 X). Effect of levels of urea fertilizer is very significant on the various aspects of growth and production of king grass. The result showed that 370 kg urea/ha/defoliation is the expected efficient level for the development of king grass to achieve good growth and production.

Availability :
Library of Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 103488

Production aspects of king grass (Pennisetum purpuroides) at various plant densities
Aspek-aspek produksi rumput raja (Pennisetum purpuroides) pada berbagai kepadatan tanaman

Hendarto, E; Suwarso
Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Report; Purwokerto, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University, 1993; 64p

Abstract:
An experimental research on king grass was cunducted with 12 levels of plant density following a Randomized Block Design. Each treatment was replicated three times in a plot of 5.5 m x 3 m. Density of plant was determined from number of plants in a row and column. The observed parameters were fresh product, percentage of dry matter and dry matter product. Location of the research was in the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, at 100 m altitude. The results of the experiment showed that plant row was not significant (P>0.05) on percentage of dry matter of king grass, but it was significant (P<0.05) on fresh product with very significant influence on linear relationship (P<0.01) Y=81.9-0.23X and very significant (P<0.01) on product of dry matter with very significant linear relationship (P<0.01) Y=7.91-0.024X. Plant column did not have significant effect (P>0.05) on all parameters. Interaction between row and column was not significant too. Data collected and results of the analysis showed that plant density of 16,700 clumps per hectare gave the highest production and it was recommended to be applied. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Library of Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 103489

Growth aspects at first defoliation of five species of grass on four levels of shading
Aspek-aspek pertumbuhan defoliasi pertama lima jenis rumput pakan pada empat tingkat naungan

Hendarto, E; Gantika, N; Suwarno
Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Report; Purwokerto, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University, 1993; 64p

Abstract:
A factorial experiment was conducted following a Split Plot Design, based on a Randomized Completely Block Design. The main plots were four levels of shading, namely 0, 25, 50 and 75 % shading. The sub-plots were five species of grass, namely king grass, mexico grass, green panic grass, setaria grass and nevalensis grass. Each treatment replicated allocated in the experimental plot of 2 m x 2 m. The research aimed to know the capacity of the forages at first defoliation as affected by certain shading levels. The aspects of growth observed include height of plant, number of tillers, number of leaves, length of leaves, and width of leaves. The analysis of variance showed that in general the shading treatment did not give any effect on the height of plant, length and width of leaves at first defoliation, however, viewed from the number of tillers and leaves produced, the shading treatment caused the decrease of both. The results of observation and analysis showed that king grass, green panic grass and setaria grass indicated better growth performance comparated to those of nevalensis grass and mexico grass up to 75 % shading levels. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Library of Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 103490

Forage potential in Sumbawa regency
Potensi hijauan pakan di Kabupaten Sumbawa

Winarto, H; Hendarto, E
Faculty of Animal husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Report; Purwokerto, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University, 1993; 63p

Abstract:
A research on forage potential in Sumbawa regency using survey method was conducted in June 1993. The focus of this research was the potential of forage crops cultivated in the forestry area, rice field, dryland, and so on, which include grasses, legumes, and agricultural byproducts. The primary data were obtained from data and maps of land use and livestock population that were available in the sampled subdistrict areas. The secondary data were obtained from field observation and interviews. Data were collected from the sampled subdistricts using Neasted Method and grid maps of Moyohilir and Lape-Lopok subdistricts. The result of this research showed that in general there were less forages available, enough only for 8 % of the livestock population in Sumbawa. In the rainy season there was excessive production of forages that can be consumed by almost twice the livestock population in the area. Effors to conserve forages and cultivate grasses on the edges of river slopes were expected to support the sustainability of forage supply. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Library of Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 103491

Effect of sunlight intensity on various levels of shading on the rigidity of five species of selected grass
Pengaruh intensitas sinar matahari pada berbagai tingkat naungan terhadap ketegaran lima jenis rumput unggul

Aminudin, Siswono; Eko Hendarto
Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Report; Purwokerto, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University, 1993; 69p

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to find grass species with optimal growth and yield under shade and that can be planted under industrial plantation as crops and forest canopy. The experiment was laid out following a Split Plot Design with Randomized Block the basic design. The main treatments were shade of 0, 25, 50 and 75 % and the sub-treatments were five grass species i.e. king grass, setaria grass, mexico grass, nevalensis grass and green panic grass. Each treatment, replicated three times, applied in a plot of 2 m x 2 m. Bamboo was used to make shades. Parameters observed were height of plant, number of tillers, yield of fresh forage, percentage of dry mater, and yield of dry matter of forage. Location of the research was in the Experimental Farm, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, at 100 m altitude, on clay loam soil. The results of the first of two defoliations showed that intensity of sunlight in various levels of shade influenced very significantly (P<0.01) the number of tillers until significant quadratic correlation (P<0.05) i.e. Y=26.25 + 0.111 X - 0.034 X quadrate, significantly (P<0.05) the height of plant until significant quadratic correlation (P<0.05) i.e. Y=125.1 + 0.149 X - 0.003 X quadrate, very significantly (P<0.01) the fresh yield until very significant linear correlation (P<0.01) i.e. Y=6.69 - 0.047 X, significantly (P<0.05) the percentage of dry matter until very significant linear correlation (P<0.01) i.e. Y=14.26 - 0.037 X, and very significantly (P<0.01) the dry matter yield until very significant (P<0.01) linear correlation i.e. Y=0.908 - 0.008 X. Grass species influenced very significantly (P<0.01) all parameters. Each species has special gen for rigidity and, characteristic of growth tolerance to environment. The interaction treatment did not influence significantly (P>0.05) all parameters. The result of the research showed that low levels of sunlight intensity caused the grasses to show poor growth and low yiel. Under low intensity of sunlight up to 75 % of shade, king grass, seratia grass and green panic grass still had potential of rigidity, good growth and yield. Up to two defoliations, king grass, setaria and green panic grasses had good prospects to be developed in the plantation forest area with light intensity 75 %. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Library of Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 20417

Forage productivity of three fodder shrubs in Malaysia


Wong, CC; Mohd Sharuddin, MA
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) Research Bulletin 14 (2): 178-188 (1986)

Abstract:
Three fodder shrubs comprising Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala and Manihot esculenta together with the control species, napier, were evaluated for forage productivity with and without nitrogen fertilization and under 4, 8 and 12-week cutting intervals. Napier was the best yielder in dry matter (15.6 t/ha/yr) followed by Manihot esculenta (6.2 t/ha/yr), Leucaena leucocephala (5.5 t/ha/yr) and Gliricidia sepium (2.1 t/ha/yr). Dry matter yields generally increased with increased cutting intervals and nitrogen fertilization. In vitro dry matter digestibilities of the dicot fodders were low but their nitrogen and mineral contents were higher than those of napier. Leucaena leucocephala was the most persistent fodder with napier the least. Hydrocyanic acid in the foliage of Manihot esculenta was high but declined with increased cutting intervals.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 105601

Growth of napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) related to the degree of maturity of stable manure and height of pruning
Pertumbuhan rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum) pada berbagai tingkat kematangan pupuk kandang dan tinggi pangkasan

Sutardiyanto, B
Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER]; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta, Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER, 1995; 72p

