Piper betle L
« Back  
NO. 14317

Antibacterial activity of extracts of Piper betle leaves
Kan suksa rit tan kan charoen toepto to bacteria bang chanit

Thapphayutphichan, P; Dehcatiwong Na Ayutthaya, K; Phongphet, P; Lilaphon, A
Mahidol University; Bangkok; Thailand

Warasan Phesat Witthaya [Thai Journal of Pharmacology] 4 (4): 205-212 (1982)

Abstract:
Among various extracts obtained from betel pepper leaves, volatile oil exhibited the highest inhibitory effect on the growth of 3 species of bacteria tested, i.e. MIC-90 against Staphilococcus aureus at 1.7 ug/ml. Ether and petroleum ether extracts showed less potent activity, i.e. MIC-90 against Staphilococcus aureus at 0.15 and 0.2 mg/ml., respectively. The antibacterial activity was found to be the lowest in water extract.

Availability :
Thailand National Documentation Centre; TISTR; 196 Phahonyothin Road; Bangkok; Thailand; phone: (66) (2) 579 112 130; fax: (66) (2) 561 4771




NO. 15243

Diseases of betel vine


Silayoi, I
Thai Abstracts: Science and Technology 16: 96 (1991)

Abstract:
Betel vine (Piper betle) is one of the economically important medicinal plants of Thailand. It is widely cultivated in the North-eastern, Eastern and Central parts of the country. However, there are many problems to be overcome before maximum yield can be approached. Disease causing damages to the crop is one of several known limiting factors. The major disease is the foot rot (Phytophthora parasitica); it can cause extremely heavy losses throughout the growing areas. Other diseases are: Rhizoctonia root rot (Rhizoctonia solani), Sclerotium wilt (Sclerotium rolfsii), Pythium root rot (Pythium splendens), anthracnose (Colletotrichum dasturii), Phoma leaf spot (Phoma sp.) powdery mildew (Oidium piperis), bacterial leaf spot (Pseudomonas betle), mosaic (Virus) and root knot (Meloidogyne incognita). Effective control measures were also recommended.

Availability :
Thailand National Documentation Centre; TISTR; 196 Phahonyothin Road; Bangkok; Thailand; phone: (66) (2) 579 112 130; fax: (66) (2) 561 4771




NO. 101973

An ethnobotanical review of betel pepper (Piper betle L.)
Telaah etnobotani tanaman sirih (Piper betle L.)

Djumidi; Widiyastuti, Y
Research Institute for Medicinal Crops; Tawangmangu; Central Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 2; p 468-471

Abstract:
"Sirih" (betel pepper, Piper bettle) is used for several purposes, such as medicines or as an offering for ceremonies. Field observation showed that leaves were usually collected from plants grown in private gardens and only a small quantity was bought from the market. The knowledge of processing and using of "sirih" has been practised from generation to generation. The ethnobotany of "sirih" was discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 107780

Antioxidant activity of betel pepper (Piper betle L.) leaves
Aktivitas antioksidan dari daun sirih (Piper betle L.)

Andarwulan, N; Wijaya, CH; Cahyono, DT
Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Teknologi dan Industri Pangan [Technology and Food Industry Bulletin] 7 (1): 29-37 (1996)

Abstract:
Antioxidant extraction from betel pepper leaves was done with ethanol according to the procedure of Hammerschmidt and Pratt (1978). The leaves extracted were green and yellow, fresh and freeze dried, and the aroma was removed by soxhlet and steam distillations. Antioxidant extract had a common specific aroma, i.e. betel pepper leaf aroma, green aroma and ethanol aroma. On the other hand, the extract colours of the green, brown and yellow leaves were significantly different. From the eight different kinds of extract, the one from the green betel pepper leaves extract wich were freeze dried and steam distilled had the highest yield. The extract also had the highest activity of antioxidant (FP 9.83). The highest total phenol (32.71 mg/ml), was obtained from the antioxidant extract from the yellow betel pepper leaves which were freeze dried and extracted with the soxhlet method. The antioxidative activity of the extracts (50, 100 and 200 ppm) were tested in crude soybean oil and refined-bleached-deodorized (RBD) soybean oil held at 60 °C in a light free environment. During storage, the 200 ppm antioxidant extract tested in RBD soybean oil showed the highest antioxidant activity (FP 9.59). The combinations between the 50, 100 and 200 ppm extracts and 0.01, 0.02 and 0.04% citric acid, studied in emulsion linolic and stored at 37 °C, did not have antioxidant effect (negative synergism).

Availability :
Library; Technical Implementation Unit Information Resources; Bogor Agricultural University; Kampus IPB Darmaga; Bogor 16610; Indonesia; P.O. Box 199; phone: (62) (251) 621 073; fax: (62) (251) 621 073




NO. 101989

Cultural study on the ancestral people in utilizing medicinal plants in the villages of West Java
Menggali budaya orang tua tempo dulu dalam memanfaatkan tumbuhan obat di pedesaan Jawa Barat

Ajijah, N; Iskandar, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 1; p 61-70

Abstract:
Plants have been used in traditional medicines since a long time ago. The medicinal knowledge was inherited from generation to generation. In Sundanese ethnic group some plants are used for healing diseases and for body care. This information was taken from a case study in the rural area of Maja subdistrict, Majalengka district and from Darmaraja subdistrict, Sumedang district, West Java.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 37141

Multiple cropping in Silang, Cavite


Grecia, DH
Greenfields 10 (12): 13-16 (1980)

Abstract:
The article presented in detail the multiple cropping system adopted by Mr. Juan Baon, a farmer in Silang, Cavite. Baon intercropped pineapple with papaya, coffee, banana, and gabi. Baon's farming system, as discussed in the article, was common to Silang farmers. Other crops planted were coconut and black pepper. Also presented was an estimated breakdown of input and output of multiple cropping per hectare for the first two years in Cavite (for 1980), and an estimated average input and output on multiple cropping in Cavite based on Cropping Pattern II in 1979-1980. Total gross income and net income estimated from the first two years of multiple cropping were 48,260 and 25,547 pesos, respectively.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD); Los Baños; Laguna; Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5360 014 - 20; fax: (63) (49) 5360 016
Email: pcarrd@pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 50291

Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 16. Stimulants


van der Vossen, HAM (ed); Wessel, M (ed)
Steenuil 18; 1606 CA Venhuizen; the Netherlands

Low-price, paperback edition; Bogor; PROSEA Foundation; 2000; 201 p

Abstract:
This volume deals with the plants of South-East Asia that are cultivated or collected from the wild for their stimulating properties. Three types of stimulant plants may be distinguished, based on their general use: plants used to make beverages, masticatory plants and plants for smoking. The beverage plants include coffee, tea, cocoa and mat‚: their dried or processed seeds or leaves are used to make infusions. Most people drink tea or coffee, or both, on a daily basis to banish fatigue and refresh the mind, but South-East Asians drink more tea than coffee. The masticatory plants include areca nut and kola: the stimulating effect is obtained by chewing the fresh or dried seed. These plants are primarily of regional importance and often also have cultural and social functions. Finally, there are plants for smoking, such as tobacco: its leaves are dried and processed for smoking. Although opposition to tobacco consumption is growing in Europe and North America, because of the potential harm to public health, tobacco consumption is still on the increase in Asia. In this volume, 20 major stimulant species are treated in 17 papers and there are brief descriptions of 34 species of minor importance. A further 250 species with a secondary use as a stimulant or in association with stimulants are also listed. The introductory chapter deals with general aspects of stimulant plants. A glossary is included to explain the terms used. Two indexes, of scientific and vernacular plant names, are provided.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 101984

