Piper L
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NO. 63682

Processing of pepper berries
Pengolahan buah lada

Anonymous
Sout-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (21); 1988-1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 66084

Preparation of pepper planting
Persiapan penanaman lada

Makruf, E
Bengkulu Agricultural Information Service 36: ?p (1987-1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 39874

Distribution and identification of Meloidogyne spp. in the Philippines and five other Asian countries


Madamba, CP
The Philippine Agriculturist 64 (1): 21-39 (1981)

Abstract:
Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica and Meloidogyne arenaria were identified from cultivated plants collected from 66 different localities in 28 provinces in the Philippines. The most common species were Meloidogyne incognita (64%), Meloidogyne javanica (29%) and Meloidogyne arenaria (7%). Of the Meloidogyne-infected plants were collected in the Philippines 33 species, mainly vegetables (43%), were hosts to Meloidogyne incognita, 17 to Meloidogyne javanica and 4 to Meloidogyne arenaria. Plants infected by Meloidogyne arenaria were sugarcane, dwarf beans (bush sitao), banana and black pepper. Sugarcane was also susceptible to all three nematode species. Some infections occuring in various localities, particularly of Meloidogyne incognita (6 hosts), Meloidogyne arenaria (3 hosts) and Meloidogyne javanica (2 hosts) are reported for the first time. Meloidogyne incognita and Meloidogyne javanica were identified from root-knot nematode- infected plants from Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. On the other hand, Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica and Meloidogyne arenaria were encountered from infected plants from Taiwan, while Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica and Meloidogyne hapla were obtained in Japan. Meloidogyne incognita was the predominant species in Thailand (67%) and Taiwan (76%). Meloidogyne javanica was as prevalent as Meloidogyne incognita in Malaysia and Indonesia. In Thailand, Meloidogyne javanica occured only in the southern upland region. For the region covered in this study, 39 plants species were infected by Meloidogyne incognita, 21 by Meloidogyne javanica, 6 by Meloidogyne arenaria and 2 by Meloidogyne hapla. A host index is included.

Availability :
Main Library; University of the Philippines Los Baños; College; Laguna; Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5362 326, 5362 235; fax: (63) (49) 3673
Email: vga@library.upb.edu.ph




NO. 14317

Antibacterial activity of extracts of Piper betle leaves
Kan suksa rit tan kan charoen toepto to bacteria bang chanit

Thapphayutphichan, P; Dehcatiwong Na Ayutthaya, K; Phongphet, P; Lilaphon, A
Mahidol University; Bangkok; Thailand

Warasan Phesat Witthaya [Thai Journal of Pharmacology] 4 (4): 205-212 (1982)

Abstract:
Among various extracts obtained from betel pepper leaves, volatile oil exhibited the highest inhibitory effect on the growth of 3 species of bacteria tested, i.e. MIC-90 against Staphilococcus aureus at 1.7 ug/ml. Ether and petroleum ether extracts showed less potent activity, i.e. MIC-90 against Staphilococcus aureus at 0.15 and 0.2 mg/ml., respectively. The antibacterial activity was found to be the lowest in water extract.

Availability :
Thailand National Documentation Centre; TISTR; 196 Phahonyothin Road; Bangkok; Thailand; phone: (66) (2) 579 112 130; fax: (66) (2) 561 4771




NO. 15243

Diseases of betel vine


Silayoi, I
Thai Abstracts: Science and Technology 16: 96 (1991)

Abstract:
Betel vine (Piper betle) is one of the economically important medicinal plants of Thailand. It is widely cultivated in the North-eastern, Eastern and Central parts of the country. However, there are many problems to be overcome before maximum yield can be approached. Disease causing damages to the crop is one of several known limiting factors. The major disease is the foot rot (Phytophthora parasitica); it can cause extremely heavy losses throughout the growing areas. Other diseases are: Rhizoctonia root rot (Rhizoctonia solani), Sclerotium wilt (Sclerotium rolfsii), Pythium root rot (Pythium splendens), anthracnose (Colletotrichum dasturii), Phoma leaf spot (Phoma sp.) powdery mildew (Oidium piperis), bacterial leaf spot (Pseudomonas betle), mosaic (Virus) and root knot (Meloidogyne incognita). Effective control measures were also recommended.

Availability :
Thailand National Documentation Centre; TISTR; 196 Phahonyothin Road; Bangkok; Thailand; phone: (66) (2) 579 112 130; fax: (66) (2) 561 4771




NO. 101973

An ethnobotanical review of betel pepper (Piper betle L.)
Telaah etnobotani tanaman sirih (Piper betle L.)

Djumidi; Widiyastuti, Y
Research Institute for Medicinal Crops; Tawangmangu; Central Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 2; p 468-471

Abstract:
"Sirih" (betel pepper, Piper bettle) is used for several purposes, such as medicines or as an offering for ceremonies. Field observation showed that leaves were usually collected from plants grown in private gardens and only a small quantity was bought from the market. The knowledge of processing and using of "sirih" has been practised from generation to generation. The ethnobotany of "sirih" was discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 107780

Antioxidant activity of betel pepper (Piper betle L.) leaves
Aktivitas antioksidan dari daun sirih (Piper betle L.)

Andarwulan, N; Wijaya, CH; Cahyono, DT
Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Teknologi dan Industri Pangan [Technology and Food Industry Bulletin] 7 (1): 29-37 (1996)

Abstract:
Antioxidant extraction from betel pepper leaves was done with ethanol according to the procedure of Hammerschmidt and Pratt (1978). The leaves extracted were green and yellow, fresh and freeze dried, and the aroma was removed by soxhlet and steam distillations. Antioxidant extract had a common specific aroma, i.e. betel pepper leaf aroma, green aroma and ethanol aroma. On the other hand, the extract colours of the green, brown and yellow leaves were significantly different. From the eight different kinds of extract, the one from the green betel pepper leaves extract wich were freeze dried and steam distilled had the highest yield. The extract also had the highest activity of antioxidant (FP 9.83). The highest total phenol (32.71 mg/ml), was obtained from the antioxidant extract from the yellow betel pepper leaves which were freeze dried and extracted with the soxhlet method. The antioxidative activity of the extracts (50, 100 and 200 ppm) were tested in crude soybean oil and refined-bleached-deodorized (RBD) soybean oil held at 60 °C in a light free environment. During storage, the 200 ppm antioxidant extract tested in RBD soybean oil showed the highest antioxidant activity (FP 9.59). The combinations between the 50, 100 and 200 ppm extracts and 0.01, 0.02 and 0.04% citric acid, studied in emulsion linolic and stored at 37 °C, did not have antioxidant effect (negative synergism).

Availability :
Library; Technical Implementation Unit Information Resources; Bogor Agricultural University; Kampus IPB Darmaga; Bogor 16610; Indonesia; P.O. Box 199; phone: (62) (251) 621 073; fax: (62) (251) 621 073




NO. 101989

Cultural study on the ancestral people in utilizing medicinal plants in the villages of West Java
Menggali budaya orang tua tempo dulu dalam memanfaatkan tumbuhan obat di pedesaan Jawa Barat

Ajijah, N; Iskandar, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 1; p 61-70

Abstract:
Plants have been used in traditional medicines since a long time ago. The medicinal knowledge was inherited from generation to generation. In Sundanese ethnic group some plants are used for healing diseases and for body care. This information was taken from a case study in the rural area of Maja subdistrict, Majalengka district and from Darmaraja subdistrict, Sumedang district, West Java.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 20504

Phytophthora cinnamomi: A new patogen on cloves in Peninsular Malaysia


Lee, BS
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia

MARDI Research Bulletin 2 (2): 26-30 (1974)

Abstract:
Phytophthora cinnamomi was recently isolated from necrotic root tissues of 2-year-old die-back cloves; this being the first record of the fungus on clove plants. Laboratory studies indicated that chlamydospores were freely produced in artificial culture media although sporangia were only sparingly produced in LBA and OMA at 25 °C. Sporangial production could be easily induced, however, when culture discs from young colonies were placed in either soil extract, petri solution or distilled water. The ability of the fungus to form oospores with an A1 isolate of Phytophthora palmivora from black-pepper indicated that the present isolate belonged to the A2 compatibility type. Results obtained from a series of inoculation studies showed high susceptibility of unripe cocoa and rubber pods as well as avocado seedlings and fruits to the fungus. The importance of these findings in relation to cocoa, rubber and avocado cultivation in Malaysia was briefly discussed.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Jalan FRIM, Kepong Karung Berkunci 201, 52109 Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaysia; phone: (60) (3) 627 42633; fax: (60) (3) 627 65531
Email: philip@frim.gov.my




NO. 24522

Development of new types of essential oils from some Malaysian plants for industrial uses


Ibrahim, J
Pharmacy Department; National University of Malaysia; Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

Eight Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants, Spices and Other Natural Products, 12- 16 June 1994, Malacca; Malaysia

Abstract:
In the study to exploit the tropical rainforest plants as potential sources of new types of essential oils, some species of the following genera were investigated: Dipterocarpus, Cinnamomum, Litsea, Lindera, Xylopia, Piper, Citrus, Clausena, Gaultheria, and Leptospermum. The chemical cmpositions and biological properties of the oils were determined . Efforts were also undertaken to develop technologies to process aromatic plants on a large scale and production of finished products from the oils such as perfumes, insect repellents, analgesic liniments and herbal shampoos. The results of these studies encouraged further work into the development of 'rainforest products' and domestication of the wild aromatic plants into plantation crops for essential oil production.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Jalan FRIM, Kepong Karung Berkunci 201, 52109 Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaysia; phone: (60) (3) 627 42633; fax: (60) (3) 627 65531
Email: philip@frim.gov.my




NO. 24105

Essential oils of selected Malaysian plants and their potential uses


Ibrahim, J; Abu Said, A; Abdul Rashih, A; Nor Azah, MA; Zaridah, MZ; Azizol, AK
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kepong; Selangor; Malaysia

Conference on Forestry and Forest Products Research, 3-4 October 1995; Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kepong; Selangor; 1995

Abstract:
The essential oils of several Malaysian plant species (Dipterocarpus, Cinnamomum, Litsea, Lindera, Piper, Citrus, Clausena, Gaultheria and Leptospermum) were investigated for their chemical and biological properties. The oils were mainly complex mixtures of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, except for those of some Cinnamomum and Gaultheria species which were made up mainly of one constituent. Lethality bioassays of the oils revealed that the oils of Litsea elliptica and Piper aduncum were highly toxic to mosquito larvae and benzyl benzoate-containing oils of some Cinnamomum species were highly toxic to brine shrimp. The oils of Litsea elliptica, Cymbopogon nardus and Cinnamomum mollissimum showed high repellency effect against adult female mosquito of Aedes aegypti. The oils were used as main ingredients in the development of herbal products such as perfumes, analgesic ointments and liniments, and insect repellent creams and lotions.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Jalan FRIM, Kepong Karung Berkunci 201, 52109 Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaysia; phone: (60) (3) 627 42633; fax: (60) (3) 627 65531
Email: philip@frim.gov.my




NO. 23891

Growth and productivity of Piper nigrum var. Kuching under different planting systems of Liberica coffee


Chong, WS; Yau, PY
Miscellaneous Crops Research Division; MARDI; Kluang; Johore; Malaysia

Teknologi Pelbagai Tanaman [Miscellaneous Crops Technology] 1: 63-70 (1985)

Abstract:
A field experiment was conducted to study the effect of planting systems on the growth and yield of pepper (Piper nigrum L. var. Kuching). Five planting systems, namely, the Bush Method, Hedgerow, Herringbone, Low Trellis and Tall Trellis were compared with the Traditional system. All pepper vines in the Bush system of planting were significantly shorter than those grown on supports in the other systems. The vines showed no significant difference in canopy spread under all planting systems. During the first 18 months of growth, no significant difference in stem diameter was detected between vines in all of the planting systems. Measurement of stem diameter of matured vines showed that the Tall Trellis and Traditional systems had vines with larger stem diameter than those grown on low or no support of the other planting systems. The highest yield per vine was obtained from the Traditional system followed by the Tall Trellis system. They produced significantly higher yields than those grown on low supports. The Bush system produced the least yield. Based on per hectare basis, the most economical system was the Tall Trellis. The Traditional system only gave a marginal profit while the other planting systems using low or no supports incurred heavy losses in net returns.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Jalan FRIM, Kepong Karung Berkunci 201, 52109 Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaysia; phone: (60) (3) 627 42633; fax: (60) (3) 627 65531
Email: philip@frim.gov.my




NO. 37141

Multiple cropping in Silang, Cavite


Grecia, DH
Greenfields 10 (12): 13-16 (1980)

Abstract:
The article presented in detail the multiple cropping system adopted by Mr. Juan Baon, a farmer in Silang, Cavite. Baon intercropped pineapple with papaya, coffee, banana, and gabi. Baon's farming system, as discussed in the article, was common to Silang farmers. Other crops planted were coconut and black pepper. Also presented was an estimated breakdown of input and output of multiple cropping per hectare for the first two years in Cavite (for 1980), and an estimated average input and output on multiple cropping in Cavite based on Cropping Pattern II in 1979-1980. Total gross income and net income estimated from the first two years of multiple cropping were 48,260 and 25,547 pesos, respectively.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD); Los Baños; Laguna; Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5360 014 - 20; fax: (63) (49) 5360 016
Email: pcarrd@pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 50291

Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 16. Stimulants


van der Vossen, HAM (ed); Wessel, M (ed)
Steenuil 18; 1606 CA Venhuizen; the Netherlands

Low-price, paperback edition; Bogor; PROSEA Foundation; 2000; 201 p

Abstract:
This volume deals with the plants of South-East Asia that are cultivated or collected from the wild for their stimulating properties. Three types of stimulant plants may be distinguished, based on their general use: plants used to make beverages, masticatory plants and plants for smoking. The beverage plants include coffee, tea, cocoa and mat‚: their dried or processed seeds or leaves are used to make infusions. Most people drink tea or coffee, or both, on a daily basis to banish fatigue and refresh the mind, but South-East Asians drink more tea than coffee. The masticatory plants include areca nut and kola: the stimulating effect is obtained by chewing the fresh or dried seed. These plants are primarily of regional importance and often also have cultural and social functions. Finally, there are plants for smoking, such as tobacco: its leaves are dried and processed for smoking. Although opposition to tobacco consumption is growing in Europe and North America, because of the potential harm to public health, tobacco consumption is still on the increase in Asia. In this volume, 20 major stimulant species are treated in 17 papers and there are brief descriptions of 34 species of minor importance. A further 250 species with a secondary use as a stimulant or in association with stimulants are also listed. The introductory chapter deals with general aspects of stimulant plants. A glossary is included to explain the terms used. Two indexes, of scientific and vernacular plant names, are provided.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 50288

Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 13. Spices


de Guzman, CC (ed); Siemonsma, JS (ed)
Department of Horticulture; College of Agriculture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; the Philippines

Low-price, paperback edition; Bogor; PROSEA Foundation; 1999; 400 p

Abstract:
This volume deals with the spices of South-East Asia. Spices are defined as those aromatic plants and their parts, fresh or dried, whole or ground, that are primarily used to impart flavour and fragrance to foods and drinks. The term is used in a wide sense and includes the culinary herbs. The volume complements the PROSEA volume 'Essential-oil plants' that deals with aromatic plants whose main use is for the extraction and use of essential oils. Spices are indispensable in the culinary art, used to create dishes that reflect the history, the culture and the geography of a country. Well-known examples are curry powder, houng-liu (five-spice powder), pizza herbs and 'fines herbes'. Spices, spice oils and spice oleoresins are also indispensable in the food and beverage manufacturing industry, the perfumery and cosmetic industry and the pharmaceutical industry. Some spices and derivatives possess antioxidant and antibiotic properties, which has increased interest in the commercial exploitation of aromatic plants for food preservation and crop protection. With the growing demand for natural and organic products and the increasing clamour to dispense with synthetic flavours and artificial food colouring, the future for spices seems bright. In this volume, 61 important spices are treated in 50 papers, and 65 species of minor importance are described briefly. A further 150 species, not primarily but secondarily used as a spice, are listed. The introductory chapter deals with general aspects of spices. A glossary is included to explain the terms used. Two indexes, of scientific and vernacular plant names, are provided.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 66379

Comparison of transpiration rate and stomatal density and some leaf features in black pepper, clove, cinnamon and nutmeg


Darwati, I; de Guzman, CC; Hasanah, M; Rachmat, EM
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 1 (1): 31-36 (1992)

Abstract:
A comparative study on transpiration rate and stomata and leaf features was made on the following spice crops: black pepper (Piper nigrum), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum, syn. Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and nutmeg (Myristica fragrans). Black pepper exhibited the highest rate of transpiration, followed in decreasing rate by clove, cinnamon and nutmeg. Values of stomatal density did not parallel the trend observed in transpiration rates, black pepper exhibiting one of lowest and cinnamon the highest stomatal density. This observation was essentially not altered even if stomatal count was determined on per unit leaf basis. Stomatal pore length was shortest in clove and longest in cinnamon, intermediate values were obtained for nutmeg and black pepper. Among the leaf parameters measured, only specific leaf area showed some positive bearing with transpiration rate. Scanning electron micrographs revealed detailed stomata and leaf features which could account for the variation in transpiration rates of the four spice crops.

Availability :
Pusat Dokumentasi dan Informasi Ilmiah - LIPI [Scientific Documentation and Information Centre; Indonesian Institute of Sciences]; Jl. Jend. Gatot Subroto 10; Jakarta 12190; Indonesia; phone: (62) (21) 5733 465, 5250 719, 5251 063; fax: (62) (21) 5733 467
Email: info@pdii.lipi.co.id, admin@pdii.lipi.co.id




NO. 101984

Cultural wisdom in the traditional therapy of the society in South Western part of Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara
Kearifan budaya dalam tradisi pengobatan orang Sumbawa Barat Daya, Nusa Tenggara Barat

Darnaedi, SY; Rodani
Foundation for Indonesian Biological Science Building; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 1; p 20-28

Abstract:
The state of knowledge of medicinal plants and healing processes in the society who lives in the southwestern part of Sumbawa are closely associated with their culture and their perception on health and healthy. The justification on what is called "ill" and "drug" is obviously related to their believe and religion. "Sanro" is a person considered to have high-healing ability, whereas "tamang" is a person considered to have a healing ability for babies and women after giving birth. Plants used and their healing processes were discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 14979

Effects of Thai plant extracts on the oriental fruit fly


Areekul, S; Sinchaisri, P; Tigvatananon, S
Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand

Witthayasan Kasetsart Sakha Witthayasart [The Kasetsart Journal: Natural Sciences] 21 (4): 395-407 (1987)

Abstract:
Extracts of plant materials were prepared by employing three procedures, namely the cold-rolling, the soxhlet extraction and the water distillation methods. Three hundred and three extracts from 165 species of plants were tested against two-day-old adult oriental fruit flies using the mist spray at the rate of 1 g equivalent each. Extracts from plant parts which demonstrated moderately high to high toxicities were rhizomes of Alpinia officinarum, fruit skin of Annona squamosa, whole plant of Artemisia pallens, fruit of Croton tiglium, branches of Diospyros philippensis, whole plants of Euphorbia tirucalli, leaves of Nicotiana tabacum, leaves and branches of Pedilanthus tithymaloides, black seed of Piper nigrum, flowers of Tithonia diversifolia, grey rhizome of Zingiber officinale, and rhizome of 'changkhan' and 'phrataba'. Moderate toxicity effect was observed from extracts of Areca catechu nuts, leaves and branches of Azadirachta indica var. siamensis, fruit skin of Citrus sinensis, and roots of Stemona tuberosa. Mild toxicity was detected from extracts of Acorus calamus rhizomes, bulbs of Allium sativum, leaves of Alstonia macrophylla, seeds of Amomum cardamomum, whole plant of Anethum graveolens, roots of Artemisia vulgaris, roots of Chrysanthemum coronarium, rhizomes of Curcuma comosa, leaves and flowers of Euphorbia pulcherrima, fruit skin of Garcinia mangostana, rhizomes of Gastrochilus panduratus, flowers of Gomphrena globosa, leaves and flowers of Jussiaea linifolia, leaves of Lactuca sativa, leaves of Piper betle, leaves of Paederia foetida, leaves and flowers of Sphaeranthus africanus, leaves of Stephania hernandifolia, and rhizomes of Thunbergia laurifolia. Among unidentified plant species, rhizomes of 'khothongkae', 'khropchakkawan', 'phetma', 'plalai-yai', and 'sabu-thong' were under this catagory.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 50723

Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Spach


Jansen, PCM
Prosea Publication Office, Department of Plant Sciences, Wageningen Agricultural University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, the Netherlands

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices; de Guzman, C.C. & Siemonsma, J.S. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 259

Abstract:
A brief information on Persicaria hydropiper (Synonyms: Polygonum flaccidum, Persicaria gracile, Persicaria hydropiper), reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50726

Piper aduncum L.


Jansen, PCM
Prosea Publication Office, Department of Plant Sciences, Wageningen Agricultural University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, the Netherlands

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices; de Guzman, C.C. & Siemonsma, J.S. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 260

Abstract:
A brief information on Piper aduncum (Synonyms: Artanthe adunca, Piper angustifolium, Piper elongatum), reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50727

Piper caninum Blume


Jansen, PCM
Prosea Publication Office, Department of Plant Sciences, Wageningen Agricultural University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, the Netherlands

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices; de Guzman, C.C. & Siemonsma, J.S. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 261

Abstract:
A brief information on Piper caninum (Synonyms: Piper banksii, Piper lauterbachii, Piper macrocarpum), reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50728

Piper lolot C. DC.


Jansen, PCM
Prosea Publication Office, Department of Plant Sciences, Wageningen Agricultural University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, the Netherlands

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices; de Guzman, C.C. & Siemonsma, J.S. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 261

Abstract:
A brief information on Piper lolot, reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50729

Piper sarmentosum Roxb. ex Hunter


Jansen, PCM
Prosea Publication Office, Department of Plant Sciences, Wageningen Agricultural University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, the Netherlands

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices; de Guzman, C.C. & Siemonsma, J.S. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 261

Abstract:
A brief information on Piper sarmentosum (Synonyms: Chavica sarmentosa), reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50776

Piper L.


Utami, D; Jansen, PCM
Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Biology, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, P.O. Box 30, Purwokerto 53122, Indonesia

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices; de Guzman, C.C. & Siemonsma, J.S. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 183-189

Abstract:
A comprehensive knowledge on Piper, reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 50777

Piper nigrum L.


de Waard, PWF; Anunciado, IS
Vliegheiweg 7, 1272 PH Huizen, the Netherlands

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices; de Guzman, C.C. & Siemonsma, J.S. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 189-194

Abstract:
A comprehensive knowledge on Piper nigrum (Synonyms: Piper aromaticum), reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 71334

Indigofera tinctoria, Kalanchoe pinnata, Euphorbia sp., and Piper betle
Thanh dai, Tuoc bong, Thuoc dau, Trau khong

Do Tat Loi
Association for Scientific and Technical Diffusion of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam

Nhung cay thuoc va vi thuoc Viet nam [Medicinal plants and medicaments in Vietnam]; Vol 6; Hanoi, Sciences Publishing House, 1965; p 169-180

Abstract:
Bryophyllum pinnatum, Euphorbia sp., Indigofera tinctoria and Piper betle are used to treat wound, hemostatic, dermatosis and other diseases.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71272

The plants that must be stored before eating
Cay phai su ly truoc khi an

Department of Military Supplies

So tay rau rung [Notebook of forest vegetables], Publishing House of Army, Hanoi, 1971; p 182-253

Abstract:
Information on 36 species of plants that must be stored before eating in the forest of Vietnam is presented.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71504

Introduction to some exported plants
Gioi thieu mot so cay trong xuat khau

Nguyen Ky Tam
Department of Industrial plants, Ministry of Agriculture, Hanoi, Vietnam

Agricultural Publishing House, Hanoi 1975; 123 p

Abstract:
Introduction in brief to economic value, productivity, development situation in Vietnam and in the other parts of the world, export standards, some cultivation methods and processing of some industrial plants is presented.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71375

Piperaceae
Ho ho tieu

Le Kha Keao
Cay co thuong thay o Vietnam [Popular plants in Vietnam]; Vol 3; Hanoi, Scientific and Technical Publishing House, 1973; p 190-196

Abstract:
Introduction to the genera Peperomia and Piper (Piperaceae) commonly growing in Vietnam is presented. The root of Piper betle is used as a medicine to treat rheumatism.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 14224

Make it in Thailand-medicinal plant products


Office of the Prime Minister
Bangkok, Office of the Prime Minister, 1988; 27 p

Abstract:
Brief information on medicinal plants with export statistics was reviewed.

Availability :
Thailand National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 14290

Quality of medicinal plants and spices of Thailand
Khunnaphap khong samun phrai lae khuang thet khong thai

Dieknammakun, W
Faculty of Pharmacy, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Kan sammana rung kan fun fu phut samun phrai phua sangkhom Thai [Conference Papers on Resuscitation of Medicinal Plants for Thai Society], 13-14 January 1994, National Research Council, Bangkok; p 24-31

Abstract:
A study was carried out on the quality comparison of medical constituents such as piperine, curcuminoid, capsaicin, plaunotol, sennoside, colchicine and glucomannan from various plant varieties.

Availability :
PROSEA Thailand Country Office, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research
Email: daranp@mozart.inet.co.th




NO. 102005

Medicinal plant utilization to treat headache in South Sulawesi and East Kalimantan areas
Penggunaan tanaman obat sebagai pengobatan sakit kepala di daerah Sulawesi Selatan dan Kalimantan Timur

Pudjiastuti; Sa'roni; Nuratni, B
Research and Development Centre for Pharmacy, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 1; p 183-190

Abstract:
A survey had been conducted to find out species of plants for curing headache in South Sulawesi and East Kalimantan. This survey was a result of an exploration by means of interview with local citizen and the assistance of local university students. It was based upon the last two weeks headache cured with medicinal plant preparation. Conclusion of the survey showed that there were 17 kinds of plant used to alleviate headache, i.e. "turi", "srikaya", "sirsak", "bawang merah", "belimbing wuluh", "sembung", "kesumba", "sampi", "saldo", "cocor bebek", "beluntas", "sirih", "pisang", "bang bangkara", "raja bangun", "raja membangun" and "bangle". The medicinal plants, the recipes, and the way to use them were different in both provinces.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 14298

Toxicity test of some Thai medicinal plants against cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus)
Kan thot sop khwam pen phit khong phut samunphrai bang chanit to duang thua- kheo (Callosobruchus maculatus)

Sunwira, M; Phakhangth, W; Soithong, K
Faculty of Agricultural Technology, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Lat Krabang, Bangkok, Thailand

Kan sammana rung kan fun fu phut samun phrai phua sangkhom Thai [Conference Papers on Resuscitation of Medicinal Plants for Thai Society], 13-14 January 1994, National Research Council, Bangkok; p F1-F10

Abstract:
Twenty-three species of Thai medicinal plants were tested for their toxicity in a laboratory with cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus) by using 0.4 g of ground medicinal plants per 10 g of mungbeen seeds. Castor bean (Ricinus communis) were shown to be the highest in controlling cowpea weevil, all eggs could not hatch definitely. It followed by black pepper (Piper nigrum), neem tree (Azadirachta indica), and garlic (Allium sativum) which show the hatching of 26-28%.

Availability :
PROSEA Thailand Country Office, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research
Email: daranp@mozart.inet.co.th




NO. 69105

Java tea, Javanese long pepper and 'tempuyung'
Kumis kucing, cabe jawa dan tempuyung

Moko, H; Rosita, SMD
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC), Bogor, Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Issue of the Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 9 (1): 25-29 (1993)

Abstract:
A series of research on Plant Growth Regulators (PGR) on certain medicinal crops (Orthosiphon aristatus, Piper retrofractum, Sonchus wightianus (synonym: Sonchus arvensis) although still limited in quality, has provided valuable information. At present the objective of the studies on PGR was to increase crop productivity and to find out the appropriate kinds and their concentrations to stimulate the growth of cuttings of some crops. Some of them have shown positive influence in stimulating rootings and consequently productivity of the crops.

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication
Email: pustaka@calrec-aard.wasantara.net.id




NO. 71246

Insecticides from plants
Thuoc tru sau bang cay co

Le Truong
Hanoi, Scientific Publishing House, 1967; 59 p

Abstract:
The author introduces 12 plants which can be used to produce insecticides. Methods of producing insecticides from these plants are discussed.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 101954

Traditional utilization of plants by Oemasi society living in unirrigated field of savanna in Timor
Pemanfaatan tanaman secara tradisional oleh masyarakat peladang Oemasi penghuni savana Timor

Widiyono, W; Waluyo, EB
Research and Development Institute for Botany, Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB), Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 2; p 363-371

Abstract:
The main profession of Oemasi people are farmers. There are two types of agriculture in their village: shifting and permanent cultivation. Farmers living in Timor savanna utilized plants traditionally for food, clothes, shelters, houses, fodder, fences and even in cultural events.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 108737

Evaluation of the uses of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), galangal (Kaempferia galanga L.), black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) as materials to protect mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) seeds against bean weevil (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)
Evaluasi penggunaan kunyit (Curcuma longa L.), kencur (Kaempferia galanga L.), lada (Piper nigrum L.) dan neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) sebagai bahan pelindung dari biji kacang hijau (Vigna radiata L.) terhadap serangan bubuk kacang (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)

Agus, YH
Satya Wacana Christian University, Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biologi XV [Proceedings of the 15th National Seminar on Biology], Bandar Lampung, 24-26 Juli 1997; Karyanto, A et al (eds); Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia (PBI) Bandar Lampung - Unila, Book III, 1997; p 1306-1308

Abstract:
A study was undertaken to compare the effects of turmeric (flakes and powder), galangal rhizomes (flakes and powder), black pepper (whole grains and powder), and neem seeds (powder), on the number of eggs laid per female, male longevity, female longevity, number of window formations and number of emerged adults of Callosobruchus chinensis. The natural products were tested at a concentration of 2% of 100 bean weight of mungbean. The results showed that all natural products used had a significant effect in reducing the number of eggs laid per female on beans, the number of window formations (indicating hatching of eggs and subsequent larval development) and number of adults emerged. Except for whole grains of black pepper, there were significant differences on male longevity. Black pepper powder was shown to have affected female longevity as well.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 80005

Perennials in reforestation: the economic aspects of some alternative agroforestry systems


van Dijk, MP
Working Paper No. 15, Kali Konto Project, 1987; 34p

Abstract:
A large number of species is treated individually describing yield, prices, processing, problems and prospects, and recommendations. Data are mainly from literature with occasional information from the Konto river area.

Availability :
Library; International Agricultural Centre (IAC); Lawickse Allee 11, P. O. Box 88, 6700 AB Wageningen, the Netherlands; phone: (31) (0) 317 495 495; fax: (31) (0) 317 495 395
Email: iac@iac.agro.nl




NO. 92815

Deterrent effect of yellow ginger (Curcuma longa L.), betel (Piper betle L.) and sweet-flag (Acorus calamus L.) extracts on feeding and oviposition behaviour of some insect pests of cotton


Solsoloy, A; Morallo-Rejesus, B
Cotton Research Journal 1 (2): 135-145 (1988)

Abstract:
The deterrent effect of the crude and partially purified extracts of Curcuma longa, Piper betle, and Acorus calamus on the feeding and oviposition of cutworm and bollworm was investigated from September 1984 to February 1985 at the CRDI Crop Production Laboratory, Batac, Ilocos Norte, Philippines. The crude extracts of the test plants were effective antifeedant against cutworm but decreased with older instars. Larvae reared on extracts-treated leaves were smaller that those in the control. Acorus calamus had the highest larvae mortality. A lesser antifeedant effect of the crude extracts was observed on boll-worm. Larvae that fed on extracts-treated bolls has lesser fresh weight with highest mortality after five feedings. There was no effect on the extracts on adult emergence but their eggs hatched late. Fractions 2 and 3 of Acorus calamus eluted by carbon tetrachloride and acetone, respectively, were the most effective antifeedant against the fourth instar cutworm larvae. The petroleum ether-derived extract of Piper betle stimulated oviposition but its volatile oil and the petroleum ether-derived oil of Acorus calamus completely inhibited oviposition of boll-worm.

Availability :
Library; Post Harvest Training and Research Center (PHTRC); University of the Philippines Los Baños; College; Laguna; Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5363 138, 5362 444; fax: (63) (49) 5363 259
Email: kfy@mudspring.uplb.edu.ph




NO. 15384

Effect of Thai plant extracts on the oriental fruit fly I. Toxicity test.


Areekul, S; Sinchaisri, P; Tigvatananon, S
Thai Abstracts: Science and Technology 16: 92-93 (1991)

Abstract:
Extracts of plant materials were prepared by employing three procedures, namely coldrolling, soxhlet extraction and water distillation methods. Three hundred and three extracts from 165 species of plants were tested against two-day-old adult Oriental fruit flies using the mist spray at the rate of one gram equivalent each. Extracts from plant parts which demonstrated moderately high to high toxicities were rhizomes of Alpinia officinarum, fruit skin of Annona squamosa, whole plants of Artemisia pallens, fruits of Croton tiglium, branches of Diospyros blancoi, whole plants of Euphorbia tirucalli, leaves of Nicotiana tabacum, leaves and branches of Pedilanthus tithymaloides, black seeds of Piper nigrum, flowers of Tithonia diversifolia, rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, and rhizomes of Chang Kan and Phra Taba. Moderate toxicity effect was observed from extracts of nuts of Areca catechu, leaves and branches of Azadirachta indica fruit skin of Citrus sinensis, and roots of Stemona tuberosa. Mild toxic potency was detected from extracts of rhizomes of Acorus calamus, bulbs of Allium sativum, leaves of Alstonia macrophylla, seeds of Amomum cardamomum, whole plants of Anetum graveolens, roots of Artemisia vulgaris, roots of Chrysanthemum coronarium, rhizomes of Curcuma comosa, leaves and flowers of Euphorbia pulcherrima, fruit skin of Garcinia mangostana, rhizomes of Gastrochilus panduratus, flowers of Gomphrena globosa, leaves and flowers of Jussiaea linifolia, leaves of Lactuca sativa, leaves of Piper betel, leaves of Poederia foetida, leaves and flowers of Sphaeranthus africanus, leaves of Stephania hernandifolia, and rhizomes of Thunbergia laurifia. Among unidentified plant species, of Kho-Thong-Kae, Klob-Jak-Ka-Wan, Petch-Ma, Plalai-Yai, and Saboo-Thong were under this category.

Availability :
Thailand National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 108577

Diversity and potential of aromatic plants used as traditional medicines in West Java
Keanekaragaman dan potensi tanaman aromatik yang digunakan sebagai bahan obat tradisional di Jawa Barat

Ramlan, A
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Padjajaran University, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Nasional I; Tumbuhan Obat dan Aromatik [Proceedings of the 1st National Symposium on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants]; Bogor, 10-12 Oktober 1995; D. Gandawidjaja et al (eds), Bogor, Simpul Nasional APINMAP Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI & UNESCO; 1996; p 544-550

Abstract:
The potential and diversity of aromatic plants in Java have been studied. Some aromatic plants are also used in traditional medicine. It was noted that 13 species are cultivated in plantations, namely clove (Syzygium aromaticum), ginger (Zingiber officinale), lengkuas (Alpinia galanga), turmeric (Curcuma longa), galangale (Kaempferia galanga), pepper (Piper nigrum), nutmeg (Myristica fragrans), cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmanni), cardamon (Amomum cardamomum), patchouly (Pogostemon cablin), vanilla (Vanilla planifolia), citronella grass (Andropogon nardus), and cananga (Canangium odoratum). Other planted species are green "gandapura" (Gaultheria leucocarpa), cemara kipas/pinus (Thuja orientalis), cempaka (Michelia champaka), sedap malam flower (Polianthes tuberosa), melati/jasmine (Jasminum sambac), lokat mala (Artemisia vulgaris), coriander (Coriandrum sativum).

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 102006

Several medicinal plants for after childbirth in Pengasih village Kulon Progo
Beberapa tumbuhan obat penyusun jamu setelah melahirkan di Desa Pengasih Kulon Progo

Joko, WP; Sugiarso, S; Widiyastuti, Y; Djumidi
Research Institute for Medicinal Crop, Tawangmangu, Solo, Central Java, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Book 1; p 196-197

Abstract:
At present in Pengasih village, Kulonprogo, childbirth process is not a frightening process anymore for health facilities i.e. childbirth hospitals, midwifes and drugs are sufficiently available. Midwifes have among other been helping in the child birth process. Nevertheless, many people are sufficiently available in Pengasih still use medicinal plants in form of jamu to maintain health condition, particularly for mothers who have just gave birth and for their babies. The kinds of "jamu" traditional medicinal plants and its efficacy are discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 101980

Study on plant utilization by Wana tribe in the Morowali nature reserve area, Central Sulawesi
Kajian pemanfaatan tumbuhan oleh suku Wana di Kawasan cagar alam Morowali, Sulawesi Tengah

Mansur, M; Waluyo, EB; Joeni S, R
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB), LIPI, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Book 2; p 511-519

Abstract:
"Wana" is one of the communities residing in the Morowali Nature Reserve, Central Sulawesi. This forest reserve is perhaps the richest in terms of its flora and fauna in Sulawesi which is still unexplored. The ethnobotanical study was conducted at Kampung Kayu Poli in June 1994. "Wana" lives inside the park, forming small villages which are surrounded by tropical dense forest. Therefore, they have developed a close intimacy with this natural resources for their existence and livelihood. It was found that a great diversity of plants and animals have been utilized by the local people for various purposes such as food, medicine, shelter, agricultural tools etc. The information was gathered from local people and headmen of villages during field trips. A floristic inventory revealed that there were 57 wild species and 25 species of cultivated plants. Annonaceae, Sapotaceae, and Arecaceae were noted as the most plant families used by "Wan". This paper also stresses the urgent need for conservation of this valuable biological resource.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 101503

Effect of weed residue: intensity of BPB disease and antagonistic fungi population
Pengaruh residu asal gulma; intensitas penyakit BPB dan populasi jamur antagonis

Hasanh
Indonesian Phytopathological Society, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and Scientific Seminar of the Indonesian Phytopathological Society], Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Book II; p 960-965

Abstract:
The residual effect of four weed spicies, Setaria palmifolia, Euphorbia hirta, Panicum indicum and Ageratum conyzoides a mix of the four and no weed treatment as control were used to suppress the growth of pepper foot rot caused by Phytophthora capsici. The study took place in Natar Substation for the Spices and Medicinal Plant Research. To save things, an inventory of antagonistic fungi was also conducted as the premise was that the weed must have antagonistic fungi to be spectacular in inhibiting the disease. It was found that the weed Setaria palmifolia as the best weed to suppress the disease, containing 10 antagonistic fungi out of 18 found on it, while the others were fungal-infested by the following composition: Euphorbia hirta, eight antagonistic out of 12 found; Ageratum conyzoides, three out of nine antagonistic out of six found, and the no weed control contained eight fungal population, all of them were antagonistic.

Availability :
Library of Lembang Research Institute for Horticulture; Bandung; Indonesia




NO. 101218

Exploration, characterization, evaluation and conservation of medicinal plant germplasms
Eksplorasi, karakterisasi, evaluasi dan pelestarian plasma nutfah tanaman obat

Rostiana, O; Abdullah, A; Haryudin, W; Aisyah, S
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC), Bogor, Indonesia

Koleksi dan karakterisasi plasma nutfah pertanian [Collection and characterization of agricultural germplasm]; Review hasil dan program penelitian plasma nutfah pertanian, Bogor, 26-27 Juli 1994; Sunihardi (ed); Musaddad, A (ed); Ruhendi (ed); Jakarta, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 1994; p 193-208

Abstract:
The availability of superior plant materials is the main factor in developing plant cultivation. Therefore collection of germplasms as genetic resources, followed by characterization, utilization and conservation is needed. Among the medicinal plants, Zingiberaceae, Piperaceae and Umbelliferae are the most useful groups. An exploration was carried out and the following were collected 10 types of East-Indian galangal, 9 types of betel vein, 3 types of turmeric, 13 types of long pepper and 2 types of fennel. Characterization of three East-Indian Galangal types showed that Cileungsi Besar is the most superior type with the highest production (62.23 g/hill) than the others. Cepogo sweet fennel, with the production of 190.4 g dry seed/hill, had a better characteristic of yield component than that of Manoko, seems to be a potential type to be developed. Among 13 types of long pepper collected from the production area on Madura island and the province of Lampung, there were no variation on morphological characters, except for their chemical constituents. Characterization of 6 collection numbers of betel vein gave a morphological variation in stem and leaf characters. These result, indicate that information on characteristics of potential medicinal plants have not been completed yet. Therefore further studies are needed.

Availability :
Indonesian Biotechnology Research Institute for Estate Crops, Library
Email: briec@indo.net.id




NO. 101998

Usage of plant parts as traditional healing matter in Bojong Galing village, Sukabumi regency
Penggunaan bagian-bagian tumbuhan sebagai bahan pengobatan tradisional di desa Bojong Galing, Kabupaten Sukabumi

Hidayat, RS
Technical Executing Unit of Institute for the Development of Botanical Gardens, LIPI, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 1; p 138-144

Abstract:
Indonesia has many kinds of medicinal plants. A study on medicinal plants used by of Bojong Galing people was made by means of interviews. This study involved the elders and public figures of the community to find out their knowledge on both wild and cultivated plants used as medicine in that village. It was found that about 60 plant species were commonly used by the people for medicinal purposes. The most common part of plant used in medicine preparation was leaves (55%).

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 67364

Mentha
Mentha

Hadipoentyanti, E; Martono, B; Rukmana, D
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat; Bogor, Indonesia

Perkembangan Penelitian Plasma Nuftah Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Advances in Research on Spice and Medicinal Plant Germplasms] 8 (2): 65-72 (1992)

Abstract:
In research on mentha germplasm, description of complete characters including agronomic evaluation is important to find out the potency of each variety. This information is not only useful for obtaining new varieties, they are a pre-requisite for releasing new varieties. On the 5 described mentha there are inferior and superior characters. Tempaku variety has high menthol content but the production and oil content are low. Menthol content of Ryokubi variety is less than Tempaku, but its productivity and oil content are higher. Javanica's productivity as well as oil content and menthol content are very low, but the habit is erect and strong. This variety shows lodging resistance.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 69104

Peppermint and patchouly
Mentha dan nilam

Wahab, MI; Rachmat, EM
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC), Bogor, Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Issue of Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 9 (1): 20-24 (1993)

Abstract:
Peppermint and patchouly have good prospects for export and for increasing farmers' income. Some attemps for increasing crop yield and farmers' income are made, namely by using plant growth regulators. The result of this research indicated that Plant Growth Regulators (PGR) chosen for this study were good but still limited and showed that nitroaromatic and 2,4-D 0.5 ml/l were required to give higher number of branches peppermint. The yield of patchouly could be increased by 0.05% IBA or 0.25% protein hydrolisate.

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication
Email: pustaka@calrec-aard.wasantara.net.id




NO. 21698

Growth rates of various ulam species and their regulatory factors I. Photosynthesis


Barakbah, SS; Norrizah, JS; Salmah, I
University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Transaksi Persatuan Fisiologi Tumbuhan Malaysia [Transactions of the Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology], 14-15 August 1990, MARDI, Serdang, Selangor; p 173-177

Abstract:
Experiments were carried out to study the correlations between growth rates and photosynthesis in seven species of 'ulam' viz. maman, ulam raja, pegaga, kadok, selom, cekor manis and cekor. These plants, grown in pots in garden soil- cowdung mix, were harvested weekly from week 4 after planting until week 8. Photosynthesis was determined weekly during the same period. Results showed poor correlation between photosynthesis and growth rates.

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 70221

Study on mint varieties
Nghien cuu cac loai bac ha

Research Group of Mints
Institute of Materia Medica, Hanoi, Vietnam

Thong bao Duoc lieu [Bulletin of Pharmaceutical Materials] (7): 4-7 (1970)

Abstract:
Among the mints investigated as Vietnamese mint (Mentha arvensis), Soviet mint (Mentha piperita) and German mint (Mentha piperita var. mitcham), the two last mentioned ones are economically more efficient. Mountainous climate conditions are favorable for the Soviet variety, while plain climate conditions are favorable for the German variety.

Availability :
Institute of Materia Medica, Library




NO. 71036

Planting and harvesting time of mints giving high yields in area units of some provinces of Southern Vietnam
Thoi vu trong va thu hoach Bac ha cho nang suat cao tren don vi dien tich o mot so tinh mien Nam

Do Tat Loi
Tap chi Duoc hoc [Journal of Pharmacy] 140 (4): 13-16 (1981)

Abstract:
In Southern Vietnam the best planting time of mints is in August or September and the best harvesting time is in December.

Availability :
Institute of Materia Medica, Library




NO. 70586

Study on the cultivation and distillation of essential oil of mint in Northern Vietnam
Nghien cuu trong cay Bac ha va cat tinh dau Bac ha o Vietnam

Do Tat Loi
College of Pharmacy of Hanoi, Vietnam

Tap chi Khoa hoc & Ky thuat Nong nghiep [Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology] (9): 556-561 (1965)

Abstract:
Vietnam has enough of the necessary conditions to develop two mint species liked in the world, i.e. Mentha arvensis of Vietnam and Mentha piperita introduced from USSR and France. The efficacy and essential oil quality of mint in Vietnam are not inferior to those of other countries. It is indispensable to exploit the wild species and to introduce Chinese and Japanese mints with high menthol content.

Availability :
National Information and Documentation Center for Science and Technology, Library




NO. 70724

Plants containing menthol, and the chemical composition of the essential oil of NV74 race of Mentha arvensis
Cay Bac ha va thanh phan hoa hoc cua tinh dau giong NV74

Hoang Van Phiet; Thach Khiem; La Dinh Moi
Institute of Natural Chemistry; Nghia Do, Tu Liem, Hanoi, Vietnam

Tap chi Hoa hoc [Journal of Chemistry] 18 (1): 25-29 (1980)

Abstract:
This paper presents a general essessment on Mentha genus in Vietnam, planted species in the world and present status of menthol-producing plants in Vietnam. The authors show results of a study on the essential oil of NV74 race belonging to Mentha arvensis. The changing situation of oil content and composition of NV74 race are also mentioned.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 101936

Ethnobotany of rampayan in Batak Angkola and Mandailing tribes
Etnobotani rampoyan dalam suku Batak Angkola dan Mandailing

Hasairin, A; Hasanah, U
Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Medan Institute of Tachers' Training and Educational Science; Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 2; p 238-242

Abstract:
"Rompayan" is a place for slaughtering traditional animal (buffalo) for Batak Angkola and Mandailing ethnic groups. It is usually executed for the traditional "Siridon" (happy) ceremony. Field study shows that for "rompayan", plant species of 8 families are used; five of them are wild, two are growing widely and three species are cultivated. This knowledge have been passed on from one generation to another and each plant species has its meaning and value. Analysis of plants and its ethnobotanic value are discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 23375

Vine infestation of large remnant trees in logged forest in Sabah, Malaysia: Biomechanical facilitation in vine succession


Pinard, MA; Putz, FE
Danum Valley Field Centre, P.O. Box 282, c/o Rakyat Berjaya Sdn.Bhd., 91108 Lahat Datu, Sabah, Malaysia

Journal of Tropical Forest Science 6 (3): 302-309 (1994)

Abstract:
Seventy-nine percent of trees larger than 20 cm DBH remaining after logging in the Ulu Segama Forest Reserve carried vines in their crowns 13-14 years later. On 62% of the vine infested trees, the vines grew over from neighboring trees; on the remaining trees, vines climbed up their stems from the ground. Isolated trees with diameters exceeding the maximum support diameters used by the common vines often were infested with twining and tendril-climbing vines that climbed up root and branch twiners. This biomechanical dependence of some types of climbers on others results in a successional sequence of vine colonization of isolated remnant trees.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Email: philip@frim.gov.my




NO. 74070

Effect of the antirheumatic remedy SASP-5221 in chronic inflammation
Bai thuoc chua thap khop SASP-5221 tu cay hy thiem, nguu tat, tho phuc linh, la lot

Do Trung Dam
Tap chi Di Tap chi Duoc hoc [Journal of Pharmacy] (10): 21-24 (1996)

Abstract:
The chronic antinflammatory effect of the antirheumatic remedy of SASP-5221 (medicinal plants: Sigesbeckia orientalis, Achyranthes bidentata; Smilax sp., Piper lolot) was studied using the model of experimental granuloma induced by amianthus in rats. The results show that the remedy has a good antiproliferatic effect.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 51501

Qualitative TLC analysis of round turmeric, long turmeric and long pepper as ingredients of the Indonesian herbal medicine


Sutrisno, RB
Faculty of Pharmacy, Pancasila University; Jakarta, Indonesia

Proceedings International Seminar on Natural Products Chemistry and Utilization of Natural Resources, June 5 – 7, 2001, Universitas Indonesia, Depok Indonesia; Kosela, S et al. (eds); Depok, Universitas Indonesia, 2001; p 301-304

Abstract:
The Reverse Approach work design and the A+B=C Rule have been applied in the TLC identification of round turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza), long turmeric (Curcuma longa) and long pepper (Piper retrofractum) as ingredients of jamu. Reference standards are curcumoid and piperine for turmeric and long pepper, respectively. Case 1 and Case 2: Round turmeric. Solvent toluene – ethyl acetate – ethylmethylketone – formic acid (50+30+19+1), the specific spots are curcumin hRx 93-107 and monodemethoxycurcumin hRx 67-73. Case 3: Long turmeric. The jamu also contains round turmeric. Solvent I chloroform – ethanol – glacial acetic acid (94+5+1) and Solvent II toluene, the specific spot is bisdemethoxycurcumin hRx 56-62. Case 4: Long turmeric. The jamu does not contain round turmeric. Solvents as in Case 3. Specific spots are curcumin hRx 95-105, monodemethoxycurcumin hRx 73-84 and bisdemethoxycurcumin hRx 56-62. Case 5: Long pepper. Solvent toluene – diethylether – dioxane (62.5+21.5+16), the specific spot is yellow hRx 94-106.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 51508

Antioxidant activity of the methanol extracts of Piper betle Linn. And Uncaria gambir (Hunter) Roxb. leaves


Diantini, A; Sofian, I; Subarnas, A; Mustarichie, R
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural sciences, Padjajaran University; Jatinangor, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia

Proceedings International Seminar on Natural Products Chemistry and Utilization of Natural Resources, June 5 – 7, 2001, Universitas Indonesia, Depok Indonesia; Kosela, S et al. (eds); Depok, Universitas Indonesia, 2001; p 361-365.

Abstract:
Piper betle and Uncaria gambir contain polyphenol compounds which are supposed to have antioxidant activity. An experiment has been carried out to examine antioxidant activity of the methanol extracts of Piper betle and Uncaria gambir leaves using xanthin/ xanthin oxidase system. The XO inhibitory and O2 scavenging activity was measured using an experiment kit SOD test Wako and the O2 generation was detected by nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction method. Concentrations of the extracts used were 250 and 500 µg/ml. The results showed that the methanol extracts of both plants at the two concentrations gave strong O2 generation inhibitory activity with the inhibitory potency of 96.89% (250 g/ml) and 100% (500 g/ ml) for Piper betle extract and 100% (250 g/ml) for Uncaria gambir extract.The methanol extracts were then fractionated into n-hexan, ethyl acetate, and water fractions. The n-hexane and ethyl acetate fractions of Piper betle extract gave an inhibitory activity only at the concentration of 500 µg/ml (67.77% and 90.24%, respectively), and the ethyl acetate and water fractions of Uncaria gambir extract showed inhibitory activity of 100% at both concentrations. The phytochemical screening on the extracts and fractions indicated that they mainly contained polyphenol and flavonoids that are supposed to be antioxidant.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 92019

Armando V. Zamora's "The soil is a generous provider"


Abecia, ER
Greenfields 23 (5): 27-29 (1995)

Abstract:
The soils can be maximized by planting different trees and crops at different seasons of the year.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Library,
Email: pcarrd@pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 102377

Land utilization by intercropping between pepper by planting food crops
Pemanfaatan lahan di antara tanaman lada dengan tanaman pangan

Dwiwarni, Ida; Pujiharti, Yulia
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 20 (1-2): 40-47 (1994)

Abstract:
Effect of intercropping pepper with food crops on the growth and yield of pepper and the economic value of the different cropping patterns, was studied at the Natar Sub Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops, Lampung, from 1988 to 1992. The experiment was designed as a Randomized Block with five replicates. Pepper was planted in a plant spacing of 3m x 3m. From the first to the third year, some food crops were planted in different patterns between the pepper plants, including: 1) pepper in monoculture, 2) pepper intercropped with rice followed by maize, 3) pepper intercropped with rice followed by cassava, 4) peper intercroped with maize followed by peanut and 5) pepper intercropped with two maize plantings. In the fourth year the cropping patterns were changed as follows: 1) pepper in monoculture, 2) pepper intercropped with two peanut plantings, 3) pepper with Vigna unguiculata followed by sweet potato, 4) pepper with mungbean followed by Phaseolus calcaratus, 5) pepper with mungbean followed by V. unguiculata. Results showed that intercropping pepper with food crops neither affected the growth nor the yield of pepper. In the first three years, the highest income per ha was obtained from intercropping pepper with two maize plantings and the lowest was from intercropping pepper with rice followed by cassava. In the fourth year the highest income was obtained from intercropping pepper with two peanut plantings and the lowest was from intercropping pepper with mungbean followed by V. unguiculata.

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry, Documentation and Information Unit Library
Email: abenie@indo.net.id




NO. 90246

Note: Potential plant extracts for the control of Azolla fungal pathogens


Garcia, RP; Lawas, MVP
The Philippine Agriculturist 73 (3&4): 343-348 (1990)

Abstract:
Plant species reported to have medicinal value and fungicidal properties on other fungal genera were collected and extracted using water. Crude water extracts of 7 out of 127 plant species screened in vitro for their fungicidal properties showed inhibitory activity against Azolla pathogens (Rhizoctonia- like isolates #1 and #8 and Sclerotium sp.). Crude garlic extract (Allium sativum) was found most effective against Azolla pathogens. Other plant extracts were particularly effective against specific fungal pathogen tested. All extracts at 1:1 concentration, sulasi (Ocimum tenuiflorum) was found quite effective on Rhizoctonia-like #1; black pepper (Piper nigrum) was very effective on Rhizoctonia-like #8 while bunlao (Justicia gendarussa) and talisay (Terminalia catappa) were quite effective on the same isolate. Kalachuchi (Plumeria rubra) and tsaang gubat (Jatropha curcas) were quite effective on Sclerotium sp. Since garlic was observed to be the most effective plant extracts against all Azolla pathogens, it was prioritized for testing of its protective and therapeutic effects in the greenhouse. Results of the protective and eradicative effects of the garlic extracts on various Azolla pathogens showed that they have better therapeutic than protective effect. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Institute of Plant Breeding, Library; University of the Philippines at Los Baños




NO. 66845

The effect of cutting site and ring barking on rooting of the cutting from fruiting beanches in different varieties of pepper
Pengaruh tempat pemotongan dan perlikaan terhadap perakaran beberapa varietas lada

Barus, J
Balitro

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 17 (4): 128-132 (1992)

Abstract:
Effect of cutting site and ring barking on rooting of the cuttings from fruiting branches of pepper was studied at the lathhouse of the Sub Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops Natar, from September to December 1991. Cuttings of secondary fruiting branches, with two nodes and two leaves were taken from about two years old mother plants. The treatments tested were: site of cutting (cutting at the middle of internode, or slightly above the nodes), and ring barking (with or without ring barking at the internode). The treatments were applied on four varieties of pepper, namely: Natar 1, Natar 2, Petaling 1, Petaling 2. The experiment was designed as a completely randomized arranged factorially in two replicates and nine cuttings per treatment. Results showed that site of cutting only affected rooting percentage in Petaling 1, where cutting above the node produced more rooting percentage than that of middle of internode. Ring barking and its interaction with the site of cutting and variety gave a significant effect on rooting. In Natar 1, Natar 2 and Petaling 2, where ring barking increased the growth, either of cutting at the middle or of that at slightly above the node, while in Petaling 1 cutting at the middle of internode without ring barking decreased the growth of roots.

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 66851

Design of pedal-powered thresher for pepper berries
Rancang bangun alat perontok lada dengan penggerak pedal

Risfaheri; Hidayat, T; Laksmanahardja, MP
Balitro

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 17 (3): 86-90 (1992)

Abstract:
Processing of pepper berries into black pepper needs threshing to separate the berries from the spike. Until now, the threshing is carried out manually by hand or foot. Besides that white pepper mechanical processing and green pepper processing also need threshing activity. To overcome those problems, a pepper thresher was designed and developed. Result showed that the pedal-powered thresher have a good performance. The capacity of the thresher was 200 kg of raw material per hour, treshing efficiency 94.13%, spike separation efficiency 94.27% and berries damage 3.78% (3.64% shelled and 0.14% broken).

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 102371

Effect of price fluctuation on the interest of farmers to cultivate blackpepper in West Kalimantan
Pengaruh fluktuasi harga terhadap minat petani menanam lada di Kalimantan Barat

Machruf, Machdar; Yuhono, JT
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 20 (1-2): 6-10 (1994)

Abstract:
The influence of price fluctuation on the interest of farmers to cultivate black pepper was studied in September 1992 at Bengkayang and Sanggau Ledo sub district West Kalimantan. Primary data were collected by survey method from sample farmers with random sampling. The feasibility of farming was analyzed by using the output-input or benefit cost ratio methods, and the interest of farmers to cultivate black pepper during price fluctuation was analyzed by using the trend-analyses method. Results showed that black pepper farming was still feasible with a benefit cost ratio of 1.5. Producing farmers income of Rp.315.604,20 per 0.55 hectare. When the price went down and reached a level near the cost price (Rp.2.068,76/kg), farmers still maintained their plantation but with low input factor and no new areal development.

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry, Documentation and Information Unit Library




NO. 66848

The design and performance test of the pepper decorticator of disks type
Rancang bangun dan uji coba alat pengupas lada tipe piringan

Hidayat, T; Risfaheri; Laksmanahardja, MP
Balitro

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 17 (3): 61-66 (1992)

Abstract:
Mechanism of pepper decorticator was based on the pressure and friction principles. The decorticator is operated mannualy with crank system. The experiment included designing, testing and analyzing the quality of the product. The pepper variety tested was Belantung. Results showed that optimal condition for operation was produced in rubber arrangement of model A (soft and stiff rubber combination) with 3 mm clearance between the two disks. From a performance test it was revealed that in optimal condition, the decorticator produced: undecorticated pepper 2.76%, broken pepper 0.95%, white pepper defect 1.89% with a capacity of 19.7 kg pepper berries per hour. In general, the quality of white pepper produced met the trade standard, either Indonesian or international standard (ISO).

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 66853

Effects of various growth regulators on root growth of black pepper cuttings
Pengaruh beberapa zat pengatur tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan akar setek lada

Zaubin, R; Sunarti, T; Asnawi, R
Balitro

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 17 (3): 95-99 (1992)

Abstract:
With the aim of stimulating root growth of orthotropic black pepper cuttings (Piper nigrum L.), a trial was conducted at the Natar Sub-Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops, from March to June, 1991. The growth regulators tested were: 1) Aquadest (control), 2) 2000 ppm IBA, 3) Indole-3butiric and napthalenacetamid (INA), 4) 50% coconut water (soaked for 4 hours), 5) 25% coconut water (soaked for 2 hours), 6) 25% coconut water (soaked for 6 hours), 7) 7000 ppm N-aromatic compound (soaked for 50 minutes), 8) 20.000 ppm N-aromatic (quick dip), 9) 500 ppm N-aromatic (soaked for 24 hours). INA is a mixture of 0.067% napthalen acetamid (NAD) + 0.013% 2-methyl-1-NAD + 0.033% 2-methyl-1-napthalen acetate + 0.057% indole 3 butiric acid + thiram. N-aromatic compound is a mixture of 0.2% sodium orthophenolate + 0.3% sodium paranitrophenolate + 0.1% sodium 5-nitroguaiacolate + 0.05% sodium 2.4-dinitrophenolate. The experiment was designed as a randomized Block, with two replicates and 15 cuttings per treatment. Parameter observed were number of rooted cuttings, length of primary roots, root density and number of primary roots on each node. Results showed that the growth regulators did not significantly affect the root growth of the cuttings. However, the application of 7000 ppm N-aromatic soaked, INA or, 25% of coconut water produced a better growth than the control.

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 102359

Marketing prospect of black pepper in Lampung
Prospek pemasaran lada hitam di Lampung

Muchlas; Deslina
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 19 (1-2): 6-13 (1993)

Abstract:
Pepper is an important commodity for Lampung province. Besides its role in income generation for a part of society, and providing job opportunities, it also contributes to regional income resource. To support as efficient marketing of the product, it is necessary to provide a correct and accurate market information. From an analysis of data collected from various sources from 1980 to 1992 showed that the market absorbed about 95% of black pepper produced by farmers, 10% absorbed by domestic market and 86% was exported. However the marketed product tend to decrease since 1993. To overcome this case it is necessary to diversify pepper products and to expand the market. Furthermore it is advised that no more areal development of pepper in Lampung. Although the pepper exploration from Lampung tend to decrease, the market is still open. The reasons are: (a) about 90% of pepper products from Lampung was still marketed, (b) farmer could easily sell the commodity, either to local agents, wholesaler or to exporters, (c) the product could not be substituted synthetically and (d) infra structure for regional exportation has been well provided.

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry, Documentation and Information Unit Library




NO. 102366

Effect of various plant growth regulators and cutting materials on the growth of plagio trophic cuttings of black pepper
Pengaruh berbagai zat pengatur tumbuh dan bahan setek terhadap pertumbuhan setek cabang buah lada

Syakir, Muhammad; Djufrie, MHBintoro; Daulay, Amrin Yani
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 19 (3-4): 59-65 (1994)

Abstract:
Effect of plant growth regulator and cutting materials on the growth of plagiotropic black pepper cuttings was studied in the greenhouse of the Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops Bogor, from March to July 1992. The experiment was designed a Randomized Block arranged factorially with three replicates. The factors tested were growth hormones i.e. aquadest as control, cow urine 25%, coconut water 25%, black pepper shoot extract 40% and IBA 3% and cutting materials, namelys primary, secondary branches and hammer cuttings (single node cuttings plus a part of climbing stem). Results indicated that IBA 3% was significantly better than the other treatments. However, since the high price of IBA, a 25% coconut water with 12 hours soaking periode can be used to stimulate the rooting of plagiotropic cuttings. Secondary branch cutting was significantly better than the other cuttings. Interaction effect of growth regulator and cutting material was apparent only on the number of roots, where the application of IBA 3% significantly increased the number of roots of secondary branches.

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry, Documentation and Information Unit Library




NO. 102367

effects of number of leaves and site of basal cut on the rooting ability of plagiotropic cuttings of black pepper
Pengaruh jumlah daun dan tempat pemotongan setek terhadap pertumbuhan akar setek cabang buah lada

Zaubin, Robber; Indrati, Noer; Elphywika, Derson
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 19 (3-4): 66-70 (1994)

Abstract:
With the aim at improving rooting ability of plagiotropic cuttings of black pepper, an experiment was conducted at the greenhouse of the Cimanggu Experimental Garden, Bogor, from August to Nopember 1992. The treatments tested were: 1) number of leaves per cutting, i.e. one, two or three leaves, 2) site of basal cut i.e. at the middle of internode, just above the node, and 3) cultivar, i.e. Natar 1 and Petaling 1. The treatments were arranged factorially in a Completely Randomized Design with three replicates, and nine cuttings per treatment. Results indicated that cuttings with three leaves were better than that with one or two leaves for all leaves for all the parameters. Petaling 1, showed better rooting ability than Natar 1. The site of basal cut just above the node was significantly better than that at the middle of internode for all the parameters except for the number of main roots. The best interaction effect was shown by two leaves per cutting, cut just above the node of Petaling 1 on the rooted and survived cuttings. In general, cuttings taken from the cv. Petaling I, with three leaves and cut just above the node gave the best rooting.

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry, Documentation and Information Unit Library




NO. 102374

Effect of application method and concentration of hydrolyzed protein on the growth of black pepper cuttings
Pengaruh cara pemberian dan konsentrasi protein hidrolisat terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada

Yulia Pujiharti
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 20 (1-2): 24-29 (1994)

Abstract:
Effect of application method and concentration of hydrolyzed protein complex was studied at the Natar Sub Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops, from August 1989 to January 1990. The treatments assessed were the combinations of application method (soaked for 2 hours before rooting and soaked for 5 minutes and quick dipped before planting) and four concentration levels of hydrolyzed protein complexs (375 ppm, 750 ppm, 1125 ppm and 1500 ppm and control). The treatments were arranged factorially in a Randomized Block Design with three replications. Results indicated that application method and concentration of hydrolyzed protein complex affected the number of branches and leaves, and the number of leaves. In terms of dry weight of shoot and root the best treatment was soaking the cutting for two hours before rooting at a concentration of 375 ppm.

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry, Documentation and Information Unit Library




NO. 95180

Pepper on living poles of Gliricidia sepium and Erythrina lithosperma in East Kalimantan


Seibert, B
Proceedings; International Workshop on Research on Multi-purpose Tree Species In Asia; Los Baños, Philippines, 19-23 November, 1990; Taylor, DA (ed); McDicken, KG (ed); Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, 1991; p 111-118

Abstract:
Pepper vines in East Kalimantan usually are planted on dead ironwood (Eusideroxylon zwageri) poles as a support. In other places in Indonesia, pepper is planted on living poles, mostly on Gliricidia sepium. Gliricidia is widely used for shade and fencing in the lower and middle Mahakam area of East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Properties of gliricidia and other species are evaluated according to general and East Kalimantan conditions, and gliricidia can be recommended as a good choice. Research compared the growth of pepper on living poles of Gliricidia sepium and Erythrina subumbrans (synonym: Ertyhrina lithosperma) and on dead ironwood poles. No significant differences were found that would indicate disadvantage when using living poles. On-farm trials with transmigrants were established on their land and are monitored in the framework of university research. Observations indicate that most farmers will still use dead poles when enlarging their gardens, as the success of the new technology is evident only after several years. It is assumed that farmers will use this new technology more when ironwood becomes too difficult to obtain.