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted with the aim to study the effect of maturity degree of chicken manure and height of pruning on the growth and yield of napier grass. The experiment was carried out at the Educational and Research Station of INSTIPER, located at Maguwoharjo, Sleman. It was conducted from February 12 to May 12, 1995. The experiment was laid out factorially following a Completely Randomized Design (CRD), with two factors and five replications. These factors were degree of maturity of chicken manure and height of pruning. Both factors were applied in four levels. The four levels of the maturity degree of chicken manure (P) were: P1=Incubated for 2 weeks, P2= 3 weeks, P3= 4 weeks and P4= 5 weeks. The height of pruning (T) applied was in four levels, namely: T1=0 cm, T2=5 cm, T3=10 cm and T4=15 cm from soil surface. The results showed that: 1. There was no interaction between maturity degree of chicken manure and height of pruning on the growth of napier grasses. 2. The maturity degree of manure gave good influence on number of tillers, number of leaves, fresh and dry weight of leaves, fresh and dry weight of roots. Chicken manure incubated for 4 weeks gave a better result on fresh and dry weight of leaves, fresh and dry weight of roots. 3. The height of pruning gave good influence on number of tillers, number of leaves, fresh and dry weight of leaves, fresh and dry weight of roots. Pruning at 10 cm above soil surface gave a better result on number of tillers, number of leaves, fresh and dry weight of leaves, fresh and dry weight of roots. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 73197

Experiment on the intensive cultivation of king-grass as a green fodder for cattle in winter
Tham canh co Kingras lam thuc an xanh vu dong cho gia suc

Le Hoa Binh
Khoa hoc va ky thuat nong nghiep [Agricultural Science and Technology] No. 10: 467-469 (1987)

Abstract:
The king grass introduced into Vietnam in recent years is recognized to be well acclimated and gives high productivity. This grass reacts strongly to various fertilizers. It has been treated with various fertilizers such as organic manure (20-40t/ha), mineral fertilizers, and combined fertilizers in which the quantity of N, P, K used per ha is 50, 80, 80 kg, respectively.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 73441

The genus Pennisetum
Chi Pennisetum

Le Kha Ke
Cay co thuong thay o Vietnam [Popular plants in Vietnam]; Vol. 5; Hanoi, Scientific and Technical Publishing House, 1975; p 266-269

Abstract:
Three species of the genus Pennisetum are described, i.e. Pennisetum alopecuroides, Pennisetum pupureum and Pennisetum glaucum (synonym: Pennisetum typhoides) are described. All of them are used as feed plants.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 106211

Research on the effects of number of nodes and soil moisture content on the growth of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) on Tangaran andosol soil
Penelitian tentang pengaruh jumlah ruas stek dan kandungan air tanah terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum) pada tanah andosol Tangaran

Ermawi, SP
Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER]; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; INSTIPER, 1996; 80p

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to study the influence of soil moisture content and number of nodes on the growth of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum). The experiment was carried out from November 1995 to January 1996 at the Experimental and Educational Station of INSTIPER in Yogyakarta and laid out factorially following a Completely Randomized Design (CRD), with 2 factors and 5 replications. The first factor was three levels, of number of nodes, namely: one node (R1), two nodes (R2), three nodes (R3). The second factor was soil moisture content, namely: field capacity (A1), double field capacity (A2). The results of the experiment showed that: 1. There was no significant interaction between number of nodes and soil moisture content upon the growth of elephant grass. 2. Three-node elephant grass planting material showed the best growth performance. 3. Double field capacity of soil moisture content increased the growth of elephant grass. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 20025

Potential of tapioca (Manihot utilissima Pohl) as a livestock feed - A review


Mahendranathan, T
Veterinary Division; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The Malaysian Agricultural Journal 48 (1): 77-89 (1971)

Abstract:
This paper reviews some aspects of work carried out on tapioca roots and tops in Malaysia and elsewhere. Tapioca both as an export commodity and for local use as an animal feed has a great potential in Malaysia. Increased economic returns could be derived by intercropping, mechanisation, introduction of high-yielding varieties and by the better utilisation of tapioca refuse and tops as livestock feeds. The crude protein content of tapioca leaves is greater than many of the fodder grasses and legumes. The amino acid profile indicates high lysine content. The high hydrocyanic acid content has been a major deterrent to the extensive use of tapioca leaves as an animal feed. The widespread use of tapioca leaves made possible by periodic cuttings to yield more than 33,000 Ibs per acre per year, would enable the country to cut down its heavy dependence on imported ingredients for feeding livestock.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 72724

On the acclimatization on grasses at grey soil in East Nam Bo
Kha nang thich nghi cua tap doan co trong tren vung dat xam mien Dong Nam Bo

Nguyen Danh Ky
Tap chi Khoa hoc va Ky thuat nong nghiep [Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology] 8: 445-450 (1980)

Abstract:
The results of the acclimatization of grasses on grey soil in East Nam Bo showed that the most acclimated to the East Nam Bo conditions were the following varieties: Panicum maximum selection 1; Panicum maximum G22, K184; Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha); Pa 3-2; Setaria sphacelata, Panicum maximum Cr. 280; Stylosanthes gracilis, Stylosanthes humilis cv. 'Gordon', and Stylosanthes hamata.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 20459

Nitrogen responses of napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) on an ultisol formed from sandstone in Peninsular Malaysia


Tham, KC
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) Research Bulletin 8 (1): 49-60 (1980)

Abstract:
The response to increasing rates of nitrogen fertilizer (viz. 200, 400, 800, 1600 kg N/ha/yr) of napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) was measured under two harvesting frequencies (viz. four and six weekly harvest) for two periods (viz. June 73 - Oct. 74 and May 76 - April 77), on soil developed on sandstone at Serdang in Peninsular Malaysia. The main findings were: - i) Nitrogen applied ammonium nitrate increased the annual dry matter production to a maximum of 23,600 kg/ha at 4 weekly harvest and 34,300 kg/ha at 6 weekly harvests in 1973/74. The corresponding figures for 1976/77 were 19,200 and 28,000 kg/ha. These yields were obtained at an annual N rate of 1200-1350 kg/ha in 1973/74 and 1500-1550 kg/ha in 1976/77. ii) Nitrogen content of the herbage was significantly increased with increasing rates of N application under both cutting frequencies. The increase was higher at the 4 weekly cutting intervals. iii) Rainfall significantly increased D.M. production and N yield of napier grass when harvested at intervals of 6 weeks. Excessive rainfall ( > 350 mm 6 wk), however, reduced the efficiency of N fertilizer utilization. iv) Marginal N recovery decreases with increasing rates of N applied. The decline was more marked under more frequent cuttings. In 1973/74, the overall value decreased from 46% (4 weeks) and 42% (6 weeks) at the 200- 400 kg N/ha/yr rate to as low as 16% and 30%, respectively for the 800-1600 kg N/ha/yr rate. The corresponding figures for the 1976-77 harvests were 32% and 48%, 22% and 33%. v) At the end of the experiment, the net increase in soil N over the nil treatment was 54 and 433 kg N/ha for the 200 and 1600 kg N/ha/yr rate, respectively. vi) The calculated annual contribution of nitrogen from the soil decreases rapidly with time, from 253-317 kg N/ha in 1973-74 to 102-162 kg N/ha in 1976/77.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20526

Influence of lime on the availability to napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) of some applied nutrients on peat


Chew, WY; Ramli, K
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) Research Bulletin 7 (1): 38-44 (1979)

Abstract:
Lime reduced the contents of P and K but increased the contents of Ca and Mg in napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum). However, the uptake of P, K, Ca and Mg was each significantly increased by liming. This increased was mainly due to improved plant growth as a result of lowered soil acidity when lime was applied. The recovery of fertilizer P and K was also increased by addition of lime.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20479

The nutritive value of Leucaena leucocephala cv.Peru in balance and growth studies with goats and sheep


Devendra, C
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) Research Bulletin 10 (2): 138-150 (1982)