Cultural wisdom in the traditional therapy of the society in South Western part of Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara
Kearifan budaya dalam tradisi pengobatan orang Sumbawa Barat Daya, Nusa Tenggara Barat

Darnaedi, SY; Rodani
Foundation for Indonesian Biological Science Building; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 1; p 20-28

Abstract:
The state of knowledge of medicinal plants and healing processes in the society who lives in the southwestern part of Sumbawa are closely associated with their culture and their perception on health and healthy. The justification on what is called "ill" and "drug" is obviously related to their believe and religion. "Sanro" is a person considered to have high-healing ability, whereas "tamang" is a person considered to have a healing ability for babies and women after giving birth. Plants used and their healing processes were discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 71334

Indigofera tinctoria, Kalanchoe pinnata, Euphorbia sp., and Piper betle
Thanh dai, Tuoc bong, Thuoc dau, Trau khong

Do Tat Loi
Association for Scientific and Technical Diffusion of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam

Nhung cay thuoc va vi thuoc Viet nam [Medicinal plants and medicaments in Vietnam]; Vol 6; Hanoi, Sciences Publishing House, 1965; p 169-180

Abstract:
Bryophyllum pinnatum, Euphorbia sp., Indigofera tinctoria and Piper betle are used to treat wound, hemostatic, dermatosis and other diseases.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71375

Piperaceae
Ho ho tieu

Le Kha Keao
Cay co thuong thay o Vietnam [Popular plants in Vietnam]; Vol 3; Hanoi, Scientific and Technical Publishing House, 1973; p 190-196

Abstract:
Introduction to the genera Peperomia and Piper (Piperaceae) commonly growing in Vietnam is presented. The root of Piper betle is used as a medicine to treat rheumatism.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 102005

Medicinal plant utilization to treat headache in South Sulawesi and East Kalimantan areas
Penggunaan tanaman obat sebagai pengobatan sakit kepala di daerah Sulawesi Selatan dan Kalimantan Timur

Pudjiastuti; Sa'roni; Nuratni, B
Research and Development Centre for Pharmacy, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 1; p 183-190

Abstract:
A survey had been conducted to find out species of plants for curing headache in South Sulawesi and East Kalimantan. This survey was a result of an exploration by means of interview with local citizen and the assistance of local university students. It was based upon the last two weeks headache cured with medicinal plant preparation. Conclusion of the survey showed that there were 17 kinds of plant used to alleviate headache, i.e. "turi", "srikaya", "sirsak", "bawang merah", "belimbing wuluh", "sembung", "kesumba", "sampi", "saldo", "cocor bebek", "beluntas", "sirih", "pisang", "bang bangkara", "raja bangun", "raja membangun" and "bangle". The medicinal plants, the recipes, and the way to use them were different in both provinces.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 101954

Traditional utilization of plants by Oemasi society living in unirrigated field of savanna in Timor
Pemanfaatan tanaman secara tradisional oleh masyarakat peladang Oemasi penghuni savana Timor

Widiyono, W; Waluyo, EB
Research and Development Institute for Botany, Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB), Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 2; p 363-371

Abstract:
The main profession of Oemasi people are farmers. There are two types of agriculture in their village: shifting and permanent cultivation. Farmers living in Timor savanna utilized plants traditionally for food, clothes, shelters, houses, fodder, fences and even in cultural events.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 92815

Deterrent effect of yellow ginger (Curcuma longa L.), betel (Piper betle L.) and sweet-flag (Acorus calamus L.) extracts on feeding and oviposition behaviour of some insect pests of cotton


Solsoloy, A; Morallo-Rejesus, B
Cotton Research Journal 1 (2): 135-145 (1988)

Abstract:
The deterrent effect of the crude and partially purified extracts of Curcuma longa, Piper betle, and Acorus calamus on the feeding and oviposition of cutworm and bollworm was investigated from September 1984 to February 1985 at the CRDI Crop Production Laboratory, Batac, Ilocos Norte, Philippines. The crude extracts of the test plants were effective antifeedant against cutworm but decreased with older instars. Larvae reared on extracts-treated leaves were smaller that those in the control. Acorus calamus had the highest larvae mortality. A lesser antifeedant effect of the crude extracts was observed on boll-worm. Larvae that fed on extracts-treated bolls has lesser fresh weight with highest mortality after five feedings. There was no effect on the extracts on adult emergence but their eggs hatched late. Fractions 2 and 3 of Acorus calamus eluted by carbon tetrachloride and acetone, respectively, were the most effective antifeedant against the fourth instar cutworm larvae. The petroleum ether-derived extract of Piper betle stimulated oviposition but its volatile oil and the petroleum ether-derived oil of Acorus calamus completely inhibited oviposition of boll-worm.

Availability :
Library; Post Harvest Training and Research Center (PHTRC); University of the Philippines Los Baños; College; Laguna; Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5363 138, 5362 444; fax: (63) (49) 5363 259
Email: kfy@mudspring.uplb.edu.ph




NO. 101980

Study on plant utilization by Wana tribe in the Morowali nature reserve area, Central Sulawesi
Kajian pemanfaatan tumbuhan oleh suku Wana di Kawasan cagar alam Morowali, Sulawesi Tengah

Mansur, M; Waluyo, EB; Joeni S, R
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB), LIPI, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Book 2; p 511-519

Abstract:
"Wana" is one of the communities residing in the Morowali Nature Reserve, Central Sulawesi. This forest reserve is perhaps the richest in terms of its flora and fauna in Sulawesi which is still unexplored. The ethnobotanical study was conducted at Kampung Kayu Poli in June 1994. "Wana" lives inside the park, forming small villages which are surrounded by tropical dense forest. Therefore, they have developed a close intimacy with this natural resources for their existence and livelihood. It was found that a great diversity of plants and animals have been utilized by the local people for various purposes such as food, medicine, shelter, agricultural tools etc. The information was gathered from local people and headmen of villages during field trips. A floristic inventory revealed that there were 57 wild species and 25 species of cultivated plants. Annonaceae, Sapotaceae, and Arecaceae were noted as the most plant families used by "Wan". This paper also stresses the urgent need for conservation of this valuable biological resource.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 101218

Exploration, characterization, evaluation and conservation of medicinal plant germplasms
Eksplorasi, karakterisasi, evaluasi dan pelestarian plasma nutfah tanaman obat

Rostiana, O; Abdullah, A; Haryudin, W; Aisyah, S
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC), Bogor, Indonesia

Koleksi dan karakterisasi plasma nutfah pertanian [Collection and characterization of agricultural germplasm]; Review hasil dan program penelitian plasma nutfah pertanian, Bogor, 26-27 Juli 1994; Sunihardi (ed); Musaddad, A (ed); Ruhendi (ed); Jakarta, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 1994; p 193-208

Abstract:
The availability of superior plant materials is the main factor in developing plant cultivation. Therefore collection of germplasms as genetic resources, followed by characterization, utilization and conservation is needed. Among the medicinal plants, Zingiberaceae, Piperaceae and Umbelliferae are the most useful groups. An exploration was carried out and the following were collected 10 types of East-Indian galangal, 9 types of betel vein, 3 types of turmeric, 13 types of long pepper and 2 types of fennel. Characterization of three East-Indian Galangal types showed that Cileungsi Besar is the most superior type with the highest production (62.23 g/hill) than the others. Cepogo sweet fennel, with the production of 190.4 g dry seed/hill, had a better characteristic of yield component than that of Manoko, seems to be a potential type to be developed. Among 13 types of long pepper collected from the production area on Madura island and the province of Lampung, there were no variation on morphological characters, except for their chemical constituents. Characterization of 6 collection numbers of betel vein gave a morphological variation in stem and leaf characters. These result, indicate that information on characteristics of potential medicinal plants have not been completed yet. Therefore further studies are needed.