Availability :
Library; College of Forestry and Natural Resources; University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna




NO. 100210

Effects of treatments prior of sundrying on black pepper quality
Pengaruh perlakuan sebelum penjemuran terhadap mutu lada hitam

Risfaheri; Hidayat, T
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 2 (1): 36-40 (1993)

Abstract:
This experiment was conducted in two steps. The first step was a preliminary experiment conducted in Kotawaringin Barat district (Central Kalimantan Province), and the second step was the main experiment conducted at the Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Bogor (West Java). The pepper berries used in the preliminary experiment was Chunuk variety and in the main experiment was Belantung variety. The experiment was laid out following a Completely Randomized Design with three replications. The result showed that blanching of pepper berries in water of 80 °C for 1.5-5 minutes prior to sundrying accelerated both the browning and the rate of drying. The blanched pepper berries required only 3 days (21 hours) to be dried (sun dried) with 3.5 cm (1.22 g/cm2) berries thickness, whereas the common methods used by farmer required 4 -5 days (28-31 hours). This method could improve the quality of black pepper and did not affect the oil and piperine contents. The black pepper produced from the blanching method had an attractive colour with excellent and strong aroma. Blanching in boiling water for 2.5-5 minutes caused colour deterioration of the black pepper. The prolonged thermal treatment might deactive the enzyme responsible for the browning reaction. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 102007

Javanese long pepper (Piper retrofractum) in Sera Barat village, Sumenep regency
Cabe jamu (Piper retrofractum) di desa Sera Barat, Kabupaten Sumenep

Endarwati; Soenardi
Research Institute for Tobacco and Fibre Crops (RITFC); Malang, East Java, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Buku 1; Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; p 201-203

Abstract:
Javanese long pepper (Piper retrofractum) is a herb used for traditional medicine. Besides it is used to treat heart disease it can also help improve appetite. In Sera Barat village, Sumenep, it is commonly planted as a cash crop. The planting of the Javanese long pepper is discussed in detail in this paper.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 100212

Export model of Indonesian pepper and its influential factors
Model ekspor lada Indonesia dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya

Mauludi, L; Kemala, S; Sitorus, DT
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Issue on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 9 (2): 1-7 (1993)

Abstract:
The export model of Indonesian pepper was studied by using the time series data from 1969 to 1990. The purpose of this study was to improve export model of Indonesian pepper and to know its influential factors. The data was analyzed using multiple regression and ordinary least squares (OLS) estimation method. From regression result, it was suggested that Indonesian pepper export volume (XLI) was significantly affected by Indonesian pepper production (PLI), domestic pepper price (HDN), foreign pepper prices (HLN) and exchange rate (NT), while lag-export (XLI) was not significantly high. R2 value and nearly all specified variables were statistically significant. This suggested that multicollinearity was not found in the model seriously. So that the equation model of estimation was good and fit to explain relationship between export volume and its influencial factors. The signs of parameter coefficient gave suitable expectation according to the economic criteria. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 100238

Effects of diameter and length of pepper stem on the biology of Lophobaris piperis Marsh (Coleoptera, Curculionidae)
Pengaruh diameter dan panjang batang lada terhadap biologi Lophobaris piperis Marsh (Coleoptera, Curculionidae)

Deciyanto, S; Trisawa, IM; Handayani, T
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 8 (1): 17-23 (1993)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted at the Entomological Laboratory of the Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops from November 1989 to February 1990, to find out the suitable and efficient media for rearing pepper stem borer (Lophobaris piperis) in the laboratory. Pepper stems having diameters of 1.0 and 1.5 cm and lengths of 5, 10 and 15 cm were used in this experiment, therefore there were 6 treatment combinations. In each treatment 50 pepper stems and 6 pairs of Lophobaris piperis were placed in a jar. The results indicated that Lophobaris piperis laid their eggs in all sizes of pepper stem and the eggs could develop into adults. There was no significant influence of the size of pepper stem on the insect life cycle and the weight of male adult. However, the size of stem influenced the number of insect, the weight of pupae and female adult. The growth of Lophobaris piperis is more suitable in pepper stem having a diameter of 1.5 cm and lengths of 15 and 10 cm than in other treatments. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 54584

Antibacterial activity test of betel pepper (Piper betle L.) leaves extract on fresh meat
Kajian aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak daun sirih (Piper betle L.) pada daging sapi segar

Sugiastuti, S; Apriyantono, A; Fardiaz, D; Jenie, BSL
Jurusan Teknologi Pangan dan Gizi, Institut Pertanian Bogor; Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia XXIV, 19-20 September 2003 [Proceedings of the 24th Seminar on Indonesian Medicinal Plants, 19-20 September 2003]; Sidowayah (Woodfordia floribunda) & Petai cina (Leucaena glauca); Lestari, Y et al. (eds); Bogor, Pusat Studi Biofarmaka, Lembaga Penelitian, Insitut Pertanian Bogor, 2004; p 199-204

Abstract:
Utilization of betel pepper (Piper betle) leaves in the medicinal world has been known since a long time ago because the leaves contain natural phenolic compound that has anti-bacterial activity. Beside in the medicinal world, nowadays possibilities are developed in using betel pepper leaves as food additive, i.e. as natural anti-bacteria.|A research was conducted with the aim to investigate the antibacterial activity of betel pepper leaves extract in foodstuff. The foodstuff used was ground meat because meat is considered as a food commodity that is easily damaged by contamination of micro-organisms. Results of the test using diffusion well method showed that betel pepper leaves extract had anti-bacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli (representing food pathogenic bacteria), and Pseudomonas fluorescens (representing food-damaging bacteria). This was shown by the occurrence of a clear area surrounding the well.|Tests were further conducted by determining the MIC (Minimum Inhibition Concentration) value of the betel pepper leaves extract against those bacteria. The results showed that the MIC value for Staphylococcus aureus was 3 mg/ ml media, while for each of Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium and Pseudomonas fluorescens was 2 mg/ ml media.|The betel pepper leaves extract was then applied to the ground meat to test its anti-bacterial activity. The test was conducted by counting total microbes in the ground meat. The result revealed that betel pepper leaves extract at 10 mg/ g meat (1% w/w) could inhibit the growth of bacteria in the ground meat that was stored at refrigerator temperature for 9 days. (English version of authors' abstract by NWS)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 66877

Tradition of pairing medicinal plants in Javanese culture
Tradisi pasangan tumbuhan obat alami dalam budaya Jawa

Sangat-Roemantyo, H; Riswan, S
Herbarium Bogoriense, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani [Proceedings of National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 February 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 40-44

Abstract:
Javanese people in their living culture has united with their traditional medicines which is called jamu. Jamu is composed mostly of plants. The recipe of jamu can be composed of either one, two, or a pair of medicinal plants or more than two species. Result of a study from some locations in Java showed that there are about 10 pairs of natural medicinal plants, such as beras-puyang and kunir-asem. The meaning and using of this medicinal plants will be discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 66895

Plants used in Minangkabau traditional ceremonies
Tumbuhan yang digunakan dalam upacara adat Minangkabau

Syahbuddin
Faculty of Biology, Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani [Proceedings of National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 February 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 176-181

Abstract:
Plants were widely used by man, not only consumed and needed as sources of energy, but also for traditional ceremonial purposes. The kinds of plant used in the ceremonies could be identified by conducting a study, using interview and historical approaches. It turned out that plants used in traditional ceremonies in Minangkabau were coconut, paddy (rice), banana, pinang, betle pepper, sugarcane, and inai. Gathering plants like madang, pulai, betung, jack fruit tree, ampelas, talang, melati, kemuning, mengkudu and sago, were mentioned. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 69747

Current status and control of plant diseases caused by Fusarium in Malaysia


Salleh, B
School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia; 11800 Penang, Malaysia

BIOTROP Special Publication 54: 23-36 (1994)

Abstract:
Plant diseases caused by Fusarium spp. in Malaysia are becoming more significant since the introduction of intensive and high yielding production systems and genetically uniform cultivars. Severe losses have been incurred in some economically important crops such as tobacco (slanting death caused by Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani), rice (bakanae caused by Fusarium proliferatum and Fusarium moniliforme), asparagus (reddish-brown rot caused by Fusarium nygamai), pepper (slow decline caused by Fusarium solani), watermelon (vascular wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. niveum), and banana (vascular wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense). Current status of the diseases and the control measures being practiced throughout Malaysia are discussed. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library
Email: perpubb@indo.net.id




NO. 67613

Seed-borne pathogens on economic crops


Piamonte, AL; Quebral, FC
Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines at Los Baños; Laguna, Philippines

BIOTROP Special Publication 54: 63-83 (1994)

Abstract:
Thirty two seed samples of 14 different plant species were tested for the presence of seed-borne fungi using agar plate, deep-freezing blotter and the standard blotter methods. Important seed-borne fungi together with the diseases they caused on each crop were presented. Infection experiments showed that Colletotrichum and Fusarium greatly affected the seeds, and developing seedlings of cucumber and sweet pepper. These two pathogens produced rotting symptom on the ungerminated seeds, and further development of seedlings of both crops were inhibited. Fusarium producing blight symptom on leaves of cucumber and sweet pepper seedlings, while Colletotrichum produced necrotic lesion.

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library
Email: info@biotrop.org




NO. 67419

Fungal diseases of medicinal crops at the Cimanggu Experimental Garden
Penyakit cendawan pada tanaman obat di kebun percobaan Cimanggu

Nurawan, A; Sukamto
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat; Bogor, Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 7 (2): 31-35 (1992)

Abstract:
Observations on diseases of 11 medicinal crops have been conducted at the Cimanggu Experimental Garden of the Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops, Bogor in May 1991. Diseased plants were sampled and then isolation and identification were conducted at the laboratory. The results showed that Gloeosporium sp., the causal agent of anthracnose, was the dominant pathogen at the time of observation. Other pathogens found were Colletotrichum sp., Fusarium sp., Pythium sp. and Puccinia sp. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University
Email: admin@lib.ugm.ac.id




NO. 67547

Utilization of spice crops in the life of Indonesian communities
Pemanfaatan tanaman rempah dalam kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia

Hadipoentyanti, E; Rostiana, O
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani [Proceedings of National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 February 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 375-380

Abstract:
Indonesia has been known as the center of genetic diversity of spice crops for centuries. Clove (Syzygium aromaticum), pepper (Piper nigrum), cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmani) and nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) are very important in the world market for a long time. The existing variation in the utilization of spices throughout the country should be recorded and preserved and the crops as well.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 67663

Comparison of transpiration rate, stomatal density and some leaf features in black pepper, clove, cinnamon and nutmeg
Perbandingan laju transpirasi, kepadatan stomata dan beberapa kenampakan daun pada lada, cengkeh, kayu manis dan pala

Darwati, I; de Guzman, CC; Hasanah, M; Rachmat, EM
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 1 (1): 31-36 (1992)

Abstract:
A comparative study on the transpiration rate, stomata and leaf features was made on the following spice crops: black pepper (Piper nigrum), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and nutmeg (Myristica fragrans). Black pepper exhibited the highest rate of transpiration, followed in decreasing rate by clove, cinnamon and nutmeg. Values of stomatal density did not parallel to the trend observed in transpiration rates. Black pepper exhibited on of the lowest and cinnamon the highest stomatal density. This observation was essentially not altered even if stomatal count was determined per unit leaf basis. Stomatal pore length was shortest in clove and longest in cinnamon, intermediate values were obtained for nutmeg and black pepper. Among the leaf parameters measured, only specific leaf area showed some positive bearing with transpiration rate. Scanning electron micrographs revealed detailed stomata and leaf features which could account for the variation in transpiration rates of the four spice crops. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 107783

Characterization of natural antioxidant from betel pepper (Piper betle L.): Separation of components in the oleoresin of the betel pepper leaves using thin layer chromatography
Karakterisasi antioksidan alami dari daun sirih (Piper betle L.) : Pemisahan komponen dalam oleoresin daun sirih dengan kromatografi lapis tipis

Andarwulan, N
Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor, Indonesia

Buletin Teknologi dan Industri Pangan [Food Technology and Industry Bulletin] 7 (1): 75-78 (1996)

Abstract:
Antioxidant activity of betel pepper leaves (Piper betle) extract was evaluated by using thyocyanate method. The leoresin of the betel pepper leaves powder was extracted with methanol, while that of the defatted betel pepper leaves powder was extracted with methanol and ethanol. The ethanol extract of defatted betel pepper leaves powder showed the strongest antioxidant activity as compared to BHA and the other extracts. The ethanol extract also contained 21.9 mg Beta carotene/100 g. Antioxidants were isolated from the ethanol extract by two dimensional TLC on silica gel G 60 F254. The developing solvents were (1) chloroform: ethanol: acetic acid (98:2:2) and (2) hexane:diethyl ether (3:7). Seventeen spots were observed with the following special properties: 3 fractions showed absorption in the UV region, 3 fractions in the UV and feasible region, and 2 fractions in the feasible region, while the others showed no absorption in either UV or feasible region. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library
Email: perpubb@indo.net.id




NO. 73347

Piper betle
Trau khong

Nguyen Duc Minh
Thuoc chua benh nhiem khuan tu cay co trong nuoc [Medicinal plants for treating bacterial diseases]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1995; p 236-240

Abstract:
Piper betle is cultivated everywhere in Vietnam for chewing. Besides, it is also used to treat cold, wound, inflammation of bone-joints, belly-ache and pimples. The results of a study on its antibacterial activity showed that it can affect Bacillus mycoides, Bacterium pyocyanerum, Candida albicans, etc. The results of a clinical study are also presented in this section.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 72458

Piper betle
Cay trau

Tran Van Chinh; Le Trung Chinh et al.
Cay thuoc nam va cac phuong phap phong chua benh don gian tai nha [Traditional medicinal plants and methods of preventing and treating diseases at home]; Danang Publishing House, 1995; p 261-263

Abstract:
Piper betle is propagated by branch-cuttings. Besides for chewing, its fresh leaves are used to treat cold, boils, mouth inflammation or to clean wounds.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 108517

Chemical component analyis of essential oil from two cultivars of betel pepper (cv. yellow leaves and cv. green leaves)
Analisis komponen kimia minyak atsiri dari dua macam sirih (daun kuning dan hijau)

Harapini, M; Agusta, A; Rahayu, RD
Treub Laboratory, Research and Development Institute for Botany; Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Nasional I Tumbuhan Obat dan Aromatik [Proceedings of the 1st National Symposium on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants], Bogor, 10-12 Oktober 1995; Gandawidjaja, D et al. (eds); Bogor, Simpul Nasional APINMAP Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI & Unesco, 1996; p 58-64

Abstract:
Piper betle is one of several medicinal plants used as carminative, expectorant, tonic, astringent, stimulant and other purposes by local people, due to the volatile oil present in the plant. Identification of the volatile oil was conducted using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GCMS) on leaves of 2 cultivars (green and yellow leaves) obtained from local market. The results showed that the volatile oil from green leaves contains 10 components, namely Beta-linalool, o-alylphenol, 2-methoxy-4-(1-pryphenyl) phenol, methyl eugenol, is ocaryophylene, Alpha-caryophylene, copane, bycyclo-7,2,o-undek-4-en-4-11-11-trimethyl-8-methylen, elemene and Alpha-farnesen. The volatile oil from the yellow leaves, apart from the 10 components present in the green leaves, also contains 4 other components, namely 4-alylphenil acetic, Beta-farnesene, germakrene and Alpha-cubebene. Antibacterial test indicated that the volatile oil from the yellow leaves was more effective in inhibiting the growth of Salmonella rather than the growth of Escherichia colli, Klebsiella, Staphylococcus and Pasteurella. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 73511

Piper betle
Trau khong

Vu Xuan Quang
Nhung cay thuoc nam thong thuong chua mot so benh viem nhiem [Common medicinal plants that can be used to treat some infected inflamed diseases]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1993; p 146-148

Abstract:
The antibiological element contained in Piper betle can have effect on Bacillus mycoides, Bacillus pyocyaneum, Candida albicans, Salmonella paratyphi, etc. The plant is used to treat cold, rheumatism, snake-bites, wound, boils and pimples.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 101504

Application of Trichoderma spp. as biocontrol of Phytophthora capsici on pepper
Aplikasi Trichoderma spp. sebagai biokontrol Phytophthora capsici pada lada

Kasim, R
Indonesian Phytopathological Society, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress and the Scientific Seminar of the Indonesian Phytopathological Society], Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p 966-970

Abstract:
Trichoderma spp. possess antagonistic action to prevent Phytophthora capsici on pepper. In this study Trichoderma spp. were applied to Phytophthora-inoculated nursery soil. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse and arranged in a Randomized Block Design with four treatments and five replications. The four treatments were Trichoderma culture, Trichoderma suspension, fungicide application and control. The disease intensity on those treatments were 21% (culture), 29.5% (fungicide), 37.4% (suspension), and 65% (control). (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 100225

Morphology and pathogenicity of two isolates of Radopholus similis on black pepper


Mustika, I
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Industrial Crops Research Journal 6 (1): 6-11 (1993)

Abstract:
The pathogenicity of Radopholus similis on black pepper and banana isolates on black pepper, and morphological variation between the two isolates were studied at the Department of Nematology Wageningen Agricultural University, the Netherland from July to November 1988. Both isolates were pathogenic to black pepper either in single or in mixed-population. Radopholus similis of black pepper isolate reproduced better than did banana isolate. The highest reproduction rate was observed when the two isolates were present concomitantly. SEM observation showed that female cuticle pattern of black pepper isolate has longitudinal markings between striae, and males tail shape was less pointed than that of banana isolate. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 73560

Piper lolot
Cay la lot

Vu Xuan Quang
Nhung cay thuoc nam chua mot so benh viem nhiem [Plants used to treat some infected inflamed diseases]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1993; p 88-90

Abstract:
Piper lolot can affect many bacteria, such as: Bacillus mycoides, Bacterium pyoaneum, Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, Salmonella paratyphi B, Shigella flexneri. It can be used to treat rheumatism, back-ache, vomiting, belly-ache, diarrhoea, headache and toothache. One prescription based on experience with Piper lolot was presented in this section.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 108190

Effects of kind of foliar fertilizers and application interval on the growth of long pepper (Piper retrofractum Vahl) cuttings
Pengaruh jenis pupuk daun dan interval pemberian terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cabe Jawa

Dwiwarni, I; Pudjiharti, Y
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; South Lampung, Sumatra, Indonesia

Jurnal Tanah Tropika [Tropical Soil Journal] 2 (2): 68-72 (1996)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted at Natar Research Station for Spice and Medicinal Crops, South Lampung, from August to December 1993 to evaluate the effect of foliar fertilizer and application interval on the growth of long pepper (Piper retrofractum) cuttings. The experiment was arranged in a factorial Randomized Block Design with three replications and 10 plants/treatment. Three formations of foliar fertilizer (NPKMg 14:12:14:1, NPK 12:17:5) were tested with tap water as the control. The foliar fertilizers were applied every 7, 10 and 14 days. The results showed that there were interaction between foliar fertilizer and application interval. NPK 12:17:5 and NPKMg 14:12:14:1 formulations applied every seven days gave the best effect on the growth of cuttings. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 102672

Chemical constituent analysis of fraction V of Piper retrofractum Vahl by GC-MS


Hernani
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 3 (2): 17-23 (1995)

Abstract:
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) has been used to analyze chemical constituents of fraction V of Javanese long pepper (Piper retrofractum). Several components were identified including piperonal, N-3-phenylpropanoylpiperidine, ethyl (3E, 5E, 7E)-8-(methylphenyl) octatri-3,5, 7-enolate, di octyl phtalate, dihydropiperine, piperine and (2E, 8E-N-(9-(3,4 -methylenedioxyphenyl)-2,8-nonadienoyl piperidine). (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre, Library




NO. 100990

Research on the control of pepper yellow disease in Indonesia


Mustika, I
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Proceedings of the International Workshop on black pepper disease; Bandar Lampung, 3-5 December 1991; Wahid, P et al. (eds); Bogor; Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops, 1992; p 175-187

Abstract:
Yellow disease of pepper has long been known to affect black pepper plantation in Indonesia, especially on the island of Bangka, South Sumatra. The disease is caused by a complex of biotic and abiotic factors, such as parasitic nematodes and fungus, nutrient deficiency and water stress. At least 14 genera of parasitic nematodes were found associated with black pepper in Indonesia. Among these nematodes, Rodopholus similis and Meloidogyne incognita are the most prevalent species. Experiments indicated that the disease could be controlled by using fertilizer in combination with nematicides and fungicides, as well as mulch. No variety of pepper was found resistant to Rodopholus similis and Meloidogyne incognita, however, Kuching variety appeared to have tolerance characteristics of Meloidogyne incognita. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research, Library




NO. 69683

The invitro propagation of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Perbanyakan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) secara invitro

Hadiyono; Zulkarnain
Faculty of Agriculture, Jambi University; Jambi, Indonesia

Majalah Ilmiah Universitas Jambi [Jambi University Science Journal] (31): 44-52 (1993)

Abstract:
An experiment to study the effect of media composition, auxin and cytokinin concentration on the growth and development of hypocotyl culture of pepper was conducted at Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Jambi University from September 1989 to October 1990. Media composition (e.i. MS, B-5, WPK), NAA concentration (e.i. 0.0; 0.5; 1.0; 2.0 ppm) and BA concentration (e.i. 0.0; 0.1; 0.5; 1.0 ppm) were used to culture pepper hypocotyl explants. The experiment was arranged in a factorial Completely Randomized Design with 3 factors and 5 replications. The result indicated that the percentage of explants forming callus was not affected by the media composition, NAA and BA concentrations either alone or in combination. It was shown that media composition and its interaction with NAA concentration affected number of roots, and so with the interaction between NAA and BA concentrations. All treatments applied either singly or in combination showed highly significant effect on root length. Significant effect on number of shoots was obtained by the interaction of NAA and BA concentrations as well as the interaction of NAA concentration and media composition. NAA concentration gave highly significant effect on number of shoots, but media composition contributed significant effect only. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 100237

Effect of growth media on the growth of pepper cuttings
Pengaruh media tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada

Azri
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 8 (1): 14-16 (1993)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted with the objective to study and examine the best growth media and their effect on the growth of pepper cuttings of single node. It was tested in Simpang Monterado Experimental Garden, West Kalimantan from October 1992 to February 1993. A Completely Randomized Design was used with four replications, three plants for each treatment. The tested media was a mixture of soil, sand and manure with six combinations i.e. 1:1:0; 1:1:1; 1:1:2; 1:1:3; 2:1:1 and 2:1:2. The results showed that effect of the media was not significantly different, but medium 2:1:2 was the best for plant growth and medium 1:1:3 for root growth. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 69469

Effect of storage duration of cutting materials and IBA concentration on the growth of single-node pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh lama penyimpanan bahan stek dan konsentrasi IBA terhadap pertumbuhan setek satu mata tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Hardiani, W
Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER]; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta, Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER], 1994; 86p

Abstract:
An experiment to study on the storage effect of cutting materials and IBA concentration on the growth of single-node pepper cuttings has been carried out at the 'Kebun Pendidikan dan Penelitian (KP2)', Maguwoharjo village, Depok, Yogyakarta from August 9 to December 9, 1993. The experiment was arranged in a factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 2 factors and 3 replications. The first factor was 3 levels of storage duration of cutting materials (A) consisting of 4 elements, i.e. without (A0), 2 days (B1), 4 days storage (B2), and 6 days storage (B3). The second factor was 4 levels of IBA concentrations (B) i.e. without IBA (B0), 500 ppm (B1), 1000 ppm (B2), and 1500 ppm IBA (B3). The followings were the result of the experiment: 1. There were no interaction effects of IBA concentration and storage duration on cutting growth. 2. The longer the duration of storage, the slower the cutting growth. 3. The trend effect of IBA concentration on growth of cutting was quadratic with maximum concentration around 1000-1200 ppm. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER] Library,




NO. 103636

Effect of cutting materials and growth regulator on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) planting materials
Pengaruh bahan setek dan zat pengatur tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan bibit lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Arimbawa, IWP
Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Denpasar

Majalah Ilmiah Unud [Udayana University Scientific Journal] 21 (40): 113-116 (1994)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to study the effect of cutting materials and growth regulator on the growth of pepper planting materials. The experiment was laid out following a factorial Randomized Block Design with four replications. Two kinds of cutting and three kind of growth regulators were applied as treatments. The results indicated that there was no significant interaction between the two treatments on all parameters measured. Thw use of one leaf cutting gave the highest oven dry weight of planting material, while for growth regulator treatment, the highest oven dry weight of planting material was produced by Rootone F. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 69500

Effect of soaking duration of cuttings in coconut water and application of foliar fertilizer on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings
Pengaruh lama perendaman setek dalam air kelapa dan pemberian pupuk daun terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Tjandra, L
Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER]; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta, Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER], 1994; 105p

Abstract:
An experiment was carried out at the Educational and Experimental Garden of the Institute of Agriculture 'STIPER', Yogyakarta, from June 24 to November 15, 1993 to study the effect of soaking duration in coconut water and the application of foliar fertilizer on the growth of pepper cutting. A 4x3 factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) was used in this experiment with 3 replications. The first factor was soaking duration in coconut water (H), consisting of 4 levels: 12 hours (H1), 18 hours (H2), 24 hours (H3), 30 hours (H4). The second factor was application of foliar fertilizer (W), consisting of 3 levels: without foliar fertilizer (W0), once a week (W1), fertilizer once every two weeks (W2). The results of the experiment were as follows: 1. Soaking pepper cuttings in coconut water for 24 hours gave better result than the other treatments. 2. The application of foliar fertilizer influenced all parameters; the application of once a week was better than the other treatments. 3. There were no interaction between soaking in coconut water and application of foliar fertilizer on growth of pepper cuttings. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER] Library,




NO. 100190

The design of an electric-powered pepper thresher of middle capacity
Rancang bangun alat perontok lada berkapasitas sedang dengan penggerak motor listrik

Hidayat, T; Risfaheri
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 18 (1-2): 23-27 (1992)

Abstract:
Electric-powered pepper thresher was designed at the Technology Laboratory of the Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops. The experiment consisted of two steps, designing and testing. The objective of testing was to determine optimum condition for the operation of the thresher. The experiment was laid out following a Randomized Completely Block Design with three replications. The raw material for the experiment was pepper berries (var. Lampung Daun Lebar) collected from Rangkasbitung, West Java. Results showed that optimum condition for threshing operation was 380 rpm cylinder rotation. The best yield of separation was achieved by using 8 mm x 8 mm hole size of sieve. Result of the performance test at the optimal condition were as follows: threshing efficiency 92.21%, berries damaged 6.13%, spikes separation efficiency 93.13%, berries mixed with spikes at the outlet 12.43% and the capacity of the thresher was 506.17kg raw material per hour. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 100191

Stemborer (Lophobaris piperis Marsh) attacks on several varieties of black pepper
Serangan penggerek batang (Lophobaris piperis Marsh) pada beberapa varietas lada

Suprapto; Hayani; Suroso; Somantri, T
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 18 (1-2): 28-32 (1992)

Abstract:
Pepper damage by stemborer (Lophobaris piperis) was studied at the Sub Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops in 1992. The objective of this research was to evaluate the suitability of pepper varieties for stemborer. The varieties tested were Kalluvally, Cheriakanikaddan (CHKK), Kucing, Petaling 2, Panniyur, Petaling 1, Natar 1 and Natar 2. The experiment was laid out following a Randomized Block Design with four replications. Results showed that pepper varieties suitable for stemborer development were CHKK, Panniyur and Kalluvally. In those varieties 37.5%-55.6% of plants died, 5.23%-8.87% of branches damaged and stemborer populations were 2.75-11.5 per vine. Varieties that were less suitable for insect development were Kuching, Natar 2 and Natar 1. In these varieties the dead plants were 11.1%-15.30%, damaged branches were 3.93%-4.92% and nymber of insect was 0.5- 2.0 per vine. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 100202

Effect of nitroaromatic compound on the growth of pepper seedling
Pengaruh nitroaromatik terhadap pertumbuhan bibit lada

Pujiharti, Y; Ruwenda, A
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 18 (3-4): 92-95 (1993)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted at the Natar Sub Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops from February to July 1998. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of concentration and application interval of nitroaromatic compound on the growth of pepper seedlings. Seedlings (from cuttings) of 1.5 months of age were treated with nitroaromatic compound at concentrations of 0 (control) ; 0.02; 0.04; 0.06 and 0.08%, with the application intervals of 10, 20 and 30 days. The treatments were laid out a following factorial Randomized Block Design with 3 replications. Results showed that nitroaromatic application affected dry weight of shoots, number of internodes and length of roots. Dry weight of roots was affected by the concentration of the compound. The optimum dry weight would be achieved at a concentration of 0.038%. The highest number of internodes was produced by nitroaromatic application at an interval of 10 days. The length of root was affected by the interaction between the concentration and application interval of the compound. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 73381

Piper lolot
Cay la lot

Nguyen Duc Minh
Thuoc chua benh nhiem khuan tu cay co trong nuoc [Medicinal plants for treating bacterial diseases]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1995; p 112-115

Abstract:
Piper lolot grows naturally or planted in North Vietnam. It is used to treat vomiting, diarrhoea and inflammation of bone-joints. The results of a study on antibacterial effect showed that it affected Bacillus mycoides, Bacterium pyocyameum, Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella typhi.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 95623

Morphology, distribution, and indigenous uses of spiked pepper (Piper aduncum L.)


Nasayao, E; Fabella
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights '97; Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines PCARRD, 1998; Malicsi, LC and Joven, JEA (eds); p 97-98

Abstract:
Spiked pepper grows abundantly in Northern Leyte, Western Samar and Zamboanga. It is a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree about 4.5 m and a trunk diameter of 3 to 6 inches. Spiked pepper belongs to the Family Piperaceae. In Eastern Visayas, it is known as 'kurukawaya', 'buyo-buyo', 'mayubuyo', and 'baryo-baryo'. It is an invader species that can easily occupy a bare or grassland area with its aggressive growth. The potentials of spiked pepper for agroforestation are relatively high due to its indigenous uses and its ability to cover denuded cogonal areas. However, further investigation needs to be conducted to discover its full biological potential, particularly on nitrogen fixation. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 102678

Effect of NPK composition on the growth and health of black pepper plant


Zaubin, R; Hidayat, A; Sesda, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 3 (2): 51-55 (1995)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted at Natar Sub Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, South Lampung, from November 1990 to May 1991, with the objective to study the effect of mineral composition on the growth and health of black pepper plant. Materials used were two months old black peper plants, grown in black polybags containing 4 kg growth medium, consisting of a mixture of top soil, cow dung, and sand at the ratio of 2:1:1, respectively. Twelve treatments consisting of composition of nitrogen, phosphorus and potasium were tested in a Completely Randomized Design, with 3 replications and 9 plants per treatment. The treatments were different combinations of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P2O5) and potassium (K2O). The ratios of N=1, P2O5=1,2,3 and K2O=1,2,3,4. Each combination of NPK was diluted in distilled water then poured around the base of the plants. Each plant was subjected for pouring 10 times with a weekly interval. All the treated plants were then inoculated with Phytophthora capsici by pouring 50 ml suspension of the fungus around the base of the stem. Parameters were observed two weeks after inoculation, including growth index, dry weight of shoots and roots, and number of dead plants. Results of this study indicated that the composition of NPK (1:3:4) was the best on plant growth, followed by NPK (1:2:4) and NPK (1:1:3). The best composition on the tolerance to Phytophthora capsici was NPK (1:3:3), followed by NPK (1:3:4) and NPK (1:2:2). In general, the best fertilizer composition was NPK (1:3:4), followed by NPK (1:3:3) and NPK (1:2:2). (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre, Library




NO. 108110

Long pepper (Piper retrofractum)
Tanaman cabe Jawa

Januwati, M; Emmyzar
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Issue on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 10 (1): 36-42 (1994)

Abstract:
Long pepper can be propagated vegetatively and generatively. The vegetative method is commonly applied by the use of cuttings, and may produce superior and homogeneous plant materials in a short time. Therefore, the availability of superior, healthy, and good condition of mother plants are important. The gowth of cuttings depend among others on planting material, growth medium, and environmental conditions. Cuttings taken from orthotropic stem and runners grew far better than that of plagiotropic stems. The number of nodes may affect the time spent at the nursery, but in common it takes about 6-12 months. The growth medium commonly used is a mixture of top soil, sand, and stable manure plus 12.5 g NPK (12:12:17:2) in 10 kg growth medium. It will improve plant growth, shorten the juvenile stage and increase the number of fruits. The most important environmental conditions are relative humidity, aeration, temperature and shading. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication




NO. 105592

Effects of cytozime and bud wounding on the growth of single-node cuttings of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh sitozim dan perlukaan bakal tunas terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada (Piper nigrum L.) satu ruas

Nursetyaning, DAGED
Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER]; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta, Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER], 1995; 46p

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to study the effects of cytozime and bud wounding on the growth of one-node cuttings of pepper. It was conducted at the Experimental and Educational Garden of Institut Pertanian STIPER, Yogyakarta from October 3, 1994 to January 3, 1995, at 118 m altitude and on regosol soil type. The experiment was laid out following a factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD). There were two treatments, namely cytozime concentrations (0, 1.25, 2.50, and 3.75 ppm) and bud wounding (wounded and unwounded). Each treatment combination was replicated three times and used three pepper cuttings. The results showed that: 1. Cytozime at 3.75 ppm increased the growth of cuttings. 2. Wounding the bud could not improve the growth of cutting in comparison to unwounded one. 3. There was no interaction effect between the cytozime treatment and wounding of bud on the growth of pepper cutting. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER] Library,




NO. 76230

Investigation of the polyphenol from Piper lolot
Nghien cuu thanh phan polyphenol va kha nang khang khuan cua la Lot

Le Ngoc Tu; ao
Tap chi Nong nghiep va Cong nghiep Thuc pham [Journal of Agriculture and Food Industry] 11: 437-438 (1995)

Abstract:
The leaves of Piper lolot have been investigated for their possible antibacterial properties. The ethereal extract of Piper lolot essential oil has an inhibiting effect on Candida albicans. By chromatographic analysis on Lc CAMG scanner, 9 active compounds of the flavonoids of Piper lolot have been isolated and determined.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 108189

Effects of kind and composition of stable manure on the cutting growth of four cultivars of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh jenis dan komposisi pupuk kandang terhadap pertumbuhan setek empat varietas lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Asnawi, R
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; South Lampung, Sumatra, Indonesia

Jurnal Tanah Tropika [Tropical Soil Journal] 2 (2): 78-83 (1996)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted at the greenhouse of Natar Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops South Lampung, from October to December 1987 to evaluate the effect of kinds and composition of stable manure on the growth of four cultivars of black pepper. There treatments were 3 factors, i.e.: stable manures (chicken manure, goat manure, and cattle manure); composition of soil + manures + sand (1:1:1) and (2:1:1); black pepper cultivars (Natar 1, Natar 2, Petaling 1 and Petaling 2). The results showed that the interaction of stable manure, composition of soil + manures + sand (2:1:1), and cv. Petaling 1 gave a better effect on the growth of roots and shoots of cuttings than the other treatments, as shown from parameters of length of primary roots, dry weight of roots, height of shoots, number of leaves, and dry weight of shoots. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 104761

Effect of N, P and K fertilization on the gowth of bushy pepper seedlings
Pengaruh pemupukan N, P dan K terhadap pertumbuhan bibit lada perdu

Barus, J
Natar Research Station for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Lampung, Sumatra, Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 8 (2): 61-64 (1993)

Abstract:
An experiment was carried out at the lath-house of Natar Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops, from May to September 1993 to evaluate the effect of three dosages of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on the growth of plagiotropic pepper cuttings. The treatments were: 1) without fertilizers (N0), 2) 0.225 N (N1), 3) 0.450 N (N2), 4) 0.900 N g/plant (N3), 5) 0.225 N + 0.230 P2O5 (N1+P), 6) 0.450 N + 0.230 P2O5 (N2+P), 7) 0.900 N + 0.230 P2O5 (N3+P), 8) 0.225 N + 0.300 K2O (N1+K), 9) 0.450 N + 0.300 K2O (N2+K), 10) 0.900 N + 0.3000 K2O (N3+K), 11) 0.225 N + 0.230 P2O5 + 0.300 K2O (N1+P+K), 12) 0.450 N + 0.230 P2O5 + 0.300 K2O (N2+P+K), 13) 0.900 N + 0.230 P2O5 + 0.300 g/plant K2O (N3+P+K). A Randomized Completely Block Design was used with two replications and eight plants/treatment. Result showed that the combination of 0.225 N + 0.230 P2O5 + 0.300 g/plant K2O gave the best growth of young bushy pepper plant. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Library




NO. 106097

Effects of triacontanol concentration and nitrogen fertilizer dosage on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) short cuttings
Pengaruh konsentrasi triakontanol dan dosis pupuk nitrogen terhadap pertumbuhan bibit turus pendek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Sugiarto
Faculty of Forestry, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER]; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta, Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER], 1996; 79p

Abstract:
An experiment to study the effect of triacontanol and nitrogen fertilizer dosage on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum) short cuttings had been carried out in the Educational and Experimental Garden of the Institut Pertanian STIPER. The garden is located at 118 m above sea level with regosol soil type. The experiment was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with two factors. The first factor was urea fertilizer dosage (D), consisting of four levels, i.e. D0= 0 g/plant (control), D1= 0.5, D2= 1, and D3= 1.5 g/plant. The second factor was concentration of triacontanol (K), consisting of four levels, i.e. K0= 0 ppm (control), K1= 0.5, K2= 0.75, and K3= 1.5 ppm. The result of the experiment was as followed: 1. No influence interaction between application of triacontanol and the nitrogen fertilizer dosage. 2. The application of triacontanol concentration and nitrogen fertilizer dosage gave effects to growth of pepper cuttings. 3. Application of urea 0.79186 g/plant gave optimum growth to pepper cuttings. 4. The traditional treatment concentration of 0.75 ppm triacontanol gave to the optimum growth of pepper cuttings. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER] Library,




NO. 109460

Analysis of chemical component of kava (Piper methysticum Forst.f) leaves
Analisis komponen kimia daun wati (Piper methysticum Forst.f)

Agusta, A; Jamal, Y; Chairul
Treub Laboratory, Research and Development Centre for Biology; Jl.Ir.H.Juanda 22, Bogor 16122, Indonesia

Berita Biologi [Biological News] 4 (2&3): 53-59 (1998)

Abstract:
"Wati" (Piper methysticum, kava) leaves has been used as a narcotic in some parts of Irian Jaya since a long time ago. The GCMS analysis of wati leaves' organic extracts (hexane, chloroform and methanol) has detected 48 compounds consisting of alkanes, oxygenated hydrocarbons, fatty acid, steroids and alkaloids, including 5 major compounds, i.e. dihydrokawain, anisol p-undecyl, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihyroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-on, levulinic acid and one unknown compound. Forty-three other minor compounds are discussed. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 106134

Effects of shading and growth stimulating substance on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh naungan dan zat perangsang tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Purwaningsih, O
Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER]; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta, Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER], 1994; 86p

Abstract:
An experiment to study the effect of shading and growth stimulating substance on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum) cuttings was carried out in the Experimental and Educational Garden of the Institut Pertanian STIPER from December 5, 1993 to February 27, 1994. A Split-Plot Design consisting of two factors was used in this study. The first factor was three levels of shading, i.e. 25% (N1), 50% (N2), and 75% light intensities (N3). The second factor was 4 levels of growth stimulant, i.e. control (A0), 0.025% (A1), 0.05% (A2) and 0.1% (A3) atonik concentrations. The followings were the result of the experiment : 1. There was no interaction between shading and concentration of atonik. 2. There was linear relationship between shading levels and the growth of pepper, the optimum light intensity was 25%, and N3 (75% light intensity) retarded the growth of cutting. 3. The best atonik concentrations were 0.05% and 0.1%. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER] Library,




NO. 109603

The effects of organic fertilizer and watering method on the growth of Piper retrofractum
Pengaruh pupuk organik dan cara pemberian air terhadap pertumbuhan cabe jamu

Siswanto, B; Mintarto M; Nugroho, A; Rahadi, B
Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University; Malang 65145, East Java, Indonesia

Agrivita 20 (2): 72-74 (1997)

Abstract:
A greenhouse experiment was conducted at the Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University in Malang, East Java to gather information on the effect of organic fertilizer on the growth of Piper retrofractum. The experiment was laid out in a factorial design, consisting of four levels of organic fertilizer dosage and two levels of irrigation time, with three replications. The results of the this experiment showed that there was an interaction between the dosage of organic fertilizer and irrigation time. Neither result showed the increase in water content resulted from the increase in dosage of organic fertilizer. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 111244

The effect of concentration and preparation mathod of betel pepper (Piper betle L.) leaf suspension on the major pest population and yield of Capsicum annuum L.
Pengaruh kadar dan cara penyiapan suspensi daun sirih (Piper betle L.) terhadap populasi hama utama dan hasil cabai besar (Capsicum annuum L.)

Hakim, L; Martono, E; Supangkat Sm , G
Agr. UMY (Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta) [Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Muhammadiyah University, Yogyakarta] 7 (1): 15-19 (1999)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted with the aim to study the toxicity and effectivity of Piper betle leaf suspension for controlling major pest and yield of Capsicum annuum. The experiment was conducted in the Karangwaru Lor village, Tegalrejo, Yogyakarta from June to October 1997. This experiment was arranged in a factorial Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD). The first factor was Piper betle leaf suspension concentration, consisting of 4 levels 0, 0.5, 1 and 2 kg/l of water. The second factor was preparation method consisting of 2 levels: soaking and without soaking. The results of experiment showed that Piper betle leaf suspension 1 kg/l of water was able to control the population of Aphis sp. pest. Preparation method of Piper betle leaf suspension gave no effect. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 73132

Persicaria hydropiper
Nghe ram

Vo Van Chi
Nhung cay thuoc thong thuong [Popular medicinal plants]; Dongthap, Dongthap Publishing House, 1988; p 207-209

Abstract:
Persicaria hydropiper (synonym: Polygonum hydropiper) grow naturally in low and humid places (lake and pond sides) of Longan, Dongthap, Haugiang and Kiengiang provinces. It is harvested when it is flowering. It tastes hot like pepper, so it is used as diuretic, styptic, laxative, etc.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 73719

Piper lolot
La lot

Vo Van Chi
Cay rau lam thuoc [Vegetables for medicine]; Dong Thap, Dong Thap Publishing House, 1998; p 114-115

Abstract:
Piper lolot leaves are used as spice vegetable to cook fish or snail soup. The plant can be used as medicine to treat indigestion, rheumatism, vomiting, diarrhoea, backache, nose inflammation, and toothache.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 20463

Studies of in vitro propagation of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Chua, BK
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MARDI Research Bulletin 8 (2): 155-162 (1980)

Abstract:
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) variety Kuching was successfully propagated in vitro through the 'node culture' method. Murashige and Skoog's medium containing 0.1 to 0.5 ppm of Benzylaminopurine (BAP) was effective in inducing multiple-shoot proliferation from node explants. Plantlets were successfully established in the soil. Callus was also induced from stem-segment explants cultured on MS medium containing various levels of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) or Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA). However, attempts to subculture and redifferentiate the callus yield negative results.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25254

Chemical constituents of Piper sp.


Nalinah, P; Farediah, A
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia; Skudai, Johor, Malaysia

Natural Products Research in Malaysia 1999; A compilation of papers presented at the 15th National Natural Products Seminar, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang; 2-3 November 1999; p 14-16

Abstract:
Piper is one of the largest genera under Piperaceae. Piper species are noted to contain various classes of natural product compounds. These include amide derivatives, flavones, chalcones, kawapyrones, lignans, sterols, terpenes, amino acids, vitamins and carbohydrates. Chemical studies on the constituents of Piper sp. (AZ 6085) have been carried out. Sesamin, a neolignan and rileyiamide were isolated from the petroleum ether extract. The ethyl acetate extract afforded 2-phenyl-5,7-dimethoxy-flavone, which was found toxic against Artemia salina with ED50 58.90 ppm.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 66449

Long pepper (Piper retrofractum Vahl) cultivation programme around Gondang dam in Mojokerto Forest District area
Program penanaman cabe (Piper retrofractum Vahl) di sekitar waduk Gondang, wilayah hutan KPH Mojokerto

Soesilotomo, PS
Duta Rimba [Jungle Envoy] 18 (141-142): 21-23 (1992)

Abstract:
Long pepper (Piper retrofractum) cultivation was enhanced as part of the activity in the Forest Village Community Development Programme of Mojokerto Forest District around Gondang Dam, Lamongan Regency aiming at the rehabilitation and expansion of long pepper area to compensate the flooded area of 6 villages around the dam in 1987. For the villagers around the dam, long pepper has been the main trade commodity since far back before the second world war. For the first step, it is targetted to plant long pepper in a 20 ha area. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 66533

Effect of salinity on the growth of black pepper
Pengaruh salinitas terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman lada

Murni, AM; Sudiadi, E
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 7 (1): 15-18 (1992)

Abstract:
To evaluate the effect of salinity on the growth of black pepper (Piper nigrum), an experiment was conducted at the greenhouse of the Natar Sub Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops, from August to November 1991. Four levels of salinity, i.e. 1.00 ds/m, 3.50 ds/m, 6.00 ds/m, and 8.50 ds/m were tested on three varieties of black pepper, namely Belantung, Lampung Daun Lebar and Jambi. A factorially Randomized Block Design was used with three replications and six plants for each treatment. The result showed that the salinity affected the growth of black pepper, starting from an electrical conductifity of 6.00 ds/m. The cvs. Lampung Daun Lebar and Jambi showed the most tolerance of salinity up to an electrical conductivity of 8.50 ds/m. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Scientific Documentation and Information Centre, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 20616

Utilization of pepper genetic resources in Malaysia


Saad, MS; Yap, TC
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Malaysian Applied Biology 16 (1): 53-69 (1987)

Abstract:
Utilization of pepper genetic resources in Malaysia is aimed mainly toward producing cultivars resistant to pests and diseases, especially foot rot disease and root knot nematodes and with good yielding ability. To meet the need for genetic variability, germplasm collections are made which include and identified Piper species obtained from various producing areas by ARC and MARDI. Three Indonesian cultivars (Djambi, Balanchotta and Belantung) and two Indian cultivars (Kalluvally and Cheriyakaniakkadan) are least susceptible to both foot rot disease and root knot nematodes. Two Piper species, Piper colubrinum and Piper obliquum were found resistant to the foot rot disease. Intervarietal and interspecific crosses have so far resulted in several foot-rot-resistant lines. These lines are being evaluated agronomically. Heterografting between the rootstocks of Piper colubrinum and Piper nigrum were not successful in combining the foot rot resistance and high-yielding characters. Problems responsible for the slow progress in pepper improvement are discussed.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 13921

The efficiency of bioactive plant substances on 10 genera of phytopathogenic fungi
Prasitthiphap khong san ok rit chak phut nai kan khuapkhum chua ra sahet rok phut 10 sakun

Kopraditsakun, W; Rattanakrithakan, C
Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University; Bangkok, Thailand

Abstract of the 31st Kasetsart University Annual Conference; Bangkok, Kasetsart University, 1993; p 52

Abstract:
Sixty and thirty-five plant samples from North-Eastern and Southern parts of Thailand were extracted with 95% ethanol. The filtrates were evaporated and put in a refrigerator. The efficiency of bioactive substances were tested with 10 genera of 12 phytopathogenic fungi such as: Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Phoma sp., Helminthosporium turcicum, Schlertium sp., Curvularia lunata, Botryodiplodia sp., Pestalozia sp. and Trichconis sp. The efficiency of each sample were tested on PDA at the concentration of 10,000, 5000 and 1000 ppm. The vegetative growth was measured and compared with that of the non-treated sample 3 to 4 days after inoculation. The result revealed that bioactive substances at concentration of 10,000 ppm of 11 plant samples could completely inhibit the vegetative growth of all tested pathogens. They were wanfai, khamin-khrua, hangki-noi, huakho, singkhai-ton, payom, rakrangdi, Phlai, Dipri-chuak, and Pradu, but some of them were only slighly effected. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 92529

Philippine plants as possible sources of antifertility agents


Herrera, CL; Ramos, EV; Villanueva, BA
The Philippine Journal of Science 113 (1-2): 91-129 (1984);|HERDIN Database. P890383.MFN 001138

Abstract:
Two lists of plants (a) those reputed to have antifertility and abortifacient properties, and (b) those tested in animals or humans, are presented. While many of these plants have already been tested for antifertility activities and proven to be effective in animals and/or humans, some of the studies reveal that there are many deficiencies of in-vivo experiments in animals. Some plants that have been thoroughly studied are the ordinary pea or 'sitsaro' (Pisum sativum), 'buding' (Pisum hydropiper) and 'kamala' (Mallotus philippensis). Gossypol isolated from Gossypium herbaceum and m-xylohydroquinone isolated from Pisum sativum have already been tried in humans and found effective. Similar works of various authors are cited.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library; Department of Science and Technology; Bicutan, Tagig, Metro Manila, Philippines; phone: (63) (2) 8372 942, 8372 924; fax: (63) (2) 8372 942
Email: pchrd@pchrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 815

Some notes on "ragi tape", an inoculum for "tape" fermentation


Soedarsono, J
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Ilmu Pertanian [Agricultural Science] 1 (6): 235-241 (1972)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2303

Contamination of medicinal crop products by microorganisms
Pencemaran hasil panen tanaman obat oleh mikroorganisma

Hadad, EA; Sitepu, D; Mulya, K; Nurawan, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 2(1): 23-31(1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2343

Production of pesticide active elements from biological resources
Pembuatan bahan aktif pestisida dari sumber hayati

Ralnawety, E
Research Institute for Fertilizers and Petro-chemistry; Jakarta; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian [Research Bulletin] 34: 1-9(1985-1986)

Availability :
Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3491

Traditional agroforestry system as a firewood resource
Sistem 'agroforestry' tradisional sebagai sumber kayu bakar

Soemarwoto, O; Christanty, L; Abdoellah, OS; Karyono
Institute of Ecology; Padjadjaran University; Bandung; Indonesia

Proceedings Seminar Peningkatan Penyediaan dan Pemanfaatan Kayu sebagai Sumber Energi [Proceedings of Seminar on the Improvement of Supply and Utilization of Woods as Energy Resources]; Tambunan, B et al(eds); Bogor; Fakultas Kehutanan IPB; 1979; p

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library




NO. 11602

Poison in feed plants
San phit nai phuet arhan sat

Satchipanon, C
Animal Nutrition Division; Department of Livestock Development; Bangkok; Thailand

Warasan Pasusat [Livestock Journal] 10(117): 29-33(1983)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 20898

Miscellaneous crops
Tanaman pelbagai

Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Lapuran Tahunan MARDI [MARDI Annual Report] 1987; p10-11

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 20928

Annual report 1985: Miscellaneous Crops Research Division


Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Annual Report; 1985; 154p

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21284

Crop production handbook Vol 1. Agronomy and crop protection


Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Kuching; Department of Agriculture; 1985; 114p

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 35133

Production and management of plantation crops in selected farms in Quezon and Davao


Abarro, CA, Jr
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1982; 110p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 35540

Intercropping coconut with cacao in small farm areas


Tan, RC
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; 1980; 56p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 36433

Strains of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria (Doige)Dye in the Philippines


Alovero, RB
MSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna; 1983; xiip; 98p

Availability :
Library; Department of Plant Pathology; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 36434

Bacteriocin production by Pseudomonas solanacearum EF Smith and biocontrol of tobacco bacterial wilt by its avirulent bacteriocin producing strain


Ayo, AL
MSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna; 1989; xixp; 108p

Availability :
Library; Department of Plant Pathology; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 40377

Nutritional status of a sago-eating community in the Purari delta, Gulf province


Ulijaszek, SJ
Nutritionist; Gulf Provincial Government; Gulf province; Papua New Guinea

IASER Discussion Paper No.44; 1982; p77-97

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 61350

Cultivation/conservation of medicinal plants in the PT 'Air Mancur' Estate
Budidaya/pelestarian tanaman obat di Perkebunan PT "Air Mancur"

Kardiyono; Arifin, Z
PT Air Mancur; Solo; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Pembudidayaan Tanaman Obat [Proceedings of the Seminar on Cultivation of Medicinal Plants]; Purwokerto; 1985; p.66-73

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63122

Effect of some concentrations application of mixtalol plant growth regulator on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) seedlings
Pengaruh pemberian beberapa konsentrasi zat pengatur tumbuh mixtalol terhadap pertumbuhan bibit lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Sondang, Y.
Thesis S1; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1987; p.1-71

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63319

Bacteriological examination on the presence of antimicrobial components in some original Indonesian medicinal plants
Pengujian secara bakteriologik terhadap adanya zat antimikroba pada beberapa tanaman obat asli Indonesia

Pandia, K.S.
Thesis; Faculty of Biology; National University; Jakarta; Indonesia; 1978

Availability :
National University; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63455

Palm trees of ceylon
Tanaman palem di Srilanka

Popham, S.
The Bulletin (2): 33-38(1985)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63798

Development of medicinal plants cultivation
Pengembangan budidaya tanaman obat-obatan

Kustono
Proceedings of the Workshop on Medicinal Crops Cultivation; Purwokerto; 1985; p.14-15

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63813

Living chemist's to treat hepatitis
Apotek hidup untuk mengobati hepatitis

Kompas, Jakarta (6 November); 1988

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 64470

Pollution of medicinal crops harvest yield by microorganism
Pencemaran hasil panen tanaman obat oleh mikroorganisme

Hadad, E.R.; Sitepu, D.; Mulya, K.; Nurawan, A.
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 2 (1): 23-31 (1987)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 65135

Traditional agroforestry at Gunung Bunder II village, Cibungbulang subdistrict, Bogor district, West Java
Agroforestri tradisional di desa Gunung Bunder II, Kecamatan Cibungbulang, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat

Priarso, S.R.
S1 Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; Nasional University; 1986; 56 p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office




NO. 67236

Chances of the intercrops planting between productive 'pinang' (Areca catechu) stands
Peluang mengusahakan tanaman sela diantara tanaman pinang produktif

Maliangkay, R.B.
Peneliti Agronomi, BALITKA; Manado; Indonesia

Buletin BALITKA (17): 61-68(1992)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 68298

Host spectrum of 'gegaja' (Lephobaris serratipes Marsh) pest
Kisaran inang hama gegaja (Lephobaris serratipes Marsh)

Suprapto; Mustika, O.R.; Martono; Karmawati, R.
Sub Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops]; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (3): 9-14(1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68229

Development pattern of wild plants and medicinal crops in Indonesia
Pola pengembangan tumbuhan dan tanaman obat di Indonesia

Sudiarto; Rosmelisa, P.; Affandi, S.
Balittro [Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops]; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah; Hasil Penelitian Plasma Nurfah dan Budidaya Tanaman Obat, Bogor 2-3 Maret 1992; Buku II. Editors (Sitepu, D., et al); Seri Pengembangan (20): 105-113(1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68607

High quality plant material requirement for medicinal plant
Persyaratan bahan tanaman bermutu tanaman obat

Hasanah, Maharani; Mustika, Ika; Sitepu, Djiman
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Hasil Penelitian Plasma Nutfah dan Budidaya Tanaman Obat; Bogor, 2-3 Maret 1992; Buku I; Sitepu, D(ed); Karmawati, E(ed); Januwati, M(ed); Rosita, SMD(ed; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; Seri Pengembangan (19): 69-77(1992)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 69109

Ethnozoological survey on Melayu society and Kubu tribe in Riau and Jambi provinces: Animals and traditional medicines
Survey ethnozoology terhadap masyarakat Melayu dan suku Kubu di Propinsi Riau dan Jambi: Hewan dan obat tradisional

Maryanto, Ibnu; Saim, Ahmad; Danielsen, Fim
Research and Development Institute for Zoology; Bogor; Indonesia

Rain Forest and Resource Management, Proceeding of Norindra Seminar-Jakarta 25-26 May 1993, Indonesian Institute Science (LIPI); 1993; p61-66

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 80017

Community forest in Citangtu, Kuningan, West Java


Mardiyono; Rachlan
Sub-Center for Land Rehabilitation and Soil Conservation, Indonesia

Social Forestry in Indonesia. Workshop report. Field Document No. 25. Regional Wood Energy Development Programme in Asia, FAO, Bangkok, 1990, pp45-49

Availability :
International Agrarian Centre (IAC), Lawickse Allee 11, 6701 AN Wageningen, the Netherlands




NO. 101051

Study on the nutrient value of 'bakso sapi' (beef meat balls) in Bogor
Studi tentang nilai gizi bakso sapi di Kotamadya Bogor

Sunarlim, Roswita
Research Institute for Livestock; Ciawi; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi Peternakan, Pengolahan dan Komunikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Science and Technology of Animal Husbandry, Processing and Communication of Research Results], Ciawi Bogor 25-26 Januari 1994; Bakrie, B(ed); Haryanto, B (ed); Wina, E(ed); Kompiang, I.P.(ed); Dwiyanto, K(ed); Bogor; Balai Penelitian Ternak; 1994; Vol.1; p. 281-287

Availability :
Research Centre for Livestock; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106364

Natural ingredients which abolish body and mouth odour
Ramuan alamiah penghilang bau badan dan mulut

Sarwono, B.
Trubus 27(315): 15-17(1996)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2115

Some experiments on foliar application of Wuxal liquid fertilizer in peanut,soybean,maize and Mentha piperita
Beberapa percobaan pemupukan melalui daun dengan pupuk cair Wuxal terhadap tanaman kacang tanah,kedele,jagung dan Mentha piperita

Darsa, JS; Sutidjo, D
Agronomy Department; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Agronomi [Agronomy Bulletin] 4 (3): 1-5 (1973)

Availability :
Central Library for Agriculture and Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6256

Effect of mulching on the fluctuations of soil temperature and humidity and the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn. cv. Buloh Belantung)
Pengaruh penggunaan mulsa terhadap fluktuasi suhu dan kelengasan tanah serta pertumbuhan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn. var. Buloh Belantung)

Djajanti, D
Laporan Masalah Khusus Jurusan Geofisika & Meteorologi [Report on a Special Issue of the Geophysics and Meteorology Department]; Bogor; FMIPA-IPB; 1986; 101p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 9118

Effect of black pepper extract residue on the control of Sitophilus sp. infestation in dried corn grain
Pengaruh residu ekstrak lada hitam terhadap kontrol infestasi Sitophilus sp. pada jagung pipil kering

Radianti, M
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 19??

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 20063

Notes on current investigations and extension work - October to December 1956


The Malayan Agricultural Journal 40 (1): 39-46 (1956)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20123

Notes on extension work,October to December 1951


Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 35 (1): 53-56 (1952)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 23125

Fusarium as a pathogen and toxin
Fusarium sebagai penyebab penyakit dan keracunan

Baharuddin, S
School of Biological Sciences; Science University of Malaysia; Penang

Buletin Penyelidikan Pusat Pengajian Sains Kajihayat (1990)

Availability :
Science University of Malaysia; Penang




NO. 69059

Family medicinal crops
Tanaman obat keluarga (Toga)

Anonymous
Liptan (Lembaran Informasi Pertanian/Agricultural Information Leaflet); Balai Informasi Pertanian Kalimantan Timur No.168/APBN/1993

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103634

Mineral concentration of silages made from pearl millet and some sorghum varieties harvested at different maturity stages
Konsentrasi mineral pada silase yang terbuat dari pearl millet dan beberapa jenis sorghum yang dipanen pada stadium kemasakan yang berbeda

Gusti Made Oka
Department of Nutrition and Animal Feed; Faculty of Animal Husbandry; Udayana University; Denpasar; Bali; Indonesia

Majalah Ilmiah Unud [Udayana University Science Journal] 21 (40): 46-49 (1994)

Abstract:
The field experiment using a Randomized Completely Block Design on a silty-clay loam soil (Rhodic Paleudult) was carried out at Huntsville, Alabama-USA. The study was to know the effect of maturity stages on mineral concentration of silages made from Gahi 3 pearl miler (Pennisetum typhoides), Sudax sorghum hybrid (Sorghum vulgare X Sorghum sudanese), Funk birds- resistant grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), and Early Sumae forage sorghum (Sorghum vulgare). The results showed that the Ca content of silages made from all of these crops was significantly influenced (P<0.05) by maturity stages of harvest. Its percentage in pearl miller and grain sorghum increased significantly (P<0.05) as crop advanced in maturity. In contrast, it decreased (P<0.05) in silages of Sudax and forage sorghum. At any stage of crop maturity, P content of all these crop silages was almost the same (P>0.05), except in grain sorgum silages in which significant decrease was found from milk to dough stage (P<0.05). Similar result as in P content was also found in K content, but with a significant decrease (P<0.05) from flowering to milk and dough stages. Without exception, silages made from all of these crops harvested at different maturity stages contained comparable percentage of Mg. For micronutrient elements, stage of maturity significantly influenced (P<0.05) the Cu content of silages made from pearl miller and grain sorghum. However, in Sudax and forage sorghum silages no influence was found (P>0.05). In silages of Sudax and forage sorghum, Zn content was significantly affected (P<0.05) by stage of cutting, while in those made from millet and grain sorghum was not (P>0.05). For the Mn content, its effect was similar to that of the Zn content. Another similarity was also found between its effect on the Fe content and the Cu content. In addition, all of the mineral contents found in this experiment were within the usual range, except the Cu content of silages made from grain sorghum harvested at milk and dough stages which was twice as much as that of its common range.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 33937

Protectant effect of powdered black pepper,neem,and sugar apple seeds on stored cereals against Rhyzopertha dominica (Fab.)


Chaiyaboot, S
MSc thesis; Mu¤oz; Nueva Ecija; Central Luzon State University; 1988; xvp; 81p

Availability :
Library; Central Luzon State University; Mu¤oz; Nueva Ecija; Philippines




NO. 64260

Plant diseases found in land which was formerly an alang-alang infested area
Penyakit-penyakit tanaman di lahan bekas alang-alang

Pusposendjojo, N.
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Laporan Tim LSLK-UGM Unit Sanggan [Report of the "LSLK" Team-Gadjah Mada University, Sanggan Unit]; Bidang Ilmu Penyakit Tumbuhan; August, 1982; 22 p

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 12435

Antimicrobial activities of some medicinal plants
Kan thotsop rit khong samunphrai thai to chua ra

Khongsupphalak, K; trinut, A; Thawonset, T; Wutudomloet, M
Bot katyo khrongkan phiset [Abstracts of Special Research Project] 2518-2523; Bangkok; Mahidol University; p6

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 67950

Disease survey on industrial crops in Indonesia


Kobayashi, T; Oniki, M; Matsumoto, K; Djiwanti, S.R; Rachmat, A; Manohara, D; Tombe, M; Wahyuno, D; Nurawan, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia|Jica Short-term Expert|Jica Long-term Expert

Proceedings of final seminar of the joint-study programme ATA-380 (Srengthening research and disease of industrial crops in Indonesia); Sitepu, D. (ed); Manohara, D. (ed); Oniki, M. (ed); Japan International Cooperation Agency; Agency for Agricultural Research and Development; 1992; p73-89

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 101794

Diagnostic manual for industrial crop disease in Indonesia


Kobayashi, T; Oniki, M; Matsumoto, K; Sitepu, Dj; Manohara, D; Tanba, M; Djiwanti, S.R; Nurawan, A; Rachmat, A; Wahyuno, D; Nazarudin, S.B
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Japan International Cooporation Agency and Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; 1993; ATA-380 Programme; 107p

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 10989

Spices
Phuet khruangthet

Sadudee, S
Department of Plant Science; Prince of Songkhla University; Thailand

Phuetsartsarn [Plant Science Newsletter] 2 (4): 9-12 (1980)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 11362

A pharmacological study on the Thai medicinal plants used as cathartics and antispasmodics
Kan suksa lae khonkhwa thang phesatwitthaya khong phuet samunphrai thi chai pen ya thai lae ya kae puatthong

Apisariyakul, A; Anantasan, V
Tenth Conference of Science and Technology of Thailand, Chiang Mai University, 25-27 October 1984; p452|TISTR Bibliographical Series No.9; 1986; p6; Abstract No.11

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 23544

The essential oils of some Malaysian plants and their potential uses


Ibrahim, J; Nor Azah, M.A; Azizol, A.K
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kepong; Selangor

Proceedings of the Second Chemistry Division Seminar 29 February 1992; p64-68

Abstract:
In the course of a study on the volatile components of some Malaysian aromatic plants, the essential oils of Dipterocarpus kerrii, Sindora velutina, Lindera pipercarpa, Clausena lansium and seven Cinnamomum species were investigated and their chemical compositions determined. The oils were also assessed for their potential as raw materials for pharmaceutical and technical applications. At present the essential oils remain trapped in the wilds of our tropical rain forest and their potential as a source of income is ignored. To promote the growth of essential oil industry in Malaysia the Government has included essential oil crops as one of the priority crops after rubber, oil palm and cocoa, under the 1986 Fifth Industrial Master Plan (I.M.P. report 1986 - 1995). The studies on the chemical aspects and utilization of the essential oils would enhance their potential as useful sources of raw materials for pharmaceutical and technical preparations and promote the growth of an essential oil industry in Malaysia.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 33995

Dehydration of herbs and spices


De Leon, S.Y; Bravo, O.C; Martinez, L.O
Fruits and vegetables dehydration manual; [place ?; publisher ?]; 1988; p121-133

Availability :
National Library; Filipiniana and Asia Division; Ermita; Manila; Philippines




NO. 2663

Research and development of essential oils in Indonesia
Penelitian dan pengembangan minyak atsiri Indonesia

Rusli, S; Nurdjanah, N; Sudiarto; Sitepu, D; Ardi, S; Sitorus, D.T
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] (2): 10-35 (1985)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2675

Conservation and utilization of spice and medicinal crops genetic resources
Upaya pelestarian dan pemanfaatan plasma nutfah tanaman rempah dan obat

Wahid, P
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 3 (1): 1-5 (1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3343

Exports of spices and fishery products
Ekspor rempah-rempah dan hasil perikanan

Gultom, C; Soewardji, R.I
National Export Development Board; Ministry of Commerce; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Pengawetan Makanan Dengan Iradiasi [Proceedings of Seminar on Food Preservation by Irradiation]; Soegiarto, C et al (eds.); Jakarta; 1983; p113-118

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 34089

A survey of the antibacterial properties of some local plant products


Sadili, M.V
Centro Escolar University; Manila; Philippines

Graduate and Faculty Studies 5: 158-174 (1954)

Availability :
National Library; Manila; Philippines




NO. 11966

Spices in the 6th National Soc. Econ. Devel. Plan
Phut khruang thet Samunphrai tam phaen phattana setthakit lae sangkhom haeng chat chabap thi 6 (2530-2534)

Khanaphuset, K; Raktham, S
Horticulture Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Journal of the Horticulture Research Institute 11 (7): 100-108 (1988)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 40282

Crops: spices


Twohig, A (ed.)
Appropriate Technology Development Institute; Lae; Papua New Guinea

Liklik buk; a sourcebook for development workers in Papua New Guinea; Lae; Liklik Buk Information Centre; PNG University of Technology; 1986; p114-121

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 100711

Mycoflora on pepper, coriander and nutmeg seeds sold from several markets in Malang
Mikroflora pada biji pala, ketumbar dan pala dari beberapa pasar di Malang

Hastuti, U.S
Department of Biology; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Malang Institute of Teachers' Training and Educational Science; Malang; East Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Pertemuan Ilmiah Tahunan: Peranan Mikrobiologi Dalam Industri Pangan [Proceedings of Annual Scientific Meeting; Roles of Microbiology in Food Industry], 10 Desember 1994; p147-152

Abstract:
Pepper, coriander and nutmeg are some kinds of spices liked by people, because it can be used as spices as well as in cosmetics industries and traditional medicines. Some kinds of molds can grow on those spice seeds and cause damage. The objective of the research was done to know the kinds of contaminant molds on the examined seeds; pepper, coriander, and nutmeg. The sample used for this research were: 100 g bought from several markets: Blimbing, Dinoyo, Oro-Oro Dowo and Pasar Besar in Malang. This research was done during the month July until September 1994. The method used in this research is descriptive method. The inoculation technique used for this research is surface-method on Czapek Agar medium and MEA medium. Molds which grow are described and identified. The result of this research showed that the kinds of contaminant molds found on pepper, coriander, and nutmeg seeds are: Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, A. candidus, A. tamarii, A. penicilloides, A. ochraceus, Penicillium citrinum, P. variable, P. sclerotium, P. verrucosum, Rhizopus sp., Fusarium sp., and Cladosporium sp. This showed that some spesies of mold can grow on pepper, coriander, and nutmeg seeds.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 11274

Backyard herbs with medicinal properties
Phak-suankhrua thi chai pen ya

Areekul, S
TISTR Bibliographical Series No.6; 1980; p9; Medicinal plants in Thailand No.1; Abstract No.16

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 33730

Deterrent effect of yellow ginger (Curcuma longa L.), betel (Piper betle L.) and sweetflag (Acorus calamus L.) extracts on feeding and oviposition behavior of some insect pests of cotton


Solsoloy, A; Rejesus, B.M
Cotton Research Journal (Philippines) 1 (2): 135-145 (1988)

Availability :
Library; Cotton Research Development Institute; Batac; Ilocos Norte; Philippines




NO. 40358

Agroforestry for Papua New Guinea


Tisseverasinghe, A.E.K
Forestry Department; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea

Klinkii 1 (4): 37-49 (year?)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 63558

Introducing medicinal crops
Mengenal tanaman obat-obatan

Anonymous
Banjar Baru Agricultural Information Service (4): 21-23 (1983/1984)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65921

Development of the study of secondary essential oils (clove, nutmeg, ginger, cubeba, cardamom, pepper)
Perkembangan penelitian minyak atsiri sekunder (cengkeh, katu, jahe, kemukus, kapolaga, lada)

Nurdjannah, N; Wahyudi, A; Risfaheri
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah & Obat [Special Edition of Spices and Medicinal Crops Research] 6 (1): 54-65 (1990)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 22888

Effect of irradiation on the flavouring components of black and white pepper


Othman, Z; Umam, R; Alias, SN; Kawaeed, A
Tun Ismail Atomic Centre (PUSPATI); Serdang; Selangor

Proceeding of the National IRPA Seminar (Agriculture), 6-11 January 1992, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Kuala Lumpur; Vol.II (Livestock, Fisheries, Food and harvest, Forestry, General); p584-585

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 22894

Chemical and microbiological qualities of ground pepper


Abidin, H; Muhd.Nor, O
Food Technology Research; Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Proceeding of the National IRPA Seminar (Agriculture), 6-11 January 1992, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Kuala Lumpur; Vol.II (Livestock, Fisheries, Food and harvest, Foresty, General); p637-638

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 23713

Improving the keeping quality of canned green pepper


Puan, S; Mohd Nordin, M.S; Muhd Bakri, T
Food Technology Division; MARDI; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia

MARDI Research Bulletin 12 (2): 211-215 (1984)

Abstract:
Studies were conducted to investigate the keeping quality of canned green pepper. The packing solutions were formulated using sodium chloride, calcium chloride and citric acid. The berries were divided into three stages of maturity i.e. mature, young and very young. It was found that addition of 0.2% citric acid and 0.2% calcium chloride in the packing solution can prevent discoloration and exudation of gelatinized starch up to one year of storage.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 23740

Effects of naphthalene acetic acid and two phenolic substances on rooting of pepper shoots cultured in vitro


Chua, B.K; Siti Shaleha, T
Guthrie Research Chemara; Sg. Ujong; Negeri Sembilan; Malaysia

MARDI Research Bulletin 13 (1): 108-110 (1985)

Abstract:
Root initiation and development of black pepper shoots cultured in vitro was significantly influenced by Napthelene Acetic Acid (NAA). A 0.1 ppm concentration of NAA increased the root weight per plant by 182 percent compared to no application of NAA. There were no significant responses of root weight increases to application of phenolic substances chloroglucinot or chloridzin alone of up to 1 ppm of each concentration, or their combinations.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 23927

Relationship between damages of stem, branch and roots and the pepper vine decline syndrome in Johore


Mohd Anuar, A; Loh, C.F
Malaysian Agricultural Research Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Research Journal 19 (2): 55-61 (1991)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 23969

Preliminary findings on active root distribution of pepper on different supports using 32P tracer


Yau, P.Y; Tham, K.C; Kadmin, B
Horticulture Research Division; MARDI; Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Research Journal 21 (2): 195-200 (1993)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 30092

Paminta in our forests?