Abstract:
The results are presented on the feeding value of Leucaena leucocephala cv. Peru based on two balance studies with goats and sheep, in addition to a growth study over 71 days with kids. The chemical composition of leucaena was similar to results published in India and Australia. Goats had an average daily DMI of 51.0 to 60.9 gW0,75 kg and sheep 39.4 to 53.7 g/W0- 7'kg. The digestibility of dry matter was 53.9 to 56.4%, organic matter 54.1 to 57.0%, crude protein 44.8 to 45.0% and crude fibre 38.5 to 64.8% for goats. The corresponding values for sheep were 50.0 to 50.5%, 51.1%, 40.5 to 46.3% and 31.2 to 60.2%, respectively; excepting for the digestibility of crude protein, only in trial 1 were between species significant (P<.G5). Nitrogen retention data gave values of 22.8 to 36.3% as percentage of intake for goats and 8.7 to 18.4% for sheep; the differences were significant (F1<0.05). The nutritive value was DCP 9.3 to 11.0 and 9.1 to 10. 1 %, TDN 46.9 to 67.8 and 46.7 to 54.2%, DE 8.66 to 12.62 and 8.62 to 10.00 MJ/Kg and ME 7.10 to 10.35 and 7.07 to 8.20 MJ/Kg for goats and sheep, respectively. 25, 50 and 75% leucaena in napier grass-legume diets significantly stimulated (P<0.05) 24.4, 32.9 and 55.8 g/day increased live weight gain; the highest dietary leucaena level gave maximum gain. Feed efficiency was correlated with increased live weight gain (r = -0.481, P<0.01). It is suggested that up to 50% dietary leucaena level is suitable for goats. The wider use of the forage for feeding ruminants in Malaysia is discussed.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20510

Crop yields and nutrient availability in relationship to different lime amendments on Malaysian peat soil I. Napier grass and sorghum


Chew, WY; Joseph, KT
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) Research Bulletin 3 (1): 53-57 (1974)

Abstract:
An investigation, in bags, to compare the relative effects of dolomite, limestone and hydrated lime on the growth and availability of nutrients to napier grass and sorghum grown on peat soil was conducted in 1973. Comparison of the control with lime treatments showed that dry matter and plant uptake of N, P, K, Ca and Mg were greatly improved by liming as a result of reduced soil acidity. The contents of N, P and K, however, was reduced by liming due to a dilution effect; the Ca content was increased by all three types of lime but improvement in the level of Mg was only observed in the case of dolomite. Comparison of the three types of lime showed no difference in their effects on the contents or uptake of N, P and K. The Ca content and uptake, however, improved with increasing Ca content of the three lime amendments; the content and uptake of Mg was greater for dolomite than for the other two lime types.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 93065

Evaluation of forage quality in the laboratory: I. Comparison of in vitro rumen fermentation techniques


Lopez, RR; Lopez, PL; Gallevo, OY
Philippine Journal Veterinary and Animal Sciences 1 (1): 1-16 (1975)

Abstract:
In vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) of napier grass at three growth periods (30, 60 and 120 days) was determined using rumen liquors (inoculum) from four sources (cattle, carabao, sheep, and goat) and three methods of determination. An interaction was found between source of rumen liquor and method used. Similarly an interaction was obtained between growth period and method. Each technique has its variation with the in vivo over the other two techniques. However, based on simplicity and cost of chemicals and labour, Method 1 has the advantage over the other two methods. Method 1 shows a high degree of accuracy and repeatability. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Main Library, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 23733

Effect of concentrate supplementation on voluntary forage intake and growth response of young dairy jersey cattle


Abu Bakar, C; Wan Hassan, WE; Mohd Shukri, HI
Livestock Research Division, MARDI, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) Research Bulletin 12 (1): 55-60 (1984)

Abstract:
Forty purebred Jersey weaners (initial age and weight of 130 days and 57 kg, respectively) were used to study the effect of different levels of concentrate supplement on voluntary fodder intake and live weight gain. Supplement with concentrate depressed the intake of fodder but total feed dry matter consumption was relatively equal. Highest weight gains were recorded on animals receiving 50% of DMI in the form of concentrate. Average daily gain of this group was twice that receiving concentrate supplement at 17% of DMI. The slow growth rate of the latter group reflects the poor quality of the forage. Supplementation at the rate of 33% or more of total DMI proved essential for a satisfactory growth of these animals.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 72721

The nutrient value of Pennisetum purpureum for pigs
Gia tri dinh duong cua co voi (Pennisetum purpureum) doi voi lon

Vu Duy Giang
Tap chi Khoa hoc va Ky thuat nong nghiep [Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology] 4: 227-231 (1980)

Abstract:
A study was conducted on the nutrient value of Pennisetum purpureum with the aim to determine the best time of harvesting. The following conclusions were made: Pennisetum purpureum has a high yield (200-250 t/ha or 32,000-40,000 food unit/ha), pig likes it harvesting can be done 28-30 days after planting from cutting. The plant contains among other 2.39 % protein and 4.07 % fibre. It is good feeding pigs.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 93071

Evaluation of forage quality in the laboratory: II. Comparison between in vitro and in vivo dry matter digestibility of thirty-eight indigenous and introduced species of forages


Lopez, RR; Lopez, PL; Chavez, MA; Gallevo, YO
Philippine Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 2 (3): 121-128 (1976)

Abstract:
A total of thirty-eight (38) samples classified under grass, legume and other crops obtained from NSDB Project 2.89 were analyzed for in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) for comparison with their in vitro digestibility values. A fistulated adult grade Holsstein-Red Sindhi cow fed with 60-days old napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) was the source of the rumen liquor. The IVDMD of grasses ranged from 33.63 to 645.55% with the corresponding in vitro digestibility ranging from 44.62 to 65.19%. For the same species, the difference between in vitro and in vivo values varies from a low of 0.03% to a high of 12.99%; but with the exception of Echinochloa stagnina the difference was from less than 1 to about 8%. The in vivo values were generally higher than the vitro values as indicated in this study. The range and difference between in vitro and in vivo values of the legumes were in the same magnitude as in the grasses. The correlation coefficients for the difference classifications treated separately or combined regardless of classification was very close (0.85 to 0.90). Based on the values of the regression separately, this suggests from the samples used that at a given in vitro digestibility the in vivo digestibility value obtained will vary slightly with the use of the equation Y= 20.59+0.669X. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Main Library, University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 95558

Performance of forage crop species in Ilocos Norte


Sair, RR; Battad, Zn; Pastor, DA
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights '95; Lantican, CM; Cabangbang, MVDF (eds); Los Baños, Laguna, PCARRD, 1996; p 102-103

Abstract:
A study was conducted to determine the herbage yield, nutritive value, and agronomic characteristics of promising forage species for cut-and-carry systems under Ilocos Norte conditions. Results showed that Pennisetum, Setaria, and Panicum grass species survive during dry months in Ilocos without irrigation, but fail to tolerate a 45-day cutting interval in the dry season. Among species, Pennisetum attains the highest DM yield in both dry and wet seasons. Cultivars UPCA and Benguet have compared DM yields, but the latter is susceptible to grasshopper. Another advantage of the UPCA cultivar is its highest crude protein content. Setaria has the highest crude protein, but has lowest crude fiber content among the grasses. The leucaena accessions produce comparable DM yield and have higher yields in wet than in dry season. All Desmanthus accessions tolerate the 45-day cutting interval during the dry season. Accession 392803 produces the highest DM yield in both dry and wet seasons and ranks second in seed production.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 14548

Potential production of four tropical pasture grass species given nitrogen fertilizer after defoliations
Kan charoen toepto kan hai phonphalit kan funtua lang kan tat lae khunkha thang ahan khong ya liang sat khetron si chanit mua chai pui nitrogen