Availability :
Indonesian Biotechnology Research Institute for Estate Crops, Library
Email: briec@indo.net.id




NO. 101998

Usage of plant parts as traditional healing matter in Bojong Galing village, Sukabumi regency
Penggunaan bagian-bagian tumbuhan sebagai bahan pengobatan tradisional di desa Bojong Galing, Kabupaten Sukabumi

Hidayat, RS
Technical Executing Unit of Institute for the Development of Botanical Gardens, LIPI, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 1; p 138-144

Abstract:
Indonesia has many kinds of medicinal plants. A study on medicinal plants used by of Bojong Galing people was made by means of interviews. This study involved the elders and public figures of the community to find out their knowledge on both wild and cultivated plants used as medicine in that village. It was found that about 60 plant species were commonly used by the people for medicinal purposes. The most common part of plant used in medicine preparation was leaves (55%).

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 101936

Ethnobotany of rampayan in Batak Angkola and Mandailing tribes
Etnobotani rampoyan dalam suku Batak Angkola dan Mandailing

Hasairin, A; Hasanah, U
Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Medan Institute of Tachers' Training and Educational Science; Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 2; p 238-242

Abstract:
"Rompayan" is a place for slaughtering traditional animal (buffalo) for Batak Angkola and Mandailing ethnic groups. It is usually executed for the traditional "Siridon" (happy) ceremony. Field study shows that for "rompayan", plant species of 8 families are used; five of them are wild, two are growing widely and three species are cultivated. This knowledge have been passed on from one generation to another and each plant species has its meaning and value. Analysis of plants and its ethnobotanic value are discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 51508

Antioxidant activity of the methanol extracts of Piper betle Linn. And Uncaria gambir (Hunter) Roxb. leaves


Diantini, A; Sofian, I; Subarnas, A; Mustarichie, R
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural sciences, Padjajaran University; Jatinangor, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia

Proceedings International Seminar on Natural Products Chemistry and Utilization of Natural Resources, June 5 – 7, 2001, Universitas Indonesia, Depok Indonesia; Kosela, S et al. (eds); Depok, Universitas Indonesia, 2001; p 361-365.

Abstract:
Piper betle and Uncaria gambir contain polyphenol compounds which are supposed to have antioxidant activity. An experiment has been carried out to examine antioxidant activity of the methanol extracts of Piper betle and Uncaria gambir leaves using xanthin/ xanthin oxidase system. The XO inhibitory and O2 scavenging activity was measured using an experiment kit SOD test Wako and the O2 generation was detected by nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction method. Concentrations of the extracts used were 250 and 500 µg/ml. The results showed that the methanol extracts of both plants at the two concentrations gave strong O2 generation inhibitory activity with the inhibitory potency of 96.89% (250 g/ml) and 100% (500 g/ ml) for Piper betle extract and 100% (250 g/ml) for Uncaria gambir extract.The methanol extracts were then fractionated into n-hexan, ethyl acetate, and water fractions. The n-hexane and ethyl acetate fractions of Piper betle extract gave an inhibitory activity only at the concentration of 500 µg/ml (67.77% and 90.24%, respectively), and the ethyl acetate and water fractions of Uncaria gambir extract showed inhibitory activity of 100% at both concentrations. The phytochemical screening on the extracts and fractions indicated that they mainly contained polyphenol and flavonoids that are supposed to be antioxidant.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 54584

Antibacterial activity test of betel pepper (Piper betle L.) leaves extract on fresh meat
Kajian aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak daun sirih (Piper betle L.) pada daging sapi segar

Sugiastuti, S; Apriyantono, A; Fardiaz, D; Jenie, BSL
Jurusan Teknologi Pangan dan Gizi, Institut Pertanian Bogor; Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia XXIV, 19-20 September 2003 [Proceedings of the 24th Seminar on Indonesian Medicinal Plants, 19-20 September 2003]; Sidowayah (Woodfordia floribunda) & Petai cina (Leucaena glauca); Lestari, Y et al. (eds); Bogor, Pusat Studi Biofarmaka, Lembaga Penelitian, Insitut Pertanian Bogor, 2004; p 199-204

Abstract:
Utilization of betel pepper (Piper betle) leaves in the medicinal world has been known since a long time ago because the leaves contain natural phenolic compound that has anti-bacterial activity. Beside in the medicinal world, nowadays possibilities are developed in using betel pepper leaves as food additive, i.e. as natural anti-bacteria.|A research was conducted with the aim to investigate the antibacterial activity of betel pepper leaves extract in foodstuff. The foodstuff used was ground meat because meat is considered as a food commodity that is easily damaged by contamination of micro-organisms. Results of the test using diffusion well method showed that betel pepper leaves extract had anti-bacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli (representing food pathogenic bacteria), and Pseudomonas fluorescens (representing food-damaging bacteria). This was shown by the occurrence of a clear area surrounding the well.|Tests were further conducted by determining the MIC (Minimum Inhibition Concentration) value of the betel pepper leaves extract against those bacteria. The results showed that the MIC value for Staphylococcus aureus was 3 mg/ ml media, while for each of Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium and Pseudomonas fluorescens was 2 mg/ ml media.|The betel pepper leaves extract was then applied to the ground meat to test its anti-bacterial activity. The test was conducted by counting total microbes in the ground meat. The result revealed that betel pepper leaves extract at 10 mg/ g meat (1% w/w) could inhibit the growth of bacteria in the ground meat that was stored at refrigerator temperature for 9 days. (English version of authors' abstract by NWS)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 66895

Plants used in Minangkabau traditional ceremonies
Tumbuhan yang digunakan dalam upacara adat Minangkabau

Syahbuddin
Faculty of Biology, Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani [Proceedings of National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 February 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 176-181

Abstract:
Plants were widely used by man, not only consumed and needed as sources of energy, but also for traditional ceremonial purposes. The kinds of plant used in the ceremonies could be identified by conducting a study, using interview and historical approaches. It turned out that plants used in traditional ceremonies in Minangkabau were coconut, paddy (rice), banana, pinang, betle pepper, sugarcane, and inai. Gathering plants like madang, pulai, betung, jack fruit tree, ampelas, talang, melati, kemuning, mengkudu and sago, were mentioned. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 107783

Characterization of natural antioxidant from betel pepper (Piper betle L.): Separation of components in the oleoresin of the betel pepper leaves using thin layer chromatography
Karakterisasi antioksidan alami dari daun sirih (Piper betle L.) : Pemisahan komponen dalam oleoresin daun sirih dengan kromatografi lapis tipis