Malihan, V.H
Canopy International 7 (7): 12 (1981)

Availability :
Ecosystem Research and Development Bureau; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 30167

Effect of shade on the growth of black pepper cuttings


Barranco, N.V
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1956; 26p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 30325

Stages of fruit maturity in relation to fruit and seed yield of pepper


Bilomong, A.B
Thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1971; 40p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 10990

Black pepper
Ruang narue kiewkap phrikthai

Sadudee, S
Department of Plant Science; Prince of Songkhla University; Thailand

Phuetsartsarn [Plant Science Newsletter] 5 (2): 26-31 (1983)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 11101

Black pepper
Phrikthai

Sitta, K
Office of the Permanent Secretary; Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; Bangkok; Thailand

Agricultural information broadcasted on Radio Thailand; 1976; p36-42

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 11181

Black pepper
Phrikthai phuet klumnoi thi mi khamak

Khamudom, K
Royal Forest Department; Bangkok; Thailand

Bangkok; Thankasettakam Publishing; 1987; 69p

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 67491

Effect of soaking in sucrose and IBA (Indole Butyric Acid) on rooting of plagiotropic cuttings of black pepper
Pengaruh perendaman sukrosa dan IBA (Indole Butyric Acid) pada perakaran lada setek plagiotropic

Zaubin, R; Sunarti, T; Murni, A.M
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 1 (1): 1-4 (1992)

Abstract:
To improve the rooting of black pepper cuttings taken from plagiotropic stems, an experiment was conducted at the greenhouse of the Sub-Research for Spices and Medicinal Crops-Natar, from October 14, 1989 to December 16, 1989. The cuttings were about 15 cm long with three leaves, and taken from a 1.5 year-old mother plant of cv. Belantung. Two major treatments were applied, 1) soaking in sucrose and/or IBA, and 2) soaking period. Results showed that the interaction effect of sucrose + IBA significantly improved the number of cuttings survival and root density, but had no significant effect on other parameters. Overall, the treatment of 4% sucrose + 2% IBA for 2 hours soaking period gave the best result, followed by 2% sucrose and 4% sucrose for 4 and 2 hour soaking periods, respectively. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 11214

Black pepper
Karnpluk phrikthai

Sukhonthasing, S; Chuencharern, S; Suttharot, P; Phattharakosol, S; Tancharern, K; Phlaprukarn, N
Crop Promotion Division; Department of Agricultural Extension; Bangkok; Thailand

Bangkok; Department of Agricultural Extension; 1988; 25p; Agricultural Extension Handbook No.53

Availability :
Library; Department of Agricultural Extension; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 67496

Effects of distillation period and particle size on the yield and physico-chemical properties of white pepper oil waste of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pengaruh lama penyulingan dan ukuran bahan terhadap hasil dan sifat fisiko minyak limbah lada putih (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Lucyana; Sumarsi
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta IHP, Industri Hasil Pertanian [Journal of Agro-based Industry] 10 (1-2): 10-13 (1993)

Abstract:
A study on the effect of distillation period and particle size on yield and physico-chemical properties of white pepper waste had been done. The particle sizes were ground pepper and whole pepper, and the distillation methods were water- and steam distillation for 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 hours. The yield of pepper oil of whole pepper were 1.56, 1.84, 2.56, 2.77, and 2.97%, respectively. For the ground pepper the yield were 2.50, 2.77, 2.81, 2.88 and 3.24%. The main components of the oil were alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, limonene, and beta-caryophyllene. The physico-chemical test showed that the oil was suited the requirements of EOA (Essential Oil Association of America). (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 11814

Bushy black pepper
Phrikthai phum

Anonymous
Extension and Training Unit; Chanthaburi Horticulture Research Center; Department of Agriculture; Thailand

Journal of the Horticulture Research Institute 2 (3): 6-7 (1988)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 11996

Effects of different supporter on growth and yield of black pepper cv Malaysia
Kan suksa kan charoen toepto lae phonphalit khonbg phrikthai phan Malaysia to khang chanit tang tang

Kaeomi, P; Raktham, S; Na Thalang, K
Horticulture Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

[Summary of Experimental Works 1981]; Horticulture Research Institute; Bangkok; p19-20

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 67852

Marketing efficiency of black pepper (Piper nigrum) in Central Lampung district
Efisiensi pemasaran lada hitam di Kabupaten Lampung Tengah

Sadewo, P
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1993; 98p

Abstract:
This was a case study on 1990 in the Central Lampung District, Lampung Province. Here the writer surveyed marketing of black pepper (Piper nigrum). Black pepper is commonly marketed by farmers in the investigated area. The farmers after they harvested their crops, they dried pepper until become black pepper. They stored and sold them later on. The local marketing system of the black pepper in this reseach area is basically between small middleman who live in the villages and collect farm product little by little from the neighboring farmers, and larger traders who engage in the shipment of the commodities collected by the village level middleman to exporters. The transportation cost, the loss and the middleman profit are the main components of marketing margin and they are significantly affected, individually or together. There are two marketing channels of black pepper marketing in the research area. The first marketing channel is from the farmers through village middlemen until exporters. The second is direct to intervillage middlemen until exporters. By selling more black pepper will give the middlemen's marginal cost less. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 15043

Effect of gamma irradiation on fungi and aflatoxin production of Aspergillus flavus in dried chilli and pepper


Jintana Bunnaki; Hitoshi Ito; Pitaya Adulyatam; Vachira Pringsulaka
Biological Sc'ence Division, Office of Atomic Energy or Peace, Bangkok; 10900; Atomic Energy Research Institute, Takasaki city, Guinia Prefecture 370-12, Japan Department of Agro-Industry, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkia 90112

The 35th Kasetsart University Annual Conference; 3-5 February 1997; Bangkok; p258

Abstract:
Most fungi isolated from chili and pepper (whole and powder form) appears to be either: Aspergillus or Penicillium groups. The effect of gamma irradiation on fungi was studied in terms of DIO, value. The DIO values of Aspergillus flavus, obtained in phosphate buffer were 0.22-0.34 kGy while in dried chili (whole and powder form), the DIO values were 0.28-0.63 kGy. These values were used to establish dose for destruction of 107 spores and found to be 5.0 kGy. Using this dose in chili (whole and powder form) can destroy all the fungi. Aflatoxin B, production using irradiated dried chilli and pepper from A. flavus was investigated and the results were compared with those obtained using polished rice. Aflatoxin products, was undetectable in dried chilli and pepper at 5.0 kGy-irradiation.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 63729

Fertilizing pepper
Pemupukan pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
South Sumatera Agricultural Information Service (10); 1988-1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63732

Basal stem rot disease of pepper
Penyakit busuk pangkal batang pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (06); 1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63733

Providing pepper seedlings
Penyediaan bibit tanaman lada

Anonymous
Central Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (03); 1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63735

Pepper seeding through cuttings
Pembibitan lada dengan stek

Anonymous
Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service (08); 1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63792

Introducing Serawak fertization method in pepper
Mengenal cara pemupukan serawak pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
Palembang Agricultural Information Bulletin (02): 14-16 (1987/1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 64176

Effect of defoliation, IBA and saccharose on root growth of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings


Suparman, U; Zaubin, R
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Industrial Crops Research Journal 1 (1); 54-58 (1988)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 64183

Effect of nitro-aromatic subtances in various consentrations and soaking periods on growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh nitro aromatic dalam berbagai konsentrasi dan lama perendaman terhadap pertumbuhan turus tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Riyantoni
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1986; 44p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 64184

Effects of applying the mixture of auxin (Rootone-F) and cutting material on growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh pemberian campuran auxin (Rootone-F) dan bahan turus terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Suhariyanto
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1987; 32p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 64185

Effects of grafting period and auxin (Rootone-F) mixture application on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seedlings of a single node cutting
Lama penyambungan dan pemberian campuran auksin (Rootone-F) pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan bibit lada (Piper nigrum L.) satu mata

Tarmiz
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1987; 78p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 72217

Effects of botanical nematicides HBJ, LBJ in controlling root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) in black pepper
Hieu luc cua thuoc thao moc HBJ, LBJ doi voi tuyen trung gay benh san re ho tieu (Meloidogyne incognita)

Nguyen Ngoc Chau; Nguyen Vu Thanh
Tap chi Bao ve Thuc vat [Journal of Plant Protection] (2): 23-25 (1996)

Abstract:
The results of experiments in the laboratory and the application in the fields on the effect of botanical nematicides HBJ, LBJ were indicated, that these product can control root-knot disease effectively.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 72248

Pepper diseases in Central Vietnam
Sau benh hai c$y ho tieu o mien Trung

Vo Khac Nhuong
Tap chi Bao ve Thuc vat [Journal of Plant Protection] (6): 220-224 (1987)

Abstract:
Some insects and diseases of pepper such as bugs, stem borers, but most important one is long-bug (Leptocorisa acuta) in Central Vietnam. To eliminate the diseases, virus rose fungus, grey spots chemical insecticides such as Furadan, Nemagon mocap, the weedicides, bordeaux 1% or 2% and fertilizers were used.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 72474

Piper nigrum L.
Ho tieu

Do Huy Bich; Nguyen Tap; Tran Toan
Institute of Material Medica; Vietnam

Tai nguyen cay thuoc Vietnam [Medicinal Plants Resources of Vietnam] Hanoi; Scientific and Technical Publishing House: 528-534 (1993)

Abstract:
This plant likes tropical climate, bazan red soils, and can be planted only in the South. Its fruits are harvested twice a year. It is used as spice and condiment and as medicine, which can treat belly-ache, cholera, reduce pain and normalizing digestion.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 72556

The survey on diseases and pests of pepper
Ket qua buoc dau tham do tuyen trung tren Ho tieu

Anonymous
Tap chi bao ve thuc vat [Plant Protection Bulletin] No.9: 13-21 (1974)

Abstract:
Results of the estimation showed that there were 4 insect parasites in the roots and on soils around the roots of pepper. Meloidogyne incognita is the main insect pest of pepper. The insect lives in soils 2-20 cm deep.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 72733

Piper nigrum
Cay tieu

Tran Van Chinh; Le Trung Chinh et al.
The Hospital of National Medicine; Quang Nam-Da Nang

Cay thuoc nam va cac phuong phap phong chua benh don gian tai nha [Traditional Medicinal Plants and Methods of Preventing and Treating Diseases at Home]: 239-240 (1995), Danang

Abstract:
The pepper is propagated by cutting branches. Its fruits (usually called "seeds") can be used to treat belly-ache caused by cold and bad digestion. It is also popular as spice and condiment.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 73114

Piper nigrum L.
Ho tieu

Vo Van Chi
Nhung cay thuoc thong thuong [The Popular Medical Plant] Dongthap, Dongthap publishing house: 141-143 (1988)

Abstract:
It is a climbing plant. Its origin is from India and many are planted in the tropical countries. In Vietnam it is distributed at Hatien, Kiengiang. Pepper is harvested from May until August. The bark of the fruits contain 1-2.5% essential oil, with 10% resins in the seeds. It can be used as medicine to treat stomachache, vomiting, stimulate synovia and nervous system. It can be used as a spice in the meal.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 90152

Etiology of white rot disease of black pepper from Kidapawan, Cotabato


Cantos, V.P; Dionio, B.T; Jover, E.M
USM Coll. Agr. Res. J. 2 (1): 37-41 (1991)

Abstract:
White rot disease of black pepper collected at Kidapawan, Cotabato was found to be caused by a species of Fusarium. The fungus is consistently present in all samples (vine, leaves, and berries). It grows profusely on potato dextrose agar. Pathogenicity test showed that Fusarium sp. caused similar symptoms of white rot when inoculated to healthy black pepper. White rot disease developed 21 days after inoculation.

Availability :
Central Mindanao Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; North Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 91015

Effect of auxine-type hormones of the varied lengths of black pepper cuttings


Macutay, L.F
Nucleus 3 (1 & 2): 13 (1989-1990)

Abstract:
The vigor, growth and the rooting ability of the four types of cuttings treated with the different auxine-type hormones such as Indole Butyric Acid (IBA), Indole Acetic Acid (IAA), Napthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) at a concentration of 10 ppm and plain water were determined at the Horticulture Nursery, Isabela State University, Echague, Isabela from January to April 1979. The cuttings treated with IBA greatly influenced the plant height, leaf size and the root length at a highly significant level. Likewise, the shoot tip cuttings revealed to be the most eficient type of cuttings in the propagation of black pepper. This was measured in terms of plant height, leaf size, root length and root number.

Availability :
c/o Visayas Coordinated Agriculture Research Program; Visayas State College of Agriculture; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines




NO. 62998

Current work on the essential oils and spices in Indonesia


Hamid, A; Jisbar, A
Industrial Crops Research Journal 2 (1): 16-21 (1989)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB)-LIPI; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 108015

Utilization of traditional medicine for dairy cow
Pemakaian obat tradisional untuk sapi perah

Murdiati, T.B; Kusumaningsih, A; Martindah, E
Research Institute for Veterinary Science; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Penelitian Bahan Obat Alami VIII [Proceedings of the 8th Symposium on Research of Natural Medicine]; Bogor, 24-25 Nopember 1994; Perhiba & Balittro; 1996; p235-238

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65464

Analysis of the specific chemical components of pepper (Piper nigrum) and the effects upon the sperm motility
Analisa komponen kimia spesifik lada (Piper nigrum) dan pengaruhnya terhadap motilitas spermatozoa

Thenawidjaja; Situmorang, P.Z; Purba, S
Forum Pasca Sarjana [Postgraduate Forum] (2): 24-35 (1987)

Availability :
Manggala Wanabakti Library; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 65971

The analisys of specific chemical components of pepper (Piper nigrum) and the effects upon sperm motility


Thenawidjaja, M; Situmorang, P.Z; Purba, S
Department of Food Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia|Research Institute for Animal Production (RIAP); Ciawi; Bogor; Indonesia

Indonesian Journal of Tropical Agriculture 1 (1): 32-26 (1989)

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 10995

Vegetables as medicinal herbs
Phuetphak thichai nai ngae samunphrai

Chaimongkon, N
Maejo Institute of Agricultural Technology; Chiang Mai; Thailand

Warasarn Maejo [Maejo Journal] 6 (2): 27-30 (1981)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 2676

Conservation concept of plant genetic resources by in-vitro culture
Konsepsi pelestarian plasma nutfah dengan biakan in-vitro

Mariska, I
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 3 (1): 22-27 (1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 31111

Some local essential oils with anti-bacterial activities for pharmaceutical dosage forms


Manalo, J.B; Coronel, V.Q; Beloy, F.B
NSDB/NSTA Technology Journal 7 (3): 69-71 (1982)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 3217

The analysis of specific chemical components of pepper (Piper nigrum) and the effects upon sperm motility


Thenawidjaja, M; Situmorang, P.Z; Purba, S
Department of Food Technology and Nutrition; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Indonesian Journal of Tropical Agriculture (1): 32-36 (1989)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 36818

Biological extracts for the control of Azolla pathogens


Garcia, R.P; Catalla, A
National Crop Protection Center; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; Laguna

NCPC [National Crop Protection Center] Research Abstracts 1978-1990; p68

Abstract:
Plant species reported to have medicinal value and fungicidal properties on other fungal genera were collected and extracted using water. Crude water extracts of 7 out of 127 plant species screened in vitro for their fungicidal properties showed inhibitory activity against Azolla pathogens (Rhizoctonia- like isolates No. 1 and No. 8 and Sclerotium sp.). Crude garlic extract (Allium sativum) was found most effective against Azolla pathogens. Other plant extracts were particularly effective against specific fungal pathogen tested. All extracts at 1:1 concentration, selasi (Ocimum sanctum) was found quite effective on Rhizoctonia-like No. 1; black pepper (Piper nigrum) was very effective on Rhizoctonia-like No. 8, while bunlao (Justicia gendarusa) and talisay (Terminalia catappa) were quite effective on the same isolate. Kalachuchi (Plumiera acuminata) and tsaang gubat (Ehretia microphylla) were quite effective on Sclerotium spp. Since garlic was found to be the most effective plant extract against all Azolla pathogens, it was prioritized for testing its protective and eradicative effects in the greenhouse. Results of the protective and eradicative effects of the garlic extracts on various Azolla pathogens showed that it has a better eradicative than a protective effect. Laboratory experiments showed that 4 fungal species tested exhibited antagonistic/inhibitory effects against Sclerotium spp. and they arranged according to their decreasing effects: Trichoderma viride > Metarrhizium anisopliae > Paecilomyces lilacinus > Beauveria bassiana. Two Rhizoctonia-like isolates seemed to react differently on various crude fungal extracts. Trichoderma viride extracts appeared to be most active against Rhizoctonia- like isolate No.1, while P. lilacinus, M. anisoplae and B. bassiana extracts seemed to be moderately active on the same isolate. T. viride appeared to be the most effective fungal extracts against Rhizoctonia-like isolate No.8.

Availability :
NCPC Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 3344

Quality changes of irradiated spices stored in various packaging materials


Saputra, T.S; Maha, M; Purwanto, Z.I
Centre for the Application of Isotope and Radiation-BATAN; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Pengawetan Makanan Dengan Iradiasi [Proceedings of Seminar on Food Preservation by Irradiation]; Soegiarto, C et al (eds.); Jakarta; 1983; p161-167

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3765

The effect of gamma irradiation on medicinal plants and spices 2.Piper cubeba, Piper nigrum, Piper retrofractum, Amomum cardamomum and Myristica fragrans
Pengaruh sinar gamma pada simplisia tanaman obat dan rempah-rempah 2.Piper cubeba, Piper nigrum, Piper retrofractum, Amomum cardamomum dan Myristica fragrans (maces)

Chosdu, R; Hilmy, N; Bagiawati, S; Sudiro, S
National Atomic Energy Agency; Jakarta; Indonesia

Majalah BATAN [Journal of the National Atomic Energy Agency] 16 (4): 15-30 (1983)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6666

Trial intercountry shipment of irradiated species


Saputra, T.S; Farkas, J.S; Maha, M; Purwanto, Z.I
Centre for the Application of Isotopes and Radiation; National Atomic Energy Agency; Jakarta; Indonesia

Majalah BATAN [Journal of the Indonesian Atomic Energy Agency] 17 (3): 8-22 (1984)

Availability :
Bogor Botanical Gardens; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6668

Effect of packaging materials on the quality of irradiated powdered spices
Pengaruh bahan pengemas pada kualitas rempah bubuk iradiasi

Saputra, T.S; Munsiah, M; Purwanto, Z.I
Centre for the Application of Isotopes and Radiation; National Atomic Energy Agency; Jakarta; Indonesia

Majalah BATAN [Journal of the National Atomic Energy Agency] 18 (4): 59-70 (1985)

Availability :
Bogor Botanical Gardens; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 7753

Study on the preservation of spices by irradiation at the PAIR-BATAN, Jakarta
Mempelajari pengawetan rempah-rempah dengan iradiasi di PAIR-BATAN, Jakarta

Purnomo, S.H
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Food Technology and Nutrition; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 59p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 92521

Some local essential oils with antibacterial activities for pharmaceutical dosage forms


Manalo, JB
NSTA Technology Journal. 67-70, Jul-Sep 1982. HERDIN Database. P890375. MFN 001130

Abstract:
Essential oils obtained by hydro-steam distillation from the leaves of some local plants like eucalyptus (Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm.), sulasi (Ocimum sanctum Linn.), lagundi (Vitex negundo Linn.), bottlebrush (Callistemon lanceolatus DC.) and paminta (Piper nigrum L.) were tested for antibacterial activity using the Filter Paper Disc-Agar Diffusion Method was used against three Gram-positive bacteria namely, Bacillus subtilis, Sarcina lutea and Streptococcus aureus.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development; Bicutan; Taguig; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 11197

Spices growing
Karnpluk khruangthet

Uisungnoen, C
Bangkok; Ruangsaeng Publishing; 1988; 71p

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 36878

Comparison of transpiration rate and stomatal and leaf features in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.),clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.)Merr. & Perry,cinnamon (Cinnamonum zeylanicum Blume) and nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.)


De Guzman, C.C; Darwati, I; Hasanah, M; Rachmat, E.M
University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna

The Philippine Agriculturist 75 (1-2): 101-105 (1992)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 40524

Natural product evaluation in Papua New Guinea


Price, M.J
Harvest 1 (4): 141-144 (1971)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 13584

Pepper vine
Phrik thai samun phrai saraphat prayot

Atthawiphakphaisan, K
Kasetsart University; Bangkok; Thailand

Kaset Kaona [Progressive Agricultural Newsletter] 2 (2): 57-63 (1987)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 68637

Development of biotechnological research on tissue culture of industrial crops
Perkembangan penelitian bioteknologi kultur jaringan pada tanaman industri

Mariska, I
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Penelitian Aplikasi Bioteknologi Kultur Jaringan pada Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Biotechnology Applied Research of Tissue Culture in Industrial Crops]; Bogor, 29 Februari 1992; Mariska, I (ed.); Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; Bogor; Seri Pengembangan (18): 33-39 (1992)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 600

Effort to support the 'jamu' (traditional medicine) industry by cultivation of its resources
Usaha menunjang industri jamu melalui pembudidayaan simplisia

Sudiarto; Abdullah, HA
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research & Development Journal] 3 (1): 20-23 (1984)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3208

Report of a survey on teak plantations in Lampung and South Sumatra provinces
Laporan survey jati di propinsi Lampung dan Sumatera Selatan

Hamzah, Z
Laporan Lembaga Penelitian Hutan [Forest Research Institute Report] (276): 1-33 (1978)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3221

Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus flabellatus) cultivation on seven timber species
Pembudidayaan jamur tiram (Pleurotus flabellatus) pada tujuh jenis kayu

Suprapti, S
Forest Products Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia

Duta Rimba [Jungle Envoy] 15 (109-110): 13-17 (1989)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3813

Pepper cultivation
Budidaya lada

Anonymous
Surabaya; Balai Informasi Pertanian Jawa Timur [Agricultural Information Service, East Java]; 1989; 38p

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5076

A study on the anatomy and cytology of the wild Piper species in Java


Ungson, L.B
BIOTROP-SEAMEO Regional Center for Tropical Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Report of BIOTROP Staff; BIOTROP-SEAMEO Regional Center for Tropical Biology; Bogor; Indonesia; 1978; 109p

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library




NO. 21734

Volatile components of Piper aduncum


Kassim, H
Loughborough; University of Technology; 1978; 60p

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 9894

Review on some species of the genus of Piper in Indonesia
Tinjauan beberapa jenis dari marga Piper di Indonesia

Hardi, B.H
Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; National University; 1977; 32p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 13365

Black pepper
Phrikthai

Anonymous
Khao san samunphrai [Journal of Medicinal Herbs] No.44: 38-43 (1990-1991)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 12356

Chemical constituents in the genus Piper
San khemi nai phut sakun Piper

Likhitwitthayawut, K
Department of Pharmacology; Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science; Chulalongkorn University; Bangkok; Thailand

Thai Journal of Pharmaceutical Science 13 (1): 47-68 (1988)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 21613

A look at the genus Piper in Malaysia


Pearce, K.G
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Kuching; Sarawak

Proceedings of the National Conference of Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p25-34

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 60676

Cultivation and trade of pepper
Lada, budidaya dan tata niaganya

Rismunandar
Jakarta; Penebar Swadaya; 1987; ?p

Availability :
National Library of Indonesia; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 34830

Agroforestry in the lowlands


Tacio, H.D
PCARRD Monitor 10 (2): 6-9 (1990)

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Ba¤os; Laguna




NO. 60755

Cubeb (Piper cubeba Linn.) oil in Temanggung areas
Minyak kemukus (Piper cubeba Linn.) di daerah Temanggung

Anonymous
Directorate of Industry and Mining; Central Java Province; Semarang; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Minyak Atsiri III [Proceedings of the 3rd Seminar on Essential Oils]; Bogor Chemical Research Institute; Bogor; 1978; p112-129

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 328

A guide to the cultivation of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pedoman bercocok tanam lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Circular Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Circular of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] (15): 1-20 (1973)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 365

The prospect of pepper growing in Indonesia (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pendugaan masa depan pertanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.) di Indonesia

Wahid, P; Azis, H
Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] (26): 27-38 (1977)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 62009

Leaf anatomy structure of some species of Piperaceae
Struktur anatomi daun beberapa jenis tumbuhan Piperaceae

Wijowati, R
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Biology; Gadjah Mada University; 1986; 77p

Availability :
Faculty of Biology; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63509

Effect of forest fire on the biennial species regeneration after fire in the Lempake secondary forest, East Kalimantan
Dampak kebakaran hutan terhadap regenerasi jenis dua tahun setelah kebakaran di hutan sekunder Lempake, Kalimantan Timur

Purwaningsih
Proceedings of the 1st National Seminar of the Basic Biology; Bogor; 1990; p102-107

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 586

A guide to the cultivation of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pedoman bertjotjok tanam lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Madjalah Pertanian [Agricultural Journal] 18 (2/3): 33-43 (1970)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 940

Problems in pepper breeding (Piper nigrum L.)
Masalah perbaikan sifat (pemuliaan) pada lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Meyling, DHG
Research Institute for Agricultural Techniques; Bogor; Indonesia

Tehnik Pertanian [Agricultural Techniques] 1 (2): 77-89 (1952)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 965

A guide to pepper growing (Piper nigrum L.)
Pedoman bertjotjok tanam lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Meyling, DHG
Research Institute for Agricultural Techniques; Bogor; Indonesia

Tehnik Pertanian [Agricultural Techniques] 2 (5): 154-174 (1953)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1648

Piper nigrum L.


Waard, PWF de
Royal Tropical Institute; Amsterdam; Netherlands

Plant Resources of South-East Asia; Proposal for a handbook; Westphal, E (ed); Jansen, PCM (ed); Wageningen; PUDOC; 1986; p53-57

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 105970

Effects of grafting sources and seeding media on the cutting growth of fruit branches of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pengaruh asal setek dan media pembibitan terhadap pertumbuhan setek cabang buah tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Darmawan, I
S1 thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1995; 57p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 109022

Effects of Piper aduncum leaf oil on the growth of Sclerotium rolfsii and Fusarium spp.
Pengaruh tepung dan minyak daun gulma sirih (Piper aduncum) terhadap patogen Sclerotium rolfsii dan Fusarium spp.

Nurmansyah
Research and Study Installation of Agricultural Technology; Laing; Solok; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Prosiding Kongres XIV dan Seminar Nasional Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 14th Congress and National Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society], Palembang 27-29 Oktober 1997; Vol II; p254-257

Abstract:
The research was conducted to investigate the effect of powder and oil of Piper aduncum leaf on the growth of Sclerotium rolfsii and Fusarium spp.. The treatments were arranged in a Completely Randomized Design with four replications. The results showed that both the leaf powder and leaf oil effectively suppressed the growth of S. rolfsii and Fusarium spp.. A concentration of 10% the leaf powder in PDA medium inhibited the growth of S. rolfsii isolated from chilli, S. rolfsii from peanut, Fusarium sp. from chilli and Fusarium sp. from tomato up to 96.11, 98.10, 89.14 and 86.95% respectively. A concentration of 0.05% leaf oil in PDA completely inhibited the growth of S. rolfsii isolated from chilli and peanut. Complete suppression of Fusarium sp. from tomato was reached at 0.4% leaf oil while complete suppression of Fusarium sp. from chilli was observed at a concentration of 0.6% oil leaf in PDA.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 2658

Seed germination of 4 varieties of black pepper at different soil moisture contents
Perkecambahan benih 4 varietas lada pada kadar air tanah yang berbeda

Yufdi, M.P; Sunarti, T
Natar Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Natar; Lampung; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 2 (1): 17-22 (1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2664

Cultivation techniques to increase pepper productivity
Teknik budidaya untuk meningkatkan produktivitas tanaman lada

Wahid, P; Suparman, U
Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 2 (1): 1-11 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5401

Pepper germplasm handling to support breeding programme
Penanganan plasma nutfah lada menunjang program pemuliaan

Rostiana, O
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Breeding of Cloves, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut]; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; 1988; p138-140

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 8125

Effect of infused Piper cubeba L. on the contraction of isolated intestine of rabbits
Pengaruh infus Piper cubeba Linn. terhadap kontraksi usus terisolasi kelinci

Hadiati, S
Thesis; Depok; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; 1978; 33p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 8144

Experiment on compound determination of various chemical groups in plants as an effort to prepare determination in practical work on phytochemistry
Percobaan penentuan kandungan berbagai golongan zat kimia dalam tanaman sebagai usaha menyusun penentuan praktikum fitokimia

Brachim, R
Thesis; Depok; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; 1981; 90p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 8147

Experiment in isolation of some compounds found in the benzena fraction of the essential oils of cubeb (Piper cubeba L.f.) fruits and the identification of its structures
Percobaan isolasi beberapa senyawa yang terdapat di dalam fraksi benzena minyak atsiri buah kemukus (Piper cubeba L.f.) serta menerangkan struksturnya

Siahaan, T.J
Thesis; Depok; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; 1982; 71p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 8158

Study on the isolation and confirmation of the molecular structure of alcohol sesquiterpenes from essential oils of the fruits of cubeba pepper (Piper cubeba L.f.)
Studi isolasi dan konfirmasi struktur molekul beberapa senyawa seskuiterpen alkohol dari minyak atsiri buah kemukus (Piper cubeba L.f.)

Djasri, D
Thesis; Depok; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; 1984; 51p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 8316

Comparing the antibacterial effect of the infusion and the oil of cubeb pepper in-vitro
Membandingkan daya antibakteri infus kemukus dengan minyak kemukus secara in vitro

Susilowati
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1983; 45p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 8811

Distillation of cubeb (Piper cubeba L.) fruits
Penyulingan buah kemukus

Rusli, S; Soepandi, I.Y
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops]; 7 (40): 9-15 (1981)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8825

Distillation of cubeb (Piper cubeba L.) fruits
Penyulingan buah kemukus

Laksmanahardja, M.P; Rusli, S
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops]; 8 (43): 35-41 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 9383

Effects of maturity level and soaking duration on the quality of white pepper (Piper spp.)
Pengaruh tingkat pemasakan, lama perendaman terhadap kualitas lada putih

Hatamorrasyid
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1990; 34p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 2665

The control of stem rot disease of pepper
Penanggulangan penyakit busuk pangkal batang lada

Sitepi, D; Kasim, R; Manohara, D
Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 2 (1): 12-19 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 12295

Chemical constituents of Piper
San khemi nai phut sakun piper

Likitwittayawit, K
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science; Chulalongkorn University; Bangkok; Thailand

Thai Journal of Pharmaceutical Science 13 (1): 47-68 (1988)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 21388

Graft compatibility in Piper


Anonymous
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Sessions 14th Research Officers' Annual Conference; Department of Agriculture; Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia; 1977; p63-73

Availability :
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia




NO. 40442

Pepper


Kana, A; Bernard, K
Department of Agriculture, Stock and Fisheries; Konedobu; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; Rural Development Handbook No.7; 1975; 21p

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 61109

Preliminary qualitative examination of phenolic compounds of Piper cubeba Linn. and Piper nigrum L. (Piperaceae)
Pemeriksaan pendahuluan phenol setjara kwalitatif dalam Piper cubeba Linn. dan Piper nigrum Linn. dari keluarga Piperaceae

Kana, M.S
S1 thesis; Bandung; Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; 1968; 45p

Availability :
Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 61496

Analysis of 'kemukus' (Piper cubeba Linn.) oil component and the isolation of an unsaturated hydrocarbon
Analisa komponen minyak kemukus (Piper cubeba Linn.) dan isolasi suatu hidrokarbon tak jenuh

Hermawati, H
S1 Thesis; Bandung; Department of Chemistry; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; 1974; 35p

Availability :
Department of Chemistry; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 61917

Comparison of anti-bacterial effect between 'kemukus' infusion and 'kemukus' oil in vitro
Membandingkan daya anti bakteri infus kemukus dengan minyak kemukus secara invitro

Susilowati
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Chemistry; Gadjah Mada University; 1983; 45p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 2666

Yellow disease of black pepper and methods of control
Penyakit kuning pada tanaman lada dan cara penanggulangannya

Mustika, I; Dhalimi, A
Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 2 (1): 20-27 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 62481

Isolation of lignin compound in 'kemukus' (Piper cubeba) fruits
Isolasi senyawa lignin dari buah kemukus

Sudarsono
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Makalah Pada Pekan Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi UGM [Paper Presented on the Science Week of the Faculty of Pharmacy, Gadjah Mada University] March 9, 1983; 8p

Availability :
Library of Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 2667

Improvement of quality and the possibility of diversification of pepper products
Perbaikan mutu dan kemungkinan diversifikasi hasil lada

Laksamanahardja, MP; Mulyono, E
Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 2 (1): 28-38 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2671

The control of foot rot disease of pepper using fungicides
Penanggulangan penyakit busuk pangkal batang lada dengan beberapa jenis fungisida

Kasim, R
Natar Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Lampung; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 2 (2): 63-66 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63884

Some changes in 'kemukus' (Piper cubeba) during drying process
Beberapa perubahan kemukus dalam pengeringan

Haryadi
S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; 1978; 13p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 63901

Effect of 'kemukus' (Piper cubebe L.F.) fruit extract on marmot trachea in vitro
Pengaruh ekstrak buah kemukus (Piper cubebe L.F.) terhadap trakea marmot secara in vitro

Purwaningsih S
S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1989; 70p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 64046

Comparing some drying methods of cubeb fruits in getting optimal essential oil content
Membandingkan cara pengeringan buah kemukus untuk mendapatkan kadar minyak atsiri yang optimal

Harballah, K; Amaluhat
S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1979; 61p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 64052

Effect of drying method on the essential oil content of cubeb fruits
Pengaruh cara pengeringan terhadap kadar minyak atsiri dari buah kemukus

Soewarti; Supanti
S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1980; 61p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 64251

Application of 'pupuk kerikil' (pebble fertilizer) for Piper cubeba L. in 'Jurang Cabe' (cubeb growing on a steep hill) in Ponorogo (East Java)
Pupuk kerikil di jurang cabe Ponorogo

Gempol, P.M.D
Buletin Informasi Pertanian Jawa Timur [East Java Agricultural Information Bulletin] no.02; 1991; 7p

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65113

Resistence of seven pepper species to Phytopthora disease
Ketahanan tujuh species lada terhadap penyakit Phytopthora

Kasim, R
Tanjung Karang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] 7 (39): 34-38 (1981)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65419

Cubeb growing
Bercocok tanam lada

Anonymous
Penerbit Yayasan Kanisius; Yogyakarta; 1988; 124p

Availability :
Semarang College of Farming; Semarang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 65473

Cubeb
Lada

Soemartono
Penerbit CV Yasaguna; Jakarta; 1980; 39p

Availability :
Semarang College of Farming; Semarang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 65703

Cubeb cultivation
Budidaya lada

Anonymous
BIP; Jawa Timur [East Java Agricultural Information Service]: 1989; 38p

Availability :
Semarang College of Farming; Semarang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 2672

The efficacy of some insecticides against pepper stem borers
Efikasi beberapa insektisida terhadap hama penggerek batang lada

Suprapto
Natar Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Lampung; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 2 (2): 67-74 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 67314

Isolation and fusion of protoplasts of pepper (Piper nigrum)
Isolasi dan fusi protoplast pada tanaman lada (Piper nigrum)

Mariska, I
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News] 15 (5): 3-4 (1993)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 2673

The efficacy of Mipcin 50 WP and Bassa 50 EC insecticides against insect pests of pepper fruits and flowers
Efikasi insektisida Mipsin 50 WP dan Bassa 50 EC terhadap hama buah dan bunga lada

Soetopo, D; Iskandar, M
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 2 (2): 75-78 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68293

Conservation of the utilization of tropical forest medicinal plants
Pelestarian pemanfaatan tumbuhan obat hutan tropika

Aliadi, Arief
Indonesian Tropical Nature Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Konservasi Lahan Basah [Wetland Conservation News] 3 (1): 8-9 (1994)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2674

The control of green pepper bugs using insecticides in Lampung
Penanggulangan hama penghisap buah lada dengan beberapa insektisida di Lampung

Suprapto
Natar Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Lampung; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 2 (2): 79-85 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 104015

Effects of ethanol concentration and size of fruit dust of kemukus (Piper cubeba Linn.) on yield and quality of kemukus oleoresin
Pengaruh konsentrasi etanol dan ukuran serbuk buah kemukus (Piper cubeba Linn.) terhadap rendemen dan mutu oleoresin kemukus

Affianty, N
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 94p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104230

Study on the effects of material size and distillation duration on yield and quality of kemukus (Piper cubeba Linn.) oil
Mempelajari pengaruh ukuran bahan dan lama penyulingan terhadap rendemen dan mutu minyak kemukus (Piper cubeba Linn.)

Rubiarto, D
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 109p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104952

Propagation of a medicinal plant, 'kemukus' (Piper cubeba (F.)) by stem cuttings
Perbanyakan tumbuhan obat kemukus (Piper cubeba (F.)) dengan menggunakan setek batang

Prihastuty, E
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 66p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104954

Study on the ecology of 'kemukus' (Piper cubeba (F.)) based on physiographical and climatic aspects in the Meru Betiri National Park, East Java
Kajian ekologi kemukus (Piper cubeba (F.) ditinjau dari aspek fisiografis dan iklim di Taman Nasional Meru Betiri Jawa Timur

Susanti, D.S
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 63p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104956

Study on the biotic environmental factors of 'kemukus' (Piper cubeba (F.)) in the Meru Betiri National Park, East Java
Kajian faktor-faktor lingkungan biotik tumbuhan obat kemukus (Piper cubeba (F.)) di Taman Nasional Meru Betiri Jawa Timur

Ahmadi, O.S
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 92p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 107974

Techniques on harvesting raw materials of traditional medicine from nature conservation
Teknik pemanenan bahan baku obat tradisional dari alam yang memperhatikan kelestarian

Sandra, E; Zuhud, E.A.M
Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Penelitian Bahan Obat Alami VIII [Proceedings of the 8th Symposium on Research of Natural Medicine]; Bogor, 24-25 Nopember 1994; Perhiba & Balittro; 1996; p33-39

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2872

A comparison between expectation values of soils under pure stands of Acacia mangium and a mixture of Acacia mangium and pepper (Piper nigrum)
Perbandingan antara nilai harapan tanah tegakan murni Acacia mangium dan tegakan campuran Acacia mangium dengan lada (Piper nigrum)

Hadi, S; Hidayat, R; Udinsyah
Forest Research Institute; Samarinda; East Kalimantan; Indonesia

Prosiding Agroforestry untuk Pengembangan Daerah Pedesaan di Kalimantan Timur [Proceedings of Agroforestry for the Development of Rural Areas in East Kalimantan]; Lahjie, AM (ed); Siebert, M (ed); Samarinda; Faculty of Forestry; Mulawarman University; 1989; p207-221

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 108052

Preliminary study of anti-bacterial on some essential oils
Pemeriksaan pendahuluan daya anti bakteri beberapa minyak atsiri

Radji, M; Asmanizar; Hayati, L
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Penelitian Bahan Obat Alami VIII [Proceedings of the 8th Symposium on Research of Natural Medicine]; Bogor, 24-25 Nopember 1994; Perhiba & Balittro; 1996; p454-456

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 8122

Preliminary macroscopic, microscopic and thin layer chromatographic studies on Piper retrofractum fructus
Penelitian pendahuluan secara makroskopis, mikroskopis dan kromatografi lapisan tipis terhadap Piper retrofractum fructus

Asmarani, E
Thesis; Depok; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; 1977; 26p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 2920

Country report on in-vitro studies in Malaysia


Noor, N.M
Department of Botany; National University Malaysia (UKM)

BIOTROP Special Publication (35): 51-53 (1988)

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library




NO. 13898

Agroforestry of Piper longum in coconut plantation
Kan pluk dipri khon ton maphrao

Sonrang, T
Extension Leaflet No.68; Bangkok; Department of Agricultural Extension; 1980; 5p

Availability :
Library; Royal Forest Department; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 3042

Some notes on the floral biology of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Beberapa tjatatan tentang biologi bunga lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Hasan-Iljas, B
Plant Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Balai Besar Penjelidikan Pertanian [Contributions of the General Agricultural Research Station] (157): 3-22 (1959)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61108

Preliminary quantitative examination of phenolic compounds of Piper betle L. and Piper longum Bl. (Piperaceae)
Pemeriksaan pendahuluan phenola setjara kwantitatif dalam Piper betle L. dan Piper longum Bl., keluarga Piperaceae

Mowi, A
S1 thesis; Bandung; Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; 1968; 37p

Availability :
Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 61178

Piperin isolation of Piper longun Bl. fruits
Isolasi piperin dari buah Piper longum Bl.

Kartiko, R.S
S1 thesis; Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; 1972; 31p

Availability :
Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 3211

Tropical forest migrations: Case studies of movements by Kenyah and Bugis people in Indonesia


Vayda, A.P; Jessup, T.C
Department of Human Ecology; Cook College; Rutgers University; New Brunswick; New York; USA

Wallaceana (45): 3-5 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3756

Pepper market and production in Indonesia
Pasar dan produksi lada di Indonesia

Saefuddin, A.M
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Majalah Pertanian [Agricultural Journal] 27 (1): 57-62 (1979-1980)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 4686

Isolation of oleoresin from black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Isolasi oleoresin dari lada hitam (Piper nigrum L.)

Ermajati
Thesis; Bogor; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1975; 35p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 103399

Potential of long pepper essential oil as sources of medicinal substance
Potensi minyak atsiri cabe Jawa sebagai sumber bahan obat

Sait, S; Lubis, E.H; Pudjiastuti, T
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 21-22 (1992)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 252

Pepper and cashew plantations in the Province of Jambi
Pertanaman lada dan jambu mete di Propinsi Jambi

Abisono; Mardjono, R
Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] (17/18): 19-32 (1974)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 308

Result of studies on the yellow disease of black pepper in Bangka
Hasil penelitian penyakit kuning pada tanaman lada di daerah Bangka

Wahid, P
Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] (21): 64-79 (1976)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 972

Foot rot disease of pepper
Penjakit "voetrot" pada lada

Soepartono
Research Institute for Plant Pests; Bogor; Indonesia

Tehnik Pertanian [Agricultural Techniques] 2 (9): 302-304 (1953)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1131

Cultivation and trade of pepper on Bangka Island
De peper cultuur en -handel op Bangka

Bregman, A
Society of Agricultural Consultants in the Netherlands Indies; Bogor; Indonesia

Landbouw [Agriculture] 16 (3-4): 139-256 (1940)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1168

Pepper cultivation and soil fertility of the lands of Bangka
Pepercultuur en bodemvruchtbaarheid der Bangka-gronden

Huitema, W.K
Institute for Agricultural Techniques; Buitenzorg; Netherlands Indies

Landbouw [Agriculture] 17 (8/9): 748-773 (1941)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1430

Analysis of specific chemical components of pepper (Piper nigrum) and their effects upon sperm motility
Analisa komponen kimia spesifik lada (Piper nigrum) dan pengaruhnya terhadap motilitas spermatozoa

Thenawidjaja, M; Situmorang, PZ; Purba, S
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Forum Pascasarjana [Postgraduate Forum] 10 (2): 24-35 (1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1494

Pepper plantation, business for the future
Mengebunkan lada, usaha masa depan

Lingga, P
Info Agribisnis [Agri-business Information] 1 (4): 13-18 (1988)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1527

Isolation of oleoresin from black pepper
Isolasi oleoresin dari lada hitam

Moestafa, A
Proceedings Seminar Minyak Atsiri II [Proceedings of the Second Seminar on Essential Oils]; 20-22 April 1976; Bogor; Balai Penelitian Kimia; p222-227

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1539

The effect of concentration of pepper oleoresin solution on rice quality during storage
Pengaruh konsentrasi larutan oleoresin lada terhadap mutu beras selama penyimpanan

Sugesti, K; Antara, NT; Soim
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Industri Hasil Pertanian [Journal of Agro-based Industry] 4 (1): 1-6 (1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1952

Propagation of black pepper


Creech, J.L
US Plant Introduction Garden; US Department of Agriculture; Glenn Dale; Maryland; USA

Economic Botany 8: 233-242 (1954)

Availability :
UPSEA; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2368

Distillation methods affecting yield and quality of black pepper oil
Cara penyulingan lada hitam mempengaruhi rendemen dan mutu minyaknya

Rusli, S; Muchlis, S
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 4 (28): 67-72 (1978)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2382

Effect of foliar fertilizing on the growth of pepper cuttings (Piper nigrum)
Pengaruh pemupukan lewat daun terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada

Zaubin, R; Rojak, A
Tanjung Karang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 8 (45): 1-7 (1983)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2389

Effects of methods and time of fertilizer application on the production of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) at Sukadana
Pengaruh cara dan waktu pemberian pupuk terhadap produksi tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) di Sukadana

Zaubin, R; Sudiadi, E; Wahid, P
Natar Research Station for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 8 (46): 37-46 (1983)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2392

Effect of planting materials on the yield of black pepper
Pengaruh penggunaan bahan tanaman yang berbeda terhadap hasil lada

Nuryani, Y; Hermawan
Tanjung Karang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 9 (50): 8-12 (1984)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2394

Effect of liming on the growth of cuttings of some black pepper varieties
Pengaruh kapur terhadap pertumbuhan setek beberapa varietas lada

Wardani; Zaubin, R
Tanjung Karang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 9 (50): 23-28 (1984)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2398

Results of a field trial on six varieties of black pepper in Bangka
Hasil percobaan enam varietas lada di Bangka

Nuryani, Y
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 10 (1-2): 30-33 (1984)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2403

Contamination of black pepper by micro-organisms at Lampung
Pencemaran lada oleh mikroorganisme di Lampung

Hasanah
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 10 (3-4): 72-76 (1985)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63621

Post-harvest handling of pepper
Penanganan pasca panen lada

Anonymous
Ciawi Agricultural Information Service (58); 1986

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 2421

The effect of topping of plant materials on rooting of pepper cuttings
Pengaruh pemangkasan bahan tanaman terhadap pertumbuhan akar setek tanaman lada

Jufdi, MP
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 11 (3-4): 46-50 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2426

The effects of fertilizing and pruning of supporting plants on the production of pepper plants
Pengaruh pemupukan dan pemangkasan lanjar hidup terhadap produksi tanaman lada

Wahid, P
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 12 (3-4): 58-66 (1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2429

Effect of coconut water on the growth of pepper cuttings (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh air kelapa terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Yufdy, MP; Ernawati, R
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 12 (3-4): 89-93 (1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2432

Oleoresin extraction from black pepper
Ekstraksi oleoresin lada hitam

Sarwono, R; Trisnamurti, RH; Fuadi
Research Centre for Science and Technology; Serpong; West Java; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penenlitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 13 (1-2): 12-18 (1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2437

Effect of supporting posts on the population of principal black pepper pests
Pengaruh jenis tiang panjat terhadap populasi hama utama lada

Asnawi, Z; Wahid, P; Karmawati, E
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Penerbitan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 13 (3-4): 57-60 (1988)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2510

The control of yellow disease of pepper
Penanggulangan penyakit kuning pada lada

Wahid, P; Sitepu, D; Tarigans, DD
Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News] 10 (3): 10-11 (1988)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5378

Effects of shade and fertilizing on the growth and yield of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pengaruh naungan dan pemupukan terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Wahid, P
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Post Graduate; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 201p

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5407

Breeding of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) at the Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops, Bogor
Pemuliaan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) di Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat Bogor

Nugraha, D
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Biology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1989; 44p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 3502

Pepper cultivation
Bercocok tanam lada

Anonymous
Padang Agricultural Information Service; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian, Padang [Agricultural Information Bulletin, Padang] (3): 12-13 (1980-1981)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3509

Pepper propagation by single-node cuttings
Perbanyakan lada dengan stek satu ruas

Jamalin, M
Padang Agricultural Information Service; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian, Padang [Agricultural Information Bulletin, Padang] (3): 13-14 (1982-1983)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3520

Pepper processing
Pengolahan lada

Anonymous
Padang Agricultural Information Service; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian, Padang [Agricultural Information Bulletin, Padang] (5): 17-18 (1985-1986)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3673

Pepper production in the Lampung province
Produksi tanaman lada di propinsi Lampung

Anonymous
Lampung Agricultural Information Service; Sumatera; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Lampung [Agricultural Information Bulletin, Lampung] (02): 8-10 (1981-1982)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3754

Intensive cultivation project of cloves and pepper
Proyek intensifikasi cengkeh dan lada

Okeng, S.A
Directorate General for Estates; Jakarta; Indonesia

Majalah Pertanian [Agricultural Journal] 27 (1): 1-16 (1979-1980)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5607

Correlation between soil characteristics and growing habit of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in Bangka, South Sumatra
Hubungan sifat-sifat tanah dengan keadaan pertumbuhan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) di daerah Bangka Sumatera Selatan

Husen, E
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Pakuan University; 1987; 51p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Pakuan University; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3782

The analysis of specific chemical compounds of pepper (Piper nigrum) and their effects on sperm motility
Analisa komponen kimia spesifik lada (Piper nigrum) dan pengaruhnya terhadap motilitas spermatozoa

Thenawidjaja, M; Situmorang, P.Z; Purba, S
Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Forum Pascasarjana [Postgraduate Forum] 10 (2): 24-35 (1987)

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3857

Pepper export development before and after the World War II
Perkembangan ekspor lada sebelum dan sesudah perang

Soemarto, R
Madjalah Pertanian [Agricultural Journal] 11 (6-7): 199-204 (1960)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 4700

Isolation of essential oils and oleoresin from black pepper
Pemisahan minyak atsiri dan oleoresin dari lada hitam

Meiyanti, N.R
Thesis; Bogor; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1978; 64p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 5382

Problems in breeding of pepper, cloves, coconut and cotton
Masalah pemuliaan tanaman pada lada, cengkeh, kelapa dan kapas

Makmur, A
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of a Workshop on Breeding of Cloves, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut]; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; 1988; p57-58

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 5399

Isozyme analyses for predicting genetic variability in pepper, cloves, cotton and coconut
Analisis isozim untuk menduga keragaman genetik pada tanaman lada, cengkeh, kapas dan kelapa

Hartana, A
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Breeding of Cloves, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut]; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; 1988; p45-49

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 5400

Clove germplasm handling to support breeding programme
Penanganan plasma nutfah cengkeh mendukung program pemuliaan

Kurniati, S
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Breeding of Cloves, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut]; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; 1988; p115-121

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 5622

Distribution of stem borer population on pepper
Sebaran populasi penggerek batang pada tanaman lada

Suprapto
Bogor Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of the Research and Development for Industrial Crop] (4): 81-84 (1989)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5402

Tissue culture to support breeding of cloves, pepper, cotton and coconut
Kultur jaringan untuk menunjang pemuliaan tanaman cengkeh, lada, kapas dan kelapa

Marisha, I
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Breeding of Cloves, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut]; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; 1988; p59-64

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6301

The national and international problems of pepper
Lada masalah Nasional and Internasional

Siswoputranto, P.S
Indonesian Commodity Review; Jakarta; Indonesia

Indonesian Commodity Review 1 (2): 9-15 (1971)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6309

Estimation of optimum block size in studying pepper cultivation
Pendugaan ukuran petak optimum untuk penelitian tanaman lada

Billah, M.T
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Statistics and Computation; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1980; 43p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6316

Calculation of leaf area index in some varieties of pepper in Balittri collection, Bogor
Indeks perhitungan luas daun pada beberapa varietas koleksi lada Balittri Bogor

Dipta, I.W
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Statistics and Computation; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1982; 40p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6347

Observation on stem rot disease (Phytophthora palmivora Butler var. piperis) of pepper in the Implementation Unit of Pepper Improvement Project 'Cahaya Negeri', North Lampung District
Pengamatan penyakit busuk pangkal batang (Phytophthora palmivora Butler varietas piperis) pertanaman lada di Unit pelaksana Proyek Pembinaan Lada Cahaya Negeri, Kabupaten Lampung Utara

Purnomo, H
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1983; 58p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6401

Isolation technique of Phytophthora palmivora Butler from pepper (Piper nigrum) plantation
Teknik isolasi Phytophthora palmivora Butler dari pertanaman lada (Piper nigrum)

Nugroho, SE
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; 1987; 41p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6536

Effect of plant residue on the development of stem rot disease (Phytophthora palmivora (Botler) Butler) on pepper
Pengaruh residu tanaman terhadap perkembangan penyakit busuk pangkal batang (Phytophthora palmivora (Botler) Butler) pada tanaman lada

Kosim, R
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Post Graduate Studies; Bogor Agricultural University; 1985; 52p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6623

Pepper, king of various peppers
Merica, raja di antara aneka lada

Poernomo
Science Education Centre; Bandung; Indonesia

Majalah Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam [Natural Science Education Journal] 4 (46): 37-41, 48 (1981)

Availability :
Bogor Botanical Gardens; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5905

Report on the observation of yellow disease of pepper in Bangka
Laporan peninjauan penyakit kuning pada lada di daerah Kabupaten Bangka

Chaniago, D
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] (1): 1-11 (1971)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5995

Effect of fertilizing and plant growth regulator on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings
Pengaruh pemupukan dan zat pengatur tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan setek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Kristanto, Y
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1988

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6670

Observation and problems of pepper production in Lampung Province
Tinjauan dan masalah produksi lada di Propinsi Lampung

Sukawa, S
Tanjungkarang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Indonesia

Majalah Pertanian [Agricultural Journal] 28 (4): 13-20, 24 (1980/1981)

Availability :
Bogor Botanical Gardens; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6929

Observations on major pests of pepper in Sukadana Subdistrict, Central Lampung District, Lampung Province
Pengamatan hama penting tanaman lada di Kecamatan Sukadana, Kabupaten Lampung Tengah, Propinsi Dati I Lampung

Nicholas
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1986; 50p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 5999

The design of fin type peeling machine for pepper fruit peels
Desain mesin pengupas kulit buah lada tipe sirip (fin)

Iskandar, A
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1986; 77p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 7979

Pepper cultivation
Bercocok tanam lada

Anonymous
Banjar Baru Agricultural Information Service; South Kalimantan; Indonesia

Balai Informasi Pertanian Banjar Baru [Banjar Baru Agricultural Information Service] No.4; 1980/1981; 6p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 7983

Pepper seeding with two internode cuttings
Pembibitan lada, panjang stek dua buku

Anonymous
Banjar Baru Agricultural Information Service; South Kalimantan; Indonesia

Balai Informasi Pertanian Banjar Baru [Banjar Baru Agricultural Information Service] No.7; 1983/1984; 6p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 8053

Efforts to control pests and diseases of pepper
Upaya pengendalian hama penyakit lada

Anonymous
Aceh Agricultural Information Service; Banda Aceh; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Aceh [Aceh Agricultural Information Bulletin] (2): 5-7 (1988/1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 8235

Preliminary result of experiments on the soil pH under pepper plants
Hasil sementara percobaan pengujian pH tanah pada tanaman lada

Zaubin, R
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings Seminar Minyak Atsiri III [Proceedings of the Third Seminar on Essential Oils]; Bogor; Balai Penelitian Kimia; 1978; p11-25

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 9103

Method of pepper breeding
Metode pemuliaan tanaman lada

Djisbar, A; Hamid, A
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Clove, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut Breeding]; Bogor; Centre for Research and Development of Industrial Crops; 1988; p15-22

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 9104

Conservation and utilization of clove, pepper, cotton and coconut germplasms
Pelestarian tanaman dan penggunaan plasma nutfah cengkeh, lada, kapas dan kelapa

Hamid, A; Luntungan, H.T; Hasnan
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Clove, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut Breeding]; Bogor; Centre for Research and Development of Industrial Crops; 1988; p41-44

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 9205

Effect of the application of sodium orthonitrophenolate on the root growth of one-internode-single-leaved pepper stumps
Pengaruh penggunaan natrium orto nitrofenolat terhadap pertumbuhan akar pada turus satu ruas berdaun tunggal tanaman lada

Suhardianto, S
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1983; 37p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9244

Effect of defoliating of fruiting branches on the yield of pepper
Pengaruh pengguguran daun pada cabang buah terhadap hasil tanaman lada

Sunarto, F
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1981; 56p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9302

Effects of the application of different concentrations of a mixture of NAD, MeNAA, MeNAD and IBA (Rootone-F), and Wuxal foliar fertilizer on the growth of one internode-single leaved pepper cuttings
Penggunaan beberapa konsentrasi campuran NAD, MeNAA, MeNAD dan IBA (Rootone-F) dan pupuk daun Wuxal, pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada satu ruas berdaun tunggal

Pramono, T
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1985; 42p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9329

Effects of storage duration of various cuttings and the application of growth regulators on the growth of one-internode-single-leaved pepper stumps
Pengaruh lama penyimpanan macam bahan turus dan penggunaan zat tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada satu ruas berdaun tunggal

Calasewaka
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1984; 51p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9337

Effects of types of cutting, growth regulators and planting method on the root growth of one-internode-single-leaved pepper stumps
Pengaruh macam bahan turus, zat tumbuh dan cara tanam terhadap pertumbuhan akar pada turus satu ruas berdaun tunggal tanaman lada

Marjukie, D.R
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1981; 26p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9647

Development in pepper research
Perkembangan penelitian lada

Anonymous
Buletin Informasi Pertanian Ujung Pandang [Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Bulletin] 8 (6): 10 (1985)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9682

Effect of coconut water on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh air kelapa terhadap pertumbuhan stek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Anonymous
Buletin Informasi Pertanian Banjarbaru [Banjarbaru Agricultural Information Bulletin] (2): 4 (1988/1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9700

Propagation of pepper by one-node cuttings with single leaf
Perbanyakan lada dengan stek satu ruas berdaun tunggal

Anonymous
Buletin Informasi Pertanian Ujung Pandang [Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Bulletin] 6 (05): 21 (1984)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9763

Growing pepper
Menaman lada

Anonymous
Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service; 1983/1984; 35p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9899

Pepper (Piper nigrum)
Lada (Piper nigrum)

Malewa, A.M
Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; National University; 1979; 34p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 9957

Study on peroxidase activities and its correlation with pepper resistance against Phytophthora palmivora infection
Kajian aktivitas peroksidase dan hubungannya dengan sifat ketahanan tanaman lada terhadap infeksi Phytophthora palmivora

Rahayuningsih, A; Djojodirdjo, S; Hartiko, H; Woerjono, W.D
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Berkala Penelitian Pasca Sarjana UGM [Post Graduate Research Periodical; Gadjah Mada University] Seri B 2 (2B): 467-474 (1989)

Availability :
Semarang College of Farming; Semarang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 10200

Diseases of black pepper
Roke khong prikthai

Silayoi, I
Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Warasarn phuetsuan [Horticulture Journal] 13 (4): 39-54 (1978)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10318

Black pepper
Phrikthai

Raktham, S
Horticultural Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Ekkasarn prakop karn seminar phuet setthakit yuenton botbat nai totsattawat na [Paper presented in a Seminar on Economic Perennial Plants-Role in the Next Decade]; 23-25 November 1988; Bangkok; Department of Agriculture; 7p

Availability :
Horticultural Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10321

Propagation of black pepper
Khor khuanru naikarn luaksue yotphan phrikthaikang

Khanaphuset, K; Raktham, S
Horticultural Research Institute; Bang Khen; Bangkok; Thailand

Witthayasarn Staban wichai phuetsuan [Journal of the Horticultural Research Institute] 10 (6): 29-38 (1987)

Availability :
Horticultural Research Institute; Bang Khen; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10527

Black pepper
Karnpluk prikthai

Arphasiriphon, P
Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Kasikorn [Farmers Journal] 47 (3): 189-199 (1974)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 11626

Black pepper
kanpluk phrikthai

Anonymous
Extension Bulletin Department of Agricultural Extension No.28; 1978; 39p

Availability :
Department of Agricultural Extension; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 11686

Growing black pepper without trellis
Kan pluk phrikthai doi mai chai khang

Raktham, S; Khanaphuset, K
Horticultural Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Journal of the Horticultural Research Institute 6 (4): 60-64 (1982)

Availability :
Horticultural Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 11703

Black pepper intercrops with coconuts
Kan pluk phrikthai pen phuet saem nai suan maphrao

Khlotpheng, K
Sawi Horticulture Research Centre; Chumphon; Thailand

Journal of the Horticulture Research Institute 8 (5): 10-19 (1985)

Availability :
Horticulture Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 11826

Black pepper
Phrikthai yang mi okat samrap kasettakorn

Anonymous
Kaset Uttasahakam [Agro-Industry Magazine] 3 (34): 29-34 (1988)

Availability :
Horticulture Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 6043

Observation on the effect of agroclimate on the cultivation of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) in the Petaling Experimental Garden, Bangka
Tinjauan agroklimat terhadap budidaya tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.) di Kebun Percobaan Petaling, Bangka

Sulasmi
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bogor Agricultural University; 1987; 70p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 11998

Effects of 4 different supporters on growth and yield of 3 black pepper varieties
Kan suksa ka charoen toepto lae phonphalit khong phrikthai 3 phan tor khang chanit tang tang 4 chanit

Fangkuson, S; Raktham, S; Suksawat, S; Singnak, P; Khanaphuset, K
Horticulture Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

[Summary of Experimental Works 1981]; Horticulture Research Institute; Bangkok; p22-23

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 12172

Study on pepper and cocoa as intercropping under bearing coconut palm
Ngan thotlong suksa ha khomun kieokap kan chai phrikthai lae cocoa pen phut saem rawang thaeo maphrao

Klotphang, K; Ngankarunathikan, P; Mimutha, S; Ratanaphruk, M; Thirakun, A; Suwanawut, W
Chumphon Horticultural Research Center; Thailand

Chumphon Horticultural Research Center Annual Research Report 1989; p33-34

Availability :
Horticultural Research Center; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 12173

Pepper/coconut intercroping using concrete post as supporter
Kan suksa kan plug phrik thai pen phut saem ni rawang thaeo doi chai luk concreat pen khang

Klotpheng, K; Ngankaranathikan, P; Phayakphong, J; Raktham, S; Mimontha, S; Ratanaphruk, M; Thirakun, A
Chumphon Horticultural Research Center; Thailand

Chumphon Horticultural Research Center Annual Research Report 1989; p18-29

Availability :
Horticultural Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 12197

Varietal characteristics and cytology of pepper
Kan suksa lak sana pracham phan lae sen witthaya khong phrikthai

Khanaphuset, K
Thesis Abstract 1982; Bangkok; Kasetsart University; 1985; p89

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 6054

Effect of the infestation of Radopholus similis Cobb., Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood) and Fusarium sp. on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) and its correlation with yellow disease
Pengaruh serangan Radopholus similis Cobb., Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood dan Fuisarium sp. terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.) dan hubungannya dengan penyakit kuning

Mustika, I
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Post-Graduate Studies; Gadjah Mada University; 1984; 93p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 12582

Effects of Thai plant extracts on the oriental fruit fly I. Toxicity test


Areekul, S; Sinchaisri, P; Tigvatananon, S
Department of Entomology; Faculty of Agriculture; Kasetsart University; Bangkok; Thailand

Witthayasan Kasetsart [The Kasetsart Journal of Natural Sciences] 21 (4): 395-407 (1987)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 13142

Piper nigrum L.
Ruang naru kieo kap phrik-thai

Sadudi, S
Faculty of Natural Resources; Prince of Songkhla University; Thailand

Phutsat San [Plant Science Newsletter] 5 (3): 14-21 (1983)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13317

Black pepper
Phrikthai

Anonymous
Than kasettakam [Agricultural Base Magazine] 4 (42): 22-32 (1986)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 13431

Black pepper
Bot khwamru kan kaset:phrikthai

Chindarat, S
Warasan Kasettakon [Farmers Journal] 5 (10): 1-4 (1979)

Availability :
Kasetsart Univesity; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 14112

Chemical residues on black pepper
Sanphit tok khang nai phrik-thai

Udomchok, M
Agricultural Toxic Division; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok

Warasan Kita Lae Sattawawitthaya [Journal of Entomology and Zoology] 12 (2): 127-134 (1990)

Abstract:
Analysing 35 samples of fresh pepper, 27 samples of black pepper, and 26 samples of white pepper from the farmer's plot showed chemical residues ranking as follows: The first, organochlorines 61.54-62.96% with concentration 0.001-0.295 ppm. The second, dieldrin 50-51.43% with concentration 0.001-0.057 ppm. The third, endrin 7.69-11.11% with concentration 0.001-0.003 ppm.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 23317

Cigarettee beetles (Lasioderma serricorne) in stored pepper


Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia
Farmers Bulletin (316): 2 (1991)

Availability :
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia




NO. 6070

Effect of defoliation, IBA and saccharose on root growth of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings


Suparman, U; Zaubin, R
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Industrial Crops Research Journal 1 (1): 54-58 (1988)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 20021

Occurrence and control of pepper black berry disease in Sarawak


Kueh, TK
Department of Agriculture; Sarawak; Malaysia

The Malaysian Agricultural Journal 50 (4): 553-561 (1976)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20028

Dry matter production and major nutrient contents of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in Sarawak


Sim, ES
Department of Agriculture; Sarawak; Malaysia

The Malaysian Agricultural Journal 48 (2): 73-93 (1971)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20132

Pepper in Sarawak


Sandford, H
Agricultural Department; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 35 (4): 208-214 (1952)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20180

Effects of size of stem cutting and shoot density on the growth and yield of pepper (Piper nigrum L. var.Kuching)


Chong, Ws; Yau, PY
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Teknologi Pelbagai Tanaman [Miscellaneous Crops Technology] 1 (August): 55-61 (1985)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20225

Flower and fruit development in Piper nigrum L. var. Kuching


Prakash, N; Bak, H.K
Department of Botany; University of New England; Armidale; New South Wales; Australia

The Malaysian Journal of Science 7: 11-19 (1982)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20519

Sexuality of Phytophthora palmivora on Piper nigrum L. in Malaysia


Lee, B.S
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Research Bulletin 1 (1): 29-32 (1973)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20523

The use of toxin for the screening of black-pepper for foot rot resistance


Lee, B.S
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Research Bulletin 1 (2): 10-14 (1973)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20709

Pepper processing in the state of Johore


Puan, S; Muhd.Bakri, T; Adinan, H
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Report (99); 1985; 7p

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20771

A case study of replanting rubber with pepper in Sarawak


Au, H.L; Chew, T.A
University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

The Malayan Agriculturist 12: 24-30 (1973-74)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 20859

Growth of pepper prices, July 1988-June 1989


Anonymous
Pepper Marketing Board; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Warta Pasaran Lada [Pepper Market Bulletin] 18 (2): 5 (1989)

Availability :
Ministry of Agriculture; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia




NO. 20860

Review of Sarawak pepper exports, January-March 1989


Anonymous
Pepper Marketing Board; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Warta Pasaran Lada [Pepper Market Bulletin] 18 (2): 11-17 (1989)

Availability :
Ministry of Agriculture; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia




NO. 20871

Pepper marketing in Sarawak


Chye, K.O
Federal Agricultural Marketing Authority; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

Review of Agricultural Economics Malaysia 1 (2): 48-72 (1967)

Availability :
Ministry of Agriculture; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia




NO. 30436

Studies on the propagation of black pepper by cuttings


Cabangbang, R.P
Philippine Journal of Crop Science 13 (Supp1): S3 (1988)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 61288

Pepper seeding
Pembibitan lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; D.I. Aceh (10): (1987-1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61311

Planting the pepper
Bertanam lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Jambi (17): (1988-1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 21005

Foot rot disease of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) caused by Phytophthora palmivora (Butl.)Butler in Sarawak


Kueh, T.K
University Science of Malaysia; Penang

Thesis; Penang; University Science of Malaysia; 1979; ...p

Availability :
University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia




NO. 21285

Some important diseases of black pepper and their control


Kueh, T.K
Agricultural Research Centre; Semongok; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Senior Officers Conference on Crop Protection and Management of Pepper, Sarikei, Sarawak, 27-30 October 1987; p91-122

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21290

A preliminary report on floral biology and mode of pollination in pepper


Sim, S.L
Agriculture Research Centre; Semongok; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Session 16th Research Officers Annual Conference; Kuching, Sarawak, 1979; p34-46

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 6107

Effects of some media and position of one-leaf nodes on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings
Pengaruh beberapa media dan tingkatan nodes terhadap pertumbuhan stek satu ruas berdaun tunggal tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Mattjik, S
Thesis; Palembang; Faculty of Agriculture; Sriwijaya University; 1980; 77p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 21391

Induced nutrient disorders in pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Chin, S.P; Sim, S.L; Wong, T.H
Agriculture Research Centre; Semongok; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Sessions 23rd Research Officers' Annual Conference; Department of Agriculture; Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia; 1986; p5-26

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21395

Early results of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) varietal performance


Paulus, A.D; Sim, S.L
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Session 24th Research Officers' Annual Conference; Department of Agriculture; Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia; 1987; p36-57

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21396

Effect of ethephon, daminozide and chlormequate chloride on flowering and ripening of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Kadin, E
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Session 24th Research Officers' Annual Conference; Department of Agriculture; Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia; 1987; p58-82

Availability :
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia




NO. 21399

A histological study of the heterograft between Piper nigrum L. Kuching cultivar and pink genotype of Piper colubrinum L.