Trongkongsin, K; Limboonluekate, S
Department of Agriculture Technology, King's Mongkut Institute of Technology; Bangkok, Thailand

Warasan wichakan kaset [Agricultural Research Journal] 9 (3): 173-185 (1991)

Abstract:
Nitrogen fertilizer as urea 46-0-0 at the rate of 78.2kg/ha was applied to a newly established sward of Panicum maximum, Panicum maximum cv. Hamil, Pennisetum purpureum and Brachiaria ruziziensis grown in Bangkok clay soil. The result showed that after defoliations (4 weeks) Panicum maximum cv. Hamil had the highest dry matter than the other tropical pasture grass species. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 2498

Evaluation of cassava leaf as a protein supplement to napier grass for goat diet
Evaluasi daun singkong sebagai tambahan protein pada rumput gajah untuk makanan kambing

Rangkuti, M; Mathias, IW; Pulungan, H; Eys, JE van
Research Institute for Animal Production; Bogor; Indonesia

Ilmu dan Peternakan [Science and Animal Husbandry] 1(10): 403-408 (1985)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 9697

Some models of agroforestry
Beberapa model agroforestry

Winarto, B
Buletin Informasi Pertanian Banjarbaru [Banjarbaru Agricultural Information Bulletin] (1): 1-2(1982/1983)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 32614

Grasses for silage for dairy cattle


Villegas, V
Araneta Journal of Agriculture 8(4): 209-213(1961)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 50115

Research on nutrition and feed resources to enhance livestock production in Malaysia


Zainuddin, AT; Wan Zahari, M
Livestock Research Division; Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; G.P.O.Box 12301; 50774 Kuala Lumpur

Tropical Agriculture Research Series No.25; Tsukuba; Ibaraki; Japan; Tropical Agriculture Research Center; 1992; p9-25

Availability :
Central Research Institute for Food Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 50116

Ruminant production and feed utilization in Indonesia


Haryanto, B
Research Institute for Animal Production; Bogor; Indonesia

Tropical Agriculture Research Series No.25; Tsukuba; Ibaraki; Japan; Tropical Agriculture Research Center; 1992; p26-34

Availability :
Central Research Institute for Food Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61266

Nicaraguan cocoa shade as fodder
Tanaman gamal sebagai makanan ternak

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Sumatera Utara [North Sumatra Agricultural Information Bulletin] (17): (1988-1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 68017

Sheep growth and the carcass composition of fat tailed sheeps fed with supplementary feed of different levels of protein
Pertumbuhan dan komposisi karkas domba ekor gemuk yang diberi pakan tambahan dengan kandungan protein yang berbeda

Budiarsana, I.G.M.; Sutama, I.K.; Mathius, I.W.
Balai Penelitian Ternak Ciawi; P.O.Box 123 Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Agro-industri peternakan di pedesaan; Ciawi-Bogor; Indonesia; 10-11 Agustus 1992; Sabrani, MM.(ed); Kompiang, IP(ed); Iskandar, S(ed); Kusnadi, U(ed); Syahgiar, S(ed); Bogor; Balai Penelitian Ternak - Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan; 1992; p.501-506

Availability :
Handini, Sri (Ir); Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Zoologi, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Biologi-LIPI; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68019

Utilization of cassava leaf biomass as feed for fatting sheeps
Pemakaian biomass singkong sebagai bahan pakan domba penggemukan

Sudaryanto, B.
Balai Penelitian Ternak Ciawi; P.O.Box 123 Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Agro-industri peternakan di pedesaan; Ciawi-Bogor; Indonesia; 10-11 Agustus 1992; Sabrani, MM.(ed); Kompiang, IP(ed); Iskandar, S(ed); Kusnadi, U(ed); Syahgiar, S(ed); Bogor; Balai Penelitian Ternak - Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan; 1992; p.513-518

Availability :
Handini, Sri (Ir); Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Zoologi, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Biologi-LIPI; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68623

Potentials and prospects of forage in Barru district
Potensi pakan ternak di Kabupaten Barru dan kemungkinan pengembangan

Idris, Thamrin; Borahima, Aisyah
Fakulty of Animal Husbandry; Hasanuddin University; Ujung Pandang; Indonesia

Prosiding Pertemuan Pengolahan dan Komunikasi Hasil Penelitian Peternakan di Sulawesi Selatan [Proceedings of a Seminar on Processing and Communicating of the Research Results of Animal Husbandry in South Sulawesi]; Ujung Pandang, 4 March 1992; Prabowo, A(ed); Bulo, D(ed); Tikupadang, A(ed); Bahar, S(ed); Winugroho, M(ed); Salam, R(ed); 1992; p85-93

Availability :
Research Institute for Livestock




NO. 68626

Effects of several combinations of 'putak' (Corypha utan Lamk) and king grass (Pennisetum purpureoides) on the body weight growth of young Bali bull reared in paddocks
Pemberian beberapa kombinasi putak dan rumput raja (Pennisetum purpurephoides) terhadap pertambahan berat badan sapi Bali jantan muda yang dikandangkan

Nggobe, M.; Bamualim, A.
Lili Research Station for Livestock; Kupang; East Nusa Tenggara; Indonesia

Prosiding Pertemuan Pengolahan dan Komunikasi Hasil Penelitian Peternakan di Sulawesi Selatan; Ujung Pandang, 4 Maret 1992; Prabowo, A(ed); Bulo, D(ed); Tikupadang, A(ed); Bahar, S(ed); Winugroho, M(ed); Salam, R(ed); Sub Balai Penelitian Ternak Gowa; 1992; p105-108

Availability :
Research Institute for Livestock




NO. 101034

Effort in fattening Bali cattle during dry seasons in Kupang district, East Nusa Tenggara
Usaha Penggemukan sapi Bali saat musim kemarau di Kabupaten Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur

Bustami; Nggobe, M.; Bamualim, A.
Sub Balai Penelitian Ternak Lili [Lili Research Station for Livestock]; Kupang; East Nusa Tenggara; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi Peternakan, Pengolahan dan Komunikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian, Ciawi Bogor 25-26 Januari 1994; Bakrie, B(ed); Haryanto, B(ed); Wina, E(ed); Kompiang, I.P.(ed); Dwiyanto, K(ed); Bogor; Balai Penelitian Ternak; 1994; Vol.1; p77-81

Availability :
Bogor Research Centre for Livestock; Indonesia




NO. 101042

Evaluation of milk fat content and milk production of the FH rural dairy cows breed in Pangalengan
Evaluasi kadar lemak susu dan produksi susu sapi perah FH pada peternakan rakyat di Pangalengan

Sugiarti, T.; Hidayati, N.
Research Institute for Livestock; Ciawi; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi Peternakan, Pengolahan dan Komunikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Science and Technology of Animal Husbandry, Processing and Communication of Research Results], Ciawi Bogor 25-26 Januari 1994; Bakrie, B(ed); Haryanto, B (ed); Wina, E(ed); Kompiang, I.P.(ed); Dwiyanto, K(ed); Bogor; Balai Penelitian Ternak; 1994; Vol.1; p. 133-140

Availability :
Research Centre for Livestock; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101065

Feeding pattern for growing "pe" goats in Sleman rural areas (Yogyakarta)
Pola pemberian pakan untuk pembesaran kambing "pe" di daerah pedesaan Sleman (Yogyakarta)

Suparyanto, A.; Silitonga, Sorta A.; Haryanto, B.; Kuswandi; Martawidjaja, M.
Research Institute for Livestock; Ciawi; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi Peternakan, Pengolahan dan Komunikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Science and Technology of Animal Husbandry, Processing and Communication of Research Results], Ciawi Bogor 25-26 Januari 1994; Bakrie, B(ed); Haryanto, B (ed); Wina, E(ed); Kompiang, I.P.(ed); Dwiyanto, K(ed); Bogor; Balai Penelitian Ternak; 1994; Vol.1; p. 521-528