Andarwulan, N
Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor, Indonesia

Buletin Teknologi dan Industri Pangan [Food Technology and Industry Bulletin] 7 (1): 75-78 (1996)

Abstract:
Antioxidant activity of betel pepper leaves (Piper betle) extract was evaluated by using thyocyanate method. The leoresin of the betel pepper leaves powder was extracted with methanol, while that of the defatted betel pepper leaves powder was extracted with methanol and ethanol. The ethanol extract of defatted betel pepper leaves powder showed the strongest antioxidant activity as compared to BHA and the other extracts. The ethanol extract also contained 21.9 mg Beta carotene/100 g. Antioxidants were isolated from the ethanol extract by two dimensional TLC on silica gel G 60 F254. The developing solvents were (1) chloroform: ethanol: acetic acid (98:2:2) and (2) hexane:diethyl ether (3:7). Seventeen spots were observed with the following special properties: 3 fractions showed absorption in the UV region, 3 fractions in the UV and feasible region, and 2 fractions in the feasible region, while the others showed no absorption in either UV or feasible region. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library
Email: perpubb@indo.net.id




NO. 73347

Piper betle
Trau khong

Nguyen Duc Minh
Thuoc chua benh nhiem khuan tu cay co trong nuoc [Medicinal plants for treating bacterial diseases]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1995; p 236-240

Abstract:
Piper betle is cultivated everywhere in Vietnam for chewing. Besides, it is also used to treat cold, wound, inflammation of bone-joints, belly-ache and pimples. The results of a study on its antibacterial activity showed that it can affect Bacillus mycoides, Bacterium pyocyanerum, Candida albicans, etc. The results of a clinical study are also presented in this section.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 72458

Piper betle
Cay trau

Tran Van Chinh; Le Trung Chinh et al.
Cay thuoc nam va cac phuong phap phong chua benh don gian tai nha [Traditional medicinal plants and methods of preventing and treating diseases at home]; Danang Publishing House, 1995; p 261-263

Abstract:
Piper betle is propagated by branch-cuttings. Besides for chewing, its fresh leaves are used to treat cold, boils, mouth inflammation or to clean wounds.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 108517

Chemical component analyis of essential oil from two cultivars of betel pepper (cv. yellow leaves and cv. green leaves)
Analisis komponen kimia minyak atsiri dari dua macam sirih (daun kuning dan hijau)

Harapini, M; Agusta, A; Rahayu, RD
Treub Laboratory, Research and Development Institute for Botany; Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Nasional I Tumbuhan Obat dan Aromatik [Proceedings of the 1st National Symposium on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants], Bogor, 10-12 Oktober 1995; Gandawidjaja, D et al. (eds); Bogor, Simpul Nasional APINMAP Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI & Unesco, 1996; p 58-64

Abstract:
Piper betle is one of several medicinal plants used as carminative, expectorant, tonic, astringent, stimulant and other purposes by local people, due to the volatile oil present in the plant. Identification of the volatile oil was conducted using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GCMS) on leaves of 2 cultivars (green and yellow leaves) obtained from local market. The results showed that the volatile oil from green leaves contains 10 components, namely Beta-linalool, o-alylphenol, 2-methoxy-4-(1-pryphenyl) phenol, methyl eugenol, is ocaryophylene, Alpha-caryophylene, copane, bycyclo-7,2,o-undek-4-en-4-11-11-trimethyl-8-methylen, elemene and Alpha-farnesen. The volatile oil from the yellow leaves, apart from the 10 components present in the green leaves, also contains 4 other components, namely 4-alylphenil acetic, Beta-farnesene, germakrene and Alpha-cubebene. Antibacterial test indicated that the volatile oil from the yellow leaves was more effective in inhibiting the growth of Salmonella rather than the growth of Escherichia colli, Klebsiella, Staphylococcus and Pasteurella. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 73511

Piper betle
Trau khong

Vu Xuan Quang
Nhung cay thuoc nam thong thuong chua mot so benh viem nhiem [Common medicinal plants that can be used to treat some infected inflamed diseases]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1993; p 146-148

Abstract:
The antibiological element contained in Piper betle can have effect on Bacillus mycoides, Bacillus pyocyaneum, Candida albicans, Salmonella paratyphi, etc. The plant is used to treat cold, rheumatism, snake-bites, wound, boils and pimples.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 111244

The effect of concentration and preparation mathod of betel pepper (Piper betle L.) leaf suspension on the major pest population and yield of Capsicum annuum L.
Pengaruh kadar dan cara penyiapan suspensi daun sirih (Piper betle L.) terhadap populasi hama utama dan hasil cabai besar (Capsicum annuum L.)

Hakim, L; Martono, E; Supangkat Sm , G
Agr. UMY (Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta) [Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Muhammadiyah University, Yogyakarta] 7 (1): 15-19 (1999)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted with the aim to study the toxicity and effectivity of Piper betle leaf suspension for controlling major pest and yield of Capsicum annuum. The experiment was conducted in the Karangwaru Lor village, Tegalrejo, Yogyakarta from June to October 1997. This experiment was arranged in a factorial Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD). The first factor was Piper betle leaf suspension concentration, consisting of 4 levels 0, 0.5, 1 and 2 kg/l of water. The second factor was preparation method consisting of 2 levels: soaking and without soaking. The results of experiment showed that Piper betle leaf suspension 1 kg/l of water was able to control the population of Aphis sp. pest. Preparation method of Piper betle leaf suspension gave no effect. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 40377

Nutritional status of a sago-eating community in the Purari delta, Gulf province


Ulijaszek, SJ
Nutritionist; Gulf Provincial Government; Gulf province; Papua New Guinea

IASER Discussion Paper No.44; 1982; p77-97

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 63319

Bacteriological examination on the presence of antimicrobial components in some original Indonesian medicinal plants
Pengujian secara bakteriologik terhadap adanya zat antimikroba pada beberapa tanaman obat asli Indonesia

Pandia, K.S.
Thesis; Faculty of Biology; National University; Jakarta; Indonesia; 1978

Availability :
National University; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63455

Palm trees of ceylon
Tanaman palem di Srilanka

Popham, S.
The Bulletin (2): 33-38(1985)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65135

Traditional agroforestry at Gunung Bunder II village, Cibungbulang subdistrict, Bogor district, West Java
Agroforestri tradisional di desa Gunung Bunder II, Kecamatan Cibungbulang, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat

Priarso, S.R.
S1 Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; Nasional University; 1986; 56 p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office




NO. 68298

Host spectrum of 'gegaja' (Lephobaris serratipes Marsh) pest
Kisaran inang hama gegaja (Lephobaris serratipes Marsh)

Suprapto; Mustika, O.R.; Martono; Karmawati, R.
Sub Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops]; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (3): 9-14(1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69109

Ethnozoological survey on Melayu society and Kubu tribe in Riau and Jambi provinces: Animals and traditional medicines
Survey ethnozoology terhadap masyarakat Melayu dan suku Kubu di Propinsi Riau dan Jambi: Hewan dan obat tradisional

Maryanto, Ibnu; Saim, Ahmad; Danielsen, Fim
Research and Development Institute for Zoology; Bogor; Indonesia

Rain Forest and Resource Management, Proceeding of Norindra Seminar-Jakarta 25-26 May 1993, Indonesian Institute Science (LIPI); 1993; p61-66