Kadin, E
Deparment of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Session 21st Research Officers' Annual Conference; Department of Agriculture; kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia; 1984; p59-74

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21401

Common features, cultural practices and problems of the pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cultivation in Serian District, Sarawak


Dimbab, N; Jegak, U; Peter, S; Spencer, E.S
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Bintulu; Sarawak; Malaysia

Research Report No.3: 1-33 (1989)

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21404

Response of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) to pruning and fertilizer regimes in Sarawak


Chih, C.P
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Session of the 15th Research Officers' Annual Conference; Sarawak, Malaysia, 1978; p95-101

Availability :
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia




NO. 21410

Effects of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne sp.) on the growth of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Leong, C.T
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Session 22nd Research Officers' Annual Conference; Sarawak, Malaysia, 1985; p95-107

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21413

Current activities and research progress in beverages and spices cultivation by MARDI
Kegiatan dan kemajuan penyelidikan tanaman rempah dan minuman oleh MARDI sehingga masa kini

Saharan, H.A; Lim, H.J; Abd.Rahman, A; Chong, W.S; Loh, C.F; Mohd.Ghawas, M; Mohd.Anuar, A
Miscellanous Crop Division; Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institue; Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of the Seminar on Spices and Beverages Crops; Kluang, Johor, Malaysia; 23rd January 1985; p71-81

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21414

Disease resistance improvement in pepper towards Phytophthora palmivora
Membiakbaik lada hitam untuk menentang penyakit utama Phytophthora palmivora

Mohd.Idris, Z.A
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of the Seminar on Spices and Beverages Crops; Kluang, Johor, Malaysia, 23 January 1985; p95-102

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21415

Nutritional disorders of pepper


Wong, T.H; Chin, S.P
Proceedings of the Senior Officers' Conference on Crop Protection and Management of Pepper; Sarikei, Sarawak, Malaysia; 27-30 October 1987; p127-143

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21416

Pests of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in Sarawak


Megir, G
Proceedings of the Senior Officers' Conference on Crop Protection and Management of Pepper; Sarikei, Sarawak, Malaysia; 27-30 October 1987; p148-161

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21418

Agronomic practices for greater efficiency in pepper cultivation


Wong, T.H
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Senior Officers' Conference on Crop Protection and Management of Pepper; Sarikei, Sarawak; 27-30 October 1987; p168-197

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21419

Field assessment of pepper new genotypes


Sim, S.L
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Senior Officers' Conference on Crop Protection and Management of Pepper; Sarikei, Sarawak; 27-30 October 1987; p168-197

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21421

Research activities and cultivation of pepper, tea and coffee in Sarawak


Sim, S.L; Lau, C.Y
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Seminar on Spices and Beverages Crops; Kluang, Johor, Malaysia, 23 January 1985; p30-70

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21422

A comparison of the effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the yield of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in Sarawak, Malaysia


Raj, H.G
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Malaysian Agriculture Journal 48 (4): 385-392 (1972)

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21424

A note on suspected toxicity of manganese to black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Sim, E.S
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Malaysian Agriculture Journal 48 (3): 244-248p (1972)

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21428

Induced nutrient deficiency symptoms of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) by water culture


Chin, S.P; Sim, S.L
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Sessions 19th Research Officers' Annual Conference, 1982; p162-173

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21429

Strategy and progress of pepper breeding


Sim, S.L
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Session 20th Research Officers' Annual Conference, 1983; p9-25

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 31380

Antibiotic and insecticide combinations check pepper maladies


Pordesimo, A.N; Raymundo, S.A; Joano, J
Agriculture at Los Ba¤os 1 (4): 13-14 (1962)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 21430

Fertilizer requirements of pepper in Sarawak


Wong, T.H
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Session 20th Research Officers' Annual Conference, 1983; p28-54

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21434

Piper germplasm collection


Sim, S.L
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Technical Sessions 19th Research Officers' Annual Conference, 1982; p22-38

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21453

The status of pepper in Sarawak


Bong, C.F.J; Mohd.Said, S
Agriculture University of Malaysia; Sarawak

Buletin Technikal [Technical Bulletin] No.3; 1985; 17p

Availability :
Department of Agriculture; Kota Kinabalu; Sabah; Malaysia




NO. 21464

Pepper


Department of Agriculture; Sabah; Malaysia

Department of Agriculture, Sabah, Leaflet No.851; 1978; 30p

Availability :
Department of Agriculture; Kota Kinabalu; Sabah; Malaysia




NO. 21581

The Department of Agriculture experience in the planting of coffee, tea, clove and pepper


Sivaram, D
Department of Agriculture; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

Proceedings of the the Seminar on Spices ad Beverages Crops, MARDI Research Station, 23 January 1985; Loh, CF (ed.); Mohd.Annuar, A (ed.); Kluang; Johore; MARDI; p1-15

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21583

Research activities and cultivation of pepper, tea and coffee in Sarawak


Sim, S.L; Lau, C.Y
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Seminar on Spices and Beverages Crops, MARDI Research Station, 23 January 1985; Loh, CF (ed.); Mohd.Annuar, A (ed.); Kluang; Johore; MARDI; p30-70

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21584

Research activities and progress related to postharvest handling and processing of beverages and spices crops


Zaidah, I; Shukor, A.R
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of the Seminar on Spices and Beverages Crops, MARDI Research Station, 23 January 1985; Loh, CF (ed.); Mohd.Annuar, A (ed.); Kluang; Johore; MARDI; p104-132

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21585

The status and potential of beverage and spice crops in Malaysia
Status dan potensi tanaman minuman dan rempah di Malaysia

Tengku Ariff, T.A; Mohd.Khairol, M.A
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of the Seminar on Spices and Beverages Crops, MARDI Research Station, 23 January 1985; Loh, CF (ed.); Mohd.Annuar, A (ed.); Kluang; Johore; MARDI; p145-187

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21588

The utilization of 'dedap' trees as supports for pepper vines - costs and returns
Penggunaan dedap sebagai sokongan pokok lada serta kos pulangannya

Muhamad Ghawas, M; Wan Rubiah, A
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Kluang; Johore

Teknologi Pelbagai Tanaman [Miscellaneous Crops Technology] 4: 51-56 (1988)

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21589

Non-deflowering in pepper cultivation


Yau, P.Y; Abdul Rahman, A
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Teknologi Pelbagai Tanaman [Miscellaneous Crops Technology] 4: 57-59 (1988)

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21592

The rationale for deflowering in pepper (Piper nigrum L. var. Kuching) cultivation


Yau, P.Y; Abdul Rahman, A
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Kluang; Johore

MARDI Research Journal 17 (1): 131-135 (1989)

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21598

Recent activities and research progress on spice and beverage crops by MARDI
Kegiatan dan kemajuan penyelidikan tanaman rempah dan minuman oleh MARDI sehingga masa kini

Saharan, H.A; Lim, H.J; Abdul Rahman, A; Chong, W.S; Low, C.F; Mohd.Ghawas, M; Mohd. Annuar, A
Miscellaneous Crop Division; MARDI; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia

Proceedings of the Seminar on Spices and Beverages Crops, MARDI Research Station, 23 January 1985; Loh, CF (ed.); Mohd.Annuar, A (ed.); Kluang; Johore; MARDI; p71-81

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21601

Agronomic recommendations for pepper cultivation in Sarawak


Wong, T.H
Agricultural Research Centre; Semongok; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p71-88

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21602

Market outlook for pepper


Lau, J.L.C
Pepper Marketing Board; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p203-210

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21603

The marketing of Malaysian pepper


Tiong, I.C
Pepper Marketing Board; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the National Conference on Peper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p211-219

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21604

Pest and diseases of black pepper - A review


Kueh, T.K
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p115-133

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21605

Effect of cover plants on early growth and yield of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Wong, TH; Sim, SL
Agricultural Research Centre; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p95-103

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21606

The present status of pepper in Malaysia


Bong, C.F.J
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Kuching Branch; Sarawak

Proceedings of the National Conference of Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21610

Pepper processing in Malaysia - A review


Zahara, M
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of the NAtional Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p169-183

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21625

Stem anatomy of Piper nigrum L. and Piper colubrinum and the development of their graft union


Kadin, E; Sim, S.L
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceeeings of the National Conference of Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p35-42

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 22280

Establishment and growth of Leucaena and Gliricidia alley cropped with pepper and sorghum


Atta-Krah, A.N; Kolawole, G.D
International Livestock Centre of Africa (ILCA); PMB 5320; Ibadan; Nigeria

Leucaena Research Reports 8: 46-48 (1987)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 22424

Studies on Piper nigrum L. (L.) and P. colubrinum


Goh, S.C
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Bintulu; Sarawak

BSc thesis; Bintulu; Sarawak; Agricultural University of Malaysia; 1979; 64p

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 22881

Pilot scale irradiation of pepper for export


Lebai, J.M; Ali, F; Mardi, R; Ali, N.M
Tun Ismail Atomic Centre (PUSPATI); Bangi; Selangor

Proceeding of the National IRPA Seminar (Agriculture), 6-11 January 1992, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Kuala Lumpur; Vol.II (Livestock, Fisheries, Food and harvest, Forestry, General); p346-347

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 30380

Coconut-based multi-story cropping


Margate, R.Z; Magat, S.S
Philippine Journal of Crop Science 8 (2): 81-86 (1983)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 30507

Research status of essential oils extracted from Philippine plants


Unalivia, F.D
Philippine Journal of Science 113 (3-4): 225-229 (1984)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 30558

Estimation of leaf areas of vanilla, black pepper, coffee, and cacao from leaf length and leaf width data


Banawa, J.B, Jr
Thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1967; 54p

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31734

Preliminary trials in marcotting black pepper


Dolar, S.G
Philippine Agriculturist 43 (8): 485-493 (1960)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 6115

Effects of shade and fertilizer application on the growth and yield of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pengaruh naungan dan pemupukan terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Wahid, P
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Post Graduate Studies; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 201p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 40103

Preliminary studies in vegetative propagation of Piper nigrum


Kamp, B.G
Lowlands Agricultural Experiment Station; Kerevat; Papua New Guinea

PNG Agricultural Journal 21 (2): 88-92 (1969)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 6116

Effects of mulching and covering on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings
Pengaruh penggunaan mulsa dan tutup terhadap pertumbuhan setek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Wahid, P
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Post Graduate Studies; Bogor Agricultural University; 1980; 88p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6117

Effects of shade, mulch and fertilizer on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) var. Bulok Belatung
Pengaruh naungan, mulsa dan pupuk terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) var. Bulok Belatung

Faisal, A
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Post Graduate Studies; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 118p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 40412

Pepper


Anonymous
Department of Primary Industry; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Department of Primary Industry Farming Notes No.16 (revised edition); 1975; ip; 10p

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 6118

Detection of the cause of dwarfing disease on pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Deteksi penyebab penyakit kerdil pada tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Ben, F.A
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Post Graduate Studies; Bogor Agricultural University; 1988; 38p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6121

Effect of plant residue on the development of foot rot (Phythopthora palmivora (Butler)Butler on pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh residu tanaman terhadap perkembangan penyakit busuk pangkal batang (Phytopthora palmivora (Butler)Butler) pada tanaman lada

Kosim, R
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Post Graduate Studies; Bogor Agricultural University; 1985; 52p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6123

Effect of light intensity and pruning on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh intensitas cahaya dan pangkasan terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Zamarel
Bandung; Faculty of Post Graduate Studies; Padjadjaran University; 1985; 111p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6130

Effects of IBA concentration and planting method on root growth of pepper cuttings
Pengaruh konsentrasi IBA dan cara menanam terhadap pertumbuhan akar setek lada

Zaubin, R
Tanjungkarang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 9 (49): 55-59 (1984)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6132

Effects of nematode and fungi infestations on the growth and yellow disease of pepper (Piper nigrum)
Pengaruh serangan nematoda dan cendawan terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman lada dan penyakit kuning

Mustika, I
Tanjungkarang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 9 (49): 28-39 (1984)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6134

Pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Anonymous
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Leaflet Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Leaflet of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] (3): 1-3[no date]

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6140

Effect of inoculation methods on some varieties of pepper on stem rot disease caused by Phytophthora palmivora Butler
Pengaruh cara inokulasi pada beberapa varietas tanaman lada terhadap penyakit busuk pangkal batang yang disebabkan oleh Phytophthora palmivora Butler

Busroni, L.R
Thesis; Palembang; Faculty of Agriculture; Sriwijaya University; 1981; 55p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6141

Effect of some fertilizers applied by leaves on the growth of one-node pepper cuttings with a single leaf
Pengaruh beberapa pupuk yang diberikan melalui daun terhadap pertumbuhan stek lada satu nodus berdaun tunggal

Absy, A.F
Thesis; Palembang; Faculty of Agriculture; Sriwijaya University; 1980; 63p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6142

Effect of a mixture of dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2) and stable manure applied into the soils of abandoned tin mining on the shoot growth of some pepper varieties (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pengaruh pemberian campuran dolomit (CaMg(CO3)2) dan pupuk kandang pada tanah bekas tambang timah terhadap pertumbuhan turus beberapa varietas lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Cafriarya, H
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1988; 69p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6208

Grafting trials of cultivated and wild peppers
Penelitian penyambungan tanaman lada dengan lada liar

Zaubin, R; Suparman, U; Sunarti, T
Tanjungkarang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 8 (47-48): 21-26 (1983)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6323

Analysis of the correlation between technical parameter and productivity in pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cultivation in Indonesia
Analisis hubungan antara peubah teknik budidaya lada (Piper nigrum L.) dengan produktivitas lada di Indonesia

Suharjo, H.S
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Statistics and Computation; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1983; 38p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6337

Serious diseases of people's pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) plantation in West Abung Subdistrict, North Lampung District, Lampung Province
Hama-hama penting pada tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.) rakyat di Kecamatan Abung Barat, Kabupaten Lampung Utara, Propinsi Lampung

Mawardi
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1982; 54p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6498

Morpho-chemotaxonomical study on 18 varieties of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Studi morfo-kemotaksonomi 18 varietas lada (Piper nigrum Linnaeus)

Wibawaty, P
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bogor Agricultural University; 1988; 47p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6509

Effect of mulching on temperature and soil moisture fluctuations, and on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn. var. Bulok Belatung)
Pengaruh penggunaan mulsa terhadap fluktuasi suhu dan kelengasan tanah serta pertumbuhan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.) var. Bulok Belatung

Djajanti, D
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bogor Agricultural University; 1986; 101p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6520

Agroclimatological observation on the cultivation of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) in Petaling Experimental Garden, Bangka
Tinjauan agroklimat terhadap budidaya tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.) di Kebun Percobaan Petaling Bangka

Sulasmi
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bogor Agricultural University; 1987; 70p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6539

Observation on some major diseases of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in Kotabumi Subdistrict, North Lampung district, Lampung Province
Pengamatan penyakit penting tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) di Kecamatan Kotabumi, Kabupaten Lampung Utara, Propinsi Lampung

Ricabyarso, T
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agricultural Polytechniques; Bogor Agricultural University; 1986; 37p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6860

Effects of soil burning and ash on the growth of cutting material of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh pembakaran tanah dan abu terhadap pertumbuhan bibit stek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Pangaribuan, R
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1989; 68p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6928

Diseases on pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) in smallholders' plantations in Tanjung Raja Subdistrict, North Lampung District, Lampung Province
Penyakit pada tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.) di Perkebunan Rakyat Kecamatan Tanjung Raja, Kabupaten Lampung Utara, Propinsi Dati I Lampung

Noor, M.F
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1986; 52p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 7150

Effect of IBA concentration and planting method on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings in the nursery
Pengaruh konsentrasi IBA dan cara tanam terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada (Piper nigrum L.) di pesemaian

Damiri, A
Thesis; Surakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Sebelas Maret University; 1988; 68p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Sebelas Maret University; Surakarta; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 7159

Effect of IBA and foliar fertilizer concentrations on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) shoots
Pengaruh kadar IBA dan pupuk daun terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Ansori, I
Thesis; Surakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Sebelas Maret University; 1988; 64p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Sebelas Maret University; Surakarta; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 7221

Dasynus piperis Utina as a pest of pepper
Dasynus piperis Utina hama dari tanaman lada

Norjono
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1957; 57p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 7223

Cultivation of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) in Lampung area
Penanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.) di daerah Lampung

Marsadi
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1962; 106p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 7224

Fertilizers application on pepper
Pemupukan pada tanaman lada

Marsadi
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1962; 81p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 7384

Application of IBA in the effort of accelerating root growth from three parts of climbing tendrils of pepper cuttings (Piper nigrum L.)
Penggunaan IBA dalam usaha mempercepat pertumbuhan akar dari tiga bagian sulur panjat turus lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Sutrisna, I.B
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1983; 46p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 7703

Effect of fertilizers and growth regulators on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings
Pengaruh pemupukan dan zat pengatur tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan setek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Kristanto, Y
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1988; 77p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 8018

Pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Anonymous
Padang Agricultural Information Service; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Balai Informasi Pertanian Padang [Padang Agricultural Information Service] No.7; 1980/1981

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 8081

Preparation of clove planting materials using two-node (one internode) cuttings
Pembibitan lada panjang stek dua buku (satu ruas)

Anonymous
West Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Service; West Nusa Tenggara; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian NTB [West Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Bulletin] (3): 4-5 (1983/1984)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 8151

Microflora of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in East Jakarta area and examination of its thermophyl properties
Mikroflora lada (Piper nigrum L.) di wilayah Jakarta Timur dan pengujian sifat termofilnya

Djajadiningrat, M.R
Thesis; Depok; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; 1983; 55p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 8239

The influence of distillation methods of black pepper on oil production and quality
Cara penyulingan lada hitam mempengaruhi rendemen dan mutu minyaknya

Rusli, S; Muchlis, N.A
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings Seminar Minyak Atsiri III [Proceedings of the Third Seminar on Essential Oils]; Bogor; Balai Penelitian Kimia; 1978; p171-182

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 8240

Isolation of essential oils and oleoresin from black pepper
Isolasi minyak atsiri dan oleoresin dari lada hitam

Moestafa, A
Bogor Chemical Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings Seminar Minyak Atsiri III [Proceedings of the Third Seminar on Essential Oils]; Bogor; Balai Penelitian Kimia; 1978; p183-209

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 8776

Estimation of optimum plot size in research of pepper cultivation
Pendugaan ukuran petak optimal untuk penelitian tanaman lada

Norheru; Dwiwarni, I; Hasnam
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News]; 7 (40): 5-8 (1981)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8777

Effects of cutting material, planting method and growth regulator on the root growth of pepper cuttings
Pengaruh bahan stek, cara tanam dan zat tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan akar stek lada

Zaubin, R
Tanjung Karang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News]; 7 (40): 31-35 (1981)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8781

Leaf area index of some pepper cultivars
Indeks penghitungan luas daun beberapa varietas lada

Karnawati, E; Rahayuningsih; Bachri, S
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News]; 8 (43): 28-30 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8796

Preparation of oleoresin of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) from the destillation residue of its essential oil steamed
Pembuatan oleoresin lada hitam (Piper nigrum L.) dari sisa penyulingan uap minyak atsiri

Moestafa, A
Institute for Development of Chemico-metalurgy and General Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta IHP [Journal of Agro-based Industry] 6 (2): 19-23 (1989)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 8812

Experiment in cutting of pepper plant
Percobaan penyetekan tanaman lada

Wahid, P
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops]; 7 (40): 17-24 (1981)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8817

Effects of mulching and covering on the growth of pepper cuttings
Pengaruh mulsa dan tutup terhadap pertumbuhan stek tanaman lada

Wahid, P
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops]; 7 (41): 39-47 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8820

Effects of fertilization and nematode infestation on the growth of pepper and yellow disease
Pengaruh pemupukan dan nematoda terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman lada dan penyakit kuning

Mustika, I
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops]; 8 (42): 8-20 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8826

Estimation of some main characteristics of five pepper cultivars
Pendugaan beberapa sifat utama pada lima varietas lada

Rahayuningsih; Karmawati, E; Bachri, S
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops]; 8 (43): 42-46 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 9105

Vegetative propagation of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Perbanyakan vegetatif tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Zaubin, R; Wahid, P
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Clove, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut Breeding]; Bogor; Centre for Research and Development of Industrial Crops; 1988; p157-164

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 23399

Plant analysis and mineral nutrition of Piper nigrum L. in Sarawak Vol 1: Text


Sim, E.S
Lee Ming Press; Kuching; 1991

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 31371

How to produce dwarf black pepper


Bondoc, L.O
Agriculture at Los Ba¤os 1 (2): 6-8 (1961)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 9136

Effect of the application intervals of concentration of a mixture of nitro-aromatic and foliar compound micro-nutrient fertilizer on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) planting materials
Pengaruh interval penggunaan konsentrasi campuran nitro aromatik dan pupuk daun mikro lengkap terhadap pertumbuhan bibit tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Yusuf M
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1988; 58p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9160

Application of a mixture of some auxins (rootone-F) and natural phosphate fertilizers on the growth of one-internode pepper (Piper nigrum L.) stumps
Penggunaan campuran beberapa auxin (rootone-F) dan pupuk fosfat alam terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada (Piper nigrum L.) satu ruas

Sitepu, A
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1987; 45p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9194

Effects of type of media and IBA concentrations on the growth of single node pepper cutting (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh macam media dan konsentrasi IBA terhadap pertumbuhan stek lada (Piper nigrum L.)satu ruas

Susilo, E.H
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1987; 62p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9197

Effects of Sitozyme bioactivator solution and complete foliar fertilizer on the growth of pepper stumps (Piper nigrum L)
Pengaruh larutan bioaktivator Sitozim dan pupuk daun lengkap terhadap pertumbuhan turus tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Setyawan, T
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1990; 61p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9210

Prospect of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) development through 'UPP-PRPTE' project in Toboali Subdistrict, Bangka Regency, South Sumatra
Prospek pengembangan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) melalui proyek UPP-PRPTE di Kecamatan Toboali, Kabupaten Bangka, Sumatra-Selatan

Susanti, E
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1990; 88p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9254

Effects of soaking delay and soaking duration on the quality of white Bangka pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh lama penundaan perendaman dan lama rendaman terhadap kualitas lada (Piper nigrum L.) putih Bangka

Riduwan
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1987; 61p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9255

Effects of different foliar fertilizers on the growth of one internode-single leaved pepper cuttings
Pemupukan lewat daun dengan berbagai jenis pupuk, pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan turus satu ruas berdaun tunggal tanaman lada

Razak, A
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1982; 27p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9257

Effects of concentration of a mixture of NAD, MeNAA, MeNAD, IBA (Rootone-F) and MgSO4 fertilizers on the growth of one internode pepper cuttings
Pengaruh kadar campuran NAD, MeNAA, MeNAD, IBA (Rootone-F) dan pupuk MgSO4 terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada satu ruas

Ramidi
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1984; 33p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9269

Effects of types of growth regulator and tendrils on the root growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) stumps
Pengaruh macam zat pengatur tumbuh dan macam sulur terhadap pertumbuhan akar turus lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Rusgiharso
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1990; 41p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9270

Effects of different concentrations of nitro aromatic and soaking duration on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) stumps
Pengaruh nitro aromatik dalam berbagai konsentrasi dan lama perendaman terhadap pertumbuhan turus tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Riyantoni
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1986; 44p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9331

Effects of the application of a mixture of dolomite (CaMg (CO3)2) and stable manures into the soils of ex tin-mining on the growth of stumps of some pepper varieties (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh pemberian campuran dolomit (CaMg (CO3)2) dan pupuk kandang pada tanah bekas tambang timah terhadap pertumbuhan turus beberapa varietas lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Cafriarya, H
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1988; 68p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9333

Effects of different concentrations of IBA (Rhizophon AA) on the growth of one-internode-single-leaved pepper stumps
Pengaruh berbagai konsentrasi IBA (Rhizopon AA) terhadap pertumbuhan turus satu ruas berdaun tunggal tanaman lada

Lukmansyah
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1983; 62p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9348

Effects of the application of Rootone-F growth regulator and cattle urine on the root growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) stumps
Pengaruh pemberian zat pengatur tumbuh Rootone-F dan urin sapi terhadap pertumbuhan akar turus tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Karim
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1990; 54p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9358

Effects of controlled nutrient released fertilizer and dosage of stable manure on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh pupuk pelepas hara terkendali dan dosis pupuk kandang terhadap pertumbuhan stek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Hastorini, N
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1988; 74p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9381

Effects of grain size and dosage of natural phosphate on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seedlings
Pengaruh ukuran butir dan takaran fosfat alam terhadap pertumbuhan bibit lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Harsono
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1981; 35p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9388

Effects of the application of nitrogen fertilizer and Rhizophon AA (Indole butyric acid) plant growth regulator on the growth of one-internode-single leaf pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh pemberian pupuk nitrogen dan zat pengatur tumbuhan Rhizopon AA (Indole butyric acid)terhadap pertumbuhan turus tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) dengan turus satu ruas berdaun tunggal

Hutapea, B
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1990; 82p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9558

Effect of IBA concentrations on the root growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) stem cuttings
Pengaruh konsentrasi IBA terhadap pertumbuhan akar turus batang lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Sugimin, G
Thesis; Salatiga; Satya Wacana Christian University; 1989; 39p

Availability :
Satya Wacana Christian University; Salatiga; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 10194

Black pepper
Prikthai

Silayoi, I
Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Warasarn phuetsuan [Horticulture Journal] 13 (3): 51-64 (1978)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10417

Black pepper
Prikthai

Kirtpridi, S
Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thiland

Kasikorn [Farmers Journal] 25 (5): 403-408 (1952)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10435

Black pepper growing in Chanthaburi Province
Karnpluk prikthai nai Changwat Chanthaburi

Boonbongkarn, C
Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Kasikorn [Farmers Journal] 23 (3): 183-190 (1950)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10437

Black pepper growing in Chanthaburi Province
Karnpluk prikthai nai Changwat Chanthaburi

Boonbongkarn, C
Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Kasikorn [Farmers Journal] 23 (5): 351-357 (1950)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10438

Black pepper growing in Chanthaburi Province
Karnpluk prikthai nai Changwat Chanthaburi

Boonbongkarn, C
Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Kasikorn [Farmers Journal] 23 (4): 295-303 (1950)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10675

Shrub black pepper
Phrikthai phum

Khongtrikaew, C
Department of Agricultural Extension; Bangkok; Thailand

Kheha karn kaset [House Agricultural Magazine] 12 (139): 36-40 (1988)

Availability :
Polprasid, P; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10809

Black pepper
Kanpluk phrikthai

Khanaphuset, K; Raktham, S
Horticulture Research Institute; Bangkok; Thailand

Kaset kaona [Modern Agricultural Journal] 2 (3): 12-21 (1987)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 10953

Black pepper
Phrikthai

Sitta, K
Office of the Permanent Secretary; Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; Bangkok; Thailand

Warasarn songserm karnkaset [Agricultural Extension Newsletter] 10 (1): 51-57 (1976)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 10986

Black pepper
Phrikthai

Sadudee, S
Department of Plant Science; Prince of Songkhla University; Thailand

Phuetsartsarn [Plant Science Newsletter] 5 (3): 14-19 (1983)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 67487

The effects of soil types from different location on the growth of four black pepper cultivar


Jufdy, M.P
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 1 (2): 1-5 (1993)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 20326

A quick method of propagating pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Satu kaedah mempercepatkan pembiakan lada hitam (Piper nigrum L.)

Mohd.Ghawas, M; Miswan, J
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Teknologi Pertanian [Agricultural Technology] 5 (1): 50-54 (1984)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20487

The effect of maturity and storage on the viability of pepper seeds (Piper nigrum L.)


Muhamad Ghawas, M
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Research Bulletin 11 (2): 166-170 (1983)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20678

Effect of Meloidogyne species on the growth of Piper nigrum L.


Winoto, S.R
University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

Malaysian Agriculture Research 1 (2): 86-89 (1972)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 20710

Development of green pepper products


Puan, S; Muhd.Bakri, T; Mohd.Nordin, M.S
Malaysian Agricultural Research Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Report (98); 1987; 14p

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 21145

Foliar diagnosis, nutrition and yield stability of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in Sarawak


Waard, PWF de
Royal Tropical Institute; Amsterdam; Netherlands

Communication Department of Agricultural Research; Royal Tropical Institute; Amsterdam No.58; 1969; 149p

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 21607

Origin, distribution and botany of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Lim, S.L
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p17-24

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21608

Pepper breeding in Malaysia


Sim, S.L
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p47-55

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21609

Genetics and breeding strategy of Piper nigrum L.


Saad, M.S; Bong, M.S
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Kuching Branch; Sarawak

Proceedings of the National Conference of Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p57-65

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21611

Mass screening of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seedling for resistance to Phytophthora palmivora


Mohamad Idris, Z.A; Mohamad Zakaria, H
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of the National Conference of Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p67-70

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21612

Propagation of single-node pepper cuttings


Sim, S.L
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the National Conference of Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p105-113

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 21615

Pepper seed quality and storage


Mohammad, M.L
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of the National Conference of Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17 December 1985, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Kuching Branch, Sarawak; p43-45

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 23054


Disease of black pepper and their management

Kueh, T.K
3rd International conference on Plant Protection in the Tropics Vol.IV; 1990; p114

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia




NO. 23081

The management of Phytophthora foot root disease of Piper nigrum L. in Sarawak, Malaysia


Chien, P.U
Crop Protection Divison; Department of Agriculture; Malaysia

3rd International Conference on Plant Protection in the Tropics; Vol.IV; 1990; p274-280

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia




NO. 31378

The world better pepper


Fajardo, P.S
Agriculture at Los Ba¤os 1 (4): 6-7 (1962)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 63693

Preparing pepper planting
Persiapan penanaman lada

Anonymous
Bengkulu Agricultural Information Service (36); 1987-1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 23104

Foot rot disease of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) caused by Phytophtora palmivora in Sarawak


Kueh, T.K
Semonggok Agriculture Research Centre; Sarawak; Malaysia

Thesis; Penang; University of Malaysia; 1977; ?p

Availability :
Science University of Malaysia; Penang




NO. 23157


Evaluation of chemicals for the control of Phytophthora palmivora from Piper nigrum

Khew, K.L
School of Biological Sciences; Science University of Malaysia; Penang

Malaysian Journal of Agriculture 52: 263-272 (1980)

Availability :
Science University of Malaysia; Penang




NO. 23280


Food, oviposition preference and biological of the pepper weevil, Lophobalis piperis to selected pepper varieties

Mohd Anuar, A
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Kluang; Johore

Proceeding of National IRPA Seminar (Agricultural Sector)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 23363


Performance of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) or some selected live supports

Abd.Rahman, A
Malaysian Agricultural Research And Development Institute; Kluang; Johore

Proceedings of National IRPA [Intensification of Research in Priority Areas] Seminar [Agricultural Sector]; Ho, YW; Vidyadaran, MK; Norhani, A; Jainudeen, MR; Abd Rani, B (eds.); 1992; p33-34

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 23391

Induced nutrient disorders in pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Chin, S.P; Sim, S.L; Wong, T.H
Agriculture Research Centre; Sarawak; Malaysia

23rd Research Officers Annual Conference 1986; p5-26

Abstract:
Deficiency symptoms of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese and boron and toxicity symptoms of manganese in Piper nigrum L. were induced through water and sand culture methods. Photographic records and qualitative descriptions were made for each nutrient element. An attempt was also made to quantify the effects of these nutrient disorders on some growth parameters.

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 23398

Boundary of analysis and model of the foliar diagnostic norms for black pepper


Sim, E.S; Fatimah, O
Agriculture Research Centre; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings Malaysian Soil Conference; Malacca; 20-21 March 1990; ?p

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 23440

A field guide to diseases, pests and nutritional disorders of black pepper in Sarawak


Kueh, T.K; Gumbek, M; Wong, T.H; Chin, S.P
Agriculture Research Centre; Sarawak; Malaysia

Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 24631

Comparison of nutrient status of upper and lower part of various slopes on soil under pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cultivation


Ahmad Husni, MH; Sukri, A; Peli, M; Mohamed Hanafi, M
Soil Science Department; University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17th December 1985; Sarawak

Abstract:
A study was conducted to investigate the effects of three different slopes (10-15%, 30-35%, and 45-50%) on the content of the nutrients (P, K, Ca and Mg) at two different soil depths (0-15 cm and 15-30 cm) on a soil cultivated with pepper (Piper nigrum L.). The results showed that there was no significant difference (P=0.05) in P content between the slopes at both the upper parts of the slope for the two soil depths. The slope gave significant difference in the Ca content of the soil. The effect of the slope on the contents of the nutrients was in the decreasing order of Ca>K>Mg>P.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 24632

Preliminary studies on the use of chlorine water to control foot rot disease of pepper


Bong, C.F.J; Ibrahim, M.Y
Plant Protection Division; University Putra Malaysia; Kuching; Sarawak

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17th December 1985; Sarawak

Abstract:
In vitro studies at chlorine concentrations of 10, 50, 100, 300, 500 and 1000 ug/ml a.i were conducted to test the effect of chlorine water on Phytophthora palmivora MF4 originally isolated from diseased roots of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) plant. Good mycedial growth inhibitions (44-98%) were obtained only during the first 3-4 days after treatment. The ED50 value was 34 ug/ml a.i. The potential use of chlorine as an alternative chemical to control the disease are discussed. Further trials are presently being conducted.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 24633

Effect of benomyl on the control of black berry disease of black pepper


Kueh, T.K; Chang, S.H
Department of Agriculture; Sarawak

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17th December 1985; Sarawak

Abstract:
Benlate (benomyl) 50 WP @ 0.05 a.i., Delsene 75 WP (carbendazim) @ 0.05 and 0.1% a.i. and Delsene MX200 (carbendazim 6.2% plus mancozeb 73.8%) @ 0.1 and 0.2% a.i significantly increased green berry yield, spike length, number of berries per spike, berry size, pericarp thickness, fresh and dry weight of berries having diameter greater than 4 mm. The number of Colletotrichum spots per berry was reduced. The quality of berries in terms of oleoresin, piperine, volatile oils and macro- and micro-elements was similar to the untreated control. In the four other field experiments Benlate @ 0.05 and 0.1% a.i., Delsene MX200 @ 0.1 and 0.2% a.i., Combat (carbendazim) @ 0.1% and tilt (Propicona zole) @ 0.05% showed positive effect on green berry yield in crease and spot reduction. There was no indication that Colletotrichum piperis and C. capsici isolated from black pepper growing areas where Benlate 50 WP had been used in the past years developed resistance to Benlate.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 30999

Black pepper 'black gold'


Matienzo, L.H
Greenfields 10 (2): 4-9 (1980)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 24634

Little sickle leaf disease of black pepper


Kueh, T.K; Ahmed, M.I
Department of Agriculture; Sarawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17th December 1985; Sarawak

Abstract:
Little sickle leaf disease of black pepper (Piper nigrum L. L) occurs occasionally in young vines grown in soils with sandy texture. The main symptoms are distortion, chlorosis, mottling and size reduction of leaves, shortening of internodes and berry spikes, and stunned growth. Cultivated varieties 'Kuching', 'Uthirancotta' and 'Belantung' are susceptible to the disease. Detailed investigations of partially and severely infected 'Kuching' pepper vines indicated that the initial infection sets in four to seven months after field planting. It was, however, not uncommon to find commencement of infection in more than one year old vines. Petiole length, leaf length, leaf width, leaf area, fresh and dry weights per spike, number of berries per spike, and fresh and dry weights of berries per spike were significantly reduced in severely and partially infected vines. Chemical analysis of laminae revealed that dry matter was significantly reduced but phosphorus and zinc contents were significantly increased in severely infected vines and infected climbing stems of partially vines. Green berry yield was drastically reduced in partially and severely infected vines. Infection within a holding did not follow the epidemic growth curve. Fusarium solani and F. moniliforme were isolated from the roots and underground stems of infected vines. Isolates of these two fungi did not prove to be pathogenic to three months old potted clonal 'Kuching' pepper cutting. There was no significant difference in the populations of leaf hoppers and free living nematodes between healthy and infected vines. Grafting failed to transmit the disease in field. Extra input of fertilizer (12:12:17:2), fritted trace elements and urea coupled with soybean cake did not improve the disease situation in infected vines. Ferrous sulphate, sodium borate, sodium molybdate and zinc sulphate given as foliar sprays and incorporated into soil mound did not show any beneficial effect on the disease conditions in five- year-old infected vines. Tetracycline sprayed at 250 mg/litre until run-off at two-week intervals for six months did not have curative effect on infected vines.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 24635

The decontamination of spices by gamma irradiation with reference to black and white pepper - a review


Muhamad Lebai, J; Fatimah, M.A; Foziah, A
Nuclear Energy Unit; Prime Minister's Department; Bangi; Selangor

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17th. December 1985; Sarawak

Abstract:
Spices have been used since the earliest days of food preparation and this practice has been, continued in modern food processing. Spices are strongly aromatic (and often pungent) vegetable materials, many of which originate in tropical and semitropical regions. Spices are normally added in small quantity into food to impart their own characteristics flavour and also enhance the natural flavour of food itself. Unfortunately, spices are normally contaminated heavily with numerous micro- organisms owing to its origin, and causes various problems for food industries especially in importing countries of Europe, U.S.A and Japan. Present methods of decontamination using heat, fumigation and to some extent ultra-violet ray are not very effective to reduce the microbial numbers and often affect the organoleptic quality of the products. Data obtained locally and overseas indicated, treatment of pepper in packing materials which avoid recontamination are efficient and more effective in reducing microbial number and maintain quality of the pepper throughout storage and inter-country shipment. These findings are very significant to international pepper trade in view of improving the hygienic quality and rejection of peppers. The paper intends to review the present status of the use gamma irradiation to upgrade quality of pepper internationally and its possible utilization in Malaysian pepper industry.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 24636

An improved mechanized pepper thresher


Ahmad, J; Bong, C.F.J; Saad, M.S
Agricultural Engineering Division; University Putra Malaysia; Sarawak

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17th. December 1985; Sarawak

Abstract:
An improved mechanized pepper thresher was designed, at the Universiti Pertanian Malaysia Cawangan Sarawak, to carry out three main functions: to detach berries from the spikes, to separate detached berries from the empty spikes or stalks, and to separate large berries (> 5 mm diameter) for white pepper production. Three stages of tests: threshing efficiency, sieving effectiveness and threshing and sieving combination tests were conducted to obtain the best drum rotating and sieve vibration speeds. The best combination speed was 800 and 320 rpm for drum and sieve respectively. At these rpm, the thresher was capable of threshing 250 kg/hour green berries giving 99.9% threshing efficiency with less than 10% damaged berries, and effective sieving.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 24637

A communication support program for pepper growers in Sarawak


Dimbab, N
Life Sciences Department; University Putra Malaysia; Kuching; Sarawak

Proceedings of the National Conference on Pepper in Malaysia, 16-17th. December 1985; Sarawak

Abstract:
Pepper is a labour and capital intensive cash crop. It re quires a proper management of resources and all farming operations to ascertain high yield. Apart from agricultural extension undertaken by Department of Agriculture (which is limited to farmers under the pepper subsidy scheme), there is no specific and organized strategy to transfer such managerial know-how to pepper growers in Sarawak. As a measure to fill this gap, this paper outlines a communication support program to equip pepper growers, particularly the natives with adequate and appropriate knowledge and management skill pertaining to pepper production.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 67897

Pepper petiole oleoresin as fumigant of various seeds
Oleoresin tangkai lada sebagai fumigasi biji-bijian

Siregar, S.R; Refianiati; Prayudie, U; Rusdi, E
Tanjung Karang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Majalah Ilmiah Balai Industri Tanjung Karang [Scientific Journal of the Tanjung Karang Industrial Institute] 1 (1): 1-8 (1994)

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 31185

Insecticidal activity of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) extracts


Javier, P.A; Rejesus, B.M
The Philippine Entomologist 6 (5): 517-525 (1986)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31341

The dwarf black pepper


Dolar, S.G; Anunciado, I.S
Agriculture at Los Ba¤os 4 (1): 16-21 (1964)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31553

The pests and diseases of solanaceous vegetables


Atienza, A.J
Greenfields 2 (2): 32-33 (1973)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31638

The black pepper culture in the College of Agriculture at Los Banos


David, P.A
Philippine Agriculturist 35 (3): 130-136 (1951)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31684

Selection and propagation of black pepper


Almirante, B.A
Philippine Agriculturist 38 (9-10): 619-625 (1955)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31791

A new virus disease of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Del Rosario, M.A.S
Philippine Agriculturist 45 (3): 141-143 (1961)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 32032

Some pointers on black pepper


Sarian, Z.B (ed.)
Philippine Farms and Gardens 6 (5): 36 (1969)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 32254

Intercropping coconuts with black pepper


Epino, M.R (ed)
Agriscope 1 (3): 32-33 (1986)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 32357

Growing black gold in your farm


Magpantay, D.Z
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 21 (12); 15-16 (1988)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 33241

Intercrop blackpepper with coconut


Floresca, R.F
Countryside Journal 1 (2): 26-27, 36 (1983)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33352

How to germinate black pepper in a propagator


Callano, R.S
Extension Bulletin No.3 (1986)

Availability :
Library; Agricultural Research Center; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 33353

How to propagate black pepper


Latada, M.S; Baluyot, N.M
Extension Bulletin No.1 (1986)

Availability :
Library; Agricultural Research Center; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 33875

The effect of alpha napthalene acetic acid and captan on the propagation of black pepper (Piper nigrum L. Linn.)


Acson, E.B; Dela Cruz, E.M; Martinez, E.A
The Isabela State University Journal 16 (3-4): 21 (1986)

Availability :
Library; Cagayan Valley Agriculture and Resources Research Development; Isabela State University; Echague; Philippines




NO. 63718

Post-harvest handling of pepper
Pasca panen lada

Anonymous
Lampung Agricultural Information Service (12); 1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63740

Pepper seeding
Pembibitan lada

Anonymous
Aceh Agricultural Information Service (010); 1987-1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 33876

The effect of varying length of cuttings on the propagation of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Fidel, F.M; Martinez, E.A
The Isabela State University Research Journal 16 (3-4): 41 (1986)

Availability :
Library; Cagayan Valley Agriculture and Resources Research Development; Isabela State University; Echague; Philippines




NO. 68091

Controlling foot-rot disease of black pepper through cultural practice and chemical control
Pengendalian penyakit busuk pangkal batang lada secara kultur teknik dan kimiawi

Yuwono, R
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1992; 44p

Abstract:
Disease control of foot-rot on black pepper was tested by two methods, i.e. cultural practice and chemical control. The cultural practice was done by using 4 kinds of cutting materials, i.e. runners, hanging shoots, climbing shoots, anad stolons (stems). Cuttings were infected with Phytopthora palmi- vora. Results showed that there was no significant difference on both plant infected and, intensity of foot-rot disease of black pepper among cutting materials. As a single factor, fungicides could reduce the disease. There were differences on incubation periods among cutting materials. The shortest incubation period was found on runners (4,89 days), followed by hanging shoots (6,37 days), climbing shoots (7,89 days), and stolons (8,12 days). Chemical control with systemic fungicides using 0.1% benomyl, 0.1% thiophanate methyl were applied singly by dipping cutting materials into fungicide solution; and 0.5 g/pot metalaxyl was applied by pouring on planting holes. Fungicides could significantly reduce plant infected and disease intensity, however the fungicide treatments were considered not effective since the foot-rot intensity was still exceeding 50 percent. In the second experiment by mixing 0.5 g/pot metalaxyl on infested soil and dipping cutting materials in 0.2% benomyl and 0.2% thiophanate methyl showed better reduction of the disease. Metalaxyl was more effective than benomyl and thiophanate methyl in controlling foot-rot disease. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 34866

Status of vegetable production,research and development in the Philippines


Pantastico, E.B; Ragus, L.N
Vegetable production from the equator to the poles; Los Ba¤os; Laguna; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; 1978; p11-40

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research Development; Los Ba¤os; Laguna




NO. 35129

Propagation of leaderstem cuttings of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Aycardo, H.M II
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1989; 50p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35131

Selection and propagation of black pepper


Almirante, B.A
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1954; 20p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35187

Trench method of blackpepper (Piper nigrum L.) production,its history, adoption,technological strength and weakness


Rubico, R.B
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1990; 105p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35251

Induction of leadershoots formation in single and multiple node leadershoots of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Tabinga, A.P
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1990; 69p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35252

Effect of napthalene acetic acid and gibberellic acid on spike shedding of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Tolentino, J.M
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1979; 30p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35329

Study on packing materials and transporting of evoted black pepper cuttings


Endriga, E.C
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1966; 33p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35343

Preliminary studies on the leaf culture of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Pelegrina, W.R
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1989; 72p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 63637

Pepper seeding
Pembibitan lada

Anonymous
Ambon Agricultural Information Service (04); 1990-1991

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63653

Processing of pepper yield
Pengolahan hasil lada

Anonymous
East Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service (022); 1987

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 35467

Establishing a coffee and black pepper farm in Libis,Tantangan,South Cotabato


Gonzalez, A.E
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1989; 78p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35468

Assessment of production technologies and income of smallholders blackpepper farms: Lipa City,Batangas


Mitra, M.S.N.S
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1990; 80p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35470

Study on packing materials and transporting of rooted black pepper cuttings


Endriga, E.C
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1966; 33p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35473

Preliminary study on the effect of alphanaphthaleneacetic acid on the rooting of black pepper cuttings


Macasaet, U.M
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1955; 15p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35474

The growth of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) as influenced by soil pH levels


Hernandez, E.R
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1988; 61p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35543

The NPK levels of black pepper leaves


Torres, D.O
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1972; 23p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35851

Identification of insect pests attacking black pepper,Piper nigrum (Linn.) in its vegetative stage


Ortiz, C.D
BSc thesis; Malabon; Metro Manila; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; 1979; viip; 39p

Availability :
Library; Gregorio Araneta University Foundation; Malabon; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 35930

Effects of different concentrations of alpha-napthaleneacetic acid and soil media on the germination and early growth of black pepper cuttings


Cabalquinto, M.P
BSc thesis; Pili; Camarines Sur State Agricultural College; 1982; ixp; 35p

Availability :
Library; Camarines Sur State Agricultural College; Pili; Philippines




NO. 36182

The rooting of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cutting as influenced by duration of soaking and chemical concentration of plant growth regulators


Avila, R.B
MSc thesis; Camarines Sur State Agricultural College; Pili; Camarines Sur; 1987; 50p

Availability :
Library; Camarines Sur State Agricultural College; Pili; Camarines Sur; Philippines




NO. 36193

Commodity system study of black pepper in Camarines Sur


Velasco, C.L
BSc thesis; Camarines Sur State Agricultural College; Pili; Camarines Sur; 1991; 34p

Availability :
Library; Camarines Sur State Agricultural College; Pili; Camarines Sur; Philippines




NO. 36428

Etiology of the yellowing and wilt disease of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Agregado-Zaragoza, B.A
PhD thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna; 1990; xivp; 95p

Availability :
Library; Department of Plant Pathology; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 36539

Pathogenecity and morphology of Stemphylium lycopersici (Enjoji)Yamamoto affecting foliage of tomato,pepper and eggplant in the Philippines


Opina, N.T.L
MSc thesis; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna; 1980; xiiip; 95p

Availability :
Library; Department of Plant Pathology; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 36745

Rooting capacity of the different stem cuttings of black pepper


Saturno, S.A
BSc thesis; Mu¤oz; Nueva Ecija; College of Agriculture (Horticulture); Central Luzon State University; 1978; 23p

Abstract:
The study was primarily designed to determine the rooting capacity of the different stem cuttings of black pepper and therefore find out the best cutting in producing them. Statistical analysis gathered from the experiment revealed that the different stem cuttings tested exhibited no significant differences in terms of number of roots, number of healthy roots, as well as on the average length of roots per cutting.

Availability :
Scientific Literature Services (SLS); RET; Central Luzon State University; Mu¤oz; Nueva Ecija; Philippines




NO. 63692

Maintening pepper stands
Pemeliharaan tanaman lada

Anonymous
Bengkulu Agricultural Information Service (38); 1987-1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 36798

Insecticidal activity of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) extracts


Javier, A.T; Rejesus, B.M
National Crop Protection Center; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; Laguna

NCPC [National Crop Protection Center] Research Abstracts 1978-1990; p18

Abstract:
The insecticidal activity of the black pepper extracts was determined against nine insect species belonging to four orders. Both the crude and the semi-purified extracts were tipically more toxic than malathion against diamondback moth larvae and adult houseflies. The toxicity of the semipurified extract to the test insect decreased as follows: housefly > cotton stainer > corn weevil > diamondback moth > black armyworm > red flour beetle > common cutworm > lesser grain borer, while their succeptibility to the crude extract decreased in the order: housefly > cotton stainer > corn weevil > diamondback moth > black armyworm > common cutworm > lesser grain borer > red flour beetle. Black pepper mixed with grain was more toxic than malathion against corn weevil as a residual contact and stomach poison. It also inhibited growth. If the grains were to be stored for two months, the use of ground form is preferable over the extracts.

Availability :
NCPC Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 68149

Study on the development of foot-rot disease of black pepper grown on soils from several locations
Kajian perkembangan penyakit busuk pangkal batang lada pada tanah dari beberapa lokasi

Kusriatmi
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1992; 65p

Abstract:
Foot-rot caused by Phytophthora palmivora (Butler) Butler is the most important disease on black pepper (Piper nigrum L.). Until now it is difficult to know the symptom of this disease. The causal organism infects all parts of plant, but the serious damage may result from an infection to the roots and basal part of the stems. Soil samples from Kali Soko, Tosari, Plumbungan, and Putat were used in this experiment to determine the relationship between the inoculum potential of P. palmivora and some selected abiotic factors of the soils to incidence and development of foot-rot on black pepper. The results showed that the higher of inoculum potential of P. palmivora gave an early symptom of foot-rot was faster then the other one. In plants grown in soils taken from Kali Soko which an average of 17,1569 propagules per gram of soils the symptom of the disease appeared on day 22-25. It was then followed by those of plants grown in soil sample of Plumbungan (with an average of 11,9049 propagules per gram of soil), Tosari (with an average of 3,1888 propagules per gram of soil), and Putat (with an average of 1,7105 per gram of soil) which appeared respectively on day 28-31, 35-42 and 41-49. The results of path analysis showed that infection rate was directly related to the amount of inoculum potential of P. palmivora and soil chemical properties, i.e. C/N ratio, soil pH, and soil organic matter. Soil moisture indirectly affected infection rate through soil organic matter and inoculum potential of pathogen. From the various factors being studied, the amount of inoculum potential of pathogen singled out as the major factor affecting foot-rot development. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 36888

Rooting and yield of black pepper as affected by different rooting media and different types of cuttings


Villapando, E.V
Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI); Malate; Manila; Philippines

Plant Industry Bulletin 1 (6): 1-4 (1986)

Availability :
Bureau of Plant Industry; Malate; Manila; Philippines




NO. 37589

Effects of shade and N fertilizer on leaf anatomical characteristics of black pepper (Piper nigrum L. cv. trioicum)


Anunciado, J.S; De Guzman, C.C; Reglos, R.A
Benguet State University; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines

The Philippine Journal of Science 14 (1): 25; 1989

Abstract:
The modification of leaf anatomy of black pepper (Piper nigrum L. cv. trioicum) in response to varying levels of shade and N fertilizer was determined. The overall thickness of cells per cross-section of a leaf increased wiyh increasing level of light intensity. THe contrast between the palisade mesophyll cells in leaves developed under extremes of light intensity was striking. Sun-grown leaves has one or two layers of narrow, elongated and well-developed palisade mesophyll cells while only one layer of short palisade cells was observed in shade-grown leaves. A high proportion of palisade to spongy mesophyll cells develop in 0% shade than in any of the shade levels.

Availability :
Highland Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium Library; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines




NO. 37590

Reproductive growth and development of black pepper (Piper nigrum L. cv. trioicum) under varying levels of shade and N fertilizer


Anunciado, I.S; De Guzman, C.C; Reglos, R.A
Benguet State University; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines

The Philippine Journal of Science 14 (1): 25; 1989

Abstract:
Rooted black pepper (piper nigrum L. cv. trioicum) leader stem cuttings were grown in pots and exposed to 0%, 25%, 50% and 75% shade and varying amounts of nitrogen fertilizer. Shading had an adverse effect on reproductive growth of black pepper. Extreme shade (75%) induced excessive vegetative growth of plants, hence, the flowering process was delayed. On the other hand, early flowering and consequently the production of large number of spikes occured in plants exposed to 25% shade gave the highest fruit set per spike, bigger pepper corms, highest piperine content and lowest spike abscission.

Availability :
Highland Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium Library; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines




NO. 38015

Performance of blackpepper as affected by different rooting media and type of cuttings


Villapando, E.V
The Southern Tagalog Agriculture Journal 11: 11-14 (1984)

Abstract:
Of the different types of blackpepper cutting used, the basal type rooted on coin dust medium gave the highest yield, 21.23 grams followed by medial and terminal with mean yield of 2.93 grams and 0, respectively. Basal cuttings have a highly significant difference in yield over median and terminal cuttings. On the effect of rooting media used, cuttings rooted on coin dust medium gave the highest yield of 25.56 grams followed by garden soil and river sand medium with mean yield of 77.86 and 0.73 grams, respectively. The difference in yield is highly significant among the rooting media used.

Availability :
Highland Agricultural Resources and Research Development Consortium; La Trinidad; Benguet; Philippines




NO. 38882

Yield performance of rejuvenated Bontoc pepper as affected by pruning and different levels of fertilization


Flores, A.Y
Ilocos Agricultural Research center (ILARC); Philippines

Agriculture Research Compendium (1971-1983); MMSU; Batac; Ilocos Norte; 1978; p108

Abstract:
The pruned and the unpruned plants were fertilized with the following levels of NPK: 0-0-0; 100-300-0, 200-300-100, 300-500-200, and 100-600-200 kg/ha. Plants exposed to 300-500-200 kg NPK/ha were significantly taller than those applied with 200-300-100 kg/ha. Although the pruned plants seemed to have more branches than the unpruned plants, the difference was not significant. The pruned plants significantly yielded higher than the unpruned ones.