Availability :
Research Centre for Livestock; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 50123

Food + forage intercropping under upland condition


Topark-Ngarm, A; Armada, EC; Tengco, PL; Carangal, VR
Rice Farming Systems Program; IRRI; P.O.Box 933; Manila; Philippines

Proceedings of the Crop-Animal Systems Research Workshop, Serdang, Malaysia, August 15-19, 1988; Serdang; MARDI/IDRC/Asian Rice Farming Systems Network; 1988; p453-471

Availability :
Central Research Institute for Food Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3281

Intensification of forest land management to increase production and vocation
Intensifikasi pengelolaan lahan hutan untuk peningkatan produksi dan lapangan kerja

Siswodarsono, S; Nisbunsaputra, N; Wasdju, M
Prosiding Seminar Intensifikasi Pengelolaan Kehutanan menuju Peningkatan Produktivitas dan Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja [Proceedings of the Seminar on Intensification of Forest Management towards the Improvement of Productivity and Manpower Utilization]; Coto, Z et al (eds); 1987; p25-39

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 10026

Nutritive value and acid contents of silages made from tropical forages at Chiang Mai,Thailand


Holm, J
Thai-German Dairy Project; Chiang Mai; Thailand

Thai Journal of Agricultural Sciences 7 (1): 11-22 (1974)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 80001

The agroforestry trials in the Konto river project: experiences and issues


Nibbering, W
Project Communication No. 1, Kali Konto Project; 1987; 135p

Abstract:
The report discusses agroforestry trial in the highlands of East Java. These experiments are a forest-grassland trial (Agathis and elephant grass), a strip rotation trial, a goat schere, no tillage and minimum tillage trials and fuelwood trials.

Availability :
International Agrarian Centre (IAC); Lawickse Allee 11, 6701 AN Wageningen; the Netherlands




NO. 63502

Effect of lamtoro (Leucaena) leaves supplementation in basal ration of of elephant grass and rice bran on increase of sheep body weight
Pengaruh suplementasi daun lamtoro pada ransum basal rumput gajah dan bekatul terhadap pertambahan bobot badan domba

Ifar, S.; Hartatik, S.; Nanik, S.; Van Bruchen, J.
Animal Nutrition Research Bulletin 7 (1): 7-12 (1987)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66147

Gamal (Gliricidia maculata) leaves as animal feed
Daun gamal sebagai makanan ternak

Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service 14: ?p (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 68008

Effect of defoliation on the yield of unhulled rice and the forage of three of upland rice cultivars
Pengaruh defoliasi terhadap hasil gabah dan hijauan pakan pada tiga varitas padi gogo

Siregar, M.E
Ciawi Research Institute for Animal Science; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Agro-industri peternakan di pedesaan [Proceedings of the Animal Husbandry Agro-industry in the Villages]; Ciawi-Bogor; 10-11 August 1992; Sabrani, MM. (ed.); Kompiang, IP (ed.); Iskandar, S (ed.); Kusnadi, U (ed.); Syahgiar, S (ed.); 1992; p133-139

Availability :
Handini, Sri; Research and Development Institute for Zoology; Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68013

Utilization of rice straws through the manipulation of rumen microbes of sheep and buffaloes
Pemanfaatan jerami padi melaui manipulasi mikroba rumen domba dan kerbau

Winugroho, M; Tanner, J.C; Punarbowo, P
Research Institute for Livestock; Ciawi; P.O.Box 123 Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Agro-industri peternakan di pedesaan [Proceedings of the Animal Husbandry Agro-industry in the Villages]; Ciawi-Bogor; 10-11 August 1992; Sabrani, MM. (ed.); Kompiang, IP (ed.); Iskandar, S (ed.); Kusnadi, U (ed.); Syahgiar, S (ed.); 1992; p237-243

Availability :
Handini, Sri; Research and Development Institute for Zoology; Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68989

Eight years of agricultural research on swamp areas: its contribution and development prospect within 1985-1993
Sewindu penelitian pertanian dilahan rawa, kontribusi dan prospek pengembangan 1985-1993

Ismail, Inu G; Alihamsyah, Trip; Adhi, IPG Widjaja; Suwarno; Herawati, Tati; Thahir, Ridwan; Sianturi, D.E
Research Project on Tidal and Swamps II Areas

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian (AARD); Syam, M (ed); Soetjipto Ph (ed); Harahap, Z (ed); Bogor; 1993; 128p

Availability :
Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (AARD); Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69048

Intensive farming scheme of sheep in Bah Bolon irrigated area
Pola pemeliharaan ternak domba intensif di wilayah irigasi Bah Bolon

Ginting, Abdul Jalin
Animal Husbandry Office of Asahan District; West Sumatra; Indonesia

Potensi, Peluang dan Dampak Perbaikan Teknologi Pertanian di Wilayah Irigasi Bah Bolon [Potency. Chance and Impact of Agricultural Technology Improvement in Irrigated Areas of Bah Bolon]; Prasadja, I (ed); Malian, A.H (ed); Field, S (ed); Medan; 1993; p135-139

Availability :
Central Research Institute for Food Crops (CRIFC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106407

Effects of zeolit, OST, lime and TSP treatments on the growth of king grass and the effects of their residues on the growth of corn and the changes of chemical characters of waste water in the peat of Pulau Burung, Riau
Pengaruh perlakuan zeolit, OST, kapur dan TSP terhadap pertumbuhan rumput raja serta efek residunya terhadap pertumbuhan jagung dan perubahan sifat- sifat kimia air cucian pada gambut Pulau Burung Riau

Suryono,T.
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 95p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 101062

Fattening ration for sheeps using local materials
Ransum penggemukan domba dengan bahan lokal

Tangndjaja, B.; Wina, E.; Budiarsana, IGM.
Research Institute for Livestock; Ciawi; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi Peternakan, Pengolahan dan Komunikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Science and Technology of Animal Husbandry, Processing and Communication of Research Results], Ciawi Bogor 25-26 Januari 1994; Bakrie,B(ed); Haryanto,B (ed); Wina,E(ed); Kompiang,I.P.(ed); Dwiyanto,K(ed); Bogor; Balai Penelitian Ternak; 1994; Vol.1; p.429-435

Availability :
Research Centre for Livestock; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101074

Feed potential in the drylands of red-yellow podsolic soils in the resettlement areas
Potensi pakan di lahan kering podsolik merah kuning daerah transmigrasi

Anwarhan, H.; Supriadi, H.
Central Research Institute for Food Crops (CRIFC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi Peternakan, Pengolahan dan Komunikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Science and Technology of Animal Husbandry, Processing and Communication of Research Results], Ciawi Bogor 25-26 Januari 1994; Bakrie,B(ed); Haryanto,B (ed); Wina,E(ed); Kompiang,I.P.(ed); Dwiyanto,K(ed); Bogor; Balai Penelitian Ternak; 1994; Vol.1; p. 763-770

Availability :
Research Centre for Livestock; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2965

Improving forest land use through agroforestry
Peningkatan pemanfaatan lahan hutan dengan usaha agroforestry

Alrasjid, H
Forest Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings Seminar Agroforestry dan Pengendalian Perladangan [Proceedings of the Seminar on Agroforestry and the Control of Dryland Farming]; Satjapradja, O et al (eds.); Jakarta; 1981; p245-255

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library




NO. 106268

'HMT' planting as a slope belt in the marginal soils of farmers/breeders in West Java
Tanaman HMT sebagai sabuk lereng pada tanah marginal petani/peternak di daerah Jawa Barat