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106364

Natural ingredients which abolish body and mouth odour
Ramuan alamiah penghilang bau badan dan mulut

Sarwono, B.
Trubus 27(315): 15-17(1996)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 12435

Antimicrobial activities of some medicinal plants
Kan thotsop rit khong samunphrai thai to chua ra

Khongsupphalak, K; trinut, A; Thawonset, T; Wutudomloet, M
Bot katyo khrongkan phiset [Abstracts of Special Research Project] 2518-2523; Bangkok; Mahidol University; p6

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 11966

Spices in the 6th National Soc. Econ. Devel. Plan
Phut khruang thet Samunphrai tam phaen phattana setthakit lae sangkhom haeng chat chabap thi 6 (2530-2534)

Khanaphuset, K; Raktham, S
Horticulture Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Journal of the Horticulture Research Institute 11 (7): 100-108 (1988)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 33730

Deterrent effect of yellow ginger (Curcuma longa L.), betel (Piper betle L.) and sweetflag (Acorus calamus L.) extracts on feeding and oviposition behavior of some insect pests of cotton


Solsoloy, A; Rejesus, B.M
Cotton Research Journal (Philippines) 1 (2): 135-145 (1988)

Availability :
Library; Cotton Research Development Institute; Batac; Ilocos Norte; Philippines




NO. 63558

Introducing medicinal crops
Mengenal tanaman obat-obatan

Anonymous
Banjar Baru Agricultural Information Service (4): 21-23 (1983/1984)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3813

Pepper cultivation
Budidaya lada

Anonymous
Surabaya; Balai Informasi Pertanian Jawa Timur [Agricultural Information Service, East Java]; 1989; 38p

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 9894

Review on some species of the genus of Piper in Indonesia
Tinjauan beberapa jenis dari marga Piper di Indonesia

Hardi, B.H
Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; National University; 1977; 32p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 60676

Cultivation and trade of pepper
Lada, budidaya dan tata niaganya

Rismunandar
Jakarta; Penebar Swadaya; 1987; ?p

Availability :
National Library of Indonesia; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62009

Leaf anatomy structure of some species of Piperaceae
Struktur anatomi daun beberapa jenis tumbuhan Piperaceae

Wijowati, R
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Biology; Gadjah Mada University; 1986; 77p

Availability :
Faculty of Biology; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 105970

Effects of grafting sources and seeding media on the cutting growth of fruit branches of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pengaruh asal setek dan media pembibitan terhadap pertumbuhan setek cabang buah tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Darmawan, I
S1 thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1995; 57p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 5401

Pepper germplasm handling to support breeding programme
Penanganan plasma nutfah lada menunjang program pemuliaan

Rostiana, O
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Breeding of Cloves, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut]; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; 1988; p138-140

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 9383

Effects of maturity level and soaking duration on the quality of white pepper (Piper spp.)
Pengaruh tingkat pemasakan, lama perendaman terhadap kualitas lada putih

Hatamorrasyid
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1990; 34p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 12295

Chemical constituents of Piper
San khemi nai phut sakun piper

Likitwittayawit, K
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science; Chulalongkorn University; Bangkok; Thailand

Thai Journal of Pharmaceutical Science 13 (1): 47-68 (1988)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 40442

Pepper


Kana, A; Bernard, K
Department of Agriculture, Stock and Fisheries; Konedobu; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; Rural Development Handbook No.7; 1975; 21p

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 65113

Resistence of seven pepper species to Phytopthora disease
Ketahanan tujuh species lada terhadap penyakit Phytopthora

Kasim, R
Tanjung Karang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] 7 (39): 34-38 (1981)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61108

Preliminary quantitative examination of phenolic compounds of Piper betle L. and Piper longum Bl. (Piperaceae)
Pemeriksaan pendahuluan phenola setjara kwantitatif dalam Piper betle L. dan Piper longum Bl., keluarga Piperaceae

Mowi, A
S1 thesis; Bandung; Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; 1968; 37p

Availability :
Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 101499

Research on Phytophthora originated from pepper, piper betle and cubeba
Penelitian Phytophthora asal lada, sirih dan cabe Jawa

Manohara, D; Wahyuno, D; Sutrasman
Indonesian Phytopathological Society; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society] Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p942-947

Abstract:
Phytophthora is a pathogenic fungi which is also found on pepper (Piper nigrum), betle (P. betle) and cubeba (P. retrofractum). The pathogen attacks all plant parts, but the most dangerous one is the incidence on the foot (stem-base). A study on five phytopthoran isolates (three pepper and each one from betel and cubeba) was done and the pathogen morphology, the effect of temperature to the growth and sporulation, mating type and cross inoculation were observed. The five isolates turned out to be Phytopthora capsici, and was able to grow at the temperature range of 20-32oC. Pepper and cubeba isolates have A1 mating type, while betel isolate has A2 mating type. The oospore generally was globular in shape, abundantly formed at 20oC and the antheridium was amphigyneous. There was cross inoculation between pathogen from the three plants.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 107248

Preliminary study of juice of 'sirih' bettle leaves, pepper and 'cabe jawa' on the growth of Phytophthora palmivora
Kajian pendahuluan cairan perasan daun sirih, lada dan cabe jawa terhadap pertumbuhan jamur Phytophthora palmivora

Darsam; Soesanto, L; Pudjiastuti, C
Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dalam Rangka Pemanfaatan Pestisida Nabati [Proceedings of the Research Result Seminar on the Utilization of Plant Pesticides]; Bogor 1-2 Desember 1993; 1994; p65-69

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 94002

Clastogenic activities of selected Philippine plants


Bautista, MYL; Pasahol, BV
Inventory of Health Researches : 1997-1998; p 88

Abstract:
The clastogenic activity of Averrhoa bilimbi Linn. (kamias), Ficus odorata Linn. (Pakiling). Gliricidia sepium Jacq. Steud. (kakauati), Piper betle Linn. (Samat) and Jatropha curcas Linn. (Tubang Bakod)was determined by Micronucleus test developed by Schmid and co-workers. DMN was used as a positive control. The readings on the number of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes found in the plants at 500,1000, and 500 mg/kg respectively: kamias 23.50+2.00, 25.25+1.32, 25.00+3.37; Pakiling 15.25+2.26, 17.80+0.81, 18.50+1.10; Kakauati 17.87+1.22, 18.00+3.02, 16.75+5.25;Samat 15.25+4.11, 17.50+1.90, 18.3+2.72; Tubang Bakod 8.60+2.53, 19.62+2.31, 22.0+2.26. Statistical analysis showed that the clastogenic potential of the five leaf extracts are comparable to DMN. This suggests that these herbal plants have mutagenic property.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development; Department of Science and Technology
Email: pchrd@pchrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 25580

Extracts of Anonoa, Piper and Tinospora as biopesticide in controlling corn Stem borer, Ostrinia salentialis


Zurina, M; Harbant, S; Rohaiza, M; Che Faridah, O; Azlan, MY; Rozita, O; Lim, BT
Faculty of Applied Sciences; Universiti Teknologi MARA; 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Seminar on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants; Towards Bridging Science and Herbal Industry; 12-13 September 2000; FRIM; p13