Availability :
ILARC; Mariano Marcos State University; Batac; Ilocos Norte; Philippines




NO. 60106

Effect of the infestation of Radopholus similis Cobb.,Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood and Fusarium sp. on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and its correlation with yellow disease
Pengaruh serangan Radopholus similis Cobb.,Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood dan Fusarium sp. terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) dan hubungannya dengan penyakit kuning

Mustika, I
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Postgraduate Education; Gadjah Mada University; 1984; 93p

Availability :
Faculty of Postgraduate Education; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 60142

Effects of light intensity,length of cuttings and the application of rhizopon AA on the growth of pepper cuttings
Intensitas cahaya,panjang turus dan rhisopon AA pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada

Kermite, J.R
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Postgraduate Education; Gadjah Mada University; 1989; 125p

Availability :
Faculty of Postgraduate Education; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 60144

Activities of peroxidase and nitrate reductase of some pepper genotypes in two environmental conditions
Kegiatan peroksidase dan reduktase nitrat beberapa genotipe lada dalam dua lingkungan tumbuh

Rahayuningsih, S.P
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Postgraduate Education; Gadjah Mada University; 1988; 96p

Availability :
Faculty of Postgraduate Education; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 60391

Pssibility of sexual reproduction among Phytophthora palmivora isolated from pepper
Kemungkinan reproduksi seksual antar isolat Phytophthora palmivora yang berasal dari tanaman lada

Manohara, D; Shimanuki, T.Y; Sato, N; Omiki, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Kongres Nasional XI dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 11th National Congress and Scientific Seminar of the Indonesian Phytopathological Society]; Maros; Ujung Pandang; 1991; p66-68

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 60400

Response of different pepper cultivars to Phytophthora
Raksi beberapa varietas lada terhadap Phytophthora

Kasim, R
Lampung Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Sumatera; Indonesia

Prosiding Kongres Nasional XI dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 11th National Congress and Scientific Seminar of the Indonesian Phytopathological Society]; Maros; Ujung Pandang; 1991; p114-116

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 60470

Effect of concentration of coconut water and duration of soaking on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh konsentrasi dan lama perendaman air kelapa terhadap pertumbuhan stek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Viniswati, A
Thesis; Magelang; Faculty of Agriculture; Tidar University; 1990; 87p

Availability :
Tidar University; Magelang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 63679

Processing of pepper and its quality
Pengolahan dan mutu lada

Anonymous
North Sumatera Agricultural Information Service (03); 1988/1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 60501

Maintaining pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pemeliharaan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Hidayaturrohmah, S
Thesis; Magelang; Faculty of Agriculture; Tidar University; 1990; 36p

Availability :
Tidar University; Magelang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 60529

Vegetative propagation of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) through graftings
Pembiakan vegetatif dengan cara penyambungan pada tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Sukmosejati, S
Thesis; Magelang; Faculty of Agriculture; Tidar University; 1990; 23p

Availability :
Tidar University; Magelang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 60537

Effects of number of internodes and types of media on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh jumlah ruas dan macam media terhadap pertumbuhan stek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Indrodewo, B.W
Thesis; Magelang; Faculty of Agriculture; Tidar University; 1990; 93p

Availability :
Tidar University; Magelang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 60613

Growing pepper through cuttings or internodes
Bertanam lada menggunakan stek atau ruas

Anonymous
Buletin Informasi Pertanian, Central Kalimantan [Agricultural Information Bulletin, Central Kalimantan] (02): 1-2 (1989/1990)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60620

Analysing pepper farming system
Analisis usaha tani lada

Anonymous
Balai Informasi Pertanian, Kalimantan Timur [East Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service]; 1988; 26p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60627

Growth of pepper cuttings in water
Pertumbuhan stek lada dengan menggunakan air

Wiradarmata, N
Buletin Informasi Pertanian, Riau [Agricultural Information Bulletin, Riau] (02): 10-11 (1989/1990)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60633

Pepper cultivation
Budidaya lada

Anonymous
Balai Informasi Pertanian, Sulawesi Tengah [Central Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service]; 1987; 24p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60636

Guide to pepper planting
Pedoman bercocok tanam lada

Anonymous
Balai Informasi Pertanian, Sumatera Selatan [South Sumatra Agricultural Information Service]; 1985; 52p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60729

Pepper planting
Bercocok tanam lada

Anonymous
Yogyakarta; Yayasan Kanisius; 1980; 124p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60736

Pepper
Lada

Soemartono
Jakarta; Penerbit CV Yasaguna; 1908; 39p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60768

Guide to grow pepper
Pedoman bercocok tanam lada

Anonymous
Balai Informasi Pertanian, Tegineneng, Lampung [Lampung Agricultural Information]; (? year); 12p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61283

One-internode pepper cuttings
Bibit lada satu ruas

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; D.I. Aceh (10): (1986-1987)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 68301

Estimation of minimum acreage in the non-intensive and semi-intensive pepper farming
Pendugaan luas lahan minimal pada usaha tani lada tidak intensif dan semi intensif

Yuhono, J.T; Wahyudi, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (3): 24-28 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61215

Root rot disease of pepper
Penyakit busuk pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Padang (06A): (1990-1991)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61234

Pepper
Lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Timor Timur [East Timor] (3): (1987-1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61249

Post-harvest handling of pepper
Penanganan pasca panen lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Ciawi (58): (1986)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61258

Basal stem rot disease of pepper
Penyakit busuk pangkal batang pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Kalimantan Selatan [South Kalimantan] (26): (1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61272

Controlling basal rot disease of pepper
Pengendalian penyakit busuk pangkal batang lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Lampung (6): (1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61280

Post-harvest handling of pepper
Pasca panen lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Lampung (12): (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61294

Post-harvest handling of pepper
Penanganan pasca panen lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; D.I. Aceh (15): (1988-1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61316

Processing the pepper
Pengolahan lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Jambi (87): (1990-1991)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61380

Effect of several cover crops against the attack of nematode, Radopholus similis (Lobb) Thorne on pepper
Pengaruh beberapa tumbuhan penutup tanah terhadap serangan nematoda Radopholus similis (Lobb) Thorne pada tanaman lada

Suyadi
MS Thesis; Yogyakarta; Gadjah Mada University; 1988; 84p

Availability :
Faculty of Postgraduate Studies; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61396

Host range, attacking level and population fluctuation of pepper stem borer in Lampung
Kisaran inang, tingkat serangan dan fluktuasi populasi penggerek batang lada di Lampung

Suprapto
MS Thesis; Yogyakarta; Gadjah Mada University; 1986; 78p

Availability :
Faculty of Postgraduate Studies; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61639

Effects of different growth regulators and internode number on cutting growth of pepper (Piper ningrum L.)
Pengaruh macam zat pengatur tumbuh dan jumlah ruas terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Prayuni, W.B
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1989; 76p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61648

Effects of IBA concentrations and plant age on cutting growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh kadar IBA dan umur tanam terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Parwanningsih, S
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1990; 36p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61650

Effects of atonic and gandasil-D foliar fertilizer concentrations on growth of single internode pepper cuttings
Pengaruh konsentrasi atonik dan pupuk gandasil D terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada satu run

Mulyana, C
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1990; 53p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61651

Effects of IBA concentrations and internode number on growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings
Pengaruh konsentrasi IBA dan jumlah ruas terhadap pertumbuhan setek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Maulanadjaja
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1989; 43p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61659

Effects of storage duration and leaf pruning time on yield of two-bud pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh lama penyimpanan dan saat pemotongan daun terhadap keberhasilan setek lada (Piper nigrum L.) dua mata

Nugroho, P.I
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1989; 43p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61664

Effects of internode number and the shape of stem base on seedling growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh banyaknya ruas dan bentuk potongan pangkal setek terhadap pertumbuhan bibit lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Kusmaryono
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1989; 35p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61672

Effects of medium number and planting depth on sucker growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh jumlah media dan kedalaman tanam terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Lagiman
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1989; 42p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61680

Effects of rootone-F concentrations and internode sites on cutting growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh kadar rootone F dan letak ruas terhadap pertumbuhan setek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Dewanti, R
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1989; 35p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61690

Immersed treatment of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings in cow urine
Perlakuan perendaman setek lada (Piper nigrum L.) dalam urena sapi

Heryudanto, J
S1 Thesis; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia; 1989; 29p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61693

Effects of internode number and duration of immersion in atonic (a growth regulator) on growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh jumlah ruas dan lama perendaman dalam zat pengatur tumbuh atonik terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Hanurawan, I
S1 Thesis; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia; 1990; 48p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61706

Effects of IBA concentrations and fast immersion on cutting growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh kadar asam indol butirat (IBA) dan pencelupan cepat terhadap pertumbuhan stek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Dharma, E.S.B
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1989; 101p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61751

Effects of internode number and urea dosages on cutting growth rate of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh jumlah ruas setek dan dosis pupuk urea terhadap kecepatan pertumbuhan bibit lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Toberiharto, A
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1989; 38p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61754

Effects of IBA and internode number on cutting growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pengaruh IBA dan jumlah ruas terhadap pertumbuhan setek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Wijayanto, H.J
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1988; 44p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61761

Application of IBA growth regulator on cuttings of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Penggunaan zat pengatur tumbuh IBA pada stek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Soegiarto, R.E
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1984; 46p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61771

Effects of special mixture of NAA derivative, IBA (rootone-F) and node number on cutting growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh campuran khusus derivat NAA, IBA (rootone-F) dan jumlah nodia terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Wiranti, E.W
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1989; 40p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62213

Effect of applying black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) powder decoction on paracetamol hepatotoxicity of male rats
Pengaruh pemberian seduhan serbuk buah lada hitam (Piper nigrum L.) terhadap hepatotoksisitas parasetamol pada mencit jantan

Anonymous
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1988; 68p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62284

Growth of pepper cuttings from primary and secondary fruiting branches
Pertumbuhan bibit lada dari cabang buah primer dan sekunder

Suparman, U; Sopandi, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] Bogor XIV (1-2): 65-68 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62287

Biological responses of stem-borer on some black pepper cultivars
Respon biologi penggerek batang pada beberapa varietas lada

Suprapto
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] Bogor XIV (1-2): 50-54 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62293

Fluctuation of pepper flower pest (Diconoceris hewetti Dist.) population and its relation on flower damage, flowering season and rainfall at Bangka
Fluktuasi populasi hama bunga lada (Diconoceris hewetti Dist.) dan hubungannya dengan kerusakan bunga, musim pembungaan serta curah hujan di Bangka

Soetopo, D
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] Bogor XIV (1-2): 12-17 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62308

Cutting of single-internode-single-leaf of pepper
Stek lada satu ruas berdaun tunggal

Wahid, P
Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian Pasarminggu Jakarta [Pasarminggu Agricultural Research and Development News] 4 (6): 1-7 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62394

Pepper (Piper nigrum) planting
Bertanam lada (Piper nigrum)

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Leaflet/ North Sumatera Agricultural Information Service (LIPTAN.BIP) Sumatra Utara (3); 1987-1988

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 63725

Providing pepper cuttings
Pengadaan stek lada

Anonymous
North Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (136); 1990

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62396

Processing of pepper and its quality
Pengolahan dan mutu lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Leaflet/ North Sumatera Agricultural Information Service (LIPTAN.BIP) Sumatra Utara (3); 1988-1989

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62421

Control of lower stem decay desease in pepper
Pengendalian penyakit busuk pangkal batang pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Leaflet/South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (LIPTAN.BIP) Sulawesi Tenggara (6); 1989

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62424

Processing of pepper fruits
Pengolahan buah lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Leaflet/South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (LIPTAN.BIP) Sulawesi Tenggara (21); 1988-1989

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62440

Pepper propagation (cuttings of 7-internodes and 1-internode)
Perbanyakan lada (stek 7 ruas dan stek 1 ruas)

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Leaflet/Riau Agricultural Information Service (LIPTAN.BIP) Riau (23/L); 1987-1988

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62448

Pruning of pepper stands
Pemangkasan pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Leaflet/South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (LIPTAN.BIP) Sulawesi Tenggara (11); 1988

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62581

Role of Fusarium spp. (fungi) on cause of damage of pepper in Lampung
Peranan jamur Fusarium spp. dalam menimbulkan kerusakan pada tanaman lada di Lampung

Karim, R
Natar Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 2 (2): 60-64 (1987)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62582

Some indications of the possible effects of world economic changes on pepper demand
Beberapa indikasi kemungkinan dampak perubahan ekonomi dunia terhadap permintaan lada

Wahyudi, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 2 (2): 70-77 (1987)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62723

Current attitude of essential oil in Indonesia
Minyak atsiri di Indonesia dewasa ini

Somaatmadja, D
Bogor Chemical Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Komunikasi Balai Penelitian Kimia Bogor; Balai Penelitian Kimia Bogor [Communication of the Bogor Chemical Research Institute; Bogor Chemical Research Institute] (177): 1-38 (1975)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 62880

Pepper seeding of two-internode cuttings
Pembibitan lada panjang stek dua buku

Yani
Agricultural Information Bulletin; West Kalimantan (02): 19-20 (1987/1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 68302

Diversity and marketing prospect of black pepper in Lampung
Keragaman dan prospek pemasaran lada hitam di Lampung

Mauludi, B.L; Rosmeilisa, P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (3): 29-33 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63043

Pepper planting by using one-internode cuttings
Bertanam lada menggunakan stek satu ruas

Anonymous
Central Kalimantan Agricultural Information Bulletin (02): 1-2 (1989/1990)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 63085

Growth of pepper seedlings from primary and secondary fruit branches
Pertumbuhan bibit lada dari cabang buah primer dan sekunder

Suparman, U; Sopandi, A
Industrial Crops Research Bulletin; Bogor 16 (1-2): 65-68 (1988)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63096

Effect of some kinds of cuttings on root forming and growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in polyethylene bags
Pengaruh beberapa macam stek terhadap pembentukan akar dan pertumbuhan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) dalam kantong plastik

Ferita, I
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1986; p1-65

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63120

Effect of applying various mulches on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cv. Bulok Belantung
Pengaruh pemberian berbagai mulsa terhadap pertumbuhan bibit tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) varietas Bulok Belantung

Hanafi
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1989; p1-75

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63167

Effects of applying some growth substances on the growth of one- internode-one-leaf cuttings of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) in polyethylene bags
Pengaruh pemberian beberapa zat tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan stek satu ruas berdaun tunggal lada (Piper nigrum Linn.) di dalam kantong plastik

Yenni, H
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1986; p1-51

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63289

Controlling basal stem rot disease of pepper
Penanggulangan penyakit busuk pangkal batang lada

MST
East Kalimantan Agricultural Information Bulletin (01): 16-18 (1988/1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 63528

Pepper cultivation
Budidaya lada

Sarjana, A
East Java Agricultural Information Service; 1989; p1-38

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63548

Stemrot disease (Phytopthora palmivora) control in pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengendalian penyakit busuk pangkal batang pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (6): 1-2 (1989)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63557

Pepper seeding of two node cuttings (one internode)
Pembibitan lada panjang stek dua buku (satu ruas)

Fardah, H
Banjar Baru Agricultural Information Service (3): 4-5 (1983/1984)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63564

Introducing pests and diseases of pepper
Mengenal hama dan penyakit tanaman lada

Muljani, M
East Java Agricultural Information Bulletin (2): 17-19 (1990)

Availability :
Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63566

Pepper propagation
Pembiakan tanaman lada

Wirawan, G.N
East Java Agricultural Information Bulletin (2): 10-11 (1988)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63595

Yellow disease of pepper
Penyakit kuning pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
Central Kalimantan Agricultural Information Leaflet (021): 1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63596

Fertilizing pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pemupukan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Anonymous
East Kalimantan Agricultural Information Leaflet (078): 1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63597

Yield collection and post-harvest handling of pepper
Pemungutan hasil dan pasca panen lada

Anonymous
North Sulawesi Agricultural Information Leaflet

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63707

Pepper fertilization
Pemupukan tanaman lada

Anonymous
East Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service (078); 1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 66113

Processing of pepper yield
Pengolahan hasil lada

Anonymous
Ambon Agricultural Information Service 22: ?p (1987)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66118

Fertilizing pepper stands
Pemupukan tanaman lada

Anonymous
Ambon Agricultural Information Service 78: ?p (1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 63600

Post-harvest handling of pepper
Penanganan pasca panen lada

Anonymous
Central Kalimantan Agricultural Information Leaflet (11): 1990

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63601

Control of basal stem rot disease of pepper
Pengendalian penyakit busuk pangkal batang lada

Anonymous
Padang Agricultural Information Leaflet (011); 1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63602

Pepper
Lada

Anonymous
East Timor Agricultural Information Leaflet (4); 1987-1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63603

Guide to pepper planting
Petunjuk menanam lada

Anonymous
Bengkulu Agricultural Information Leaflet (09); 1989-1990

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63612

Processing of white and black peppers
Pengolahan lada putih dan lada hitam

Anonymous
Bengkulu Agricultural Information Service (10); 1990

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63616

Pruning of pepper stands
Pemangkasan pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (11); 1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63626

Pepper planting using seven internode cuttings
Bertanam lada stek tujuh ruas

Anonymous
East Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service (006); 1986

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63627

Pepper propagation through single internode cuttings
Perbanyakan tanaman lada melalui stek satu ruas

Anonymous
East Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service (021); 1987

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63629

Cultivating techniques of pepper
Teknik membudidayakan lada

Anonymous
Bali Agricultural Information Service (12); 1991

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63640

Pepper seeding through cuttings
Pembibitan tanaman lada dengan stek

Anonymous
Ungaran Agricultural Information Service (009); 1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63648

Pruning of pepper and "tajar"
Pemangkasan tanaman lada dan tajar

Anonymous
Padang Agricultural Information Service (4); 1990-1991

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63656

Basal stem rot disease of pepper
Penyakit busuk pangkal batang pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
West Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service (23); 1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63678

Fertilizing pepper stands
Pemupukan pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
South Sumatera Agricultural Information Service (09); 1989-1990

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63683

Harvesting and processing of pepper
Panen dan pengolahan lada

Anonymous
Central Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (08); 1990

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63689

Cultivation techniques of pepper
Tehnik membudidayakan lada

Anonymous
Bali Agricultural Information Service (12); 1991

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63694

Propagation of pepper through single internode-single leaf cuttings
Perbanyakan tanaman lada melalui stek satu ruas berdaun tunggal

Anonymous
Bengkulu Agricultural Information Service (37); 1987-1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63701

Pepper seeding
Pembibitan lada

Anonymous
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service (08); 1988-1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63703

Pepper planting
Bertanam lada

Anonymous
Jambi Agricultural Information Service (17); 1988-1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63710

Yellow disease of pepper
Penyakit kuning pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
West Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service (02); 1987

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63711

Seeding of two node pepper cuttings
Pembibitan stek lada dua buku

Anonymous
West Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service (03); 1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63722

Propagation of pepper using seven internode and single internode cuttings
Perbanyakan lada (stek tujuh ruas dan stek satu ruas)

Anonymous
Riau Agricultural Information Service (23); 1987-1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 64304

Study in utilizing pepper petiols in Lampung district
Penelitian pemanfaatan tangkai lada di daerah Lampung

Anonymous
Laporan Proyek Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri Tanjung Karang [Project Report of the Tanjung Karang Research and Development for Industry]; Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri (1988/1989); 33p

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 64318

Antagonist test of Microbia rizosphere on pepper against Phytophthora palmivora
Uji antagonisme Microbia rizosfer pada tanaman lada terhadap Phytophthora palmifora

Yuliani, T.S
Faculty of Post Graduate; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S2 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Post Graduate; Gadjah Mada University; 1988; 68p

Availability :
Library of Faculty of Post Graduate; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 64465

Seed germination of four pepper cultivars in different soil water contents
Perkecambahan benih empat varitas lada pada kadar air tanah yang berbeda

Yufdi, M.P; Sunarti, T
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 2 (1): 17-22 (1987)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 68305

Development of a pepper peeling tool (disc type) with pedal system and its economic analysis
Pengembangan alat pengupas lada (Tipe piringan) dengan sistem pedal dan analisis ekonominya

Rispaheri; Hidayat, T; Laksmanahardja, M.P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (3): 47-54 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 64994

Effort in increasing pepper yield in South-East Sulawesi areas
Usaha meningkatkan produktifitas tanaman lada di daerah Sulawesi Tenggara

Anonymous
South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Bulletin 2 (09): 7-8 (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 65016

Some approaches problem solving of yield and lower stem decay disease of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Beberapa pendekatan untuk menanggulangi masalah produksi dan busuk pangkal batang tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Zaubin, R; Pujiharti, Y; Yufdi, M.P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Proceedings of the Seminar on Research of Spices and Medicinal Crops]; Natar; 7-13 (1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65017

Water relations and liming of pepper in the potential lands of tidal zone
Tata air dan pengapuran tanaman lada di lahan potensial pasang surut

Dhalimi, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri, Buku IIIB, Lada [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops, the 3rd Book, Pepper]; Caringin; Bogor July 25-27, 1989; p569-577

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65018

Grafting as an alternative problem solving in yield and basal stem decay disease of pepper (Piper nigrum)
Penyambungan (grafting) sebagai alternatif untuk penanggulangan masalah produksi dan penyakit busuk pangkal batang tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Zaubin, R
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri, Buku IIIB, Lada [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops, the 3rd Book, Pepper]; Caringin; Bogor July 25-27, 1989; p548-552

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65559

One-internode-unifoliate pepper cuttings
Stek lada satu ruas berdaun tunggal

Wahid, P
Warta Litbang Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News] 4 (6): (1982)

Availability :
Manggala Wanabakti; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 65019

Alternative strategy in developping pepper
Strategi alternatif pengembangan tanaman lada

Yufdy, M.P; Wahid, P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri, Buku IIIB, Lada [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops, the 3rd Book, Pepper]; Caringin; Bogor July 25-27, 1989; p537-547

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65020

Strategy and programme of developing pepper
Strategi dan program pengembangan lada

Anonymous
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri, Buku IIIB, Lada [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops, the 3rd Book, Pepper]; Caringin; Bogor July 25-27, 1989; p527-536

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65021

Result of the research and development in pepper
Hasil penelitian dan pengembangan tanaman lada

Wahid, P; Soetopo, D
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri, Buku IIIB, Lada [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops, the 3rd Book, Pepper]; Caringin; Bogor July 25-27, 1989; p515-526

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65022

Role of organic matter on the attempt of controlling basal stem rot disease
Peranan bahan organik dalam upaya penanggulangan penyakit busuk pangkal batang

Kasim, R
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri, Buku IIIB, Lada [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops, the 3rd Book, Pepper]; Caringin; Bogor July 25-27, 1989; p578-585

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65023

Processing technique of white pepper by using a pepper fruit peeler machine
Teknik pengolahan lada putih dengan alat pengupas kulit buah lada

Laksmanahardja, M.P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri, Buku IIIB, Lada [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops, the 3rd Book, Pepper]; Caringin; Bogor July 25-27, 1989; p592-600

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65024

Identification and introduction of four main pepper cultivars
Identifikasi dan pengenalan empat varietas utama tanaman lada

Hamid, A; Rahayuningsih, S.T.A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri, Buku IIIB, Lada [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops, the 3rd Book, Pepper]; Caringin; Bogor July 25-27, 1989; p586-591

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65025

Problem of climbing poles in pepper cultivation
Masalah tiang panjat dalam pembudidayaan tanaman lada

Wahid, P; Yufdy, P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri, Buku IIIB, Lada [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops, the 3rd Book, Pepper]; Caringin; Bogor July 25-27, 1989; p560-568

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65026

Possibilities of developing pepper by using fruit branch cuttings
Kemungkinan pengembangan lada dengan setek cabang buah

Yufdi, M.P; Pujiharti, Y
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri, Buku IIIB, Lada [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops, the 3rd Book, Pepper]; Caringin; Bogor July 25-27, 1989; p553-559

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65096

Pepper, traditional commodity and its development which needs quality improvement
Lada, komoditi tradisional dan pengembangannya yang menuntut perbaikan mutu

Anonymous
Lampung Agricultural Information Bulletin (05): 20-22 (1984/1985)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 68309

Preliminary study on the processing of green pepper
Studi pendahuluan pembuatan lada hijau

Risfaheri; Laksmanahardja, M.P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (4): 17-21 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65118

Effect of soil humidity on the seedling growth of four pepper cultivars
Pengaruh kelengasan tanah terhadap pertumbuhan bibit empat varietas lada

Suparman, U; Yufdy, M.P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] 15 (2): 69-74 (1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65126

Resistant test of pepper cultivars against Phytopthora planivora
Uji resistansi varitas lada terhadap Phytopthora planivora in vitro

Sitepu, D; Prayitno
Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (35): 15-21 (1979)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65129

Responses of six pepper cultivars grown from seeds against Phytopthora capsici
Reaksi enam varietas lada asal biji terhadap cendawan Phytopthora capsici

Kasim, R; Prayitno, S
Tanjungkarang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (36): 29-33 (1980)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65131

Study on the isolate of Phytopthora in pepper native of Lampung and Bangka
Penelitian isolat Phytopthora lada asal Lampung dan Bangka

Kasim, R; Prayitno
Tanjungkarang Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (37): 72-80 (1980)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65133

Study on the number of Meloydogyne incognita populations and soil pH on pepper stands in Bangka
Penelitian jumlah populasi Meloydogyne incognita dan pH tanah pada tanaman lada di Bangka

Mustika, J
Bangka Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Sumatera; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (35): 62-71 (1979)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65207

Effects of internode number and IAA concentrations on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings
Pengaruh jumlah ruas dan konsentrasi IAA terhadap setek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Toyib
S1 thesis; Purwokerto; Faculty of Agriculture; Djendral Soedirman University; 1990; 58p

Availability :
Library of Djendral Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 65463

Pepper, the primadonna of Bangka
Lada primadona dari Bangka

Irawan, G
Suara Alam [Voice of Nature] 87: 38-39 (1990)

Availability :
Manggala Wanabakti Library; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 68320

Protoplast isolation methods of pepper cv. Lampung Daun Lebar
Metode isolasi protoplast lada varietas Lampung Daun Lebar

Mariska, I; Sukmadjaja, D; Gati, E; Husni, A
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (5): 9-13 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65625

Efficacy test of aliette 80 WP and difolatan 4F fungicides against basal stem rot disease (Phytophtora palmifora Butler var. Piperis) on pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in Bangka island
Pengujian efikasi fungisida aliette 80WP dan difolatan 4F terhadap penyakit busuk pangkal batang (Phytophtora palmifora Butler var.Piperis) pada tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) di pulau Bangka

Supriyono
Thesis; Purwokerto; Faculty of Agriculture; Jendral Soedirman University; 1987; 119p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65632

Host range, attack level and population fluctuation of pepper stem borer (Lophobaris piperis Marsh) in Lampung
Kisaran inang, tingkat serangan dan fluktuasi populasi penggerek batang lada (Lophobaris piperis Marsh) di Lampung

Suprapto
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Postgraduate; Gadjah Mada University; 1986; 79p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65697

Seeding of two-node pepper cuttings
Pembibitan stek lada 2 buku

Anonymous
West Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service; West Kalimantan; Indonesia

Liptan BIP; Kalimantan Barat [Agricultural Information Leaflet; West Kalimantan] (03): ?p (1988)

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; PO Box 13; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 65698

Pepper planting using 7-internode cuttings
Bertanam lada stek 7 ruas

Anonymous
East Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service; East Kalimantan; Indonesia

Liptan BIP; Kalimantan Timur [Agricultural Information Leaflet; East Kalimantan] (006): ?p (1986)

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; PO Box 13; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 65719

Fluctuation of pepper bug (Basynus piperischina) population in Bangka
Fluktuasi dari populasi lada bug (Basynus piperischina) di Bangka

Deciyanto, S
Industrial Crops Research Journal 3 (2): 27-30 (1990)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65730

Equation model of moisture contents on desorption equilibrium of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Model persamaan kadar air keseimbangan desorpsi lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Sukardi, T; Syarief, A.M
Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Keteknikan Pertanian [Agricultural Techniques] 8 (1): 42-49 (1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65774

Development and cultivation of pepper and improving the quality and its yield diversification
Pengembangan dan budidaya lada serta peningkatan mutu dan diversifikasi hasilnya

Soetopo, D; Rusli, K; Pasril, W; Wahyudi, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor & Natar Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Natar; Indonesia

Prosiding Temu Tugas Perkebunan/Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Duty Meeting of Estate/Industrial Crops] Lingkup Propinsi Sumatra Barat; Riau dan Jambi; Balittro; Puslitbangtri; Kanwil Deptan. dan Disbun Sumbar Riau dan Jambi; Bukit Tinggi; 15-17 January 1990; p226-286

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65811

Biological response of the 'gegaja ' pest (Lophobaris serratipes Marsh) in several pepper cultivars
Respon biologi hama gegaja (Lophobaris serratipes Marsh) terhadap beberapa varietas lada

Suprapto
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 99-103 (1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65813

Effect of Macrotermes gilvus (Hagen) termite attack on the mounds and on the growth of pepper
Pengaruh serangan rayap Macrotermes gilvus (Hagen) pada gulu dan terhadap tanaman lada

Suprapto
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 87-93 (1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65908

Market chances and developmental potency of essential oil in Indonesia
Peluang pasar dan potensi pengembangan minyak atsiri Indonesia

Kemala, S; Indrawanto, C; Mauludi, L
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition of Spices and Medicinal Crops Research] 6 (1): 5-8 (1990)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68321

Selection of dosage of gamma (Cobalt-60) and its application on pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seedlings
Pemilihan dosis gamma (Cobalt-60) dan penggunaannya pada bibit lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Rahayuningsih, St.A; Hamid, A; Hendratno
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (5): 14-18 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65939

Biological reponses of stem borers against several pepper cultivars
Respon biologi penggerek batang pada beberapa varietas lada

Suprapto
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 14 (1-2): 50-54 (1988)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65940

Growth of black pepper cuttings from primary and secondary fruiting branches
Pertumbuhan bibit lada, dari cabang buah primer dan sekunder

Suparman, U; Sopandi, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 14 (1-2): 65-68 (1988)

Availability :
Bogor Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Indonesia




NO. 65943

Population fluctuation of pepper flower pest (Diconoceris hewetti Dist.) and its relation to flower damage, flowering season and rainfall in Bangka
Fluktuasi populasi hama bunga lada (Diconoceris hewetti Dist.) dan hubungannya dengan kerusakan bunga, musim pembungaan serta curah hujan di Bangka

Soetopo, D
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 14 (1-2): 12-17 (1988)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66020

Pepper seeding
Pembibitan lada

Anonymous
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service 8: ?p (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66025

Pepper seeding using one-internode cuttings
Pembibitan lada dengan stek satu ruas

Anonymous
Central Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service 4: ?p (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66027

Yellow disease of pepper
Penyakit kuning pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
Central Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service 21: ?p (1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66028

Controlling basal stem rot disease of pepper
Pengendalian penyakit busuk pangkal batang lada

Anonymous
Central Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service 11: ?p (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66036

Pepper seeding using two-internode cuttings
Pembibitan stek lada dua buku

Anonymous
West Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service 3: ?p (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66194

Processing of pepper
Pengolahan lada

Anonymous
Ungaran Agricultural Information Service 26: ?p (1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66038

Fruitsucking pest, Dasynus piperis china of pepper
Hama penghisap buah Dasynus piperis china pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
West Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service 11: ?p (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66039

Yellow disease of pepper
Penyakit kuning pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
West Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service 2: ?p (1987)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66058

Supply of pepper seedlings
Penyediaan bibit tanaman lada

Anonymous
Central Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service 3: ?p (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66067

Pepper
Lada

Anonymous
North Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service 93: ?p (1989-1990)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66082

Supply of pepper cuttings
Pengadaan stek lada

Anonymous
North Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service 136: ?p (1990)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66085

Propagating pepper through one-internode cuttings with single leaf
Perbanyakan tanaman lada melalui stek satu ruas berdaun tunggal

Makruf, E
Bengkulu Agricultural Information Service (?no): ?p (?y)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66086

Maintening pepper stands
Pemeliharaan tanaman lada

Makruf, E
Bengkulu Agricultural Information Service 38: ?p (1987-1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66108

Planting of seven-internode cuttings of pepper
Bertanam lada stek tujuh ruas

Anonymous
Ambon Agricultural Information Service 6: ?p (1986)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66112

Propagating pepper through one-internode cuttings
Perbanyakan tanaman lada melalui stek satu ruas

Anonymous
Ambon Agricultural Information Service 21: ?p (1987)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66117

Identification and control of basal stem rot disease of pepper
Pengenalan dan penanggulangan penyakit busuk pangkal batang pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
Ambon Agricultural Information Service 73: ?p (1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66140

Seeding of pepper through cuttings
Pembibitan lada dengan stek

Anonymous
Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service 8: ?p (1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66152

Pepper planting
Menanam lada

Anonymous
Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service 4 (12): ?p (1981)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66169

Fertilizing pepper
Pemupukan pada tanaman lada

Anonymous
South Sumatera Agricultural Information Service 10: ?p (1988-1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66174

Guide to the processing of white pepper
Petunjuk cara pembuatan lada putih

Anonymous
South Sumatera Agricultural Information Service 5 (1): ?p (1985)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66193

Seeding of pepper through cuttings
Pembibitan tanaman lada dengan stek

Anonymous
Ungaran Agricultural Information Service 23: ?p (1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 68322

Utilization of cow urines on pepper cuttings
Pemanfaatan urine sapi pada setek lada

Dwiwarni, I
Natar Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (5): 19-21 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66381

Rooting of black pepper plagiotropic cutting after treated with sucrose and IBA (Indole Butyric Acid)


Zaubin, R; Sunarti, T; Murni, A.M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 1 (1): 1-4 (1992)

Abstract:
To improve the rooting of black pepper cuttings taken from plagiotropic stems, an experiment was conducted at the greenhouse of Sub-Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops-Natar, from October 14, 1989 to December 16, 1989. The cuttings were about 15 cm long with three leaves, and taken from a 1.5 year-old mother plant of Belantung variety. Two major treatments were applied, 1) soaking in sucrose and/or IBA, and 2) soaking period. Results showed that the interaction effect of sucrose+IBA significantly improved the number of cuttings survival and root density, but had no significant effect on the other parameters. Overall, the treatment of 4% sucrose + 2% IBA for 2 hours soaking period gave the best result, followed by 2% sucrose and 4% sucrose for 4 and 2 hour soaking periods, respectively.

Availability :
Scientific Documentation and Information Centre - The Indonesian Institute of Sciences; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 66393

Preliminary study on mycorhiza in black pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Penelitian pendahuluan mikoriza pada tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Hasanah; Pujiharti, Y; Sukma, B.R.A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin 7 (1): 23-26 (1992)

Abstract:
Preliminary study on mycorhiza in black pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) have been conducted at the Experimental Garden of the Sub-Station Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Natar, Lampung from February until December 1990. This study was done by observing the population and formation of mycorhiza spores on black pepper root in the field. The results showed that there were spores with different colour, i.e. black, white, orange, yellow and brown. The dominant number and type of spores were different to each plant. It appeared that on the roots of black pepper both in the field and in the green house, natural infection were occured. Inoculation with redish brown spores in unsteriled soils may reduced pathogen infection, and increased fresh and dry weight of roots of the plants. Two groups of mycorhiza, i.e. endo- and ectomycorhiza were found concomitenly. The results indicated that in plants infected by pathogen, the number of spores were lower than that of healthy ones.

Availability :
Scientific Documentation and Information Centre - The Indonesian Institute of Sciences; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 66532

Effects of wounding and applying of H2SO4 and IBA on the rooting of plagiotropic pepper cuttings
Pengaruh perlukaan dan pemberian H2SO4 serta IBA terhadap pertumbuhan akar setek cabang buah lada

Zaubin, Robber; Sunarti, Tri; Setiabudi, Tatang
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 7 (1): 10-14 (1992)

Abstract:
With the aim of improving rooting ability of black pepper plagiotropic cuttings, a trial was conducted at the lathhouse of the Sub- Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Natar from June 14th until August 14th, 1990. Cuttings of 20 cm long, with 3 leaves, were taken from 1.5 years old mother plants of the cv. Belantung. The treatment tested were: A. Elimination of mechanical barrier, comprises of 1) without treatment, 2) removing longitudinally 1/3 of the internode, 3) wounding (oblique) the internode bast 1/2 cm long, 4) soaking in 2% H2SO4 for 30 minutes, 5) soaking in 2% H2SO4 for 60 minutes, and B. IBA concentrations, such as a) (2% IBA + 4% sucrose), b) (3% IBA + 4% sucrose), and c) (4% IBA + 4% sucrose). A. randomized block design was used, factorially, with 3 replications and 10 cuttings for each treatment. The environmental conditions were 70% relative humidity, with a max/min temperature of 33 oC/21 oC. A mixture of top soil, cow mature and sand, with a ratio of 2:1:1 (V/V) were used for the medium. During the experiment, the cuttings were covered with a blue plastic sheet. Parameters taken were number of growing cuttings, number and length of primary roots, number of primary roots on the node, internode, and basal part, dry weight of roots, and the root density. The results showed that wounding (oblique) the internode bast, soaking in 2% H2SO4 for 60 seconds and 30 seconds were the best treatments. There is an indication that 2% IBA + 4% sucrose was optimal for the rooting of plagiotropic cuttings. No significant interaction of treatments were observed on rooting ability of the cuttings.

Availability :
Scientific Documentation and Information Centre - The Indonesian Institute of Sciences; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 66534

Toxicity of fruit powder of black pepper cvs. Jambi and LDL against Araecerus fasciculatus (De Geer)
Toksisitas bubuk buah lada varietas Jambi dan LDL terhadap Araecerus fasciculatus (De Geer)

Soeprapto
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 7 (1): 19-22 (1992)

Abstract:
Toxicity of Jambi and LDL black pepper cultivars to Araecerus fasciculatus (De Geer) was studied at the Natar Sub-Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops in 1991. In the experiment, a residual film application was used with 3 replications. The result showed that all tested varieties were toxic to A. fasciculatus, and that Jambi variety was more toxic than that of LDL. The LC 50 of Jambi and LDL were 3 998.21 and 8 005.38 ppm, respectively.

Availability :
Scientific Documentation and Information Centre - The Indonesian Institute of Sciences; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 66537

Several advantages of using single-node cuttings of black pepper in the fields
Beberapa keuntungan penggunaan bibit lada asal stek satu ruas

Suparman, U; Sopandi, Ade; Burhan, Acep
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 7 (1): 5-9 (1992)

Abstract:
An experiment investigating the advantages of various types of planting materials of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) was carried out at the Cahaya Negeri Experimental Garden (North Lampung). Four types of planting materials, i.e. 1) planting materials derived from single-node cuttings, 2) seven-node cuttings of the climbing shoots, 3) seven-node cuttings of the stolons, and 4) seven-node cuttings of hanging shoots were compared. Single-node cuttings were prepared in the nursery prior to the transplanting in the fields. While the seven-node cuttings were direct transplanted. Each treatment consisted of 21 vines with 4 replicates. The treatments were arranged in a randomized block design. Results showed that 13 months after planting, planting materials derived from single-node cuttings have a lower replanting percentage (19.05%) as compared to the seven-node cuttings of the climbing shoots, stolons, and hanging shoots which were replanted 73.81, 83.33 and 98.81%, respectively. Accordingly, single-node cuttings needs 4.25 replanting materials, seven-node cuttings of climbing shoots need 34, seven nodes cuttings of stolons need 40.75 and seven-node cuttings of hanging shoots need 54 replanting materials. The average height of vines growth by using single-node cuttings was 124.57 cm, while the average height of the seven-node cuttings of the climbing shoots, stolons, and hanging shoots were 35.76 cm, 36,51 cm, and 23.47 cm, respectively. Furthermore after 13 months, 25% of vines from the single-node cuttings were bearing flowers, while the others did not at all. In term of total cost planting materials of each treatment, single-node cuttings were more expensive then the seven-node cuttings of the stolons and the hanging shoots, but it was not significantly different with the seven-node cuttings of the climbing shoots.

Availability :
Scientific Documentation and Information Centre - The Indonesian Institute of Sciences; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 66726

Sustainable cropping system: an approach for pepper improvement in Lampung


Yufdy, M.P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Industrial Crops Research Journal 5 (1): 11-17 (1992)

Abstract:
The share of Lampung on total Indonesian pepper production has declined in recent years. Poor crop management, as well as disease and pest problems, contribute to low production and productivity. Another factor is price fluctuation which may reduce the returns obtained by the farmers. However, the contribution of Lampung to national pepper productions remains important as the area is one of the main producers of black pepper in Indonesia. In the international market, black pepper from Lampung is well known for its distinctive quality. There is also potential for increasing production through expanding pepper area to those suitable for this crop. To support the existing government improvement programmes, it is suggested that efforts to improve production should emphasize the development and extension of sustainable cropping systems. Components would include planting the high yielding and pest and disease resistant cultivars in intercropping, alley farming and homegardens. The aim being not only to increase pepper production and productivity but also to stabilize production and enable farmers to escape from the constraints imposed by their limited resources by adopting low-input farming systems.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66728

Morphological and physiological observation on the Phytophthora isolates from black pepper


Manohara, D; Sato, N
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Industrial Crops Research Journal 4 (2): 14-19 (1992)

Abstract:
The experiment examining the morphological and physiological aspects of 43 Phytophthora isolates from black pepper in Indonesia was conducted at Hokkaido National Agricultural Experiment Station, Sapporo, Japan. Four kinds of media used were Potato Dextrose Agar, Corn Meal Agar, Oat Meal Agar and Carrot Agar for observing the morphology of colony. Modified method of Katsura et al. (1978) was used for producing sporangia. Mating type of each isolate was identified by mating it with each of known A1 and A2 of P. capsici and P. infestans. The results showed that 42 isolates had ellipsoid sporangia, markedly papillate, tapered at the base, caducous with long pedicel. One isolate from West Kalimantan had spherical sporangia, with markedly papillate, caducous with or without pedicel. All isolates were heterothalic, sexual reproduction was produced when it was paired with the mating isolate. Two kinds of mating type Phytophthora A1 and A2, were found from 43 isolates.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66731

Effect of Meloidogyne incognita and Fusarium solani on black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Mustika, I
Industrial Crops Research Journal 4 (2): 7-13 (1992)

Abstract:
Single node cuttings of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cv. Kuching were inoculated with Meloidogyne incognita alone and in combination with Fusarium solani. Two combinations of inoculation of M. incognita and F. solani were examined, i.e. simultaneous inoculation and M. incognita inoculated two weeks before F. solani. Soil moisture was at field capacity, and mineral nutrition was not limiting. Plants inoculated with M. incognita and F. solani either alone or in combination, did not provoke symptoms of yellow disease. Wilting and dying of plants occured earlier when they were inoculated with both M. incognita and F. solani, compared to inoculation with F. solani alone. The population of M. incognita was reduced when F. solani was also present.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66734

Interactions of Radopholus similis with Fusarium solani on black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Mustika, I
Industrial Crops Research Journal 5 (1): 1-10 (1992)

Abstract:
Single or combination effect of Radopholus similis and Fusarium solani have been studied on black pepper cv. Kalluvalli. Radopholus similis significantly reduced plant height, number of nodes, length of nodes, number of leaves, leaf area, shoot and root weight. Fusarium solani also caused such reductions, but to a lesser extent than did R. similis. Both combination of R. similis and F. solani caused the same symptoms. Inoculation of R. similis two weeks before the fungus had no additional effect. Radopholus similis alone caused growth reduction and yellow leaves with a stiff droop, but the damage was more obvious when R. similis acted together with F. solani. The females of R. similis penetrated the roots one day after inoculation, and deposited eggs inside the roots within five days. Two weeks after inoculation, females and juveniles of R. similis were found to colonize the roots, and distinct necrotic tissues were observed. One month after inoculation, R. similis had destroyed vascular tissues. Obstruction of xylem vessels with "gum like subtances" was also found in response to infection by R. similis.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66943

Effect of culture filtrate of Fusarium solani on hatching of Meloidogyne incognita and Radopholus similis at two different temperatures


Mustika, I
Wageningen Agricultural University; the Netherlands

Industrial Crops Research Journal 5 (2): 13-16 (1993)

Abstract:
The effect of a culture filtrate of Fusarium solani on hatching of Meloidogyne incognita and Radopholus similis at 20 oC and 25 oC was compared with hatching of both species in water at these temperatures. After an incubation of 15 days in a culture filtrate of F. solani hatching of M. incognita was inhibited by 95% at 20 oC and 87% at 25 oC, as compared with the hatching in water at these temperatures. The hatching of R. similis in this culture filtrate was inhibited only by 5% at 20 oC and 7% at 25 oC. Meloidogyne incognita and R. similis hatched best in water at a temperature of 25 oC. This result showed that F. solani had a deleterious effect on both M. incognita and R. similis. This effect may be used for the control of nematodes by using non pathogenic race of Fusarium spp.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68341

Pepper breeding
Pemuliaan tanaman lada

Hamid, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (9): 5-11 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 67315

Engineering of a pepper huller using pedal movement
Rancang bangun alat perontok lada dengan penggerak pedal

Laksamanahardja, P; Risfaheri; Hidayat, T
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News] 15 (5): 9-10 (1993)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 67359

Black pepper
Lada

Nuryani, Y; Asnawi, R; Rukmana, D
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Perkembangan Penelitian Plasma Nuftah Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Development of Research in Spices and Medicinal Crops Germplasms] 8 (2): 16-25 (1992)

Abstract:
Black pepper is believed to have been originated from India. There are about 40 varieties known in Indonesia and have been widely cultivated in all provinces of Indonesia; some of which are not yet cultivated. Bangka, Lampung and West Kalimantan are known as the black pepper production centres. Several varieties can be distinguished easily based on morphological characters. Besides there are differences in physico-chemical properties, resistance to diseases and yield performance.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 67414

Analysis of the bargaining response of white pepper in Indonesia
Analisis respon penawaran lada putih di Indonesia

Sitorus, D.T; Mauludi, L
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 7 (2): 1-5 (1992)

Abstract:
A study on the response of white pepper supply in Indonesia was carried out by using a time series data from 1970 to 1990. The district of Bangka was used as a case study. Multiple regression analysis and the ordinary least squares (OLS) estimation was used in this study. The purposes of the study were to analyze the response of white pepper supply on price changes via estimation of short and long run elasticities. The response from white pepper acreage was used as proxy of supply response. The result from regression analysis showed that the change in prices of white pepper and fertilizer had significant influence on acreage response, while the price change in rubber price was not. The short run acreage elasticity on the prices of white pepper, rubber and fertilizer are 0.20; 0.05; 0.04, respectively. While in the long run are 0.52; 0.13 and 0.10, respectively. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 67422

Effect of water stress on the adaptability of six cultivars of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh cekaman air terhadap daya adaptasi enam varietas lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Zanbin, R; Murni, A.M; Ernawati, Rr.
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 7 (2): 16-20 (1992)

Abstract:
With the aim at studying the adaptability of six black pepper cultivars to water stress, a pot experiment was conducted at the lath-house of the Natar Sub-Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, from June 12, 1989 to October 10, 1989. The treatments were six black pepper cultivars, namely Belantung, Kerinci, Lampung Daun Lebar, Lampung Daun Kecil, Jambi, and Kalluvally, and the three levels of soil water content, i.e. 45, 60 and 67% of field capacity. A Randomized Block Design was used arranged factorially, with two replicates and six vines per treatment. Parameters measured were number of nodes, branches, leaves, root and shoot weight, root/shoot ratio, relative growth rate, and relative water content. Results of the experiment showed that all black pepper cultivars already suffered at 60% of the field capacity and undergo heavy stress at 45% of the field capacity. The interaction effects between pepper cultivars and levels of soil water content on all parameters were not significantly different. However, indications showed that the adaptability of cultivars to water stress conditions were in the order of cvs. Jambi, Kerinci, Belantung, Lampung Daun Kecil, Lampung Daun Lebar and Kalluvally. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 67423

Correlation between various morphological characters and yield of black pepper cvs. Chunuk and Lampung Daun Kecil
Hubungan berbagai karakter morfologi dengan produksi lada varietas Chunuk dan Lampung Daun Kecil

Nuryani, Y; Hadipoentyanti, E
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 7 (2): 11-15 (1992)

Abstract:
Morphological characterization of black pepper cvs. Chunuk and Lampung Daun Kecil (LDK) had been conducted in Bangka from December 1991 until August 1992. The method of description was based on the International Pepper Technique Meeting. Twelve characters were observed, i.e. length of spikes, number of spikes per branch, length of petioles, number of berries per spike, diameter of berries, diameter of seeds, length of leaves, width of leaves, leaf- thickness, length of branches, length of internodes and seed yield. To obtain the correlation between various morphological characteristics with the production of black pepper, the data were analyzed by using Path Analysis. The results showed that spike length, petiole length, number of berries per spike and internode length were directly correlated to the yield of LDK cultivar. While on Chunuk cultivar only number of berries per spike and diameter of seeds have a direct effect on yield. The character that directly affecting the yield of both cultivars was the number of berries per spike. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 67424

Main attacking level of the black pepper pests at several subdistricts in Sambas district, West Kalimantan
Tingkat serangan utama lada di beberapa kecamatan di kabupaten Sambas, Kalimantan Barat

Trisawa, I.M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 7 (2): 6-10 (1992)

Abstract:
The observation of the main pests of black pepper was conducted in some subdistricts in Sambas district,West Kalimantan from December 1990 to January 1991. The aim of the observation was to examine the level of attack and population of the main pests at four subdistricts, two villages per subdistrict and tree gardens per village. The result showed that the dominant pests were flower pest (D. hewetti), pepper bug (D. piperis) and stem borer (L. piperis), respectively. The highest level of pest attack on flower and pepper bug were found at the subdistricts, Sungai Raya (38.64%) and Samalantan (18.68%), respectively. The attack level of stem borer in all subdistricts was low (4.41 - 7.27%). Farmers were mainly used pesticides for pest control. The interest of farmers for controlling pest and disease decreased, mainly due to high production cost compared to market price of black pepper.(Revised author's abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 68353

Selective preferences of Lophobaris pipers Marsh. to several grafted peppers
Pilihan penggerek batang (Lophobaris piopers Marsh.) terhadap beberapa lada sambungan

Suprapto
Natar Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (9): 74-77 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68354

Observation on pepper post pests in Lampung and Bangka
Observasi hama tiang panjat lada di Lampung dan Bangka

Barimbing, B; Asnawi, Z; Karmawati, E.
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (9): 78-80 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68365

Development of pepper commodity and its problems in West Kalimantan
Perkembangan komoditas lada dan permasalahannya di Kalimantan Barat

Deliyanto, A; Machdar, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (10): 43-46 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68378

Some notes on the propagation of pepper using 'jambangan' method
Beberapa catatan tentang perbanyakan lada cara jambangan

Yufdi, P
Natar Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (11): 22-26 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68379

Utilization of pole trees in pepper farming
Pemanfaatan pohon penegak pada usaha tani lada

Zaubin, R
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (11): 27-32 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68385

Weed control in the pepper stands
Pengendalian gulma di pertanaman lada

Tarigans, D.D; Effendi, D.S
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (11): 75-79 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68389

Preliminary study on the pepper pest, Euarmodia hemidoxa Heyr (Olethreutidae, Lepidoptera) in Bangka
Studi pendahuluan tentang hama Euarmodia hemidoxa Heyr (Olethreutidae, Lepidoptera) pada tanaman lada di Bangka

Asnawi, Z
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (11): 94-96 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68392

Number of stomata in several cultivars of pepper
Jumlah stoma beberapa varietas lada

Ernawati, Rr.
Natar Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (12): 5-7 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68393

Resistance tests of several pepper cultivars to Phytophthora capsici
Pengujian ketahanan beberapa varietas lada terhadap Phytopthora capsici

Nuryani, Y; Manohara, D
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (12): 8-10 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68397

Preliminary study on the pest control of Lophobaris serratipes using natural insecticides
Studi pendahuluan pengendalian hama Lophobaris serratipes dengan insecticida alami

Mustikawati, D.R
Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (12): 27-30 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69086

Effect of organic matters on the growth of black pepper, nematode population and antagonistic microorganisms
Pengaruh bahan organik terhadap pertumbuhan lada, populasi nematoda dan mikroorganisme antagonis

Mustika, I; Rachmat S., A; Sudrajat, D
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 11 (1): 11-17 (1993)

Abstract:
Study on the effects of organic matters on the growth of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.), nematode population and the existence of antagonistic microorganisms was conducted in the greenhouse of the Petaling Experimental Garden, Bangka and the Laboratory of the Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Bogor, from July 1991 to January 1992. The cow and chicken manures, soybean cake, sawdust, leaves of Imperata cylindrica, leaves of Glyricidia sp., organic soil treatment (OST) and compost were used in this study as sources of organic matter. In general, the results showed that the organic matters were capable of increasing growth of black pepper and reducing nematode population. Organic matters appeared to be more effective in reducing population of Meloidogyne incognita than that of Radopholus similis. Chicken manure, soybean cake, leaves of I. cylindrica and compost were effective in reducing M. incognita, whereas cow manure was effective in reducing R. similis. Sawdust, leaves of Glyricidia, OST and Furadan were effective in reducing both M. incognita and R. similis. The effectiveness of organic matters in reducing nematode population, however, was not significantly different from Furadan. It was indicated that organic matters were capable of promoting the growth of antagonists, especially fungi. Laboratory test showed that maximum growth of fungi occured at 24 oC. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69088

Effects of treatments prior to sun drying on the black pepper quality
Pengaruh perlakuan sebelum penjemuran terhadap mutu lada hitam

Risfaheri; Hidayat, T
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 11 (1): 36-40 (1993)

Abstract:
This experiment was conducted in two steps. The first step was preliminary experiment which conducted in West Kotawaringin district (Central Kalimantan province) and the second step was the main one conducted in the Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Bogor (West Java). The pepper berries used in the preliminary experiment was cv. Chunuk and in the main experiment was cv. Belantung. The experiment was done in a Completely Randomized Design with three replications. The results of this experiment showed that blanching of the pepper berries in 80 oC of water for 1.5 - 5 minutes prior to sun drying accelerated both the browning and the rate of drying. The blanched pepper berries required only 3 days (21 hours) to dry (sun dried) with 3.5 cm (1.22 g/cm2) berries thickness, whereas the common method by farmers required 4-5 days (28-31 hours). This method could improve the quality of the black pepper and it did not affect the oil and piperin contents. The black pepper produced from the blanching method had an attractive colour with excellent and strong aroma. Blanching in the boiling water 2.5-5 minutes caused colour deterioration of the black pepper. The prolonged thermal treatment might deactivate the enzyme responsible for the browning reaction. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69102

Black pepper
Lada

Zaubin, R; Darwati, I
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RIMSC); Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Issue of the Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 9 (1): 9-14 (1993)

Abstract:
Bulk of good plant materials are needed for development of black pepper in Indonesia. For this reason plant materials are prepared by using 7 node cuttings and single node cuttings. More over, pepper bushy plants are introduced as an alternative to increase farming system. The quality of plant materials depends among other on the growth of roots. Efforts had been made to increase the plant material quality such as growth medium test, manipulat- ion of mother plants and environmental conditions at the nursery and by using some growth regulators. Up to now the use of growth regulators on black pepper is focused on increasing the quality of plant materials. The challange of using growth regulators to increase seed viability and plant productivity are still open. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 70206

Extraction of pipersin, chavisin and essential oil from 'Ho tieu' (Piper nigrum L.) empty seeds
Chiet xuat pipercin, chavicin va tinh dau tu nhung hat Ho tieu lep

Vo Thanh Ky et al.
Pharmaceutical Connected Enterprises Binh Tri Thien; Vietnam

Tap chi Duoc hoc [Journal of Pharmacy] (3): 30 (1984)

Abstract:
The previously thrown away empty seeds were used to fertile soil of Piper nigrum, the valuable products such as essential oil, pipersin and chavisin have been extracted. 'Ho tieu' essential oil is used for aromatizing food-stuff and in drug industries. Chavisin can be used to make aromatic- fixator for essential oils and perfumes. Pipersin is an alkaloid used for producing massage balm or oil against catchcold, cough, toothache. The oxidation of pipersin by manganese dioxin gives peperonal, usually called heliotropin, which is flavor with highly attractive aroma and a component of high-class perfume.

Availability :
National Information and Documentation Center for Science and Technology




NO. 69200

Effects of defoliation and NAA concentrations on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seedlings
Pengaruh pengupiran daun dan konsentrasi NAA terhadap pertumbuhan bibit lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Budimulyono, Y.D
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1992; 39p

Abstract:
The study on the effect of defoliation and NAA concentration on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings was carried out in Maguwoharjo, Sleman, Yogyakarta from 14th January until 6th April 1991. The research used a Completely Randomized Design with three replications, consisted of two factors. The first factor was the defoliation, consisted of no defoliation, 1/2 leaf cut, and full devoliation. The second factor was, NAA concentrations, consisted of 0 ppm, 2000 ppm and 4000 ppm. The results of the research showed: 1. The defoliation was significantly affected the percentage of survival cuttings, number of leaves, number of roots, shoot length, dry weight of roots and dry weight of shoots. 2. The NAA concentration significantly affected on percentage of the survival cuttings, number of leaves, number of roots, shoots length, dry weight of roots and dry weight of shoots. 3. The defoliation was not affected on the dry weight of roots and dry weight of shoots. 4. The NAA concentration affected the dry weight of roots and dry weight of shoots. 5. There were no interaction between defoliation and the NAA concentration. (Revised author's abstract)

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69222

Effect of nitro-aromatic concentration and picking time of shoot materials on the root formation and growth of short cuttings of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh konsentrasi nitro aromatik dan saat pengambilan bahan turus terhadap pembentukan akar dan pertumbuhan bibit turus pendek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Hamzata, S
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1992; 104p

Abstract:
The research to study on the influence of the concentration of nitro- aromatic and the picking time of cuttings on the root formation and the growth of pepper short cuttings (Piper nigrum Linn.) had been carried out from April 1, 1992 until June 30, 1992 at the Educational and Experimental Garden of 'STIPER' Agricultural Institute, Yogyakarta. The area of this experimental garden located at Timbulharjo hamlet, Maguwoharjo village, Depok sub-district, Sleman district, Yogyakarta Special Province. The soil type was regosol, and the soil pH 6-6.5. The average rainfall was 2161,2 mm per year and the average rainy days was 88,5 days. The type of rainfall was C according to Schmidt and Ferguson classification. This research was carried out using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisted of two factors, with four and three levels, respectively. As factor I was the treatment of nitro-aromatic concentration (N) consisted of four levels, namely: N0=the concentration of nitro aromatic 0% (control), N1=the concentration of nitro aromatic 0,025%, N2=the concentration of nitro aromatic 0,050%, N3=the concentration of nitro aromatic 0,1%. As factor II was the treatments of the time of doing cuttings (T), consisted of three levels, namely: T1=the time of doing cutting at 07.00 a.m. (morning), T2=the time of doing cutting at 11.00 a.m. (noon), T3=the time of doing cutting at 04.00 a.m (afternoon). From the data of the research can be concluded as follows: 1. The various kinds of nitroaromatic concentrations and the time of doing cuttings showed significantly difference to root formation and the growth of short pepper cuttings and the influence of both factors showed no interaction. 2. The nitro aromatic concentration of 0,025% gave good result to root formation and the growth of short pepper cuttings. 3. The time of doing cutting at 11.00 a.m. (noon) and at 04.00 p.m. (afternoon) gave good result on the root formation and the growth of short pepper cuttings compared to the time of doing cuttings at 07.00 a.m. (morning). (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 70426

Results on the study of some pepper cultivars
Ket qua nghien cuu ve mot so giong cay tieu

Huynh Hong
Tap chi Nong nghiep & Cong nghiep Thuc pham [Journal of Agriculture and Food Industry] 6 (300): 217-219 (1992)

Abstract:
In Vietnam pepper (Piper nigrum) is planted in many regions. Current pepper cultivars are 'Tieu se', 'Tieu trau', 'Tieu la tron', 'Tieu trau la dai', 'Tieu lada belangtoeng', 'Tieu Phu quoc', 'Tieu nam vang', 'Tieu Srechea' and 'Tieu bop'. The average yield of these cultivars is 1.0 - 2.8 kg/post/year. The yield of cv. 'Tieu lada belangtoeng' is 2.5-8 kg/post/year. The yields of cvs. 'Tieu trau la tron' and 'Tieu trau la dai' are 1.0-1.5 kg/post/year.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 70977

Effects of cattle manure and covercrops on controlling root-knot nematodes on black pepper
Anh huong cua phan huu co va trong xen den mat do tuyen trung san re o Ho tieu

Nguyen Ngoc Chau
Tap chi Bao ve Thuc vat [Journal of Plant Protection] 137 (5): 9-11 (1994)

Abstract:
Application of completely decomposed at 20-40 kg/vine black peper has been able to reduce nematode population of Meloidogyne incognita of 19.2-29.9% in the first 8 months after treatment.

Availability :
National Information and Documentation Center for Science and Technology




NO. 69356

Effectw of internode number and IBA concentrations on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh jumlah ruas dan konsentrasi IBA terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Hidayati, N
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1993; 44p

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to know exactly the combination of internode number and concentration of IBA on the growth of pepper cuttings. The study was conducted from April 12 until July 14, 1992 at the Educational Experimental Garden of the "STIPER" Agricultural Institute located at Maguwoharjo village, Sleman district, Yogyakarta Special Province. The location was 118 m above sea level and the soil type was regusol with pH 6-6,5. The yearly average rainfall was 1800 mm, with 153 rainy days per year. The design used was a Completely Randomized Block. The treatment consisted of two factors. The first factor was internode number, consisted of three levels, i.e. one internode (R1), two internodes (R2), and three internodes (R3). The second factor was concentrations of growth regulator substance IBA, consisted of four levels, i.e. without IBA (K0), 5 ppm IBA (K1), 10 ppm IBA (K2) and 15 ppm IBA (K3). The results showed that any kind of treatment concentrations of IBA was no significant difference on the percentage of rooted cuttings, shoot length, root number, root length, shoot dry weight and root dry weight, while the treatment of internode number showed significant influence toward the percentage of rooted cuttings and root dry weight of the cuttings with two internodes (R2) and three internodes (R3).

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69364

Effects of planting media and internode number of cuttings on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seedlings
Pengaruh media tanam dan jumlah ruas stek terhadap pertumbuhan bibit lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Iswardani, M
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1993; 48p

Abstract:
The objective of the study was to know the effects of media and internode number on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seedlings. The experiment was carried out at the Field Research and Education of 'STIPER' Agricultural Institute in Yogyakarta, located in Maguwoharjo, Depok village, Sleman district, Yogyakarta Special Province. The area was located at about 118 m above sea level. This research lasted for three months starting from October 3th 1992 until December 30th 1992. The pepper cultivar used in this experiment was cv. Bulok Belantung. The experiment was designed due to a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with two factors and three replications. The first factor was the medium composition consisted of four levels, i.e. soil : sand (1 : 1) or M1; soil : sand : farmyard manure (1 : 1 : 1) or M2; soil : sand : compost (1 : 1 : 1) or M3, and soil : sand : sphagnum moss (1 : 1 : 1) or M4. The second factor was the number of internodes, consisted of three levels, i.e. one internode cuttings (R1); two internode cuttings (R2); and three internode cuttings (R3). The results were as follows: 1. The medium compositions of soil : sand : farmyard manure (1 : 1 : 1) or M2 gave the best result on the parameters of leaf number, root dry weight and root number. 2. The number of pepper internode cuttings did not produce any differences in all parameters. 3. There was no interaction between the medium composition with pepper internode cuttings. (Revised author's abstract)

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69392

Effects of size decreasing and distillation duration on the yield and physico-chemical properties of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) oil
Pengaruh pengecilan ukuran dan lama penyulingan terhadap rendemen dan sifat fisika kimia minyak lada (Pepper nigrum L.)

Purnomo, H
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1993; 60p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69425

Growth of three kinds of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings fertilized by various dosages of potassium
Pertumbuhan tiga macam setek lada (Piper nigrum L.) yang dipupuk dengan berbagai dosis kalium

Syahdan
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1993; 44p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69465

Effects of cultivars and kinds of processing of black and white peppers on the yield and quality of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) oil produced
Pengaruh varietas dan jenis hasil olah lada hitam dan lada putih terhadap rendemen dan mutu minyak lada (Piper nigrum L.) yang dihasilkan

Dani, Y.H
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1994; 63p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69484

Effects of shades and growth stimulating substances on growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh naungan dan zat perangsang tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Purwaningsih, O
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1994; 71p

Abstract:
Studies on the effect of shading and growth-stimulating substance on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings was done in the Experimental Garden (Kebun Pendidikan dan Penelitian, KP2) of the 'STIPER' Agricultural Institute, Yogyakarta from December 5, 1993 to February 27, 1994. The split-plot experiment consisted of two factors were used in this study. The first factor was the three levels of shadings, namely: 25% light intensity (N1), 50% light intensity (N2), 75% light intensity (N3). The second factor was the 4 levels of growth stimulants, namely: check (A0), 0.025% atonic (A1), 0.05% atonic (A2) and 0.1% atonic (A3). The following were the results of the experiment: 1. There were no interactions between shade treatments and concentrations of atonic growth-stimulating substances. 2. There was a linear relationship between shade levels and the growth of pepper; the optimum light intensity was 25% and N3 (75% light intensity) retarded the growth of cuttings. 3. The best atonic concentrations were 0.05% and 0.1%.

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69505

Effects of various plant media and soaking duration of pepper cuttings in NAA solution on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings
Pengaruh macam bahan tanam dan lama perendaman turus lada pada larutan NAA terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Widyorini, P
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1994; 61p

Abstract:
The research was carried out at the Education and Research Garden of 'INSTIPER', in Maguwoharjo village, Sleman district, Yogyakarta where the altitude is 118 m above sea level, and regusol as variety of its soil. The research had been done for 12 weeks, and began since July 25th, 1993 up to October 25th, 1993. The objective of this research was to discover a good seedling growth of Piper nigrum Linn., in order to confirm the kinds of planting material, where their preciese soaking time in the 50 ppm NAA solution. Research was designed due to a Split-splot method, using 2 factorials. The first factor (as subplot) was various planting materials, consisted of woody climbers, woody hanged, and woody soil (?). The second factor, as main plot, was the soaking periods, consisted of 0.5 hour, 2.0 hours, and 3.5 hours. This project was arranged to be 3 groups and each treatment combinations consisted of 3 plants of group. From the research yield, we found that there was significantly difference between woody climber and woody hanged, but there was insignificant difference with woody soil (?). The interaction process of both various of materials planting and cutting foundation of soaking duration happened in the 50 ppm NAA solution at bud growth. We should use woody climber and cutting foundation soaking period for 2.0 hours in 50 ppm NAA solution as seedlings.

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69809

Relationship between several ultisol soil characters and the growth of peper in Bangka island
Hubungan beberapa sifat tanah ultisol dengan keadaan pertumbuhan lada (Piper nigrum L.) di Pulau Bangka

Husen, E; Dai, J; Vadari, T; Amin, L.I
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Pertemuan Teknis Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat Bidang Potensi Sumber Daya Lahan [Proceedings of a Technical Meeting on Research of Soil and Agroclimate on Potential of Land Resources]; Bogor 18-21 Februari 1993; Karama, A.S (ed.); Suhardjo, H (ed.); Djaenudin, D (ed.); Suwarto (ed.); Mulyani, A (ed.); Bogor; Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat; 1993; p65-75

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 70645

Results of the study on pests and diseases of pepper
Ket qua nghien cuu sau benh hai ho tieu

Pham Van Bien; Nguyen Van Ta; Mai Thi vinh
Tap chi Nong nghiep & Cong nghiep Thuc pham [Journal of Agriculture and Food Industry] 339: 544-548 (1990)

Abstract:
The research was concentrated on the composition of pests, diseases and nematodes of some great zones of black pepper cultivation. The authors issued the list of some pests and diseases. Through some experiments, the authors had determined some chemicals of pest and disease resistant with high efficiency.

Availability :
National Information and Documentation Center for Science and Technology




NO. 71166

Pepper
Cay tieu

Dang Xuan Nghiem
So tay ky thuat trong cay cong nghiep [Handbook of Planting Industrial Plants] Agricultural Publishing House, Hanoi, Vietnam: 1978; p297-307

Abstract:
Physiological and ecological properties of the peppers were mentioned. Description of breeding and methods of propagation, soil tillage, maintenance and preventing from diseases were discussed. Suitable density for propagation is 25 x 25 x 40 cm, 40 x 40 x 40 cm, 50 x 50 x 50 cm; for planting is 2 x 2 m or 2 x 2.5 m.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71225

Pepper planting
Trong ho tieu

Nguyen Huu Chat
Rural Publishing House, Hanoi, Vietnam, 1963: 63p

Abstract:
Botanical properties and suitable conditions of pepper were noted. Some pepper breeding and their propagation were mentioned. The technique of planting and husbandry, harvesting and processing of pepper were discussed.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71295

Pepper
Cay ho tieu

Agriculture Publishing House, Hanoi; 1967; 34p

Abstract:
The book introduces economical value of the plant, its origin and geographic distribution, yield situation, botanical and ecological properties, growth and development. Their demands for temperature, water, daylight, wind and territory were mentioned. The task of planting, breeding and management were noted.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71495

Pepper
Cay ho tieu

Nguyen Ky Tam
Department of Industrial plants; Ministry of Agriculture of Vietnam

Gioi thieu mot so cay xuat khau [Introduction of Some Exported Plants] Agricultural Publishing House, Hanoi: 91-98 (1975)

Abstract:
The pepper plant is mainly planted in South Vietnam: Quang Tri, Quang Nam, Ha Tien and Phu Quoc and some provinces of North Vietnam as Quang Binh and Vinh Linh. There are two pepper cultivars in Vietnam, i.e. black and white peppers, they are planted in hot regions (average temperature 25-27 oC) with rainfall 2000-2500 mm/year. The author also showed some techniques of planting and controlling diseases and pests, harvesting and processing the plants.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71819

Black pepper
Cay ho tieu

Mong Hung
So tay sinh ly mot so cay trong o Vietnam [Handbook on Physiology of some Cultivar Plants in Vietnam] Hanoi, Science Pub. House, 1966. vol. 1: 115-120

Abstract:
Piper nigrum is an industrial plant having high economical value. It is planted in Binh Dinh, Vinh Linh, Quang Binh... The author described physiology and planting and harvesting techniques.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71977

Diseases of black pepper and their control
Benh hai hat tieu va cach phong tru

Kuch Tiong Kheng
Thong tin Bao ve Thuc vat [Plant Protection Bulletin] (5): 21-22 (1990)

Abstract:
There are 11 diseases of black pepper which can damage the plants. Among them, the back fruit disease cause by Colletotrichum capsici, C. peperis can reduce 50% yield. Recently the control measures of these diseases are not studied properly.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 72207

Effects of some nematicides in controlling root-knot namatodes in black pepper and the sensible methods of application
Hieu luc cua mot so thuoc tru tuyen trung hai ho tieu va bien phap xu ly thuoc hop ly

Nguyen Ngo Chau; Nguyen Vu Thanh
Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources; Vietnam

Tap chi Bao ve Thuc vat [Journal of Plant Protection] (6): 19-20 (1992)

Abstract:
Efficiency test of nematicides in controlling root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita in black pepper at the state farm of Tan Lam have already been carried out and obtained the following results: Mocap 6 EC dosage 3-3.5 gram ai/plant and 1.5 gram ai/m2 nursery, effectively 92.4-95.8%. - Diafuran 3G dosage, 3-3.5 gram ai/plant, effectivle 84.5%. - Nemacur 10G dosage of biology, development of M. incognita, the suitable application of nematicides were discussed.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 90153

Etiology of the yellowing and wilt diseases of black pepper


Zaragoza, B.A; Ilag, L.L; Castillo, M.B
Bicol Experiment Station, Pili, Camarines Sur and U.P. Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna

Philippine Phytopathology 27 (1 & 2): 49 (1991)

Abstract:
The cause of the yellowing and wilt diseases attacking black pepper in the Bicol Region was investigated and determined as Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood. Initial symptom was slight to general yellowing of leaves Wilting occurred two to three months after heavy, continuous rains followed by sunny, warm and dry weather. The nature of the symptoms was similar to those caused by a wide rage of biotic and abiotic factors. A survey for the presence of Meloidogyne incognita in black pepper plants from 4 provinces, 12 towns and 14 barangays in the Bicol Region showed 64.3% of their root samples had galls. Personal assessment of loss in stand was 10 to 65%. Suspect fungal pathogens were ruled out particularly Phytophthora spp. despite a rapid isolation technique using pimaricin-vancomycin-pentachloronitrobenzene-hymexazol (PVPH) selective medium. Identification of the nematode species was by the characteristic perineal patterns of the adult females. Different development groups of the nematode were recovered at weekly period after inoculation. One complete life cycle occured between 21 to 28 days after larval inoculation. The histopathology of the black pepper nematode revealed the formation of giant cells, distorting the cortical cells, disrupting and blocking the vascular bundles. Multiple infection in the roots produced more galls and giant cells, thus more damage to the plant.

Availability :
Main Library; University of the Philippines; Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 92360

Evaluation of organic materials for the control of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood) affecting black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Zaragoza, B.A
7th Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants, Spices, and Other Natural Products (ASOMPS VII); Manila; Philippines, (1992) Feb 2-7; HERDIN Database; PC920821. MFN 007488

Abstract:
The study was conducted to determine the effect of some organic materials as soil amendments for the control of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita Chit.) affecting black pepper (Piper nigrum L.). Two-month old marcotted black pepper seedlings planted in plastic bag with sterile soil were inoculated with larvae of the nematodes. Ten days later, the organic soil amendment materials were added, namely chicken dung, azolla and plant compost and the control chemical, carbofuran. Results show the effect on galling index, number of nematodes recovered and root and top weights. On gall formation, treatments with chicken dung rated 2.5 and did not differ significantly with carbofuran at 2.7. The number of female nematodes recovered in the azolla treatment was highest with 40.0 per two-gram roots, followed by chicken dung and furadan (carbofuran). For number of egg-masses, chicken dung had the lowest count and significantly different with azolla, carbofuran and the untreated check. Root weights of chicken dung and azolla did not statistically differ but differed with carbofuran. The evident reduction of gall formation using chicken dung confirmed it as a nematicide. Aside from its nematicidal effects and low cost, its nutritive value is high and may enhance the yield of crops.

Availability :
SEARCA Library; Los Ba¤os; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 92614

Production and management of black pepper


Galay, CR
University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; 9407 Cotabato; Philippines

Proceedings of the 2nd National Consultative Meeting and Symposium Workshop on Industrial Crops; October 1990; ?p

Availability :
Graduate School Main Library; University of Southern Mindanao; Kabacan; Cotabato; Philippines




NO. 100987

Recent advances in Phytopthora foot rot research in India and the need for a holistic approach


Sarma, Y.R; Anandaragi, M; Ramachandran, N
National Research Centre for Spices; Calicut; India

Proceedings of the International Workshop on block pepper disease; Bandar Lampung, 3-5 December 1991; Wahid, P. (ed.); Sitepu, D. (ed.); Deciyanto, S. (ed.); Suparman, U (ed.); Bogor; Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; 1992; p133-143

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100989

Status of slow decline disease of black pepper and approaches of disease management


Sarma, Y.R; Ramana, K.V; Anandaraj, M
National Research Centre for Spices; Calicut; Kerala; India

Proceedings of the International Workshop on block pepper disease; Bandar Lampung, 3-5 December 1991; Wahid, P (ed.); Sitepu, D (ed.); Deciyanto, S (ed.); Suparman, U (ed.); Bogor; Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; 1992; p167-174

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100991


Slow decline of black pepper caused by root-knot nematodes

Tiong-Kheng, Kuch; Soon-Liang, Sim
Agricultural Research Centre; Semongok; Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Serawak; Malaysia

Proceedings of the International Workshop on Block Pepper Disease; Bandar Lampung, 3-5 December 1991; Wahid, P (ed.); Sitepu, D (ed.); Deciyanto, S (ed.); Suparman, U (ed.); Bogor; Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; 1992; p198-207

Abstract:
Root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne incognita, M. javanica and M. arenaria causing severe slow decline in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) under Sarawak conditions. Among the three species, M. incognita and M. javanica have the highest frequency of occurrence in young and mature pepper vines. They are widely distributed in cultivated regions and have very wide host range. Severity of infestation in pepper vines is the most serious in the transitional zone between organic and mineral soils, and in mineral soil having high sand contents. Symptoms of infestation in young and mature vines are described. Disease management by varietal resistance, organic matter amendment, biocontrol agent and nematicides are discussed.

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100194

Effect of organic matter of several weed species on Phytopthora disease of pepper
Pengaruh bahan organik dari beberapa jenis gulma terhadap serangan Phytopthora pada tanaman lada

Hasanah; Andarias M.M; Darmilah, N; Suranto; Kamsiyono
Research Institute for Tobacco and Fibre Crops (RITFC); Malang; East Java; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 18 (1-2): 45-48 (1992)

Abstract:
Effect of organic matters of different weed species on the development of the Phytopthora disease of pepper was studied in the greenhouse of the Natar Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Lampung from January until October 1992. The treatments applied were organic matters from different species of weeds, including: 1) Ageratum conyzoides, 2) Euphorbia hirta, 3) Setaria palmivolia, 4) Panicum indicum, 5) mixed of 1, 2, 3 and 4, and the control (no organic matter). The experiment was designed due to a Completely Randomized Design with six replications and six plants per plot. Results showed that the application of organic matter from S. palmivolia or mixed- organic matter from the four species significantly suppressed the development of P. capsici. Other weed species did not significantly affect the develop- ment of the fungus.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100207

Effects of organic matters on the growth of black pepper, nematode population and antagonistic microorganisms
Pengaruh bahan organik terhadap pertumbuhan lada, populasi nematoda dan mikroorganisme antagonis

Mustika, I; Rachmat S., Alan; Sudrajat, D
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 2 (1): 11-17 (1993)

Abstract:
Study on the effects of organic matters on the growth of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.), nematode population and the existence of antagonistic microorganisms was conducted in the greenhouse of Petaling Experimental Garden, Bangka and Laboratory of the Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Bogor, from July 1991 until January 1992. Cow and chicken manure, soybean cake, sawdust, leaves of Imperata cylindrica, leaves of Gliricidia sp., organic soil treatment (OST), and compost were used in this study as sources of organic matter. In general, the results showed that organic matters were capable of increasing the growth of black pepper and reducing nematode population. Organic matters appeared to be more effective in reducing the population of Meloidogyne incognita than that of Radopholus similis. Chicken manure, soybean cake, leaves of I. cylindrica and compost were effective in reducing M. incognita, whereas cow manure was effective in reducing R. similis. Sawdust, leaves of Gliricidia, OST and Furadan were effective in reducing both M. incognita and R. similis. The effectiveness of organic matters in reducing nematode population, however, was not significant- ly different from Furadan. It was indicated that organic matters were capable of promoting the growth of antagonists, especially fungi. Laboratory test showed that maximum growth of fungi occured at 24 oC.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100235

Financial analysis of pepper's oil destillation firm (A case study at Capkala village, Sambas district)
Analisis finansial usaha penyulingan minyak lada (Studi kasus di Desa Capkala, Kabupaten Sambas)

Machruf, M; Mauludi, L
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC): Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 8 (1): 1-7 (1993)

Abstract:
Financial analysis of pepper oil distillation firm was carried out at Capkala village, Sambas district, West Kalimantan. This research was a case study, using data of benefit and cost taken from 1990 until 1993 (4 years). The data was analysed by financial feasibility analysis which include process cost price, benefit cost ratio, net present value, internal rate of return, and payback period. The results of financial analysis showed that pepper's oil distillation firm was feasible wich indicated by feasibility indicators such as: (1) process cost price was lower than selling price (59-68%); (2) B/C ratio more than one (1.55); NPV positive (Rp 7 983 577,-); (4) IRR was higher than that of bank interest (55.75%) and (5) payback period is 1 year 2.4 month.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100602

Effects of various growth regulators and cutting materials on the growth of branch cutting of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh berbagai zat pengatur tumbuh dan bahan setek terhadap pertumbuhan setek cabang buah lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Daulay, A.Y
S1 thesis; Bogor; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 58p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 100236

Batch dryer type for black pepper drying
Pengeringan lada hitam dengan alat pengering tipe bak

Hidayat, T; Nurdjannah, N; Risfaherin
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 8 (1): 8-13 (1993)

Abstract:
An experiment of black pepper drying by using batch dryer type was conducted at the Technology Laboratory of Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops in August 1992. The treatment applied was drying temperatures (temperature of plenum chamber) consisted of 40-45, 50-55 and 60-65 oC. The raw material used in the experiment was pepper berries (cv. Belantung) collected from Sukamulya Experimental Garden-Sukabumi. The experiment was designed due to a Completely Randomized Design with two replications. Results of the experiment showed that batch dryer could be applied on black pepper drying. On respectively 60-65, 50-55 and 40-45 oC temperature range, 7, 12 and 21 respectively hours were needed to dry 100 kg pepper berries up to 11.64 - 11.95% WB (13.17-13.57 DB) moisture content. The quality of black pepper produced with 50-55 and 60-65 oC temperature range met the standard specified by SP (Department of trade standard) and ISO (International standard organization). The black pepper which was dried on 40-45 oC temperature range during 19-20 hours doesn't met the quality standard. The application of 60-65 oC temperature range will be more profitable in term of the time and cost.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100681

Application of natural plant material in controlling pests
Penggunaan bahan alami tumbuhan dalam upaya pengendalian hama

Sjam, S
Faculty of Agriculture; Hasanuddin University; Ujung Pandang; South Sulawesi; Indonesia

Kumpulan Makalah Seminar dan Pertemuan Tahunan Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia Cabang Ujung Pandang, Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia & Himpunan Perlindungan Tumbuhan Indonesia Komda Sulawesi Selatan, Ujung Pandang [Collection of Paper presented at the Proceedings and Annual Meeting on the Indonesian Entomological Society, Ujung Pandang Branch, Indonesian Phytopathological Society & Association for Conservation of Indonesian Plants]; Baco, D (ed.); Saranga, A.P (ed.); Kusnang (ed.); Rosmana, A (ed.); Firdaus (ed.); 15 Januari 1994; Ujung Pandang; PEI, PFI & HPTI; 1994; 7p

Availability :
Indonesian Entomological Society; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100988


Current research status of foot rot disease in Indonesia

Manohara, D; Kasim, R; Sitepu, Dj
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings of the International Workshop on block pepper disease; Bandar Lampung, 3-5 December 1991; Wahid, P (ed.); Sitepu, D (ed.); Deciyanto, S (ed.); Suparman, U (ed.); Bogor; Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; 1992; p144-154

Abstract:
Foot rot disease is one of the important disease of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.). This disease was first reported in Sekampung, South Lampung, Sumatera. At present it is found in almost all black pepper plantations in Indonesia. Loss of black pepper plants due to foot rot infection is about 10-15% per year. The causal agent was first identified as Phytopthora palmivora var. piperis in 1936. At present almost all Phytopthora isolates can be renamed as P. capsici. All isolates were heterolitic with both A1 and A2 mating or compatible types. Two mating types (A1 and A2) were found in Lampung, West Kalimantan and West Java. The isolates from Bangka and Pangkalanbun (Central Kalimantan) were A1 type. The propagule of North Lampung isolate survived for more than 20 weeks in soil with water content of more than 60% field capacity without black pepper plant. The pathogen was also able to survive as saprophytes on leaves or stems of pepper for more than 8 weeks in soils of 60-100% field capacity. Antagonistic micro-organism such as Trichoderma spp. have the potential of being used as biological control agents. Soil amendment using organic matter such as rice straw, corn, soybean and peanut, increase the population of microbial antagonists. Some fungicides were quite effective in reducing foot rot. Among these were Metalaxyl 2G, Fosetyl-Al 80 WP and Phosphoric acid 80 EC. proose to combine these various components in controlling foot rot disease.

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100992

Anthracnose and phyllody disease of black pepper in India


Sarma, Y.R; Anandaraj, M
National Research Centre for Spices; Calicut; Kerala; India

Proceedings of the International Workshop on Block Pepper Disease; Bandar Lampung, 3-5 December 1991; Wahid, P (ed.); Sitepu, D (ed.); Deciyanto, S (ed.); Suparman, U (ed.); Bogor; Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; 1992; p211-214

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100993

Disease of unknown etiology in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Sarma, Y.R; Anandaraj, M; Devasahayan, S
National Research Centre for Spices; Calicut; Kerala; India

Proceedings of the International Workshop on Block Pepper Disease; Bandar Lampung, 3-5 December 1991; Wahid, P (ed.); Sitepu, D (ed.); Deciyanto, S (ed.); Suparman, U (ed.); Bogor; Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; 1992; p215-219

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100994

Stunted disease of black pepper


Ben, Firdansil A; Suseno, R; Sitepu, Dj
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings of the International Workshop on Block Pepper Disease; Bandar Lampung, 3-5 December 1991; Wahid, P (ed.); Sitepu, D (ed.); Deciyanto, S (ed.); Suparman, U (ed.); Bogor; Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; 1992; p220-226

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100995


Occurrence and management of wrinkled-leaf disease of black pepper

Tiong-Kheng, Kuch; Soon-Liang, Sim
Agricultural Research Centre; Semongok; Department of Agriculture Kuching; Malaysia

Proceedings of the International Workshop on Block Pepper Disease; Bandar Lampung, 3-5 December 1991; Wahid, P (ed.); Sitepu, D (ed.); Deciyanto, S (ed.); Suparman, U (ed.); Bogor; Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; 1992; p227-233

Abstract:
The viral disease of black pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) known as wrinkled- leaf disease causing severe stunting in young pepper vines is threatening the pepper industry in Sarawak, Malaysia. The disease is differentiated into four distinct forms according to the degree of severity. The modes of transmission, distribution and management of the disease are discussed.

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100996

Research progress on important insect pests of black pepper in Indonesia


Deciyanto, S; Suprapto
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings of the International Workshop on Block Pepper Disease; Bandar Lampung, 3-5 December 1991; Wahid, P (ed.); Sitepu, D (ed.); Deciyanto, S (ed.); Suparman, U (ed.); Bogor; Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; 1992; p237-245

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101343

Ecological stress and growth of pepper
Cekaman lingkungan dan pertumbuhan tanaman lada

Mukni, A.M
Natar Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News] 11 (4): 72-75 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101499

Research on Phytophthora originated from pepper, piper betle and cubeba
Penelitian Phytophthora asal lada, sirih dan cabe Jawa

Manohara, D; Wahyuno, D; Sutrasman
Indonesian Phytopathological Society; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society] Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p942-947

Abstract:
Phytophthora is a pathogenic fungi which is also found on pepper (Piper nigrum), betle (P. betle) and cubeba (P. retrofractum). The pathogen attacks all plant parts, but the most dangerous one is the incidence on the foot (stem-base). A study on five phytopthoran isolates (three pepper and each one from betel and cubeba) was done and the pathogen morphology, the effect of temperature to the growth and sporulation, mating type and cross inoculation were observed. The five isolates turned out to be Phytopthora capsici, and was able to grow at the temperature range of 20-32oC. Pepper and cubeba isolates have A1 mating type, while betel isolate has A2 mating type. The oospore generally was globular in shape, abundantly formed at 20oC and the antheridium was amphigyneous. There was cross inoculation between pathogen from the three plants.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101500

Effect of clove product on the development of Phytophthora capsici from pepper
Pengaruh produk cengkeh terhadap pertumbuhan Phytopthora capsici asal lada

Sukamto
Indonesian Phytopathological Society; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society] Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p948-951

Abstract:
The study on Phytophthora capsici in vitro control was conducted by utilizing clove products (clove oil, eugenol, flower, petiole, and leaf dusts) mixed to V8 agar media. Two of P. capsici isolates from North and South Lampung were used. There were five different clove oil and eugenol concentrations and a control, and both products were emulsified with five percent gelatine. For the dusts there were four different concentrations and a control. The results showed 60-70 percent inhibition by 400 ppm. Zoospora didn't grow after 300 ppm clove oil was added. Growth inhibition as high as 90 percent also happened when 0.8 g of either leaf or petiole dusts were added to 100 ml media, while 0.2 g flower dust in 100 ml medium inhibited 80-85 percent fungal growth.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101501

Infection of pepper dwarf disease by Aphis sp.
Penularan penyakit kerdil lada dengan Aphis sp.

Akhyar Ben, F
Indonesian Phytopathological Society; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society] Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p952-954

Abstract:
The study on the role of Aphis sp. in the epidemiology of pepper dwarf disease was conducted in the greenhouse of Natar Substation for the Spices and Medicinal Plant Research. The transmission was done in two modes, persistent and non-persistent. The non-persistent mode was not able to inflict any symptoms, but the persistent one succeeded in transmitting the disease within 15-20 days incubation period. This proved that aphids is the vector of the dwarf disease.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101505

Effect of Trichoderma viride application and organic matter on sterile soil on the development of pepper foot rot disease
Pengaruh aplikasi Trichoderma viride dan seresah pada tanah steril terhadap perkembangan penyakit busuk pangkal batang lada

Prasetyo, J; Akin, H.M
Indonesian Phytopathological Society; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society] Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p971-974

Abstract:
Laboratory study to investigate the effect of Trichoderma viride application into sterile soil to the development of pepper foot rot disease caused by Phytophthora palmivora was done in two serial study. The study was carried out in the laboratory of Plant Pest and Disease, Lampung University, Sumatra. The first study was done to know the effect of T. viride application ten days after pathogen inoculation to the development of foot rot disease. The second study was to know the effect of T. viride applied along with and without soybean mulch to the disease development. The results showed that T. viride application was able to suppress the development of pepper foot rot disease. Application of Trichoderma ten days before pathogen inoculation resulted in better suppression ability than ten days after pathogen inoculation. Tricoderma viride application using soybean mulch gave better result than without mulch, and mixing the mulch with soil media gave better result than broadcasting method

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101506

Possibility of biological control of pepper nematode
Kemungkinan pengendalian nematoda lada secara hayati

Rachmat, S.A; Mustika, I
Indonesian Phytopathological Society; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society] Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p975-979

Abstract:
One of the constraints in increasing pepper yield in Indonesia are plant parasitic nematodes, particularly Meloidogyne incognita and Radopholus similis. Control of those nematodes still depends on pesticides. Continuous use of nematicides has negative effect, such as resurgence, nematode natural enemies obliteration, and environmental pollution. Field survey showed that in the pepper rhizospheric zone exist some antagonistic fungi for nematodes such as Arthrobotrys sp., Dactyllaria sp., Dactyllela sp., Catenaria sp., Nematoctoneus sp., and bacteria Pasteuria penetrans. Laboratory tests showed that Arthrobotrys sp., Dactyllaria sp., and Dactyllela sp. had good trapping ability to Meloidogyne sp. Adding organic matter to the soil would suppress Meloidogyne sp. population and accelerate the growth of antagonistic organisms.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101619

Chance of utilization of cultivars and natural enemies in controlling main pests of pepper
Peluang pemanfaatan varietas dan musuh alami dalam pengendalian hama utama lada

Soetopo, D
Indonesian Entomological Society; Bandung Branch; West Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Penerapan Pengendalian Hama Terpadu [Proceedings of the Symposium on Applied of Integrated Pest Control], 3-4 September 1992; p66-71

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 102009

Contribution of pepper on the gross regional domestic product in Lampung
Kontribusi lada terhadap produk domestik regional bruto (PDRB) Lampung

Muchlas
Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of the Industrial Crop Research and Development] (15): 5-9 (1995)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102019

Preservation of climbing poles and their effect on the growth of pepper
Pengawetan tiang panjat dan pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan lada

Dhalimi, A; Ray, A
Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of the Industrial Crop Research and Development] (15): 75-77 (1995)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102159

Effects of shading levels and plant growth regulators on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings
Pengaruh tingkat naungan dan zat pengatur tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan stek lada (Piper ningrum Linn.)

Dwipa, I
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

S2 thesis; Bogor; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 107p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102190

Study on the processing of dehydrated green pepper
Mempelajari cara pengolahan lada hijau kering

Djubaedah, E; Harttanto, E.S; Wirajaya, P.B
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta AKAB [Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry News] (5): 8-15 (1994)

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102195

Analysis of commodity export demand of white pepper from South Sumatra during 1970-1990
Analisis permintaan ekspor komoditi lada putih daerah Sumatera Selatan 1970-1990

Abdullah, Z
Faculty of Economy; Tridianti University; Palembang; Sumatera; Indonesia

Majalah Unanti [Tridianti University Bulletin] 1 (05): 13-24 (1993)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102257

Effect of planting pattern of pepper on the attack of stem borer (Lophobaris piperis Marsh)
Pengaruh pola tanam lada terhadap serangan penggerek batang (Lophobaris piperis Marsh)

Mustikawati, D.R; Suprapto; Pujiharti, Y; Dwiwarni, I; Suroso
Risalah Seminar Biologi XIV dan Kongres Nasional Biologi XI [Proceedings of the 14th Seminar and the 11th National Congress on Biology]; Depok, 24-26 Juli 1995

Availability :
University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 102268

Physiological condition of young pepper crop plant caused by drought
Kondisi fisiologis tanaman lada muda akibat kekeringan

Yufdy, P
Risalah Seminar Biologi XIV dan Kongres Nasional Biologi XI [Proceedings of the 14th Seminar and the 11th National Congress on Biology]; Depok, 24-26 Juli 1995

Availability :
University of Indonesia; Depok; Indonesia




NO. 102272

Propagation of wild pepper on cytokinin growing media in vitro
Perbanyakan lada liar secara in vitro pada medium tumbuh sitokinin

Kristina, N.N; Mariska, I
Risalah Seminar Biologi XIV dan Kongres Nasional Biologi XI [Proceedings of the 14th Seminar and the 11th National Congress on Biology]; Depok, 24-26 Juli 1995

Availability :
University of Indonesia; Depok; Indonesia




NO. 102364

Effect of blanching condition and sulphitation on the quality of dehydrated green pepper
Pengaruh kondisi blanching dan sulfitasi terhadap mutu lada hijau dehidrasi

Hidayat, T; Risfaheri
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] 19 (3-4): 43-48 (1994)

Abstract:
The steps of dehydrated green pepper processing consisted of harvesting, threshing berries from spikes, washing, blanching, sulphitizing, drying, sorting and packaging. In this research condition of blanching and sulphitation were studied to produce good quality of the green pepper. The experiment was conducted at the Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops. Pepper berries were collected from farmers at Rangkasbitung. Results showed that the blanching had better results conducted at a temperature of 100oC for 15-20 minutes in CaCl2 solution. Sulphitation in 1% NaHSO3 + 0.25% citric acid had better results conducted for 15-25 minutes. Dehydrated green pepper retained a good colour and aroma for 3 months in the polyethylene bags, but the colour was commenced pale and the aroma less strong after the green pepper stored for four months.

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102452

Irrigation pattern for limed pepper plant in the Karang Agung tidal one
Pola pengairan untuk tanaman lada yang dikapur pada lahan pasang surut, Karang Agung

Dhalimi, A; Ray, A
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (7): 55-59 (1994)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102674

Preliminary study on the existence of spider web in black pepper and its role


Soetopo, D; Wiratno; Asnawi, Z
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 3 (2): 31-36 (1995)

Abstract:
Observation on the role of spiders in protecting black pepper berries from insect pest was conducted at Bangka region, South Sumatera Province in February, 1992. This observation was carried out once at five districts which have the largest plantation area and the distance among them are quite far, i.e. in Sungailiat, Kelapa, Balinyu, Toboali and Sungaiselan. Four villages were sampled from each district, except Belinyu three districts, and two farms from each village. From each farm 10 plants ageing four years and three meter height were chosen as observation samples. Observation include the density of spider population per plant, position of spider on plant, type of web, diameter of web, distribution of population and damages level of berries due to insect pest. Results showed that spiders were found in all observed districts. The regular form of web was found more commons than irregular form, except in Sungailiat. The highest population per plant was 13.5 found at Sungaiselan, followed by Sungailiat (10.2), Belinyu (4.3), Toboali (2.6) and Kelapa (0.6) respectively. The average of plant surface covered by spider web was varied from 9.00 to 14.68 cm in diameter. Generally, spider web was found at the middle part of plant. The regression between the number of spiders and damage level of pepper berries was Y=0.18292-0.6528x. It mean when the number of spiders increased the damage level of pepper due to insect decreased.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102682

Trend and forecasting of black pepper price in international market


Indrawanto, Ch
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 3 (1): 22-25 (1994)

Abstract:
Moving average procedure and Holt-Winters Exponential Smoothing Forecasting model are applied to the monthly data of price of black pepper in Singapore to examine the trend of the price and to forecast the price for the next few months. The results indicated that there was a declining trend of the price by 1.75 percent every month during September 1987 to May 1994, which will continue for the next few months. The forecast data indicate that the price of black pepper in 1994 may reach the lowest prices in December by US$ 118.66/100 kg, and the price in 1995 may reach the highest price in April by US$129.56/100 kg and the lowest price in October by US$ 109.17/100 kg.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102685

Chemical characteristics of some black pepper cultivars in Simpang Monterado and Pandu Experimental Garden


Nuryani, Y; Tritianingsih
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 3 (1): 37-41 (1994)

Abstract:
An evaluation on the chemical composition of black pepper collected from Simpang Monterado (West Kalimantan) and Pandu (North Sulawesi) was conducted in the technology Laboratory of Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Bogor during September 1993. The aim of this study was to determine which one of the evaluated cultivars was good for each location in terms of chemical composition. Twelve cultivars of black pepper were used in this study. Four cultivars used in this study namely Natar-1, Petalling-1, Lampung Daun Kecil and Kuching were planted both in Simpang Monterado and in Pandu. Other cultivars were Natar-2, Bangkayang, Bulok Belantung and Banjarmasin Daun Lebar were planted in Simpang Monterado, and Petalling-2, Bangka, Pulau Laut and Sedeng Jakarta were planted in Pandu. The results of this study indicated that the Petalling-1 and Kuching cultivars collected from Simpang Monterado had higher oil content and oleoresin compared to those from Pandu. In Simpang Monterado, cv. Lampung Daun Kecil has the highest oil content (3.85%), cv. Kuching has the highest piperine (3.50%) and oleoresin (13.70%) content. In Pandu, cv. Petalling-2 has the highest oil content (4.61%), piperine (3.79%) and oleoresin (12.55%).

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103112

Crop improvement and cultivation of black pepper


Wahid, P; Zaubin, R
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

IARD Journal [Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal] 15 (2): 27-30 (1993)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103114

Disease management on pepper


Sitepu, D
IARD Journal [Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal] 15 (2): 31-37 (1993)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103787

Study the terpenoid and alkaloid compounds of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) by extraction of the leaf with n-hexane and chloroform
Senyawa terpenoid dan alkaloid daun lada (Piper nigrum Linn.) hasil ekstraksi dengan pelarut n-heksana dan kloroform

Syafar, M; Yudi, V
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Lampung University; Jl.Prof.Dr.Sumantri Brojonegoro No.1; Bandar Lampung 35145; Indonesia

Jurnal Pengembangan Wilayah Lahan Kering [Journal of Dryland Area Development] (14): 68-78 (1994)

Abstract:
The aim of the research was to study the terpenoid and alkaloid compounds of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.). The terpenoid and alkaloid compounds of this species were obtained by extraction of the leaf with n-hexane and chloroform at room temperature. The results showed that the terpenoid and alkaloid compounds of P. nigrum Linn. leaves has m.p. 132-132.6oC and 116-117oC. Based on spectroscopic data, which included ultraviolet, infrared, mass spectra, the compounds are assumed to be 1,2,3,4,4a,7,8,8a-octahydro-1,6-dimethyl-4-(1- methylethyl)-1-napthalenol and 1-hexadecylpyridinium chloride monohydrate.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102686

Physical and thermophysical properties of Belantung black pepper berry (Piper nigrum L.)


Mulyono, E; Syarief, Atjeng M; Supriyono
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 3 (1): 42-50 (1994)

Abstract:
A study to determine physical and thermophysical properties of Belantung pepper seed (Piper nigrum L.) was carried out at the Technology Laboratory of Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (Balittro) and laboratory of Inter University Center, Bogor Agriculture University. The physical properties determined consist of berry bulk density, apparent density and inter particle space ratio. The thermophysical property determinated in this study was specific heat of berries. Fresh pepper berries of Belantung type were sun dried for 8 hour/day during 8 consecutive days. Six levels of moisture content were secured. The physical and thermophysical properties were examined for each moisture content. The length, width, thickness, bulk density, total surface area and specific heat value increase as moisture content increases. On the other hand, the apparent density, inter particle space ratio and specific surface area decrease as the moisture content increase. The best shape to describe Belantung black pepper berries was spherical, with the spherically 0.94 to 0.99.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102691

Test on the causal agent of stunted disease on pepper (Piper nigrum L.) by use of vector and tem (?)
Pengujian penyebab penyakit kerdil pada tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) dengan menggunakan vektor dan tem

Sila, S
Faculty of Agriculture; Mulawarman University; Samarinda; East Kalimantan; Indonesia

Buletin Budidaya Pertanian [Agricultural Cultivation Bulletin] 1 (2): 26-33 (1995)

Abstract:
A study on the causal agent of stunt disease on pepper (Piper nigrum L.) of Belantung cultivar was carried out in the Phytopathological Laboratory of Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University. Stunt disease can be transmitted by 7 to 10 mealy bugs Planococcoides njalensis (Laing) per plant with incubation period of 95 to 102 days. The shortest time was taken by mealy bugs to transmit the stunt disease was 102 hours which consist of 72 hours of acquisition feeding period and 30 hours of inoculation feeding period. The 36, 48 and 60 hours inoculation feeding period were resulted in perfect stunt symptom, while if the disease were transmitted through a serial inoculation, the vector would lost its transmission sources in the second series. In some measurable particle, observation under electron microscope using quick dipping method, isometric virus particles of about 45 nm diameter were found, and using ultra thin section method, flexuous filamentous particles were found as aggregates, due to poor fixation process. On some measurable particles, the length of the virus was about 660-766 nm. Based on the results of these studies, it was concluded that stunt pepper disease associated with both virus, the isometric an flexuous filamentous particles. To identify the precise causal agent of stunt disease it was necessary to conduct further study, i.e. purification causal virus of the disease and the reinoculation on healthy plant to fulfil the Koch postulate.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 103108

Handling and processing of pepper


Rusli, S; Nurdjannah, N
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

IARD Journal [Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal] 15 (2): 38-43 (1993)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103925

Plant protection on the dry season (Case study on the effect of dry season on growth of black pepper in Lampung)
Perlindungan tanaman terhadap musim kemarau (Studi kasus pengaruh kemarau pada pertumbuhan lada di Lampung)

Zanbin, R
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Pengelolaan Tata Air dan Pemanfaatannya dalam Satu Kesatuan Toposekuens [Proceedings of the Seminar on Water Management and Utilization in Toposequential Unit], Cilacap 7-8 Oktober 1993; p172-178

Availability :
Research and Development Institute for Botany; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103958

Effect of distillation period of fresh pepper by using water method on yield of oil and quality of white pepper produced
Pengaruh lama penyulingan lada segar dengan metode air terhadap rendemen minyak dan mutu lada putih yang dihasilkan

Endrawati
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 77p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103965

Study on drying characteristics and determine dynamic equilibrium water contents and drying constant of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Mempelajari karakteristik pengeringan dan menentukan kadar air keseimbangan dinamis serta konstanta pengeringan lada hitam (Piper nigrum L.)

Pramuji, S
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 103p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103455

Study of disease on farmer's pepper plantation at Kejobong subdistrict Purbalingga district
Kajian penyakit pada tanaman lada rakyat di kecamatan Kejobong Kabupaten Purbalingga

Purnomowati; Mumpuni, A
Faculty of Agriculture; Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia

Research Report; Purwokerto; Faculty of Agriculture; Jenderal Soedirman University; 1994; 64p

Abstract:
Pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) is a famous and expensive spice plant. It is usually used as a spice or as a traditional medicine. Pepper is also able to improve farmer's income and as a source of devisa. Stem rot disease is one of some constrains which often occurs in pepper's plantation. This disease some time destructive plant fatally. Kejobong subdistrict, Purbalingga is one of the potential area for pepper production, especially in Central Java. Based on the report of pepper farmers in this area, the disease with the visual symptom as mentioned above is well developed nowadays. That is why, however, it need attention to handle the development of pepper plantation in this area. Refer to this problem, the experiment was done aiming to know (1) the genus of fungi and nematodes which are suspected as pathogenic agents to cause the disease; (2) differences of fungi and nematodes between each village and location; (3) the most frequent fungus and nematode found. The research used survey method, sampling was done in this area, represented by Penolih, Bandingan and Kejobong villages. Each village is also represented by three plantations. Fungi were isolated from five sick plants and nematodes from the rizosphere soil around the sick plants. The data were, then, analysed by analysis Model II with the villages as group, genera of fungi and nematodes as sub group and sampling locations as sub-sub group. There were seven genera of fungi found i.e. Phytopthora, Fusarium, Aspergillus, Mucor, Trichoderma, Penicillium and Rhizophus. Statistical analysis shows that (a) there was no differences between the genera of fungi at those three villages, (b) there was no differences between the genera of fungi in each location of those three villages and (c) Phytophthora was found predominantly. There were nine genera of nematodes from the rhizosphere of sick-pepper plants in each location, i.e. Meloidogyne, Tylenchorynchus, Tylenchus, Scutelonemma, Rhabditis, Elicotylenchus, Rotylenchus, Rhadopolus and Crichonemotides.

Availability :
Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 103485

Isolation of soil fungi of pepper plantation attacked by disease at Kejobong subdistrict, Purbalinggo district
Isolasi cendawan tanah pertanaman lada rakyat di wilayah kecamatan Kejobong, Kabupaten Purbalingga yang diserang penyakit

Wahyono, D.J; Mumpuni, A
Faculty of Biology; Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia

Research Report; Purwokerto; Faculty of Biology; Jenderal Soedirman University; 1993; 46p

Abstract:
Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) belongs to plants, which have been long cultivated in Indonesia. At present pepper constitutes one among the export commodity which is very important so that having fairly high economical value. In pepper cultivation the obstacle that is often faced to reach high production crop is mainly pest and disease attacks. In general the attack raises damage that is more severe to the plant compared to the pest attack. Results of this disease attack much influences pepper production in direct way and lowering the economical value of pepper product. One of the disease causes in pepper is soil fungi. In this research the isolation of soil fungi was conducted using dilution method ("the soil dilution plate method"). The approach using survey method with Model II data analysis. As the main group were three village areas i.e. Gumiwang, Langgar, and Pangempon, while the sub group was fungi genera. Taking samples were conducted nine times on each location. The results of soil fungi isolation produced six fungi genera i.e. Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, Phytopthora, Rhizopus, and Trichoderma. Whereas fungi with pathogenic character namely Phytopthora and Fusarium. The result of variation print analysis indicated no difference on the amount of fungi either between sample taking location (villages) or between every genera.

Availability :
Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 103959

Characteristic and mathematics model on the effect of steam pressure on yield of distillate pepper (Piper nigrum L.) oil
Karakteristik dan model matematik pengaruh tekanan uap terhadap rendemen minyak lada (Piper nigrum L.) hasil penyulingan

Ghozali, A
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 91p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104014

Physical and thermophysical characteristics of patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) leaves and pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seeds
Sifat fisik dan thermofisik daun nilam (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) dan biji lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Supriyono
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 143p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104158

Effects of material size and extraction duration on yield and quality of oleoresin of 'linteng' pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pengaruh ukuran bahan dan lama ekstraksi terhadap rendemen dan mutu oleoresin lada linteng (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Soelistyo, I
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 93p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103553

Antagonism test on Trichoderma harzianum, Penicillium chrysogenum and Aspergillus clavatus towards Phytopthora palmivora butler
Uji antagonisme cendawan Trichoderma harzianum, Penicillium chrysogenum dan Aspergillus clavatus Toward terhadap Phytopthora palmivora butler

Purnomowati; Dwiputranto, U; Mumpuni, A
Faculty of Biology; Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia

Research Report; Purwokerto; Faculty of Biology; Jenderal Soedirman University; 1993; 50p

Abstract:
Pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) is a famous and expensive spice plant. It is usually used as a kitchen spice or as a traditional medicine. Pepper is also able to improve farmers income and as a source of devise. Stem rot disease is one of some constraints which is often occurs in peppers plantation. This disease sometime destructive plant fatally. Recently biological control is one of the way to control disease using antagonistic character of microorganism. This character occur due to the effect of microorganism growth association whether qualitative or quantitatively. It will not only providing competition to obtain food and spice but also producing antibiotics from microorganism except the pathogen itself. Those antagonistic characteristic fungi are Trichoderma harzianum, Penicillium chrysogenum and Aspergillus clavatus (Horsfal and Dimond, 1960). The aim of the research was to know (1) the effect of T. harzianum, P. chrysogenum and A. clavatus on the interaction toward Phytophthora palmivora and the type of interaction (2) the strongest fungus in lay stressing P. palmivora. This research used experimental method arranged in a Completely Randomized Design. The treatments were K=control, T=interaction between P. palmivora and T. harzianum, P=interaction between P. palmivora and P. chrysogenum, A=interaction between P. palmivora and A. clavatus. Each of the treatment was replicated five times. Data were analysed by using analysis of variance and followed by Least Significant Difference test when there were any differences. The results showed that (1) T. harzianum, P. chrysogenum and A. clavatus growth supress P. palmivora in highly significant conditions. (2) type of interaction between T. harzianum and P. palmivora was D; type of interaction between P. chrysogenum and P. palmivora was B1; type of interaction between A. clavatus and P. palmivora was B2.

Availability :
Jenderal Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 103719

Extraction and fractionation of antimicrobial bioactive compound on seeds and leaves of black pepper
Ekstraksi dan fraksinasi komponen bioaktif antimikroba dalam biji dan daun lada

Sutedja, L; Agustina, H
Research and Development Centre for Applied Chemistry (RDCAC); Jl.Cisitu-Sangkuriang; Bandung 40135; Indonesia

Jurnal Kimia Terapan Indonesia [Indonesian Applied Chemistry Journal] 4 (2): 40-46 (1994)

Abstract:
In the framework of antimicrobial activity investigation, seeds and leaves of black pepper were fractionated with n-hexane, methanol, chloroform and water consecutively, to isolate the active fractions. The antimicrobial activity was determined by agar plate diffusion method against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6536, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Candida albicans ATCC 10231. Antimicrobial activity against the microbes was not found in the pepper leaf extracts as well as in the n-hexane extract of the seeds. Methanol, chloroform and water extracts of pepper seeds showed antimicrobial activity against S. aureus and C. albicans, however they did show any activity against E. coli. The chloroform extract, which was the most active, was further eluted and fractionated by column chromatography on silica gel, eluted gradually with n-hexane: ethylacetate. Antimicrobial activity determination of the fractions obtained from the column chromatography, indicated that fraction LIV showed the highest activity. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of LIV illustrated the possibility of the presence of several compounds, such as piperanol, palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, Beta-sitosterol and 2(3H)-furanone, 3,4-bis (1,3-benzodioxol-5-dymetyl) dihydro.

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 104392

Effect of fertilization on mother plant and time of cutting to growth of black pepper cutting
Pengaruh pemupukan pohon induk dan waktu pengambilan stek terhadap pertumbuhan stek cabang buah lada (Piper ningrum L.)

Rasnasari, E
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 94p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104393

Utilization of sago waste as a media on seedling of black pepper
Pemanfaatan ampas sagu sebagai media pada pembibitan cabang buah tanaman lada (Piper ningrum L.)

Rukmana, D
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 84p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104394

Effect of dosage and NPK composition on growth of black pepper cutting
Pengaruh dosis dan komposisi NPK terhadap pertumbuhan bibit stek cabang buah lada (Piper ningrum L.)

Rustaman, T
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 89p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104762

Preliminary study of flower biology of some black pepper cultivars
Studi pendahuluan perkembangan bunga beberapa varietas lada

Ernawati, Rr.
Natar Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 8 (2): 56-60 (1993)

Abstract:
A preliminary study of flower biology, in terms of the forms and the stages of flower development of some black pepper cultivars was conducted at the laboratory of Natar Research station for Spice and Medicinal Crops, Lampung. The observation was performed every day on Petaling 1, Petaling 2, Natar 1, Natar 2, Merapin and Paniyur cultivars, from October to November 1990. Results showed that every cultivar has hermaphrodite flowers arranged in spike except for the Natar 2 which has an andromonoceous form. The stigmas are star-like branched, where cvs. Petalling 1 and Paniyur have four branches, Petaling 2, Natar 1 and Natar 2 have three branches and Merapin has two branches. In common, it took 28 to 30 days for a spike to break through the bracket and develops flowers on its whole surface. The differences between the cultivars lies on the time needed to complete each stages of flower development, except for Petaling 1 and Petaling 2.

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 104767


Effects of incubation period and soil and leaves of Gliricidia on the growth of black pepper

Yufdy, M.P
Natar Research Station for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 2 (2): 1-5 (1994)

Abstract:
Gliricidia is a potential leguminous tree being used not only as living post of black pepper but also as a source of organic matter to improve soil physic and soil fertility. A pot experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of gliricidia leaves combined with soil under various incubation periods on black pepper. It was conducted at Natar Research Station for Spice and Medicinal Crops from September 1992 to April 1993. Treatments were incubation period and ratio of soil and leaves. The incubation period consisted of six levels, i.e. given as a mulch without incubation (1), mixture of soil and leaves without incubation (2), 15 (3), 30 (4), 45 (5) and 60 days of incubation (6). The ratio of soil and leaves consisted of three levels i.e. 8:2 (a), 7:3 (b) and 6:4 (c). The treatments were arranged factorially in a Randomized Block Design with 2 replicates. Results showed that leaves of gliricidia created a good growth media for black pepper when it was applied to soil. There was interaction between incubation period and ratio of soil and leaves. The best treatment was ratio of soil and leaves 6:4 incubated for 60 days.

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 104988

Distillation of white pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) waste and the characters of its oil
Penyulingan limbah lada putih (Piper nigrum Linn.) dan karakteristik minyaknya

Iwan
BSc thesis; Bogor; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1992; 68p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 105599

Effects of cow blood serum percentage and number of internodes on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings
Pengaruh persentase serum darah sapi dan jumlah ruas terhadap pertumbuhan turus tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Wahyuni, P
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1995; 60p

Abstract:
The aim of the study was to know the effect at the percentage of cow blood serum and Indole Acetic Acid with internodes number at stem cutting on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings. The experiment was carried out at the Educational and Experimental Station (KP2) of Yogyakarta Agricultural College at Yogyakarta. The experiment started from August to November 1994. The site elevation is 118 m asl. The experimental design used was factorial which arranged in Completely Randomized Design (CRD), consisted of two factors and three replications. The first factor was cow blood serum and Indole Acetic Acid concentration, consisted of five levels, i.e. 0% (P0), 50% (P1), 100% cow blood serum (P2), 20 ppm (P3) and 30 ppm Indole Acetic Acid (P4). The second factor was the internodes number of stem cutting consisted of three levels, i.e. 3 (Y1), 5 (Y2) and 7 internodes (Y3). The results indicated that the cow blood serum can increase the growth of pepper cutting's of all parameters. The 50% cow blood serum concentration and 20 ppm Indole Acetic Acid gives better result. It is also indicated that all the internodes number of stem cutting can performed the same increase of growth of pepper cutting's. There were no interaction between the treatment of cow blood serum and the internodes number of stem cutting and Indole Acetic Acid with the internodes number of pepper cutting's.

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 105623

Effects of medium composition and NAA concentration on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cutting
Berbagai media tanam dan konsentrasi NAA pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada (Piper nigrum L.) satu ruas

Budianto, S
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1994; 80p

Abstract:
The objective was to study the effect of medium composition and NAA concentration on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cutting. The research was conducted at the Education and Research Station of Yogyakarta Agricultural College, located at Maguwoharjo, Sleman, Yogyakarta from 9th February until 10th May 1994. The site elevation was 118 m above sea level. The research was design due to factorial, consisted of two factors and lied out as a Completely Randomized Design and each treatment combination was replicated three times. The first factor was medium composition, consisted of four levels, namely soil:sand (1:1), soil:sawdust:manure (1:1:1), soil:fibre cocoa: manure (1:1:1) and soil:saw manure: fibre cocoa:manure (1:1:1:1). The second factor was NAA concentrations, consisted of four levels, namely 0, 25, 50, and 75 ppm. The results obtained from these research as follows: 1. medium composition soil:fibre cocoa:manure and soil:sawdust:fibre cocoa:manure gave the best effect on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cutting than that of medium composition soil:sand and soil:sawdust:manure; 2. application NAA at various concentrations showed the proper results on growth of pepper cutting than no application, but there was no difference result among NAA concentration (25, 50, and 75 ppm); 3. there were no interaction effect between treatment of the growing medium and NAA concentration.

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 105644

Effects of cutting storage period and IBA concentration on the growth of single-node pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings
Pengaruh lama penyimpanan bahan setek dan konsentrasi IBA terhadap pertumbuhan setek satu mata tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Hardiani, W
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1994; 86p

Abstract:
Study of the storage effect of cutting materials and IBA concentration on the growth of single-node pepper cutting, was held at the Educational and Research Garden located at Maguwoharjo village, Depok subdistrict, Yogyakarta Special Province. The experiment was carried out from August 9 up to December 9, 1993. The purpose of this study was to find out the storage effect of cutting materials prior to planting and the concentration of IBA on the growth of single-nodes pepper cutting. The factorial experiment which consisted of two factors was used in this study. The first and the second factors consisted of 4 levels, and it was arranged due to a Completely Randomized Design (CRD), and replicated three times. The first factor was 3 levels of storage period of the cutting materials (A) that consisted of 4 elements i.e. without storage (A0), 2 (B1), 4 (B2), and 6 days length storage (B3). The second factor was 4 levels of IBA concentrations (B) i.e. without IBA (B0), 500 (B1), 1000 (B2), and 1500 ppm IBA (B3). The following were the results of the experiment: 1. there were no interaction effect of IBA concentration and storage period on the cutting growth; 2. the longer the storage the lower cutting growth (storage period) were negative liniarly related with cutting growth; 3. the trend effect of IBA concentration on the growth of cutting were quadratic with maximum concentration around 1000-1200 ppm.

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 106483

Effect of phosphin fumigation on the microbiological quality of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengaruh fumigasi fosfin terhadap mutu mikrobiologi lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Untari, R
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 89p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 106931

Characteristic of white pepper in East Kalimantan
Penelitian karakteristik lada putih Kalimantan Timur

Burmawi; Lestari, N
Samarinda Research and Development Institute for Industry; East Kalimantan; Indonesia

Buletin Bimada ["Bimada" Bulletin] 5 (3): 15-21 (1995)

Abstract:
The research on the improvement of white pepper processing in East Kalimantan has been conducted. The most influential stage of the white pepper processing is soaking and washing pepper bean. The purpose of the research was to get the best processing to produce white pepper and to know the quality of white pepper from Muara Badak (East Kalimantan) and Loa Janan (East Kalimantan). The analysis of samples were extranous matter, light beries content. The results were comparing with the national standard of Indonesia (SI 0004-1987-B). The improvement of processing is soaking and washing pepper bean in the circulation soaking pepper unit. The results showed that white pepper from Muara Badak were classified into grade L. The class B white pepper from Muara Badak was classified into grade II.

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 105654

Effects of rootone-F concentration and various stable manure on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cutting
Pengaruh konsentrasi rootone-F dan macam pupuk kandang terhadap pertumbuhan turus tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Triatmaji, F
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1994; 52p

Abstract:
The aim of experiment was to know the effect of the Rootone-F concentration and the kind of stable manure on growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cutting. It was carried out at the Educational and Research Station of Yogyakarta Agricultural College located at Maguwoharjo, Depok subdistrict, Sleman district, Yogyakarta Special Province, from November 1993 until January 1994. The elevation of location is 118 m above sea level. The experiment was designed according to factorial, which arranged by a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications. The first factor was Rootone-F concentration (K), consisted of four levels namely control, 20, 40, 60 g/100 ml water. The second factor was the kind of stable manure (P), consisted of four levels namely control, manure of cow, manure of sheep, manure of chicken. The results of this experiment were as follows: 1. there were no interaction between Rootone-F concentration and the kind of manures; 2. the concentration of Rootone-F 40g/100ml water resulted the best growth on cuttings; 3. the chicken manure gave the best growth on cuttings.

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 105663

Effect of mulching and methalaxyl fungicide application on development of foot rot (Phytophthora palmivora Bult.) on pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seedlings
Pengaruh pemberian mulsa dan fungisida metalaksil terhadap perkembangan penyakit busuk pangkal batang (Phytophthora palmivora Bult.) pada bibit lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Nurwati, T
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1994; 73p

Abstract:
To find out the control method of foot rot disease of pepper caused by Phytophthora palmivora, an experiment with combination of two control methods mulching and metalaxyl fungicide application in the soil was conducted at Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta, started from 24 February 1994 until 8 May 1994. The design of the experiment was a Split Split Plot in factorial experiment, with three blocks as replications, and consisted of three factors i.e. soil sterilization, mulching, and dosage of metalaxyl fungicide. Soil sterilization (S) consisted of two levels that were non sterilized soil (S0), and soil was sterilized with hot steam (S1) as main plot. Mulching (M) consisted of three levels, that were without mulching (M0), rice straw mulching (M1), and black polyethylene mulching (M2) as sub plot. Dosage of metalaxyl fungicide (D) consisted of four levels that were without metalaxyl fungicide (D0), metalaxyl fungicide at 0.04 g a.i/polybag (D1), 0.08 g a.i./polybag (D2), and 0.12 g a.i/polybag (D3) as sub-sub plot. There were 24 treatment combinations. Soil sterilization treatment have purpose for knowing the existence of antagonist potential on foot rot disease. The parameter measured in this experiment were incubation period of foot rot, disease intensity, percentage of infected cutting, percentage of sprouting bud, and percentage of life cuttings. Result of the experiment showed that in sterilized soil development of foot rot disease of pepper was faster than in non sterilized soil. This indicated that the soil have potential antagonist on foot rot disease, metalaxyl fungicide, especially at high rate lessened the role of antagonist against P. palmivora. Metalaxyl fungicide alone could effectively control the development of foot rot disease. Rice straw mulching and black polyethylene mulching were not effective in controlling foot rot disease of pepper at the nursery through the increase activity of potential antagonist in soil. From IPC (Intergrated Pest Control) stand point the combination of non sterilized soil treatment x without mulching x metalaxyl fungicide at 0.08 g a.i./polybag (S0M0S2) resulted the best control of foot rot disease.

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 106375

Pepper oil from its waste product
Minyak lada dari limbah olahannya

Kristiawati, R
Trubus 27 (315): 84-85 (1996)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106657

Factors affecting production efficiency of pepper farming at North Lampung district
Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi efisiensi produksi usahatani lada di kabupaten Lampung Utara

Pramastiwi, F.E
Jurnal Sosio Ekonomika [Socio-Economica Journal] 1 (2): 20-28 (1995)

Abstract:
This research intend to investigate factors that contributing on the production of pepper farming system. The research location is in Abung Barat subdistrict as a centre of pepper production in Lampung Province. The research selects randomly 40 respondents. The data was analyzed by using Cobb-Douglas production function. The results indicated that production can only be increased by expansion of farm size. Expansion for about 1 ha could increase yield for about 615 kg assuming that no influence from other production factors. Even, 1 percent increase in labour could reduce production for about 0.2013%. As land will become more limited, it is important to adopt better agricultural practices in order to enhance production.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 106126

Effects of kind of planting material and soaking duration of cutting in NAA solution on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum) cutting
Pengaruh macam bahan tanam dan lama perendaman turus lada pada larutan NAA terhadap pertumbuhan turus lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Widyorini, P
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1994; 61p

Abstract:
Research has been done at the Educational and Research Garden of Yogyakarta Agricultural College in Maguwoharjo, Sleman district. Yogyakarta where the altitude is ñ 118 m above sea level, and regusol soil type. That research has been done for 12 weeks, and began in July 25th, 1993 up to October 25th, 1993. As the aim of this research was to discover a good seedling growth of Piper nigrum Linn., to confirm the kind of material planting, their correct soaking time in the 50 ppm NAA solution. Research design used a factorial Split Split Plot, with 2 factors. The first factor was subplot i.e. kind of material planting, consists of woody climber, woody hanged; and woody soil. The second factor was main plot i.e. soaking time which consists of 0.5; 2.0 and 3.5 hours. This project was arranged to be 3 groups and each treatment combinations consist of 3 group plants found that there was a significant difference between woody climber and woody hanged, but there was no significant difference with woody soil. The interaction of both kind of planting material and soaking time of cutting was in the 50 ppm NAA solution at bud growth. We should use woody climber and cutting soaking time for 2.0 hours in 50 ppm NAA solution as seedlings.

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 106128

Effect of soaking duration of cutting in coconut water and foliar fertilizer application on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cutting
Pengaruh lama perendaman setek dalam air kelapa dan pemberian pupuk daun terhadap pertumbuhan setek lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Tjandra, L
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1994; 105p

Abstract:
The study of the effect on soaking time in the coconut water and the application of foliar fertilizer on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings was caried out at The Educational and Experimental Garden of Yogyakarta Agricultural College, from June 24th until November 15th 1993. A Completely Randomized Design (CRD) was used in this experiment and consisted of two factors; each factor consisted of four and three levels with three replications. The first factor was the treatment of soaking time in the coconut water (H), consisted of soakings for 12 hours (H1), 18 hours (H2), 24 hours (H3), 30 hours (H4). The second factor was the treatment of the application of foliar fertilizer (W), consisted of without the application of foliar fertilizer (W0), the application of foliar fertilizer once a week (W1), and once every two weeks (W2). The conclusions of the experiment were as follows: 1. the soaking time in the coconut water did not influence the growth in the growing pan but the growth of cuttings, the result showed that soaking pepper cuttings in coconut water for 24 hours was better than other treatments; 2. the application of foliar fertilizer influenced all parametes, the result showed that the application of foliar fertilizer once a week was better than other treatments; 3. there were no interaction between the soaking pepper cuttings in coconut water and the application of foliar fertilizer on the growth of pepper cuttings.

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 106512

Drying of black pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) seeds by absorption method using CaO
Pengeringan biji lada (Piper nigrum Linn.) secara absorpsi dengan kapur api (CaO)

Hakim, B
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; 1995; 111p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 106929

Effect of particle size of black pepper waste on yield of oleoresin
Pengaruh ukuran partikel limbah lada hitam terhadap rendemen oleoresin

Warganegara, E
Palembang Industrial Institute; Sumatera; Indonesia

Dinamika Penelitian BIPA [Research Dynamics of the Palembang Industrial Institute] 3 (6): 46-53 (1993)

Abstract:
The oleoresin from waste black pepper is influenced by particle size. Organic solvent to be used are petroleum spirit. In this research particle size content were 40, 60, 80 mesh and granullar. The best result indicated by particle size 60 mesh with the yield of oleoresin 4.7%, density 1,376, moisture content of waste black pepper 9.52%, the colour of oleoresin was green light. However the result was too far from hope standard (10-13%).

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107046

Effects of concentration and soaking duration in rootone F on the growth of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seedlings
Pengaruh konsentrasi dan lama perendaman dalam rootone F terhadap pertumbuhan bibit lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Supriyadi
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; 1995; 139p

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 106656

Analysis of production factors on pepper farming at Abung Barat subdistrict, Lampung Province
Analisis faktor produksi pada usahatani lada di Kecamatan Abung Barat, Propinsi Lampung

Muchlas; Deslina; Murni, A.M
Jurnal Sosio Ekonomika [Socio-Economics Journal] 1 (2): 12-19 (1995)

Abstract:
The aim of this study was (1) to measure production efficiency of Smallholding Sugarcane Intensification (TRI) farming in North Lampung District and (2) identifying factors affecting the efficiency. A farm survey was designed to interview farmers growing sugarcane with credit (TRIT) and without credit (TRNK) in first year sugarcane (TRIT 1) and second year sugarcane (TRIT II). Production efficiency was measured by using the frontier production function. The second objective was analyzed by using regression analysis. The results showed that the average production efficiency of TRIT and TRNK farmings was still inefficient, indicating that the production inputs were applied properly and allocated optimally. The production efficiency of TRNK farming was higher than that of TRIT. The efficiency level was affected by farm size, farmers experience, farmers'origin, soil condition and milling period. The study concluded that sugarcane production in North Lampung District could be increased through both area expansion and intensification programme. The study suggested that the effort to enlarge sugarcane area should be prioritized for more efficient large scale farming.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 107058

Study on ZPT IBA concentration and various cut forms on pepper (Piper nigrum L.) seeding
Kajian konsentrasi ZPT IBA dan berbagai bentuk torehan pada pembibitan lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Tusijawati, T
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; 1994; 72p

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 107083

Effects of various plant growth regulators and bud position on the rooting of one internode pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cutting
Pengaruh beberapa macam zat pengatur tumbuh dan letak mata terhadap perakaran stek lada (Piper nigrum L.) satu mata

Dwiastuti, K.H
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; 1992; 50p

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 107097

Study on microencapsulation of pepper oleoresin by using spray dryer
Studi mikroenkapsulasi oleoresin lada menggunakan pengering semprot

Sudibyo, A; Djubaedah, E; Suprapto; Nasyirudin
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta IHP (Industri Hasil Pertanian) [Journal of Agro-based Industry] 12 (1-2): 85-90 (1995)

Abstract:
Microencapsulation of pepper oleoresin was conducted by using spray dryer in which gelatin, Tween 80, sodium alginat and dextrin were the wall material and pepper oleoresin and lecithin were the core material. The influence of solids concentration and drying condition on the product of microencapsulation and the retention of piperine and volatile oil were evaluated. It was found that higher solid concentration will increase the retention of the piperine and volatile oil. Drying temperature, however, may decrease the content of piperine and volatile oil in the product microencapsulated.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107100

Research on taste and flavour fixation of pepper
Penelitian fiksasi rasa dan aroma lada

Djubaedah, E; Astuti, T.P
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta IHP (Industri Hasil Pertanian) [Journal of Agro-based Industry] 11 (1-2): 15-20 (1994)

Abstract:
The aim of the research was to study the quality changes of flavour fixatives on pepper (Piper nigrum) during storage and its acceptance by consumers. Two fixation formulas were made i.e. (a) cellulose microstalline/ sorbitol, and (b) cellulose microstalline/sucrose. Shelf life of the fixative products were tested every 2 weeks for 6 weeks on their piperin content, moisture content, microbes, aroma stability, and preference test on aroma and taste. The products of (b) was relatively better than those of (a) in terms of its piperin content which was 0.70% and the reduction of aroma was 0.8% after 6 weeks of storage, while the products of (a) had piperin content of 0.60% and the reduction of aroma was 4.8% after 6 weeks. Taste panel showed that the product using sorbitol was preferred to those of sucrose. The shelf life did not change after 6 weeks.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107122

Experiment of pepper oil processing originate from East Kalimantan
Uji coba pengolahan minyak lada dari Kalimantan Timur

Fauziati
Samarinda Research and Development Institute for Industry; East Kalimantan; Indonesia

Buletin Bimada [Bimada Bulletin] 2 (3): 28-45 (1994)

Abstract:
The experiment of pepper oil processing was conducted. Pepper used in this experiment were black and white pepper from Muara Badak and Loa Janan subdistricts, East Kalimantan. The parameters tested in this experiment were the physical (specific gravity of 25oC temperature, refraction index of 20oC temperature) and chemical properties (acid number and saponification number). This experiment resulted yield range of 1.65% to 2.56%. The yield of black and white pepper from Muara Badak subdistrictwas higher than that of pepper from Loa Janan subdistrict. Based on EOA specification and standard both pepper from that two locations can be used as raw material on pepper oil processing.

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107141

Crop improvement and cultivation of black pepper


Wahid, P; Zaubin, R
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal 15 (2): 27-30 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107142

Disease management on pepper


Sitepu, Dj.
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal 15 (2): 31-37 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107143

Handling and processing of pepper


Rusli, Sy; Nurdjannah, N
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal 15 (2): 38-43 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107248

Preliminary study of juice of 'sirih' bettle leaves, pepper and 'cabe jawa' on the growth of Phytophthora palmivora
Kajian pendahuluan cairan perasan daun sirih, lada dan cabe jawa terhadap pertumbuhan jamur Phytophthora palmivora

Darsam; Soesanto, L; Pudjiastuti, C
Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dalam Rangka Pemanfaatan Pestisida Nabati [Proceedings of the Research Result Seminar on the Utilization of Plant Pesticides]; Bogor 1-2 Desember 1993; 1994; p65-69

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107250

Efficacy of black pepper powder on Sitophilus zeamais
Efikasi bubuk lada hitam terhadap Sitophilus zeamais

Mardiningsih, T.L; Tobing, S.L
Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dalam Rangka Pemanfaatan Pestisida Nabati [Proceedings of the Research Result Seminar on the Utilization of Plant Pesticides]; Bogor 1-2 Desember 1993; 1994; p101-105

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107311

Effect of size reduction and distillation duration on yield and physico chemical characteristics of pepper (Piper nigrum L.) oil
Pengaruh pengecilan ukuran dan lama penyulingan terhadap rendemen dan sifat fisika kimia minyak lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Purnomo, H
Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1993; 60p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Kampus Maguwoharjo; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 107399

Effect of extract and root exudate of leguminous plants on development and growth of Phytophthora capsicii
Pengaruh ekstrak dan eksudat akar leguminose terhadap perkembangan dan pertumbuhan Phytophthora capsici

Hendra, J; Firdausil AB; Isnaini, S
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; P.O.Box 16; Bandar Lampung 35144; Sumatera; Indonesia

Jurnal Fitopatologi [Phytopathological Journal] 3 (31): 13-20 (1996)

Abstract:
Study on the effect of leguminous root exudate on Phytophthora capsicii was carried out at Laboratory and Greenhouse of Natar Assessment Station for Agricultural Technology. Exudates of bengkuang, soybean and F. congesta were applied in different concentrations. Results indicated that there were no significant differences between exudate treatments on the development of colony, and production and germination of zoospora of P. capsicii. However, root extract of P. congesta suppressed colony diameter, zoospora production and germination of P. capsicii zoospore. Extract of bengkuang also suppressed growth of colony and germination of spores, while root extract of soybean suppressed only the growth of colony.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 107538

Response of some black pepper cultivars on the agroclimatic condition on Pandu (North Sulawesi)
Respon beberapa varietas lada terhadap kondisi agroklimat Pandu (Sulawesi Utara)

Nuryani, Y; Wahid, P; Rahayuningsih
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Journal] 1 (2): 77-82 (1995)

Abstract:
During 1989-1994, eight cultivars of black pepper, namely Kuching, Petaling 2, Bangka, Sedeng Jakarta, Natar I, Pulau laut A, Lampung Daun Kecil (LDK) and Petalling 1, were tested for their responses to agroclimatic condition of Pandu (North Sulawesi). The experiment was designed according to Randomized Block with three replications. Results showed that Petaling 2 produced the best growth and quality of black pepper, while the best production was Petalling 1. Differences in growth between cultivars in the agroclimatic condition of Pandu were indicated by the length and width of leaves and the length of primary branches. While differences in yield component was indicated by the number of berries per spike.

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107497

Effect of light duration on formation of Phytophthora capsici oospora in inoculated leaves of black pepper
Pengaruh lama pencahayaan terhadap pembentukan oospora Phytophthora capsici pada daun lada

Manohara, D; Farida; Barus, T
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Tajuk (Majalah Ilmiah Pertanian) [Agricultural Science Journal] 2 (5): 12-19 (1996)

Abstract:
Study on oospores formation in inoculated leaves of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and incubated at different light duration, were conducted in Bogor Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops. Two isolates of Phytophthora capsici used were isolated from North Lampung (tipe mating A1) and South Lampung (tipe mating A2). Those two isolates were inoculated on leaf-cuttings at 5 cm distance. The inoculated leaves were incubated under TL fluorescent light with 600 lux. The duration of light consisted of 0, 6, 12, 18 and 24 hours. Observation on the development of the symptom were carried out at 7, 14 and 21 days after two symptoms coalesced. Based on the daily observation, the two symptoms met after 4 days inoculation. Oospores were found seven days after two symptoms coalesced but still in a few numbers and only at the line of the two symptoms coalesced. The longer the incubation periods, the higher the total oospores were formed, and already scattered to all leaf-cuttings. The optimum condition for producing oospores was in the darkness. Duration of light for more than 6 hours was able to inhibit the oospores production.

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107733

In vitro propagation of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pebanyakan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.) secara in vitro

Hadiyono; Zulkarnain
Faculty of Agriculture; Jambi University; Jambi; Sumatera; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Hasil Penelitian Perguruan Tinggi [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the University Research Result], 5-9 Februari 1992, Cisarua-Bogor; 1993; p409-423

Abstract:
An experiment to study the effect of media composition, auxin and cytokinin concentrations on the growth and development of hypocotyl culture of pepper was conducted at The Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory, College of Agriculture- Jambi University from September 1989 until October 1990. Media compositions (MS, B-5 WPM), NAA concentrations (0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 ppm) and BA concentrations (0.0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 ppm) were used to culture the pepper hypocotyl explants. The experiment was arranged in a factorial and it was designed due to Completely Randomized Design with 3 factors and 5 replications. The results indicated that the percentage of explants forming callus was not affected by the media compositions, NAA and BA concentrations, and its interaction with concentrations even single nor their interactions. It was shown that media composition affected roots number, and also the interaction between NAA and BA concentrations. All treatments applied either single or their interaction showed highly significant effect on root length. Significant effect was obtained by the interaction of NAA and BA concentrations on shoots number, and even on shoot length. This interaction was highly significant, as well as the interactions between NAA and BA concentrations and media composition. NAA concentration gave highly significant effect on shoot number, but media composition contributed significant effect only.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 107827

Prospect on developing of pepper for export in order to increase the farmer's income
Prospek pengembangan lada perdu untuk ekspor dalam meningkatkan pendapatan petani

Pujiharti, Y; Dwiwarni, I; Muchlas
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; P.O. Box 16; Bandar Lampung 35144; Sumatera; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development Journal] 14 (4): 79-85 (1995)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107828

Controlling and utilization of weed in pepper plantation
Pengendalian dan pemanfaatan gulma pada perkebunan lada

Murni, A.M
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; P.O. Box 16; Bandar Lampung 35144; Sumatera; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development Journal] 14 (4): 86-91 (1995)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 108107

Bushy black pepper (Piper nigrum)
Tanaman lada perdu

Syahir, M; Zaubin, R; Wahid, P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah & Obat (Littro) [Special Edition of Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 10 (1): 1-6 (1994)

Abstract:
As an export oriented commodity, black pepper is one of the sources of foreign exchange to the country. Due to over-supply in the world market there seems to occur high competition among the producing countries. Strengthening its competitive advantage, Indonesia should look for a break-through in order to be superior in the competition. One of the steps taken is to develop bushy black pepper, which is more superior than the common black pepper plant, either from finance analysis or from technical points of view. However, the development will not succeed if the propagation technique is not improved properly.

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 108131

Effects of dosages and NPK composition on growth of plagiotropic pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cuttings
Pengaruh dosis dan komposisi NPK terhadap pertumbuhan bibit setek cabang buah lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Wiroatmodjo, J; Syahir, M; Rustaman, T
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Peragi (Persatuan Agronomi Indonesia) [Bulletin of the Indonesian Association for Agronomy] 2 (1-2): 17-21 (1994)

Abstract:
The experiment aims to find agronomic means in hastening growth of plagiotropic pepper cuttings. The experiment was carried out in the greenhouse of Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops (Balittro) Bogor from May until December 1993. Plagiotropic pepper cuttings of Lampung Wide Leaf (LWL) with internodes and two leaves were planted in growth media of latosol Cimanggu mixed with manure i.e. 4:1 in volume. The experiment were arranged in (Partial Hierachal Experiments Design) with two factors and three replications. The experiment were arranged due to Partial Hierachal Experiments Design with two dummy factors and three replications. First factor was NPK dosage, namely 6 g NPK/6 kg media (D1) and 12 g NPK/6 kg media (D2). The second was NPK compositions, i.e. 1:1:1 (K1), 1:1:2 (K2), 1:2:1 (K3), 1:2:2 (K4), 2:1:1 (K5), 2:1:2 (K6) and 2:2:1 (K7), aside from control of K0. The treatments of NPK increased all observed parameters of leaves number, root fresh and dry weight, and shoot fresh and weight compared to control treatments. But the 12 g NPK treatments decreased the parameters compared to 6 g NPK. The increment of 6 to 12 g NPK had decreased growth though not inhibited. Best cutting growth were obtained from 6 g NPK and composition of 1:2:1 in terms of leaves number, fresh and dry weight of roots, shoots and followed by 6 g NPK with combinations of 2:2:1, both were significantly different with control. Whereas dosages of 12 g NPK with composition of 2:1:1 and 2:1:2 produced inferior parameters compared to control.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 108148

Distribution of pepper farming income in Ogan Lima, Lampung
Distribusi pendapatan usahatani lada di Ogan Lima Lampung

Muchlas; Kemala, Sy; Murni, A.M
Research Institute for Tobacco and Fibre Crops (RITFC); Malang; East Java; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Journal] 1 (1): 1-6 (1995)

Abstract:
Distribution of pepper farming income was studied in Ogan Lima, Lampung in September 1994. The location was considered to meet the requirement of the study, as it was one of the largest pepper areas in Abung Barat district. In this location pepper has been cultivated for a long time so that much information about pepper farming could be collected. Apart of the pepper, recently the farmers has planted coffee among pepper stands. Data were collected by stratified random sampling. Farmers were divided into two groups. The first group involved the farmers who cultivated a monoculture pepper, and the second group involved those who mix-cropped pepper with coffee. Each group consisted of 20 respondents (farmers). The income imbalance was measured with Gini index. Results showed that the two groups of farmers had a low income imbalance with a gini infex of 0.14 (group 1) and 0.13 (group 2) respectively.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 109118

Effects of plant growth regulator application and detached of leaves area on cutting growth of pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.)
Pengaruh pemberian zat perangsang tumbuhan dan pengurangan luas daun terhadap pertumbuhan stek tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn.)

Fauziah, N.L
S1 thesis; Lampung; Faculty of Teachers' Training and Education Science; Lampung University; 1995; 91p

Availability :
Lampung University; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 110162

Effect of fungi medium age, Nomuraea rileyi to Dasynus piperis China mortality on black pepper
Pengaruh beberapa tingkat umur biakan jamur Nomuraea rileyi terhadap kematian Dasynus piperis China pada tanaman lada

Nazar, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional; Tantangan Entomologi pada Abad XXI [Proceedings of the National Seminar on Entomology Challenge in 21st Century] di Bogor Januari 1997; p87-90

Abstract:
This research had been conducted at Lampung Assessment Station for Agricultural Technology (LPTP) from June to August 1996. The objective is to study long live of N. rileyi medium which is still effective for D. piperis control. The experiment used randomized block design with 7 treatments (level of N. rileyi long live medium: control, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 days), in 4 replicates. Each treatment medium was infested with 10 D. piperis adults. Results showed that the most effective medium is 12 days long live medium level, than followed by 9 days and 15 days level.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 108169

Effect of Nomuraea rileyi spores concentration on pepper stem borers
Pengaruh tingkat konsentrasi spora jamur Nomuraea rileyi terhadap penggerek batang lada

Nazar, A; Karmawati, E; Hendra, J
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Journal] 1 (6): 291-295 (1996)

Abstract:
Biological control is one of the components in the Integrated Pest Management. The use of several levels of Nomuraea rileyi spores had been studied at Natar Sub Station from September to December 1994. The objective of the research was to find out the optimum spores concentration to control pepper stem borer, Lophobaris piperis. The treatments were spore concentration of 5 x 1.e-1, 5 x 1.e-2, 5 x 1.e-3, 5 x 1.e-4, 5 x 1.e-5 and control. Those were arranged due to Randomized Block Design with four replications and 10 imagos of L. piperis were infected to each treatment. The results showed that the highest concentration of spore could cause the mortality until 3 out of ten. Pathogenicity of all concentration level were significantly different compared to control. Concentration of 5 x 1.e-1 caused last number of eggs laid. The lowest weight of feed resulted from the concentration of 5 x 1.e-1 and 5 x 1.e-2.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 108687

Physiological observation to stunted disease of pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Pengamatan fisiologis tanaman lada yang terserang penyakit kerdil

Firdausil, A.B; Ellyzarti; Pramudiyanti
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; P.O. Box 16; Bandar Lampung 35144; Sumatera; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biologi XV [Proceedings of the 15th National Seminar on Biology]; PBI Cabang Lampung - Unila; Bandar Lampung, 24-26 Juli 1997; Buku II: 615-618 (1997)

Abstract:
The cause of the stunted disease on pepper has not been identified yet. Firdausil (1988) suggested that the disease was caused by microplasma-like organisms. The experiment had been conducted in December 1995 to January 1996 to analyze the sample of pepper suffering plant, collected from LPTP plantation in Natar. Plant sample with several levels of disease (0, 1.25, 26-75 and 76-100%), were analysed in Plant Physiological and Chemical Laboratory, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of Lampung University. The results indicated that chlorophyll content of suffering pepper plant for disease varied for each level of the disease. The higher level of the disease the lower the chlorophyll content of the plant; whereas the nitrogen total per gram dry weight of pepper plant significantly was not affected the disease.

Availability :
Siagian, M.H; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 109011

Nematode trapping fungi and their use as plant diseases biocontrol agents
Jamur penjerat nematoda dan pemanfaatannya sebagai agensia pengendali hayati nematoda parasit tanaman

Nazarudin, S.B
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Kongres XIV dan Seminar Nasional Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 14th Congress and National Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society], Palembang 27-29 Oktober 1997; Vol II; p202-208

Abstract:
Plant parasitic nematode may cause serious crop damage and losses. Therefore, an effective, cheap, safe, practical and environmental friendly control measures need to be developed to minimise the damage and losses caused by the pathogen. Nematode trapping fungi is one nematode natural enemy which can be further developed as a promising biocontrol agent. Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops has collected three nematode trapping fungi i.e. Arthrobotyrs sp., Dactylaria sp. and Dactylella sp. isolated from black pepper plantation in Bangka and ginger field in Cianjur. The most common technique to detect the presence of the fungi in the soil is baiting technique or feeding the fungi with nematode in agar media.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 109302

Development of Radophalus sp. population on pepper (Piper nigrum Linn) and some Leguminosae species
Perkembangan populasi (Radophalus sp.) pada tanaman lada (Piper nigrum Linn) dan beberapa jenis tanaman leguminosae

Nefiati
S1 thesis; Lampung; Faculty of Agriculture; Lampung University; 1994; 50p

Availability :
Lampung University; Lampung; Indonesia




NO. 108702

Optimal of production potential of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) by periodical pruning
Optimalisasi potensi produksi lada (Piper nigrum L.) melalui pemangkasan secara periodik

Murni, A.M
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; P.O. Box 16; Bandar Lampung 35144; Sumatera; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biologi XV [Proceedings of the 15th National Seminar on Biology]; PBI Cabang Lampung - Unila; Bandar Lampung, 24-26 Juli 1997; Buku III: 1021-1025 (1997)

Abstract:
Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is a climbing vine that usually grown by using either living or dead supports. In Lampung where black pepper has been cultivated with living supports, the vines can reach as high as 8-12 m. Under this condition, sunlight penetration to the lower branches would be lower which may inhibit the growth of fruiting branches. Moreover, the yield was determined by the number of fruiting branches and other yield relating components such as number and length of branches, number of internodes, reaps and nodes. Periodical pruning every three months during the vegetative periods of vines will benefit for (1) inhibiting vertical growth and promoting lateral growth, (2) stimulating the growth fruiting branches, (3) increasing number of nodes and internodes in each branch (4) promoting the elongation of branches, and (5) increasing the amount of light received by leaves of the lower branches. All of these could potentially increase the production of black pepper.

Availability :
Sulistiarini, D; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 108719

Effect of pruning high on growth of shoot of three cultivars of potted parent peppers
Pengaruh tinggi pangkasan terhadap pertumbuhan tunas tiga varietas lada induk mini

Rr. Ernawati; Slameto; Suprapto
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; P.O. Box 16; Bandar Lampung 35144; Sumatera; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biologi XV [Proceedings of the 15th National Seminar on Biology]; PBI Cabang Lampung - Unila; Bandar Lampung, 24-26 Juli 1997; Buku III: 1158-1160 (1997)

Abstract:
A study was conducted to assess the growth of shoot of three pepper cultivars at parents of a little garden after the pruning with different heigh of pruning. Three pepper cultivars tested were Natar 2 (VA), Petalling 1 (VB) and Petalling 1 (VC), with high of pruning from bassal: 3, 5 and 7 leaves. The treatments arranged factorially in a Randomized Completely Block Design with five replicates. The results indicated that Petalling 1 showed better growth than the other cultivars. The treatment of height of shoot pruning from base until 7 leaves at three pepper cultivars tested results significantly higher of shoot and number of leaves than the other pruning treatments.

Availability :
Sulistiarini, D; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 108726

The role of concentration of white pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) and ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosch.) rhizome powders as potectants for mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek.) seeds, cv. Betet against bruchids (Callosobruchus spp.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)
Peran konsentrasi tepung lada putih (Piper nigrum Linn.) dan tepung rimpang jahe (Zingiber officinale Rosch.) sebagai protektan pada biji kacang hijau (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek.) varietas Betet terhadap serangan kumbang Bruchids (Callosobruchus spp.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)

Baskoro, A.P; Agus, Y.H; Adam, N
Faculty of Agriculture; Satya Wacana Christian University; Salatiga; Central Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biologi XV [Proceedings of the 15th National Seminar on Biology]; PBI Cabang Lampung - Unila; Bandar Lampung, 24-26 Juli 1997; Buku III: 1230-1233 (1997)

Abstract:
This research was undertaken to determine both the concentration of white pepper and ginger powders which could control bruchids on mungbean seeds, and to compare the effect of concentration of white pepper and ginger powders on the development of bruchids associated with mungbean seeds. The pepper and ginger powders were tested at a concentrations 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2% of seed weight. The research showed that treatment of seeds of mungbean with white pepper powder at all concentrations showed significant effect in decreasing the longevity of both male and female imago, resulting in a decreasing number of eggs laid per female imago, the number of eggs hatched to become larvae, the number of pupae, the number of imago which emerged from the seeds, and the weight of mungbean seeds, respectively; whereas ginger powder treatment at all concentration seeds of mungbean do not have significant effect on decreased the longevity of both male and female imago, the number of eggs laid per female imago, the number of eggs hatched to become larvae, the number of pupae, the number of imago which emerged from the seeds, and the weight of mungbean seeds, respectively.

Availability :
Sulistiarini, D; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 110172

Effects of type foods and light intensity against development of pepper stemborer
Pengaruh jenis pakan dan intensitas cahaya terhadap perkembangan hama penggerek batang lada (Lophobaris piperis Marsh.)

Taufiq, E; Deciyanto, S; Alwi, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional; Tantangan Entomologi pada Abad XXI [Proceedings of the National Seminar on Entomology Challenge in 21st Century] di Bogor Januari 1997; p189-197

Abstract:
Experiment was carried out in Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops Laboratoy from August to December 1996. The objective of the study was to find out the optimum food and light intensity for development of pepper stemborer to support the suply of insects used in experiment. Factorial randomized block design was used in experiment. The first factor was type foods namely young fruit, young stem and young leaf. The second factor was light intensity i.e. 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%. The results of this experiment showed that young stem and 50% light intensity were optimum for development of pepper stemborer in laboratory.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 109037

Determination of the occurrence of suppressive soils to foot rot in black pepper fields
Penentuan keberadaan tanah supresif terhadap penyakit busuk pangkal batang di pertanaman lada

Ginting, C
Faculty of Agriculture; Lampung University; Bandar Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Prosiding Kongres XIV dan Seminar Nasional Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 14th Congress and National Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society], Palembang 27-29 Oktober 1997; Vol II; p320-325

Abstract:
Efficacy of biological controls are depending on several factors; one of the factor is the strategy in the selection of the biological agent to be used. Post identification of suppressive soils, may be used as an effective source for biocontrol agent. The purpose of this experiment was to determine the existence of suppressive soils in black pepper plantation in relation with foot rot disease caused by Phytophthora capsici Leonian (P. palmivora MF4). To serve this purpose, two black pepper plantations were selected with high percentage of attacks, thus contains small amount of healthy plants. It was assumed that the soils around these healthy plants were suppressive. The level of suppression is determined with transferring the selected pathogen by using black pepper leaves as bio-indicator and with attacking percentage in sterile soil mixed with the suppressive soil with different portions. Bacterial and fungal populations in the mixed soil and suppressive soil and in conducive soil (taken from soil around the sick plants), was determined with PDA added with rosenbengal, streptomycin and chlorampenocal and extract agar soil. The assumed suppressive soil showed its suppression as indicated by low percentage of attacks of this soil is having bigger portion. Fungal density in the soil originated from the suppressive soil was higher than density of un-conducived soil.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 109038

Antagonistic test of Bacillus isolates against Phytopthora palmivora isolates
Uji antagonistik beberapa isolat Bacillus terhadap pertumbuhan tiga isolat Phytophthora palmivora

Darsam
Faculty of Agriculture; General Soedirman University; Purwokerto; Central Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Kongres XIV dan Seminar Nasional Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 14th Congress and National Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society], Palembang 27-29 Oktober 1997; Vol II; p326-329

Abstract:
Members of Bacillus are known to be able to suppress plant pathogens development and Phytophthora palmivora is one of plant pathogen which may infect roots, pods etc. of cultivated crops. Based on this background, a research had been conducted to investigate the antagonistic mechanisms of five Bacillus isolates against three P. palmivora isolates. The research consisted of two steps, the first step was to investigate the effects of five Bacillus isolates (B. subtilis BS-2, Bacillus isolated from uncultivated soil, coconut cultivation, cocoa cultivation and black pepper cultivation) on P. palmivora isolated from coconut, black pepper and cocoa. The second step was to investigate the effect of selected Bacillus isolate (isolated from cocoa) on the pathogen isolates. The results showed that all of five Bacillus isolates could suppress the development of all Phytophthora isolates. The best antagonist was Bacillus subtilis BS-2, followed by Bacillus isolated from cocoa.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 109053

Screening for fungal biocontrol agents against Phytophthora capsici Leonian (P. palmivora MF4) causing foot rot on black pepper
Skrining jamur antagonis terhadap Phytophthora capsici Leonian (P. palmivora MF.) penyebab busuk pangkal batang lada

Ginting, C
Faculty of Agriculture; Lampung University; Bandar Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia

Prosiding Kongres XIV dan Seminar Nasional Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 14th Congress and National Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society], Palembang 27-29 Oktober 1997; Vol II; p406-410

Abstract:
The foot rot disease in black pepper caused by Phytophthora capsici Leonian (P. palmivora MF) is remain a disease which causing economic lost. To overcome this problem there was an awareness to apply such a cross sector control including biocontrol. The purpose of this experiment was to determine to potentially biocontrol agent in suppressing the growth of foot rot pathogen in in-vitro conditions, and to study its efficacy in controlling the disease. In-vitro test was conducted by growing both of them in one petridish; meanwhile for efficacy test, using the black pepper leaves cutting placed in plastic pots. Results showed that in in-vitro conditions, some isolates of this fungi could suppress the growth of P. capsici, and has significant effect in controlling the development of the disease.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 109212

The effects of various media and micro fertilizer to controlling stunted disease on pepper plant
Pengaruh berbagai media dan pupuk mikro pada pengendalian penyakit kerdil lada

A.B, Firdausil; Hendra, J
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; P.O. Box 16; Bandar Lampung 35144; Sumatera; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XIII dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 13th National Congress and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society]; Mataram, 25-27 September 1995; p199-201

Abstract:
The aim of this experiment is to obtain a suitable method for controlling stunted disease of pepper plant using different combination of media (compost, breed, soil) and micro fertilizer. Results of experiment showed that the media of compost and soil was able to control and reduce the occurrence of stunted disease in pepper plant; if it was mixed with micro fertilizer it was able to depress the intensity of stunted disease (24.98%) compared to treatment with compleal (25.72%) and gandasil fertilizer (26.3%).

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 109183

Control of negative effects of gamal (Gliricidia maculata) on black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) growth
Pengendalian pengaruh buruk pohon gamal terhadap pertumbuhan lada

Murni, A.M; Zaubin, R
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; P.O. Box 16; Bandar Lampung 35144; Sumatera; Indonesia

Jurnal AGROTROPIKA [AGROTROPIKA Journal] 2 (2): 22-28 (1997)

Abstract:
The negative effects of living post such as Gliricidia maculata on black pepper could be a results of competition for light and nutrition between them or as a result of production of allelopathic compound of the living post that inhibits the growth of black pepper. This study was aimed to asses the effects of planting hole of black pepper, ring barking of living post and mulching by biomass from pruning of living post on the growth of black pepper. The experiment was conducted in Experimental Station, Natar, South Lampung, using factorial experiment arranged in a Randomized Block Design with two replications and nine vines each treatment. The treatments tested were: I. two kinds of planting hole of black pepper including: A) traditional planting hole and B) 80cm x 60cm x 60cm. II. Four levels of ring barking of living post i.e. 1) without ring barking, 2) 1/4 ring barking, 3) 1/2 ring barking and 4) 3/4 ring barking. III. Mulching by biomass from pruning of living post consisted of with and without mulching. The results showed that there were significant interaction among the treatments of planting hole of black pepper, ring barking of living post and mulching by biomass from pruning of living post. The best growth of black pepper was showed by the combination treatments of planting hole of (80 cm x 60cm x 60cm), 3/4 ring barking and mulching treated plot.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 109213

The effects of inoculation time and number of inoculum of Radopholus sp. on the symptom appearance of yellow disease of pepper
Pengaruh waktu inokulasi dan jumlah inokulan Radopholus sp. terhadap timbulnya gejala penyakit kuning pada lada

A.B, Firdausil; Hendra, J; Elyzarti
Natar Service of Agricultural Technological Study; P.O. Box 16; Bandar Lampung 35144; Sumatera; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XIII dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 13th National Congress and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society]; Mataram, 25-27 September 1995; p202-206

Abstract:
Radopholus sp. in black pepper root is the main cause of yellow disease. It is found that there is interaction between number of inoculant period and post inoculation. Inoculation of Radopholus sp. suppress plant growth; in contrast there was no effect of nitrogen treatment on the number of inoculant. There is relationship between all inoculation treatments with time after inoculation, the longer time after inoculation the more suppression of plant growth.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 109233

The interaction between nematodes, other microorganism and environmental factors
Interaksi antara nematoda dengan organisme lain dan faktor lingkungan

Mustika, I; Rachmat S., A; Suparman, U
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XIII dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 13th National Congress and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society]; Mataram, 25-27 September 1995; Indonesia; Mataram, 25-27 September 1995; p341-344

Abstract:
A field experiment on the interaction between nematodes and microorganisms and other environmental factors was conducted in Bangka during 1994/1995. Four antagonist microorganisms namely Arthrobotrys sp., Dactylaria sp., Dactylella sp. and bacteria Pasteuria penetrans in combination with organic matters namely cow dung, chicken dung, sawdust, soybean pellet, mulch of sedge grass (Imperata cylindrica), mulch of Gliricidia, Organic Soil Treatment (OST), compared with a combination of each microorganism with Furadan and Control (without organic matter). The experiment was done in a Split Plot Design with three replicates. Based on the percentage of yellows disease occurred in each treatment and nematodes population in the soil recorded one year after planting, showed that Arthrobotrys sp., Dactylaria sp., Dactylella sp. and P. penetrans were 14.56, 11.86, 14.07, and 8.89% respectively. There was a significant interaction between nematodes and those microorganisms on the occurence of yellows disease and population of M. incognita, but no significant effect on the population of R. similis.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 110083

Effects of vitamin B1 and coconut water concentration on growth of black pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) cutting
Pengaruh konsentrasi vitamin B1 dan konsentrasi air kelapa terhadap pertumbuhan dan perkembangan stek lada (Piper nigrum Linn)

Rahayu, T
S1 thesis; Jember; Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; 1997; 97p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; Jember; East Java; Indonesia




NO. 110122

Effect of some concentration of NAA (Naphtalen Acetic Acid) on successfully of pepper cutting
Pengaruh beberapa konsentrasi NAA (Asam Naftalen Asetat) terhadap keberhasilan stek lada (Piper nigrum L.) dari sulur panjat dan sulur buah

Susetiowati
S1 thesis; Lampung; Faculty of Agriculture; Lampung University; 1995; 41p

Availability :
Lampung University; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 110175

Distribution pattern of eggs parasitoid of pepper-bug in Bangka
Pola sebaran parasitoid telur hama buah pada tanaman lada di Bangka

Deciyanto, S; Asnawi, Z
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional; Tantangan Entomologi pada Abad XXI [Proceedings of the National Seminar on Entomology Challenge in 21st Century] di Bogor Januari 1997; p216-225

Abstract:
The objective of this study is to search the distribution pattern of egg parasitoid of pepper-bug in Bangka pepper plantations. Sampling was conducted within plants with six smallholder plantations which consisting 500 to 600 six-year-old-plant, there of them were treated by clean weeding and remaining unweeding. Distribution pattern of egg parasitoids pepper-bug was observed vertically and horizontally. Vertical distribution pattern was specified in three parts (upper, medium and below) of plant high. While horizontal distribution of parasitoid was specified in the north, south, west, east and centre of plantation area. Observations included were various kinds and numbers of egg parasitoid and its parasitism. Result showed that there were four egg parasitoid of pepper-bug were found i.e. Anastatus sp., Hadronotus sp., Ooecyrtus sp. and an unidentified species. Egg parasitoid of pepper-bug were distribute horizontally and vertically at pepper plantation. Horizontally, the total parasitism were high in all directions, but it were higher in plantation with unweeding condition that in clean weeding. Parasitoid population were distributed evenly in all directions and spreadly more various in plantation with clean weeding condition that in unweeding. Vertically, in plantation with unweeding condition the parasitoid condition the parasitoid population were numerous in the below apart, while in clean weeding circumstance parasitoid tend to move up to higher place. However, specially distribution pattern of each kind of parasitoid were different. Environmental condition and heterogenecity of parasitoid could be the main factors of the parasitoid distribution pattern.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 110181

Efficacy of some botanical insecticide to pepper bug (Dasynus piperis China)
Efikasi beberapa insektisida nabati terhadap hama pengisap buah lada (Dasynus piperis China)

Suprapto; Deciyanto, S
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional; Tantangan Entomologi pada Abad XXI [Proceedings of the National Seminar on Entomology Challenge in 21st Century] di Bogor Januari 1997; p276-281

Abstract:
Efficacy of some botanical insecticide against pepper bug (D. piperis) were tested at Natar Sub Research Institute for Specie and Medicinal Crops, during August to November 1993. The 3rd instar of pepper bug reared in laboratory were used for this experiment. While powder of mindi seed (Melia azedarach Linn), nimba (Azadirachta indica A. Juss), bengkuang (Pachyrrhizus erosus Urban), and root of tuba (Derris elliptica Benth) were used as botanical insecticide in the experiment. This botanical insecticide were compared to Sumicidin 5EC, by RCBD with 10 treatments and 3 replications. Result showed that P. erosus at 1.6% concentration and D. elliptica at 1.6% concentration were the most toxic. Five days after treatments, both insecticide were able to reach 83.33% of pepper bug mortality.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 110548

The relationship between disease potential index with damage at pepper seedling by Phytophthora palmivora
Hubungan antara indeks potensi penyakit dengan kerusakan bibit lada oleh Phytophthora palmivora

Aditiawarman, R.S
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1991; 34p

Abstract:
The foot rot disease is an important disease of pepper plant known since hundred years ago. This disease occurs in all pepper plantations in Indonesia as well as in other pepper-producing countries. It is caused by the fungus of Phytophthora palmivora (Butler) Butler and can attack all parts of a pepper plant. The pathogen can develop resistance structure under unfavourable conditions, and it can survive for more than 18 months in soil and vegetation debris. Infested soil and infected seedling are the sources of inoculum, and in soil the pathogen can directly infect the root of seedlings. Disease potential index (DPI) is the number reciprocal of soil mixed not capable to cause disease. Considering the facts that the pathogen can survive in soil and that the availability of healthy and disease free seedlings is very limited, this study was conducted. This study was conducted at Nursery Garden of Yogyakarta Regional Office in Wonocatur from February to May 1991. The objective were to determine the DPI assessment, isolation of fungi, inoculation of bait fruit, and seedling inoculation. The inoculation was done with 23 months old pepper seedling using soil with determined DPI. The experiment used factorial completely randomized design with 2 factors and 5 replications. The results indicated that low DPI caused the most serious damage of seedling root. The higher DPI caused the less damage. The damage on natar U variety was more serious than muntok variety. The final result showed that there was no interaction between DPI and plant variety, which means that root damage was due to the resistance rather than DPI.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 110559

The resistance of seedling of four superior pepper varieties to Phytophthora palmivora
Ketahanan bibit empat varietas lada unggul terhadap jamur Phytophthora palmivora

Effendi, H
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1991; 39p

Abstract:
Four superior pepper varieties, i.e. petaling I, petaling II, natar I, and natar II, were studied for their resistance to Phytophthora palmivora using infection through leaves, stem and roots. The results indicated that the inoculations on stems, roots and leaves of all varieties resulted in different levels of resistance in root, stems and leaves of each variety. The varieties considered susceptible to P. palmivora either in their stems, roots and leaves, were petaling I and petaling II. Natar I was nearly resistant in its leaves, roots and stems. Natar II showed resistance in its leaves, moderate in its stems, and its roots were almost susceptible. All of these showed that all parts of a pepper plant, i.e. leaves, stem and roots, were not resistant to P. palmivora. The most resistant variety was natar I, followed by natar II.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 110561

The resistance of four pepper varieties to root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.)
Uji ketahanan empat varietas lada terhadap nematoda puru akar

Budiono, D.M
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1991; 66p

Abstract:
This study was aimed to test the resistance of 4 pepper varieties to root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.). The study was conducted in the greenhouse of the Experimental Station for Education Research and Agricultural Development, Gadjah Mada University and at the Laboratory of Plant Nematology, Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University from January to June 1991. The experiments were carried out by using completely randomized design (CRD) with 2 factors i.e. population level of root-knot nematodes and variety of pepper with 4 replications. Four different inoculum levels of nematodes were used i.e. 0 (control), 200 larvae, 400 larvae and 600 larvae per plant and 4 varieties of pepper were used i.e. natar I, petaling I, petaling 2 and bangka. The observations were done 2 times, at 45 and 90 days after inoculation. Based on the population of root-knot nematodes, number of egg masses and the level of root damaged, the research results indicated that variety of petaling I had the highest level of resistance, followed by natar I, petaling 2 and bangka.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 110707

Effects of inoculation number and post inoculation period of radophalus on growth of Piper nigrum
Pengaruh jumlah inokulasi dan periode waktu pasca inokulasi radopholus terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman lada (Piper nigrum L.)

Midarwati
S1 thesis; Lampung; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Lampung University; 1995; 75p

Availability :
Lampung University; Lampung; Indonesia




NO. 110708

Isolation and determination of chemical compound structure of Piper nigrum L. leaves using non polar solvent
Isolasi dan penentuan struktur senyawa kimia daun lada (Piper nigrum L.) dengan menggunakan pelarut non polar

Noorcaturputra, W
S1 thesis; Lampung; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Lampung University; 1995; 82p

Availability :
Lampung University; Lampung; Indonesia




NO. 1387

The Javanese long pepper is looked for by exporters
Cabe jamu dicari-cari exportir

Surjadi, H
Info Agribisnis [Agribusiness Information] 1 (10): 6-8 (1988)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1391

Cultivation method of the Javanese long pepper
Cara bercocok tanam cabe jamu

Surjadi, H
Info Agribisnis [Agribusiness Information] 1 (11): 16-17 (1988)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 60596

Effect of NAA growth regulator on root growth of long pepper (Piper retrofractum Vahl) cuttings
Pengaruh zat pengatur tumbuh NAA terhadap pertumbuhan akar pada turus cabe (Piper retrofractum Vahl)

Munowarti, A
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Biology; Gadjah Mada University; 1990; 85p

Availability :
Faculty of Biology; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 60791

Determining piperine alkaloid of Piper retrofractum Vahl fruits through a densitometric method
Penetapan kadar alkaloida piperin dalam buah Piper retrofractum Vahl dengan cara densitometri method

Wati, A
Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; 1978; 35p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 62456

Effect of 'cabe' (Piper retrofractum Vahl) on the detached RHT uteri
Pengaruh cabe (Piper retrofractum Vahl) pada uterus RHT terpisah

Wibowo, S; Warsito, B; Danu, R.S.S
Faculty of Medicine; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Makalah Pada Symposium Obat Tradisional I [Paper Presented on the 1st Symposium of Traditional Medicine]; Semarang; 1975; 6p

Availability :
Library of Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63969

Study on the androgenic and anabolic effects of "cabe jawa" (Piper retrotractum Vahl.) fruits on white rats
Penelitian efek androgenik dan anabolik buah cabe jawa (Piper retrotractum Vahl.) pada tikus putih

Sa'roni; Pudjiastuti; Adjirni
Medicinal World Mirror (59): 22-24 (1989)

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 67416

Effects of plant material and number of nodes on the cutting growth of long pepper (Piper retrofractum Vahl)
Pengaruh macam setek dan jumlah ruas terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cabe jawa (Piper retrofractum Vahl)

Djauhariya, E; Emmyzar; Rachmat, E.M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 7 (2): 58-63 (1992)

Abstract:
An experiment was carried out at the Cibinong Experimental Garden, Bogor, from October 1990 to July 1991. The objective was to study the effect of kind of cuttings and number of internodes on the cutting growth of long pepper (Piper retrofractum Vahl). The experiment was designed as randomized block, arranged factorially with four replications. The treatments were kind of cuttings, consist of runners, orthotropic stems and plagiotropic stems and number of internodes, i.e. one internode (1 leaf) and two internodes (2 leaves). The results showed that cutting with one and two internodes taken from runners and orthotropic stems were respectively 76 and 62% viable and during 10 months both produced 12 - 20 cm length of shoot with 6 - 9 leaves. Both were better than the one and two internode cuttings from plagiotropic stems which were 37.5% viable only and a length of 5.57 cm with 2 - 3 leaves. The best treatment was runners 1 - 2 internodes followed by orthotropic and plagiotropic stems. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 103391

Several researches of pharmacological effect of long pepper on trial animal
Beberapa penelitian efek farmakologi cabe jawa pada hewan percobaan

Sa'roni; Wien Winarno, M; Adjirni; Nuratmi, B
Research and Development Centre for Pharmacy; Ministry of Health; Jakarta; Indonesia

Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 1-4 (1992)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103392

Several informations of retrofracti fructus
Beberapa informasi tentang retrofracti fructus

Hargono, D
Directorate of Traditional Medicine Supervision (Directorate General of Medicine and Food Supervision); Jakarta; Indonesia

Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 4-7 (1992)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103393

Long pepper cultivation in Lamongan district, East Java
Budidaya cabe jamu di Kabupaten Lamongan Jawa Timur

Sudiarto
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 8-10 (1992)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103394

Potential of long pepper at home garden in supporting the development of medicinal plants
Potensi tanaman cabe Jawa di pekarangan dalam menunjang pengembangan tanaman obat

Januwati, M; Effendi, D.S
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 11-13 (1992)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103395

Effort on supplying Piper retrofractum Vahl. in BPTO land at elevation of 1200 m asl
Usaha pengadaan tanaman Piper retrofractum Vahl. di lahan BPTO pada ketinggian 1200 M dpl

Hutapea, J.R; Widyastuti, Y; Sugiarso, S
Research Institute for Medicinal Crops; Tawangmangu; Central Java; Indonesia

Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 13-14 (1992)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103396

Vegetative propagation of long pepper (Piper retrofractum) and its planting technique
Perbanyakan vegetatif tanaman cabe Jawa (Piper retrofractum) dan teknik penanamannya

Januwati, H; Effendi, D.S
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 15-17 (1992)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103397

Microscopic analysis and thin layer chromatography of long pepper and pegagan
Analisis mikroskopis dan kromatografi lapis tipis dari cabe Jawa dan pegagan

Harti, S; Alisyahbana, Moh.
Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 17-18 (1992)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103398

Production of long pepper extract using several extracting liquids and determination of extract by a thin layer chromatography
Pembuatan ekstrak cabe Jawa dengan beberapa cairan penyari dan penetapan ekstrak secara Kromatografi lapis tipis

Djumidi; Hutapea, J.R
Research Institute for Medicinal Crops; Tawangmangu; Central Java; Indonesia

Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 19-20 (1992)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103400

Utilization of long pepper commodity in effort to increase the efficiency of TOBGA
Pemanfaatan komoditas cabe Jawa dalam usaha meningkatkan pendayagunaan TOBGA

Emmyzar
Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 23-25 (199)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103401

Bibliography study of medicinal plant in Indonesia by industrial country (long pepper bioactive compound)
Studi pustaka tanaman obat di Indonesia di Negara industri (senyawa bioaktif cabe Jawa)

Kardono, L.B.S
Research and Development Centre for Applied Chemistry (RDCAC)-LIPI; Serpong; Tangerang; West Java; Indonesia

Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 26-29 (199)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103402

Identification by KLT of long pepper (retrofracti fructus) in 34 traditional medicine
Identifikasi secara KLT terhadap cabe Jawa (retrofracti fructus) yang terkandung dalam 34 jamu

Nurhayati, S; Srirahayuningsih, E
Faculty of Pharmacy; Pancasila University; Jakarta; Indonesia

Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia [Indonesian Medicinal Plant News] 1 (3): 30-31 (1992)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 104326

Effect of NPK Mg-artificial fertilizer and manure on seedling of Piper retrofractum Vahl.
Pengaruh pupuk buatan NPK Mg dan pupuk kandang terhadap bibit cabe jawa (Piper retrofractum Vahl.)

Santosa, E
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 77p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104953

Propagation of a medicinal plant, 'cabe jawa' (Piper retrofractum Vahl) by stem cuttings
Perbanyakan tumbuhan obat cabe jawa (Piper retrofractum Vahl.) dengan menggunakan stek batang

Salamah, W.K
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 57p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104955

Study on the ecology of long pepper (Piper retrofractum Vahl) in the Meru Betiri National Park, East Java
Kajian ekologi cabe jawa (Piper retrofractum Vahl.) di Taman Nasional Meru Betiri Jawa Timur

Konsiliwati, P.K
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 102p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 109097

Effects of kind of growth media and rootone-F on cutting growth of long pepper (Piper retrofractum Vahl.)
Pengaruh jenis media tumbuh dan rootone F terhadap pertumbuhan stek lada panjang (Piper retrofractum Vahl.)

Hasan, F
S1 thesis; Lampung; Faculty of Agriculture; Lampung University; 1994; 41p

Availability :
Lampung University; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 109989

Effect of rootone-F concentration and soaking time on growth of one internode cutting of Piper retrofractum Vahl.
Pengaruh konsentrasi rootone-F dan lama perendaman terhadap pertumbuhan stek satu ruas cabe jamu (Piper retrofractum Vahl.)

Soenarto
S1 thesis; Jember; Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; 1996; 68p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; Jember; East Java; Indonesia




NO. 110066

Effect of concentration and frequency of monosodium glutamate (MSG) sprouting and length of cutting on growth of Piper retrofractum Vahl. seedling
Pengaruh konsentrasi dan frekuensi penyemprotan monosodium glutamat (MSG) serta panjang stek terhadap pertumbuhan bibit jahe jamur (Piper retrofractum Vahl.) asal sulur tanah

Hariyono
S1 thesis; Jember; Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; 1997; 84p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; Jember; East Java; Indonesia




NO. 12030

Chemical structure of the constituents of Clerodendrum indicum and Piper sarmentosum
Kan ha sut khrongsang khong san khemi chak ton thao yai mom lae ton cha phlu

Niamfa, N; Chanphromma, K
Department of Chemistry; Faculty of Science; Prince of Songkhla University; Thailand

Research and Text Abstracts; Faculty of Science; Prince of Songkhla University; 1989; pD34

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 12034

Chemical constituents of Piper sarmentosum Roxb.


Niamsa, N; Chantrapromma, K
Nam Phong Witthaya School; Khon Kaen; Thailand

Research and Text Abstracts; Faculty of Science; Prince of Songkhla University; 1989; pD17

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 12249

Piper sarmentosum
Chaphlu

Anonymous
Khaosan samunphrai [Medicinal Herbs Newsletter] 43: 17-19 (1990)

Availability :
Horticultural Research Institute; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 12528

Seasonal variation of oxalic contents on some vegetables
Oxalic acid nai phak bang chanit nai rudu tangtang kan

Chatananthawat, T; Naksawat, A; Phrombut, Y
Faculty of Pharmacy; Mahidol University; Bangkok; Thailand

Abstracts of Special Research Projects 1975-1980; Bangkok; Faculty of Pharmacy; Mahidol University; p204

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 22199

Phytochemistry of the medicinal plant Piper sarmentosum
Phytochemistry of the medicinal plant Piper sarmentosum

Tong, Y.C; Wong, B.L
School of Chemical Science; University of Science Malaysia; Penang

Proc. of the Seminar on Malaysian Traditional Medicine; 10 -11 June 1988; University Malaya; 1989: 280

Abstract:
The phytochemical study on the medicinal plant, Piper sarmentosum has been carried out by chemical and spectroscopic methods. The previous study by others on the leaves yielded (- sitosterol and dihydrocinnamic acid as two constituents of the leaves. Further exhaustive chemical investigations on the dried fruit of Piper sarmentosum afforded five additional compounds namely 1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)~1E-tetradecene, N-(3-phenylpropanoyl) pyrrole, N-isobutyl-2E,4E~decadienamide (pellitorine), sarmentine designated N-(2E,4E- decadienoyl) pyrrolidine and N-[7-(3,4methylenedioxyphenyl)-2E,6E~heptadie noyllpyrrolidine with the trivial name sarmentosine. In continuation of the phytochemical investigation of the same species, fourteen components were isolated and characterized to be as follows: caryophyllene, dodecane, ((~pinene, limonene, safrole, 1-allyl-2-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxybenzene (sarisan), as isomer of apiole (1-allyl-2,5-dimethoxy-3,4-methylenedioxyben zene) 2,4,5-trimethoxyallylbenzene((-asarone), trans-2,4,5-trimethoxbenzalde hyde(asarone), 2,4,5-trimethoxybenzaldehyde (asarylaldehyde), 1-(3,4-methyle nedioxy-phenyl)-1E-tetradecehe, Nisobutyl-2E,4E-decadienamide (pellitorine), a mixture of free fatty acids (palmitic, stearic, oleic, linolenic and lino lenic acids) and an unidentified amide alkaloid. Extracts of Piper sarmento sum have been used for medicinal purposes and thus some comment on the bio- logical activity of the components isolated in this study is warranted. (- Sitosterol exhibits significant anti-tumor activity and its uses in the treatment of hypercholestetolemia has been investigated. The antitubercular activity of pellitorine has been reported as well as its potent insecticidal activity (paralysing effect on houseflies). Caryophyllene, (-pinene, limo nene, (-asarone and asarylaldehyde have been demonstrated to have attractant properties for fruit flies. The leaves and the roots of this species have been reported to provide an effective remedy for toothache, fungoid dermati tis on the feet, coughing, asthma and pleurisy. The plant and fruits are used as an expectorant.

Availability :
University Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia




NO. 24432

Chemical Constituents and Insecticidal Activity of Piper sarmentosum


Satariah, H; Hapipah, M.A; Khalijah, A; Abdul Aziz, K; Habsah, A.K; Kamaliah, M; Hamid, A.A.H
Department of Chemistry; Faculty of Science; University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur

13th Seminar on Natural Products [Seminar Sebatian Semulajadi Ke 13]; 5-6 August 1997; FRIM Kepong Selangor

Abstract:
Piper sarmentosum, locally known as 'kaduk', has been widely used by the locals to treat malaria. The present investigation deals with the isolation of pure compounds with insecticidal properties. From the pet-ether extract, three compounds were isolated which showed insecticidal activity against rice weevils. Electrophysical investigations on these compounds were also performed. Structural elucidations of pure compounds were carried out through spectroscopic methods (IR, NMR, GC-MS, UV).

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 39746

The effect of different concentrations of powdered neem, black pepper and sugar apple seeds against cowpea weevil (Callosobrachus maculatus F. )


Luangna, A
Central Luzon State University; Mu¤oz; Nueva Ecija; Philippines

CLSU Legume R & D Highlights; 1994; p258

Abstract:
The protection of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) with 14 percent moisture content was tested with different concentrations of neem, black pepper, and sugar apple seeds in powder form on the development and growth of C. maculatus under laboratory conditions. The most effective seed powder as protectant against C. maculatus was sugar apple as shown by 100 percent adult mortality which resulted in failure to lay eggs. Longest incubation and larval period were obtained from neem seeds. Highest adult longevity period was obtained from black pepper seed treatment. High percentage of adult emergence and high growth index was observed in the different concentrations of black pepper and the untreated mungbean seeds. The highest viability of mung bean seeds was obtained from the different levels of neem, actellic and sugar apple seed powder. The residual toxicity using the adult mortality was observed in the different concentrations of the treatments.

Availability :
Research, Extension and Training; Central Luzon State University; Mu¤oz; Nueva Ecija; Philippines




NO. 61068

Examination of eleven types of essential oils of plants from three sources in Bandung
Pemeriksaan sebelas macam minyak atsiri yang diperoleh dari tiga sumber di Bandung

Karo-karo, M. Sune
Thesis S1; Bandung; Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; 1976; 47 p

Availability :
Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 2427

The physico-chemical properties identification of some mentha, cananga and litsea oils
Identifikasi sifat fisik dan kimia beberapa macam minyak mentha,kananga dan litsea

Rusli,S;Ma'mun;Anggraeni
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contributions of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 12(3-4):74-79(1987)

Availability :
Center for Research and Development in Biology;Bogor;Indonesia




NO. 108842

Prospects of mentha and ylang-ylang
Prospek tanaman mentha dan ylang-ylang

Hobir; Sufiani, S.
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Journal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development Journal] 15 (4): 102-109 (1996)

Availability :
Centre for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 25391

Evaluation of various local plants for smooth muscle relaxant activities


Rasadah, MA; Mohd Rais, M; Muhamad, Z
Chemistry Division, Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, Selangor

Proceedings of the Conference on Medicinal Products From Tropical Rain Forests; FRIM; 13-15 May 1991; p 133-138

Abstract:
Muscle relaxants formed an important group of drugs with diverse therapeutic potentials. Relaxants of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles are widely used as muscle relaxants for surgery, antiasthmatics, antidiarrheals, spasmolytics, antihypertensives and antiarrhytmics. The present study was initiated to screen extracts from various local plants for general muscle relaxant activities using the isolated longitudinal muscle of the guinea-pig ileum. Amongst the ten plants tested, extracts from Clausena lansium and Archidendron bubalimun were shown to contract the longitudinal muscle of the ileum. Seven of the plants tested were shown to inhibit the electrical , acetylcholine or K+-induced contractions. These plants are Strychnos ignatii, Alstonia angustiloba, Pterocarpus indicus, Clausena lansium, Euodia glabra, Lindera pipericarpa and Gnetum cuspidatum, Dracontomelum dao, Archidendron bubalimun, Diospyros argentea. The inhibitory effects of the extracts on all the stimulus- induced contractions is probably due to direct effect on the contraction-coupling mechanisms or indirectly through the bl °Ckade of supply of calcium ions to the muscle fibres.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Email: philip@frim.gov.my




NO. 94328

Cultural management of selected plants used for dental care


Quintana, EG
HEDIN Database 001551-PC900951; 7th Annual World Dental Congress Book Abstracts; p.32

Abstract:
The use of plants for dental care is a part of the customs and traditions of the Philippines. It is practice that has been handed down from one generation to the next. Few have been written about them. The national Integrated Research Program on Medicinal Plants (NIRPROMP), which is funded by the National Science and Technology Authority (NSTA) initiated systematic programme to study plants used in folklore medicine. Part of the results of this programme is included in the Guidebook on the Proper Use of Medicinal Plants published by NSTA. The use of balanoy ( Ocimum basilicum L.) bawang (Allium sativum), lagundi (Vitex negundo L.) and yerba buena (Mentha cordifolia Opiz) as an analgesic for toothache and bayabas (Psidium guajava L.) for reducing swelling in gums and as analgesic for toothache are included in the guidebook. The cultural management or the various operations involved in the production of the crop were studied in the University of the Philippines at Los Baños,College of Agriculture. All of the plants can be easily propagated asexually. Balanoy and bayabas can be both propagated by sexual and asexual means. The recommended distance of planting is as follows: balanoy -0.3m x 0.3m; bawang-5 to 8cm within rows and 15 to 25cm between rows; bayabas-5.5m x 7.2m;lagundi-1m x 1m; yerba buena - 0.5m x 0.15. All plants require a well- drainage soil except bayabas, which is not too particular on the kind of soil. Harvesting for leaves is done 3 months after planting for balanoy, lagundi, yerba buena and bayabas, 100-140 days for bawang for the bulb.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development; Department of Science and Technology
Email: pchrd@pchrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 94002

Clastogenic activities of selected Philippine plants


Bautista, MYL; Pasahol, BV
Inventory of Health Researches : 1997-1998; p 88

Abstract:
The clastogenic activity of Averrhoa bilimbi Linn. (kamias), Ficus odorata Linn. (Pakiling). Gliricidia sepium Jacq. Steud. (kakauati), Piper betle Linn. (Samat) and Jatropha curcas Linn. (Tubang Bakod)was determined by Micronucleus test developed by Schmid and co-workers. DMN was used as a positive control. The readings on the number of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes found in the plants at 500,1000, and 500 mg/kg respectively: kamias 23.50+2.00, 25.25+1.32, 25.00+3.37; Pakiling 15.25+2.26, 17.80+0.81, 18.50+1.10; Kakauati 17.87+1.22, 18.00+3.02, 16.75+5.25;Samat 15.25+4.11, 17.50+1.90, 18.3+2.72; Tubang Bakod 8.60+2.53, 19.62+2.31, 22.0+2.26. Statistical analysis showed that the clastogenic potential of the five leaf extracts are comparable to DMN. This suggests that these herbal plants have mutagenic property.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development; Department of Science and Technology
Email: pchrd@pchrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 94021

Phytochemical investigation and lethality test for bioactive compounds of selected herbal plants in Manresa


Tanaka, TP
Inventory of Health Researches 1997-1998; p 96

Abstract:
A phytochemical investigation was made for the determination of biologically active constituents of the leaves of eighteen plant samples from Manresa Herbal Garden. Fresh leaves of the plant samples were used and were plunged into 95% Ethyl Alcohol. The crude ethanol extracts were subjected to an activity-directed bioassay using lethality to brine shrimp at initial concentrations of 10, 100, and 1000 ppm. Among the 18 plant samples tested for presence of alkaloids, only adhathoda and fragrant screw pine gave positive results with Dragendorff and Mayer's reagents. Angelica, aratha, common sedge, fragrant screw pine, lemon grass, oregano, panyawan, sweet basil tarragon, tropical periwinkle, and Vietnam correander were tested to be saponin-containing. On the other hand, angelica, aratha, common sedge, fragrant screw pine, lemon grass, oregano, panyawan, sweet basil, tarrago, tropical periwinkle, and Vietnam correander gave positive results for cardenolides and bufadienolides. For the determination for flavonoids, Aratha, boat lily, common sedge, and Vietnam correander were found to contain this bioactive compound. Angelica, aratha, bitters, camphor plant, common mugwort, lemon grass, peppermint, sweet basil, tarragon, and Vietnam correander responded positively with gelatin and ferric chloride tests for tannins. Lastly, aratha, peppermint, tarragon, and Vietnam correander were detected to contain anthraquinone. The LC50 or the Median Lethal Concentrations of the crude ethanol extracts of the plant samples were determined via the Brine Shrimp Toxicity Test: LC50 of adhathoda is 10 ppm, angelica is 30 ppm, aratha is 1000 ppm, bitters is 40 ppm, boat lily is 20 ppm, camphor plant is 100 ppm, common mugwort is 20 ppm, common sedge is 1100 ppm, fragrant screw pine is 40 ppm, lemon grass is 10 ppm, oregano is 7 ppm, panyawan is 800 ppm, peppermint is 30 ppm, sweet basil is 500 ppm, tarragon is 90 ppm, tropical periwinkle is 4 ppm, turmeric is 200 ppm, and Vietnam correander is 800 ppm.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development; Department of Science and Technology
Email: pchrd@pchrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 23329


The essential oils of Lindera pipericarpa

Nor Azah, MA; Ibrahim, J
Forest Research Institute Malaysia;Kepong;Selangor

Journal of Tropical Forest Science 6(2): 124-130(1993)

Abstract:
Water distillation of the leaf and wood of Lindera pipericarpa yielded 1.00% am d 0.05% of essential oils respectively. The chemical composition of the oils were examined by co-chromatography with authentic samples on capillary columns of different polarity and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The oils were made up of monoterpenoids and susquiterpenoids. The major components in the leag oil weer B-caryophyllene (32.1%) and a -copaena (31.4%) while the wood oil comprised mainly limonene (55.4%).

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24421

Lignans from the leaves of Piper magnibacum


Shajahtunnur, J; Farediah A; Sobana AB; Abdul Latif M; Ahmad Zainuddin I
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universili Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johore

13th. Seminar of NAtural Product (Seminar Sebatian Semulajadi Ke-13); Forest Research Institute Malaysia; 5-6 August 1997

Abstract:
Piper species are known to contain various alkalioids, phenylpropanoids, lignans, triterpenes and flavones. Chemical studies on the chloroform fraction from the methanol extract of Piper magnibactim have yielded two lignans. Both lignans were characterised by spectroscopic methods as 2-(4'-methoxyphenyl)- 3-methyl-5 propenylbenzofuran and 2,3-dlhydro-2-(4'-methoxy phenyl)-3-methyl- 5-propenylbenzofuran.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25117

The effect of piper betel leave extracts on Fusarium oxysporum and Phytophtora palmivora


Nik Norulaini, Na; Adirukmini, Ns; Mohd Omar, Ak; Afizah, A
Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang.

Proceedings of the International Conference on the use of Traditional Medicine & Other Natural in Health Care; 8-11 June 1993; p enang; p 535

Abstract:
Extracts of Piper betel leaves were used to evaluate its possible use as an antifungal agent to fight off plant diseases. P.betel leaves have been known for its use in traditional medicine but none has been demonstrated regarding its use as a plant anti- fungal agent. Preliminary bioassay conducted demonstrated that these extracts have an inhibitory effect upon the growth of the fungus in culture. Fungi cultured in the presence of sirih aceh and sirih hitam extracts exhibited slower and more inhibitory growth as opposed to the growth in its absence. Fusarium oxysporum and Phytophtora palmivora showed similar reaction pattern to both extracts. A clear demarcation exists at the forefront of the fungus as the colony approaches the region where the extract was present. Inoculation of asparagus with F. oxysporum and durian stems and leaves with P.palmivora simultaneously with the extracts failed to induce any infection. This is because the fungi had ceased to grow as indicated by the absence of new mycelium at the cut edges. Application of extract three days post inoculation whereby the fungus had developed new mycelium and emerging onto the surface of the host managed to subsequently reduce the growth until most of the new mycelium have become shrivelled. Thus these preliminary findings prove that these extracts possess anti-fungal qualities that holds some promise in its usage as an important agent to mitigate disease problems.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 24730

The application of molecular techniques in the diagnosis of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) viruses in Sarawak


Lily, E; John, J; Ching, AO; Phil, J
Agriculture Research Centre, Department of Agriculture, Kuching, Sarawak

5th. International Conference on Plant Protection in the Tropics;Tropical plant protection in the information age;15-18 March 1999;Kuala Lumpur;p35-38

Abstract:
Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) in Sarawak can be infected by 2 types of viruses, a cucumovirus and a badavirus. The absence of antibodies for testing, coupled with the high phenolic and polysaccharide contents in the plant, make diagnosis of these viruses difficult. The successful application of dsRNA and PCR techniques to detect the cucumovirus and badavirus, respective ly, has enabled diagnosis and the screening of planting materi al to be carried out by the Department of Agriculture in Sara wak.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 91528

Philippine plants as possible sources of antifertility agents


Herrera, CL; Ramos, EV; Villanueva, BA
The Philippine Journal of Science 113(1-2): 91-129;1984

Abstract:
Two lists of plants (a) those reputed to have antifertility and abortifacient properties and (b) those tested in animals or human are presented. While many of these plants have already been tested for antifertility activities and proven to be effective in animals and/or human, some of the studies reveal that there are many deficiencies of In-vivo experiments in animals. Some plants that been thoroughly studied are the ordinary pea or "sitsaro" (Pisum sativum), "buding" (Polygonum hydropiper) and "kamala" (Mallotus philippinenesis), Gossypol isolated from Gossypium herbaceum and m-xylohydroquinone isolated from P. sativum have already been tried in humans and found effective. Similar works of various authors are cited.

Availability :
University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Main Library




NO. 92905

Philippine vegetable drugs in common use: Their chemical constants Part I


Garcia, LL; Herrera, CL; Capal, TV; Mel, CL; Dayap, A; Banal, RV
The Philippine Journal of Science 127 (6): 229-236 (1998)

Abstract:
This paper provides a ready reference for the chemical constants/properties of 28 commonly used vegetable drugs in the Philippines as a guide for laymen, industry and other entrepreneurs/users for their identification and quality/purity determination. Proximate chemical components of these drugs namely: moisture, total ash, acid-insoluble ash, crude fibber, volatile oil and the volatile ether, non-volatile ether, hexane, dilute alcohol, alcohol and water soluble extractives respectively were determined. The methods specified in the United States Pharmacopoeia 20th revision were followed.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 94327

The chemical constituents of the volatile oils from irradiated and non-irradiated Philippine mint plants


Cantoria, MC; Vargas, N
HERDIN Database 001420-PC900844;Journal of Philippine Pharmaceutical Association 58(38): 1-4(1972)

Abstract:
The volatile oil was obtained from Mentha cordifolia tops by extraction using steam distillation method. Oil was obtained from mint plants grown from seeds that were subjected to 31 kr of gamma radiation under moist condition. the oil from irradiated plants was obtained from 2 types of plants that grew from irradiated seeds.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Health Resources and Development; UST-RCNS; UST España




NO. 95538

Control of agronomics grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella (Oliver) using different concentrations of crude balck pepper extract


Rubin, MR; Catli, EC
CMU Journal of Science 7 (1): 118-119 (1994)

Abstract:
This study aimed to investigate the insecticidal activity of crude blackpepper extract on the mortality raet of the test insect, adult emergence and loss in weight of the medium determine its effective concentration. The early and late instars of the test insect werer tested for susceptibility to the different cocentrations of the crude extract at 250, 500 and 750 ppm concentrations. Alrvae sprayed with water served as control. The highest mortality count that was recorded in this study was 83.33% while 41.67% was the lowest for the early instar. For the late instar however, 50% was the highest and 23% was the lowest. there were significant differences among the treatments and the stage, early and late, of the test insect but not between the two methods of application used. Loss in weight differed significantly among treatments but not between the early and late instars tested. Ecept for the control, the biggest losses were in treatments A2 B1 C2 and A2 b2 c2, respectively. Adult emergence differed significantly among all variables: between the early and late instars and among four treatments which were of different concentrations. Of the three different concentrations used 750 ppm showed the best result. However, 500 ppm also showed a comparable result not on all set-up.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 93802

Resource survey of forest woody vines in five provinces of the Philippines


Aragones, EG Jr; Escobin, RP; Ella, AB; Rojo, JP
Forest Products Research and Development Institute Journal 21 (3&4): 69-78 (1992)

Abstract:
A resources survey and inventory of woody forest vines currently used and potentially suitable for handicraft production were conducted in the provinces of Quezon, Camarines Norte, Sorsogon and Nueva Vizcaya and in logging concession in Surigao del Sur to determine the species' relative expoitable volume and supply. Results showed that the economic and commercial importance of forest vine species guaged from relative expoitable volume per hectare varied from place to place. While hinggiu (Ichnocarpus volubilis) proved the most dominant and important among the 46 species identified in Quezon with a total volume of 1,877.75 lineal meters (lm), pina-pinahan (Boerlagiodendron sp.) was the most dominant of the 28 species tallied in Camarines Norte and Sorsogon with a volume of 4,868.00 lm. Paminta-pamintahan (Piper loheri), on the other hand, was of prime importance among the 27 species in Nueva Vizcaya with a total volume of 1,276 lm, while kalit-kalit (Cissus repens) with 239.00 lm was the dominant species in Surigao del Sur out of the 21 species identified. Variation in species dominance from place to place might be attributed to probable differences in environment factors for growth obtaining in the locality, adaptation of species and extent of inventory made in each province.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 94151

Establishment of critical levels of NPK in blackpepper leaves for fertilization management


Suyat, MN; Lacson, RT; Acosta, AV; Ceniza, A
The Philippine Journal of Plant Industry 58 (3-4): 68-79 (1993)

Abstract:
A total of 60 bearing blackpepper plants were used as source as leaf samples using leaves number 2 and 3 and 3 and 4 as index tissue for analysis of NPK content of the leaves. Repression model was used to determine the levels of sufficiency and insufficiency of NPK concentration of the leaves and its relationship to yield performance. When the NPK of leaves had a concentration of 0.88%,0.08%,21% it gave a mean yield of 2.2 kgs/tree. On the other hand mean values of 1.91% N,0.17& P and 0.42% K a mean yield value of 4.72 kgs/tree was recorded. Based from the result of the experiment and the predicted value of yield,NPK concentration of the leaves lower than 1.90%, 0.18% and 0.40% were considered deficient and values of the NPK higher than 1.90%,0.18% and 0.40%,respectively, were considered sufficient.

Availability :
One-Stop-Information-Shop, Highland Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium




NO. 95667

Response of rice weevil (Sitophelus oryzae) to insecticidal properties of madre cacao (Gliricidia sepium Jacq.) and black pepper (Piper nigrum) extracts


Lirasan, SV, Jr; Catli, EG
CMU (Central Mindanao University) Journal of Science 7 (1): 131-132 (1994)

Abstract:
This study was conducted to determine the insecticidal properties of madre cacao and black pepper against rice weevil and also determine the longevity of the extract. The study was conducted using CRD factorial, differences among treatments were determined using DMRT. There were four treatments which were replicated three times. The black pepper treatments gave excellent control of the test insect. The interaction of the extract and those of the methods of application should highly significant differences between concentrations. And also the longevity gave a promising result with increasing effect with increase also in time.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 95682

Effects of different levels of indole acetic acid on the rooting success of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) nodal cuttings


Abao, GA; Solidum, PP
CMU (Central Mindanao University) Journal of Science 7 (1): 147 (1994)

Abstract:
The results showed that the percenatge rooting success of the black pepper nodal cuttings was significantly affected by the different levels of IAA applied on the basal portion of the cuttings. The average number of roots per cutting and average length of roots were also significantly affected. However, the average dry weight of the roots were not significantly affected by the different treatment. Among the different treatments, the application of 250 ppm gave the highest percentage rooting success of 60% but this was not significantly different from those treated with 150 ppm and 200ppm. Cuttings treated with 150ppm gave the highest number of roots and the longest roots but these likewise were not significantly different from the results obtained from those applied with 250 ppm, 200 ppm and 100 ppm. Cuttings that were not treated with auxin gave the lowest percentage rooting success of 30%, the lowest number of roots and the shortest roots. Based on DMRT the performance of the cuttings treated with 100 ppm IAA and 200 ppm IAA did not differ significantly with the performance of the cuttings without IAA. On the other hand, the result from the cuttings treated with 100, 200 and 250 ppm IAA did not also differ significantly with the seedlings treated with 150 ppm IAA. Based on the result of the study it is safe to conclude that the best treatment to promote rooting of black pepper nodal cuttings is with 150 oom IAA.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 25272

Constituents Of Piper porphyrophyllum And Piper pedicellosum


Farediah, A; Hasnah, MS; Jaya Chitra, DR
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Bahru,

Natural Products Research in Malaysia 1999;A compilation of papers presented at the 15th. National Natural Products Seminar;Universiti Sains Malaysia;2-3 November 1999

Abstract:
Chemical studies on the leaves of Piper porphyrophyllum and Piper pedicellosum have been carried out. Purification of the ethyl acetate extract of Piper porphyrophyllum by chromatographic methods afforded sesamin. Multiple column chromatography of the petroleum ether and ethyl acetate extracts of Piper pedicellosum gave dillapiole and dehydrodieugenol respectively. Dillapiole and dehydrodieugenol were found to be toxic against Artemia salina with ED50 27.75 ppm and 12.65 ppm. Dillapiole also showed antimicrobial activity against B. subtilis

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 95722

Effects of leaf pruning and levels of algafer LPF plus application on the rooting of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) nodal cuttings


Daguitera, RRD; Flauta, EF
CMU (Central Mindanao University) Jurnal of Science 7 (1): 157-158 (1994)

Abstract:
Two kinds of black pepper nodal cuttings, namely: nodal cuttings with intact leaves and the other with halved leaves dipped in varying levels of Algafer LPF Plus were used to find out the interaction effect of leaf pruning and Algafer LPF Plus application on the rooting, number and length roots, shoot and leaf formation of planting materials. The experiment was conducted using a completely randomized design in a 2x4 factorial arrangement. The two kinds of black pepper nodal cutting serve as Factor A and the levels of Algafer LPF Plus as Factor B in three (3) replications. Beds were sterilized with hot water and holes were provided to avoid bruises of the end points of the cuttings. Nodal cuttings were dipped for five minutes in the Algafer LPF Plus soution before setting them to the rooting beds. Beds were covered with plastis lids. The results revealed a significant effect on the two nodal cuttings as influenced by the application of varying levels of Algafer LPF Plus in all the parameters studied. It was found out that varying levels of Algafer LPF Plus influenced the percentage rooting and the number of roots with comparable effects. However, a highly significant observation was exhibited in percentage shoot and leaf formation as well as in the length of roots regardless of the kind of black pepper nodal cuttings. On the other hand, cuttings with intact leaves consistently showed a significant mean difference in terms of % rooting, number and lengths of roots as well as shoot and leaf formation at one (1)teaspoonful of Algafer LPF Plus in one(1) liter of water, while cuttings with halved leaves showed significantly higher mean difference in all parameters studied at three(3) teaspoonsful of Algafer LPF Plus in one(1) liter of water. it is there concluded that propagation of black epper(Piper nigrum L.) nodal cuttings with intact leaves with Algafer LPF Plus supplementation of one(1)teaspoonful in one (1) liter of waterwould exhibite better rooting success, induce more and longer roots with good shoot and leaf formation.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 95766

Effects of different levels of indole acetic acid on the rooting success of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)


Abao, GA; Solidum, PP
CMU Journal of Science 4 (1): 34-44 (1991)

Abstract:
Results of the study show that the percentage rooting success of the black pepper nodal cuttings was significantly affected by different levels of IAA applied on the basal portion of the cuttings. Average number of roots per cutting and the average length of roots were also significantly affected by the different treatments. Among the different treatments, application of 250 ppm gave the highest percentage rooting success of 60% but this was no significantly different from those treated with 150 ppm and 200 ppm. Cuttings treated with 150 ppm gave the highest number of roots and the longest roots but these likewise are not significantly different from the results obatined from those applied with 250 ppm, 200 ppm and 100 ppm. Cuttings that were not treated with auxin gave the lowest percentage rooting success of 30%, the lowest number of roots and the shortest roots. Based on DMRT the performance of the cuttings treated with 100 ppm IAA and 200 ppm IAA does not differ significantly with the performance of cuttings without IAA. On the other hand, the result from cuttings treated with 100, 200 and 250 ppm IAA do not also differ significantly with the seedlings treated with 150 ppm IAA. Based on the result of the study, it is safe to conclude that the best treatment to promote rooting of black pepper nodal cuttings is with 150 ppm IAA.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 25580

Extracts of Anonoa, Piper and Tinospora as biopesticide in controlling corn Stem borer, Ostrinia salentialis


Zurina, M; Harbant, S; Rohaiza, M; Che Faridah, O; Azlan, MY; Rozita, O; Lim, BT
Faculty of Applied Sciences; Universiti Teknologi MARA; 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Seminar on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants; Towards Bridging Science and Herbal Industry; 12-13 September 2000; FRIM; p13

Abstract:
The usage of sintetic pesticides is detrimental to both health and the environment. On the other hand, biological based pesticides is more environmental friendly because of their selective mode of action and is degradable. Hence, extracts from A.muricota, P.betel, T.crispa were screened against Ostrinia salentialis, a stem borer. Results obtained suggested that extract from T.crispa was most effective while P.betel is an attractant to O.salentialis.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25881

Anti-inflammatory activities of several Malaysia Medicinal Plants


Rasadah, MA; Nik Musa'adah, M; Ling, SK; Ong, BK; Aznie Aida, A
Medicinal Plants Division; Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM); Kepong, 52109 Kuala Lumpur

Towards Modernisation of Research and Technology in Herbal Industries; Proceedings of the Seminar on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants; 24-25 July 2001; p165

Abstract:
Thirteen species of Malaysia medicinal plant were examined for their anti -inflammatory activities using the in vitro (lipoxygenase, hyaluronidase and platelet- activiting factor (PAF) receptor binding antagonist) and in vitro (tetradecanoylphorbol aceatate (TPA) induced mouse ear oedema) assays. These techniques are frequently used to access the anti-inflammatory effect of natural products.Leaf extracts of Lantana camara was found to exhibit strong inhibition in the TPA model and PAF receptor binding assay. Piper betle exhibited both in vitro (lipoxygenase) and in vitro (TPA model) anti-inflammatory activities.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 96397

Antibacterial and molluscidal properties of Piper betle Linn.


Lirio, L; Poppe, J; Hofter, M
Pest Management Council of the Philippines, Inc. 2002 Proceedings; 33rd Anniversary and Annual Scientific Meeting; "Pest Management in the Age of Information and Technology"; May 8-10, 2002, Grand Men Seng Hotel, Davao City; 118pp. p.109

Abstract:
Antibacterial in-vitro bioassay revealed the presence of bioactive compound in the chloroform fraction of Piper betle leaf extract. The minimum inhibitory concentrations were 50, 60, 125 and 60 ug/ml for Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Erwinia amylovora, E.carotovora pv. carotovora and Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, respectively. Direct bioauthography on LTC confirmed the presence of one bioactive compound identified as hydroxyhavicol through MS and NMR spectroscopy analyses. In vivo tests further confirmed the antibacterial activity of the leaf extract using the chosen test bacteria, X.campestris pv. campestris, the causal agent of the black rot of cabbage. The same leaf extract also showed molluscidal activity against slugs and snails that ate common cabbage and other vegetables being grown in Benguet.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 25967

The Development of a dragnostic expert system on pests & diseases of black pepper in Sarawak.


Fatimah, O; Lily, E; Asmah, S; Wong, TH
Agricultural Research Centre; Kuching; Sarawak

Sarawak Museum Journal 76(LV): 297 - 312(2000)

Abstract:
This article describes an information technology (IT) project undertaken by Agricultural Research Division of Dept. of Agriculture Sarawak. The main activities in the development of an expert system for diagnosing pest and disease problems of black pepper are explained. These activities included the knowledge acquisition process, the development of diagnostic procedures for the expert system, the conceptual user interface end users' evaluation of the system. The completed system, XCROP,is captured on CD-ROM for ease of distribution to end users.

Availability :
University Malaysia Sabah




NO. 25984

Antiulcer effect of Centella asiatica and Piper betle extracts : a comparative study


Azmahani, A; Somchit, MN; Halijah, H; Wan Kartini, WM
Department of Biomedical Sciences; Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences; Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

4th. Asian Science and Technology Congress 2002; 25-27 April 2002; Kuala Lumpur

Abstract:
Centella asiatica and Piper belle is native to Malaysia and in tropical countries. These plant are used for treating various disease including widely used herbal medicine for wound healing and treatment of mucosal injuries. The aim of this study was to compare the antiulcer activity of both herbs on the ethanol-induced gastric ulcers in rats. Crude water extract of leaves Centella asiatica and Piper belle were extract in a Soxlet apparatus. The extracts were then freeze-dried and store in -200 C prior to use. Rats were pretreatment with I and 2 mg/kg/day orally for 7 days Centella asiatica or Piper belle extracts before oral 70% ethanol (10 ml/kg) administration. The other two groups of rats received either pretreatment only (1 and 2 mg/kg/day orally for 7 days Centella asiatica or Piper belle ) or 70% ethanol (10 ml/kg) orally. Control animals received equivalent amount of normal saline. Rats were sacrificed their stomach and duodenum. The lesion size in mm was determined by measuring each lesion along its greatest length/diameter using a transparent grid. Ethanol treated rats having the longest/largest lesions and treatment with either Centella asiatica and Piper belle significantly reduce the ulcer length when compared to ethanol controls (p<0.05). Pretreatment with either Centella asiatica and Piper belle alone did not have any effects on the ulcer length where the ulcer length were similar to control saline. Oral administration of both herbs at the dose I and 2 mg/kg/day significantly inhibited gastric ulcer formation in rats. 1 and 2 mg/kg Centella asiatica inhibited the ulcer index by 48.0 and 73.4 % respectively. Whereas, 1 and 2 mg/kg Piper belle inhibited by 26.1 and 60.7 % respectively. These results suggested Centella asiatica is more potent gastroprotective agent than Piper betle in ethanol-induced gastric ulceration in rats.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 25997

The effect of selected herbs on anti-oxidant and peroxidation status of aged rats


Imilia, I; Noordin, MM
Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM; Selangor

7th. National Conference on Medical Sciences; 2002; Kuala Lumpur

Abstract:
Ageing is a natural inescapable process in living organism albeit its effects can be delayed. The process of ageing occurred due to the presence of free radical or reactive oxygen species. Likewise, various herbs have been claimed to possess antiageing properties and is continually being used despite lack of scientific evidence.

Availability :
University Malaysia Sabah




NO. 26079

Chemical constituents of Piper aduncum
Sebatian semula jadi daripada Piper aduncum

Jaya Chitra, R; Farediah, A; Hasnah, MS; Rasadah, MA
Department of Chemistry; University Teknologi Malaysia; 80990 Johor Bahru

Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences Vol. 5(1): 61-66(1999)

Abstract:
The isolation of the chemical constituents from Piper aduncum were analysed using several chromatography techniques. The chromatography techniques used in the isolation of these compounds were vacuum column chromatography, gravity column chromatography and preparative thin layer chromatography. Three compounds have been isolated from these techniques. Identification of these compounds was carried out using the Infrared Spectroscopy (IR), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The compounds isolated were identified as dillapiole, 4-hydroxy-3-(3-methyl-2- butenoyl)-5-(3-methyl-2-butenyl benzoic acid and 2,6-dihydroxy-4meth oxydihydrochalcone.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 96530

Planting stock production techniques for Palo Verde


Ramilo, VC; Relatado, G
ERDS [Ecosystems Research and Development Service Reg. 9] Research Digest 9 (2): 14-25 (2000)

Abstract:
Three (3) propagation techniques were tested, namely propagation by seedlings (A), propagation by wildlings (B) and propagation by shoot cuttings (C), to determine survival, height growth performance and the cost of production in the nursery. Results showed that in terms of survival four (4) months after potting, shoot cuttings (C) and seedlings (A) gave significantly better performance with 89% and 85%, respectively, than wildlings with only 83%. No significant differences were however observed in height growth of the test stocks. In terms of cost of production, shoot cuttings were found to be technically and economically viable. the use of shoot cutting to propagate Palo Verde is therefore recommended.

Availability :
Ecosystems Research and Development Service (ERDS), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), CAR




NO. 96625

Documentation of existing blackpepper practices in selected major producing provinces


Lacson, RT; Huelgas, AC; Sardido, RA
The Philippine Journal of Plant Industry 59 (4): 36-52 (1994)

Abstract:
A total of 75 farmer-respondents were interviewed from the provinces of Batangas (4)), Laguna (10), Cotabato (18), and Negros Occidental (7) using prepared questionaires. Majority of the respondents followed all the cultural and management technologies for blackpepper production, except for the application of the right amount of fertilizer without the usual soil analysis. The amount of fertilizer applied is based only on the farmers perception and correct promotion among various fertilizer available. In terms of labor intensiveness, Launa lead with 178 man-days per year followed by Cotabato, Batangas and Negros Occidental with 156.3 man-days, 153.2 man-days and 113.6 man-days per year on all operation, respectively. The recommended distance of 2.5 x 2.5 meters were not followed because they make use of the limited space available. The total production cost per hectare entails an acutal amount ranging from P7,939.22 to P19,666.00. In Batangas, farmer spend about P15,321 - P19,666.00 per hectare; P13,606.70 - P14,236.70 for Cotabato farmers; P7,939.22 - P10,389.22 for Negros farmers and P12,806.11 - P16,906.00 for Laguna farmers. For net return, Batangas farmers had a receipts of P9,756.37 - 96,974.99 per hectare; Laguna - P18,873.89 - 47,734.00 per hectare; Cotabato - P10,873.30 - 50,529.10 per hectare and Negros Occidental -P24,149.98 - 39,061.06 per hectare.

Availability :
Bureau of Plant Industry-Los Baños National Crop Research and Development Center (BPI-LBNCRDC), Reading Room; Economic Garden, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines




NO. 96654

Taxo-phytochemical studies of the plants use in the preparation of 'tawak'


Labay, PM; Malangris, M; Sager, M
Marinduque State College Journal of Research and Innovation 2 (2): 32-36 (1999-2000)

Abstract:
Eighty-eight collected plants are used by the magtatawak in Marinduque which were subjected to phytochemical screening. Th leaf, root, bark and rhizome are the most preferred plant parts, whose most common "active constituents" are alkaloids, saponins and tannins.

Availability :
Southern Tagalog Agriculture Resources Research and Development Consortium One Stop Information Shop




NO. 26342

Determination of anti oxidative activities of selected Malaysian plant extracts


Noriham, A; Babji, AS; Nur Huda, F
Food Science Programme; School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology; Faculty of Science and Technology; University Kebangsaan Malaysia; 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Seminar on Medicinal & Aromatic Plants; Current Trends & Perspectives; FRIM; 20-21 July 2004;p91

Abstract:
The anti oxidative activities, reducing powers and amount of total phenolic compounds of selected local plant aqueous extracts from Polygonum hydropiper, Melicope lunu-ankenda, Zingiber officinale and Manihot esculenta were studied. The antioxidative activities were found to be highest in the Polygonum hydropiper (p<0.05) followed by Zingiber officinale, Melicope lunu-ankenda and Manihot esculenta. Reducing powers also showed that Polygonum hydropiper was the highest among all the extracts (p<0.05). There were statistically significant correlations between amount of phenolic compounds and reducing powers (r=0.997, p<0.05).

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 26335

Anti nociceptive and antiinflammatory activity of piper Sarmentosum aqueous extract


Sulaiman, MR; Patahuddin, H; Somchit, MN; Israf, DA; Ahmad, Z; Moin, S; Taufik Hidayat, M
Department of Biomedical Sciences; Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences; Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Seminar on Medicinal & Aromatic Plants; Current Trends & Perspectives; FRIM; 20-21 July 2004;p85

Abstract:
Piper sarmentosum is a herbaceous plant that belongs to the family Piperaceace, locally known as 'kadok'. It is widely used as a vegetable and herbal medicine for various therapeutic treatments including fever, toothache, coughing and to improve digestion. In the present study, the aqueous extract of P. sarmentosum at doses of 30, 100 and 300mg/kg was evaluated for antinociceptive properties using the method of acetic acid-induced abdominal constriction and hot plate in mice. Antiinflammatory activity was also evaluated using carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema method. It was demonstrated that the aqueous extract of P. sarmentosum significantly (p
Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 26345

Evaluation of antiinflammatory activity for piper setle, Justicia gendarussa and Cassytha filiformis using TPA induced mouse ear Oedema inhibitory Assay


Ong, BK; Rasadah, MA; Srima Elina, S
Medicinal Plants Programme; Biotechnology Division; Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kepong, 52109 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Seminar on Medicinal & Aromatic Plants; Current Trends & Perspectives; FRIM; 20-21 July 2004;p93

Abstract:
Piper betle (sireh), Justicia gendarussa (ganda rusa) and Cassytha filiformis (tali puteri) are local medicinal plants which have been used either singly or as an essential component of herbal remedies to treat various illnesses and symptoms, such as intermittent fever, wound, poultice for headache and also as a health tonic. Ethanolic crude extracts of the above plants were obtained via hot extraction method and cold extraction method. The plant extracts were then evaluated for antiinflammatory activity using the TPA induced ear oedema inhibitory assay. The inhibition percentage of P. betle and J. gendarussa crude extracts, obtained via hot extraction, were 45.13% and 36.12% respectively. Whereas P. betle and J. gendarussa extracts, obtained via cold extraction, were 43.24% and 43.71 % respectively. However the ethanolic extract from C. filiformis exhibited inflammation promoting activity. And the inhibition percentage for Indomethacin, a known inflammatory inhibitor, is 72.11%.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 26579

A potential formulation containing crude Piper nigrum extract as a functional agent


Ee GCL Chiang Lian; Dzulkefly, K; Lim, SK; Ang, PL
Department of Chemistry; Faculty of Science; Universiti Putra Malaysia; 43400 UPM Serdang; Selangor

15th. Malaysian Society of Plant Physiology Conference;14-16 September 2004;Port Dickson; Negeri Sembilan;p29

Abstract:
The genus Piper is reputed for their medicinal properties. It has been found to be cytotoxic toward leukaemia cells and has also been used to treat stomach ailments, as an insect repellant, a stimulant to induce the secretion of bile and a rubefacient. The bioactive compounds found in various species of Piper are alkaloids/amides, phenols, lignans, neolignans, terpenes, steroids, chalcones and flavanones. In this study, three crude extracts from Piper nigrum (Piperaceae) roots and the essential oil from the pepper berries were screened for toxic activities against the larvae of Aedes aegypti. The extracts indicated significant activities comparable to those reported for the well known insecticidal plant Azadirachta indica. The hexane extract gave a very low LC50 value of 0.45 ug ml-1 while the chloroform extract gave an even lower LC50 value of 0.37 ug ml-l. The methanol extract however, gave a slightly higher LC50 value of 1.6 ug ml-1. These remarkable activities shown by the extracts of Piper nigrum could be turned into useful products. These extracts, if combined with the right adjuvants could be formulated into a bioinsecticide or antiseptic creams.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 26722

The use of inter-simple sequence repeat PCR. Analysis for distinguishing pepper (Piper nigrum L.) Genotypes


Paulus, AD; Rosmah, J; Wilkinson, MJ
Agriculture Research Centre; Semongok; P.O. Box 977, 93720 Kuching; Sarawak, Malaysia

Proceedings of the 4th. National Congress on Genetics; 26-28 Sept. 2000; Genting Highlands; Pahang; p 104-109

Abstract:
Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) PCR analysis was used f differentiating seventeen pepper varieties and two hybrid lines with fi primers. The technique involved DNA extraction and quantification polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using ISSR primers, polyacrylamide g electrophoresis and silver staining to separate out the PCR products. , technique was able to differentiate most of the genotypes tested including those that are morpholgically simi1ar. It could also detect the authenticity of hybrids produced from the conventional breeding programme.

Availability :
Salwana




NO. 26811

Growth rates of various ulam species, light response and aci curves.


Norrizah, JS; Barakbah, SS
Botany Department; University of Malaya; 59100 Kuala Lumpur

Transactions of The Malaysian Society Plant Physiology 2 (vol.2); 27-28 August 1991; University Putra Malaysia; p81-88

Abstract:
Experiments were carried out in the field and in laboratory. Photosynthesis and growth rates were measured in five "ulam" species viz. ulam raja, kesum, pegaga, kaduk and cekur, grown under different light intensities measured as Photosynthetically Active Radiations, PAR. Aci and light response curves were deduced. The values of Amax A360 compensation points and mesophyll conductance, gm' were inferred and calculated from Aci curves. These parameters were assessed for suitability in the construction of a growth model. "Results showed no correlation between growth rates of the five ulam species and either gm or g~, the stomatal conductance. It can be said that the regulat1on of photosynthesis whether at organ level (i.e. gs) or at molecular level (i.e. gm) have little influence over growth in the five species studies.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26820

Induced abscission of floral spikes in black pepper, Piper nigrum


Liew, KL; Rubiah, AW
Plant Sciences; Basic Research Division; MARDI; Serdang; Selangor

Transactions of The Malaysian Society Plant Physiology 2 (vol.2); 27-28 August 1991; University Putra Malaysia; p169-174

Abstract:
Insufficient biomass production in young pepper vines led to plucking of floral spike to obviate biomass loss through fruiting and to enhance vegetative growth. For the induction of abscission of these young floral spikes, monitored up to day 90, abscisic acid from 25 ppm to 1600 ppm was found to have no significant enhancement when applied three times at five or seven day intervals. Ethephon applied from 100 ppm to 200 ppm at either five or seven day interval for three times was found to significantly increase the abscission of floral spikes.

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 26914

Antimicrobial activity of crude aqueous extract of Piper betle against Streptococcus mutans A TTC 25175


Nalina, T; Rahim, ZHA.
Department of Oral Biology; Faculty of Dentistry; University of Malaya; 50603 Kuala Lumpur

26th. Symposium of the Malaysian Society for Microbiology; Langkawi; Kedah; 25-28 November 2004; p54

Abstract:
The crude aqueous of Piper betle (sireh) have been reported to have antibacterial properties towards some of the early colonisers of dental plaque, such as, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus sanguis and Actinomyces viscosus. Its effect on the secondary colonizer, e.g. Streptococcus mutans has not been reported. To date, very little information is available as to the compounds in the Piper betle that are associated with the antibacterial activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the crude aqueous extract of Piper betle on Streptococcus mutans and to determine its active compounds using thin layer chromatography. Antimicrobial activity was assayed using sensitivity test and broth dilution method where the minimal inhibition concentration (MIC) was determined. The compounds in crude aqueous Piper betle were separated using thin layer chromatography with chloroform and methanol as the mobile phase and the antibacterial properties of the separated compounds were determined by bioautography. The sensitivity test showed that the Streptococcus mutans was found to be susceptible to the crude aqueous extract of Piper belle. The diameter of the inhibition zone for concentrations of 5mg/ml and lOmg/ml was found to be 25 ± 0.82 mm and 32 ±0.96 mm, respectively. The MIC value for the extract was found to be 10 mg/ml. Bioautography method showed that some 01 the compounds separated using thin .layer chromatography exhibited antibacterial properties. It can be concluded that the crude aqueous extract of Piper belle may have potential as antiplaque agent.

Availability :
Patahayah




NO. 27247

Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) Viruses in Sarawak: diagnosis and management


Lily, E; Ching, AO
Agricultural Research Centre; Department of Agriculture; P.O. Box 977, Kuching; 93720; Sarawak

Proceeding of the 2005 Conference on Biotechnology of Plantation commodities; 9-11 August 2005; Seri Kembangan; Selangor; p536-544

Abstract:
Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is an important crop for Sarawak. Research by the Agricultural Research Centre in Sarawak has shown that it is susceptible to two viruses, a black pepper yellow mottle virus, which a badnavirus, and a cucumovirus. Protocols based on molecular and serological techniques have been developed for the rapid diagnoses of these viruses. Using these diagnostic tools, virus-free planting material can be selected and propagated. This will reduce the field incidence of the viruses and improve pepper yield. This paper describes the diagnostic methods and the management of the virus diseases in black pepper in Sarawak.

Availability :
Khoo Lip Khoon




NO. 96172

Field screening of indigenous plants against insect pests of rice


Noriel, LM; Dustin, FMY; Vasquez, EA; Sopsop, GO
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights '97; PCARRD, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; 1998; 167p; Malicsi, LC and Joven, JEA (eds); pp. 64-65

Abstract:
'Kot' (Dioscorea hispida D.), 'asyang (Mikania cordata (Burmn.f.)), 'makabuhai'(Tinospora rumphii Lam.),'lantana' (Lantana camara), 'kakawate (Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steud.) and 'buyo' (piper betle') were screened againts rice bug, stemborer and planthoppers.|Botanically treated plots had lower number of rice bugs with T. rumphii having the highest percent reduction in rice bug population.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 96253

Propagation and uses of some medicinal and aromatic plants in the Cordillera


Noble, BF (ed)
Technology Transfer Tips 5 (1): no pagination (1995)

Abstract:
This technology transfer series volume presents information on the propagation and uses of 23 medicinal and aromatic plants in the Cordillera. Plant descriptions and plant parts utilized are likewise discussed.

Availability :
Technical Services-Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Cordillera Administrative Region Loakan Road, Baguio City; Philippines




NO. 96196

Neem oil against aphids in pepper


Seredrica, MVC
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD) Highlights '98; PCARRD,Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; 1999; 120p.; Joven, JEA(ed); p.55

Abstract:
Aphids (Aphis spp.) are major pests in crop production. Aside from causing heavy yield losses, these minute plant sap suckers also serve as vectors of viral diseases. Seredrica (CPU) evaluated the efficacy of neem oil in the control of green aphids (Aphis gossypii). Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) is a tree species whose leaves and seeds are known to have anti-feedant repellant, and insecticidal properties.|Plants treated with neem oil had lower aphid population.|Neem oil at 1,500 ppm was as effective in reducing aphid population as those at 3,000 and 4,500 ppm.|The repellant properties of neem can be attributed to its active principle, azadirachtin, which exhibits a systemic mode of action against aphids.

Availability :
Crops Research Division, Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development




NO. 25856

Phytochemical screening and bioactivity studies of Ardisia elliptica thunb., Cinnamomum sintoc BL., Garcinia hombroniana Pierre and Piper aduncum Linn.


Juriyati, J; Ibrahim, J; Khozirah, S; Iftikhar Ahmad, AR
Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Allied Health Sciences; Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia; Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz; 50300 Kuala Lumpur

Seminar on Medicinal Plants; Tongkat ali, Kacip fatimah, & Pegaga; New Dimensions in Complementary Health Care; 20-21 August 2002; Forest Research Institute Malaysia; p38

Abstract:
The leaves of four plant species,namely, Ardisia elliptica Thunb., Cinnamomum sintoc BI., Carcinia hombroniana Pierre and Piper aduncum Linn. Were screened for alkaloids, triterpenoids, steroids and saponins. The plant species were also evaluated for platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor binding antagonist activity using rabbit platelets and their toxicity against brine shrimp. All species showed the presence of triterpenoids, steroids and saponins. None of the species contained alkaloids. The crude methanolic extract of P.aduncum showed the highest inhibitory effect on PAF receptor binding antogonist with inhibition of 60.0 ± 4.9% at concentration of 18.2 (g/ml. Extract of A. elliptica, G.hombroniana and C. sintoc exhibited inhibition of 53.9 ± 1.3 %,46.3 ± 4.4% and 24.9 ± 3.1 % respectively. The brine shrimp lethality test revealed that extract of C. sintoc and P. aduncum displayed significant toxicity with IC50 of 34.6 ppm and 221.0 ppm respectively. All extract were further partitioned into ethyl acetate, buthanol and methanol fractions. The bioactivity of these fractions will also be discussed.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 27244

Isolation and cloning of coat protein gene of pepper Cucumovirus


Sim, SL; Siti Aminah; Eng, L; Tan, CC; Cardosa, MJ
Institute of Health and Community Medicine; Universiti Malaysia Sarawak;Kota Samarahan; Sarawak.

Proceeding of the 2005 Conference on Biotechnology of Plantation commodities; 9-11 August 2005; Seri Kembangan; Selangor; p478-484

Abstract:
The coat protein gene of pepper cucumovirus has been isolated from young infected leaves of pepper (Piper nigrum L). The gene was sequenced and found to be closely related to the Tfn strain of Cucumber Mosaic Virus with 92% similarity. The coat protein gene has been cloned into E. coli and expressed as a recombinant protein. The recombinant protein, expressed as a C-terminalfusion with S-tag, was also detected by S-protein HRP conjugate (Novagen). It has been shown that large preparation of the antigen could be made for antisera production.

Availability :
Khoo Lip Khoon




NO. 27062

Chemical studies on bioactive constituents from some Malaysian medicinal plants


Hasnah, MS; Farediah, A; Shajarahtunnur, J; Norazah, B; Ngai, MH; M. Shahrizal, A; Oh, BT
Department of Chemistry; Faculty of Science; Universiti Teknologi Malaysia; 81310 Skudai; Johore

International Science Congress 2005; 3-6 August 2005; Kuala Lumpur

Abstract:
Chemical components of several Malaysian medicinal plants have been investigated. Among them are the plants of Zingiberaceae, and Piperaceae. Most of the plants investigated are from the genus Zingiber, Curcuma, Alpinia, Kaempferia and Piper. A variety of bioactive constituents have been isolated using various chromatographic techniques and identified spectroscopically from these plants. Sesquiterpenoids, phenylpropanoids, flavonoids, diarylheptanoids, amides, lignans and diterpenoids have been found to be the major constituents of these plants, which provide some interesting biological activities such as antimicrobes, antioxidant, anticancer, antityrosinase, antiinflammatory and cytotoxicity. The chemistry of some of these compounds have been studied via chemical transformation to form derivatives. These derivatives have been screened for their biological activities. In this symposium some results will be presented.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 27064

Chemical studies on some Malaysian piper


Farediah, A; Hasnah, MS; Shajarahtunnur, J; Jaya, C; Oh, BT; Rasadah, A
Department of Chemistry; Faculty of Science; Universiti Teknologi Malaysia; 81310 Skudai; Johor

International Science Congress 2005; 3-6 August 2005; Kuala Lumpur

Abstract:
Chemical studies on the leaves, twigs and fruits of Malaysian Piperaceae have yielded several classes of interesting bioactive compounds. Dillapiole, dihydrochalcone, and benzoic acid derivatives have been characterized from the fruits of P. aduncum. Transtetramethoxystilbene and 5,7-dimethoxyflavone have been identified from P. caninum, while methyl eupomatenoid, eupomatenoid and canocarpan were from the leaves of P. magnibacum. 5,7-dimethoxyflavone and sesamine have been isolated from P. porphyrophyllum, while dillapiole and dehydrodieugenol were characterized from the leaves and twigs of P. pedicellocum. P. ridleyi and P. mangayi produced N-isobutylamide such as retrofractamide, ridleyamide, futoamide and nonatrienamide.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 27076

Chemical investigation on essential oils from some Malaysian aromatic plants


Nor Azah, MA; Mailina, J; Abu Said, A; Abd. Majid, J; Mohd. Faridz, Z; Siti Aishah, H; Zainon, AS; Noorsiha, A
Medicinal Plants Programme; Biotechnology Division Forest Research Institute Malaysia; 52109 Kepong; Selangor

International Science Congress 2005; 3-6 August 2005; Kuala Lumpur

Abstract:
In an ongoing research on the chemical composition of some local Malaysian aromatic plants and evaluation of their potential beneficial properties, leaf, stem bark or flower essential oils from selected families; Zingiberaceae, Rutaceae, Piperaceae, Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Magnoliaceae and Lauraceae were investigated and chemical constituents determined. Species such as Zingiber zerumbet, Curcuma manga, Curcuma aeruginosa, Amomum testaceum, Citrus hystrix, Citrus maxima, Piper betle, Piper ribesioides, Xylopia caudata, Xylopia malayana, Vallaris glabra, Michelia alba, Cinnamomum verum, Cinnamomum scortechenii and Cinnamomum impressiscostatum were included in this study. Identification of the chemical components was based on comparison of their mass spectral data with the Wiley library data base, comparison of calculated retention indices with literature values and co-chromatography of some of the chemical constituents with authentic chemical standards. The current research carried out by the Forest Research Institute of Malaysia will enhance the use of local essential oils in product development especially towards the pharmaceutical, fragrance and cosmeceutical industries.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 27230

Pepper breeding in Sarawak, Malaysia: progress and achievements


Paulus, AD; Rosmah, J; Sim, SL
Agriculture Research Centre; Semongok; Dept of Agric.; Sarawak

Proceeding of the 2005 Conference on Biotechnology of Plantation commodities; 9-11 August 2005; Seri Kembangan; Selangor; p275-278

Abstract:
Pepper (Piper nigrum L) has been planted in Sarawak since 1856. The Department of Agriculture, Sarawak has initiated a long term pepper breeding programme since 1963 with the objective of increasing yield and resistance to major pests and diseases. Being asexually propagated, clonal selection has been adopted for pepper breeding in Sarawak Clonal selection is carried out by utilising the existing variability, the collection of introduced varieties, through hybridisation, open and self pollination, and using mutagen treatment. The hybridisation programme together with self and open pollination programmes have generated 30, 444 genotypes, thus providing a large population base with a wide range of genetic variabilities. To date, fifteen of them have been identified as very promising and are being bulked-up for further testing. A selection from an introduced collection, PN106 has potential to be released as an additional variety; it has good green berry yield, is more tolerant to black berry and Phytophthora foot rot diseases, and is more pungent as compared to 'Kuching'. From the mutation breeding programme, M841 has been identified as promising. To complement the conventional breeding programme, efforts have been made in the use of biotechnological tools such as DNA fingerprinting of pepper genotypes and genetic transformation to produce pepper with delayed and uniform berry ripening characteristics. The significant achievement in the varietal improvement programme has been the release of two varieties, viz. Semongok perak in 1988 and Semongok emas in 1991 for pepper farmers in the State. Even though 'Kuching' is still the main variety cultivated by farmers in Sarawak, 'Semongok emas' has been grown together with this variety at several farms in the major pepper growing areas throughout the State.

Availability :
Khoo Lip Khoon




NO. 15237

Effect of Thai plant extracts on the oriental fruit fly I. Toxicity test


Areekul, S; Sinchaisri, P; Tigvatananon, S
Thai Abstracts: Science and Technology 16: 92-93 (1991)

Abstract:
Extracts of plant materials were prepared by employing three procedures, namely the control, the soxhlet extraction and the water distillation methods. Three hundred and three extracts from 165 species of plants were tested against two-day old adult Oriental fruit flies using the mist spray at the rate of one gram equivalent each. Extracts from plant parts which demonstrated moderately high to high toxicities were rhizomes of Alpinia officinarium, fruit skin of Annona squamosa, whole plants of Artemisia pallens, fruits of Croton tiglium, branches of Diospyros philippensis, whole plants of Euphorbia tirucalli, leaves of Nicotiana tabacum, leaves and branches of Pedilanthus tithymaloides, black seeds of Piper nigrum, flowers of Tithonia diversifolia, rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, and rhizomes of 'chang kan' and 'phra taba'. Moderate toxicity effect was observed from extracts of nuts of Areca catechu, leaves and branches of Azadirachta indica var. siamensis, fruit skin of Citrus sinensis, and roots of Stemona tuberosa. Mild toxic potency was detected from extracts of rhizomes of Acorus calamus, bulbs of Allium sativum, leaves of Alstonia macrophylla, seeds of Amomum cardamomum, whole plants of Anetum graveolens, roots of Artemisia vulgaris, roots of Chrysanthemum coronarium, rhizomes of Curcuma comosa, leaves and flowers of Euphorbia pulcherrima, fruit skins of Garcinia mangostana, rhizomes of Gastrochilus panduratus, flowers of Gomphrena globosa, leaves and flowers of Jussiaea linifolia, leaves of Lactuca sativa, leaves of Piper betle, leaves of Paederia foetida, leaves and flowers of Sphaeranthus africanus, leaves of Stephania hernandifolia, and rhizomes of Thunbergia laurifloia. Among unidentified plant species, of 'kho-thong-kae', 'klob-jak-ka-wan', 'petch-ma', 'plalai-yai', and 'saboo-thong' were under this category.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 15390

Diseases of betel vine.


Silayoi I
Thai Abstracts: Science and Technology 16: 96 (1991)

Abstract:
Betel vine (Piper betle) is one economically important medicinal plants of Thailand. It is widely cultivated in the North-eastern, Eastern and Central parts of the country. However, there are many problems to be overcome before maximum yield can be approached. Disease damage to the crop is one of several known limiting factors. The major disease is foot rot (Phytophthora parasitica); it can cause extremely heavy losses throughout the growing areas. Other diseases are: Rhizoctonia root rot (Rhizotonia solani), Sclerotium wilt (Sclerotium rolfsii), Pythium root rot (Pythium splendens), anthracnose (Colletotrichum dasturii), Phoma leaf spot (Phoma sp.) powdery mildew (Oidium piperis), bacterial leaf spot (Pseudomonas betle), mosaic (Virus) and root knot (Meloidogyne incognita). Effective control measures are also recommended.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 15526

Pepper


Silayoi, I
Thai Abstracts Science and Technology. 9: 122 (1984)

Abstract:
Pepper is one of the most important economical spices. Its fruits and seeds are used in daily diet. The plant is mostly grown in the warm humid area which brings good income to the growers with an annual average of 30,000 baht per rai. The dry seed can be stored with out any harmful lost. There are five varieties of pepper collected in Thailand, namely the Malaysian, the Sarawac, Palien, the Local Krabi and the Chantaburi varieties.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 15731

Antibacterial activity of extracts of Piper betel leaf.


Tappayuthpijarn, P; Dejatiwongse Na Ayudhya, Q; Leelaporn, A
Thai Abstracts Science and Technology. 13: 48-49 (1988)

Abstract:
Piper betel (L.) leaves were extracted employing the Soxhlet method. The crude extract samples obtained were : volatile oil, petroleum ether extract, ether extract, absolute alcohol and distilled water extracts. Each of these crude extract samples was tested for their inhibitory effects on the growth of 3 species of bacteria isolated from the out patients who attended out Patient Department at Siriraj Hospital Medical School from April 1982 to August 1982. The 3 species tested were 122 strains of Staphylococcus aureus, 31 strains of Escherichia coli and 57 strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The results showed that S. aureus was the most sensitive microorganism to all extracts, while E. coli and Ps. aeruginosa showed similar response but somewhat less sensitive. Among these 4 extracts including the volatile oil, the last mentioned exhibited the highest activity of the inhibitory effect on the growth of the 3 species of bacteria tested i.e. its MIC90 against S. aureus was 0.017 mg/ml. Ether and petroleum ether extracts showed less potent activity having MIC90 against S. aureus of 0.154 and 0.2 mg/ml respectively. The antibacterial activity was found to be lowest in the water extract fraction.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 15910

Root rot diseases of Betel vine.


Silayoi, I,; et al
Thai Abstracts Science and Technology. 13: 121 (1988)

Abstract:
Betel vine (Piper betle) is one of the crops which is commonly grown in the central and northeastern parts of Thailand. A full grown vine will yield approximately 40,000 baht income per rai a year. There are many problems to be overcome before maximum yield can be reached. Disease damage to the crop is a one big of several known limiting factors. An important disease of betel vine is root rot caused by Phytophthora parasitica Dast. For instances, it can cause heavy losses, more than 90 per cent, to crop stand in the growing areas. Pathogenicity test of the fungus was also conducted on Piper chaba, P. sarmentosum, P. colubrinum, P. betel var. densum, P. nigrum; all the host plants showed symptoms.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 16555

Indigenous Thai plants with anti-gastric ulcer potential


Kanjanapothi, D.; Amornlerdpison, D. and Rujjanawate, C.
Laboratory of Natural Products, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Research Center at Chiangmai University, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand,

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare: 38 (2003)

Abstract:
Ten plants mentioned in Thai traditional medicine as agents for gastric ulcer healing. were screened for their anti-gastric ulcer activity. The selected plants were Aegle marmelos Corr., Acorus calamus Linn., Myristica fragrans Houtt., Piper ribersiodes, Piper sarmentosum, Piper sylvaticum, Terminalia chebula Retz., Terminalia spp., Tinospora crispa and Zingiber cassumunar Roxb. Screening for anti-gastric ulcer activity of the ethanolic extract of these plants was done in rats using water immersion-induced stress ulcers model. It was found that Piper ribersiodes, Piper sarmentosum and Piper sylvaticum exhibited marked activity. Further investigation for the activity of these three extracts was done in rats with ethanol-induced ulcers, indomethacin-induced ulcers and pylorus-ligation. Effect of the extracts on gastric mucous content was also assayed. The three extracts could inhibit gastric ulcer formation in all the test models but failed to inhibit gastric secretion in the pylorus ligated-rats. Gastric mucus content in the extract treated groups was higher than that in the non-treated group. These results suggest that the ethanolic extracts of Piper ribersiodes, Piper sarmentosum and Piper sylvaticum exert their anti-gastric ulcer effect via cytoprotective action.

Availability :
Chiang Mai University Library




NO. 16605

Herbal antioxidants attenuate doxorubicin-induced


Wattanapitayakul, S.K.; Herunsalee, A.; Chularojmontri, L.; Niumsakul, S. and Charuchongkolwongse, S.
Division of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand. (suvara_w@yahoo.com)

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 399. (2003)

Abstract:
Doxorubicin (adriamycin) is an important and effective anticancer drug widely used for the treatment of various types of cancer but its clinical use is limited by dose-dependent cardiotoxicity in over 20 percent of patients. Elevated tissue levels of cellular superoxide anion/oxidative stress are a mechanism by which doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. Here we tested the hypothesis that herbal extracts with known antioxidant activity will exert cardioprotective effect against doxorubicin. The cardiac myoblast cell line H9C2 was incubated with various medicinal plant extracts, including Curcuma longa L.(CL), Morus alba L. (MA), Phyllanthus emblica L. (PE), Phyllanthus urinaria L. (PU) and Piper rostratum Roxb. (PR.), and then tested for their cardioprotective effects. Ethanol extract from PE showed the highest antioxidant properties evaluated by ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. Vitamin C and Trolox (water-soluble form of vitamin E) did not protect doxorubicin-indued cytotoxicity while cardoprotective effects were observed in all plant extracts except PE. Further studies in a cervix adenocarcinoma cell line (HeLa) showed no reduction in anticancer activity (log dose-response curve) of doxorubicin in the presence of all herbal extracts. The data demonstrate that antioxidants from medicinal sources may be useful in the protection of cardiotoxicity in patients who receive doxorubicin.

Availability :
Chiang Mai University Library




NO. 16616

Inhibitory effect of some medicinal plant extracts on the growth of Ascosphaera apis


Chantawannakul, P.; Puchanichanthranon, T. and Wongsiri, S.
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand. (panuwan@yahoo.com)

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 421. (2003)

Abstract:
Ascosphaera apis is a fungal pathogen causing Chalkbrood disease in honey bee larvae. Chalkbrood is most frequent during damp conditions. Infected larvae turn chalky white color, become hard and then turn black. It can be regarded as 'the most widespread infectious disease' in Thailand and this has led to economic loss in apiculture. A. apis strains were isolated on Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) from the dead honey bee larvae, collected from infected hives in Northern Thailand. The fugal strains were identified as A. apis by their morphology in comparison with the A. apis IFO9831. We aim to find an alternative approach by using medicinal plants in combating and controlling the disease. Studies on the effect of crude medicinal plant extracts, therefore, have been carried out. Dried powdered plants (Allium sativum Linn., Eugenia caryophyllum Bullock&Harrison, Piper betle, Curcuma longa Linn., Illicium verum Hook, Cinnamomum cassia, Rhinacanthus nasutus Kurz, Azadirachta siamensis, Acorus calamus Linn., and Stemona tuberose Lour) were extracted in seven different solvents by incubating for 48 hours. The aqueous extracts in suitable solvent of E. caryophyllum Bullock&Harrison, P. betle, I. verum Hook, C. cassia, A. calamus Linn. and S. tuberose Lou gave inhibitory effect when tested with Thai isolates of Ascosphaera apis. Various concentrations (0.25-10%) of the extract of the six chosen plants were experimented. Cinnamomum cassia and Piper betle (1.5-2% (w/v)) gave the best inhibitory effect on the fungal growth. The further analysis of these active compounds was done by using Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC).

Availability :
Chiang Mai University Library




NO. 16630

Anticandidal activity of 18 essential oils extracted from thai medicinal plants


Sookkhee, S.; Krisanaprakrnkij, S.; Chatmahamongkol, W.; Muttarak, W.; Wattanarat, O.; Somjitra, P.; Manosroi, J. and Manosroi, A.
Department of Odontology and Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand. (ssookkhee@hotmail.com)

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 449. (2003)

Abstract:
Oral candidiasis is one of the oral fungal infection which has been recognized in the treatment for many years ago. Herbal therapy is one of the well-known and popular therapeutic method for many infections including oral cavity. The present study was to screen the anticandidal activity of 18 essential oils extracted form Thai medical plants, namely, Ocimum sanctum, Ocimum basilicum, Curcuma longa, Alpinia officinarum, Piper betel, Cymbopogon citratus, Cymbopogon nardus, Zingiber montanum, Vetiveria zizanioides, Lavandula angustifola, Piper nigrum, Ocimum americanum, Hyptis suaveolens, Fanthoxylum budrunga, Zingiber officinalis, Eugenia caryophyllen, Alpinia nigra and Citrus hystrix. The anticandidal activity was performed by agar-diffusion and broth-dilution technique using one laboratory (Candida albicans ATCC 10231) and 30 clinical oral isolated Candida albicans. Nystatin was used as a positive control. Twelve oil extracts except Ocimum sanctum, Alpinia officinarum, Piper betel, Piper nigrum, Hyptis suaveolens, Fanthoxylum budrunga and Zingiber officinalis gave the potent anticandidal activity. The three most active oil extracts were from Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum americanum and Eugenia caryophyllen exhibited the activity against all of tested Candida by agardiffusion technique compared with the activity of nystatin standard disk (used as positive control). Approximately 2-fold of clear zone diameter of these oils against C. albicans ATCC 10231 was demonstrated after compared with the diameter of positive control. The further study exhibited that their minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC90) to inhibit C. albicans ATCC 10231 were 1:64 by brothdilution technique. Other active oil extracts which were Ocimum basilicum, Curcuma longa, Cymbopogon nardus, Zingiber montanum, Vetiveria zizanioides, Lavandula angustifola, Zingiber officinalis, Alpinia nigra and Citrus hystrix exhibited their MIC90 in a range between 1:8 to 1:32. This suggested the possibility of using some aromatic oil from Thai medicinal plants for oral candidal infection treatment.

Availability :
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NO. 16651

Study of antioxidant property of some selected thai medicinal flowers and roots an In Vitro study by heinz body induction


Suwansaksri, J.; Wiwaiiitkit, V.; Soogarun, S.; Prachasilp, J. and Chotipheut, A.
Chulalongkom University, Bangkok, Thailand. (sjamsai@pioneer.netserv.chula.ac.th)

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 530. (2003)

Abstract:
Since the last decade, Thai traditional medicine has been awakened. Several parts of the plants such as leaves, roots, flowers and branches may have some different pharmacological effects. Their pharmacological effects such as antipyretic and antiseptic have been proved scientifically in many reports. The aim of the study is to test the antioxidant property of some selected Thai medicinal flowers and roots using the Heinz body model. Six flowers (as Nelumbo nicifera Gaertn, Carthamms tinctorius Linn. Mimusops elengi Linn., Ochrocarpus siamensis T. Anders, Mesua ferrea Linn. and Jasminum sambac Linn.) and eight roots (as Harrisonia perforata, Plumbag zeylaica Linn., Piper sarmentosum Roxb., Capparis micracantha DC., Clerodendrum indicum, Baliospernum axillare Blume, Ficus racemosa Linn. and Tiliacora triandra Diels) were studied. According to our study, 4 flowers (as Nelumbo nicifera Gaertn, Carthamus tinctorius Linn., Mimusops elengi Linn., Ochrocarpus siamensis T. Anders) and 1 root (as Plumbago zeylanic Linn.) showed positive inhibition effect. Of these 5 positive herbs, Ochrocarpus siamensis T. Anders, showed the strongest inhibition effect. Conclusively, the antioxidant property of the each selected herb is different from one another. This finding may be due to the difference of total antioxidant in each herb.

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NO. 16654

Comparison of spasmolytic activities of Piper longum, Piper sarmentosum and Quercus infectoria extracts with loperamide and verapamil in rat and guineapig intestinal tissues


Thaina, P.; Poonpanang, P. and Sawangjaroen, K.
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat-Yai 90112, Thailand. (tpeerara@ratree.psu.ac.th)

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 538. (2003)

Abstract:
Methanolic extracts from dried fruits, roots and galls of P. longum Linn., P. sarmentosum Roxb. and Q. infectoria Olivier respectively, were examined for their spasmolytic activities using isolated rat or guinea-pig ileums by comparison with a reference antidiarrheal, loperamide and L-type calcium channel blocker, verapamil. Isolated rat ileums were contracted by acetylcholine (ACh, 10 µM) and serotonin (5HT, 3 µM), while guinea-pig ileums were contracted by histamine (Hist, 1 µM). Prior application of P. longum, P. sarmentosum and Q. infectoria extracts into the bathing solution, the contraction-induced by ACh, 5HT and Hist were concentration-dependently inhibited with the IC50 of 91, 6, 54 µg/ml; 88, 13, 44 µg/ml and 343, 36, 377 µg/ml, respectively. Loperamide and verapamil exhibited similar patterns of inhibitions with IC50 of 0.61, 0.89, 0.42 µg/ml and 0.44, 0.15, 0.70 µg/m] respectively. All extracts and both drugs also suppressed the contraction-evoked by KCl (30 mM) in rat ileums and caused the rightward shift of concentration-response curves of CaCl2-induced contractions of guinea-pig ileums in a concentration-dependent manners. It is known that the contraction-induced by agonists and KCl are mainly due to calcium influx through L-type calcium channels which opened indirectly and directly by agonist-receptor activation and KCl, respectively. Thus, it is concluded that the spasmolytic activities of all extracts may occur mainly through interruption of calcium influx via voltage-gated channels. The order of potency is P. longum = P. sarmentosum > Q. infectoria. They are much less potent than loperamide and verapamil.

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NO. 16659

Immunomodulating activities of extracts and aromatic oils from thai medicinal plants


Manosroi, J.; Dhumtanom, P.; Jansom, C.; Jainonthee, P.and Manosroi, A.
Pharmaceutical-Cosmetic Raw Materials and Natural Products Research and Development Center (PCRNC), Institute for Science and Technology Research and Development, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50202, Thailand. (pmptiOO6@chiangmai.ac.th)

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 560. (2003)

Abstract:
Immunomodulating activities of extracts and aromatic oils from Thai medicinal plants were tested for in vitro phagocytosis response of mouse macrophages and proliferation assay of mouse lymphochytes from spleen, born marrow and thymocytes. The plant extracts were Turmeric (Curcuma longa, L.), Betel Vine (Piper betle, L.), Peper (Piper nigrum, L.), Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana, Bertoni.), Pueraria mirifica, Butea superba, Pouteria cambodiana, Clausena excavala, Chili Peper (Capsicum frutescens), Carthaginian Apple (Punica granatum, L.), Cassia Bark (Cinnamomum cassia), Noni (Morinda citrifolia, L.) Gynostemma pentaphyllum, Solanum laciniatum Ait, Stephania venosa and the aromatic oils which were Holy Basil (Ocimum sanctum, Linn.), Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum, Linn.) Turrneric (Curcuma longa, L.), Lesser Galanga (Alpinia officinarum), Betel Vine (Piper betel, Linn.), Lemon Grass (Cymbopogon citrates, Stapf), Citronella (Cymbopogon nardus, Rendle), Plai (Zingiber montanum), Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides), Lavender (Lavandula angustifola, P.), Kaffir Lime Leaf (Citrus hystrix, DC) and Blaqk Pepper (Piper nigrum, L.). The results suggested the tendency of in vitro immunomodulating activity of some plant extracts and aromatic oils which can be further developed as active constituents in nutraceutical products.

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NO. 16625

Free radical scavenging and tyrosinase inhibition activity of aromatic volatile oil from thai medicinal plants for cosmetic use


Manosroi, A.; Jansom, C. and Manosroi, J.
Pharmaceutical-Cosmetic Raw Materials and Natural Products Research and Development Center (PCRNC), Institute for Science and Technology Research and Development, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50202, Thailand. (pmpti006@chiangmai.ac.th)

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 435. (2003)

Abstract:
The objective of this study was to investigate the free radical scavenging and tyrosinase inhibition activity of thirteen aromatic volatile oil samples extracted from Thai medicinal plants. They are Holy Basil (Ocimum sanctum, Linn.), Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum, Linn.), Turmeric (Curcuma longa, L.), Lesser Galanga (Alpinia officinarum), Betel Vine (Piper betel, Linn.), Lemon Grass (Cymbopogon citrates, Stapf), Citronella (Cymbopogon nardus, Rendle), Plai (Zingiber montanum), Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides), Lavender (Lavandula angustifola, P.), Kaffir Lime Leaf (Citrus hystrix, DC.), Kaffir Lime (Citrus hystrix, DC.) and Black Peper (Piper nigrum, L.). In free radical scavenging assay, a stable free radical DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2- picryhydrazyl) was used and the absorbance at 570 nm was measured. In tyrosinase inhibition test, mushroom tyrosinase was used and the absorbance at 450 nm was measured by a 96-well reader. Only Betel Vine and Holy Basil oil samples gave free radical scavenging activity of about 15% (%RRA / residual rate of absorbance at 570 nm after 5 mins) comparable to vitamin E and vitamin C which are widely used in antiwrinkle cosmetics. Both Kaffir Lime leaf and Kaffir Lime fruit oil showed the tyrosinase inhibition (inhibition melanin formation from tyrosine by enzyme tyrosinase) potency of about 100% the same as kojic acid which is the popular compound for whitening cosmetics.

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NO. 16798

Antimicrobial Activity of Betel Vine (Piper betle Linn.) Extracts in Thailand
Kan okrit yapyang chulisi khong san sakat plu nai prathet Thai.

Dilokkunanant, U.; Mongkolsook, Y.; Kongkathip, N.; Sukattal, U.; Rattanal, W. Rakthaworn, P.
Kasetsart Agricultural and Agro-industrial Product Improvement Institute, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand

The Procedings of 42nd Kasetsart University Annual Conference 2004, Feb 3-6, 2004; Kasetsart University; Bangkok, Thailand.: p090_11. (in CD ROM)

Abstract:
Upon a surveying of betel vine (Piper belle Linn), 74 betel vine samples were put into solvent extractions. Dried leaves of each sample was cold extracted firstly by petroleum ether and followed by ethanol. Antimicrobial activities of the extracts were then tested on 4 microbes; Aspergillus niger, Trichophyton metagrophytes, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus sp., by using Agar Disc Diffusion Method. The results showed that, the extracts from both solvents; petroleum ether and ethanol, gave the highest inhibition activity to T. metagrophytes, followed by S. aureus, A. niger and Streptococcus sp., respectively. It was also found that, the extracts from PiPr 015 (Prachin Buri), and from PiSuK 055 (Sukhothai) showed the highest inhibition activity.

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NO. 16790

An in vitro evaluation of Piper betle skin cream as an anti-zoonotic dermatophytes
Kan phattana phu khrim phuea chai nai kan raksa rok phio hnang thi koet chak chueara chueng titto su kan rahwang khon lae sat.

Trakranrumsie, N; Chatchawanchonteera, A; Khunkitti, W
Faculty of Veterinary Science, Mahidol University Salaya Campus, Nakompatom, Thailand; e-mail: N. Trakranrungsie

The Procedings of 42nd Kasetsart University Annual Conference 2004, Feb 3-6, 2004; Kasetsart University; Bangkok, Thailand: p 018_03.(in CD ROM)

Abstract:
Our previous studies suggested the ethanolic extract of Piper betle leaves exhibited antifungal activities with more potency than the extracts of A. galanga and A. ascalonicum. In the present study, the 10% Piper betle skin cream (Plu cream) was formulated, subjected to physical and microbiological control, and tested for the effect against zoonotic derrnatophytes in vitro. The Plu cream, slightly acidic, was dark green in colour with a typical smell of Piper betle leaves. After ten freeze-thaw cycles, the cream was darkening and markedly thickening. Its pH also increased significantly. No bacterial and fungal contamination was detected from the Plu cream samples. The disc diffusion assay revealed comparable zones of inhibition between 80 µg Plu cream disc and 80 µg ketoconazole cream disc against M. cants, M. gypseum, and T. mentagrophyte at 96 h after incubation. Thereafter, the inhibitory effect of Plu cream markedly decreased and completely loss by day 7. Meanwhile, the effect of ketoconazole cream reduced gradually and was still effective against M. cants and T. mentagrophyte after 7 days of incubation. In summary it was suggested that the Plu cream has potential therapeutic value for treatment of dermatophytosis. However, clinical testing as well as improving the Plu crearri formulation with greater efficacy and duration of action would be of interest and await further investigation.

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NO. 16819

Antimicrobial Activity of Betel Vine (Piper betle Linn.) Extracts in Thailand
Kan okrit yapyang chulisi khong san sakat plu nai prathet thai.

Dilokkunanant, U; Mongkolsook, Y; Kongkathip, N; Sukattal, U; Rattanal, W; Rakthaworn, P
Kasetsart Agricultural and Agro-industrial Product Improvement Institute, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand

The Proceedings of 42nd Kasetsart University Annual Conference 2004. On 3-6 Feb, 2004; Kasetsart University; Bangkok, Thailand. (in CD-ROM)

Abstract:
Upon a surveying of betel vine (Piper belle Linn), 74 betel vine samples were put into solvent extractions. Dried leaves of each sample was cold extracted firstly by petroleum ether and followed by ethanol. Antimicrobial activities of the extracts were then tested on 4 microbes; Aspergillus niger, Trichophyton metagrophytes, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus sp., by using Agar Disc Diffusion Method. The results showed that, the extracts from both solvents; petroleum ether and ethanol, gave the highest inhibition activity to T. metagrophytes, followed by S. aureus, A. niger and Streptococcus sp., respectively. It was also found that, the extracts from PiPr 015 (Prachin Buri), and from PiSuK 055 (Sukhothai) showed the highest inhibition activity.

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NO. 16723

Efficiency of some local plant extractions to control flea beetles (Phyllotreta spp.)
Prasittiphap nai kan pongkan kamchat duang mat phak khong san sakat chak phuet phuen mueang bang chanit.

Sottikul, A.
Lampang Agricultural Research and Training Center, Rajamangala Institute of Technology; Lampang, Thailand

The Fifth National Plant Protection Conference, Processing 1 : Oral Session , November 21-23, 2004; Felix Riverkhwae Hotel, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.: 47 (2002)

Abstract:
The experiment was conducted at Lampang Agricultural Research and Training Center during February 1998 - September 2000. The 47 local plants were extracted by alcohol and diluted 10% and sprayed directly to flea beetles by chemical efficiency test machine. It was found that 100% of the flea beetles was killed within 24 hours by derris root extract and the number of flea beetle mortality by Stemona sp, Phyllanthus amarus, Piper chaba, Pouzolzia peritonea, Piper nigrum and Sophora tomentosa were 94.4, 59.3, 59.0, 48.7, 48.4 and 47.2% respectively. The other plant extracts killed fewer flea beetle. The best extract to control flea beetle was derris extract. Then a study was designed to determine how to extract in the field by water or alcohol extraction. The first was to determine the efficiency of water extraction at 0.1, 0.15, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1 % (D1 ) concentration for flea beetle mortality by spraying directly. It was found that mortality were 26.8, 50.2, 91.8, 99.3, 100 and 100%. After that, the powdered derris root was extracted by 95% ethyl alcohol at the rate of 20 g/ 100mi by soaking for 24 hours. Before use, it was diluted to 1 % (D2) and 0.1 % (D3). Flea beetles were sprayed with Dl (l % water extraction), D2 and D3. Carbaryl and water were used as control, both in the laboratory and Brassica chinenis field. After 24 hr., mortality in the laboratory were 100, 100, 26.8, 100 and 0%. The number of survived flea beetles and leaf holes, caused by flea beetles, were counted in the field. There were 24.0, 25.3, 51.3, 38.8 and 97.3 survived flea beetles and 9.8, 9.2, 15.8, 11.9 and 20.0 hoies/plant, respectively. The shelf life of D l was tested at 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 days after extraction by spraying directly onto flea beetles in-the laboratory. It was found that the 100% efficiency of Dl was obtained at less than 20 days after extraction. The 1 % ethyl alcohol extraction was investigated for its shelf life, as well by soaking at the concentration of 20% for 24 hr. and diluted to 1 % before spraying directly to flea beetles every month for 12 months. Shelf life for 1 00% efficiency was found to be up to 8 months.

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NO. 16811

An in vitro evaluation of Piper betle skin cream as an anti-zoonotic dermatophytes
Kan phattana phu khim phuea chai nai kan raksa rok phio hnang thi koet chak ra chueng titto su kan rahwang khon lae sat.

Trakranrumsie, N; Chatchawanchonteera, A; Khunkitti, W
Faculty of Veterinary Science, Mahidol University Salaya Campus, Nakompatom, Thailand; e-mail: N. Trakranrungsie

The Proceedings of 42nd Kasetsart University Annual Conference 2004. On 3-6 Feb, 2004; Kasetsart University; Bangkok, Thailand. (in CD-ROM)

Abstract:
Our previous studies suggested the ethanolic extract of P. belle leaves exhibited antifungal activities with more potency than the extracts of A. galanga and A. ascalonicum. In the present study, the 10% P. belle skin cream (Plu cream) was formulated, subjected to physical and microbiological control, and tested for the effect against zoonotic derrnatophytes in vitro. The Plu cream, slightly acidic, was dark green in colour with a typical smell of P. belle leaves. After ten freeze-thaw cycles, the cream was darkening and markedly thickening. Its pH also increased significantly. No bacterial and fungal contamination was detected from the Plu cream samples. The disc diffusion assay revealed comparable zones of inhibition between 80 µg Plu cream disc and 80 µg ketoconazole cream disc against M. cants, M. gypseum, and T. mentagrophyte at 96 h after incubation. Thereafter, the inhibitory effect of Plu cream markedly decreased and completely loss by day 7. Meanwhile, the effect of ketoconazole cream reduced gradually and was still effective against M. cants and T. mentagrophyte after 7 days of incubation. In summary it was suggested that the Plu cream has potential therapeutic value for treatment of dermatophytosis. However, clinical testing as well as improving the Plu crearri formulation with greater efficacy and duration of action would be of interest and await further investigation.

Availability :
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NO. 16976

Larvicidal Effect of Piper retrofractum Vahl (Piperaceae) Extract against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus


Komalamisra, N; Palaku; K; Srisawat, R; Thongtokit, Y
Insecticide Research Unit, Department of Medical Entomology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, 420/6 Rajvthi Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand

The Forth International Conference on Biopesticides: Phytochemicals and Natural Products for the Progress of Mankind on February 13-18,2005, Imperial Mae Ping Hotel, Chiang Mai, Thailand: 17(2005)

Abstract:
Fresh Piper retrofractum was chopped and macerated with distilled water and 95% ethanol for 1 day, 3 days and 10 days. Each filtration was tested against fourth instar larvae of Aedes agypti and Culex quinquefasciatus. Larval mortality were recorded after 24 hours and 48 hours exposure. The result revealed that the extract solution of 1-, 3-days maceration with water and 95% ethanol showed similar larvicde activity against Ae aegypti at LC50 of 0.015%, 0.016%, 0.016% and 0.014% wet w/v respectively. Three-days water extract has larvicide effect against Cx. quinquefasciatus (LC50 = 0.008% wet w/v) more than 1-day and 10-days extract, while the alcoholic extract of different maceration days gave similar larvicide effect (LC50 = 0.006%, 0.005% and 0.005% wet w/v). However, longer exposure to every extracts will increase the percent of larval mortality. Cx. quinquefasciatus revealed more susceptible to alcoholic extract of Piper retrofractum than Ae aegypti (for 1-day extract at 24 hours exposure LC50 = 0.006%, LC95 = 0.012% and LC50 = 0.016%, LC95 = 0.042%, respectively). The high efficiency and ease preparation of the Piper retrofractum extract made it a method of choice for people to use as the household phytoinsecticide to control mosquito larvae.

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NO. 16038

Effect of Thai medicinal plant extracts on growth of phytopathogenic bacteria
Phon khong san sakat chak phuet samun pai Thai to kan Charoen Khong baek tiria sahet rok phuet

Leksomboon, C.; Thaveechai, N.; Kositratana, W.
Abstract The 36th Kasetsart university annual conference, 1998. P.10.

Abstract:
Eight Thai medicinal plant extracts were prepared from Clinacanthus nutans, Rhinacanthus nasutus, Eupatorium odoratum, Shorea roxburghii, Croton oblongifolius, Hibiscus subdariffa, Psidium guajava and Piper sarmentosum by extraction leaf tissues with water at 1:2 ratio of fresh weight by volume except extract of S. roxburghii was from stem tissues in water at 1:10 ratio of dry weight by volume. The crude plant extracts were performed growth inhibition activity against 12 strains of phytopathogenic bacteria by in vitro paper disc diffusion method on nutrient agar medium. Only 3 extracts from P. guajava, S. roxburghii and H. subdariffa had growth inhibition on tested bacteria in which P. guajava was the most effective and M. subdariffa was the lowest effective. Extract of P. guajava inhibited growth of all bacterial strains whereas extract of S. roxburghii performed good inhibition to almost pathovars of X.campestris. The more volume of plant extracts the more inhibition on the bacteria growth was usually observed.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 16120

Inhibition effects of betel extracts on growth of some fungi
Kan ok sit yapyang kan chasoen khong chuea ra bang chanit khong san sakat chak phlu.

Dilokkunanant, U.; Kongkathip, N.; Suk-atta, Ud.; Buabarn, S.; Narkkong, Nu.; Kladpan, Su.
Abstract The 38th Kasetsart University Annual Conference, 1998. P.258.

Abstract:
Extraction of dried leaves of Piper betel Linn. With various solvents which were hexane, chloroform, diethyl ether, acetone, ethanol and methanol had been carried out. Effects of these crude extracts on four fungi: Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus japonicus, and Penicillium monoticillate, isolated from dried Nontri's barks (Peltophorum dasyrachis (Miq.) Kurz. Ex Baker) were then tested. A disc diffusion technique was used for testing and the concentrations of the extracts tested were 10,000, 100,000 and 250,000 ppm. It was found that growth of the fungi was inhibited by all extracts at concentrations of 100,000 and 250,000 ppm. Moreover, inhibition effects of ethanol extract to seven fungi: Aspergillus flavus (Group), Penicillium sp., Fusarium sp.1, Fusarium sp.2, Phoma sp., Cladosporium sp., and Curvularia lunata, isolated from a bathroom and a high-humidity room were also studied. The concentrations of the extracts used for testing were 10,000, 100,000 and 200,000 ppm. the results showed that growth of the seven fungi was inhibited by ethanol extracts at the concentrations of 100,000 and 200,000 ppm.

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Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 16253

A Preliminary Study on Pharmacological Effects of Piper rostratum Roxb


Sunbhanich, M,; Pongmarutai, Ma.; Ridtitid, W.
Prince of Songkhla university research abstracts. 1987-1992. P.543-544.

Abstract:
The pharmacological effects of crude methanol extract of Piper rostratum Roxb. were studied on the isolated guinea pig ileum and isolated rat phrenic nerve hemidiaphragm. The extract increased both amplitude and frequency of contraction of the ileum in a dose-related fashion (0.3, 1.0 and 3.0 mg/cm3 ). The effect could be only slightly antagonized by atropine (2.2 x 10-6 mole/dm3). Its effect on the phrenic nerve hemidiaphragm, however, was a biphasic one. It produced a initial twitch potentiation which was followed by twitch depression. The effect was also dose dependent. The extract (0.4 mg/cm3) could partially antagonize the twitch depression produced by d- tubocurarine (1.9 x 10-5 mole/dm3) for a short duration then the twitch depression was resumed and progressed to complete twitch depression. The extract acted like a cholinergic agonist on the ileum and a depolarized neuromuscular bocking agent on the hemidiaphragm. Its actions seemed to be related to the uses of P. rostratum Roxb. as a carminative and a muscle pain reliever in folk medicine. It is reasonable to suggest that the action of the extract on the ileum is responsible for its carminative effect and that on the hemidiaphagm for relieving of muscle pain.

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Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 71070

Insecticide from vegetation
Thuoc tru sau bang cay co

Le Truong
Hanoi; Science Publishing House, 1967; 59p

Abstract:
The book presents experiences in using 11 species for insecticide.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 73782

Piper lolot L.
La lot

Vo Van Chi
Cay rau lam thuoc [Vegetables for medicine]; Dong Thap, Dong Thap Publishing House, 1998; p 114-115

Abstract:
Piper lolot's leave are used as spice vegetable to cook fish, snail soup. The plant can be used as medicine that can treat indigestion, rheumatism, comiting, diarrhoea, backache, nose inflammation, toothache.

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National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71910

Peper disease and preventing method in Duc Linh district, Thuan Hai province
Mot so nhan xet ve benh hai tieu va cach phong tru tai huyen Duc Linh, tinh Thuan Hai

Vo Mai; Nguyen Huu Huan
Thong tin Bao ve Thuc vat [Plant Protection Bulletin] (4): 132-138 (1988)

Abstract:
Introduction of some disease: leaf diseases of Eloosporium sp., Melaneonium sp., etc. aren't dangerous and are easey to prevent and eliminate. There are 3 important diseases: Diphodia sp., Phytophthora sp. and Fusarium sp. in the pepper-pot flooded and difficult to eliminate them. Hors, bug psedococcus lives under the soil, the root and nut. After the experience, result show that insecticides Captan is the best effect and Zineb and Bordeaux have got effect but not good.

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National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71955

Some results of the identification of the black pepper wilt disease and testing some fungicides on it
Ket qua buoc dau ve xac dinh tac nha gay benh chet nhanh cay ho tieu va khao nghiem thuoc phong benh

Ho Ngoc Thanh
Thong tin Bao ve Thuc vat [Plant Protection Bulletin] (3): 19 (1990)

Abstract:
Pathogen of quickly died pepper plant in Xuan Loc distric, Dong Nai province is Phytophthora spp. after carrying out artificial inoculation. Among tested fungicides against disease in the case of preventive action, aliette shows satisfactory results, as leaf spraying 0.3%.

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National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71237

European mint (Mentha piperrita L.)
Bac ha Au

Institute of Material Medica of Hanoi
Ky thuat trong cay thuoc [Farming technic of medicinal plants] Medicinal Publishing House, Hanoi; 1976; p20-25

Abstract:
The plant can grow well on mountain land, coll weather in North Vietnam. It is mainly propagated by branch cuttings.

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National Library of Vietnam




NO. 71240

The mint (Mentha spp.)
Bac ha

Nguyen Van Lan; Trinh An Vinh
Ky thuat trong mot so cay duoc lieu [ Farming technic of some material medica plants] Agriculture Publishing House, Hanoi 1; 1976; p5-20

Abstract:
The planting area of mint in Vietnam: Lao Cai, Son La, Vinh Phu, Hanoi, Lam Dong provinces. Average content of essential oil is 0.1-0.5%. The plant can be suitable with condition: temperature 20-25 degree, rainfall 2800-2000 mm/year.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 73900

Piper hancei Maxim
Trau rung

Le Quy Nguu; Tran Nhu Duc
Cay thuoc quanh ta [Popular Medicinal Plants] Hue - Thuan Hoa Publishing House: 370-371 (1998)

Abstract:
P. hancei grows wildly in the forests. It is used to treat rheumatism, backache, cough, asthma, cold.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 73957

Polygonum hydropiper L.
Nghe

Le Quy Nguu; Tran Nhu Duc
Cay thuoc quanh ta [Popular Medicinal Plants] Hue - Thuan Hoa Publish. House: 278-279 (1998)

Abstract:
P. hydropiper grows in low and humid places; the plant is harvested in Summer-Autumn to treat dysentery, rheumatism, wound, snake biting and eczema.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 76023

Mentha piperita L.
Bac ha au.

Phan Cao Toai; a.o.
Ky thuat trong cay thuoc [Techniques of Planting Medicinal Plant]. Medicinal Publ. House. Hanoi, 1976. Page: 20-25. AN illustration

Abstract:
Mentha piperita No, 272 has been introduced from USSR into Vietnam and planted in Sapa, Tam Dao. This plant grows best in high mountain regions with cool climate. The planting time of the plant is February-March (for delta regions) and March-May (for midland, mountain regions). The suitalbe soil is sandy light soft soil. It is propagated by its stems in density 20-25 x 8-10 cm; 1 ha of cultivated plant should be manured 3-5 tons organic fertilizer + 100- 150 kg N. The first harvest can be done after planting 3-4 months, and after each 60-70 days for next times. The plant can be used to treat a flu and in food industry.

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NO. 78447

Stuty and use of certain plants for pest control.
Nghien cuu su dung mot so loai thao moc lam thuoc tru sau MT1

Le Thi Lan Anh; Hoa Thi Hang; Tran Thi Thom; Nguyen Van Thiet; Nguyen Xuan Thu
Tap chi khoa hoc [Journal of Natural sciences] 1: 12-19 (2000)

Abstract:
Some biochemical characters of 5 plants were investigated. The plants contain a high glucoside content which varied from 0,87% to 2,74%. The glucosides were extracted and a pesticide prepatation MT1 was produced. MT1 was tested in Laboratory trials on toxicity to fish and mice. MT1 has high ferticidal action to some insects and mosquito earvae. The obtained results showed that MT1 may be a promising natural pesticide.

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NO. 74289

Piper lolot and Houttuynia cordata Thunb.
Cay la lot va cay giap ca

Nguyen Van Hoan
Vuon rau dinh duong gia dinh{The Family nutrious vegetable garden] p. 56-57. Agricultural Pub. House (1997)

Abstract:
The author introduced two plant, which were used as spice vegetable plant. Both were planted easyly and propergated by their branches from July to August or February. The techniques of cultivation was also offered.

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NO. 74304

Studiea of parasitic nematodes on black pepper, cacao, sugarcane, pineapple, jute in the Mekong delta of Vietnam.
Ket qua nghien cuu ve sau benh tuyen trung ky sinh tren mot so loai cay cong nghiep.

Nguyen Thi thu Cuc; Tran Vu Phien
Tuyen tap cong trinh nghien cuu Khoa hoc phan Nong hoc [Selection of research works of Agricultural Science] page 143-153 (1993).

Abstract:
The results of field survey from 1985-1990 in many parts of the mekong delta. In each crop, the population of parasitic nematodes was carefully recorded noting the prequency and populationsize of nematode precence. The most important species for each crop plant was determined in defferent ecological zones. the results revealed a large variation in the level of nematode infestation both between rops and also between fields within one same crop thisration was dependdent upon many variable among them, soil type and culture practices had an obvious predominant role.

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NO. 74438

Piper betle L.
Trau khong

Le Tran Duc
Trong, hai va dung cay thuoc [Planting, harvesting and using a medicinal plants] 1: 223-224. Agricultural Pub. House. Hanoi. 1984.

Abstract:
Piper betle L. is planted as a chewing plant. Its leaaves can be used to treat a belly ache, achlora, to be burnt, pimles, scabies, a wound. The author also mentioned to the methods of Cultivation and harvesting the medicine.

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NO. 74724

Inquiries on the pepper area of Binh Tri Thien.
Ket qua dieu tra cay ho tieu o Binh Tri Thien.

Le Minh Xuan
Tap chi Khoa hoc va Ky thuat Nong nghiep [Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology] 3: 46-150 (1981)

Abstract:
The servey carried on in Binh Trih Thien province is aimed to estimate the ecological condition of Binh Tri Thien and suitable black pepper varieties for this province. The results of servey shows that Binh Tri Thien has got suitable ecological for black pepper; the impoted Lada belantveng variety is the suitable variety of this area; it can get high yield and high economic efficient.

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NO. 74904

Piper nigrum L.
Hot tieu

Le Tran Duc
Trong hai va dung cay thuoc [Planting, harvesting and using the medicinal plants] vol. 1: 74-76 (1984)

Abstract:
This plant is planted in HaTien, Pu quoc. Chau Doc, Ba Ria, quang Tri provinces. it is propagated by seeds and branches. Besides used as spice, its seeds are used as medicine to treat cold, chlora, cough, asthma, rheumatizm, urinating with blood.

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NO. 76728

Mentha spp.
Cay bac ha

Nguyen Van Lan; Trinh An Vinh
Ky thuat trong mot so cay duoc lieu [Techniques of cultivating medicinal plants], Hanoi, Medicinal Publ. House, 1997; vol. 2, p. 5-20.

Abstract:
Mentha spp. cotain 0.1-0.5 % essential oil with menthol in its chemical composition. In Vietnam the plant is planted in Ha Noi, Hai Hung, Lam Dong, Phu Yen. The best conditions for it are following: tropical hot and humid climate, light, average temperature 20-25 °C, ainfall 1800-2000 mm/ year. It is propagated by underground stems, by branches; the harvest should be done when the plant has a opened flowers; the yield of first harvest is 5-8 tons/ha, 10-15 tons/ha in second time and 8-10 tons/ha in third time. Techniques of making soil, husbandry, controlling diseases is presented here.

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NO. 77034

Polygonum hydropiper L.
Nghe ram

Le Tran Duc
Cay thuoc Vietnam: trong, hai, che bien ve tri benh ban dau [Vietnamese medicinal plants: planting, harvesting, processing and treating diseases], Hanoi, Agricult. Publ. House, 1997; p. 1223-1224.

Abstract:
Polygonum hydropiper grows wildly in humid, low places. The plant bearing leaf and flower, which is dried in the shade , is used to treat dysentery, an inflammation of the intestine, a rheumatism causing pains and swelling, scabies and itches.

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