Sajimin; Siregar,M.E.; Mulyana,A.
Ciawi Research Institute for Animal Science; P.O. Box 17; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains & Teknologi Peternakan, Pengolahan & Komunikasi Hasil Penelitian [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Science and Technology of Animal Husbandry, Processing and Communication of Research Result], Ciawi-Bogor 25-26 Januari 1995; 1: 282-286 (1995)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 38137

Seed production of tropical forage legumes II. Phaseolus atropurpureus DC cv. Siratro


Javier, EQ; Sasis, GT; Mendoza, RC
The Philippine Journal of Crop Science 1 (2): 78-80 (1976)

Abstract:
For seed production purposes, siratro (Macroptilium atropurpureum, synonym: Phaseolus atropurpureus) may be seeded at 3 kg/ha perhaps even less in rows 80-100 cm apart. Estimated seed yield of 700-800 kg/ha can be obtained by handpicking and about 200-250 kg/ha by machine harvest. Because of the substantial sacrifice in yield as a consequence of machine harvesting, handpicking is preferred under local conditions. Siratro is easy to handpick since its pods are born above the canopy. At P10 per k which is 1/6 the imported price, seed production of siratro can be a profitable proposition. The recommended pasture seeding rate of 3-5 kg makes this price reasonable.

Availability :
Crops Science Society of the Philippines Secretariat; Institute of Plant Breeding, University of Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 23689

Annual dry matter yield and nutritive value of improved grasses for dairy production in Malaysia


WAN HASSAN, WE
Livestock Research Division; MARDI; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia

MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) Research Bulletin 5(2): 115-128 (1987)

Abstract:
An evaluation study on dry matter yield and nutritive value at two, four, six, and eight week cutting intervals within three years was carried out. Five species of locally grown improved grasses namely Brachiaria decumbens, Digitaria setivalva, USDA 299892, Panicum maximum cv. Coloniao, Pennisetum purpureum and Setaria sphecalata var. splendida were used. The grasses were fertilized with 300 kgN, 50 kgP and 100 kgK/ha. yr in split applications after each cutting. The results showed that 17-26 t DM/ha. yr of medium quality forage (7-9 MJ metabolisable energy/kg DM) could be obtained from these grasses. Dry matter yield of all grasses in the second and third year was approximately half that of the first year's. These was no significant difference in DM yield between the grasses in the first year of production but in the second and third year, Digitaria produced the lowest DM yield and all grasses cut at two and four-week intervals required replanting after one to two years. The chemical contents were significantly different between the grasses. Dry matter yield and CF content increased significantly with increase in Cl while CP, ash and EE contents decreased markedly with increased in Cl (P<0.01). Similarly in vitro DMD declined significantly with increased in Cl (P<0.01). The results of this experiment also showed that quality, DM yield and persistency to defoliation of these grasses are interrelated. Long Cl increased yield and persistency but decreased quality while short Cl increased quality but decreased yield and persistency. Although this study showed that the best Cl with respect to quality, DM yield and persistency was between six to eight-week Cl further work with lactating cows to determine milk production potential for each species and the management system applicable for Malaysian dairy smallholders is suggested.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 38904

The influence of Hawaiian ipil-ipil [Leucaena leucocephala (Lam) de Wit) on the herbage yield of napiergrass in Ilocos Norte


Taguicana, NC
Ilocos Agricultural Research Center (ILARC)

Agriculture Research Compendium (1971-1983);ILARC;MMSU;Batac;Ilocos Norte; 1979;p170

Abstract:
The height of napier grass increased as the amount of fertilizer increased. Plants that received the greatest amount of fertilizer produced dark green leaves and more tillers, had faster rate of growth while those receiving less amount of fertilizer had stunted growth. Commercial fertilization significantly increased the herbage yield of napier ipil-ipil mixture.

Availability :
Ilocos Agricultural Research Center, Mariano Marcos State University




NO. 38907

Response of napiergrass to various rates of urea fertilization and distance of planting


Azcueta, FS
Ilocos Agricultural Research Center (ILARC)

Agriculture Research Compendium (1971-1983);ILARC;MMSU;Batac;Ilocos Norte; 1980;p231

Abstract:
Results showed that application of higher levels of urea fertilizer increased plant height, number of tillers and herbage yield of napiergrass. Distance of planting did not have any significant effect on the growth and herbage yield of the grass.

Availability :
Ilocos Agricultural Research Center, Mariano Marcos State University




NO. 38908

The herbage yield and nutritive value of napiergrass under Ilocos Norte conditions


Domingo, LC
Ilocos Agricultural Research Center (ILARC)

Agriculture Research Compendium (1971-1983);ILARC;MMSU;Batac;Ilocos Norte; 1978;p93

Abstract:
The study was conducted to determine the herbage yield of napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum) at two stages of growth. Napiergrass were fertilized and unfertilized. Fertilized napiergrass was applied with Urea (46-0-0). Based on proximate chemical analysis, fertilized napiergrass at 45 days of growth contained crude protein, 9.02 percent; crude fiber, 29.14 percent; ether extract, 2.61 percent; ash, 8.94 percent; and water, 9.65 percent; crub fiber, 34.58 percent; and extract, 2.94 percent; ash, 8.67 percent; and water, 8.71 percent. Unfertilized grasses at both stages of growth contained lower percentage of crude protein, ether extract ash, and water but higher crude fiber than the fertilized grasses. Likewise, at 45 days of growth, fertilized and unfertilized grasses had higher crude protein, ash, and water but lower ether extract and crude fiber content at 60 days.

Availability :
Ilocos Agricultural Research Center, Mariano Marcos State University




NO. 38910

The effect of three organic fertilizer sources on the growth and herbage yield of napier grass


Villanueva, J
Ilocos Agricultural Research Center (ILARC)

Agriculture Research Compendium (1971-1983);ILARC;MMSU;Batac;Ilocos Norte; 1978;p97

Abstract:
The treatments considered were 60 kg N/ha 60 kg M; One ton hog manure/ ha, 60 kg N + one ton chicken manure/ha. and 60 kg N + one ton cattle manure/ ha. Results revealed that the addition of 60 kg N + one ton swine manure, chicken dung or cattle manure, each per hectare, did not significantly influence the growth of napiergrass. However, napiergrass fertilizeed with manure produced significantly more tiller than napiergrass fertilized with commercial fertilizer + swine manure. The fresh herbage yield of napiergrass fertilized with 60 kg N + chicken dung or cattle manure was 13.38 tons and 14.42 tons per hectare, respectively which were higher than those fertilized with commercial fertilizer alone or commercial fertilizer + swine manure with fresh herbage yield of 10.85 and 11.25 tons/ha, respectively.

Availability :
Ilocos Agricultural Research Center, Mariano Marcos State University




NO. 94801

Adaptability performance of napier grass under lahar affected areas


Angat, R
Compilation of Abstracts 1993-1999;Vol. 1(1999);Department of Agriculture Central Luzon Integrated Agricultural Research Center (CLIARC) Sto. Ni¤o, Magalang, Pampanga

Abstract:
The adaptability performance of napier grass under lahar affected areas of Guagua and Mabalacat, Pampanga was studied from Oct.18, 1996 to 1997. Two treatments were planted in two planting methods i.e. traditional and applied (slanting and underground) spaced at 60x30cm. Basal application of organic fertilizer was applied on the last harrowing at the rate of 10 bags per hectare. Inorganic fertilizer was not applied on the scheduled date due to the following reasons: the site at Guagua was under water while the site at Mabalacat suffered drought. Results showed that 26.5% survival rate was obtained at Guagua and 51.8% at Mabalacat (90 DAP). The plants at Guagua obtained lower survival rate because those were damaged by water logging during the early growth stage.

Availability :
One-Stop-Information-Shop, Highland Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium




NO. 94410

Integration of forages for cattle production into small-scale farms


Mantiquilla, J; Stur, W; Gabunada, F; Burac, R; Laguardia, R; Albacite, C; Magat, S; Margate, R
Philippine Journal of Crop Science 25(sup.1): 22(2000)

Abstract:
A screening work of various forages enabled the identification of adaptable species for different feeding system under 30-year old coconuts. For grazing species, Brachiaria decumbens cv Basilisk(signal grass)yielded as high as 50 t/ha of dry matter when applied with fertilizers, while the local napier (Pennisetum purpureum) a cut and carry grass produced 26t/ha of fresh biomass and even doubled when fertilized under each cut every 45 days. On multiple purpose species for cut-and-carry stem, the Calliandra calothyrsus (ex) Indonesia was potential legume feed resource which could provide 15 t/ha of dry matter. Of the twenty farmer-cooperators for each site, only four from Riverside, Calinan District, and one for Malagos Baguio District had successfully adopted the forage species in their respective areas. Among the popular species mentioned by the respondents include Arachis pintoi CIAT 22160,Centrosema pubescens CIAT 15160 Pennisetum purpureum(Dwarf Napier) and Panicum maximum T58. They felt that the species gave more feeds and increased animal production aside from the native vegetation in the area. Indeed yield alone is not the key factor for species selection, but farmers do have other criteria in developing technologies. By providing them wide array of options farmers develop technologies through participation.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippines Country Office




NO. 94296

Adaptation trial on the performance of three improved pasture grasses, and centrosema and their combination under Sorsogon ROS condition


Marquez, SN; Lu, TE; Escurel, EE
DA Research Highlights : 60(1995-1996)

Abstract:
Three grass species and one legume and their combination were evaluated at Sorsogon ROS & Sorsogon to determine herbage yield; to evaluate the persistence of growth and regrowth; to determine the most compatible improved pasture grasses and legume combination under Sorsogon ROS condition. The results showed that among the grasses, napier has the highest herbage yield, both in fresh and dry matter weight. The results also showed that napier grass combined with centrosema was the most persistent in regrowth among the grasses followed by napier monocrop. It was also observed that para-grass+centrosema was the most compatible grass-legume combination.

Availability :
Ilocos Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium, Mariano Marcos State University




NO. 95224

Feeding value of roughage ensiled in pit and concrete silos: study I. feeding value of napier (Pennisetum purpureum) ensiled at two growth stages.


dela Cruz, P; Lorenzo, N; Duran, D; Aquino, DL; Neric, SP
Abstracts of Water Buffalo Researches in the Philippines 1981-1995; Palacpac, EP and Battad, ZM(eds) Philippine Carabao Center, National Irrigation Administration Compound, EDSA, Quezon City; 142 p; 1996; p.17

Abstract:
The feeding value of silage from napier (P.purpureum) at 5 and 7 month growth stages and its fermentation in different types of silo was investigated. No significant variations was observed in the chemical composition of ensiled roughages at both growthh stages (P<0.05). Likewise, no differences were observed inthe voluntary intake and digestibility of the forage (P<0.05) after ensiling.

Availability :
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 96370

Effects of concentrate supplementation on tissue mineral content of upgraded goats under pure confinement


Orden, EA; Hayashida, M; Cruz, EM; delos Reyes, PQS, Galamgam, AS; Fujihara, T
Abstracts of Completed and On-going R&D Projects 2003. A compilation p.30 (2003); Compiled by Dela Cruz, NE; Roxas, ADC; Garcia, ZDC; Santos, AL; Nebres, JO; Gas, GM

Abstract:
A total of twelve 3-4 month old upgraded goats (Native X AN) with mean body weight of 8.8 kg were equally divided into two groups to determine the effects of ipil-ipil (Leucaena leucocephala) supplementation on tissue calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), sulfur (S), magnesium (Mg), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and Selenium (Se) of goats under intensive system of operation. Aside from the forage diet, ipil-ipil leaves were given to the treated group at the rate of 150-200 g daily and was adjusted based on their body weight increment during the five months feeding period. At the end of experiment, the animals were slaughtered and about 1 g sample each of spleen, kidney, lungs, pancreas, liver, heart, rib bone, biceps femoris, thyroid gland and testicles were collected to determine the mineral concentration. Samples were subjected to wet ashing using nitric acid before S, CA, P, Mg, Cu, Zn and Se concentration were analyzed using Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectrophotometer (ICPS) and flourometric detection of 2, 3-diamononaphthalene (watkinson, 1966).|Except for the testicles, the addition of ipil-ipil leaves did not result to significant differences on the mineral content of the various tissues of goats fed with forage diet made up mainly of napier (Pennisetum purpureum), paragrass (Brachiaria mutica) and stargrass (Cynodon plectustachyus). Apparently, the S, Ca, P, Mg, Cu, Zn and Se content of the spleen, kidney, lungs, pancreas, liver, heart, rib bone, biceps femoris, thyroid gland and testicles were not affected by the increase in the nutrient intake of growing upgraded goats. Moreover, the average mean S, Ca, P, Mg, Cu, Zn and Se were within the normal range (McDowell, 1985). Results indicated that there were enough amounts of S, Ca, P, Mg, Cu, and Se from the forage diet which supplied the requirements of growing goats. Thus, mineral imbalance is unlikely to appear among goats even during their growing stage due to adequate supply from the basal forage diet.

Availability :
Consortia Operations Office, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96508

Forage production of napier grass pasture mixed with centrosema at different rates of seeding


Gandeza Jr, J, ; San Jose, MT
TCA [Tarlac College of Agriculture] Research Journal 3 (3): 151-154 (1981)

Abstract:
Centrosema seeds were sown on Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) pasture at the rates of 10, 15 and 20 kg/ha. It was found out that significant differences occurred among treatments when it comes to the height of plants, number of stolons per hill and forage yield per square meter. With an increasing rate of seeding centrosema, there was a considerable decrease in the rate of growth, number of stolons and forage yield of Napier grass. Sowing centrosema seeds at the rate of 10 kg/ha improved the quality and yield of Napier grass.

Availability :
Tarlac College of Agriculture




NO. 96544

Rapid rotational grazing as best bet option to control endoparasite of goat


Cruz, EM
Abstracts of Completed and Ongoing R & D Projects 2000. Research, Extension and Training, Central Luzon State University, Science City of Mu¤oz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines (2000); Compiled by Porciuncula, FL; DelaCruz, NE; Estera, TB; Pascual, MT; Antalan, RV; Trimor, BP (no pagination)

Abstract:
Forty matured and growing goats were used in the study to determine the effectiveness of rapid rotational grazing (RRG) in controlling endoparasites of goats. Fecal samples were collected from all experimental animals. Parasites identified were Haemonchus trichostrongylus and Stronggyloides. For growing and matured animals, the parasitic load in terms of egg per gram of the set stocks were higher compared to rotationally grazed stocks. Blood samples were taken to determine the packed cell volume (PCV) of both groups. Higher PCV values for RRG were recorded for both growing and matured animals. Results showed that when egg per gram count was high, lower PCV was noted. Interms of body weight, animals under RRG are slightly heavier compared to set stocks. For growing stock, the difference in weight between RRG and set stocks was 250 grams. On the other hand, matured goats under RRG were heavier than those under set stocks with a difference of 2.8 kilogram. Pasture area nalysis revealed that parasitic load under RRG was greater than under continuous grazing. Isolated cases of diarrhea, pneumonia, pink eye and soremouth were observed in both RRG and set stocks.