Abstract:
The usage of sintetic pesticides is detrimental to both health and the environment. On the other hand, biological based pesticides is more environmental friendly because of their selective mode of action and is degradable. Hence, extracts from A.muricota, P.betel, T.crispa were screened against Ostrinia salentialis, a stem borer. Results obtained suggested that extract from T.crispa was most effective while P.betel is an attractant to O.salentialis.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25881

Anti-inflammatory activities of several Malaysia Medicinal Plants


Rasadah, MA; Nik Musa'adah, M; Ling, SK; Ong, BK; Aznie Aida, A
Medicinal Plants Division; Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM); Kepong, 52109 Kuala Lumpur

Towards Modernisation of Research and Technology in Herbal Industries; Proceedings of the Seminar on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants; 24-25 July 2001; p165

Abstract:
Thirteen species of Malaysia medicinal plant were examined for their anti -inflammatory activities using the in vitro (lipoxygenase, hyaluronidase and platelet- activiting factor (PAF) receptor binding antagonist) and in vitro (tetradecanoylphorbol aceatate (TPA) induced mouse ear oedema) assays. These techniques are frequently used to access the anti-inflammatory effect of natural products.Leaf extracts of Lantana camara was found to exhibit strong inhibition in the TPA model and PAF receptor binding assay. Piper betle exhibited both in vitro (lipoxygenase) and in vitro (TPA model) anti-inflammatory activities.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 96397

Antibacterial and molluscidal properties of Piper betle Linn.


Lirio, L; Poppe, J; Hofter, M
Pest Management Council of the Philippines, Inc. 2002 Proceedings; 33rd Anniversary and Annual Scientific Meeting; "Pest Management in the Age of Information and Technology"; May 8-10, 2002, Grand Men Seng Hotel, Davao City; 118pp. p.109

Abstract:
Antibacterial in-vitro bioassay revealed the presence of bioactive compound in the chloroform fraction of Piper betle leaf extract. The minimum inhibitory concentrations were 50, 60, 125 and 60 ug/ml for Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Erwinia amylovora, E.carotovora pv. carotovora and Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, respectively. Direct bioauthography on LTC confirmed the presence of one bioactive compound identified as hydroxyhavicol through MS and NMR spectroscopy analyses. In vivo tests further confirmed the antibacterial activity of the leaf extract using the chosen test bacteria, X.campestris pv. campestris, the causal agent of the black rot of cabbage. The same leaf extract also showed molluscidal activity against slugs and snails that ate common cabbage and other vegetables being grown in Benguet.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 25984

Antiulcer effect of Centella asiatica and Piper betle extracts : a comparative study


Azmahani, A; Somchit, MN; Halijah, H; Wan Kartini, WM
Department of Biomedical Sciences; Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences; Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

4th. Asian Science and Technology Congress 2002; 25-27 April 2002; Kuala Lumpur

Abstract:
Centella asiatica and Piper belle is native to Malaysia and in tropical countries. These plant are used for treating various disease including widely used herbal medicine for wound healing and treatment of mucosal injuries. The aim of this study was to compare the antiulcer activity of both herbs on the ethanol-induced gastric ulcers in rats. Crude water extract of leaves Centella asiatica and Piper belle were extract in a Soxlet apparatus. The extracts were then freeze-dried and store in -200 C prior to use. Rats were pretreatment with I and 2 mg/kg/day orally for 7 days Centella asiatica or Piper belle extracts before oral 70% ethanol (10 ml/kg) administration. The other two groups of rats received either pretreatment only (1 and 2 mg/kg/day orally for 7 days Centella asiatica or Piper belle ) or 70% ethanol (10 ml/kg) orally. Control animals received equivalent amount of normal saline. Rats were sacrificed their stomach and duodenum. The lesion size in mm was determined by measuring each lesion along its greatest length/diameter using a transparent grid. Ethanol treated rats having the longest/largest lesions and treatment with either Centella asiatica and Piper belle significantly reduce the ulcer length when compared to ethanol controls (p<0.05). Pretreatment with either Centella asiatica and Piper belle alone did not have any effects on the ulcer length where the ulcer length were similar to control saline. Oral administration of both herbs at the dose I and 2 mg/kg/day significantly inhibited gastric ulcer formation in rats. 1 and 2 mg/kg Centella asiatica inhibited the ulcer index by 48.0 and 73.4 % respectively. Whereas, 1 and 2 mg/kg Piper belle inhibited by 26.1 and 60.7 % respectively. These results suggested Centella asiatica is more potent gastroprotective agent than Piper betle in ethanol-induced gastric ulceration in rats.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25997

The effect of selected herbs on anti-oxidant and peroxidation status of aged rats


Imilia, I; Noordin, MM
Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM; Selangor

7th. National Conference on Medical Sciences; 2002; Kuala Lumpur

Abstract:
Ageing is a natural inescapable process in living organism albeit its effects can be delayed. The process of ageing occurred due to the presence of free radical or reactive oxygen species. Likewise, various herbs have been claimed to possess antiageing properties and is continually being used despite lack of scientific evidence.

Availability :
University Malaysia Sabah




NO. 96654

Taxo-phytochemical studies of the plants use in the preparation of 'tawak'


Labay, PM; Malangris, M; Sager, M
Marinduque State College Journal of Research and Innovation 2 (2): 32-36 (1999-2000)

Abstract:
Eighty-eight collected plants are used by the magtatawak in Marinduque which were subjected to phytochemical screening. Th leaf, root, bark and rhizome are the most preferred plant parts, whose most common "active constituents" are alkaloids, saponins and tannins.

Availability :
Southern Tagalog Agriculture Resources Research and Development Consortium One Stop Information Shop




NO. 26345

Evaluation of antiinflammatory activity for piper setle, Justicia gendarussa and Cassytha filiformis using TPA induced mouse ear Oedema inhibitory Assay


Ong, BK; Rasadah, MA; Srima Elina, S
Medicinal Plants Programme; Biotechnology Division; Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kepong, 52109 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Seminar on Medicinal & Aromatic Plants; Current Trends & Perspectives; FRIM; 20-21 July 2004;p93

Abstract:
Piper betle (sireh), Justicia gendarussa (ganda rusa) and Cassytha filiformis (tali puteri) are local medicinal plants which have been used either singly or as an essential component of herbal remedies to treat various illnesses and symptoms, such as intermittent fever, wound, poultice for headache and also as a health tonic. Ethanolic crude extracts of the above plants were obtained via hot extraction method and cold extraction method. The plant extracts were then evaluated for antiinflammatory activity using the TPA induced ear oedema inhibitory assay. The inhibition percentage of P. betle and J. gendarussa crude extracts, obtained via hot extraction, were 45.13% and 36.12% respectively. Whereas P. betle and J. gendarussa extracts, obtained via cold extraction, were 43.24% and 43.71 % respectively. However the ethanolic extract from C. filiformis exhibited inflammation promoting activity. And the inhibition percentage for Indomethacin, a known inflammatory inhibitor, is 72.11%.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 26914

Antimicrobial activity of crude aqueous extract of Piper betle against Streptococcus mutans A TTC 25175


Nalina, T; Rahim, ZHA.
Department of Oral Biology; Faculty of Dentistry; University of Malaya; 50603 Kuala Lumpur

26th. Symposium of the Malaysian Society for Microbiology; Langkawi; Kedah; 25-28 November 2004; p54

