Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill
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NO. 20504

Phytophthora cinnamomi: A new patogen on cloves in Peninsular Malaysia


Lee, BS
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia

MARDI Research Bulletin 2 (2): 26-30 (1974)

Abstract:
Phytophthora cinnamomi was recently isolated from necrotic root tissues of 2-year-old die-back cloves; this being the first record of the fungus on clove plants. Laboratory studies indicated that chlamydospores were freely produced in artificial culture media although sporangia were only sparingly produced in LBA and OMA at 25 °C. Sporangial production could be easily induced, however, when culture discs from young colonies were placed in either soil extract, petri solution or distilled water. The ability of the fungus to form oospores with an A1 isolate of Phytophthora palmivora from black-pepper indicated that the present isolate belonged to the A2 compatibility type. Results obtained from a series of inoculation studies showed high susceptibility of unripe cocoa and rubber pods as well as avocado seedlings and fruits to the fungus. The importance of these findings in relation to cocoa, rubber and avocado cultivation in Malaysia was briefly discussed.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Jalan FRIM, Kepong Karung Berkunci 201, 52109 Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaysia; phone: (60) (3) 627 42633; fax: (60) (3) 627 65531
Email: philip@frim.gov.my




NO. 22166

Studies on the biological activity of some medicinal plants


Mohd. Aspollah, HS; Omar, Y; Md. Shukur, A
Department of Chemistry; Agricultural University of Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia

Proceeding of the Seminar on Malaysian Traditional Medicine, Kuala Lumpur, June 10-11 1988; Kuala Lumpur, Institute of Advance Studies, University of Malaya, 1989; p 170-172

Abstract:
Biological activities of some local medicinal plants including Ocimum sanctum, Mentha arvensis., Cymbopogon citratus, Decaspermum montanum, Syzygium aromaticum, Curcuma longa, Curcuma viridiflora and Zingiber ottensii were investigated. The volatile fraction of some of the plants was isolated and the major components were characterized by gas chromatography and spectroscopic methods. The fungicidal, bactericidal and insecticidal activities of some of the extracts and their abilities to inhibit seed germination were studied.

Availability :
Institute of Advance Studies; University of Malaya; Jalan Lembah Pantai, 59100 Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia; phone: (60) (3) 795 55 466, 795 94 208; fax: (60) (3) 795 73 661




NO. 50288

Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 13. Spices


de Guzman, CC (ed); Siemonsma, JS (ed)
Department of Horticulture; College of Agriculture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; the Philippines

Low-price, paperback edition; Bogor; PROSEA Foundation; 1999; 400 p

Abstract:
This volume deals with the spices of South-East Asia. Spices are defined as those aromatic plants and their parts, fresh or dried, whole or ground, that are primarily used to impart flavour and fragrance to foods and drinks. The term is used in a wide sense and includes the culinary herbs. The volume complements the PROSEA volume 'Essential-oil plants' that deals with aromatic plants whose main use is for the extraction and use of essential oils. Spices are indispensable in the culinary art, used to create dishes that reflect the history, the culture and the geography of a country. Well-known examples are curry powder, houng-liu (five-spice powder), pizza herbs and 'fines herbes'. Spices, spice oils and spice oleoresins are also indispensable in the food and beverage manufacturing industry, the perfumery and cosmetic industry and the pharmaceutical industry. Some spices and derivatives possess antioxidant and antibiotic properties, which has increased interest in the commercial exploitation of aromatic plants for food preservation and crop protection. With the growing demand for natural and organic products and the increasing clamour to dispense with synthetic flavours and artificial food colouring, the future for spices seems bright. In this volume, 61 important spices are treated in 50 papers, and 65 species of minor importance are described briefly. A further 150 species, not primarily but secondarily used as a spice, are listed. The introductory chapter deals with general aspects of spices. A glossary is included to explain the terms used. Two indexes, of scientific and vernacular plant names, are provided.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 66379

Comparison of transpiration rate and stomatal density and some leaf features in black pepper, clove, cinnamon and nutmeg


Darwati, I; de Guzman, CC; Hasanah, M; Rachmat, EM
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 1 (1): 31-36 (1992)

Abstract:
A comparative study on transpiration rate and stomata and leaf features was made on the following spice crops: black pepper (Piper nigrum), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum, syn. Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and nutmeg (Myristica fragrans). Black pepper exhibited the highest rate of transpiration, followed in decreasing rate by clove, cinnamon and nutmeg. Values of stomatal density did not parallel the trend observed in transpiration rates, black pepper exhibiting one of lowest and cinnamon the highest stomatal density. This observation was essentially not altered even if stomatal count was determined on per unit leaf basis. Stomatal pore length was shortest in clove and longest in cinnamon, intermediate values were obtained for nutmeg and black pepper. Among the leaf parameters measured, only specific leaf area showed some positive bearing with transpiration rate. Scanning electron micrographs revealed detailed stomata and leaf features which could account for the variation in transpiration rates of the four spice crops.

Availability :
Pusat Dokumentasi dan Informasi Ilmiah - LIPI [Scientific Documentation and Information Centre; Indonesian Institute of Sciences]; Jl. Jend. Gatot Subroto 10; Jakarta 12190; Indonesia; phone: (62) (21) 5733 465, 5250 719, 5251 063; fax: (62) (21) 5733 467
Email: info@pdii.lipi.co.id, admin@pdii.lipi.co.id




NO. 50783

Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry


Verheij, EWM; Snijders, CHA
Edeseweg 72, 6721 JZ Bennekom, the Netherlands

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices; de Guzman, C.C. & Siemonsma, J.S. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 211-218

Abstract:
A comprehensive knowledge on Syzygium aromaticum (Synonyms: Caryophyllus aromaticus, Eugenia aromatica, Eugenia caryophyllus), reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 14111

Scale insect, an important insect pest of medicinal plants and spices
Plia-hoi malaeng satru samkhan chanit mai khong phut samunphrai lae khruang thet

Khotmi, S
Entomology and Zoology Division, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand

Warasan Kita Lae Sattawawithaya [Journal of Entomology and Zoology] 12 (2): 135-136 (1990)

Abstract:
A species of scale insect feeding the rhizomes, tubers and roots of curcuma happened to be Aspididiella hartii. Other species, Coccus celatus, sucked the vascular bundles of cloves.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 14120

Natural repellent insecticides
Kan chai san khemi thammachat lai malaeng

Chittihansa, T
Faculty of Science, Silapakorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Warasan Kita Lae Sattawawithaya [Journal of Entomology and Zoology] 11 (2): 78-86 (1989)

Abstract:
This paper described some medicinal plants and their insecticidal constituents. Curcuma longa produced a volatile oil of curcumin, Zingiber cassumunar alpha-pinine, beta-pinine and salanine, Syzygium aromaticum (syn.: Eugenia aromatica) eugenol, Ocimum sanctum eugenol, and Azadirachta indica produced azadirachtin and salanin.

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 80005

Perennials in reforestation: the economic aspects of some alternative agroforestry systems


van Dijk, MP
Working Paper No. 15, Kali Konto Project, 1987; 34p

Abstract:
A large number of species is treated individually describing yield, prices, processing, problems and prospects, and recommendations. Data are mainly from literature with occasional information from the Konto river area.

Availability :
Library; International Agricultural Centre (IAC); Lawickse Allee 11, P. O. Box 88, 6700 AB Wageningen, the Netherlands; phone: (31) (0) 317 495 495; fax: (31) (0) 317 495 395
Email: iac@iac.agro.nl




NO. 108577

Diversity and potential of aromatic plants used as traditional medicines in West Java
Keanekaragaman dan potensi tanaman aromatik yang digunakan sebagai bahan obat tradisional di Jawa Barat

Ramlan, A
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Padjajaran University, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Nasional I; Tumbuhan Obat dan Aromatik [Proceedings of the 1st National Symposium on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants]; Bogor, 10-12 Oktober 1995; D. Gandawidjaja et al (eds), Bogor, Simpul Nasional APINMAP Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI & UNESCO; 1996; p 544-550

Abstract:
The potential and diversity of aromatic plants in Java have been studied. Some aromatic plants are also used in traditional medicine. It was noted that 13 species are cultivated in plantations, namely clove (Syzygium aromaticum), ginger (Zingiber officinale), lengkuas (Alpinia galanga), turmeric (Curcuma longa), galangale (Kaempferia galanga), pepper (Piper nigrum), nutmeg (Myristica fragrans), cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmanni), cardamon (Amomum cardamomum), patchouly (Pogostemon cablin), vanilla (Vanilla planifolia), citronella grass (Andropogon nardus), and cananga (Canangium odoratum). Other planted species are green "gandapura" (Gaultheria leucocarpa), cemara kipas/pinus (Thuja orientalis), cempaka (Michelia champaka), sedap malam flower (Polianthes tuberosa), melati/jasmine (Jasminum sambac), lokat mala (Artemisia vulgaris), coriander (Coriandrum sativum).

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 111231

Spacial variation of selected soil physical properties on three slope classes
Keragaman spasial beberapa sifat fisika tanah pada tiga kelas lereng

Sitorus, SRP
Jurnal Tanah Tropika [Tropical Soil Journal] 4 (8): 109-122 (1999)

Abstract:
Spatial variation of 10 soil physical properties on three different slope classes was investigated in Nanggewer village, Bogor (West Java) using three different slope classes (LA=0-3%, LB=3-8%, LC=8-15%). Thirty six disturbed and 36 undisturbed soil samples of the 0-20 cm deep were collected. Sample sites were located 10 m apart in 60 m x 60 m rectangular plot. Laboratory analysis of particle size distribution (sand, silt, clay) and particle density were determined using 108 disturbed soil samples, whereas bulk density, pore size distribution and available water pores were determined using 108 undisturbed soil samples. The results showed that those three slope classes have generally high internal variability of most of the soil physical properties, except drainage pores and silt content. The mean values of sand content, particle density, fast drainage pores, very fast drainage pores, non-drainage pores are significantly different among the three slope classes. Optimum lateral variation of soil physical properties are as follows: particle size distribution (sand, silt, clay) 20.29-38.51 m, bulk density 66.66 m, particle density 18.69 m, pore size distribution 16.31 m, and available water pores 52.00 m. These showed differences in continous level of the soil physical properties. The nugget variances show as follows: particle size distribution < bulk density < available water pores < particle density < pore size distribution. These indicate that soil sample scheme capability in measuring lateral dependence of the soil physical properties is different one to another.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 67990

Flavonoids and pyramidine derivatives of the Combretaceae, Melastomataceae and Myrtaceae


Haron, NW; Salleh, A; Mahmud, N; Mohammad, J
Department of Botany, University of Malaya; 59100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

BIOTROP Special Publication 51: 139-142 (1993)

Abstract:
Representative species of the family Combretaceae, Melastomataceae and Myrtaceae were surveyed for their chemical constituents. Direct alcoholic leaf extracts showed that flavonols i.e. myricetin, quercetin and kaempferol are widely distributed in the Myrtaceae but not in the family Melastomataceae and Combretaceae. Pyrimidine derivatives, nucleotides and nucleosides are widely distributed in the species examined. Eugenia dombeyi (synonym: Eugenia brasiliensis) and Eugenia jambos have a common flavonol aglicon (myricetin) and pyrimidine derivatives (cytosin, uridine and uridine -5'- monophosphate). 5-metylcytidine was only found in Memecylon caeruleum while the distribution of orotidine was only limited to two species viz. Psidium guajava and Memecylon caeruleum. Pseudouridine, uridine -5'- monophosphate and cytidine 5'- monophosphate occurred in the Melastomataceae and Myrtaceae but they were absent in the Combretaceae. Thymine and uracil were only found in Terminalia catappa (Combretaceae).

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 68563

Spices and their effects on the quality of stored products


Zain, AM; Aziz, P
Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, University Malayan Agricultural, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

BIOTROP Special Publication 45: 219-228 (1992)

Abstract:
The main objective of this research is to examine and to discuss the possibility of using spices such as lemon grass, ginger, turmeric and chilly as insect protectant and insect repellent for small scale storage condition. It was found that fresh lemon grass, ginger and turmeric gave good protection against insect infestation in rice, wheat flour and groundnut up to 12 weeks of storage; while control samples became infested within 6 weeks of storage. These spices which are characterized by their strong aroma, flavours and pungency can reduce the growth and multiplication of insect population in stored products. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Clearing House of Information, SEAMEO-BIOTROP
Email: info@biotrop.org




NO. 68676

Changes in land-use/coverage of lands in Sumatra island
Perubahan penggunaan/liputan lahan pulau Sumatra

Helman
Badan Koordinasi Survei dan Pemetaan Nasional [National Board of Coordination on Survey and Mapping], Cibinong, Bogor, Indonesia

BIOTROP Special Publication 46: 244-259 (1992)

Abstract:
The changes in land-use is caused by human activities to meet their needs for life including human settlements. In Sumatra the changes is mainly caused by the development of new villages or towns which usually decrease the forest and plantation areas. The decrease of forest and plantation areas lowering the production of perennial crops and at the same time disturbing environmental balance that causing floods, land slides and increasing the critical land areas. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Clearing House of Information, SEAMEO-BIOTROP
Email: info@biotrop.org




NO. 51512

Antibacterial activity of gargle solution containing clove oils


Nurdjannah, N; Supriadi; Ferdinanti, E; Logawa, B
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor, Indonesia

Proceedings International Seminar on Natural Products Chemistry and Utilization of Natural Resources, June 5 – 7, 2001, Universitas Indonesia, Depok Indonesia; Kosela, S et al. (eds); Depok, Universitas Indonesia, 2001; p 440-444.

Abstract:
A study was carried out in the Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Bogor with the aim to analyze chemical components of clove oils from leaves, stem and bud, and their bacterial activities against Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus viridans. The results showed that the major components of oil extracted from the clove bud were eugenol (61.62%), eugenol acetate (18.72%) and BETA–carophylen (15.27%), from the clove stem were eugenol (80.00%), eugenol acetate (2.10%), and BETA–caryophylen (12.70%), whereas from the leaves were eugenol (77.11%) and BETA–caryophylen (17.02%). The minimum inhibition concentrations (MIC) of the clove stem oil on Streptococcus mutans was 0.2%, whereas from the clove bud and leaves was 0.4%. The MIC of those 3 different oils on Streptococcus viridans was also 0.1%. The MIC of the gargle solutions containing different types and concentrations of oil were 0.1% on Streptococcus viridans, whereas on Streptococcus mutans was 0.3% for both clove bud and leaf oils, and 0.2% for the clove stem oil. This study indicated the potential use of formulated clove oil as gargle solution to prevent infection from bacterial pathogens.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 53638

Quality control of physicochemistry parameter of oil and eugenol isolated from flower and leaves of Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb. (Zanzibar type) in Tolitoli, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia


Darmawan, E; Sadria; Wahyuningtyas, R; Anwar, C
Department of Pharmacy, FMIPA, Universitas Islam Indonesia; Jogjakarta, Indonesia

Proceedings International Symposium on Biomedicines, Bogor, 18-19 September 2003; Lestari, Y et al. (eds); Bogor, Biopharmaca Research Center, Bogor Agricultural University, 2004; p 342-345

Abstract:
An investigation was carried out on the quality control of physicochemistry parameter of oil and eugenol isolated from flowers and leaves of clove (Syzygium aromaticum, synonym Eugenia caryophyllus) (Zanzibar type) in Tolitoli, Central Sulawesi. Clove oil was obtained by water steam distillation. After that, the density, refractometry index, solubility and concentration (by gas chromatography) of oil and eugenol were assayed. The results showed that oils of flowers and leaves have density d = 1.04 and 1.04 g/ml; n = 1.5346 and 1.5346; solubility in alcohol 1:1 and 1:1, eugenol concentration 79.42 and 78.57%, respectively. The isolated eugenol from flowers and leaves had the concentration of 80.73 and 83.53%, d = 1.07 and 1.06 g/ml; n = 1.5415 and 1.5417 and solubility in alcohol 1:1 and 1:1, respectively. There were no significant differences between flowers and leaves in these parameters (p<0.05). (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 66377

Description of three Hindola species (Homoptera: Machaerotidae) from Indonesia


Siswanto
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 1 (1): 10-14 (1992)

Abstract:
Three Hindola species from Indonesia have been studied i.e. Hindola striata Maa, Hindola fulva Baker and Hindola viridicans. The first two species usually associated with clove plants, except Hindola striata which also associated with Xanthostemon chrysanthus, while the third species usually associated with Melastoma malabathricum. Characteristics of front wings (tegmina), pronotum, scutellum and male genitalia are important morphological characters for the identification of those species.

Availability :
Scientific Documentation and Information Centre, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 66847

Interspecific hybridisation between Syzygium aromaticum L. and S. pycnanthum
Persilangan antara cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum L.) dengan S. pycnanthum

Martono, B; Bermawie, N
Balitro

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Communication] 17 (4): 138-143 (1992)

Abstract:
An interspecific hybridisation between Syzygium aromaticum as male and Syzygium pycnanthum (resistant to Sumatra disease) as female parents was studied at the Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops, Bogor. The study was aimed at understanding reproductive compatibility between Syzygium spp. It was hoped, in the long-term, attemps to control Sumatra disease in clove will be possible by interspecific gene transfer of resistance to Sumatra disease from Syzygium pycnanthum to S. aromaticum. Flowers one day before the predicted day of anthesis were emasculated and pollinated at four different time intervals: directly after emasculation, 1; 2 and 3 days after emasculation. The pollinated flowers were collected and observed for their pollen tube growth 24 and 48 hours after pollination. Results showed that at the first 24 hours after pollination, the fastest growth of pollen tube was obtained from the flowers pollinated three days after emasculation (two days after the predicted day of anthesis); and for the second 24 hours, their pollen tubes were still longer than pollen tubes from the other treatments. It was also shown that pollen tubes of Syzygium aromaticum were able to grow on Syzygium pycnanthum styles, but the rate was slower then that of Syzygium pycnanthum on its own styles. It is necessary to carry out further an interspecific hybridisationexperiment between Syzygium aromaticum as the female and Syzygium pycnanthum as the male parents.

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 68145

Biology of Hindola striata on three species of Myrtaceae family
Biologi Hindola striata pada tiga jenis tanaman suku Myrtaceae

Ismaningsih
Thesis; Yogyakarta, Faculty of Agriculture Gadjah Mada University, 1992; 63 p

Abstract:
Hindola striata (Machaerotidae; Homoptera) is an insect vector of clove xylem-limited bacteria. A most outstanding characteristic of this insect is that the nymphs form calcerous tube. The research was conducted in the nursery and the laboratory of the Research Centre for Spice and Medicinal Crops in Bogor, from November 1990 to March 1991. The insect was reared on three species of Myrtaceae family, i.e. four types of clove plants (Zanzibar, Kurangah, AFO I, Cengkeh Hutan) and two other species of Myrtaceae (Syzygium aqueum and Syzygium macromyrtus). The design used was a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) in 5% level with 5 replications for each treatment. The result showed that most of the eggs were laid one by one in the midrib. The egg stage was 14.23 days on average. The length of the tube was 6.99 mm and the diameter was 1.48 mm. The nymph stage was 47.24 days in average. The size of the adult male was 3.65 - 5.00 mm and female was 4.50 - 5.30 mm. The adult stage was 7.32 days on average. The observation from egg to adult stage showed that the average of life cycle of Hindola striata was 68.4 days on Zanzibar, 68.3 days on Kurangah, 77.8 days on Cengkeh Hutan, 74.2 days on Syzygium aqueum and 56.4 days on Syzygium macromyrtus. Syzygium aqueum was the most suitable host plant of the insect and AFO I was the most unsuitable host plant.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University,




NO. 67547

Utilization of spice crops in the life of Indonesian communities
Pemanfaatan tanaman rempah dalam kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia

Hadipoentyanti, E; Rostiana, O
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani [Proceedings of National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 February 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 375-380

Abstract:
Indonesia has been known as the center of genetic diversity of spice crops for centuries. Clove (Syzygium aromaticum), pepper (Piper nigrum), cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmani) and nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) are very important in the world market for a long time. The existing variation in the utilization of spices throughout the country should be recorded and preserved and the crops as well.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 67663

Comparison of transpiration rate, stomatal density and some leaf features in black pepper, clove, cinnamon and nutmeg
Perbandingan laju transpirasi, kepadatan stomata dan beberapa kenampakan daun pada lada, cengkeh, kayu manis dan pala

Darwati, I; de Guzman, CC; Hasanah, M; Rachmat, EM
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 1 (1): 31-36 (1992)

Abstract:
A comparative study on the transpiration rate, stomata and leaf features was made on the following spice crops: black pepper (Piper nigrum), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and nutmeg (Myristica fragrans). Black pepper exhibited the highest rate of transpiration, followed in decreasing rate by clove, cinnamon and nutmeg. Values of stomatal density did not parallel to the trend observed in transpiration rates. Black pepper exhibited on of the lowest and cinnamon the highest stomatal density. This observation was essentially not altered even if stomatal count was determined per unit leaf basis. Stomatal pore length was shortest in clove and longest in cinnamon, intermediate values were obtained for nutmeg and black pepper. Among the leaf parameters measured, only specific leaf area showed some positive bearing with transpiration rate. Scanning electron micrographs revealed detailed stomata and leaf features which could account for the variation in transpiration rates of the four spice crops. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 100209

Effect of plant growth regulator on the root growth of clove marcotting
Pengaruh zat pengatur tumbuh pada pertumbuhan akar cangkokan cengkeh

Darwati, I; Rosita, SMD; Hasanah, M; Oniki, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 2 (1): 31-35 (1993)

Abstract:
A study on the vegetative propagation of clove by marcotting was conducted by using several growth regulators. The objective of the study was to determine the rooting response of marcotting on various types of plant growth regulators. The experiment was carried out at the Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Bogor, from November 1991 to May 1992. The experiment was laid out following a Randomized Block Design with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments were control, IBA 500 ppm, Paclobutrazol 250 ppm, NK 100 ppm and Rootone-F. The result showed that Rootone-F significantly affected the length of root and root dried weight per marcotting. IBA and Paclobutrazol did not show any significant difference with Rootone-F. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 72707

Cultivation of Syzygium aromaticum
Trong rung Dinh Huong

Pham Dinh Tu
Tap chi Lam nghiep [Journal of Forestry] 4: 12-13 (1990)

Abstract:
Syzygium aromaticum originated from Malaysia and the Far East. It is popular as an essential-oil, medicinal, spice, and condiment plant. It is adapted to elevation up to 600 m altitude, temperature 25-30 °C, rainfall 1500-2000 mm, and sandy fertile soil. It is propagated by seed. The flower-buds can be harvested after 8-12 years. The suitable planting density is 10 m x 5 m.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 109745