Availability :
One-Stop-Information-Shop, Central Luzon Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium, Central Luzon State University




NO. 26203

Growth and nutritive value of some tropical plants species grown in cattle wastewater


Trang, NTD; Liang, JB; Liao, XD; Isma, MY
Department of Animal Science; Faculty of Agriculture; Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Malaysian Science and Technology Congress 2002; Symposium C: Life Sciences; 12-14 December 2002; Sarawak

Abstract:
Constructed wetland has been shown to be a viable technique for treatment of livestock wastewater. Selection of suitable plants is an important criterion to ensure the success of any constructed wetland. Two varieties of kenaf; namely Tainung 2 (Hibiscus cannabinus L) and K 465/118 (Hibiscus cannabinus L) and 3 types of grasses; namely Typha (Typha spp), Guinea (Panicum maximum) and Dwarf Napier (Pennisetum purpureum) grown in plastic containers (15.5 x 40 x 50 cm) containing equivalent to about 200 mg COD/L of cattle wastewater were used to examine their growth potential and nutritional value as animal feed. Similar plants grown in solutions made from commercial hydroponics nutrients were used as control for the respective plant species. Selection index were based on total scores given to the different plant species on their dry matter yield, crude protein content and survivability recorded over the experimental period of 4 weeks. Results of the study indicated that Typha obtained the highest score followed by Guinea, Napier and K 465/118 Kenaf.

Availability :
Mohd Zaki Abdullah




NO. 96069

Performance of guinea grass, napier grass and para grass under newly established guyabano plantation


Taylan, FM; Pascua, GS; Aolin, JT
Ilocos Research Abstracts 1986-1987; Mariano Marcos State University, Batac, Ilocos Norte; 1987; Dy, MEY (ed.); Ilocos Norte; Philippines; p. 37

Abstract:
The experiment was established at Dingras, Ilocos Norte to determine the herbage yield guyabano plantation, and to serve as a reservoir of planting materials for the coming rainy season. The experiment was laid out in RCBD with three replications.|Cutting of the three forages grown under the newly established guayabano plantation was done three months after planting. Results showed significant differences among treatments. Napier grass had the highest fresh and fry herbage yield with 35.7 and 8.8 t/ha, respectively. This was followed by guinea grass (24.8 and 4.8 t/ha) and paragrass produced the lowest (11.3 and 3.3 t/ha). The net income derived per hectare from napier grass was P19,256, guinea grass, P11,361, and paragrass, P1,234.

Availability :
Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 96068

Yield, quality and voluntary intake of napier grass as affected by cutting heights and cutting intervals


Battad, ZM; Pablico, SM; Sair, RR
Ilocos Research Abstracts 1986-1987; Mariano Marcos State University, Batac, Ilocos Norte; 1987; Dy, MEY (ed.); Ilocos Norte; Philippines; p. 37

Abstract:
The trial was conducted at Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU) Animal Project site from October 15, 1986 to December 31, 1896 to determine the intake, yield and quality of napier grass as affected by cutting heights and intervals.|Dry matter herbage yields as affected by cutting height, cutting interval and their interaction differed significantly. Significantly greater yield (5.2 t/ha) was obtained from plots harvested at 75 DCI than from plots harvested at 45 and 60 DCI. Napier grass harvested at 15.2 cm cutting height statistically gave the highest yield of 5.6 t/ha followed by those at 30.5 and 45.7 cm cutting heights (4.0 and 2.4 t/ha), respectively.|Voluntary feed intakes as affected by intervals and heights of cutting differed significantly. Significantly greater feed refusals were measured at longer cutting frequency (6.6, 4.7 and 2.5% from plots harvested at 75, 60 and 45 DCI, respectively). Moreover, significantly greater refusals were obtained from lower cutting heights (5.2, 4.5 and 4.1% from 15.2, 30.5 and 45.7 cm cutting height, respectively).

Availability :
Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 96158

Yield, chemical composition and in vitro dry matter digestability of different forage grasses


del Barrio, O; Lapitan, BA; Lihat,RM;Carana,TS;Malihan,JC
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights '97; PCARRD, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; 1998; 167p; Malicsi, LC and Joven, JEA (eds); p. 112

Abstract:
Six forage grasses were evaluated and compared for yield, chemical composition and in vitro digestibility. The grasses were Panicum maximum Jacq. (Guinea grass), Andropogon gayanus Kunth (Gamba grass), Pennisetum purpureum Schumach (local and King Napier grass), Setaria sphacelata (Golden timothy) (del Barrio et al, PCC at UPLB).|In terms of Dm yield/ha per year, local napier had the highest yield at 17.08 t followed by king napier (14.36 t), guinea grass and and gamba which had almost similar DM yield (11.72 t and 11.75 t, respectively). Setaria performed rather poorly compared to napier, guinea and gamba. Golden timothy yielded 7.34 t DM/ha per year while splendid yielded the least at 6.31 t DM/ha per year.|Across grass species, DM yield was higher during the wet season than dry season.|For cut and carry production system, Napier grass was the best option because of its rapid and thick growth and high DM. It was estimated that the potential capacity (cattle/ha per year) was highest for local napier-6.32, followed by king napier-5.32, gamba grass-4.35, guinea grass-4.34, golden timothy-2.72 and splendid grass is the lowest, at 2.34.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 14687

Effects of close cutting on the yield and quality of four tropical grass pastures
Itthiphon khong kan tat chit din to phonphalit lae khunnaphap khong ya- liangsat khet ro 4 chanit

Sukkagate, S; Tudsri, S & Pookpakdi, A
Department of Agronomy;Faculty of agriculture;Kasetsart University;Bangkok

Kan prachum thang wichakan khong maha witthayalai Kasetsart khrangthi 32: botkhatyo (The 32nd Kasetsart University Annual Conference; abstract) 3-5 February 1994; Kasetsart University; Bangkok; p111

Abstract:
Plant height, tillering capacity, feed quality and yield of Napier, dwarf Napier, Guinea and para grass were investigated in response to 5 cm cutting height. Growth and productivity of para grass were more affected as compared to the other grasses. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 14689

The effect of water stress and cutting on regrowth characteristics of dwarf napier grass
Itthiphon khong radap khwamchun nai din lae kan tat tor kan funtua khon ya-napier-khrae (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott)

Tudsri, S & Kangsanao, M
Department of Agronomy;Faculty of Agriculture; Kasetsart University; Bangkok

Kan prachum thang wichakan khong maha witthayalai Kasetsart khrangthi 32: botkhatyo (The 32nd Kasetsart University Annual Conference; abstract) 3-5 February 1994; Kasetsart University; Bangkok; p113

Abstract:
The effect of water stress and severity of defoliation on yield, qiality and subsequent regrowth of dwarf Napier grass were studied under grasshouse conditions. Severe water stress resulted in all plants dying within six weeks after cutting. Growth of the plant in terms of dry weight, leaf number, leaf areas were reduced to a greater extent under mild water stress than under adequate water supply. Immediately after cutting ane rewatering at the end of drought period, there was a rapid increase in growth by both the control and previously mild water stress treatments resulting in a marked increase of all variables recorded. However, growth of previously mild water stress plants was less than those previously given adequate water supply. The effect of cutting was more apparent in the adequate watered treatment than in the mild and severe water stress treatments in terms of plant dry weight, leaf number, leaf areas and continued to show this effect on rewatering. Mild water stress increased the crude protein and potassium content but reduced the phosphorus content in the leaves and stem compared with well watered treatment but did not show this effect on rewatering. Cutting had no effect on CP, P and K in leaves and stem. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library