Abstract:
The crude aqueous of Piper betle (sireh) have been reported to have antibacterial properties towards some of the early colonisers of dental plaque, such as, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus sanguis and Actinomyces viscosus. Its effect on the secondary colonizer, e.g. Streptococcus mutans has not been reported. To date, very little information is available as to the compounds in the Piper betle that are associated with the antibacterial activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the crude aqueous extract of Piper betle on Streptococcus mutans and to determine its active compounds using thin layer chromatography. Antimicrobial activity was assayed using sensitivity test and broth dilution method where the minimal inhibition concentration (MIC) was determined. The compounds in crude aqueous Piper betle were separated using thin layer chromatography with chloroform and methanol as the mobile phase and the antibacterial properties of the separated compounds were determined by bioautography. The sensitivity test showed that the Streptococcus mutans was found to be susceptible to the crude aqueous extract of Piper belle. The diameter of the inhibition zone for concentrations of 5mg/ml and lOmg/ml was found to be 25 ± 0.82 mm and 32 ±0.96 mm, respectively. The MIC value for the extract was found to be 10 mg/ml. Bioautography method showed that some 01 the compounds separated using thin .layer chromatography exhibited antibacterial properties. It can be concluded that the crude aqueous extract of Piper belle may have potential as antiplaque agent.

Availability :
Patahayah




NO. 96172

Field screening of indigenous plants against insect pests of rice


Noriel, LM; Dustin, FMY; Vasquez, EA; Sopsop, GO
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights '97; PCARRD, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; 1998; 167p; Malicsi, LC and Joven, JEA (eds); pp. 64-65

Abstract:
'Kot' (Dioscorea hispida D.), 'asyang (Mikania cordata (Burmn.f.)), 'makabuhai'(Tinospora rumphii Lam.),'lantana' (Lantana camara), 'kakawate (Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steud.) and 'buyo' (piper betle') were screened againts rice bug, stemborer and planthoppers.|Botanically treated plots had lower number of rice bugs with T. rumphii having the highest percent reduction in rice bug population.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96253

Propagation and uses of some medicinal and aromatic plants in the Cordillera


Noble, BF (ed)
Technology Transfer Tips 5 (1): no pagination (1995)

Abstract:
This technology transfer series volume presents information on the propagation and uses of 23 medicinal and aromatic plants in the Cordillera. Plant descriptions and plant parts utilized are likewise discussed.

Availability :
Technical Services-Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Cordillera Administrative Region Loakan Road, Baguio City; Philippines




NO. 15390

Diseases of betel vine.


Silayoi I
Thai Abstracts: Science and Technology 16: 96 (1991)

Abstract:
Betel vine (Piper betle) is one economically important medicinal plants of Thailand. It is widely cultivated in the North-eastern, Eastern and Central parts of the country. However, there are many problems to be overcome before maximum yield can be approached. Disease damage to the crop is one of several known limiting factors. The major disease is foot rot (Phytophthora parasitica); it can cause extremely heavy losses throughout the growing areas. Other diseases are: Rhizoctonia root rot (Rhizotonia solani), Sclerotium wilt (Sclerotium rolfsii), Pythium root rot (Pythium splendens), anthracnose (Colletotrichum dasturii), Phoma leaf spot (Phoma sp.) powdery mildew (Oidium piperis), bacterial leaf spot (Pseudomonas betle), mosaic (Virus) and root knot (Meloidogyne incognita). Effective control measures are also recommended.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 15910

Root rot diseases of Betel vine.


Silayoi, I,; et al
Thai Abstracts Science and Technology. 13: 121 (1988)

Abstract:
Betel vine (Piper betle) is one of the crops which is commonly grown in the central and northeastern parts of Thailand. A full grown vine will yield approximately 40,000 baht income per rai a year. There are many problems to be overcome before maximum yield can be reached. Disease damage to the crop is a one big of several known limiting factors. An important disease of betel vine is root rot caused by Phytophthora parasitica Dast. For instances, it can cause heavy losses, more than 90 per cent, to crop stand in the growing areas. Pathogenicity test of the fungus was also conducted on Piper chaba, P. sarmentosum, P. colubrinum, P. betel var. densum, P. nigrum; all the host plants showed symptoms.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 16616

Inhibitory effect of some medicinal plant extracts on the growth of Ascosphaera apis


Chantawannakul, P.; Puchanichanthranon, T. and Wongsiri, S.
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand. (panuwan@yahoo.com)

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 421. (2003)

Abstract:
Ascosphaera apis is a fungal pathogen causing Chalkbrood disease in honey bee larvae. Chalkbrood is most frequent during damp conditions. Infected larvae turn chalky white color, become hard and then turn black. It can be regarded as 'the most widespread infectious disease' in Thailand and this has led to economic loss in apiculture. A. apis strains were isolated on Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) from the dead honey bee larvae, collected from infected hives in Northern Thailand. The fugal strains were identified as A. apis by their morphology in comparison with the A. apis IFO9831. We aim to find an alternative approach by using medicinal plants in combating and controlling the disease. Studies on the effect of crude medicinal plant extracts, therefore, have been carried out. Dried powdered plants (Allium sativum Linn., Eugenia caryophyllum Bullock&Harrison, Piper betle, Curcuma longa Linn., Illicium verum Hook, Cinnamomum cassia, Rhinacanthus nasutus Kurz, Azadirachta siamensis, Acorus calamus Linn., and Stemona tuberose Lour) were extracted in seven different solvents by incubating for 48 hours. The aqueous extracts in suitable solvent of E. caryophyllum Bullock&Harrison, P. betle, I. verum Hook, C. cassia, A. calamus Linn. and S. tuberose Lou gave inhibitory effect when tested with Thai isolates of Ascosphaera apis. Various concentrations (0.25-10%) of the extract of the six chosen plants were experimented. Cinnamomum cassia and Piper betle (1.5-2% (w/v)) gave the best inhibitory effect on the fungal growth. The further analysis of these active compounds was done by using Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC).

Availability :
Chiang Mai University Library




NO. 16659

Immunomodulating activities of extracts and aromatic oils from thai medicinal plants


Manosroi, J.; Dhumtanom, P.; Jansom, C.; Jainonthee, P.and Manosroi, A.
Pharmaceutical-Cosmetic Raw Materials and Natural Products Research and Development Center (PCRNC), Institute for Science and Technology Research and Development, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50202, Thailand. (pmptiOO6@chiangmai.ac.th)

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 560. (2003)

Abstract:
Immunomodulating activities of extracts and aromatic oils from Thai medicinal plants were tested for in vitro phagocytosis response of mouse macrophages and proliferation assay of mouse lymphochytes from spleen, born marrow and thymocytes. The plant extracts were Turmeric (Curcuma longa, L.), Betel Vine (Piper betle, L.), Peper (Piper nigrum, L.), Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana, Bertoni.), Pueraria mirifica, Butea superba, Pouteria cambodiana, Clausena excavala, Chili Peper (Capsicum frutescens), Carthaginian Apple (Punica granatum, L.), Cassia Bark (Cinnamomum cassia), Noni (Morinda citrifolia, L.) Gynostemma pentaphyllum, Solanum laciniatum Ait, Stephania venosa and the aromatic oils which were Holy Basil (Ocimum sanctum, Linn.), Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum, Linn.) Turrneric (Curcuma longa, L.), Lesser Galanga (Alpinia officinarum), Betel Vine (Piper betel, Linn.), Lemon Grass (Cymbopogon citrates, Stapf), Citronella (Cymbopogon nardus, Rendle), Plai (Zingiber montanum), Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides), Lavender (Lavandula angustifola, P.), Kaffir Lime Leaf (Citrus hystrix, DC) and Blaqk Pepper (Piper nigrum, L.). The results suggested the tendency of in vitro immunomodulating activity of some plant extracts and aromatic oils which can be further developed as active constituents in nutraceutical products.