The effect of paclobutrazol concentration on the flowering of clove (Syzygium aromaticum L. M et P)
Pengaruh kadar paclobutrazol terhadap pembungaan tanaman cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum L. M et P)

Baraja, M
Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1990; 58p

Abstract:
An experiment to evaluate the effect of paclobutrazol concentration on the flowering of clove tree was conducted at clove-estate of Pagilaran Ltd., Batang district, Central Java from September 1988 to October 1989. The tested paclobutrazol concentrations were 0, 500, 1000, 1500 and 2000 ppm. These treatments were arranged in a Randomized Completely Block Design with 4 blocks and 2 replications for each treatment. The paclobutrazol was applied as foliar treatment using knapsack sprayer. The result of the experiment showed that paclobutrazol at concentration of 500 and 1000 ppm were able to promote the flowering and increase the number of flowers of clove tree, whereas at concentration of 1500 and 2000 ppm it inhibited the flowering and reduced the number of flowers of clove tree. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University,




NO. 103054

Effects of triacontanol and phosphate fertilizer on clove seedlings growth rate


Dhalimi, A
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops (CRIIC); Bogor, Indonesia

Industrial Crops Research Journal 7 (1): 7-14 (1994)

Abstract:
Effect of triacontanol on the growth rate of clove seedlings after being applied with phosphate was studied in the nursery of the Cimanggu Experimental Garden, Bogor, from February to December 1994. The experiment was laid out following a factorial Completely Randomized Design with two replications. The plot consisted of 12 plants/plot. The factors tested were: (1) phosphate fertilizers consisting of 0, 2, 4 and 6 g P2O5; (2) triacontanol with a concentration of 0, 0.25 and 0.75 mg/l; (3) application intervals of 1x10, 1x20, 1x30 days. Observations were conducted on: (1) dry weight of stem, leaves, root, and (2) leaf surface. Growth analyses were measured on: plant growth rate (PGR) and clean assimilation rate (CAR). The results indicated that there was an interaction between phosphate fertilizer and triacontanol on the growth rate of clove seedlings. Phosphate fertilizer with 4 g P2O5 gave the best result, it produced the best PGR in the amount of 0.52 g/month at optimal concentration of 0.6 mg/l. While the effect on CAR value still increased by triacontanol application of more than 0.75 mg/l.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 106174

Effects of solid stable manure and soil type on the growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) seedlings
Pengaruh pupuk kandang padat dan jenis tanah terhadap pertumbuhan bibit tanaman cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)

Saragih, B
Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER]; Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta, Faculty of Agriculture, INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER], 1995; 63p

Abstract:
An experiment was carried out at the Research Station of the Institut Pertanian STIPER, Maguwoharjo, Depok, Sleman, from 1 March, to 31 May 1995 at 118 m above sea level. The purpose of this experiment was to determine the best stable manure and the most suitable soil for the growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica) seedlings. The experiment was laid out follwing a factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with two factors and three replications. The first factor was 4 levels of stable manure, namely: without manure (K0), cow manure (K1), goat manure (K2), and chicken manure (K3). The second factor was three levels of soil types: latosol (T0), regosol (T1), and grumusol (T3). The result of the experiment showed that the chicken manure (K3) and latosol (T0) were the most suitable for the growth of clove seedlings. The stable manure and the soil type show interaction effect on the growth of clove seedlings. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
INSTIPER [Institute of Agriculture STIPER] Library,




NO. 108337

The effects of shading percentage and mulching dosage on the growth of clove (Eugenia caryophyllus Sprengel) seedlings
Pengaruh persentase naungan dan dosis mulsa terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllus, Sprengel)

Sudarman; Sugito, Y
Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University; Malang, East Java, Indonesia

Agrivita 19 (2): 69-73 (1996)

Abstract:
The effect of shading and mulching on the growth of clove seedlings was studied at the Experimental Station of Agricultural Senior High School, Magelang, Central Java. The experiment was laid out following a Split Plot Design with three replications. Shading as the main plot consisted of four levels i.e. 0, 25, 50 and 75 % shade intensity. The mulch treatment as sub plot consisted of three mulching dosages i.e. 0, 0.75 and 1.50 kg/m². The result of the experiment showed that the interaction effect of shading and mulching was significant on the total dry weight, leaf area, Growth Rate and Net Assimilation Rate. The mulching combination treatment indicated that the 50% shade intensity combined with 1.50 kg of mulch was the best. The effect of shade was significant on leaf area, and root-shoot ratio. Regression analysis showed that the relation between shading factor and those parameters had a quadratic response and the optimal shade intensity was about 50%, except the Net Assimilation Rate which had linear regression. Effect of mulching was significant on dry weight of root and stem, and height of clove seedlings. Based on the regression analysis, the relation between mulching and those parameters had a linear response. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences




NO. 77253

Syzygium aromaticum
Dinh huong

Vo Van Chi
Tu dien cay thuoc Viet Nam [A dictionary of medicinal plants of Vietnam]; Hanoi, Medicinal Publishing House, 1997; p 477-478

Abstract:
Syzygium aromaticum is grown in many places of the Centre of Vietnam. This plant is propagated by seed. Its flowers are used as medicine. It contains 10-12% H2O; glucid, 6-10% lipid, tannin, eugenol (80-85%), acetyleugenol (2-3%), caryophyllen, furfural. It is used for treating digestion, belly-ache, wound, pain in bone and legs.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 101991

Knowledge on traditional medicinal treatment in Ambon and the Moluccas
Pengetahuan tentang pengobatan tradisional di daerah Ambon dan Maluku

Roemantyo, HS
Research and Development Institute for Botany, Research and Development Centre for Biology, LIPI; Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al. (eds); Buku 1; Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; p 77-88

Abstract:
Traditional medication is part of the daily life of the Ambonese, and in Ambon several traditional medicine recipes are still used up to now. In the area seven methods of therapy can be distinguished. In the 17th century, Rumphius published a series of book entitled "Herbarium Amboinense", introducing plant species found in Ambon and the surrounding areas. Besides, medicinal plants used by the local people for traditional curing of diseases were also discussed in the book. Recent observation and inventory of medicinal plants in that area showed that about 67 species of plant were used for traditional therapy. Ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological analyses of plants used for traditional medicines and the occurrence of plants in nature, their habitat and habitus are discussed in the related paper. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 101990

Role of "sasi" on the utilization and conservation of spices and medicinal plants in the Moluccas
Peran sasi dalam pemanfaatan dan pelestarian beberapa tanaman rempah dan obat di Maluku

Hadad, EAM; Iskandar, T; Lukman, W
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al. (eds); Buku 1; Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; p 71-76

Abstract:
The dependency of human beings on their environment has been known since our ancestors era. The social awareness in this case can still be seen e.g. in the form of "sasi" in several areas in the Moluccas. A case study was conducted in Mamala village, Ambon and Makian, Bacan. "Sasi" is a custom to preserve natural environment. By agreement of the village society, fruit harvesting time is decided, including its sanctions for the members of the society who do not obey, beside other rules. For example, the farmers are only allowed to harvest nutmeg fruits after there is an announcement that on average nutmeg fruits are already mature and can be picked up. Because of the charisma of the custom chief and the obedience of the society, the environment and maintenance of spices and medicinal crops look well developed. Spices and medicinal crops in this area are the main crops and become one of the main source of income. Therefore, its sustainability and wise use can be secured. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 20422

Quality of clove bud and clove bud oil


Mat Isa, A; Nazarifah, I
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) Research Bulletin 14 (2): 148-153 (1986)

Abstract:
Two types of clove bud, the market samples and the locally grown samples, were studied for their physical, chemical and oil qualities. The locally grown samples were superior in their general physical appearance to the market samples, although the chemical properties were similar. Both types had oil yields of about 15%-17%, with total phenol content ranging from 79-94% . The physical characteristics of the oils were similar or slightly below the ISO standards.

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 14351

Clove
Phut samunphrai kanphlu

Anonymous
Kaset Phatthana [Agriculture Development Magazine] 13 (143): 35 (1993)

Abstract:
Short descriptions of clove are given

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 326

A guide to the cultivation of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)
Pedoman bercocok tanam cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)

Muhammad, MT
Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Circular Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Circular of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] (13): 1-24(1972)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3014

Interaction between community socio-economic condition and forest planting systems at Paguyangan, West Pekalongan Forest District
Interaksi kondisi sosial ekonomi masyarakat dengan sistem penanaman hutan di wilayah BKPH Paguyangan, KPH Pekalongan Barat

Harbagung; Hardjanto
Forest Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Balai Penelitian Hutan [Forest Research Institute Report] (377): 1-53(1981)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 13122

Spices
Phut khruang thet

Sadudi, S
Faculty of Natural Resources; Prince of Songkhla University: Thailand

Phutsat San [Plant Science Newsletter] 2(4): 1-5(1980)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 20068

Notes on current investigations (Research) - October to December 1955


The Malayan Agricultural Journal 39(1): 63-68(1955)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20070

Notes on extension work - October to November 1955


The Malayan Agricultural Journal 39(1): 73-86(1955)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20091

Notes on current investigations (Research), January to March 1954


Anonymous
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 37(2): 91-99(1954)

Abstract:
Common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20106

Notes on current investigations, January to March 1953


Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 36(2): 114-124(1953)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20111

Notes on current investigations, July to September 1953


Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 36(4): 247-260(1953)

Abstract:
4 species of Leguminosae; 3 Gramineae; 2 Liliaceae; 2 Palmae

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20128

Notes on current investigations, April to June 1952


Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 35(3): 167-176(1952)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20928

Annual report 1985: Miscellaneous Crops Research Division


Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Annual Report; 1985; 154p

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 50106

Proceedings of the International Symposium on South East Asian Plant Genetic Resources, Jakarta, Indonesia, 20-24 August 1985


Mehra, KL(ed); Sastrapradja, S(ed)
Bogor; Lembaga Biologi Nasional-LIPI; 1985; vip; 211p

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63455

Palm trees of ceylon
Tanaman palem di Srilanka

Popham, S.
The Bulletin (2): 33-38(1985)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63459

Intensification on effort of secondary crops and yard crops in tidal areas lowland rice field
Intensifikasi pengusahaan tanaman-tanaman palawija dan pekarangan di persawahan pasang surut

Isbandi, D.; Reksowidjojo, D.; Ronoprawiro, S.
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

The third symposium on tidal swamp land development aspect Palembang, February 5-10, 1979; 1-17p

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 63527

Farming performance and its development prospect at the 'Perum Otorita Jatiluhur' area
Keragaan usaha tani dan prospek pengembangannya di wilayah Perum Otorita Jatiluhur

Erwidodo
Forum for Research in Economic Agro 2 (2): 17-28 (1983)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65135

Traditional agroforestry at Gunung Bunder II village, Cibungbulang subdistrict, Bogor district, West Java
Agroforestri tradisional di desa Gunung Bunder II, Kecamatan Cibungbulang, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat

Priarso, S.R.
S1 Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; Nasional University; 1986; 56 p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office




NO. 69749

Present status of bacterial diseases of major crops in Indonesia


Machmud, Muhammad
Bogor Research Institute for Food Crops (BORIF); Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings of the Symposium on Biology and Control of Crop Pathogens; Mien A.Rifai(ed); E.S.Scott(ed); F.C.Quebral(ed); Baharuddin Saleh(ed); Okky Setyawati Dharmaputra(ed); Bogor, Indonesia, 2-4 February 1993; Biotrop Special Publication (54): 51-62(1994)

Abstract:
Prior to the World War II, research on bacterial diseases of crop plants was done by the Dutch scientists. Bacterial disease was first observed in Indonesia in 1869 on tobacco plants grown at Deli (North Sumatra) which showed wilting symptom. Bacterial ooze was observed on the wilted plants. The disease was therefore called the slime disease (slijm ziekte, Dutch). The pathogen was not confirmed, until Erwin F. Smith described the disease on tomato in the USA as brown rot and named the pathogen Bacterium solanacearum. In 1905 bacterial wilt of peanut was discovered by van Breda de Haan in Cirebon area (Machmud, 1986). Since then the disease was proved widely spread in peanut growing areas in Indonesia. In 1912 Gaumann reported a disease that devastated banana plantations in South Sulawesi. He named the disease "blood disease" and the pathogen Pseudomonas celebensis. In 1912 he also observed a similar disease of banana grown in Java which he called "Java vascular disease" and named the pathogen Pseudomonas musae (Machmud, 1986). Since then bacterial wilt was reported on other crops and widely spread in Indonesia. Various researches on bacterial wilt have been done, including developments of resistant cultivars and other control measures. The first discovery of bacterial diseases after the war was on rice. A disease that causes wilting on young rice plants was observed at Bogor in 1948 and named kresek and the pathogen Xanthomonas kresek. Later on the bacterium was convince to be X. oryzae, the bacterial blight pathogen. Since then, research on bacterial wilt was stagnant until early 1970's.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 80017

Community forest in Citangtu, Kuningan, West Java


Mardiyono; Rachlan
Sub-Center for Land Rehabilitation and Soil Conservation, Indonesia

Social Forestry in Indonesia. Workshop report. Field Document No. 25. Regional Wood Energy Development Programme in Asia, FAO, Bangkok, 1990, pp45-49

Availability :
International Agrarian Centre (IAC), Lawickse Allee 11, 6701 AN Wageningen, the Netherlands




NO. 100898

Role of homegardens in the effort of increasing family incomes
Peranan pekarangan dalam usaha meningkatkan pendapatan keluarga

Rahayu, M.; Siagian, M.H.
Herbarium Bogoriense; Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Majalah Ilmiah Universitas Widya Gama; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Widya Gama; [Widya Gama University Science Bulletin] Malang 3(1): 19-29 (1994)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107539

Transmission of Pseudomonas syzygii by Hindola striata originating from Xanthostemon chrysanthus on clove seedlings
Penularan Pseudomonas syzygii oleh Hindola striata asal tanaman Xanthostemon chrysanthus pada bibit cengkeh

Balfas, R.
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Journal] 1(2): 83-87(1995)

Abstract:
There was strong indication that the Sumatra clove disease (locally named BPKC disease) which was caused by Pseudomonas syzygii, came from the forest. Transmission tests using Hindola striata originating from a clove- related plant. Xanthostemon chrysanthus, were conducted from June 1994 to January 1995 H. striata adults were collected from X. chrysanthus in Cibodas Botanical Garden, West Java. The insects were fed on artificially inoculated clove seedlings and with suspension of P. syzygii (using membrane feeding technique). Then, they were tansferred to alternate plants and finally tested plants (healthy clove seedlings). Untreated insects were also raised on healthy clove seedlings as control. Results of the research showed that H. striata fed on infected clove seedlings and bacterial suspension were able to transmit P. syzygii on healthy clove seedlings. The results revealed another revidence which suggested that the source of the disease was in the forest.

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 20056

Notes on current investigations and extension work


The Malayan Agricultural Journal 41: 51-59 (1958)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20093

Notes on current investigations (Research), April to June 1954


Anonymous
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 37 (3): 173-181 (1954)

Abstract:
Common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20099

Notes on current investigations (Research), July to September 1954


Anonymous
Agricultural Division; Kuala Lumpur; Malaya

The Malayan Agricultural Journal 37 (4): 225-232 (1954)

Abstract:
Mostly common names used

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 66154

Utilizing drylands for prosperity
Manfaatkan lahan kering untuk kesejahteraan

Anonymous
Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service 5 (8): ? (1982-1983)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 101298

Chances of biological control on some medicinal and spices crops
Peluang pengendalian hayati pada berbagai tanaman rempah dan obat

Anonymous
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops (CRIIC); Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News] 16 (5): 9-11 (1994)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63346

Effects of plant growth inhibitor, relative humidity and storage period on seeds viability of clove (Eugenia aromatica)
Pengaruh bahan penghambat pertumbuhan, kelembaban nisbi dan periode simpan terhadap viabilitas benih cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica)

Prajogo, K.
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1985; 56 p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 67611

Higligts of Indonesian plant diseases 1987-1992


Rifai,Mien A.; Machmud,M.; Hadisoeganda,A.W.W.
Herbarium Bogoriense, Puslitbang Biologi-LIPI, Bogor; Indonesia

Biology and control of crop pathogens; BIOTROP Special Publication (54):43-49(1994)

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library




NO. 9774

Getting to know some plants for regreening
Mengenal beberapa jenis tanaman penghijauan

Anonymous
West Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Service; 1983; 36p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 67950

Disease survey on industrial crops in Indonesia


Kobayashi, T; Oniki, M; Matsumoto, K; Djiwanti, S.R; Rachmat, A; Manohara, D; Tombe, M; Wahyuno, D; Nurawan, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia|Jica Short-term Expert|Jica Long-term Expert

Proceedings of final seminar of the joint-study programme ATA-380 (Srengthening research and disease of industrial crops in Indonesia); Sitepu, D. (ed); Manohara, D. (ed); Oniki, M. (ed); Japan International Cooperation Agency; Agency for Agricultural Research and Development; 1992; p73-89

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 13343

Some medicinal plants affecting growth of fungi
Phut samunphrai bang chanit thi mi itthiphon nai kan yapyang kan charoen toepto khong chua ra

Soithong, K; Rakwitthayasat, W
Department of Plant Pathology; Kasetsart University; Bangkok; Thailand

Warasan rokphut [Journal of Plant Pathology] 5 (2): 38-47 (1985)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 1503

The use of infra-red spectrophotometer in the examination of essential oils
Penggunaan spektrofotometer inframerah pada pemeriksaan minyak atsiri

Padmawinata, K; Amanah, O
Department of Pharmacy; Bandung Institute of Technology; Indonesia

Proceedings Seminar Minyak Atsiri II [Proceedings of the Second Seminar on Essential Oils]; 20-22 April 1976; Bogor; Balai Penelitian Kimia; p84-96

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2675

Conservation and utilization of spice and medicinal crops genetic resources
Upaya pelestarian dan pemanfaatan plasma nutfah tanaman rempah dan obat

Wahid, P
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 3 (1): 1-5 (1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106372

Aromatic plants for perfumes and cosmetics
Tanaman wewangian untuk parfum dan kosmetik

Utami K.P
Trubus 27 (315): 1-16 (1996)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65921

Development of the study of secondary essential oils (clove, nutmeg, ginger, cubeba, cardamom, pepper)
Perkembangan penelitian minyak atsiri sekunder (cengkeh, katu, jahe, kemukus, kapolaga, lada)

Nurdjannah, N; Wahyudi, A; Risfaheri
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah & Obat [Special Edition of Spices and Medicinal Crops Research] 6 (1): 54-65 (1990)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61728

Effect of storage on seed germination and seedling growth of clove (Eugenia caryophillus (Sprengel) Bullock et Harrison)
Pengaruh penyimpanan terhadap perkecambahan benih dan pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia caryophillus (Sprengel) Bullock et Harrison)

Raharo, J.S
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1986; 39p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61737

Testing of several paraquat-containing herbicides against weeds of productive trees of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) in Ngargosari, Kulonprogo, Yogyakarta
Pengujian beberapa herbisida yang mengandung poroquat terhadap gulma pada pertanaman cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) menghasilkan di Ngargosari Kulon progo

Suprapti
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1987; 50p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61765

Effects of size of digging circle and seedling age on growth of clove after transplanting into the fields
Pengaruh besar putaran dan umur bibit cengkeh terhadap pertumbuhan setelah dipindahkan ke kebun

Supriyono
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1985; 27p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61773

Effects of storage methods on the decrease of germination ability of clove (Eugenia aromatica Brill)
Pengaruh cara penyimpanan terhadap penurunan perkecambahan benih cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Brill)

Wahyudin
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1984; 33p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61775

Effects of growth medium compositions and urea dosages on seedling growth of clove (Eugenia caryophyllus)
Komposisi media tanam dan dosis pupuk urea pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllus)

Winarno, J
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1990; 48p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61777

Effects of different foliar fertilizers and spraying time on seedling growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)
Pengaruh macam pupuk daun dan saat penyemprotan terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)

Wasiati, H
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1990; 42p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61781

Distillation of clove oil and other essential oils
Penyulingan minyak cengkeh dan minyak atsiri lainnya

Abdulradjah, R
Ganeca Exact Bandung Press; 1985; 57p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61803

Effects of fruit peeling methods and planting depths on seed germination and seedling growth of clove (Eugenia caryophyllata)
Pengaruh cara pengupasan buah dan kedalaman tanam terhadap perkecambahan benih dan pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllata)

Yusprihatmini, H
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1989; 61p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61805

Effects of shades and growth media on seedling growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) cv. Zanzibar
Pengaruh naungan dan media terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) varietas Zanzibar

Yusuantoro, A
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1986; 37p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61839

Several factors affecting farmer's decision in selecting forest plant species to cultivate: A case study in Tapos village, Parung Panjang, Bogor
Beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi petani dalam menentukan jenis tanaman hutan untuk dibudidayakan; studi kasus di Tapos village, Parung Panjang, Bogor

Suharti, S
Technical Notes; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; 2 (4-5): 41-46 (1988)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68350

Farming system in the peasant clove farming in East Java
Usahatani pada pertanaman cengkeh rakyat di Jawa Timur

Mamat HS; Ardana, I.K
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (9): 42-44 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68639

Biotechnological application in industrial crops breeding
Aplikasi bioteknologi dalam pemuliaan tanaman industri

Bermawie, N
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Penelitian Aplikasi Bioteknologi Kultur Jaringan pada Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Biotechnology Applied Research of Tissue Culture in Industrial Crops]; Bogor, 29 Februari 1992; Mariska, I (ed.); Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; Bogor; Seri Pengembangan (18): 67-75 (1992)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 69006

A model for conservation of tropical tree genetic resources in Indonesia


Jarvie, J.K; Bermawie, N
Herbarium Bogoriense; Jl.Juanda 22; Bogor; Indonesia

Tropical Biodiversity 1 (1): 23-29 (1992)

Abstract:
Concepts of conservation of genetic resources have been based largely on temperate species, which are generally well defined taxonomically, easily accessible and have orthodox seeds. This contrasts with the situation for tropical germplasm pools, particularly tree crops. A model has been devised for collecting, assessing and conserving the diversity of such species, based on an understanding of the problems posed by them. These include insufficient taxonomic and other biological information. A variety of data sets must be collected and synthesized in order to design appropriate management strategies. Clove is given as an example. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Zoology Division Library; Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69087

Effects of plant growth regulators on the root growth of clove marcottings
Pengaruh zat pengatur tumbuh pada pertumbuhan akar cangkokan cengkeh

Darwati, I; Rosita S.M.D; Hasanah, M; Oniki, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 11 (1): 31-35 (1993)

Abstract:
A study on vegetative propagation by marcotting in clove was conducted by using several growth regulators. The experiment was carried out at the Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops, Bogor, from November 1991 to May 1992. A Randomized Block Design with 5 treatments and 4 replications were used. The treatments were control, IBA 500 ppm, Paclobutrazol 250 ppm, NK 100 ppm and Rootone-F. The results showed that Rootone-F significantly affected the length of root and root dry weight per marcotting. IBA and Paclobutrazol did not show significant different with Rootone-F. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69101

Clove
Cengkeh

Hasanah, M; Darwati, I; S.M.D, Rosita
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Issue of the Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 9 (1): 1-8 (1993)

Abstract:
Clove can be propagated by generative and vegetative plant materials. ABA is able to reduce the percentage and the rate of seed germination, while GA3 can be used to induce growth vegetative propagation, IBA, NAA and IAA were used for promotion. GA3, triakontanol, hydrolisate protein and BAP may be used to increase seedling growth. However, paclobutrazol could increase the flower production and etephone was used for harvesting flowers.

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69269

Effects of water content and minimizing the material size on the quality and yield of leaf oil of clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.)
Pengaruh kadar air dan pengecilan ukuran bahan terhadap mutu dan rendemen minyak daun cengkeh yang dihasilkan (Syzygium aromaticum L.)

Pranowo, H
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1992; 68p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69403

Effects of processing delay and distillation duration of falling leaves of clove on the yield and quality of clove oil produced
Pengaruh penundaan pengolahan dan lama destilasi daun cengkeh gugur terhadap rendemen dan kualitas minyak yang dihasilkan

Sucahyono, B
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1993; 51p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62998

Current work on the essential oils and spices in Indonesia


Hamid, A; Jisbar, A
Industrial Crops Research Journal 2 (1): 16-21 (1989)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB)-LIPI; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 370

A review on problems of the quality of essential oils from several areas
Tinjauan masalah mutu minyak atsiri dari beberapa daerah

Muchlis, NA; Rusli, S
Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] (28): 51-58 (1978)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2367

Review on several problems of essential oil quality originated from some areas
Tinjauan masalah mutu minyak atsiri dari beberapa daerah

Mucholis, NA; Rusli, S
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 4 (28): 51-58 (1978)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2676

Conservation concept of plant genetic resources by in-vitro culture
Konsepsi pelestarian plasma nutfah dengan biakan in-vitro

Mariska, I
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 3 (1): 22-27 (1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 12168

Study on clove, nutmeg and cashew nut as intercrops of mature coconut
Kan pluk kanphlu chanthet lae mamuang himmaphan pen phut saem nai suan maphrao

Klotpheng, K; Phayakphong, C; Rattanapruk, M; Ngankaranathikan, P; Raktham, S; Thirakun, A
Chumphon Horticultural Research Centre; Thailand

Chumphon Horticultural Research Centre Annual Research Report 1988; p84-86

Availability :
Horticultural Research Center; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 22707

Malay manuscripts as sources of information on local plants
Manuskrip melayu sebagai sumber maklumat tumbuh-tumbuhan tempatan

Wan Ali, W.M
National Library of Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur

Prosiding Seminar Kebangsaan Etnobotani Pertama [Proceedings of the First National Seminar on Ethnobotany], 16-18 September 1991, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor; 11p

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 36878

Comparison of transpiration rate and stomatal and leaf features in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.),clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.)Merr. & Perry,cinnamon (Cinnamonum zeylanicum Blume) and nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.)


De Guzman, C.C; Darwati, I; Hasanah, M; Rachmat, E.M
University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna

The Philippine Agriculturist 75 (1-2): 101-105 (1992)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 65918

Development of 'akar wangi' oil in Garut and 'kenanga' oil in Cirebon
Pengembangan minyak akar wangi di Garut dan minyak kenanga di Cirebon

Moestafa, A; Badiges, F; Soebandi, A
Laporan Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kimia Bogor [Report of the Bogor Research and Development Institute for Chemistry]: December 1983; p18-31

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66076

Propagation of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)
Perbanyakan tanaman pala

Anonymous
North Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service 56: ?p (1988-1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 68637

Development of biotechnological research on tissue culture of industrial crops
Perkembangan penelitian bioteknologi kultur jaringan pada tanaman industri

Mariska, I
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Penelitian Aplikasi Bioteknologi Kultur Jaringan pada Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Biotechnology Applied Research of Tissue Culture in Industrial Crops]; Bogor, 29 Februari 1992; Mariska, I (ed.); Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; Bogor; Seri Pengembangan (18): 33-39 (1992)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 100897

Natural resources of Maluku, with special emphasise on the plant resources of the tropical forest
Sumberdaya alam di Maluku dengan tekanan khusus pada sumberdaya hayati hutan tropikanya

Sujito, H; Suyanto, A; Sulaeman, E
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Sari Laporan Penelitian Bidang Lingkungan Hidup [Research Report Serie on Living Environment]; Pusat Dokumentasi dan Informasi Ilmiah; Lembaga Pengetahuan Indonesia; 1994; p68-69

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 108052

Preliminary study of anti-bacterial on some essential oils
Pemeriksaan pendahuluan daya anti bakteri beberapa minyak atsiri

Radji, M; Asmanizar; Hayati, L
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Penelitian Bahan Obat Alami VIII [Proceedings of the 8th Symposium on Research of Natural Medicine]; Bogor, 24-25 Nopember 1994; Perhiba & Balittro; 1996; p454-456

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3754

Intensive cultivation project of cloves and pepper
Proyek intensifikasi cengkeh dan lada

Okeng, S.A
Directorate General for Estates; Jakarta; Indonesia

Majalah Pertanian [Agricultural Journal] 27 (1): 1-16 (1979-1980)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5382

Problems in breeding of pepper, cloves, coconut and cotton
Masalah pemuliaan tanaman pada lada, cengkeh, kelapa dan kapas

Makmur, A
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of a Workshop on Breeding of Cloves, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut]; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; 1988; p57-58

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 5399

Isozyme analyses for predicting genetic variability in pepper, cloves, cotton and coconut
Analisis isozim untuk menduga keragaman genetik pada tanaman lada, cengkeh, kapas dan kelapa

Hartana, A
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Breeding of Cloves, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut]; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; 1988; p45-49

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 5400

Clove germplasm handling to support breeding programme
Penanganan plasma nutfah cengkeh mendukung program pemuliaan

Kurniati, S
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Breeding of Cloves, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut]; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; 1988; p115-121

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 5402

Tissue culture to support breeding of cloves, pepper, cotton and coconut
Kultur jaringan untuk menunjang pemuliaan tanaman cengkeh, lada, kapas dan kelapa

Marisha, I
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Breeding of Cloves, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut]; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; 1988; p59-64

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 9104

Conservation and utilization of clove, pepper, cotton and coconut germplasms
Pelestarian tanaman dan penggunaan plasma nutfah cengkeh, lada, kapas dan kelapa

Hamid, A; Luntungan, H.T; Hasnan
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Clove, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut Breeding]; Bogor; Centre for Research and Development of Industrial Crops; 1988; p41-44

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 62723

Current attitude of essential oil in Indonesia
Minyak atsiri di Indonesia dewasa ini

Somaatmadja, D
Bogor Chemical Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Komunikasi Balai Penelitian Kimia Bogor; Balai Penelitian Kimia Bogor [Communication of the Bogor Chemical Research Institute; Bogor Chemical Research Institute] (177): 1-38 (1975)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 64304

Study in utilizing pepper petiols in Lampung district
Penelitian pemanfaatan tangkai lada di daerah Lampung

Anonymous
Laporan Proyek Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri Tanjung Karang [Project Report of the Tanjung Karang Research and Development for Industry]; Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri (1988/1989); 33p

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101500

Effect of clove product on the development of Phytophthora capsici from pepper
Pengaruh produk cengkeh terhadap pertumbuhan Phytopthora capsici asal lada

Sukamto
Indonesian Phytopathological Society; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society] Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p948-951

Abstract:
The study on Phytophthora capsici in vitro control was conducted by utilizing clove products (clove oil, eugenol, flower, petiole, and leaf dusts) mixed to V8 agar media. Two of P. capsici isolates from North and South Lampung were used. There were five different clove oil and eugenol concentrations and a control, and both products were emulsified with five percent gelatine. For the dusts there were four different concentrations and a control. The results showed 60-70 percent inhibition by 400 ppm. Zoospora didn't grow after 300 ppm clove oil was added. Growth inhibition as high as 90 percent also happened when 0.8 g of either leaf or petiole dusts were added to 100 ml media, while 0.2 g flower dust in 100 ml medium inhibited 80-85 percent fungal growth.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 587

A practical guide to the preparation of clove planting materials (Eugenia aromatica Baill.)
Petunjuk praktis pembibitan tanaman tjengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Baill.)

Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Madjalah Pertanian [Agricultural Journal] 18 (11/12): 3-19 (1971)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1601

Drying of clove flowers using drying room, solar energy and hot air
Pengeringan bunga cengkeh menggunakan kamar pengering, energi surya dan udara panas

Nurdjanah, N; Kadarisman, K
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Penelitian Pascapanen Pertanian [Proceedings of the Seminar on Agricultural Postharvest Research]; Buku 1; Heruwati, ES et al. (ed); Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian; Bogor; 1988; p197-201

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1622

Phenolic compund in fruit and seedling developments of cloves and its seedling growth
Senyawa fenol pada perkembangan buah dan benih cengkeh serta pola pertumbuhan semainya

Sutarno, H; Utami, N.W
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Penelitian Pascapanen Pertanian [Proceedings of the Seminar on Agricultural Postharvest Research]; Buku I; Heruwati, ES et al. (ed); Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian; Bogor; 1988: p225-230

Availability :
Sutarno, H; PROSEA; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1651

Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry


Verhej, E.W.M; Snijders, C.H.A
Department of Tropical Crop Science; Wageningen Agricultural University; Netherlands

Plant Resources of South-East Asia; Proposal for a handbook; Westphal, E (ed); Jansen, PCM (ed); Wageningen; PUDOC; 1986; p61-66

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 2112

Effect of shading, ground-cover and mulching on clove cultivation
Pengaruh peneduh, penutup tanah dan mulch dalam budidaya cengkeh

Sudjaspatra, S
Agronomy Department; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Agronomi [Agronomy Bulletin] 2 (4): 1-3 (1964)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2390

Grafting of clove trees
Pencangkokan tanaman cengkeh

Rahayuningsih
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 8 (46): 47-51 (1983)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2391

The effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth of young clove trees
Pengaruh pupuk organik dan anorganik terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman cengkeh muda

Wahid, P; Usman
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 9 (50): 1-7 (1984)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2396

The isolation of eugenol from clove leaves oil at various temperature using sodium hydroxide solution
Isolasi eugenol dari minyak daun cengkeh pada berbagai suhu dengan larutan soda

Rusli, S; Wirawan, GABA
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 10 (1-2): 1-8 (1984)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2422

The effect of doses and time of fertilizer application on productive cloves
Pengaruh dosis dan waktu pemupukan pada tanaman cengkeh produktif

Usman; Muhammad, M; Wahid, P
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 11 (3-4): 74-78 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2423

Effects of fertilizer application and methods of cultural practices on the growth of young clove trees
Pengaruh pemupukan dan cara pemeliharaan terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman cengkeh muda

Darwis; Hasan, Z
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 12 (1-2): 17-21 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2424

Effects of shading intensity and growth regulators on the growth of clove seedlings
Pengaruh naungan dan pemberian zat pengatur tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan bibit tanaman cengkeh

Hasan, F
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industiral Crops] 12 (1-2): 41-52 (1986)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2433

Effect of sodium concentrations and kinds of washing solution on eugenol quality of clove leaf oil
Pengaruh konsentrasi larutan soda dan jenis pencuci terhadap mutu eugenol minyak daun cengkeh

Nurdjanah, N; Sumartini, L; Pandji, C
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 13 (1-2): 19-27 (1987)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65101

Prediction of optimal plots in studying clove
Pendugaan petak optimal untuk penelitian tanaman cengkeh

Hasnam; Sukatma
Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (25): 1-6 (1977)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65102

Sumatra disease of clove in Indonesia
Sumatra disease pada tanaman cengkeh di Indonesia

Waller, J.M; Sitepu, D
Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (26): 58-69 (1977)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3399

Quality analysis of patchouli and clove oils by chromatography
Analisis mutu minyak nilam dan minyak cengkeh secara kromatografi

Hernani; Tangendjaja, B
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Penelitian Sukamandi [Sukamandi Research Media] (6): 57-65 (1988)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 3722

Biology and epidemiology of clove leaf disease (Phyllosticta sp.)
Biologi dan epidemiologi penyakit cacar daun cengkeh (Phyllosticta sp.)

Sudarmadi
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Laporan Penelitian [Research Report]; Yogyakarta; Lembaga Penelitian UGM; 1986; Vp; 23p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 3784

Pollen storage in clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. and Perr.


Pool, P.A; Bermawie, N
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Indonesian Journal of Crop Science 2 (2): 53-58 (1986)

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3785

Leaf anatomical characters in the evaluation of clove genetic resources


Jarvie, J.K; Koerniati, S
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Indonesian Journal of Crop Science 2 (2): 79-86 (1986)

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65103

Fertilizing experiment on productive clove
Percobaan pemupukan tanaman cengkeh produktip

Wahid, P; Hasnana
Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (25): 27-37 (1977)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5397

Numerical taxonomy of cultivated and wild cloves (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr.& Perry)
Taksonomi numerik tanaman cengkeh terbudidaya dan liar (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr.and Perry)

Suryadinata, H
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bogor Agricultural University; 1988; 49p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65111

Farming analysis on the death of clove in West Sumatra
Analisa usaha tani terhadap kematian cengkeh di Sumatera Barat

Kemala, S; Nurut, A; Nataatmadja, H
Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (22): 30-56 (1976)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65112

Enlargement of planting areas and income equalizing of clove growers in North Sulawesi
Perluasan tanaman dan perataan pendapatan cengkeh di Sulawesi Utara

Kemala, Sj
Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (38): 32-51 (1980)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65122

Analysis of clove development in Sumatra island
Analisa pengembangan cengkeh di pulau Sumatera

Kemala, S; Zomarel; Muhammad, M.T
Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (38): 74-93 (1980)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5403

Method of clove breeding (Syzygium aromaticum)
Metoda pemuliaan tanaman cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum)

Hamid, A; Djisbar, A
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Lokakarya Pemuliaan Tanaman Cengkeh, Lada, Kapas dan Kelapa [Proceedings of the Workshop on Cloves, Pepper, Cotton and Coconut]; Bogor; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri; 1988; p1-14

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 5462

Quality analysis of patchouli and clove oils by chromatography
Analisis mutu minyak nilam dan minyak cengkeh secara kromatografi

Hernani; Tangendjaja, B
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Penelitian Sukamandi [Sukamandi Research Media] (6): 57-65 (1988)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5503

Clove can also be propagated by cuttings
Cengkeh juga dapat distek

Siregar, M
Suara Karya, 9 August 1988

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5549

Isolation of bacteria and fungi from black 'bengle' (Zingiber ottensii Val.) with endemic symptom and from clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.)Merr. & Perry) with leaf blight symptom
Isolasi cendawan dan bakteri dari bengle hitam (Zingiber ottensii Val.) yang bergejala hawar dan cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & Perry) yang bergejala cacar daun

Lantip, L
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bogor Agricultural University; 1987; 26p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 5902

Efforts in clove selection for resistance to leaf blister blight (Phyllosticta sp.)
Upaya seleksi ketahanan tanaman cengkeh terhadap penyakit cacar daun cengkeh (Phyllosticta sp.)

Deman, A
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Post Graduate; Bogor Agricultural University; 1988; 96p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5985

Study on root diseases of clove
Penelitian mengenai penyakit akar yang terdapat pada cengkeh

Bardjah, T
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1971; 67p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5988

Effect of roof density for shading and foliar application of fertilizer on the growth of clove (Syzygium aromaticum Merr.& Perr.) seedlings
Pengaruh kerapatan atap naungan dan pemupukan melalui daun terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum Merr.& Perr.)

Akhmad, W
Thesis; Palembang; Faculty of Agriculture; Sriwijaya University; 1979; 59p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5998

Study on the effect of stirring rate and HCl concentration on eugenol isolation from clove leaf oil
Mempelajari pengaruh kecepatan pengadukan dan konsentrasi HCl pada isolasi eugenol dari minyak daun cengkeh

Santosa, B
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1987; 63p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6000

Effect of sodium hydroxide concentration and cleaning solutions on the yield and quality of eugenol isolate from clove leaf oil (Syzygium aromaticum)
Pengaruh konsentrasi natrium hidroksida dan jenis cairan pencuci terhadap rendemen dan mutu isolat eugenol minyak daun cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum)

Sumartini, L
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1987; 80p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6058

Research development of XLB causing Sumatera disease of clove
Perkembangan penelitian penyakit bakteri pembuluh kayu PBPK tanaman cengkeh

Asman, A
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition of Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 4 (1): 28-37 (1988)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6064

Planting materials for clove cultivation
Bahan tanaman untuk budidaya cengkeh

Hamid, A; Abdullah, A
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition of Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 4 (2): 7-14 (1988)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6069

Factors affecting clove quality
Faktor yang mempengaruhi mutu cengkeh

Nurdjannah, N; Rusli, S
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Edition of Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 4 (2): 55-60 (1988)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6143

Observation on the mortality level of Coccus viridis Green (Homoptera; Coccidae) on clove in Cimanggu Experimental Garden, Bogor
Observasi tingkat mortalitas Coccus viridis Green (Homoptera; Coccidae) pada tanaman cengkeh di Kebun Percobaan Cimanggu, Bogor

Irdiani, H.R
Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; National University; 1988; 53p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6212

Eugenol isolation from clove leaf oil
Isolasi eugenol dari minyak daun cengkeh

Wirawan, G.A.B.A
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Pakuan University; 1982; 74p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6213

Stomata and leaf area indices of some clove varieties from Cimanggu and Cibinong Experimental Gardens
Indeks stomata dan indeks luas daun beberapa varietas cengkeh dari Kebun Percobaan Cimanggu dan Cibinong

Trisawa, I.M
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Pakuan University; 1988; 54p

Availability :
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6342

Intensity and the vastness of infestation of the pathogen of leaf blister blight (Phyllosticta sp.) on clove (Syzygium aromaticum Linn.) in Purworejo Area, Unit I Way Merbau, Clove Development Project in Lampung
Intensitas dan luas serangan patogen penyakit cacar daun (Phyllosticta sp.) pada tanaman cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum Linn.) di Rayon Purworejo, Unit I Way Merbau, Proyek Pengembangan Cengkeh di Lampung

Susetyo, T
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1982; 48p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6514

Effect of mulching on temperature and soil moisture fluctuation, and on the growth of clove (Syzygium aromaticum Linn.)
Pengaruh penggunaan mulsa terhadap fluktuasi suhu dan kelengasan tanah serta pertumbuhan tanaman cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum Linn.)

Tyasmalawati
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bogor Agricultural University; 1987; 83p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6529

Agroclimatic observation on the cultivation of clove in the Tea and Clove Estate PTP XIII, Ciater
Tinjauan agroklimat tanaman cengkeh di Perkebunan Teh dan Cengkeh PTP XIII Ciater

Supriadi, H
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bogor Agricultural University; 1989; 89p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65123

Construction of distillator unit for citronella grass, lemon grass and clove leaves
Konstruksi unit penyuling serai wangi, serai dapur dan daun cengkeh

Rusli, S
Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (26): 17-21 (1977)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6926

Observations on leaf blight disease (CDC) in smallholders' clove plantations in Mande Subdistrict, Cianjur District
Pengamatan penyakit cacar daun cengkeh (CDC) pada pertanaman cengkeh rakyat di Kecamatan Mande, Kabupaten Cianjur

Munsif, M
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1986; 45p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6937

Observations on diseases of clove in Kulonprogo District, Yogyakarta Special Province
Pengamatan penyakit tanaman cengkeh di Kabupaten Kulonprogo Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Sirad
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1986; 31p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 6943

Observations on major diseases of clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.)Merrill et Perry) in the Working Area of Susukan Agricultural Information, Campaka Subdistrict, Cianjur District, West Java
Pengamatan penyakit penting tanaman cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum (L.)Merril et Perry) di Wilayah Kerja Penyuluhan Pertanian Susukan, Kecamatan Campaka, Kabupaten Cianjur, Jawa Barat

Akhmad, B
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Plant Pests and Diseases; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1987; 42p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 7472

Effect of some Paraquat-containing herbicides on weeds in the productive clove plantation (Syzygium aromaticum Merr. et LM Perry)
Pengaruh beberapa herbisida yang mengandung Paraquat terhadap gulma pada pertanaman cengkeh menghasilkan (Syzygium aromaticum Merr. et LM Perry)

Handoko, T
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1987; 62p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 7622

Efforts to gain clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.)Merr.& Perry) clones through spliced approach-grafting and tissue culture
Usaha mendapatkan klon cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum (L.)Merr.& Perry) dengan spliced approach-grafting dan kultur jaringan

Pariwono, H
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1977; 57p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 8116

Guide to identification and control of pests and diseases of clove
Pedoman pengenalan dan pengendalian hama dan penyakit tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
Directorate General of Estate; Ministry of Agriculture; Jakarta; Indonesia

Dirjen Perkebunan Departemen Pertanian [Directorate General of Estate; Ministry of Agriculture]; 1983; 47 p

Availability :
Bogor Research Institute for Estate Crops (BORIE); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 8119

Characteristic of clove oils and its main compounds
Sifat-sifat minyak cengkeh dan senyawa utamanya

Murjati
Thesis; Depok; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; 1974; 25p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 8771

Diseases of cloves in West Sumatra
Penyakit cengkeh di Sumatera Barat

Anonymous
Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News]; 1 (5): 7-8 (1979)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8775

Effort of controlling mass killing disease in clove
Usaha penanggulangan penyakit mati masal tanaman cengkeh

Asman, A
Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News]; 4 (4): 6 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8779

Study on the cause of Sumatra disease on clove plant
Penelitian penyebab penyakit Sumatra pada tanaman cengkeh

Asman, A
Solok Research Institute for Industrial Crops; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News]; 8 (43): 1-8 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8810

Effect of seeds storage method on the seedlings growth of clove
Pengaruh cara penyimpanan biji terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh

Chaniago, D; Nurheru; Hamid, A
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops]; 7 (40): 1-4 (1981)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8815

Analysis of clove demand for 'kretek' cigarette industry in Indonesia
Analisis permintaan cengkeh untuk industri rokok kretek di Indonesia

Chaniago, D
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops]; 7 (41): 1-12 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8816

Food reserve content in the period of germination of clove seeds
Kadar cadangan makanan pada periode perkecambahan biji cengkeh

Ishak
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops]; 7 (41): 13-16 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 8819

Determination of the dosage of gamma rays irradiation on the growth of clove
Penetapan dosis radiasi sinar gamma terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman cengkeh

Hamid, A; Rahayuningsih; Hendratno
Bogor Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops]; 8 (42): 1-7 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 9360

Inducing root formation of clove (Eugenia aromatica OK) cuttings by the cut-off the cuttings prior to be taken and the application of IBA
Memacu pembentukan akar turus cengkih (Eugenia aromatica OK) dengan pengeratan bahan turus sebelum diambil dan IBA

Herdiyanto, S
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1990; 40p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9368

Effort in stimulating of root formation of clove (Eugenia aromatica OK) cuttings using IBA-NAA mixture and improving growth of high-yielding seedling by using gibberellin
Usaha stimulasi pembentukan akar turus cengkih (Eugenia aromatica OK) dengan campuran IBA-NAA dan memperbaiki pertumbuhan bibit unggul dengan gibberellin

Kabelen
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1984; 35p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9370

Effects of package material, Rootone-F application and fertilizers on the growth of pre-transplanting clove seedlings
Pengaruh bahan pembungkus dengan perlakuan Rootone-F dan pupuk terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkih sebelum ditanam

Kadi, S
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1982; 50p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9377

Effects of concentration and soaking duration in gibberellin solution on the seeds germination and seedlings growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica OK)
Pengaruh konsentrasi dan lama perendaman dalam larutan gibberellin terhadap daya kecambah dan pertumbuhan benih cengkih (Eugenia aromatica OK)

Hardini, A.T
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1983; 45p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9378

Effects of seed peeling and utilization of sodium-orthonitrophenolate on the seeds germination and growth of clove
Pengaruh pengupasan benih dan penggunaan natrium orto nitrofenolat terhadap perkecambahan benih cengkih dan pertumbuhannya

Hutagalung
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1984; 35p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9386

Role of harvesting age on the dry weight yield of clove flowers
Umur pemetikan peranannya terhadap produksi berat kering bunga cengkeh

Hutagalung, A
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1984; 13p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9394

Effect of urea foliar fertilizer concentrations on the growth of clove seedlings
Pengaruh konsentrasi pupuk urea pada pemupukan melalui daun terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkih

Djumari
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1983; 26p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9396

Effects of seed coat peeling and seed position of clove on the seed viability and growth of seedlings
Pengaruh pengupasan kulit dan posisi tanaman benih cengkih pada daya tumbuh dan pertumbuhan bibit

Dwidjanarko, R
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1981; 23p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9402

Effects of antitranspiration substance, litters and NPK fertilizer on the growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica OK) seedlings
Pengaruh penggunaan zat anti transpiran, seresah dan pupuk NPK terhadap pertumbuhan bibit tanaman cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica OK)

Edison
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1988; 55p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9411

Compatibility of rainfall and temperature for the growth of clove (Eugenia carryophyllata Thunb.)
Kesesuaian curah hujan dan temperatur untuk tanaman cengkeh (Eugenia carryophyllata Thunb.)

Basuki, S
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); 1989; 24p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College (STIPER); Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 9536

Effect of various concentrations of foliar fertilizers of Bayfolan, Wuxal and Gandasil on the yield of clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.)Merr.and Perr.)
Pengaruh berbagai konsentrasi pupuk daun Bayfolan, Wuxal dan Gandasil terhadap produksi cengkih (Syzygium aromaticum (L.)Merr.and Perr.)

Iskrawati
Thesis; Salatiga; Satya Wacana Christian University; 1980; 37p

Availability :
Satya Wacana Christian University; Salatiga; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 65124

Prevention of leaf blight attack on clove chemically
Pencegahan cacar daun pada tanaman cengkeh secara kimiawi

Kasim, R; Prayitno; Muchlas; Hadad, E.A
Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (38): 1-8 (1980)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 10207

Clove
Kanphlu

Sanguansupyakorn, C
Horticulture Department; Kasetsart University; Bangkok; Thailand

Warasarn phuetsuan [Horticulture Journal] 12 (2): 13-19 (1976)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 11560

Properties of Thai medicinal plants
Pramuan sapphakhum yathai

Samakhom Rongrian Phaet Phaen Boran
Bangkok; Samakom Rongrian Phaet Phaenboran; 1964; TISTR Bibliographical Series No.6; 1980; p62-63; Medicinal plants in Thailand No.1; Abstract No.207-215

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 12738

Antiseptic properties of cloves on Salmonella spp.
Prasitthiphap khong kanphlu nai kan yapyang kan charoen toepto khong Salmonella spp.

Suksringam, B
Sinakkharinwirot University; Bang Saen Campus; Chon Buri; Thailand

Abstract of the Science Research Seminar, 16-17 December 1977, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University; Bangkok; 1977; p242

Availability :
Chiang Mai University Library




NO. 65125

Various aspects of clove development in Irian Jaya
Berbagai aspek pengembangan cengkeh di Irian Jaya

Chaniago, D; Wahid, P
Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News] (25): 55-76 (1977)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65289

Study on the interaction between soil and fertilizer on the cutting surface of clove (Eugenia caryophyllus Sprengel)
Meneliti interaksi tanah dan pupuk pada bidang cangkokan cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllus Sprengel)

Wibowo, M
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1974; 24p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65290

Effects of nitrogen and phosphate fertilization on growth and comparison between root and root crown of clove (Eugenia caryophyllus Sprengel) seedlings
Pengaruh pemupukan nitrogen dan phosphat terhadap pertumbuhan dan perbandingan tajuk akar bibit cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllus Sprengel)

Wirawan, S
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1974; 35p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65294

Fertilization in the frame of rehabilitating clove
Pemupukan dalam rangka rehabilitasi tanaman cengkeh

Argasamita, M
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1973; 35p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65297

Effects of coperoxychloride, kinds of preserver media and seed storage duration on the growth of clove (Eugenia caryophyllus Sprengel) seedlings
Pengaruh koperoksikhlorida, jenis medium pengawet dan lama penyimpanan benih terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllus Sprengel)

Bangun, P
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1976; 69p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 23928

Copper toxicity of clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. and Perry) seedlings
Keracunan kuprum pada anak benih cengkih (Syzygium aromaticum L. Merr. dan Perry)

Mohd Anuar, A; Loh, C.F
Malaysian Agricultural Research Development Institute (MARDI); Serdang; Selangor

MARDI Research Journal 19 (2): 49-53 (1991)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 65300

Flowering of clove (Eugenia caryophyllus Sprengel Bullock at Harison) at three locations
Pembungaan cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllus Sprengel Bullock at Harison) pada tiga lokasi tempat

Dhalimi, A
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1974; 75p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 60167

Effects of fermentation duration and drying methods of clove on the yield and quality of oil produced
Pengaruh lama fermentasi dan cara pengeringan cengkeh terhadap rendemen serta kualitas minyaknya

Rivai, D
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; 1981; 40p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 60219

Problems and improvement approach on the quality of clove for 'kretek' cigarettes industries
Mutu cengkeh untuk industri rokok kretek permasalahan dan pendekatan perbaikannya

Linggawati
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; 1983; 57p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 60251

Increase of eugenol content of clove leaf oil
Peningkatan kadar eugenol pada minjak daun tjengkeh

Sutaperwata, T
Thesis; Bogor; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1970; 53p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 60252

Eugenol isolation and analysis of clove leaf oil
Isolasi dan analisis eugenol dari minyak daun cengkeh

Sustiraharjo, J
Thesis; Bogor; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1981; 55p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 60253

Guide to clove planting
Pedoman bercocok tanam cengkeh

Anonymous
Dinas Perkebunan Propinsi Dati I NTB [West Nusa Tenggara Estate Office] 1986/1987; 28p

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 60255

Clove leaf oil in Central Java
Minyak daun cengkeh di Jawa Tengah

Anonymous
Balai Penelitian Kimia Semarang [Semarang Chemical Research Institute] (?year); 17p

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 60313

Urgency of conserving germplasm of Eugenia caryophyllus (Spengel) Bullock et Harrison (A case study in the forest reserve of South Kedu Forest District)
Urgensi konservasi plasma nutfah Eugenia caryophyllus (Spengel) Bullock et Harrison (Study kasus di hutan lindung KPH Kedu Selatan)

Rudjiman
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; (?year); 15p

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 60319

A study on clove drying using a kerosene fueled oven dryer


Suryandono, A; Soemangat; Purwoko, A
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; 1989; 19p

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 60328

Study on anti-microbe effect of several tootache medicines containing clove oil
Studi daya antimikroba beberapa obat sakit gigi yang mengandung minyak cengkeh

Iravati, S
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Medicine; Gadjah Mada University; 1985; 17p

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 60351

The beginning of Javanese clove
Bermulanya cengkeh Jawa

Haryoto
Tarik (21): 5-11 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 60586

Clove cultivation
Budidaya cengkeh

Folder No.11/1987-1988; PIP-Nusa Tenggara Timur [PIP-East Nusa Tenggara]

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 60619

Clove cultivation
Budidaya cengkeh

Anonymous
Balai Informasi Pertanian, Sulawesi Tenggara [South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service; 1987/1988; 44p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60656

How to grow clove
Bagaimana menanam cengkeh

Kanisius, A.A
Yogyakarta; Penerbit Kanisius; 1988; 43p

Availability :
National Library of Indonesia; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 60710

Practical guide in growing clove
Pedoman praktis bercocok tanam cengkeh

Anonymous
Balai Informasi Pertanian Padang [Padang Agricultural Information Service]; 1982/1983; 32p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60723

Clove: Data and guide to the self-supporting
Cengkeh. Data dan petunjuk ke arah swasembada

Hadiwidjaya, T
Jakarta; Penerbit PT Gunung Agung; 1979; 108p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60724

Clove
Cengkeh

Anonymous
Yogyakarta; Yayasan Kanisius; 1975; 49p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60727

Guide to growing clove
Petunjuk bercocok tanam cengkeh

Anonymous
Yogyakarta; Yayasan Kanisius; 1981; 135p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60737

Clove planting
Bertanam cengkeh

Nirwana, W; Sanusi, A
Jakarta; Penerbit NV Masa Baru; 19175; 52p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60746

Resume of clove production and trade in Indonesia
Rangkuman produksi dan tataniaga cengkeh di Indonesia

Kemala, S; Wahyudi, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Produksi dan Tataniaga Cengkeh di Indonesia [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Clove Production and Trade in Indonesia]; Bogor; 1989; p1-12

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60747

Develeopment strategy of clove management in the 5th Five Year Plan
Strategi pengembangan percengkehan dalam Repelita V

Soeharjan, M
Directorate General for Estates; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Produksi dan Tataniaga Cengkeh di Indonesia [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Clove Production and Trade in Indonesia]; Bogor; 1989; p27-36

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60748

Economic merit, production development and prospect of clove in Indonesia
Arti ekonomi, perkembangan produksi dan prospek cengkeh di Indonesia

Hadiwidjaja, T
Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Produksi dan Tataniaga Cengkeh di Indonesia [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Clove Production and Trade in Indonesia]; Bogor; 1989; p13-36

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60749

Course of clove development strategy in the future
Arah strategi pengembangan cengkeh di masa depan

Darwin, SN; Kemala, S
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Produksi dan Tataniaga Cengkeh di Indonesia [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Clove Production and Trade in Indonesia]; Bogor; 1989; p37-46

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60750

Characteristics of clove flowers and stalks as mixture agent of 'kretek' cigarettes
Karakteristik bunga dan gagang cengkeh sebagai bahan pencampur rokok kretek

Rusli, S; Triantoro; Nurdjannah, N
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Produksi dan Tataniaga Cengkeh di Indonesia [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Clove Production and Trade in Indonesia]; Bogor; 1989; p78-87

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60751

Usage of clove stalks as raw material of 'kretek' cigarettes
Penggunaan gagang cengkeh sebagai bahan baku rokok kretek

Prajogo, JPS
Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Produksi dan Tataniaga Cengkeh di Indonesia [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Clove Production and Trade in Indonesia]; Bogor; 1989; p71-77

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60752

Diversifying usages of clove and its secondary products
Diversifikasi penggunaan cengkeh dan hasil ikutannya

Moestafa, A
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Produksi dan Tataniaga Cengkeh di Indonesia [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Clove Production and Trade in Indonesia]; Bogor; 1989; p64-70

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60753

Technological packages of production increase and yield fluctuation control of clove
Paket teknologi peningkatan produksi dan penekanan fluktuasi hasil cengkeh

Dhalimi, A; Wahid, P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Produksi dan Tataniaga Cengkeh di Indonesia [Proceedings of the Scientific Communication Forum on Clove Production and Trade in Indonesia]; Bogor; 1989; p47-63

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 60785

Essential oils
Minyak atsiri

Indriati-Budiman
Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; 1973; 45p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; University of Indonesia; Depok; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 61153

Reduction of oil content in clove
Pengurangan kadar minyak dalam cengkeh

Hartiono, S.B
S1 thesis; Bandung; Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; 1975; 60p

Availability :
Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 61155

Essential oils of various trading cloves
Minyak atsiri dari beberapa macam cengkeh perdagangan

Wilandauw, I
S1 thesis; Bandung; Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; 1974; 45p

Availability :
Department of Pharmacy; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 61205

Controlling the Sumatra disease of clove
Pengendalian "Sumatra disease" pada tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Padang (12): (1987-1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61219

Fertilizing, harvesting and processing the clove
Pemupukan, pemetikan dan pengolahan cengkeh

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Timor Timur [East Timor] (10): (1986-1987)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61246

Leafspot and wood vessel bacterial diseases of clove
Penyakit cacar daun dan penyakit bakteri pembuluh kayu pada tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Ciawi (83): (1987)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61263

Post-harvest handling of cloves
Pasca panen cengkeh

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Kalimantan Selatan [South Kalimantan] (19): (1987)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61264

Fertilization of clove
Pemupukan tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Kalimantan Selatan [South Kalimantan] (2): (1987)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61303

Recognizing and controlling leaf blight of clove
Pengenalan dan pengendalian penyakit cacar daun cengkeh

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Jambi (12): (1986)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61329

Yield fluctuation of clove in Cibinong
Fluktuasi hasil tanaman cengkeh di Cibinong

Djisbar, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p413-416

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61330

Possibility of clove propagation through vegetative methods
Kemungkinan perbanyakan cengkeh secara vegetatif

Darwati, I; Mariska, I
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p417-422

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61331

Results of the research and development of clove
Hasil penelitian dan pengembangan tanaman cengkeh

Kemala, S; Djisbar, A; Asman, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p377-393

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61332

Review on the cause of clove price drop
Tinjauan penyebab turunnya harga cengkeh

Kemala, S
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p394-403

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61333

Methods of growing clove in inundated areas
Cara bercocok tanam cengkeh di daerah pasang surut

Dhalimi, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p404-412

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61334

Genetic variabilities of clove in Maluku Islands
Keragaman genetik cengkeh di Kepulauan Maluku

Hamid, A; Wahid, P; Hadad, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p429-450

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61335

Utilizing insecticides effectively for controlling stem borers (Nothopeus spp.)
Penggunaan insektisida secara efektif untuk pengendalian hama penggerek batang (Nothopeus spp.)

Wikardi, E.A; Iskandar, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p463-471

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61336

Determination and identification of xylem infested bacteria of clove
Determinasi dan identifikasi bakteri pembuluh kayu cengkeh

Supriadi; Boa, E.R; Green, S.J.E
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p496-503

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61337

Controlling xylem infested bacteria of clove through infusion method
Penanggulangan penyakit bakteri pembuluh kayu cengkeh melalui infus

Asman, A; Nasrun
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p504-513

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61338

Controlling leaf blight of clove
Pengendalian penyakit cacar daun cengkeh

Ben, F.A; Dwiwarni, I
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p488-495

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61339

Fertilizing packages of clove
Paket pemupukan pada tanaman cengkeh

Trisilawati, O; Wahid, P; Dhalimi, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Results of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p423-428

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61340

Monitoring of the Croccus viridis population on clove stands in Cibinong Experimental Garden
Monitoring populasi Croccus viridis pada pertanaman cengkeh di KP Cibinong

Munaan, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p458-462

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61341

Research status of the control of Hindola spp. disease vectors
Status penelitian penanggulangan serangan vektor penyakit BPKC (Hindola spp)

Balfas, R; Lomer, C; Nurmansyah
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p472-479

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61342

Termite species attacking clove stands at Sub-Balitro Experimental Garden, Solok
Jenis-jenis rayap yang terdapat pada tanaman cengkeh di Kebun Sub-Balitro Solok

Suharyon; Karnawati, E; Jamalius
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p451-457

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61343

Controlling the leaf fall disease of clove
Pengendalian penyakit gugur daun cengkeh

Warouw, J; Paath, J
Sam Ratulangi University; Manado; North Sulawesi; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Hasil Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Development Result of Industrial Crops]; Bogor; 1990; p480-487

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61364

Selection effort for resisting clove against leaf blight
Upaya seleksi ketahanan tanaman cengkeh terhadap penyakit cacar daun cengkeh

Denian, A
MS Thesis; Yogyakarta; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; 1988; 96p

Availability :
Faculty of Postgraduate Studies; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61513

Determination of eugenol concentration in clove oil through liquid gas chromatography
Penentuan kadar eugenol dalam minyak cengkeh dengan kromatografi gas cairan

Budiwati, R
S1 Thesis; Bandung; Department of Chemistry; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; 1983; 117p

Availability :
Department of Chemistry; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; West Java; Indonesia




NO. 61637

Application of 2,4-D to inhibit seed germination of clove (Eugenia caryophillata Thunb.) during storage and its effect on seedling early growth
Penggunaan 2,4-D untuk menghambat perkecambahan benih cengkeh (Eugenia caryophillata Thunb.) selama disimpan dan pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan awal bibit

Putro, R.S.N.E
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1987; 60p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61641

Efficacy test of paraquat-bearing herbicide on the highland productive line of clove (Syzygium aromatica (L.) Perr. & Merr.)
Pengujian efikasi herbisida yang mengandung paraquat terhadap galur pada tanaman cengkeh (Syzygium aromatica (L.) Perr. & Merr.) menghasilkan dari dataran tinggi

Prasatowo, S.H
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1987; 68p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61642

Effects of different covering materials over polythene bagged seedlings of clove (Eugenia aromatica) on seedling growth
Pengaruh macam bahan penutup permukaan pembibitan cengkih (Eugenia aromatica) dalam kantong plastik terhadap pertumbuhan bibit

Prihati, W
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1984; 24p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61657

Effects of storaged seed shapes and storage containers on sed germination and growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica E.) seedlings
Pengaruh bentuk benih tersimpan dan tempat penyimpanan terhadap perkecambahan benih dan pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica E.)

Nugroho, Y.C.H
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1988; 48p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61678

Storage treatments in the effort of prolonging seed viability of clove (Eugenia aromatica OK)
Perlakuan penyimpanan dalam usaha memperpanjang daya hidup benih cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica OK)

Malelawati, E
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1983; 41p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61703

Effects of various growth media and watering period on seed germination and seedling growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K)
Macam media tanam dan periode penyiraman pengaruhnya terhadap perkecambahan dan pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)

Chusniati, H
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Veteran National Development University; 1989; 47p

Availability :
Veteran National Development University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61884

Utilization of people's forest products: Two case studies in Java
Penggunaan hasil hutan rakyat: dua studi kasus di Jawa

Kartasubrata, J
Proceedings of the National Seminar on Research and Development of Multipurpose Tree Species; Bogor; 1990; p28-47

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61928

Determination of eugenol concentration in leaf oil of clove originated from Central Java
Menetapkan kadar eugenol dari minyak daun cengkeh yang terdapat didaerah Jawa Tengah

Wijaya, L; Harris, A
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1978; 49p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61953

Comparison of eugenol content in flowerbuds and pedicels oils of Eugenia caryophyllata cvs. Zanzibar and Sikotok
Perbandingan kandungan eugenol dalam minyak kuncup bunga dan minyak tangkai bunga Eugenia caryophillata jenis Zanzibar dan jenis Sikotok

Wahyuningsih, E
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1985; 63p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62084

Isolation of eugenol from flower buds, flower stalks and leaves of cloves (Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb.) Zanzibar type
Isolasi eugenol dari kuncup bunga, tangkai bunga dan daun cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb.) tipe Zanzibar

Windarti, I.W
S1 Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1991; 70p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62165

Some possibilities in diversifying the utilization of cloves
Beberapa kemungkinan penganekaragaman pemanfaatan cengkeh

Adiana, N; Woelaningsih, S.
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; 1981; 48p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62195

Effect of clove oil on the growth of Aspergillus sp., the aflatoxin producer, grown on traditional mushrooms
Pengaruh minyak cengkeh terhadap pertumbuhan Aspergillus sp. penghasil aflatoxin yang tumbuh pada jamur tradisional

Suharni, Th.T
Makalah Pada Simposium dan Expofarma Obat Tradisional Indonesia [Paper Presented on the Symposium and Expopharma of Indonesian Traditional Medicine], Bandung; 1984; 6p

Availability :
Library of Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62282

Structural resistance of clove against leaf blister blight disease
Ketahanan struktural pada tanaman cengkeh terhadap penyakit cacar daun cengkeh

Denian, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research News]; Bogor XIV (1-2): 74-78 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62322

Isolation of eugenol from clove oil within clove flowers
Isolasi eugenol dari minyak cengkeh dalam bunga cengkeh

Murtini, S
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; 1976; 60p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62339

Studies on the relationship between distillation time and main components of clove oil
Mempelajari hubungan waktu destilasi dengan komponen utama minyak cengkeh

Nurwijayadi
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; 1989; 24p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62348

Study on the utilization of NaOH, KOH and Ca(OH)2 in the determination of concentration and isolation of eugenol in clove leaf oil
Studi penggunaan NaOH, KOH dan Ca(OH)2 pada penetapan kadar serta isolasi eugenol dalam minyak daun cengkeh

Supriyono, A
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; 1989; 51p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62369

Determination of eugenol and karyovit concentrations in various leaf oil of trade clove by gas chromatographic method
Penetapan kadar eugenol dan karyovit dalam berbagai macam minyak daun cengkeh perdagangan dengan metode kromatografi gas

Murniana
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; 1988; 68p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62374

Studies on the redistillation of clove leaf oil and isomerization of methyl eugenol
Studi redistilasi minyak daun cengkeh dan isomerisasi metil eugenol

Supeni, G
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; 1988; 40p

Availability :
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62415

Utilization of drylands
Pemanfaatan lahan kering

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Leaflet/East Java Agricultural Information Service (LIPTAN.BIP) Jawa Timur (20); 1987

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62416

Controlling the rickettsia like bacterium (RLB) disease in clove
Penanggulangan penyakit layu bakteri (RLB = Rickettsia Like Bacterium) pada tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Leaflet/East Java Agricultural Information Service (LIPTAN.BIP) Jawa Timur (8); 1986

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62434

Compatibility of land and climate for cultivating clove
Kesesuaian lahan dan iklim untuk budidaya cengkeh

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Leaflet/Bali Agricultural Information Service (LIPTAN.BIP) Bali (10); October, 1988

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62474

Allelopathic effect of clove (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) on the germination and growth of its neighbour plant species
Allelopathy tanaman cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) terhadap perkecambahan dan pertumbuhan tanaman di sekitarnya

Waluyo, S
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Laporan Penelitian Proyek PPPT-UGM [Research Report of 'PPPT-UGM' Project] (13/PLT.IV/TH.2/UGM/85): 1-29 (1985/1986)

Availability :
Library of Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62563

Cost and trade policies in attempting to achieve self-producing clove in Indonesia
Kebijaksanaan harga dan tataniaga dalam usaha swasembada cengkeh di Indonesia

Kemala, S
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 61-67 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62564

Soils for clove and their fertilization
Tanah dan pemupukan tanaman cengkeh

Wahid, P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 27-35 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62565

Factors controlling clove quality
Faktor yang mempengaruhi mutu cengkeh

Nurdjanah, N; Rusli, S
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 55-60 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62566

Research development in clove diseases
Perkembangan penelitian penyakit tanaman cengkeh

Aman, A; Hadad, E.A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 48-54 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62567

Clove pests and the development of their control methods
Hama cengkeh dan perkembangan cara penanggulangannya

Soetopo, D; Adria; Amizal
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 43-47 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62568

Mother plants and seeding of clove
Pohon induk dan pembenihan cengkeh

Hobir; Zamarel
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 15-26 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62569

Clove cultivation
Budidaya tanaman cengkeh

Rosman, R; Dedi, S.E; Tarigans, D.D; Zamarel
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 36-42 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62570

Planting material for cultivating clove
Bahan tanaman untuk budidaya cengkeh

Hamid, A; Abulloh, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 7-14 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62571

Role of clove in the Indonesian economy
Peranan cengkeh dalam perekonomian Indonesia

Kemala, S
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 1-6 (1988)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62572

Damage of clove leaves caused by Pachyipeltis sp.
Kerusakan daun cengkeh oleh Pachyipeltis sp.

Munaan, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 2 (2): 65-59 (1987)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62573

Nutrient absorption by clove seedlings under various shade levels and in mixtalol plant growth regulator
Serapan hara bibit tanaman cengkeh pada berbagai naungan dan zat pengatur tumbuh mixtalol

Hasan, Z
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Solok; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 2 (2): 43-52 (1982)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62575

Possibility in developing clove on podsolic soils in Bone-bone, South Sulawesi
Kemungkinan pengembangan tanaman cengkeh pada tanah podsolik di Bone-bone Sulawesi Selatan

Rosman, R
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 2 (2): 32-42 (1987)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62579

Effects of time and temperature of artificial maturity on the quality of dried clove produced
Pengaruh waktu dan suhu pemeraman terhadap mutu cengkeh kering yang dihasilkan

Tirtosastro, S; Nurdjanah, N
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 2 (2): 1-8 (1987)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 62685

Improving the quality of clove leaf oil
Perbaikan mutu minyak daun cengkeh

Somaatmadja, D
Bogor Chemical Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Komunikasi Balai Penelitian Kimia Bogor [Communication of Bogor Chemical Research Institute]; Balai Penelitian Kimia Bogor (165): 1-12 (1974)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65334

Effects of seed maturity level, media and conservation room conditions on seed viability of clove (Eugenia caryophyllus (Spreng.) Bullock et Harrison) during conservation period
Pengaruh tingkat kemasakan benih, media dan kondisi ruang konservasi terhadap viabilitas benih cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllus (Spreng.) Bullock et Harrison selama periode konservasi

Setyaharni, E
Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Karya Ilmiah; Jurusan Agronomi; Fakultas Pertanian; Institut Pertanian Bogor [Scientific Paper; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University]: 1987; 93p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 62888

Factors affecting the planting acreage of clove in Minahasa district
Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perluasan tanaman cengkeh di Kabupaten Minahasa

Londa, A.T
S2 thesis; Bandung; Faculty of Agriculture; Padjadjaran University; 1987; 71p

Availability :
Library of Padjajaran University; Bandung; Indonesia




NO. 62927

Anatomy and morphology of the growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) flowers
Anatomi dan morfologi pertumbuhan bunga cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)

Hidajat, E.B; Suradinata, T.S; Utomo, B.I
Research Report; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; Indonesia; (1774176): 1-32 (1976)

Availability :
Library of Faculty of Biology; Bandung Institute of Tecnology; Bandung; Indonesia




NO. 62930

Effects of seasonal variations on the structure of vegetative shoots of some tropical trees
Variasi musim pada struktur pucuk vegetatif beberapa pohon tropika

Hidayat, E.B
Research Report; Bandung Institute of Technology; Bandung; Indonesia; (4844181): 1-39 (1981)

Availability :
Faculty of Biology; Bandung Institute of Tecnology; Bandung; Indonesia




NO. 62969

Pathogenicity test of Pseudomonas sojanacearum E.F.S. on seedlings of clove cvs. Siputih, Sikotok and Zanzibar
Pengujian pathogenisitas Pseudomonos sojanacearum E.F.S. pada bibit cengkeh Siputih, Sikotok & Zanzibar

Mardinus; Hanafiah; Hakim, H
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Majalah Ilmiah Fakultas Pertanian Andalas [Science Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University] 16 (1): 30-33 (1975)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 62970

Pathogenicity test of Phytopthora cinnamomi from infected soils on clove seedlings
Pengujian pathogenisitas Phytophthora cinnamomi dari tanah yang terinfeksi terhadap kecambah cengkeh

Djafaruddin
Majalah Ilmiah Fakultas Pertanian Andalas [Science Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University] 16 (1): 5-29 (1975)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65340

Effects of seed soaking duration in water and the mixtalol spraying consentrations on seedlings growth of clove (Eugenia caryophyllus (Spreng.) Bullock et Harrison)
Pengaruh lama perendaman benih dalam air dan konsentrasi penyemprotan mixtalol terhadap pertumbuhan semaian cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllus (Spreng.) Bullock et Harrison

Susanto, D
Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Karya Ilmiah; Jurusan Agronomi; Fakultas Pertanian; Institut Pertanian Bogor [Scientific Paper; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University]: 1985; 57p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 63091

Effect of concentration of gandasil D foliar fertilizer on the growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) seedlings
Pengaruh konsentrasi pemupukan gandasil D melalui daun terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Baill.)

Hamdy, A
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1988; p1-74

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63095

Effects of some kinds of germination pots and shade tree height on growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) seedlings
Pengaruh dari beberapa jenis pot perkecambahan dan tinggi peteduh terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Baill.)

Fajarudin
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1981; p1-107

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63104

Effect of hoarding soil in clove planting on the growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica Baill.)
Pengaruh tanah penimbun lobang pada penanaman terhadap pertumbuhan cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Baill.)

Lamsuwin, E
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1987; p1-80

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63110

Agricultural soil classification for clove (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) at Cupak village, Gunung Talang, Solok district, West Sumatra
Klasifikasi tanah pertanaman cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) di kenagarian Cupak, Gunung Talang, Kab. Solok, Sumatera Barat

Irdam
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1985; p1-70

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63118

Effect of growth hormone on clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) graftings
Pengaruh hormon tumbuh terhadap pencangkokan cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)

Asrial
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1985; p1-41

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63121

Effect of application time of gandasil D foliar fertilizer on the growth of clove seedlings
Pengaruh waktu pemberian pupuk gandasil D lewat daun terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh

Hakim, H
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1982; p1-61

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63132

Observation on clove (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) flowering condition surrounding Nibung gulf and Lubuk Mintunum during the harvesting time of 1979
Sedikit pengamatan tentang keadaan pembungaan cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) di sekitar teluk Nibung dan Lubuk Mintunum pada musim panen 1979

Burbey
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1980; p1-54

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63134

Effect of growth hormone on the growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) shoot cuttings in seed-beds
Pengaruh hormon tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan stek wiwilan cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) di pembibitan

Elisman
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1985; p1-38

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63140

Effect of seed storage duration on the germinability and growth of clove in the nurseries
Pengaruh lama penyimpanan benih terhadap daya berkecambahnya dan pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh di persemaian

Warman, B.R
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1984; p1-69

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63145

Effect of hole opening duration on the growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) in the fields
Pengaruh lama pembukaan lobang terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) di lapangan

Pulungan, A
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1986; p1-65

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63150

Effect of spraying time interval of gandasil D foliar fertilizer on growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) seedlings
Pengaruh interval waktu penyemprotan gandasil D melalui daun terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Baill.)

Suhendri
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1985; p1-65

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63155

Effects of growth substances on the growth of clove seedlings in plastic bags
Pengaruh zat tumbuh terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh dalam kantong plastik

Chaizir, K
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1985; p1-66

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63157

Several fungi found together in soils and massal dead clove stands and its phatogenicity test
Beberapa fungi yang terdapat bersama tanah pertanaman cengkeh yang mati massal serta pengujian pathogenisitasnya

Mahjuddin, S
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1978; p1-77

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63168

Test of various growth media on marcotting of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)
Pengujian berbagai media tumbuh pada pencangkokan tanaman cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)

Yandri
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1985; p1-44

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63180

Effect of planting hole size on growth of young plants of clove (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) in the fields
Pengaruh ukuran lobang penanaman terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman cengkeh muda (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) di Lapangan

Bachtiar, E.S
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1987; p1-77

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63183

Phatogenicity test of Xylem Limited Bacterium (XLB) from some isolate sources on clove (Syzigium aromaticum (Linn.) Merrill et Perry )
Pengujian patogenisitas Xylem Limited Bacterium (XLB) dari beberapa sumber isolat terhadap cengkeh (Syzigium aromaticum (Linn.) Merrill et Perry)

Derwita
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1988; p1-54

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63186

Effect of concentration of green surplus foliar fertilizer on the growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) in the fields
Pengaruh pemberian konsentrasi pupuk surplus hijau melalui daun terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica Baill.) di lapangan

Erizal, K.H
S1 thesis; Padang; Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; 1988; p1-93

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Andalas University; Padang; West Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 63240

Effect of population density of Exopholis hypoleuca Wied. larvae on the root destruction of clove seedlings
Pengaruh kepadatan populasi larva Exopholis hypoleuca Wied. terhadap kerusakan akar bibit cengkeh

Kristina, N.N
Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; National University; 1988; 66p

Availability :
Faculty of Biology; National University; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63365

Effects of Atonic and Sitosim concentrations on the early growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) seedlings
Pengaruh konsentrasi Atonik dan Sitosim terhadap pertumbuhan awal bibit cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.)

Arumdiah, S
Thesis; Surabaya; Faculty of Agriculture; 'Veteran' National University; 1990; 80p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; 'Veteran' National University; East Java Branch; Surabaya; East Java; Indonesia




NO. 63467

Clove pests
Hama tanaman cengkeh

Mukidjo, A
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Buku Pegangan Kuliah 80 Jurusan Perkebunan Fakultas Pertaniann UGM [Textbook for 80 Lecture; Department of Plantation; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University], Yogyakarta 1982; 17p

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 63514

Bright future for citrus farmers
Masa depan yang cerah bagi penanam jeruk

Tirtawidaja, S
Proceedings of the Workshop on CVPD Disease and Rehabilitation of Oranges in Indonesia; Bogor; 1983; p13-21

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63582

Allelopaty properties of several tree species
Sifat alelopati pada beberapa jenis pohon

Pratiwi
Sylva Tropika 3 (2): 22-25 (1988)

Availability :
Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63592

Land suitability and climate for clove cultivation
Persesuaian lahan dan iklim untuk budidaya cengkeh

Anonymous
Bali Agricultural Information Leaflet (10): 1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63594

Clove cultivation
Budidaya cengkeh

Anonymous
East Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Leaflet (11): 1987-1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63605

Fertilizing clove stands
Pemupukan tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
Bengkulu Agricultural Information Leaflet (24); 1988-1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63606

Xylem bacterial disease of clove
Penyakit bakteri pembulu kayu (XLB) pada tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
Bengkulu Agricultural Information Leaflet (25); 1988-1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63608

Post-harvest handling of clove
Pasca panen cengkeh

Anonymous
Bengkulu Agricultural Information Leaflet (27); 1988-1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63623

Control of leaf scab disease of clove
Pengendalian penyakit cacar daun cengkeh

Anonymous
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service (02); 1990

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63650

Tools for clove drying
Alat pengeringan cengkeh

Anonymous
Riau Agricultural Information Service (014); 1986

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63654

Postharvest handling of clove
Pasca panen cengkeh

Anonymous
South Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service (019); 1987

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63673

Pre- and post-harvest maintenance of clove
Perawatan tanaman cengkeh sebelum dan sesudah panen

Anonymous
North Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (1987)

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63685

Intensification of smallholders' clove in West Java
Intensifikasi cengkeh rakyat di Jawa Barat

Anonymous
West Java Agricultural Information Service (03); 1985-1986

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63690

Land and climate suitability for cultivating clove
Kesesuaian lahan dan iklim untuk budidaya cengkeh

Anonymous
Bali Agricultural Information Service (10); 1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63702

Identification and control of leaf scab disease of clove
Pengenalan dan pengendalian penyakit cacar daun cengkeh

Anonymous
Jambi Agricultural Information Service (12); 1986

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63706

Control of bacterial wilt disease of clove
Penanggulangan penyakit layu bakteri (PLB) pada tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
East Java Agricultural Information Service (08); 1986

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63709

Fertilization of clove
Pemupukan pada tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
South Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service (002); 1987

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63736

Fertilizing clove stands
Pemupukan tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service (006); 1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63860

Relationship between leaf maturity and the essential oil content of clove
Hubungan tua mudanja daun tjengkeh dengan kandungan minjaknja

Sudibjono
S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; 1969; 18p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 63861

Content of essential oil in clove flowers at various maturity levels
Kadar minjak tjengkeh dalam bunga tjengkeh pada berbagai tingkat masak

Santoso
S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; 1968; 24p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 64033

Seeking the best method in producing some symplisia from Eugenia caryophyllata
Mencari metode terbaik untuk menghasilkan simplisia yang berasal dari tanaman Eugenia caryophyllata

Hardijanto, D
S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1976; 32p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 64246

How to plant clove
Bagaimana menanam cengkeh

A.A.K
Yayasan Kanisius Yogyakarta [Yogyakarta Kanisius Foundation]; 1980; 43p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 64300

Problems in cultivating patchouly, citronella grass and clove
Masalah pembudidayaan tanaman nilam, serai wangi dan cengkeh

Wahid, P; Laksmanahardja, M.P; Mulyono, E; Rusli, S
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings Diskusi Atsiri V [Proceedings of the Fourth Discussion on Essential Oils]; March 3-4, 1985; 1-36 (1985)

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65382

Management of cloves stands in Mataram garden, PT.Cengkeh Zanzibar, Sukabumi
Pengusahaan tanaman cengkeh di kebun Mataram, PT.Cengkeh Zanzibar, Sukabumi

Dewi, D.P.R
Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Praktek Lapang; Jurusan Agronomi; Fakultas Pertanian; Institut Pertanian Bogor [Field Practical Report; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University]; 1981; 57p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 64646

Chemical composition of essential oil in clove originated from several countries
Komposisi minyak esensial minyak cengkeh dari beberapa negara asal

Muchalal, M
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Proceedings of the Seminar on Medicinal Crops Cultivation; 1985; p158-166

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65033

Quantitative analysis of clove seedlings under various shade levels and applying plant growth regulators
Analisis kuantitatif bibit tanaman cengkeh pada berbagai naungan dan zat pengatur tumbuh

Hasan, Z
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Industrial Crops Research and Development] (5): 63-74 (1990)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65047

Composition of essential oil of clove originated in several native countries
Komposisi minyak esensial minyak cengkeh dari beberapa negara asal

Muchalai, M
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Seminar Lokakarya Pembudidayaan Tanaman Obat dan Pameran Obat Tradisional, [Seminar and Workshop on Cultivation of Medicinal Plants and Exhibition of Traditional Medicine] Proceedings 2 Lokakarya Pembudidayaan Tanaman Obat; Purwokerto October 17-18, 1985; Unsoed Purwokerto; 158-166 (1986)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65068

Processing method of clove leaf oil
Cara membuat minyak daun cengkeh

Anonymous
Bali Agricultural Information Bulletin 3 (8): 18 (1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 65077

"Kecubung hutan" (Datura metel) could be intercropped with clove to solve shortage of water
Kecubung hutan bisa ditanam bersama cengkeh untuk mengatasi air

Anonymous
Ambon Agricultural Information Bulletin (03): 24-25 (1985/1986)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 65383

Management of clove stands in the clove development project in Lampung, South Lampung
Pengusahaan tanaman cengkeh di proyek pengembangan cengkeh di Lampung, Lampung Selatan

Djunaidi, L
Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Praktek Lapang; Jurusan Agronomi; Fakultas Pertanian; Institut Pertanian Bogor [Field Practical Report; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University]; 1979; 49p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65384

Cultivation of clove in Ngrangkah Pawon cs. garden, PT.Perkebunan XXIII, Kediri, East Java
Budidaya tanaman cengkeh di kebun Ngrangkah Pawon cs. PT.Perkebunan XXIII, Kediri, Jawa Timur

Christiana, A.M.N
Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Praktek Lapang; Jurusan Agronomi; Fakultas Pertanian; Institut Pertanian Bogor [Field Practical Report; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University]; 1980; 70p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65386

Controlling pests and diseases of clove in Selokaton garden, Sukoryo, Kendal
Penanggulangan hama dan penyakit tanaman cengkeh di kebun Selokaton, Sukoryo, Kendal

Sriyani, N
Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Praktek Lapang; Jurusan Agronomi; Fakultas Pertanian; Institut Pertanian Bogor [Field Practical Report; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University]; 1984; 79p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65415

Guide in clove growing
Petunjuk bercocok tanam cengkeh

Anonymous
Penerbit Yayasan Kanisius; Yogyakarta; 1985; 135p

Availability :
Semarang College of Farming; Semarang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 65416

How to plant clove
Bagaimana menanam cengkeh

Anonymous
Penerbit Yayasan Kanisius; Yogyakarta; 1985; 43p

Availability :
Semarang College of Farming; Semarang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 65417

Clove
Cengkeh

Anonymous
Staff of Clove Estate; Branggah Banaran; Central Java; Indonesia

Penerbit Yayasan Kanisius; Yogyakarta; 1975

Availability :
Semarang College of Farming; Semarang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 65480

Clove (Eugenia aromatica )
Cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica)

Anonymous
Departemen Pertanian Badan Pendidikan Latihan dan Penyuluhan Pertanian [Ministry of Agriculture; Agency for Agricultural Education, Training and Extension]; Jakarta; 1975; 37p

Availability :
As-syafi'iyah Islamic University; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 65700

Maintenance of clove during pre- and post-harvest
Perawatan tanaman cengkeh sebelum dan sesudah panen

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Project; North Sulawesi; Indonesia

Liptan PIP; Sulawesi Utara [Agricultural Information Leaflet; North Sulawesi]; 1987; p

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; PO Box 13; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 65771

Control of pests and diseases of clove and the effort in overcoming the price drop
Penanggulangan hama dan penyakit cengkeh serta upaya mengatasi kemerosotan harga

Kemala, S; Sitepu, P; Wikardi, E.A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Temu Tugas Perkebunan/Tanaman Industri [Proceedings of the Duty Meeting of Estate/Industrial Crops] Lingkup Propinsi Sumatra Barat; Riau dan Jambi; Balittro; Puslitbangtr; Kanwil Deptan. dan Disbun Sumbar Riau dan Jambi; Bukit Tinggi 15-17 January 1990; p241-263

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65806

Composition of essential oil of clove from its original country
Komposisi minyak esensial minyak cengkeh dari negara asal

Muchalal, M
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Proceedings I Seminar dan Lokakarya Pembudidayaan Tanaman Obat dan Pameran Obat Tradisional [First Proceedings of the Seminar and Workshop on Cultivation of Medicinal Crops and Exhibition of Traditional Medicine]; UNSOED; Purwokerto; 1985; p158-166

Availability :
Semarang College of Farming; Semarang; Central Java; Indonesia




NO. 65810

Control of Hindola striata Maa. chemically
Pengendalian Hindola striata Maa. secara kimiawi

Murdiningsih; Siswanto; Sutarjo, T.T; Lomer, C.J
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Bulletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 4 (2): 94-98 (1989)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65834

Management of clove in the Maranginan estate, PT Cengkeh Zanzibar, Sukabumi district
Pengelolaan tanaman cengkeh di perkebunan cengkeh Maranginan, kabupaten Sukabumi, PT Cengkeh Zanzibar

Pamerang, H
Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Karya Ilmiah; Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian; Fakultas Pertanian; Institut Pertanian Bogor [Scientific Practical Report; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University]; 1982; 107p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65836

Management of clove at Selokaton clove estate, Kendal district
Pengelolaan tanaman cengkeh di perkebunan cengkeh Selokaton, kabupaten Kendal

Sumaryanto
Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Karya Ilmiah; Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian; Fakultas Pertanian; Institut Pertanian Bogor [Scientific Practical Report; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University]; 1982; 71p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65838

Clove Development Project in Lampung (CDPL)
Proyek Pengembangan Cengkeh di Lampung (PPCL)

Suryatna, A
Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Karya Ilmiah; Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian; Fakultas Pertanian; Institut Pertanian Bogor [Scientific Practical Report; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University]; 1981; 102p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 65931

Stuctural resistance of clove against clove leaf blister blight disease
Ketahanan struktur pada tanaman cengkeh terhadap penyakit cacar daun cengkeh

Denian, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Contribution of the Research Institute for Industrial Crops] 14 (1-2): 74-78 (1988)

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65950

Growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) seedlings treated with gibberellin (GA3) in several lervels of seed damage
Pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) akibat penggunaan gibberelin (GA3) pada beberapa tingkat kerusakan benih

Dhalimi, A
S2 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Postgraduate; Gadjah Mada University; 1984; 64p

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66044

Clove cultivation
Budidaya cengkeh

Anonymous
East Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Service 11: ?p (1987-1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66080

Blister blight disease of clove
Penyakit cacar daun pada tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
North Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service 130: ?p (1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66111

Controlling blister blight disease of clove
Penanggulangan penyakit cacar daun cengkeh

Anonymous
Ambon Agricultural Information Service 2: ?p (1986)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66134

Controlling branch die back and immature die back diseases of clove
Penanggulangan penyakit mati ranting dan mati bujang pada tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
Aceh Agricultural Information Service 4: ?p (1983/1984)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66136

Leaf blister blight disease (Phyllosticta sp.) of clove
Penyakit cacar daun cengkeh (Phyllosticta sp.)

Anonymous
Aceh Agricultural Information Service 6: ?p (1982/1983)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66143

Fertilizing clove
Pemupukan tanaman cengkeh

Anonymous
Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service 6: ?p (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66150

Clove planting
Menanam cengkeh

Anonymous
Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service 3 (14): ?p 1980

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66171

Stimulating the root growth of cuttings through plant growth regulator
Merangsang zat pertumbuhan akar stek dengan zat pengatur tumbuh

Anonymous
South Sumatera Agricultural Information Service 13: ?p (1990)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66200

Leaf blister blight disease (Phyllosticta sp.) of clove
Penyakit cacar daun cengkeh (Phyllosticta sp.)

Anonymous
Ungaran Agricultural Information Service 2: ?p (1982/1983)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66394

Design and performance test of the prototype of axial clove bud thresher
Rancangan dan pengujian prototipe alat perontok bunga cengkeh tipe aksial

Hidayat, T; Nurdjannah, N
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin 7 (1): 27-33 (1992)

Abstract:
A clove bud thresher was designed and made at Balittro, its work is based on the impaction and stripping principle. This clove bud thresher is operated by 1 HP electric motor and V-belt transmision power delivery. The result of this experiment showed that the optimal condition of threshing process was 480 rpm cylinder rotation. The performance test data of this optimal condition were: threshing efficiency (92.11%), bud cleanliness (82.41%), bud damage (8.46%), losses (8.98%) and capacity (76.43 kg bud per hours). The appearance of the dried clove bud and the oil content was very much the same as the one which was done by hand. The cost of threshing using this thresher was Rp.17.71 per kg buds. This machine still needs some improvements to decrease damage and increase the cleanliness of the buds.

Availability :
Scientific Documentation and Information Centre - The Indonesian Institute of Sciences; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 66725

A new strategy for determining species limits and populational variation in clove, Syzygium aromaticum, and recomendations for appropriate germplasm conservation


Jarvie, J; Bermawie, N
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Industrial Crops Research Journal 5 (1): 18-21 (1992)

Abstract:
Clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry; Myrtaceae) is one of the numerous economically important tree crops whose biology is very poorly known, whose ecogeographic limits are uninvestigated and whose taxonomy is barely understood. Yet despite these drawbacks emphasis is being placed on conservation of its genetic resources. This paper presented a proposed three year strategy of collection and research on the crop and its relatives based on limited available data and current concepts of taxonomy and biogeography.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66730

Effects of increased carbohydrate reserves on the success rate of budding in clove (Syzygium aromaticum)


Pool, P.A; Usman; Bermawie, N
A Farmer U.K. Government Expert for Clove Disease Project ATA-71

Industrial Crops Research Journal 4 (2): 1-6 (1992)

Abstract:
Experiments were undertaken to increase carbohydrate reserves in the stems of clove seedlings and to examine the relationship between this and the success rate of budding. Results showed that ringbarking together with the excision of growing points was the most efficient procedure for increasing carbohydrate reserves. Treating seedling budwood in this way, prior to budding, was found to be greatly improve the success rate. Increasing carbohydrate reserves in rootstocks had little effect. Further work is required to adopt this technique for use with mature trees as a budwood source.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 67358

Clove
Cengkeh

Bermawie, N
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Perkembangan Penelitian Plasma Nuftah Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Development of Research in Spices and Medicinal Crops Germplasms] 8 (2): 1-15 (1992)

Abstract:
Clove germplasm with its genetic variability is available only in Indonesia. It is an invaluable asset for the country. Therefore it is important that they are utilized and conserved properly. Clove has an important economic value, it is not only used for 'kretek' cigarette industry, but also used as spices and in medicinal or parfume industries. In order to conserve and utilize the germplasm, several related activities have been conducted. Over a thousand of collection varies from types and landraces as well as clove related species have been collected from the Moluccan islands following several explorations to the islands, for the purpose of conservation and the utilization of the germplasms. Those collections have been planted in several Balitro's experimental gardens. Evaluations to Sumatra diseases resistance and graft compatibility have been able to find a number of clove related species which are resistant and even imune to XLB and graft compatible to clove. Genetic variability based on isozyme studies has indicated that wild population is more variable than the Maluccan population and the popularly reconized types. The germplasm of clove is conserved in the hope to utilize for the improvement of the crops and for human needs in the future.

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 67483

Rooting response of clove stem cuttings to various plant growth regulators


Darwati, I; Mulyati, R.S; Hamzah, M; Masaomi, O
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 1 (2): 18-22 (1993)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 67624

Biology and control of leaf blister blight pathogen on clove


Oniki, M; Djiwanti, S.R; Sitepu, D
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Plants; Jl.Tentara Pelajar 3; Bogor; Indonessia

Biology and control of crop pathogens; BIOTROP Special Publication (54): 221-226 (1994)

Abstract:
Clove in Indonesia has long been known to suffer from a leaf blister blight disease caused by Phyllosticta syzygii. The disease is characterized by blistered-spots on leaves. The pathogen infects leaves, petioles, fruits and young stems. Pathogenicity tests suggest that incubation period of the disease is about 7 days. The pathogen penetrates into the leaves by appressoria through stomata and spreads in the leaf tissues with intra- and intercellular hyphae. The blister may be formed as a result of the hypertrophy of the host cells induced by the pathogen. In the petioles and young stems, the infections occur on the cortex and the vascular bundles. On PDA, the pathogen grows well at 20 oC - 27 oC. Plants may be protected with karbendazim and mancozeb, maneb and kaptafol. Application should be started when the disease is first observed and continued at 10-14 day intervals as long as new infection is apparent. Sanitations of infected and fallen leaves and proper fertilization are required for diseased gardens. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library




NO. 68315

Characteristics of clove flower buds and clove oil in three levels of flower maturity
Karakteristik bunga dan minyak cengkeh pada tiga tingkat kematangan

Suherdi; Risfaheri
Solok Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops; West Sumatra; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (4): 42-45 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68377

Tests of several insecticides against Hindola fulva Bakker
Pengujian beberapa macam insektisida terhadap Hindola fulva Bakker

Suharyon
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of Research and Development of Industrial Crops] (11): 19-21 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 67784

Effort in maintaining the viability of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) seeds during storage in NaCl and moist sawdust
Usaha mempertahankan daya tumbuh benih cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) selama penyimpanan dengan NaCl dan serbuk gergaji lembab

Wathan, H.M.I
Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1993; 48p

Abstract:
To maintain the viability of clove seeds (Eugenia aromatika O.K.), seeds were treated with NaCl and stored in sawdust with various humidity. The experiment was conducted in the Seed Technology Laboratory and in the Experimental Field of the Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, and carried out from January to May 1992. The 3x4 factorial Design was used with 3x4 replications arranged in a Completely Randomized Design. Specially for germination percentages of seeds and coefficient of velocity of seeds were using 4x3x8 factorial. The first factor was NaCl concentrations consisted of four levels, i.e. 0 M, 0,2 M, 0,4 M and 0,6 M. The second factor was storage sawdust humidity consisted of three levels, i.e. 70%, 80% and 90%. The third factor was storage time, consisted of eight levels, i.e. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 weeks. If a significant effect was obtained, differences among treatments were analyzed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test at 5% level. The results of this experiment showed that NaCl 0,2 M and 0,4 M with sawdust humidity 90% was able to delay seed germination and could maintain the clove seed viability stored during 7 weeks. (Revised author's abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 67850

Effort in maintaining the viability of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) seeds in various media added with coumarine
Usaha mempertahankan viabilitas benih cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) dalam beberapa macam media simpan penambah kumarin

Juniarti
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1993; 55p

Abstract:
This experiment was conducted at the Seed Technological Laboratory and the Experimental Station of Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, from December 1991 until May 1992. The aim of this experiment was to inhibit clove seed germination during stored in moist media and to get the right way to store the clove seeds. It was factorial experiment with 2 factors. The first factor was 7 levels of the concentrations of coumarine, i.e. 0 ppm, 5 ppm, 10 ppm, 15 ppm, 20 ppm, 25 ppm and 30 ppm. The second factor was 2 kinds of media, i.e. sphagnum and sawdust. The design of this experiment was a Completely Randomized Design. The results indicated that coumarine at 30 ppm was effective to inhibit the germination of clove seeds during stored in sphagnum media until 2 weeks in storage, the viability of clove seeds in storage could be maintain by using the better seed resources and the right relative humidity of media. Storing clove seeds in sawdust until 7 weeks produced the same result as in sphagnum. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 67945

Rooting response of clove stem cutting and marcotting to various plant growth regulators


Darwati, I; Rosita, S.M.D; Hasanah, M; Oniki, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia|Jica Long-term Expert

Proceedings of final seminar of the joint-study programme ATA-380 (Srengthening research and disease of industrial crops in Indonesia); Sitepu, D. (ed); Manohara, D. (ed); Oniki, M. (ed); Japan International Cooperation Agency; Agency for Agricultural Research and Development; 1992; p45-49

Abstract:
The study of vegetative propagation of clove cuttings and marcottings were done by using several growth regulators. The objective of the study was to determine the rooting response of cuttings and marcottings to various types of plant growth regulators. The experiment was conducted at the Experimental Garden of the Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops Manoko from February until July, 1991 for cuttings and marcottings studied was done at Bogor from November 1991 until May 1992. Zanzibar variety was used for the study. The treatments were control, IBA 500 ppm, paclobutrazol 250 ppm, 100 ppm NK 828 and commercial Rootone powder. The experiment was designed due to a Randomized Completely Block Design with 4 replications. Cuttings and marcottings were examined at five and six months after treatment application, respectively. Results indicated that plant growth regulators can enchance the percentage of success in vegetative propagation. The NK was found to be the best growth regulator for cuttings while Rootone-F is the best for marcottings. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 67952

Present condition of distribution and damage caused by CDC disease, and future control strategy


Oniki, M; Djiwanti, S.R; Wahyuno, D; Mulya, K; Manohara, D; Kobayashi, T
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia|Jica Short-term Expert|Jica Long-term Expert

Proceedings of final seminar of the joint-study programme ATA-380 (Srengthening research and disease of industrial crops in Indonesia); Sitepu, D. (ed); Manohara, D. (ed); Oniki, M. (ed); Japan International Cooperation Agency; Agency for Agricultural Research and Development; 1992; p12-21

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 67946

Analysis and breeding strategy of clove populations in Indonesia


Niwa, M; Yamamoto, C; Hadipoentyanti, E
Jica Short-term Expert; Ibaraki University

Proceedings of final seminar of the joint-study programme ATA-380 (Srengthening research and disease of industrial crops in Indonesia); Sitepu, D. (ed); Manohara, D. (ed); Oniki, M. (ed); Japan International Cooperation Agency; Agency for Agricultural Research and Development; 1992; p32-44

Abstract:
Twelve clove populations of Indonesian origin classified into four groups were analyzed for the leaf shape using elliptic Fourier descriptors. Principal component analysis was conducted for 77 elliptic descriptors of the contours in all the sampled leaves. By giving specific scores to each of the first six principal components, leaf contours were reconstructed in order to clarify visually the significance of these components in the leaf shape. Analysis of variance for the scores of principal components revealed that the leaf characteristics defined by three of these six components varied significantly with the populations as well as with the trees, while the other three varied independently from populations or trees. It was suggested that a slight genetic deviation may occur by the propagation of clove populations through open pollination, and that genetic differentiation had taken place among the populations originating from the Zanzibar population in Indonesia. Tentative strategies for conserving genetic resources of clove and clove breeding are proposed. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 67947

The crop loss of clove caused by leaf blister blight


Manohara, D; Oniki, M; Wahyuno, D; Nazarudin, S.B
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia|Jica Long-term Expert

Proceedings of final seminar of the joint-study programme ATA-380 (Srengthening research and disease of industrial crops in Indonesia); Sitepu, D. (ed); Manohara, D. (ed); Oniki, M. (ed); Japan International Cooperation Agency; Agency for Agricultural Research and Development; 1992; p27-31

Abstract:
The leaf blister blight (CDC) is one of the most important diseases of clove. The causal agent is Phyllosticta syzygii. CDC disease is found in almost all clove plantations in Indonesia now. The experiment on crop loss of clove caused by CDC was conducted in Cibinong Garden for about one year. The disease intensity were divided into 4 categories. Three clove plants were chosen for each category. The observation was carried out every month by counting the number of leaves, twigs and flowers at selected branches. The correlation equation of model between yield (Y) and disease intensity (X) is Y = 12.1218 - 4.34185 X exp.2 + 1.0511 X exp.3, with r = 0,97. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 67948

Morphology, physiology and ecology of the causal agent of clove leaf blister blight disease in Indonesia


Djiwanti, S.R; Oniki, M; Wahyuno, D; Takahashi, K
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia|Jica Long-term Expert

Proceedings of final seminar of the joint-study programme ATA-380 (Srengthening research and disease of industrial crops in Indonesia); Sitepu, D. (ed); Manohara, D. (ed); Oniki, M. (ed); Japan International Cooperation Agency; Agency for Agricultural Research and Development; 1992; p22-26

Abstract:
The leaf blister blight of clove is one of the most important diseases, causing high loss and serious problem every year to clove in Indonesia. The disease is caused by Phyllosticta syzygii. The perfect state of the fungus is Guignardia sp.. Morphological characteristics of the fungus are pycnidia dark, ostiolate, lenticular to globose, mostly epiphyllous, subepidermal, single or 2-gregarious pycnidia, 62.5-(79.3)-92.5 x 40-(60.8)-75 Um in size; conidiosphores short; conidia small, 1-celled, hyaline, avoid to elongate, or ellipsoidal, 4.5-(6.4)-8.5 x 3-(3.8)-5 Um in size, apical appendage present. The fungus growing well on PDA at 20 - 27 oC. Incubation phase of the pathogen is about 7 days. The pathogen penetrates into the leaves by the appressoria through stomatal and spreads in the leaf tissue with intra- and intercellular hypae. The pathogen is easily transmitted to new areas through infected plant materials. So far, chemical control of the pathogen has been more effective than other control measures. (Revised authors' abstract)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 6263

Effects of soaking period of clove seeds in water and the concentration of mixtalol spraying on the growth of clove seedlings (Eugenia caryophylla (Speng.)Bullock et Harrison)
Pengaruh lama perendaman benih dalam air dan konsentrasi penyemprotan mixtalol terhadap pertumbuhan semaian cengkeh (Eugenia caryophylla (Spreng.) Bullock et Harrison)

Susanto, D
Thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1985; 57p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 68310

Effect of larval population of Exopholis hypoleuca Wild. against the growth of young clove stands
Pengaruh populasi larva Exopholis hypoleuca Wild. terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman cengkeh muda

Kristina, N.N; Munaan, A
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (4): 22-24 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68218

Effects of particle size and extraction condition on the yield and quality of oleoresin of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) flower buds
Pengaruh ukuran bahan dan kondisi ekstraksi terhadap rendemen dan mutu oleoresin bunga cengkeh (Syzyggium aromaticum)

Ketaren, S; Melinda, M
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian [Agricultural Industrial Technology Journal] IV (2): 12-19 (1994)

Abstract:
Clove buds are one of the spiceries produced in Indonesia and considered as an important commodity, especially in cigarette industry. Over production of clove buds lately, made market price of clove buds decreased. One of the alternative to increase the added value of clove buds is to make it as a source of oleoresin. The aim of this research was to know the effect of particle size, ratio between solute and solvent and temperature effect of extraction on the yield and quality of clove bud oleoresin. Treatments included different particle size of clove buds (20 and 40 mesh), different ratio between solute and solvent (1:3, 1:5, 1:7) and different temperatures of extraction (30 oC, 56 oC, 70 oC). A factorial experiment arranged in a completely randomized design with two replicates was emplayed. Parameters assessed were yield, essential oil content, solvent residu, specific grafity, refractive index, mineral content and analysis of essential oil from oleoresin by gas chromatography. The best combination of treatment in this research was particle size 20 mesh, ratio between solute and solvent 1:7 and extraction temperature was 50 oC. The treatment combination produced 32.08% of yield, 48.48% of essential oil content, 1.078 of specific gravity, 1.532 of refractive index, and 0.62% of mineral content. From chromatogram was found 16 peaks and the widest peak was eugenol 67.28%. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68297

Method on the yield estimation of clove flower buds based on the size of tree crown and flower density
Metode taksasi produksi bunga cengkeh berdasarkan ukuran mahkota pohon dan kerapatan bunga

Nurheru
Research Institute for Tobacco and Fibre Crops; Malang; East Java; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (3): 5-8 (1992)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 68339

Growth of clove seedlings applied with phosphate fertilizer and Triakontanol
Pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh yang dipupuk fosfat dan aplikasi triakontanol

Dhalimi, A
Central Research Institute for Industrial Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin (6): 60-65 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 69291

The effect of concentration and application time of ethepon on the flower fall of clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.)
Pengaruh konsentrasi dan saat pemberian ethepon terhadap gugur bunga cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum L.)

Santoso, A.B
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1992; 50p

Abstract:
This research was directed to study the effect of concentrations and application time of ethepon on the fall of clove flowers. The experiment was conducted at Erorejo village, Wadaslintang, Wonosobo district from April 13th until May 13th, 1992. The experiment was designed due to a Completely Randomized Design, Factorial with three replications. The first factor was application time of ethepon, consisted of three levels, namely: S1 = Unripening flowers, S2 = Repening flowers, S3 = Over repening flowers. The second factor was ethepon concentrations, consisted of four levels, i.e. K0 = Control, K1 = 100 ppm equal to 0,020 g/l, K2 = 200 ppm equal to 0,057 g/l, K3 = 300 ppm equal to 0,085 g/l. The results showed that ethepon concentration of 100 ppm was the best in relation to clove flower falling. There was interaction effect between ethepon concentration and time of flower ripening on the flower falling at four days after treatment. At the eight days after treatment, there were indication that increasing ethepon concentration caused faster flower falling.

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College Library; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 69762


Biology and control of leaf blister blight pathogen on clove

Oniki, M; Djiwanti, S.R; Sitepu, D
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Jl.Tentara Pelajar 3; Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings of the Symposium on Biology and Control of Crop Pathogens; Mien A.Rifai (ed.); E.S.Scott (ed.); F.C.Quebral (ed.); Baharuddin Saleh (ed.); Okky Setyawati Dharmaputra (ed.); Bogor, Indonesia, 2-4 February 1993; Biotrop Special Publication (54): 121-226 (1994)

Abstract:
Clove in Indonesia has long been known to suffer from a leaf blister blight disease caused by Phyllosticta syzygii. The disease is characterized by blistered-spots on leaves. The pathogens infects leaves, petioles, fruit and young stems. Pathogenicity tests suggested that incubation period of the disease is about 7 days. The pathogen penetrates into the leaves by appressor- ia through stomata and spreads in the leaf tissues with intra- and inter- cellular hyphae. The blister may be formed as a result of the hypertrophy of the host cells induced by the pathogen. In petioles and young stems, the infections occur on cortex and vascular bundles. On PDA, the pathogen grows well at 20 - 27 oC. Plants may be protected with karbendazim and mancozeb, maneb and kaptafol. Application should be started when the disease is first obseved and continued at 10-14 day intervals as long as new infection is apparent. Sanitations of infected and fallen leaves and proper fertilizations are required for diseased gardens.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 100067

Analysis of marketing development of clove in North Sulawesi
Analisis perkembangan tataniaga cengkeh di Sulawesi Utara

Rumondor, C.L
Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

S2 Thesis; Bogor; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 127p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 100137

Role of buffer and the marketing institution of clove as the main institute of clove trade in stabilizing price (A case study of Bina Usaha of Village Unit Cooperation in Kotabumi, North Lampung district)
Peranan badan penyangga dan pemasaran cengkeh (BPPC) sebagai pelaku utama tataniaga cengkeh dalam upaya menstabilkan harga (Studi kasus pada KUD Bina Usaha, di Kotabumi, Kabupaten Lampung Utara)

Evana, E
Faculty of Agriculture; Lampung University; Jl.Prof.Dr.Sumantri Brojonegoro No.1; Bandar Lampung; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian Pengembangan Wilayah Lahan Kering [Dryland Research and Development Journal] (12): 127-136 (1993)

Abstract:
This research was concerned with the marketing of clove in Lampung. More specifically, the study deals with the roles of BPPC as the clove price stabilizer. Using a descriptive analysis, the study found that the price of clove received by the farmers was far below the price set by the government. This is resulted in a declining in the earning power of the KUD. The research concluded that 'BPPC' is unable to stabilize the price received by the farmer.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 100159

Preparation of several new products, as effort in diversifying surplus of clove supply
Pembuatan beberapa produk baru, sebagai langkah diversifikasi untuk mengatasi kelebihan suplai cengkeh

Anonymous
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of the Industrial Crops Research and Development] (13): 24-26 (1994)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 100165

Biology of Coccus viridis Green and the damaged caused by it on clove
Biologi Coccus viridis Green dan kerusakannya pada tanaman cengkeh

Nazar, A; Karmawati, E
Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of the Industrial Crops Research and Development] (13): 69-71 (1994)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 100208

Morphological characteristic of Acmopolynema spp. (Hymenoptera:Mymaridae), egg parasitoids of Hindola spp. (Homoptera:Machaerotidae)
Sifat-sifat morfologi Acmopolynema spp. (Hymenoptera:Mymaridae), parasitoid telur Hindola spp. (Homoptera:Machaerotidae)

Siswanto
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 2 (1): 18-30 (1993)

Abstract:
The taxonomy of Acmopolynema spp., egg parasitoids of Hindola spp. from different hosts and locations in Indonesia were investigated. The study was mainly based on the morphological characters using morphometric analysis. Among the five Acmopolynema populations studied, i.e. Acmopolynema from Hindola striata eggs on clove (Ciawi), H. striata eggs on Xanthostemon chrysanthus (Cibodas), H. viridicans eggs on Melastoma malabathricum (Bogor), H. striata eggs on clove (Malang) and from H. striata eggs on clove (Karang Anyar), the one that parasitized H. viridicans eggs on M. malabatrichum showed quite different morphologically. The differences are particularly on the flowering, first segment (scape) and last segment (club) and female antennae, colour distribution of the legs, body size and the length of ovipositor. They also have a characteristic oviposition behaviour in relation to the different structures of host plants of their host insect.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100213

Effect of price on the productivity and supply of clove
Pengaruh harga terhadap produktivitas dan pasokan cengkeh

Kemala, Sj; Pribadi, E.R
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Issue of Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 9 (2): 8-13 (1993)

Abstract:
Analysis to perceive the effect of price on productivity and supply of clove has been done. A series of data of 1972-1985, including acreage, production, productivity and price of clove was used to determine maximum acreage, optimum price of clove and trend of productivity. Linear and quadratic regression analysis were applied to analysis the data. The analysis showed that the expansion of acreage was dominantly affected by price of clove. To reach the optimum price of Rp.9.380.65 the maximum acreage that must be maintained was 412.553 ha. If the acreage and price were not maintained the productivity of clove may continously decrease, due to limitation of farmers capital to manage their cultivation reliable. The condition will influence the supply of clove in the future.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100638

Eugenol and clove leaves for controlling plant diseases
Eugenol dan daun cengkeh untuk pengendalian penyakit tanaman

Tombe, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News] 15 (1): 12-13 (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100645

Several new products from clove flowers
Beberapa produk baru dari bunga cengkeh

Arif, R
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News] 16 (1): 6-8 (1994)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101222

Collection, conservation, characterization, evaluation and documentation of clove germplasm
Koleksi, konservasi, karakterisasi, evaluasi dan dokumentasi plasma nutfah cengkeh

Koerniati, S; Bermawie, N; Hadipoentyanti, E.; Martono, B
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Koleksi dan Karakterisasi Plasma Nutfah Pertanian [Collection and Characterization of Agricultural Germplasm]; Review hasil dan program penelitian plasma nutfah pertanian, Bogor, 26-27 Juli 1994; Sunihardi (ed.); Musaddad, A (ed.); Ruhendi (ed.); Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian; 1994; p247-255

Abstract:
Clove is one of spices crop, which originally comes from Indonesia. The centre of diversity is Maluku islands. Ex situ conservation that has been attempted to clove resulted 984 numbers of collections and the latest one were 30 marcots of zanzibar from Cibinong Experimental Garden, 52 seedlings from Molombi, Minahasa, 42 Siputih and 49 Zanzibar from Sukabumi and 27 AFO from Maluku. Characterization of those materials for morphological, agronomical and genetical characters has been done. Among 4 commercial clove types, Zanzibar was the most completely observed material than others. Its isoenzyme marker were MDH-2 and TPI-1. Retardation growth symptom of homozygote AFO will be clearer shown in the next few years. Variation among collection gives possibilities to obtain enough plant material for producing of good variety in the meantime and the future. Hence, attempting for conserving of germplasm need to be continued.

Availability :
Research Centre for Estate Biotechnology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101517

Pathogenicity test of various kinds of Pseudomonas syzygii isolates on clove seedlings
Uji patogenisitas berbagai macam isolat bakteri Pseudomonas syzygii pada bibit cengkeh

Adhi, E.M; Thom, L
Indonesian Phytopathological Society; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society] Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p1040-1043

Abstract:
The study was designed to know the ratio of pathogenicity level of different Pseudomonas syzygii isolates isolated from quick dying and slow dying diseased clove plants; and from insect vectors Hindola striata and H. fulva. Each isolate was multiplied using single and mixed colony techniques. Bacterial suspension from the colony was inoculated to 18 months old clove seedling through stem initiation. The observation showed that isolates from quick dying cloves and from H. striata. Bacterial isolates from either single or mixed colony did not show any significant pathogenicity level difference.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101518

Comparative effectively of several kinds of antibiotics on clove xylem bacterium disease
Perbandingan efektifitas beberapa macam antibiotika terhadap penyakit bakteri pembuluh kayu cengkeh

Nasrun; Nurmansyah; Asman, A; Syamsu, H
Indonesian Phytopathological Society; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XII, dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 12th National Congress, and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society] Yogyakarta, 6-8 September 1993; Buku II; p1044-1048

Abstract:
A study on the comparative effectively of several antibiotics to clove xylem bacterium disease caused by Pseudomonas syzygii was carried out in Batu Banyak village, Solok, West Sumatera from August 1984 to March 1989. The design of the study was a Randomized Block with five antibiotics (oxytetracycline, penicilline, sulphate streptomycine, oxycline and distilled water control) as treatments with 10 replicates. The result showed that antibiotics were able to suppress the development of the disease symptoms, and oxytetracycline was more effective compared to the other antibiotics. The average symptom scale of the disease by the end of the study were 1.3 (oxytetracycline), 3.5 (penicilline), 3.6 (oxycycline), 3.7 (streptomycine) and 6.6 (control).

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 101618

Prospect of integrated control of Hindola, insect vector of BPKC disease
Prospek pengendalian terpadu Hindola, serangga vektor penyakit BPKC

Siswanto; Balfas, R; Mardiningsih, T.L.
Indonesian Entomological Society; Bandung Branch; West Java; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Penerapan Pengendalian Hama Terpadu [Proceedings of the Symposium on Applied of Integrated Pest Control], 3-4 September 1992; p61-65

Abstract:
Hindola spp. has positively been known as vectors of BPKC disease on clove. Control of these vectors is needed to prevent distribution of the disease. Chemical control with insecticides showed that synthetic pyrethroid and aldicarb were highly effective to Hindola spp., while monocrotophos and carbofuran were moderately effective. Predators (Tettigonid, and possibly Mantids, spiders, Neuroptera, cricket, cochroach and Technomyrmex ant), egg parasitoids (Acmopolynema spp. and Centrodora sp.) nymph parasitoid Carabunia sp. and nymph-adult parasitoid Strepsitera have been known as Hindola's natural enemies in the field. Myrtaceaous plants have also been known as host of Hindola apart of cloves. Integrated control using those components was possibly the convenient method to control Hindola spp. in case of reducing insecticides application.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 102015

Pupae parasite of Repalodia sumatrae Neber on Carea angulata F., the clove leaf destroyer
Parasit pupa Repalodia sumatrae Neber pada perusak daun cengkeh Carea angulata F.

Nazar, A; Karmawati, E
Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of the Industrial Crop Research and Development] (15): 52-53 (1995)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102017

Fertilization arrangement to suppress the attack of the wood vessel bacteria disease on clove
Pengaturan pemupukan untuk menekan serangan penyakit bakteri pembuluh kayu cengkeh

Zamarel, A; Sumanto
Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of the Industrial Crop Research and Development] (15): 65-69 (1995)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102464

Response of clove seedlings on phosphate and triacontanol fertilizers
Tanggapan bibit cengkeh terhadap pupuk fosfat dan triakontanol

Dhalimi, A
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Bulletin] (8): 64-79 (1994)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 102679

Factors affecting the yield of methyl eugenol by methylation of eugenol from clove leaf oil


Moestofa, A; Rusli, S
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 3 (1): 1-6 (1994)

Abstract:
Eugenol isolated from clove leaf oil was used in the synthesis of methyl eugenol. Methyl eugenol produced was intended to used as a synthetic pheromone like odour to trap fruit flies. The experiment was aimed to study the best conditions for producing methyl eugenol. Factors tested were the interaction effects of temperature reaction (25oC and 10oC), duration of agitation (4 h and 2 h) and the rate of addition of dimethyl sulphate (DMS) (1.67 ml/minute and 0.42 ml/minute). The experiment was designed in a Completely Randomized Design with two replicates. The results showed the interaction between all the three factors were significantly affected the yield of methyl eugenol. The best conditions for the synthesis of methyl eugenol were the reaction that conducted at the temperature 10oC for four hours with slower addition of DMS at the rate of 0.42 ml per minute. This treatment combination produced methyl eugenol with 93.5% purity.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 102683

Visualisation of clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & Perry) isozymes by vertical slab gel electrophoresis


Hadipoentyanti, E
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 3 (1): 26-30 (1994)

Abstract:
The experiment was conducted at Ecological Genetics Laboratory, Forestry and Forest Product Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan in 1990. The purpose of this research was to show a procedure for the visualisation of clove isozymes by vertical slab gel-electrophoresis. The enzyme systems studied were peroxidase (POD), diaphorase (DIA), esterase (EST), acid phosphatase (ACP), glutamate oxiloacetate transaminase (GOT) and leucine amino peptidase (LAP). Of the six enzyme systems investigated in clove, 14 loci and 23 alleles were found. This information will be considerably benefit for future clove breeding research programmes.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103743

Study on the physical characteristics of clove in the application of constructing clove drier apparatus
Studi sifat fisik cengkeh dalam aplikasi pembuatan pengering cengkeh

Siregar, M; Pasaribu, W; Sitepu, J
VISI 2 (3): 614-629 (1992)

Abstract:
This research was conducted to measure the clove moisture, drying constant, and water concentration equilibrium which were applied in constructing of clove drier. Clove drying analysis was based on the cylindrical model. The drying of clove was carried out by using heater, and drying temperature treatments were 40, 50, and 60oC. Based on the experiment, the drying of clove at temperature 60oC gave the best result compared to the other.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103881

Effects of material size and extraction condition on yield and quality of oleoresin from clove flower
Pengaruh ukuran bahan dan kondisi ekstraksi terhadap rendemen dan mutu oleoresin bunga cengkeh

Melinda, M
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 90p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103943

Study on processing of isoeugenol from clove leaves oil
Mempelajari pembuatan iseugenol dari minyak daun cengkeh

Leody
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 100p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104038

Effect of combination between high and shade level on growth of clove (Eugenia aromatica OK) seedlings in the nursery
Pengaruh kombinasi tinggi dan tingkat naungan terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica OK) di pembibitan

Neliyati
Faculty of Agriculture; Jambi University; Jambi; Sumatera; Indonesia

Majalah Ilmiah Universitas Jambi [Jambi University Science Journal] (32): 21-31 (1992)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104130

Application of extraction technique with fluid-supercritics to increase yield and quality of clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.) flowers oils
Aplikasi teknik ekstraksi dengan fluida superkritik untuk meningkatkan rendemen dan mutu minyak bunga cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum L.)

Hermin
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 105p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104215

Fractination of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) oil by using supercritic CO2
Fraksinasi minyak cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum) menggunakan CO2 superkritik

Kumalasari, S
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1995; 80p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104428

Classification of class of land availability on growth of rubber and clove plant based on 'Deptrans' and CSR/FAO criteria using land programme
Pengklasifikasian klas kesesuaian lahan untuk karet dan cengkeh berdasarkan kriteria Deptrans dan CSR/FAO menggunakan program lands

Gandini, R
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 60p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104429

Effect of organic manure, TSP fertilizer and stand of coconut tree on growth of Eugenia caryophyllus at andisols in Sukamantri, Bogor
Pengaruh bahan organik, pupuk TSP dan tegakan pohon kelapa terhadap pertumbuhan cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllus O.K.) pada Andisols Sukamantri, Bogor

Prabowo, A.D
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 61p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104434

Response of clove plant on application of Imperata mulch sprayed with herbicide on some levels of nitrogen fertilizer
Respon tanaman cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum L.) terhadap pemberian mulsa alang-alang yang disemprot herbisida pada berbagai taraf pemupukan nitrogen

Nugrahani, S
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 61p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104616

Developing on raw material treatment to increase the rendemen on clove oil distillation
Pengembangan perlakuan bahan baku untuk meningkatkan rendemen pada penyulingan minyak daun cengkeh

Rauf, A; Idang, T; Hasan, H; Arifuddin, M; Thamrin, I; Mustamir; Baduki, S
Balai Industri Ujung Pandang [Ujung Pandang Industrial Institute] (1995); 19p

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 104627

Direct and indirect effects of climatic factors on the flowering of clove
Pengaruh langsung dan tidak langsung unsur-unsur iklim terhadap pembungaan tanaman cengkeh

Ruchnayat, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 9 (1): 39-45 (1994)

Abstract:
Influence of climatic factor on clove production was studied at the Cibinong Experimental Garden for the period 1977 to 1990. The objective of this study was to evaluate the direct and indirect effect of climatic factors on the flowering of clove plants. The method used was the path and regression analysis. The results showed that there exist direct and indirect effect of climatic factors on the intensity of flowering of clove plants. The direct effect of rainfall and it's indirect effect via relative humidity were dominant in influencing flowering of clove plants, whereas the relationship has the fifth degree of polynom. Direct and indirect effect of other climatic factors such as temperature and intensity of radiation have relatively small effect.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104713

Market failure phenomenon in Indonesian clove market
Fenomena kegagalan pasar cengkeh Indonesia

Wahyudi, A
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spice and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 9 (1): 34-38 (1994)

Abstract:
Clove real price continuously decreased in the period 1980-1992, after increased in 1971-1979. The objective of this research was to detect the existence of market failure phenomenon as causing of the falling down of the clove real price, beside supply and demand interaction factors. The results indicated that there was market failure phenomenon occurred from the oligopsony (monopsony) of the clove market structure. The pure impact of the interaction of the production (as a main component of supply) and the consumption (as a main component of demand) was able to push up the real price.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104760

Agronomic treatments on clove trees suffering from dieback
Tindak agronomi penanggulangan penyakit mati ranting tanaman cengkeh

Usman; Wahid, P
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Bulletin] 8 (2): 65-69 (1993)

Abstract:
There is a strong impression that dieback has caused considerable losses on clove in Indonesia. However, particular study of clove diseases associated with dieback has not been made. An experiment was undertaken to examine the effect of agronomic treatments in relation to the degree of recovering of plants suffering from dieback. Results showed that agronomic treatments had little effect on recovering of clove trees caused by dieback. Nonetheless, the use of either Atonik or Dekamon combined with 1.75 kg urea and dolomite slightly improved the growth of clove trees. Further investigation is needed, especially to identify major factors causing poor health of clove trees, known as dieback.

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 104869

Synthesis of ethyl-eugenol from eugenol as an isolation product of clove leaf oil
Sintesis etil eugenol dari eugenol hasil isolasi minyak daun cengkeh

Bulan, R
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; North Sumatra University; Medan; Indonesia

Majalah Universitas Sumatera Utara [North Sumatra University Journal] 21 (1): 81-86 (1995)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 104985

Effects of hulling and distillation duration of clove flowers on the yield and quality of oil produced
Pengaruh penggilingan dan lama penyulingan bunga cengkeh terhadap rendemen dan mutu minyaknya

Muh.Nur Zamzam
BSc thesis; Bogor; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1993; 71p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 105161

Antimicrobe activities of essential oils of clover flower buds and kenanga ylang ylang flowers against Staphylococcus aureus, Eschericia coli and Aspergillus flavus in vitro
Aktivitas antimikroba minyak atsiri kuncup bunga cengkeh dan bunga kenanga terhadap Staphylococcus aureus, Eschericia coli dan Aspergillus flavus secara in vitro

Tjahjani, N.P
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; 1995; 69p

Availability :
Faculty of Pharmacy; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 105478

Cultivation of clove (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) in the Clove Project Performer Unit (UPP) Establishment Unit, Samigaluh subdistrict, Kulonprogo, Yogyakarta Special District
Budidaya tanaman cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica O.K.) di unit pelaksana proyek (UPP) cengkeh wilayah binaan Kecamatan Samigaluh, Kulonprogo Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Suhartanto, Y
Field Work Report; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; 1993; 24p

Availability :
Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 104770


Study on the formation, production and viability of clove seed

Hasanah, M; Murniati, E; Miriantini, T
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 2 (2): 33-40 (1994)

Abstract:
Clove seed belongs to the recalcitrant group, characterized by early germination and easily drop of its viability. A study of seed formation was carried out firstly to determine appropriate time for harvesting, based on percentage of germination, speed of germination, seed dry weight and moisture content. Secondly was to study the effect of paclobutrazol as a plant growth regulator on seed production and seed viability. Five levels (0, 1250, 2500, 5000, 7500 ppm) of paclobutrazol concentrations were used with 4 replicates, and arranged in a Randomized Block Design. The experiment was conducted at Rejosari Bumi Garden in Ciomas, Bogor. Thirteen years old Zanzibar type of clove was used in this experiment. Several parameters such as seed production per plant, seed length, seed diameter, seed volume, percentage of seed bearing per plant, potential viability of seed per plant and vigor seed production per plant were used. Maximum seed dry weight, percentage of seed germination, speed of germination and lower seed water content were reached at the 12 stages (90 Days After Anthesis/DAA) of fruit formation which were 3.22 g, 97.5%, 13.8%/etmal and 42.60% respectively. The treatment of paclobutrazol 5000 ppm inclined to enhance fruit production per branch, seed weight, seed length, viable seed per branch, while 7500 ppm concentration gave opposite result. Harvested seed were tested and the results indicated that the percentage of germination, speed of germination, seedling height and number of seedling leaves were not affected by all treatment concentrations treated to the mother plant.

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 104903

Utilization of "blotong" (sugarcane residues) and urea fertilizer application on the growth of clove (Eugenia caryophyllus (Sprengel) Bulloch et Harison)
Pemanfaatan blotong dan pemupukan urea terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh (Eugenia caryophyllus (Spregel) Bulloch et Harison)

Hafis, M.A
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 48p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 105954

Utilization of sago (Metroxylon sagu Rottb.) wastes and chickens dung as growth media and the application of nitrogen and phosphor fertilizers in seeding of clove (Eugenia caryophyllus Spreng)
Pemanfaatan limbah sagu (Metroxylon sagu Rottb.) dan kotoran ayam sebagai media tanam serta pemupukan nitrogen dan fosfor pada pembibitan cengkeh (Eugenia cargophillus Spreng)

Soebijandojo
S1 thesis; Bogor; Department of Agronomy; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1995; 53p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 107242

Effect of flour and clove oil on Phytophthora, Regidoporus and Sclerotium
Pengaruh tepung dan minyak cengkeh terhadap Phytopthora, Rigidoporus dan Sclerotium

Manohara, D; Eahyuno, D; Sukamto
Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dalam Rangka Pemanfaatan Pestisida Nabati [Proceedings of the Research Result Seminar on the Utilization of Plant Pesticides; Bogor 1-2 Desember 1993; 1994; p19-27

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107244

Efficacy test on clove oil and "serai wangi" lemon grass on Pseudomonas solanacearum
Uji efikasi minyak cengkeh dan serai wangi terhadap Pseudomonas solanacearum

Hartati, S.Y; Adhi, E.M; Asman, A; Karyani, N
Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dalam Rangka Pemanfaatan Pestisida Nabati [Proceedings of the Research Result Seminar on the Utilization of Plant Pesticides]; Bogor 1-2 Desember 1993; 1994; p37-42

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107245

Efficacy of eugenol, oil and powder of clove on Pseudomonas solanacearum
Efikasi eugenol, minyak dan serbuk cengkeh terhadap bakteri Pseudomonas solanacearum

Hartati, S.Y; Adhi, E.M; Asman, A; Karyani, N
Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dalam Rangka Pemanfaatan Pestisida Nabati [Proceedings of the Research Result Seminar on the Utilization of Plant Pesticides]; Bogor 1-2 Desember 1993; 1994; p43-48

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106665

Preliminary feasibility study of synthetic vanillin industry of clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Muell & Perry) flowers oil in Lampung Province
Pra studi kelayakan industri vanilin sintetik dari minyak bunga cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Muell & Perry) di Propinsi Lampung

Hardjo, S; H.Rizal
Department of Agricultural Industrial Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian [Agricultural Industrial Technology Journal] 6 (1): 8-12 (1996)

Abstract:
The study was designed in order to investigate the industrial pre feasibility on synthetic vanillin from clove bud oil by techno-economical approach. The availability of dried clove bud as raw material in the future was determined by using the simple linear regression method. It was found that it would be guaranteed. Prediction in the future potential market of synthetic vanillin was approached by using the data of imported vanillin to Indonesia. The results showed that it would have a good market prospect. The plants was expected to produce 219.395 kilograms of synthetic vanillin per annuum. The processing plant location was determined by using The Exponential Comparative Method. It was found that The Industry Zone, Panjang-Sribawono, was the best. The proposed plant would run commercially with initial investment of Rp.1,940,865,000, while the needed annual operation costs were Rp.674,045,000 for the fixed cost and Rp.8,272,935,100 for variable cost. The proposed industry was considered feasible, with NPV (at 21% interest) of Rp.4,163,892,119, IRR of 69.89%, the Net B/C ratio of 7.13 and the Pay Back Period of 0.55 year. At the decline of synthetic vanillin selling price of 10% and the rise in the production cost at 5% this industry would still remain feasible, but the rise in raw material cost at 50% would not.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 107096

Improving clove leaf oil quality for export using chemically deterpenation process
Peningkatan mutu minyak daun cengkeh untuk ekspor dengan proses deterpenasi cara kimiawi

Sait, S; Hutajalu, T.F
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia

Warta IHP (Industri Hasil Pertanian) [Journal of Agro-based Industry] 12 (1-2): 74-77 (1995)

Abstract:
In order to improve the export quality of the Indonesian clove leaf oil, the 66% eugenol containing essential oil produced by the water and steam distillation of old fallen on the ground clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.) leaves was deterpenated using two chemical methods of the deterpenation process, i.e. the method based on the formation of water-soluble alkali-phenolates to separate the water-insoluble non-phenolic constituents from the oil and that based on the extraction of the soluble oxygenated constituents in dilute ethanol to separate the insoluble terpenes from the oil. Results of the experiment concluded that the method of deterpenation involving the formation of alkali phenolates was comparatively the most favourable process for carrying out the quality upgrading of clove leaf oil, since it gave the terpeneless product with the highest content of eugenol (92%, compared to 72% obtained from the extraction method). However, the method gave the terpene extract, as by-product, on the contrary, with the lowest content of betacaryophyllene (75% compared to 80% obtained from the other method).

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107105

Toxicity of clove eugenol on several pathogenic fungi
Toksisitas eugenol cengkeh terhadap beberapa jamur pathogenik

Tombe, N; Kobayashi, K; Oniki, M; Ogoshi, A
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Indonesian Journal of Crop Science 10 (1): 11-18 (1995)

Abstract:
Clove is an important crop of smallholders in Indonesia, contains various volatile compounds such as eugenol, eugenol acetate, and beta-caryophyllene. The experiment in vitro was conducted in order to understand eugenol effect on the growth of 21 isolates of pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum originated from Japan and nine other pathogenic fungi isolated in Indonesia. The results showed that clove eugenol compounds played a significant role on suppression of growth of the tested pathogenic fungi. Antimicrobial spectrum of eugenol compounds of clove leaves indicated that Phytophthora capsici did not grow at 200 ppm, whereas the growth of Rhizoctonia solani and Sclerotium rolfsii caused at 400 ppm. Eugenol inhibited not only radial growth but also sporulation. The mycelia tips swelled, branched, and distorted due to eugenol treatment. Further in vivo and field research will be conducted to ascertain effect of the clove product in the form of eugenol fungicide and organic material.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107243

Research on utilization of clove leaves on the control of stem rot diseases on vanilla
Penelitian penggunaan daun cengkeh dalam pengendalian penyakit busuk batang panili

Tombe, M; Nurawan, A; Sukamto
Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dalam Rangka Pemanfaatan Pestisida Nabati [Proceedings of the Research Result Seminar on the Utilization of Plant Pesticides]; Bogor 1-2 Desember 1993; 1994; p28-36

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107246

Efficacy of some kinds of clove and other plant product on nematode of pepper
Efikasi beberapa macam produk cengkeh dan tanaman lain terhadap nematoda lada

Mustika, I; Rahmat S., A
Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dalam Rangka Pemanfaatan Pestisida Nabati [Proceedings of the Research Result Seminar on the Utilization of Plant Pesticides]; Bogor 1-2 Desember 1993; 1994; p49-55

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107268

Preliminary research on the effect of eugenol on mature pest of Araecerus fasciculatus
Penelitian pendahuluan pengaruh eugenol terhadap serangga dewasa Araecerus fasciculatus

Wiratno; Siswanto; Wihardi, E.A
Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian dalam Rangka Pemanfaatan Pestisida Nabati [Proceedings of the Research Result Seminar on the Utilization of Plant Pesticides]; Bogor 1-2 Desember 1993; 1994; p293-297

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107337

Effects of processing postponement and distillation duration of fallen clove leaves on yield and quality of oil produced
Pengaruh penundaan pengolahan dan lama destilasi daun cengkeh gugur terhadap rendemen dan kualitas minyak yang dihasilkan

Sucahyono, B
Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1993; 51p

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 107501

Utilization of path analysis to trace the relationship between climatic factors with variables of growth and yield of plants
Penggunaan analisis lintasan (path analysis) untuk mengkaji keeratan hubungan antara unsur-unsur iklim dengan variabel pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman

Rukmayat, A; Hermanto
Informatika Pertanian [Agricultural Information] 5 (2): 259-272 (1995)

Abstract:
The relationship between variables of some factors can be traced by the use of an accurate method of analysis, such as the path analysis. This method of analysis can be used to trace the direct and indiect effects between the causal agent or subject, which may help in understanding the results of a research. The growth variables of Citronella and the climatic factors in Cibinong Research Installation and the clove production and the climatic factors in Cimanggu Research Installation were used as a subject of the study. The results showed that the increase in height of Citronella is indirectly and directly affected by the light intensity, while the increase in the number of tiller is directly affected by the minimum temperature, where the relationship was positively directed. The variability of clove production was directly affected by the amount of rainfall 2 months before the formation of flower primordium where the relationship has a negative direction.

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107900

Effects of sodium hydroxide concentration and duration of mixing on yield and quality of eugenol isolate from clove oil
Pengaruh konsentrasi natrium hidroksida dan lama pengadukan terhadap rendemen dan mutu isolat eugenol minyak bunga cengkeh

Ni'mah
D3 thesis; Bogor; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1995; 52p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 108125

Utilization of oil palm empty bunch ashes and shading on growth of clove seedlings
Pemanfaatan abu tandan kosong kelapa sawit dan naungan terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh

Bintoro, H.M.H; Santoso, E
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Peragi (Persatuan Agronomi Indonesia) [Bulletin of the Indonesian Association for Agronomy] 3 (1-2): 13-18 (1995)

Abstract:
This experiment was carried out in greenhouse at Darmaga Research Station of Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor. The aim of this experiment was to know the possibility of oil palm empty bunch ashes as organic fertilizer for clove seedlings during hardening process by decreasing clove seedlings shade. The ash of the empty bunch oil palm treatments consisted of control 0 (no ashes but given 5 g KCl), 5, 10, 15 and 20 g, and the shading intensities consisted of 0, 25, 50 and 75%. The result showed that the oil palm empty bunch ashes could not substitute the shade treatments, however; they were successfully substitute the role of KCl for the clove seedlings.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 108152

Isolation of Pseudomonas syzygium bacterium from Batra-comorphus cocles a potential insect vector of xylem limited bacterium in clove


Adria; Idris, H
Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Journal] 1 (3): 129-135 (1995)

Abstract:
Batracomorphus cocles is one the insects found on clove trees. It was assumed to be a potential insect vector of Pseudomonas syzygii causing xylem limited bacterium (local term: BPKC) disease in clove trees. This insect has a life pattern similar to Hindola fulva. Which is known as the insect vector of P. syzygii. To find out the role of B. cocles on clove trees, isolation of P. syzygii bacterium from B. cocles was carried out at the Solok Research Station for Spices and Medicinal Crops from September 1991 to October 1992. Insect samples for isolation material were collected eight times, each time on 10 diseased clove trees and 10 healthy clove trees. For each collection 10 nymphs and 10 imagoes were caught. The isolated bacteria were tested by using antiserum plant serological test of agglutination method and Koch postulate test on three-year old clove plants. The results of the serological tests showed that the nymphs and imagoes collected from diseased trees as well as imagoes collected from healthy trees were positively infected with P. syzygii bacteria with a percentage of 1.67-2.78%, 0.16-1.32%, and 0.03-0.08% respectively and with bacterium population of 2.09-3.21, 0.47-1.36 and 0.14-0.28 CFU per insect respectively. The results of Koch postulate test indicated that the isolated bacteria of the imagoes collected from diseased trees had the highest patogenicity (19.17) and the earliest incubation period (182 days). The isolated bacteria of the imagoes collected from healthy trees had the lowest patogenicity (9.17%) and latest incubation period (194 days). Microscopic examination showed that more vessels were plugged by bacteria in the plants which were inoculated with isolated bacteria of imagoes collected from diseased trees, 4.12 vessels of roots and 1.54 vessels of stem. While the plants which were inoculated with isolated bacteria of imagoes collected from healthy trees showed the lowest amount of plugged vessels, 2.88 vessels of root and 0.75 vessels of stems.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 108171

Role of Village Cooperative Body in clove marketing in Central Sulawesi
Peranan kelembagaan KUD dalam tataniaga cengkeh di Sulawesi Tengah

Kumala, Sj
Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri [Industrial Crops Research Journal] 1 (6): 278-283 (1996)

Abstract:
The research was conducted to assess the role of Village Cooperative Body (KUD) on clove marketing and to identify the factors causing that the institution is not well functioned in the marketing. The study was carried out in Central Sulawesi, one of the major producing areas of clove. Data were collected randomly from 90 farmers, 12 traders and six Village Cooperatives Body, which covered six villages from three subdistricts and two districts (Donggala and Poso). To assess the role of KUD in clove marketing tabulation analysis was used and to identify the factors influencing the role of KUD the linear model regression was applied. Results showed that the role of KUD on clove marketing in Central Sulawesi was very weak; it was only 11.11% of the farmers sold their clove to KUD. No farmer sold all of this product to the institution. The factors causing the farmers not to sell their clove to KUD, and no farmer sold all of his product to the institution were: low price, uncased payment and low volume of selling to KUD. If the price increase by Rp.100/kg, the probability of farmers to sell their clove to KUD will increase by 4% and if KUD pays by cash to farmers the probability of farmers to sell their product to KUD will increase by 68.87%.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 109488

Utilization of sago waste and chicken droppings as a plant media and N & P fertilizer on clove seedling
Pemanfaatan limbah sagu (Metroxylon sagu Rottb.) & kotoran ayam sebagai media tanam serta pemupukan nitrogen & fosfor pada pembibitan cengkeh (Eugenia caryophillus Spreng)

Soebijandojo
S1 Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1995; 53p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 109605

Development of agriculture sector on agribusiness progress in East Java; Input-Output perspective 1985-1989
Perkembangan sektor pertanian terhadap kemajuan agribisnis di Jawa Timur; Suatu prespektif Input-Output 1985-1989

Anindita, R
Department of Social-Economics; Faculty of Agriculture; Brawijaya University; Malang 65145; East Java; Indonesia

Agrivita 20 (2): 82-87 (1997)

Abstract:
The objective of this research is to study the strategy of agriculture growth in East Java, and how the agriculture can be expected to contribute to agribusiness development objectives, using data from 1985-1989 input-output tables. An input-output analysis of the changes of agribusiness sector and factor demand (domestic, intermediary input, export and domestic supply ratio) is used to derive implication input, export and domestic culture to support agro-industry. It is argued that highly agriculture growth is most likely to achieve the strategy of agribusiness growth.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 108583

The effects of clove bud quantity and distillation period on the yield and quality of clove oil
Pengaruh bobot bahan dan lama penyulingan terhadap rendemen dan mutu minyak bunga cengkeh

Rusli, S; Ma'mun
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Nasional I; Tumbuhan Obat dan Aromatik [Proceedings of the 1st National Symposium on Medicinal and Aromatic Plant]; APINMAP; Bogor, 10-12 Oktober 1995; 1996; p684-690

Abstract:
Clove bud oil is one of new Indonesian exported essential oil. In the world market, the price of Indonesian clove bud oil is lower than that of the Madagascar oil. The aim of the experiment was to find out the best condition of clove bud distillation. Treatment of the experiment were 3 stages in the amount of clove bud (12.5, 17.5 and 22.5 kg) and 3 stages of distillation period (8, 10 and 12 hours). The experiment was designed due to a Completely Randomized Design with two replicates. The clove bud has 5.5% moisture content and 14.7% essential oil content and its bulk density was 0.43 kg/litre. Distillation was carried out with direct steam at 1.0 kg/cm2 pressure (gauge) in a 110 litre distillation tank. The results showed that the amount of clove bud, distillation period and interaction of both treatments affected the yield, refractive index and eugenol content. The best combination treatment was 22.5 kg of clove bud with 12 hours distillation period. The essential oil yield was 12.44% and rate of steam distillation was 0.37 kg/hour/kg of clove bud. Characteristics of the essential oil meet the International Standard (ISO) requirement (specific gravity 1.0446, refractive index 1.5298, optical rotation -0.45o, eugenol content 80.8% and eugenol total 88.53%.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 108630

Effect of pretreatments of leaves on oil yield in clove leaf distillation
Pengaruh perlakuan bahan baku terhadap rendemen pada ekstraksi minyak daun cengkeh

Seleng, T; Rauf, A
Majalah Kimia [Journal of Chemistry] (56): 20-25 (1996)

Abstract:
The effect of pretreatments of leaves on oil yield in clove leaf distillation have been examined. Pretreatment variables studied were leaf size (whole and small cut leaves) and drying duration of the leaves in the air (sun-dried), i.e. 0, 3, 6 and 9 days. The results showed that the leaf sizes had no significant effects on the oil yield i.e. percentage of extracted clove leaf mass. However, the drying duration during six days gave the highest oil yield. All the extracted oil in this experiment has met the standards of quality.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 109096

Vanilla synthesis from eugenol as isolated product of clove oil
Sintesis vanili dari eugenol hasil isolasi dari minyak bunga cengkeh

Sutopo, H
S1 thesis; Lampung; Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Lampung University; 1994; 45p

Availability :
Lampung University; Lampung; Sumatera; Indonesia




NO. 109221

The density of Hindola fulva population as vector of Pseudomonas syzygii at different ages of clove plant
Kerapatan populasi Hindola fulva vektor bakteri Pseudomonas syzygii pada tingkat umur cengkeh

Adria; Idris, H; Nurmansyah; Jamalius
Research and Study Installation of Agricultural Technology; Laing; Solok; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XIII dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 13th National Congress and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society]; Mataram, 25-27 September 1995; p277-281

Abstract:
The study was carried out in Bukit Kandung, Tanah Datar district, West Sumatera. The experiment was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design with three treatments (4, 7 and 10 years old plant) with eight replications. The result showed that the highest nymph and imago population (insect per plant for each month) were found in 10 years old plant. They were early to half of tube (17.74), half to complete tube (14.45) and imago (912.61), while the low nymph and imago population was in 4 years old, namely (5.86), (3.82) and (2.28) respectively. Population of nymph and imago were lower in the dry than in rainy seasons.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 109222

The potential of Bactracomorphus cocles insect as vector of "Bakteri Pembuluh Kayu Cengkeh" (BPKC) disease
Potensi serangga Bactracomorphus cocles sebagai vektor penyakit Bakteri Pembuluh Kayu Cengkeh

Adria; Jamalius; Nasrun
Research and Study Installation of Agricultural Technology; Laing; Solok; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Risalah Kongres Nasional XIII dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia [Proceedings of the 13th National Congress and the Scientific Seminar on Indonesian Phytopathological Society]; Mataram, 25-27 September 1995; p282-285

Abstract:
The experiment was carried out at Sub Station of Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops Solok, West Sumatera. The imago's were collected every month for eight consecutive months from September 1991 to April 1992 on healthy and infected plants. Isolation and serology test showed that the nymph and imago collection on infected plants were Pseudomonas syzygii as well as imago were collected on the healthy and diseased plants with insect population percentage of (1.67-2.78%), (0.16-1.32%) and (0.03-0.08%); and bacterial population of (2.09-3.21), (0.47-1.36) and (0.14-0.28) CFU per insect separately.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 109808

Applications of GA3 and D50 shell foliar on growth of clove seedling
Aplikasi GA3 dan shell foliar D50 pada pertumbuhan bibit cengkeh

Suroso, H
S1 thesis; Jember; Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; 1993; 76p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; Jember; East Java; Indonesia




NO. 109833

Response of physiology and morphology on clove seedling to application of 'mixtalol' and 'ost' fertilizer
Respon fisiologis dan morfologis bibit cengkeh terhadap aplikasi mixtalol dan pupuk ost

Sukmono, M.A
S1 thesis; Jember; Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; 1993; 92p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; Jember; East Java; Indonesia




NO. 110187

The effects of eugenol and clove flower on Carpophillus sp.
Pengaruh eugenol dan tepung bunga cengkeh terhadap Carpophillus sp.

Mardiningsih, T.L; Baringbing, B; Suriati, S
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional; Tantangan Entomologi pada Abad XXI [Proceedings of the National Seminar on Entomology Challenge in 21st Century] di Bogor Januari 1997; p318-324

Abstract:
Study to examine the effect of eugenol and clove flower powder on Carpophillus sp. had been carried out at the Entomologycal Laboratory, Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops, Bogor from August 1994 to January 1995. The study consisted of 3 experiments i.e. first, rubbing eugenol solution in the petridish, after the solvent evaporated, test insects were introduced inside. Second, dipping of candlenut kernel in the eugenol solution, after the solvent evaporated, the insect were introduced into a container filled with those treated kernels. Third, candlenut kernels were mixed with powder of clove flower, after mixed evenly, test insects were introduced. The experiments were arranged in completely randomized design with 6 treatments including control and 5 replicates; experiments 3 consisted of 6 treatments including control and replicated 4 times. Parameters observed were mortality of insect and the number of insect progeny. The results showed that without food, 0.5% of eugenol solution influenced mortality of insect. However, on treatment of dipping, although eugenol did not effect insect mortality, 7.5% of eugenol solution was able to suppress 92.86% of insect progeny. Likewise, treatment of clove flower powder did not influence the insect mortality, however, the proportion of 10% clove flower powder could depress 97.14% of the insect progeny.

Availability :
Research Institute for Vegetables Library




NO. 110664

Responses of application frequency and 'wuxal' concentration on pre growth of clove seedling
Respon frekuensi pemberian dan konsentrasi wuxal terhadap pertumbuhan awal bibit cengkeh

Heriyanto
S1 thesis; Jember; Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; 1992; 78p

Availability :
Faculty of Agriculture; Jember University; Jember; East Java; Indonesia




NO. 110739

Effect of climate on yield fluctuation of clove tree
Pengaruh unsur-unsur iklim terhadap fluktuasi hasil cengkeh

Wahid, P; Ruhnayat
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Agromet 11 (1 & 2): 48-58 (1995)

Abstract:
Yields fluctuation occurs on clove tree. The main harvest is obtained every 2-3 years. This trait is undesirable because farmers do not have certainty on their income. The case of fluctuation is not clear yet and speculation mentioned it due to physiological unbalance, genetic character and environmental conditions. This experiment was aimed at studying the effect of environmental condition, such as climate on yield clove. Data of climate variables and yield are collected from all sites in Indonesia by the survey method and desk study, and are statistically and graphically tested for their relationship pattern. Results of the research showed that climate affect the flowering pattern of clove tree, however, which of the variable have dominant effect while the time is occurred depend specifically on the location. The effect of rainfall at sunlight intensity were significant some month before flower formation and will continue until repenting. High rainfall before and during flowering formation will decrease the yield, while flowering formation will increase yield. High intensity sunlight (41.0-76.0%) before flower premordium formation will increase, while low until moderate intensity (27.5-54.0%) decrease yield high relative humidity (73-74%) during flower premordium formation will decrease yield. Statistic analysis showed that yield fluctuation is not absolutely depended by climate factors. The effect of climate is in range 37-68% and the rest is probably due to other factors, such as genetic character and method of cultivation such as fertilizing, harvest method, maintained, etc.

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 26915

A Comparative Study on MIC Values & Anti-adherence Properties of Crude Aqueous Extracts of Cinnamon and Cloves towards the Early Colonizers of Dental Plaque


W Nordini, Hasnor, WI; Khaw, LM; Fathilah, AR; Rahim, ZHA.
Oral Biology Department; Faculty of Dentistry; University of Malaya; 50603 Kuala Lumpur.

26th. Symposium of the Malaysian Society for Microbiology; Langkawi; Kedah; 25-28 November 2004; p58

Abstract:
The ctude aqueous extracts of two selected spices, Cinnamomun zeylanicum (cinnamon) and Syzygium aromaticum (cloves) were prepared and tested for their antiadherence properties and minimal inhibition concentration (MIC) values towards the early plaque colonizers ( Streptococcus mitis & Streptococcus sanguinis) . The MIC values for the cinnamon crude aqueous extract against S. mitis and S. sanguinis were found to be 10 mg/ml and 20 mg/ml respectively. For cloves aqueous extract, the MIC values against S. mitis and S. sanguinis were found to be similar at a concentration of 20 mg/ml. At concentrations between 0.02 - 1.00 mg/ml, the crude extract of C. zeylanicum exhibited higher inhibitory effect on the adherence property of S. mitis and S. sanguinis compared to the crude extract of S. aromaticum. However, increasing the concentration of both extracts to 5 mg/ mI, the inhibitory effect of C. zeylanicum towards S. sanguinis was higher (almost 2-fold) compared to S. aromaticum and both showed similar inhibitory effect towards S. mitis. From this study, it can be concluded that the anti-adherence activities of these two selected spices towards the early colonizers of plaque are different between the bacterial species, depending on the concentration of the extracts; and the MIC values do not represent or indicate the effect of the extracts to the adhering property of the microbes.

Availability :
Patahayah




NO. 15793

Antifungal properties of some medicinal plants.
Phut samunphai bang chanit thi mi ait ti phon nai kan yapyang Charoen toep tho khong chua ra

Soytong, K; Rakvidhyasatra, V
Thai Abstracts: Science and Technology. 14: 35 (1989)

Abstract:
Ten medicinal plants: stemona (Stemona tuberosa) , nux-vomica tree (Strychus nux-vomica) , derris (Derris elliptica) , purging croton (Croton tiglium), star anise (Illicium verum) , clove tree (Syzygium aromaticum) , garlic (Allium Sativum), caraway (Carum carvi), lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) and thorn apple (Datura metel) were tested for their antifungal property to the following 21 different species of fungi: Absidia spinosa, choanephora cucurditarum, Phytophthora sp., Pythium aphanidermatum, Rhizopus microsporus, Cerat °Cystis paradoxa, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Sordaria fimicola, Alternaria alternata, Colletotrichum dematium, Drechslera maydis, Fusarium solani, Geotrichum candidum, Melanconium fuligineum, Myrothecium roridum, Sclerotium rolfsii, Pleurotus ostreatus, Thanatephours cucumeris, Tricholoma crassum, Ustilago maydis and Volvariella volvacea. Dried ground or fresh blended sample of each medicinal plant was incorporated at different concentrations into PDA on which growth of test fungi was determined. The results showed that star anise at the concentration of 20,000 ppm. completely inhibited growth of all fungi followed by caraway, lemon grass, clove tree, stemona, garlic, nux-vomica tree, purging croton, thorn apple and derris respectively.

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research




NO. 16559

Comparative effects between essential oil and chemical preservative with active and modified atmosphere packing conditions


Nitimongkonchai, N. and Rimkeeree, H.
Department of Product Development, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Kasetsart University Bangkok 10900, Thailand. (nnarumol@wu.ac.th)

The 3rd World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare : 83. (2003)

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine the inhibitory effects of essential oil combinations (0.5-1.5%v/v cinnamon oil and 0.5-1.5%v/v clove oil) against microorganism frequently causing spoilage in intermediate moisture foods. Four fungal species: Aspergillus flavus, Penicillium roqueforti, Mucor plmbeus, and Eurotium sp., four yeasts species: Debaryomyces hansenii, Zygosaccharomyces roxii, Pichia membranaefaciens and Candida lipolytica, and two bacteria species: Staphylococcus aureus and Pediococcus halophilus were inoculated on agar plates with combination of essential oil and two commercial antifungal agents (0.05%-0.15% sorbate and benzoate). The plates incubated under condition of decreasing concentration of O2 (10% to < 0.05%) and increasing concentration of CO2 with the balance being N2(20 to 40%). The combined essential oil with 1.5% cinnamon oil : 1.5% clove oil showed an entire antimicrobial specturm and outstanding inhibitory effect. Conclusively, the combined essential oil is suitable for incorporating in intermediate moisture foods with active packaging and indicate the possibility of using combined essential oil in place of commercial antifungal agents (in discuss).

Availability :
Chiang Mai University Library