Availability :
Chiang Mai University Library




NO. 16798

Antimicrobial Activity of Betel Vine (Piper betle Linn.) Extracts in Thailand
Kan okrit yapyang chulisi khong san sakat plu nai prathet Thai.

Dilokkunanant, U.; Mongkolsook, Y.; Kongkathip, N.; Sukattal, U.; Rattanal, W. Rakthaworn, P.
Kasetsart Agricultural and Agro-industrial Product Improvement Institute, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand

The Procedings of 42nd Kasetsart University Annual Conference 2004, Feb 3-6, 2004; Kasetsart University; Bangkok, Thailand.: p090_11. (in CD ROM)

Abstract:
Upon a surveying of betel vine (Piper belle Linn), 74 betel vine samples were put into solvent extractions. Dried leaves of each sample was cold extracted firstly by petroleum ether and followed by ethanol. Antimicrobial activities of the extracts were then tested on 4 microbes; Aspergillus niger, Trichophyton metagrophytes, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus sp., by using Agar Disc Diffusion Method. The results showed that, the extracts from both solvents; petroleum ether and ethanol, gave the highest inhibition activity to T. metagrophytes, followed by S. aureus, A. niger and Streptococcus sp., respectively. It was also found that, the extracts from PiPr 015 (Prachin Buri), and from PiSuK 055 (Sukhothai) showed the highest inhibition activity.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 16790

An in vitro evaluation of Piper betle skin cream as an anti-zoonotic dermatophytes
Kan phattana phu khrim phuea chai nai kan raksa rok phio hnang thi koet chak chueara chueng titto su kan rahwang khon lae sat.

Trakranrumsie, N; Chatchawanchonteera, A; Khunkitti, W
Faculty of Veterinary Science, Mahidol University Salaya Campus, Nakompatom, Thailand; e-mail: N. Trakranrungsie

The Procedings of 42nd Kasetsart University Annual Conference 2004, Feb 3-6, 2004; Kasetsart University; Bangkok, Thailand: p 018_03.(in CD ROM)

Abstract:
Our previous studies suggested the ethanolic extract of Piper betle leaves exhibited antifungal activities with more potency than the extracts of A. galanga and A. ascalonicum. In the present study, the 10% Piper betle skin cream (Plu cream) was formulated, subjected to physical and microbiological control, and tested for the effect against zoonotic derrnatophytes in vitro. The Plu cream, slightly acidic, was dark green in colour with a typical smell of Piper betle leaves. After ten freeze-thaw cycles, the cream was darkening and markedly thickening. Its pH also increased significantly. No bacterial and fungal contamination was detected from the Plu cream samples. The disc diffusion assay revealed comparable zones of inhibition between 80 µg Plu cream disc and 80 µg ketoconazole cream disc against M. cants, M. gypseum, and T. mentagrophyte at 96 h after incubation. Thereafter, the inhibitory effect of Plu cream markedly decreased and completely loss by day 7. Meanwhile, the effect of ketoconazole cream reduced gradually and was still effective against M. cants and T. mentagrophyte after 7 days of incubation. In summary it was suggested that the Plu cream has potential therapeutic value for treatment of dermatophytosis. However, clinical testing as well as improving the Plu crearri formulation with greater efficacy and duration of action would be of interest and await further investigation.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 16819

Antimicrobial Activity of Betel Vine (Piper betle Linn.) Extracts in Thailand
Kan okrit yapyang chulisi khong san sakat plu nai prathet thai.

Dilokkunanant, U; Mongkolsook, Y; Kongkathip, N; Sukattal, U; Rattanal, W; Rakthaworn, P
Kasetsart Agricultural and Agro-industrial Product Improvement Institute, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand

The Proceedings of 42nd Kasetsart University Annual Conference 2004. On 3-6 Feb, 2004; Kasetsart University; Bangkok, Thailand. (in CD-ROM)

Abstract:
Upon a surveying of betel vine (Piper belle Linn), 74 betel vine samples were put into solvent extractions. Dried leaves of each sample was cold extracted firstly by petroleum ether and followed by ethanol. Antimicrobial activities of the extracts were then tested on 4 microbes; Aspergillus niger, Trichophyton metagrophytes, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus sp., by using Agar Disc Diffusion Method. The results showed that, the extracts from both solvents; petroleum ether and ethanol, gave the highest inhibition activity to T. metagrophytes, followed by S. aureus, A. niger and Streptococcus sp., respectively. It was also found that, the extracts from PiPr 015 (Prachin Buri), and from PiSuK 055 (Sukhothai) showed the highest inhibition activity.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 16811

An in vitro evaluation of Piper betle skin cream as an anti-zoonotic dermatophytes
Kan phattana phu khim phuea chai nai kan raksa rok phio hnang thi koet chak ra chueng titto su kan rahwang khon lae sat.

Trakranrumsie, N; Chatchawanchonteera, A; Khunkitti, W
Faculty of Veterinary Science, Mahidol University Salaya Campus, Nakompatom, Thailand; e-mail: N. Trakranrungsie

The Proceedings of 42nd Kasetsart University Annual Conference 2004. On 3-6 Feb, 2004; Kasetsart University; Bangkok, Thailand. (in CD-ROM)

Abstract:
Our previous studies suggested the ethanolic extract of P. belle leaves exhibited antifungal activities with more potency than the extracts of A. galanga and A. ascalonicum. In the present study, the 10% P. belle skin cream (Plu cream) was formulated, subjected to physical and microbiological control, and tested for the effect against zoonotic derrnatophytes in vitro. The Plu cream, slightly acidic, was dark green in colour with a typical smell of P. belle leaves. After ten freeze-thaw cycles, the cream was darkening and markedly thickening. Its pH also increased significantly. No bacterial and fungal contamination was detected from the Plu cream samples. The disc diffusion assay revealed comparable zones of inhibition between 80 µg Plu cream disc and 80 µg ketoconazole cream disc against M. cants, M. gypseum, and T. mentagrophyte at 96 h after incubation. Thereafter, the inhibitory effect of Plu cream markedly decreased and completely loss by day 7. Meanwhile, the effect of ketoconazole cream reduced gradually and was still effective against M. cants and T. mentagrophyte after 7 days of incubation. In summary it was suggested that the Plu cream has potential therapeutic value for treatment of dermatophytosis. However, clinical testing as well as improving the Plu crearri formulation with greater efficacy and duration of action would be of interest and await further investigation.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 74438

Piper betle L.
Trau khong

Le Tran Duc
Trong, hai va dung cay thuoc [Planting, harvesting and using a medicinal plants] 1: 223-224. Agricultural Pub. House. Hanoi. 1984.

Abstract:
Piper betle L. is planted as a chewing plant. Its leaaves can be used to treat a belly ache, achlora, to be burnt, pimles, scabies, a wound. The author also mentioned to the methods of Cultivation and harvesting the medicine.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam